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The Effects Of A Guided Mindful Walk On Stress, Mindfulness, And Physical Activity In University Students, Ashley Burdick, Sarah Camhi 2022 University of San Francisco

The Effects Of A Guided Mindful Walk On Stress, Mindfulness, And Physical Activity In University Students, Ashley Burdick, Sarah Camhi

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Creating effective resources on college campuses is needed to address low physical activity and low mental health in university students. PURPOSE: The purpose was to 1) measure changes in mental health (stress, mindfulness and anxiety) and 2) measure physical activity after participation in a guided mindful walk in a diverse student sample. METHODS: Students at the University of San Francisco were eligible if ≥18 years, able to read/write English, had access to a cell phone, able to stand/walk for 25 minutes. The mindful walking route included seven stops that asked participants to stop, reflect, notice their current surroundings …


The Neglected Category Of Sub-Elite Athletes In Ironman Triathlon, Derek Buesgens, Caio Sousa 2022 Loyola Marymount University

The Neglected Category Of Sub-Elite Athletes In Ironman Triathlon, Derek Buesgens, Caio Sousa

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Physical tests and training programs are tailored considering many factors, including the athletic level (i.e., amateur vs. professional, also known as age-group vs. elite). Ironman triathlon (IM) is a long-distance endurance event that thousands of athletes participate in around the world. However, the conventional division of athletes between age-groupers and elites neglect a group of amateur athletes who perform similarly to elite athletes. The spotlight on a new category of “sub-elite” athletes highlights the importance of new physical assessment protocols for a group largely underestimated as an amateur but overrated as an elite athlete. PURPOSE: The goal of this …


Reliability Of Arterial Occlusion Pressure Measurements Using Two Different Cuff Inflation Protocols, CHASE I. BLAZZARD, HANNAH HART, NICOLE KASPER, RYAN LACEY, DANIELA LOPEZ, SHAY RICHARDS, PAT R. VEHRS FACSM 2022 Brigham Young University, Provo UT

Reliability Of Arterial Occlusion Pressure Measurements Using Two Different Cuff Inflation Protocols, Chase I. Blazzard, Hannah Hart, Nicole Kasper, Ryan Lacey, Daniela Lopez, Shay Richards, Pat R. Vehrs Facsm

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Although previous studies have used two different cuff inflation protocols to measure AOP, no studies have reported the reliability of AOP measurements using both protocols. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of two measurements of AOP in the superficial femoral artery using two different cuff inflation protocols. METHODS: Ultrasound (GE LOGIQ) was used to detect blood flow through the superficial femoral artery of both legs in 20 males and 20 females. The AOP of the artery was measured twice in each leg. The artery was occluded using a continuous (CONT) cuff inflation protocol in one …


The Relationship Between Grit And Physical Activity In Primigravida And Multigravida Pregnant Women, Lynne Bankhead, Marcus M. Lawrence 2022 Southern Utah University

The Relationship Between Grit And Physical Activity In Primigravida And Multigravida Pregnant Women, Lynne Bankhead, Marcus M. Lawrence

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Physical activity (PA) levels decline when women become pregnant; this may differ by gravidity (number of pregnancies). Grit is a construct consisting of two facets including perseverance of effort (perseverance) and consistency of interest (consistency), and it may be predictive of PA volume and/or intensity in individuals. PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between grit and PA levels of various activity types in pregnant women, including assessing primigravida and multigravida women. METHODS: Pregnant women (n=126; 27.6 years old; 17.7 weeks gestation) in Utah, USA were assessed for grit (overall score and the consistency and perseverance facets) with the Short …


Association Between Muscle Power And Bone Strength In Healthy Populations: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, David Arce, Vanessa Yingling, Jordan Garcia 2022 California State University East Bay

Association Between Muscle Power And Bone Strength In Healthy Populations: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, David Arce, Vanessa Yingling, Jordan Garcia

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Optimal bone strength may reduce fracture risk, yet there is no easy to administer field measurement for bone health. The simplicity of testing lower limb power and the relationship between muscle and bone make it a potential choice for a screening tool. PURPOSE: To analyze the association between muscle power and bone strength in healthy children, adolescents, and adults. METHODS: The meta-analysis protocol was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA-2020 guidelines. A modified PICO strategy, including population, measurement tool, and outcome measures, was used to develop the research question and guide eligibility criteria. Searches using 4 key concepts; …


Effects Of Acute Grape Seed Extract Supplementation On Muscle Metaboreflex In Healthy Young Individuals, ALVIN APILADO, WILLIAM BOYER, TREVOR GILLUM, SEAN SULLIVAN, ANDREW HARVESON, ALBERT LIRA, JONG-KYUNG KIM 2022 California Baptist University

Effects Of Acute Grape Seed Extract Supplementation On Muscle Metaboreflex In Healthy Young Individuals, Alvin Apilado, William Boyer, Trevor Gillum, Sean Sullivan, Andrew Harveson, Albert Lira, Jong-Kyung Kim

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Studies demonstrated that grape seed extract (GSE) increases the production of nitric oxide (NO) and reduces central sympathetic output. However, limited data have reported regarding the potential beneficial effects of this extract on blood pressure (BP) to increased sympathetic activity induced by the muscle metaboreflex (MMR) activation. Purpose: the aim of this study was to determine whether GSE supplementation could reduce the BP in response to static exercise and post exercise muscular ischemia (PEMI) in normotensive young adults. Methods: in 12 healthy subjects (7 male and 5 female, 24.6±3.4 yr), we compared acute effect of both GSE (600 mg) and …


Self-Efficacy For Exercise Influences Quality Of Life, Tanya Alvarez, Sarah Dunn 2022 California State University, San Bernardino, Palm Desert Campus

Self-Efficacy For Exercise Influences Quality Of Life, Tanya Alvarez, Sarah Dunn

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Purpose: Assessing the influence self-efficacy (motivation) for exercise had on both perceived physical and mental health (aka; quality of life) in college students. Methods: College/university students (>18 years) from any institution were recruited to participate in an online research study. The students were asked to volunteer in a cross-sectional Qualtrics survey sent through different forms of communication; flyers, announcements, and an electronic email. Participants were asked to answer a series of questions; however, for this particular study, the main focus was perceived physical and mental health measured with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Health-Related Quality of Life …


Motor Evoked Torque Differences Between Aclr Patient And Control, Tawfeeq Al-Mansur, Victoria Whitcomb, Brian Clem 2022 Loyola Marymount University

Motor Evoked Torque Differences Between Aclr Patient And Control, Tawfeeq Al-Mansur, Victoria Whitcomb, Brian Clem

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed (ACLR) patients with quadriceps deficits demonstrate greater motor evoked potential (MEP), indicating altered corticospinal excitability. Recent study has suggested that evoked torque responses to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is an alternative method to determine motor cortical excitability. However, no study has evaluated the evoked torque in ACLR patients compared to healthy controls. PURPOSE: To evaluate percentage changes in evoked torque values in response to TMS between an ACLR patient (ACLR) and a healthy control (CONT). METHODS: One ACLR (female, 21yrs, 180cm, 77.1kg) and one CONT (female, 39yrs, 160cm, 61.2kg) were seated on HUMAC dynamometer …


Does Carrying Golf Equipment Unilaterally Or Bilaterally Influence Spatiotemporal Gait Parameters?, Yunsheng Zou, Guanrong Cai, Jordan Cannon, George Salem 2022 University of Southern California

Does Carrying Golf Equipment Unilaterally Or Bilaterally Influence Spatiotemporal Gait Parameters?, Yunsheng Zou, Guanrong Cai, Jordan Cannon, George Salem

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Golf is a popular multimodal recreational physical activity and sport. Golf equipment transportation (GET) is a consistent demand in golf, with over 6 kilometers of walking distance and 10,000 steps accrued, on average, in an 18-hole round. Gait asymmetries, especially in step time and step length, are associated with decreased efficiency and increased metabolic cost. Thus, gait asymmetries in different GET methods may have implications for fatigue and golf performance. PURPOSE: To compare symmetry in gait spatiotemporal parameters of two GET methods with each other and unloaded walking over flat ground. We hypothesized that GET would result in asymmetric step …


Reliability Of The Stryd Accelerometer On An Incline And Decline, Wesley Ziegler, Jeffrey Cowley 2022 Southern Utah University

Reliability Of The Stryd Accelerometer On An Incline And Decline, Wesley Ziegler, Jeffrey Cowley

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Modern technology has evolved to include various health and fitness trackers to help the general population become more aware of their physical wellbeing. However, the reliability of these technologies is not well-established. PURPOSE: Determine the reliability of Stryd accelerometer during trail running. METHODS: Seventeen participants (25 ± 9 years; F = 7) completed a trail run. Each participant was fitted with one Stryd accelerometer (model 25; Stryd, Boulder, CO 80301) on the shoe of each foot, and both devices were started simultaneously. The participant then did a self-paced out and back run on a moderate difficulty hiking trail. The trail …


Let The Rhythm Move You: A Scoping Review Of Music And Athletic Performance, Gabriel Zapata, Zakkoyya Lewis, Edward Jo Dr., Minhyuk Kwon 2022 California State Polytechnic University, Pomona

Let The Rhythm Move You: A Scoping Review Of Music And Athletic Performance, Gabriel Zapata, Zakkoyya Lewis, Edward Jo Dr., Minhyuk Kwon

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

PURPOSE: Numerous athletes utilize music to train, warm-up, and during competition. Listening to music during sport activity can capture attention, distract from fatigue and comfort, alter mood state, relieve stress, and evoke a sense of power. The purpose of this study is to examine the literature to determine the impact of music on athletic performance. METHODS: Three databases were searched in September 2022. These included PubMed, Science Direct, Taylor & Francis Online, and the California State Polytechnic University Pomona OneSearch, which indexes over 20 databases within the field of exercise science. Articles that described an intervention program that …


The Effect Of Training Status On Critical Power And Work Prime, Ari Young, Jessica Linde, Jessica Rose Collins, Olivia Leach, Megan Sherman, Kiese Mpongo, Jaron Quirante, Jayson Gifford 2022 Brigham Young University

The Effect Of Training Status On Critical Power And Work Prime, Ari Young, Jessica Linde, Jessica Rose Collins, Olivia Leach, Megan Sherman, Kiese Mpongo, Jaron Quirante, Jayson Gifford

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Critical Power (CP) represents a threshold of sustainable endurance exercise; work prime (W’) represents the amount of metabolic disturbance one is capable of enduring above CP before exhaustion. CP increases with endurance training, but it is unclear how much of this can be explained by differences in muscle mass and body mass. PURPOSE: Characterize relationship between training status and CP and W when normalized for body and muscle mass. METHODS: We recruited 23 individuals (10 untrained individuals; 7 female, 3 male age= ~23.8yrs and 13 trained individuals; 7 female, 6 male, age= ~25.8yrs). A graded VO2max …


Out Of Resistance Comes Strength: A Multi-Phased Fidelity Study Of An Equipment-Based Resistance Program For Older Adults, Landen Wong, Alejandra Arce, Vincent Barron, Alexie Elder, Franceska Millanponce, Matthew Tamunda, Josephine Villicana, Carolina Godinez, Charisma Byrd, Sarah Pearce, Alexandra T. Auslander, Zakkoyya H. Lewis, Lara Killick 2022 California State Polytechnic University, Pomona

Out Of Resistance Comes Strength: A Multi-Phased Fidelity Study Of An Equipment-Based Resistance Program For Older Adults, Landen Wong, Alejandra Arce, Vincent Barron, Alexie Elder, Franceska Millanponce, Matthew Tamunda, Josephine Villicana, Carolina Godinez, Charisma Byrd, Sarah Pearce, Alexandra T. Auslander, Zakkoyya H. Lewis, Lara Killick

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Purpose: Within the US, people are experiencing longer life expectancy, yet these extended lifespans have not necessarily translated into years living in good health. Research shows that regular resistance exercise carries distinct preventive health benefits for older adults. The purpose of this research is to conduct a multi-phased study to evaluate the fidelity of an equipment-based resistance training program designed specifically for older adults. Methods: A three-phased study has been designed. Phase 1 consisted of a systematic literature review to identify salient measures of internal and external validity for equipment-based resistance training programs for older adults. Phase 2 is a …


Features Of A Mediterranean Diet And Mental Health Outcomes In College Students, Jessica Wisse, Gabriella Marchal, Claire Duisenberg, Hawley Almstedt 2022 Loyola Marymount University

Features Of A Mediterranean Diet And Mental Health Outcomes In College Students, Jessica Wisse, Gabriella Marchal, Claire Duisenberg, Hawley Almstedt

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Up to 30% of college students are reported to suffer from depression or anxiety. Previous studies have produced correlations between nutritional variables and mental health outcomes in adults. Specifically, variables featured in the Mediterranean diet, including increased fiber, monounsaturated fat, omega-3 fatty acids, fruit and vegetable intake, and decreased added sugars have been associated with more favorable mental health outcomes. PURPOSE: This research was conducted to explore relationships between specific variables included in the Mediterranean diet and mental health symptoms in college students. METHODS: To collect data on diets, participants were given three-day diet records to record food and beverage …


Coping Strategies For General Anxiety In University Students: A Scoping Review, Thilini S. Wickramarachchi, Alane Daugherty, Nivitigala Sumitta, Zakkoyya H. Lewis 2022 California State Polytechnic University, Pomona

Coping Strategies For General Anxiety In University Students: A Scoping Review, Thilini S. Wickramarachchi, Alane Daugherty, Nivitigala Sumitta, Zakkoyya H. Lewis

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

PURPOSE: For students with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), stress becomes a way of living. GAD is a condition used to characterize chronic long-term, intense, and excessive worry. Managing stress during college can be extremely challenging. Learning how to manage stress may help students cope with every day social and academic pressures; thus, enhancing college experience. The purpose of this scoping review is to identify coping mechanisms used by university students to manage their stress and anxiety. METHODS: The databases searched are as follows: Google Scholar, CPP One Search (which includes databases such as PubMed, ERIC, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science) and …


Longitudinal Changes In Physical Activity Engagement And Mental Health Outcomes In A Sample Of Digital Mental Health Platform Users, Camille E. Welcome Chamberlain, Shannon Lindsay, Brooke J. Smith, Sara J. Sagui-Henson, Cynthia Castro Sweet, Myra Altman 2022 Modern Health

Longitudinal Changes In Physical Activity Engagement And Mental Health Outcomes In A Sample Of Digital Mental Health Platform Users, Camille E. Welcome Chamberlain, Shannon Lindsay, Brooke J. Smith, Sara J. Sagui-Henson, Cynthia Castro Sweet, Myra Altman

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Research has demonstrated a bidirectional relationship between physical activity and well-being, anxiety, and depression. PURPOSE: We examined this relationship in a sample of employees with access to a digital mental health care platform. METHODS: Adults (n=755, 57% female; 41% BIPOC; M age= 34±9 years) receiving employer-sponsored digital mental health care completed an online survey at baseline and 3-month follow-up. Data were collected on duration of physical activity engagement (IPAQ), well-being (WHO-5), anxiety (GAD-7) and depression (PHQ-9) symptoms, and self-reported impact of mental health issues on physical activity. We analyzed baseline correlations between physical activity and mental health, and …


Body Adiposity Index Superior To Body Mass Index In Predicting Adiposity In Army Rotc Cadets, Kaitlyn Wabakken, Ruth Larson, Annika Grams, Sofia Harman, Sara Thomasson, Katelynn Brock, Payton Price, Anthony Acevedo, Zachary Zeigler 2022 Grand Canyon University

Body Adiposity Index Superior To Body Mass Index In Predicting Adiposity In Army Rotc Cadets, Kaitlyn Wabakken, Ruth Larson, Annika Grams, Sofia Harman, Sara Thomasson, Katelynn Brock, Payton Price, Anthony Acevedo, Zachary Zeigler

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

The Army’s standards to assess body composition were established in the 1960s. The current body composition assessment is due for change as there are newer alternate methods to assess body composition using adiposity. Body Mass Index (BMI) is moderately correlated with % body fat and often used to assess obesity in the general population. The Body Adiposity Index (BAI) is an alternative anthropometric measurement suggested to be superior to BMI at predicting adiposity, but has not been well assessed within military populations. PURPOSE: The purpose of this correlational study was to determine the accuracy of the BMI overweight category …


The Relationship Between Concussion History And Lower Extremity Biomechanics During A Land And Cut Task, Nghi Gia Vu, Warren Forbes, Jason M. Avedesian, Janet S. Dufek 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

The Relationship Between Concussion History And Lower Extremity Biomechanics During A Land And Cut Task, Nghi Gia Vu, Warren Forbes, Jason M. Avedesian, Janet S. Dufek

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

In high impact landing tasks, athletes with a history of sports related concussion (SRC) have been found to demonstrate lower extremity (LE) biomechanics that are associated with elevated injury risk. However, the exact relationships between SRC history and LE biomechanics are inconclusive. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between SRC history and LE biomechanics during a cutting task. METHODS: A cohort of athletes with a history of SRC (n=20) and a control group of healthy athletes (n=20) were recruited for this study. The control group were matched by age, sex, and sport. Athletes …


Just Bust A Move; Relating Subjective Evaluation To Objective Measurements In Hip – Hop Dance, Joshua A. Vicente, Belle P. Ponce de Leon, Makena Savola, Rabbani Nzeza, Summer Diaz, Wendy Pham, Thomas (Rex) Ruswick, Dr. Jacob Hinkel-Lipsker 2022 California State University, Northridge

Just Bust A Move; Relating Subjective Evaluation To Objective Measurements In Hip – Hop Dance, Joshua A. Vicente, Belle P. Ponce De Leon, Makena Savola, Rabbani Nzeza, Summer Diaz, Wendy Pham, Thomas (Rex) Ruswick, Dr. Jacob Hinkel-Lipsker

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Being globally recognized as a performance art and mode of expression, Hip - hop dance is becoming more prevalent in today’s modern dance and popular culture. With multiple renditions across the globe on what encompasses Hip - hop dance on various social media platforms and the different sub styles of hip-hop dance that currently exist, there are a limited number of ways to assess a dancer and their ability without relying on a high amount of subjectivity from those that are watching it. PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between common dance moves (like the Arm Wave & Inverted Happy Feet) …


The Validity And Reliability Of The Garmin Instinct In Measuring Heart Rate, Energy Expenditure, And Steps During Skipping, Nicole Vargas, Bryson Carrier, Dustin W. Davis, Jorge Perdomo Rodriguez, Elias M. Malek, Bianca Weyers, Katherine Carlos, James W. Navalta 2022 University of Nevada Las Vegas

The Validity And Reliability Of The Garmin Instinct In Measuring Heart Rate, Energy Expenditure, And Steps During Skipping, Nicole Vargas, Bryson Carrier, Dustin W. Davis, Jorge Perdomo Rodriguez, Elias M. Malek, Bianca Weyers, Katherine Carlos, James W. Navalta

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

As the use of wearable technology to monitor physical activity increases, assessment of the validity and reliability of these devices are needed. A popular device brand is Garmin. Although not a common physical activity, skipping can be included in dynamic warm-ups. PURPOSE: Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Garmin Instinct in measuring caloric energy expenditure (EE), average heart rate (HR), and steps while skipping. METHODS: Ten participants (5 female, age: 27±9 years) skipped at a self-selected pace for five minutes. During that time, HR, EE, and steps were measured …


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