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Yawns Are Cool, Andrew C. Gallup, Omar T. Eldakar 2017 SUNY Polytechnic Institute - Utica

Yawns Are Cool, Andrew C. Gallup, Omar T. Eldakar

Biology Faculty Articles

Although we yawn each and every day, most people have little understanding of why we do it. In fact, the function of yawning has remained mysterious for centuries, even among scientists, and this has only changed quite recently. Contrary to what people have believed for a long time, it is now understood that yawns have nothing to do with breathing or the amount of oxygen we are taking in. Instead, new and growing research has revealed that yawns serve as a brain cooling mechanism. This new perspective on yawning as a response to elevated brain temperature has transformed our understanding ...


Identifying The Factors For Acute Cardiac Arrest For Establishing A New Recognition Protocol In Detecting Pre-Arrest Symptoms, Sarah Power 2017 DePaul University

Identifying The Factors For Acute Cardiac Arrest For Establishing A New Recognition Protocol In Detecting Pre-Arrest Symptoms, Sarah Power

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Worsening physiological symptoms can easily go overlooked or unmanaged. The early detection of clinical signs that precede cardiac arrest can reduce the risk of worsening condition or death. Determining a nursing protocol to recognize pre-arrests symptoms would allow a systematic way to evaluate patients and their health status before adverse events occur.

Objectives: The purpose of an integrative literature review was to identify signs and symptoms that precede cardiac arrest, and to specify a recognition protocol that ameliorates patient care outcomes.

Method: An integrative literature review was conducted undergoing an extensive search to identify acute cardiac arrest and ...


Forgiveness: How It Manifests In Our Health, Well-Being, And Longevity, Kathi Norman 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Forgiveness: How It Manifests In Our Health, Well-Being, And Longevity, Kathi Norman

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Forgiveness is a character strength and process that, when practiced, is associated with improved psychological well-being, physical health outcomes, and longevity. Forgiveness can serve as a protective factor that buffers against poor health and psychological consequences. Common misconceptions about forgiveness can serve as barriers to the desire to cultivate this protective strength, as forgiveness is often conflated with permissiveness, and perceived as permission for a transgressor to engage in hurtful conduct. The benefits of forgiveness, however, are most significant for the individual who has been transgressed, rather than the transgressor. Failing to forgive, or unforgiveness, is the practice of engaging ...


Investigating The Needs Of Parents Of Premature Infants’ Interaction In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Maureen A. Rinehimer 2017 Seton Hall University

Investigating The Needs Of Parents Of Premature Infants’ Interaction In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Maureen A. Rinehimer

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Parents and/or caregivers of premature infants provide the interaction needed to promote better outcomes for these challenged infants at risk for developmental delays. This descriptive, exploratory study utilized convenience sampling. Inclusion criteria consisted of parents/caregivers who were at least 18 years of age and older with infants born 35 weeks gestation or less and currently in the NICU. This study focused on the research question: What do parents perceive they need in the NICU to enjoy interacting with their infant in the home? To collect the data needed to capture the perceptions of parent’s needs of infants ...


Current Prevalence Rate Of Latex Allergy: Why It Remains A Problem?, Miaozong Wu, James McIntosh, Jian Liu 2017 Marshall University

Current Prevalence Rate Of Latex Allergy: Why It Remains A Problem?, Miaozong Wu, James Mcintosh, Jian Liu

Jian Liu

OBJECTIVES: This article aims to review the current prevalence rate of latex allergy among healthcare workers, susceptible patients, and the general public, and to investigate why latex is still a ubiquitous occupational health hazard.

METHODS: Scientific publications on PubMed, particularly those published within the last five years, and current regulations from agencies such as Food and Drug Administration (FDA) were reviewed. Consumer and commercial products that may contain latex were also surveyed.

RESULTS: Approximately 12 million tons of natural rubber latex is produced annually and is widely used to manufacture millions of consumer and commercial products. Only limited number of ...


Current Prevalence Rate Of Latex Allergy: Why It Remains A Problem?, Miaozong Wu, James McIntosh, Jian Liu 2017 Marshall University

Current Prevalence Rate Of Latex Allergy: Why It Remains A Problem?, Miaozong Wu, James Mcintosh, Jian Liu

James McIntosh

OBJECTIVES: This article aims to review the current prevalence rate of latex allergy among healthcare workers, susceptible patients, and the general public, and to investigate why latex is still a ubiquitous occupational health hazard.

METHODS: Scientific publications on PubMed, particularly those published within the last five years, and current regulations from agencies such as Food and Drug Administration (FDA) were reviewed. Consumer and commercial products that may contain latex were also surveyed.

RESULTS: Approximately 12 million tons of natural rubber latex is produced annually and is widely used to manufacture millions of consumer and commercial products. Only limited number of ...


Current Prevalence Rate Of Latex Allergy: Why It Remains A Problem?, Miaozong Wu, James McIntosh, Jian Liu 2017 Marshall University

Current Prevalence Rate Of Latex Allergy: Why It Remains A Problem?, Miaozong Wu, James Mcintosh, Jian Liu

Miaozong Wu

OBJECTIVES: This article aims to review the current prevalence rate of latex allergy among healthcare workers, susceptible patients, and the general public, and to investigate why latex is still a ubiquitous occupational health hazard.

METHODS: Scientific publications on PubMed, particularly those published within the last five years, and current regulations from agencies such as Food and Drug Administration (FDA) were reviewed. Consumer and commercial products that may contain latex were also surveyed.

RESULTS: Approximately 12 million tons of natural rubber latex is produced annually and is widely used to manufacture millions of consumer and commercial products. Only limited number of ...


Alumni Journal - Volume 88, Number 2, Loma Linda University School of Medicine 2017 Loma Linda University

Alumni Journal - Volume 88, Number 2, Loma Linda University School Of Medicine

Alumni Journal, School of Medicine

Features
12 | A Humble and Gentle Giant: Remembering the man named Small
15 | SDA Guidelines and PAS
18 | The Divine Thread: Dr. Bailie’s life of providential underpinning
22 | To Make Man Flourish: God’s call to decrease physician burnout
26 | APC 2017 in Review

Departments
2 | From the Editor
3 | This and That
4 | From the President
6 | From the Dean
8 | School of Medicine News
10 | The Student Fund
36 | AIMS Report
40 | Book Review
42 | Alumni News
44 | Placement and Classified Ads
45 | In Memoriam
51 | Historial Snapshot
52 | What's Up Doc?

Extras
11 | New Board ...


Enduring Chronic Kidney Disease: An Investigation Of Psychosocial Factors And Life Satisfaction In Older Adults Receiving Dialysis Treatment, Bailee Sobotka 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Enduring Chronic Kidney Disease: An Investigation Of Psychosocial Factors And Life Satisfaction In Older Adults Receiving Dialysis Treatment, Bailee Sobotka

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Chronic kidney disease is a condition during which the kidneys begin to shut down and no longer filter blood efficiently. Once the disease has progressed far enough, dialysis treatments are mandatory to sustain life. To further understand how older adults receiving dialysis treatments cope with their disease, psychosocial factors were evaluated to investigate possible correlations with life satisfaction using a Life Satisfaction Index Z (LSI-Z). Expected correlations with life satisfaction were sociability, financial satisfaction, importance of spirituality, and activities of daily living scores. Interviews were conducted with 30 dialysis patients and results were analyzed using various statistical measures. Significant correlations ...


Embracing Diversity: Confronting Disparities, Loma Linda University Health 2017 Loma Linda University

Embracing Diversity: Confronting Disparities, Loma Linda University Health

Scope

Table of Contents:

Features

4 | Researching the biological footprint of health inequalities
8 | Modeling interfaith cooperation: Religious diversity at Loma Linda University Health
10 | New Diversity Council works towards inclusiveness as a spiritual imperative
13 | First graduating cohort of LLU San Bernardino Campus - San Manuel Gateway College
14 | Race Matters for Health {a lot!}
20 | Loma Linda University Health professor's campaign to end dangerous health disparities
22 | Questions and answers on workforce diversity with Lyndon Edwards
25 | Diversity solves disparities
26 | Gender Dysphoria: Response of the faith-based community
28 | Uncovering unconscious bias
30 | Diversity in the Adventist Health Study ...


Implementation Of Competency Based Educational Strategies Into A First-Year Seminar For Interprofessional Healthcare Science Majors, Melissa M. Snyder, Amy Murphy-Nugen, Amy Rose, Gayle Wells, Carol MacKusick 2017 Western Carolina University

Implementation Of Competency Based Educational Strategies Into A First-Year Seminar For Interprofessional Healthcare Science Majors, Melissa M. Snyder, Amy Murphy-Nugen, Amy Rose, Gayle Wells, Carol Mackusick

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The Health Educators Academy at Western Carolina University was developed by the Dean of the College of Health and Human Sciences. Interdisciplinary fellows in the 2015 HEA focused on competency based education (CBE), which naturally incentivizes collaborative, interdisciplinary and interprofessional work. The 2015 Health Educator Academy Fellows researched healthcare competencies and designed curriculum changes that aligned within these parameters. This article discusses the creation of a first-year, interprofessional healthcare course that emphasizes CBE as well as interprofessional practice. Interprofessional Goals: The 2015 Academy Fellows believed that a collaborative course in the first-year curriculum that builds upon integral competencies ...


A Rare Association Of Giant Cell Arteritis With Recurrent Corneal Ulcer, Sailaja Bondalapati, Kay Khine, Maya Bitar, David Chesnutt, Richard M. Davis 2017 Marshall University

A Rare Association Of Giant Cell Arteritis With Recurrent Corneal Ulcer, Sailaja Bondalapati, Kay Khine, Maya Bitar, David Chesnutt, Richard M. Davis

Maya S. Bitar

We report a rare case of association of temporal arteritis with recurrent central corneal ulcer. A 91-year-old male with a remote history of clinically diagnosed giant cell arteritis (GCA) and penetrating keratoplasty (PK) for corneal edema in 1990’s in the left eye presented with irritation and severe dry eye. He progressively developed central corneal ulcer regardless of treatment with aggressive lubrication and patching. The clinical course, blood tests and temporal artery biopsy results yielded the diagnosis of recurrent GCA. The clinical course improved after starting oral steroids. The case report illustrates the importance of ruling out GCA in patients ...


Establishment Of Innovative Shared Departments To Advance Interdisciplinary Education, Ronald S. Harichandran, Brian Kench, Summer McGee, Michael A. Collura, Jean Nocito-Gobel, Charles David Skipton 2017 University of New Haven

Establishment Of Innovative Shared Departments To Advance Interdisciplinary Education, Ronald S. Harichandran, Brian Kench, Summer Mcgee, Michael A. Collura, Jean Nocito-Gobel, Charles David Skipton

Engineering and Applied Science Education Faculty Publications

More and more universities are pursuing interdisciplinary academic activities that span across department and college boundaries. Administrative structures to facilitate such programs are difficult to establish within traditional university frameworks consisting of disciplinary departments and colleges. Often interdisciplinary programs are housed in a traditional disciplinary department or college, or in a standalone center reporting to a college dean or the provost. The difficulty of these structures is obtaining broad buy-in from faculty across departments and having disciplinary degree programs include interdisciplinary coursework.

To overcome the difficulties described above, an innovative shared department structure that fosters collaborations to advance interdisciplinary education ...


Gadgets And Grieving: A Chronological Analysis On The Ways In Which Advancements In Medical Technologies Have Altered The Grieving Process, Grace McNair 2017 Abilene Christian University

Gadgets And Grieving: A Chronological Analysis On The Ways In Which Advancements In Medical Technologies Have Altered The Grieving Process, Grace Mcnair

Dialogue & Nexus

Since the 1940s, both end-of-life care and advancements in medical technologies have expanded exponentially. This article explores the advancements in medical technologies and how these have altered the way that Western society grieves death. With the capabilities to prolong life, the family, the patient, and the medical team, all grieve the end of life in different ways. This article provides a chronological analysis of palliative care, hospice care, and various medical advancements. These changes in medicine are then paralleled with alterations in the bereavement process. This article explores historical narratives of Western society’s transformation of grief through the lens ...


Prevalence And Predictors Of Herbal Medicine Use Among Adults In The United States, Mohamed Rashrash, Jon C. Schommer, Lawrence M. Brown 2017 Chapman University

Prevalence And Predictors Of Herbal Medicine Use Among Adults In The United States, Mohamed Rashrash, Jon C. Schommer, Lawrence M. Brown

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Objective: To describe the prevalence of herbal medicine use among US adults and to assess factors associated with and predictors of herbal use. Design: The data for herbal products use were collected from the 2015 National Consumer Survey on the Medication Experience and Pharmacists’ Roles. Chi-square test was used to analyz factors associated with herbal use, and predictors of herbal use were assessed with logistic regression analysis. Results: Factors associated with herbal supplement use include age older than 70, having a higher than high school education, using prescription medications or over-thecounter (OTC) medications, and using a mail-order pharmacy.” All Disease ...


Commonest Cancers In Pakistan - Findings And Histopathological Perspective From A Premier Surgical Pathology Center In Pakistan., Zubair Ahmad, Romana Idress, Saira Fatima, Nasir Uddin, Arsalan Ahmed, Khurram Minhas, Aisha Memon, Syeda Samia Fatima, Muhammad Arif, Sheema H Hasan, Rashida Ahmed, Shahid Pervez, Naila Kayani Naila Kayani 2017 Aga Khan University

Commonest Cancers In Pakistan - Findings And Histopathological Perspective From A Premier Surgical Pathology Center In Pakistan., Zubair Ahmad, Romana Idress, Saira Fatima, Nasir Uddin, Arsalan Ahmed, Khurram Minhas, Aisha Memon, Syeda Samia Fatima, Muhammad Arif, Sheema H Hasan, Rashida Ahmed, Shahid Pervez, Naila Kayani Naila Kayani

Zubair Ahmad

Abstract CONTEXT: There are no recent authoritative data about incidence and prevalence of various types of cancers in Pakistan. AIM: To determine the frequency of malignant tumors seen in our practice and provide a foundation for building a comprehensive cancer care strategy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 10,000 successive cases of solid malignant tumors reported in 2014 were included. All cases had formalin fixed, paraffin embedded specimens available and diagnosis was based on histological examination of H and E stained slides plus ancillary studies at the Section of Histopathology, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. The ...


Commonest Cancers In Pakistan - Findings And Histopathological Perspective From A Premier Surgical Pathology Center In Pakistan., Zubair Ahmad, Romana Idress, Saira Fatima, Nasir Uddin, Arsalan Ahmed, Khurram Minhas, Aisha Memon, Syeda Samia Fatima, Muhammad Arif, Sheema H Hasan, Rashida Ahmed, Shahid Pervez, Naila Kayani Naila Kayani 2017 Aga Khan University

Commonest Cancers In Pakistan - Findings And Histopathological Perspective From A Premier Surgical Pathology Center In Pakistan., Zubair Ahmad, Romana Idress, Saira Fatima, Nasir Uddin, Arsalan Ahmed, Khurram Minhas, Aisha Memon, Syeda Samia Fatima, Muhammad Arif, Sheema H Hasan, Rashida Ahmed, Shahid Pervez, Naila Kayani Naila Kayani

Rashida Ahmed

Abstract CONTEXT: There are no recent authoritative data about incidence and prevalence of various types of cancers in Pakistan. AIM: To determine the frequency of malignant tumors seen in our practice and provide a foundation for building a comprehensive cancer care strategy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 10,000 successive cases of solid malignant tumors reported in 2014 were included. All cases had formalin fixed, paraffin embedded specimens available and diagnosis was based on histological examination of H and E stained slides plus ancillary studies at the Section of Histopathology, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. The ...


Do Dietary Patterns Explain High Prevalence Of Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Pakistani Urban Adults? A Cross-Sectional Study, Nilofer F. Safdar, Elizabeth Bertone-Johnson, Lorraine Cordeiro, Tazeen H. Jafar, Nancy L. Cohen 2017 Dow University of Health Sciences

Do Dietary Patterns Explain High Prevalence Of Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Pakistani Urban Adults? A Cross-Sectional Study, Nilofer F. Safdar, Elizabeth Bertone-Johnson, Lorraine Cordeiro, Tazeen H. Jafar, Nancy L. Cohen

Lorraine Cordeiro

Background The prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in South Asia is higher than in any other developing countries. The diversity of diets in populations among developing countries may be one explanation for the differences in CVD. This study was carried out to explore the association between dietary patterns and the presence of cardiovascular risk factors among Pakistani low income urban adults. Methods Socio demographic, physical activity and dietary information was collected from 1546 Pakistani subjects aged ≥40 years from the Control of Hypertension and Risk Attenuation (COBRA) study. Anthropometric, clinical and biomarker measures were assessed. Cluster analysis was used to ...


Exploring Disparities In Underrepresented Minority Groups Of Children Diagnosed With Autism Spectrum Disorders Using The Biopsychosocial Theoretical Model, Varleisha Gibbs 2017 Seton Hall University

Exploring Disparities In Underrepresented Minority Groups Of Children Diagnosed With Autism Spectrum Disorders Using The Biopsychosocial Theoretical Model, Varleisha Gibbs

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Background and Purpose of the Study

The rate of Autism continues to rise nationally. However, disparities in the age of diagnosis amongst underrepresented minority groups, still remains a major concern. Research supports that racial and ethnic disparities are key factors influencing noted age of diagnosis discrepancies. Traditionally, the medical community has used the biomedical or disability model, as revealed in the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, to explore diagnostic differences. However, these models limit the healthcare professional’s ability to examine elements outside of pathology. In attempt to address the issue with a broader perspective, this study explored the ...


Family Characteristics Associated With Parents' Knowledge And Beliefs Regarding Preschoolers' Physical Activity, Christina B. Zurbuchen, Cassandra Ayres, Emily Hill Guseman 2017 University of Wyoming

Family Characteristics Associated With Parents' Knowledge And Beliefs Regarding Preschoolers' Physical Activity, Christina B. Zurbuchen, Cassandra Ayres, Emily Hill Guseman

Honors Theses AY 16/17

The obesity epidemic has been rising in magnitude for several decades and has spread its influence to include children of all ages. Much research has been done to examine the effect that physical activity (PA) has on an individual's weighty. The amount of PA that children participate in is mediated by various factors: high socioeconomic status, more green space, having a sibling, and parental support for PA are all associated with greater child PA. While all of these factors influence PA participation, their concurrent effect is unknown. A holistic perspective is imperative to the understanding of childhood PA, as ...


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