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Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications Commons

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Change In Sex Of Rearing In Individuals With Disorders Of Sex Development, Michelle Knoll 2020 Children's Mercy Hospital

Change In Sex Of Rearing In Individuals With Disorders Of Sex Development, Michelle Knoll

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Shanti's "The Recovery Mama Guide To Your Eating Disorder Recovery In Pregnancy And Postpartum" (Book Review), Elizabeth A. Nolan 2020 Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary

Shanti's "The Recovery Mama Guide To Your Eating Disorder Recovery In Pregnancy And Postpartum" (Book Review), Elizabeth A. Nolan

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


“Disbelieving Black Women To Death”; The “Double Jeopardy”: Racism And Sexism Affects Black Women’S Access To And Quality Of Care During Pregnancy, Birth, And Postpartum, Madeline St. Clair 2020 University of Nebraska at Omaha

“Disbelieving Black Women To Death”; The “Double Jeopardy”: Racism And Sexism Affects Black Women’S Access To And Quality Of Care During Pregnancy, Birth, And Postpartum, Madeline St. Clair

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

This paper explores possible reasons why Black women in the United States experience a higher maternal mortality rate than their white counterparts. Using books, articles, journals, documentaries, personal experiences and stories of Black women and mothers, I argue that barriers from the societal to the individual level create health and medical disparities for Black mothers in pregnancy, during delivery, and the postpartum period. The paper concludes with a multifaceted solution and call to action.


An Investigation Of Treatments For The Prevention Of Metabolic Complications For Women Suffering From Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: Diet, Exercise, Weight Reduction And Herbal Remedies, Brenda Martinez-Puente 2020 Dominican University of California

An Investigation Of Treatments For The Prevention Of Metabolic Complications For Women Suffering From Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: Diet, Exercise, Weight Reduction And Herbal Remedies, Brenda Martinez-Puente

Nursing | Senior Theses

The purpose of this research study is to compare the views of traditional versus alternative treatments available to women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) suffering from metabolic complications. Alternative treatments include diet, exercise, herbal remedies, or any combination of the three. Pharmacological interventions for the conditions associated with PCOS such as metformin, used to control glucose levels, and clomiphene, used to treat infertility. Through the literature review, articles show herbs and plant products to have similar mechanisms of actions as the pharmacological interventions, but with less side effects. For example, cinnamon was shown to increase insulin sensitivity and pomegranate juice ...


Can Magnetic Resonance Imaging Predict Pathologic Findings For Endometrioid Endometrial Cancer?, Elizabeth L. Dickson Michelson, Jessica J. F. Kram, Kayla Heslin, David Baugh, Vikram Bamra, Jiahao Hu, Abhishek Shukla, Scott A. Kamelle 2020 Oncology, Aurora West Allis Medical Center

Can Magnetic Resonance Imaging Predict Pathologic Findings For Endometrioid Endometrial Cancer?, Elizabeth L. Dickson Michelson, Jessica J. F. Kram, Kayla Heslin, David Baugh, Vikram Bamra, Jiahao Hu, Abhishek Shukla, Scott A. Kamelle

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

This pilot study aimed to assess the feasibility of precisely measuring tumor diameter and myometrial invasion in patients with endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC) using preoperative contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Adult patients with confirmed diagnosis of complex hyperplasia with atypia or EEC were included. Three radiologists separately measured tumor diameter and myometrial invasion. Basic descriptive statistics were used to describe patient characteristics and to compare radiology- and pathology-measured tumor diameter and myometrial invasion. Using the pathology results for tumor diameter as the gold standard for comparison, at least 1 radiologist was able to predict largest tumor diameter within 5 mm ...


Guidelines For The Care Of Obstetric Patients With Suspected Or Confirmed Covid-19 Infection And Their Newborn Infants, Troy Moon 2020 Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Guidelines For The Care Of Obstetric Patients With Suspected Or Confirmed Covid-19 Infection And Their Newborn Infants, Troy Moon

PEER Liberia Project

This presentation provides guidance and recommendations for the care of obstetric patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 infection and their newborn infants.


Role Of Ultrasound In The Evaluation Of First-Trimester Pregnancies In The Acute Setting, Venkatesh A. Murugan, Bryan O'Sullivan Murphy, Carolyn S. Dupuis, Alan J. Goldstein, Young H. Kim 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Role Of Ultrasound In The Evaluation Of First-Trimester Pregnancies In The Acute Setting, Venkatesh A. Murugan, Bryan O'Sullivan Murphy, Carolyn S. Dupuis, Alan J. Goldstein, Young H. Kim

Radiology Publications

In patients presenting for an evaluation of pregnancy in the first trimester, transvaginal ultrasound is the modality of choice for establishing the presence of an intrauterine pregnancy; evaluating pregnancy viability, gestational age, and multiplicity; detecting pregnancy-related complications; and diagnosing ectopic pregnancy. In this pictorial review article, the sonographic appearance of a normal intrauterine gestation and the most common complications of pregnancy in the first trimester in the acute setting are discussed.


Relation Of Flt-1 And Endothelial Function In Women Soon After Delivery: Effect Of Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior, Chloe W. Caudell 2020 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Relation Of Flt-1 And Endothelial Function In Women Soon After Delivery: Effect Of Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior, Chloe W. Caudell

Senior Theses

Adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) are believed to be caused by poor placental formation. APOs can be characterized by elevated levels of a circulating Fms-like tyrosine kinase biomarker called Flt-1, produced by the placenta when its blood vessels are shallow or inadequately formed. Flt-1 acts directly on the maternal endothelium to impair vascular function during pregnancy and contributes to maternal features of APOs. This study aimed to evaluate the relation of Flt-1 and endothelial function in women soon after delivery. This study also aimed to evaluate the relation of Flt-1 and physical activity and sedentary behavior in women during and soon ...


Case Series Of Anca Vasculitis As Prognostic Marker For Severity Or Relapse Of Glomerulonephritis., Jake N. Cho MD, Venkat Chitumalla MD, Izuchukwu Nwakoby MD 2020 HCA Healthcare

Case Series Of Anca Vasculitis As Prognostic Marker For Severity Or Relapse Of Glomerulonephritis., Jake N. Cho Md, Venkat Chitumalla Md, Izuchukwu Nwakoby Md

Nephrology

No abstract provided.


Benefits And Harms Of High-Dose Haemodiafiltration Versus High-Flux Haemodialysis: The Comparison Of High-Dose Haemodiafiltration With High-Flux Haemodialysis (Convince) Trial Protocol, Peter J. Blankestijn, Kathrin I. Fischer, Claudia Barth, Krister Cromm, Bernard Canaud, Andrew Davenport, Diederick E. Grobbee, Jorgen Hegbrant, Kit C. Roes, Matthias S. F. Rose, Giovanni Fm. Strippoli, Robin Wm. Vernooij, Mark Woodward, G. Ardine de Wit de, Michiel L. Bots 2020 University Medical Center Utrecht

Benefits And Harms Of High-Dose Haemodiafiltration Versus High-Flux Haemodialysis: The Comparison Of High-Dose Haemodiafiltration With High-Flux Haemodialysis (Convince) Trial Protocol, Peter J. Blankestijn, Kathrin I. Fischer, Claudia Barth, Krister Cromm, Bernard Canaud, Andrew Davenport, Diederick E. Grobbee, Jorgen Hegbrant, Kit C. Roes, Matthias S. F. Rose, Giovanni Fm. Strippoli, Robin Wm. Vernooij, Mark Woodward, G. Ardine De Wit De, Michiel L. Bots

Open Access Articles

INTRODUCTION: End-stage kidney disease (ESKD) is a major public health problem affecting more than 2 million people worldwide. It is one of the most severe chronic non-communicable diseases. Haemodialysis (HD) is the most common therapeutic option but is also associated with a risk of cardiovascular events, hospitalisation and suboptimal quality of life. Over the past decades, haemodiafiltration (HDF) has become available. Although high-dose HDF has shown some promising survival advantage compared to conventional HD, the evidence remains controversial. A Cochrane systematic review found, in low-quality trials, with various convective forms of dialysis, a reduction in cardiovascular, but not all-cause mortality ...


Postpartum Depression! One Iv And I Am Back To Happy!, Gabrielle DuBruille 2020 Boca Raton Regional Hospital

Postpartum Depression! One Iv And I Am Back To Happy!, Gabrielle Dubruille

All Publications

No abstract provided.


Characterizing Patients With Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections In Vesicoureteral Reflux: A Pilot Study Of The Urinary Proteome, Dijana Vitko, Patricia Cho, Stephen A. Kostel, Shannon E. DiMartino, Lily D. Cabour, Matthew A. Migliozzi, Tanya Logvinenko, Peter G. Warren, John W. Froehlich, Richard S. Lee 2020 Boston Children's Hospital

Characterizing Patients With Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections In Vesicoureteral Reflux: A Pilot Study Of The Urinary Proteome, Dijana Vitko, Patricia Cho, Stephen A. Kostel, Shannon E. Dimartino, Lily D. Cabour, Matthew A. Migliozzi, Tanya Logvinenko, Peter G. Warren, John W. Froehlich, Richard S. Lee

Open Access Articles

Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) pose a significant burden on the health care system. Underlying mechanisms predisposing children to UTIs and associated changes in the urinary proteome are not well understood. We aimed to investigate the urinary proteome of a subset of children who have vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and recurrent UTIs because of their risk of developing infection-related renal damage. Improving diagnostic modalities to identify UTI risk factors would significantly alter the clinical management of children with VUR. We profiled the urinary proteomes of 22 VUR patients with low grade VUR (1-3 out of 5), a history of recurrent UTIs ...


Cardiovascular Tissue Remodeling Of Preeclampsia, Rachel Metz 2020 The University of Akron

Cardiovascular Tissue Remodeling Of Preeclampsia, Rachel Metz

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy that leads to a multitude of problems for the mother and fetus during and after pregnancy. While the effects on the mother's body after pregnancy are often overlooked, preeclamptic mothers are prone to cardiovascular diseases from the great deal of stress experienced through the duration of a preeclamptic pregnancy. The associated high blood pressure causes cardiac muscle to work a great deal harder in an attempt to successfully perfuse tissues adequately. This increase in prolonged stress leads to remodeling of the cardiovascular tissues-significantly increasing the risk of heart issues in life beyond ...


Effect Of Postpartum Protocols On Maternal Outcomes, Kelsey Grimm, Emily Harnish 2019 James Madison University

Effect Of Postpartum Protocols On Maternal Outcomes, Kelsey Grimm, Emily Harnish

Physician Assistant Capstones, 2016 to 2019

Objective: To determine whether postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) protocols lead to decreases in maternal morbidity and mortality.

Design: Systemic literature review.

Methods: The clinical question investigated is whether the implementation of PPH protocols has measurable impact on maternal morbidity and mortality. Searches were done through PubMed using the keywords: “maternal hemorrhage postpartum protocol.” Studies were eliminated if they were more than 10 years old, conducted outside the United States, published in a non-English language, used other animal subjects besides humans, used non-female subjects, if they did not answer the clinical question, or were review articles. Eventually, three cohort studies were included ...


Prevention Of Cytomegalovirus Lntection In Pregnant Mothers And Neonates, Aisha Oliver, Taylor Gauthier, Breanne Rizzo, Alison Huet, Natalie DiPietro 2019 Ohio Northern University

Prevention Of Cytomegalovirus Lntection In Pregnant Mothers And Neonates, Aisha Oliver, Taylor Gauthier, Breanne Rizzo, Alison Huet, Natalie Dipietro

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common virus spread in utero from mother to fetus, leading to more long-term problems and childhood deaths than other conditions such as Down syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, pediatric HIV/AIDS, or neural tube defects. The majority of congenital CMV infections are primary infections in which the mother acquires the infection during pregnancy. Current treatment options for CMV infection are available, but there is limited data on safety and effectiveness in pregnant mothers and neonates. Prevention by screening for CMV is associated with a high cost, and vaccines are currently unavailable. Studies show that education ...


Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome And Hyperinsulinemia: Overview And Treatment, Amanda M. Meyer, Lauren D. Bajbus, Sarah E. Drake, Kristen M. Quertinmont, Ashley Overy, Anne Gentry 2019 Ohio Northern University

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome And Hyperinsulinemia: Overview And Treatment, Amanda M. Meyer, Lauren D. Bajbus, Sarah E. Drake, Kristen M. Quertinmont, Ashley Overy, Anne Gentry

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a prevalent issue in women's health that is associated with hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance and can lead to long-term health problems. The most highly recommended treatments are diet and lifestyle changes. If these changes alone are not enough, pharmacologic treatments may be employed which include metformin, spironolactone or thiazolidinediones, although more research is needed to fully realize their role. The role of the pharmacist in this disease state includes counseling patients on healthy lifestyle changes, consulting with the physician about prescribing the best medication for each patient, and monitoring therapy adherence in the patient.


Association Of Patient And Visit Characteristics With Rate And Timing Of Urologic Procedures For Patients Discharged From The Emergency Department With Renal Colic, Elizabeth M. Schoenfeld, Meng-Shiou Shieh, Penelope S. Pekow, Charles D. Scales Jr., James M. Munger, Peter K. Lindenauer 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Association Of Patient And Visit Characteristics With Rate And Timing Of Urologic Procedures For Patients Discharged From The Emergency Department With Renal Colic, Elizabeth M. Schoenfeld, Meng-Shiou Shieh, Penelope S. Pekow, Charles D. Scales Jr., James M. Munger, Peter K. Lindenauer

Open Access Articles

Importance: Little is known about the timing of urologic interventions in patients with renal colic discharged from the emergency department. Understanding patients' likelihood of a subsequent urologic intervention could inform decision-making in this population.

Objectives: To examine the rate and timing of urologic procedures performed after an emergency department visit for renal colic and the factors associated with receipt of an intervention.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study used the Massachusetts All Payers Claims Database to identify patients 18 to 64 years of age who were seen in a Massachusetts emergency department for renal colic from January 1 ...


Identifying The Risk Factors To Postpartum Depression, Jannica Bondoc Santos 2019 Dominican University of California

Identifying The Risk Factors To Postpartum Depression, Jannica Bondoc Santos

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

A woman’s life instantly changes after the birth of their child. Furthermore, culture influences the stigma that a mother is the primary caregiver of their children and are accountable for the health and upbringing of the child. Giving birth to a baby and taking up the responsibility of another human life is a great impact in a female’s existence. In addition to the new tasks that come with motherhood, women are also challenged to cope with their emotional and mental state after giving birth. The most chronic mental illness that can develop after labor is postpartum depression (PPD ...


Use Of Antidiabetic Drugs During Pregnancy Among U.S. Women With Livebirth Deliveries In The Mini-Sentinel System, Katrina Mott, Marsha E. Reichman, Sengwee Toh, Caren Kieswetter, Katherine Haffenreffer, Susan E. Andrade 2019 Harvard University

Use Of Antidiabetic Drugs During Pregnancy Among U.S. Women With Livebirth Deliveries In The Mini-Sentinel System, Katrina Mott, Marsha E. Reichman, Sengwee Toh, Caren Kieswetter, Katherine Haffenreffer, Susan E. Andrade

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: As the prevalence of diabetes mellitus increases in the population, the exposure to antidiabetic drugs (ADDs) during pregnancies is expected to grow, as has been seen over the last decade. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of ADD use during pregnancy among women in the Mini-Sentinel Distributed Database (MSDD) who delivered a liveborn infant.

METHODS: We identified qualifying livebirth pregnancies among women aged 10 to 54 years in the MSDD from 2001 to 2013. ADD use was estimated using outpatient pharmacy dispensing claims and days-supplied among three cohorts: all livebirth pregnancies, pregnancies among women with ...


Detecting, Preventing, And Treating Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Adolescent Arrestees: An Unmet Public Health Need, Christopher Salvatore, Steven Belenko, Richard Dembo, Matthew Rollie, Kristina Childs 2019 Montclair State University

Detecting, Preventing, And Treating Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Adolescent Arrestees: An Unmet Public Health Need, Christopher Salvatore, Steven Belenko, Richard Dembo, Matthew Rollie, Kristina Childs

Christopher Salvatore

Studies of detained and incarcerated adolescent offenders in the United States indicate that these juveniles have an elevated risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). However, many more arrestees enter the “front end” of the juvenile justice system that is detained or incarcerated, and research into the STD risk profiles and service needs of this larger group is lacking. An expansion of STD testing (including of asymptomatic youths), prevention, and treatment is needed, as is improved knowledge about gender- and race-specific services. A pilot program in Florida has shown that juvenile justice and public health systems can collaborate to implement STD ...


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