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Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications Commons

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Improving Sexually Transmitted Infection Knowledge In Community College Students: A Path To Prevention, Rebecca Halford 2021 Abilene Christian University

Improving Sexually Transmitted Infection Knowledge In Community College Students: A Path To Prevention, Rebecca Halford

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This DNP project was conducted to identify gaps in knowledge focusing on sexually transmitted infections within Texas and Region one. The research study gathered data from first-year nursing students who have chosen to participate in a sexually transmitted infection-focused educational module. Participants were first-year nursing students and understood the research study was strictly voluntary with no forms of compensation. Currently, the curriculum in the nursing program at which the study took place does not focus on sexually transmitted infections and is directed to speak minimally on the subject. This is a contributing factor to why the rise in sexually transmitted ...


Unintended Pregnancy And The Associated Factors Among Pregnant Females: Sukh Survey-Karachi, Pakistan, Shama Razzaq, Saleem Jessani, Narjis Rizvi, Sarah Saleem 2021 Health Services Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan

Unintended Pregnancy And The Associated Factors Among Pregnant Females: Sukh Survey-Karachi, Pakistan, Shama Razzaq, Saleem Jessani, Narjis Rizvi, Sarah Saleem

Community Health Sciences

Objective: Unintended pregnancy has become a substantially growing reproductive health concern in South Asian region. The objective of this survey was to assess the magnitude of unintended pregnancy along with its correlates among currently pregnant women residing in Karachi.
Methods: A community based, multistage, cross-sectional study was carried out among 612 currently pregnant women from squatter settlements of Karachi, inquiring for "unintended pregnancy", outcome of interest. Multivariable logistic analysis was done using SPSS v.19 to determine associated factors.
Results: Of 612 pregnant women interviewed, 168(27.4%) reported their pregnancies as unintended. The multivariable regression identified a high likelihood ...


Machine Learning Guided Postnatal Gestational Age Assessment Using New-Born Screening Metabolomic Data In South Asia And Sub-Saharan Africa, Sunil Sazawal, Kelli K. Ryckman, Sayan Das, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Usma Mehmood, Amina Barkat, Farah Khalid, Muhammad Ilyas Muhammad Ilyas, Ambreen Nizar, Fyezah Jehan 2021 Center for Public Health Kinetics, Lajpat Nagar II, New Delhi, India

Machine Learning Guided Postnatal Gestational Age Assessment Using New-Born Screening Metabolomic Data In South Asia And Sub-Saharan Africa, Sunil Sazawal, Kelli K. Ryckman, Sayan Das, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Usma Mehmood, Amina Barkat, Farah Khalid, Muhammad Ilyas Muhammad Ilyas, Ambreen Nizar, Fyezah Jehan

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Babies born early and/or small for gestational age in Low and Middle-income countries (LMICs) contribute substantially to global neonatal and infant mortality. Tracking this metric is critical at a population level for informed policy, advocacy, resources allocation and program evaluation and at an individual level for targeted care. Early prenatal ultrasound examination is not available in these settings, gestational age (GA) is estimated using new-born assessment, last menstrual period (LMP) recalls and birth weight, which are unreliable. Algorithms in developed settings, using metabolic screen data, provided GA estimates within 1-2 weeks of ultrasonography-based GA. We sought to leverage ...


Making Hospitals Health Promotive, Shelina Bhamani, Areeba Zainab Makhdoom 2021 Aga Khan University

Making Hospitals Health Promotive, Shelina Bhamani, Areeba Zainab Makhdoom

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

No abstract provided.


The Practice Of Burch Colposuspension Versus Mid Urethral Slings For The Treatment Of Stress Urinary Incontinence In Developing Country, Saida Abrar, Lubna Razzak, Raheela Mohsin Rizvi 2021 Aga Khan University

The Practice Of Burch Colposuspension Versus Mid Urethral Slings For The Treatment Of Stress Urinary Incontinence In Developing Country, Saida Abrar, Lubna Razzak, Raheela Mohsin Rizvi

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Objectives: To compare the effectiveness and complications of Burch colposuspension and Mid Urethral Slings (MUS) for the treatment of Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI).
Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 162 patients who underwent surgery for SUI with Burch colposuspension (n=40), tension free vaginal tape (TVT) (n= 59) or transobturator tape (TOT) (n=63), from 2006 to 2014 at the Aga Khan University Hospital- Karachi. All three groups were assessed in terms of demographics, cure rates, intraoperative and postoperative complications at one and five years using incontinence impact questionnaire-short form-7 (IIQ-7) and urogenital distress inventory -short form-6 (UDI-6).
Results ...


Cervical Cancer: Are There Ways To Reduce The Risks?, Madelyn Dorn 2021 Kennesaw State University

Cervical Cancer: Are There Ways To Reduce The Risks?, Madelyn Dorn

Symposium of Student Scholars

History has shown us that when caught early, cervical cancer is curable. Past research has found that the sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), herpes and human papillomavirus (HPV), have been associated with cervical cancer. In contrast, my dataset on 859 women has many more STDs and lifestyle choices compiled on 36 variables. The diagnoses in the dataset are many: cervical condylomatosis, vaginal condylomatosis, vulvo-perineral condylomatosis, syphilis, pelvic inflammatory disease, genital herpes, molluscum contagiosum, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, HPV, and cervical cancer. In addition to the demographic variable on age, there are many lifestyle choice ...


Oral Minimal Model For Gestational Diabetes, Sarah Peters 2021 Kennesaw State University

Oral Minimal Model For Gestational Diabetes, Sarah Peters

Symposium of Student Scholars

Gestational diabetes is one of the most common issues that a pregnant woman encounters that could result in harm to both the woman and child. Due to this issue, the woman’s glucose and insulin levels should be carefully monitored throughout her pregnancy to assess the need for prescribed diabetic medication to help regulate those levels. In this research, the objectives is to develop a MATLAB computer program of the Oral Minimal Model, which is a model that can be used to estimate a person’s insulin sensitivity from an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) where plasma glucose and insulin ...


Cohort Profile: The Alliance For Maternal And Newborn Health Improvement (Amanhi) Biobanking Study, Fahad Aftab, Salahuddin Ahmed, Aneeta Hotwani, Muhammad Ilyas, Mohammad Javaid, Fyezah Jehan, Farah Khalid, Usma Mehmood, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Muhammad Sajid 2021 Center for Public Health Kinetics, Global Zanzibar, Tanzania

Cohort Profile: The Alliance For Maternal And Newborn Health Improvement (Amanhi) Biobanking Study, Fahad Aftab, Salahuddin Ahmed, Aneeta Hotwani, Muhammad Ilyas, Mohammad Javaid, Fyezah Jehan, Farah Khalid, Usma Mehmood, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Muhammad Sajid

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

No abstract provided.


"When They See Someone Who Is Poor, They Step On Them": The Social Determinants Of Health Among Survivors Of Sex Trafficking In Cambodia, James P. Havey, Glenn M. Miles, Lim Vanntheary, Nhanh Channtha, Hanni Stoklosa 2021 Chab Dai International, University of Kent, UK

"When They See Someone Who Is Poor, They Step On Them": The Social Determinants Of Health Among Survivors Of Sex Trafficking In Cambodia, James P. Havey, Glenn M. Miles, Lim Vanntheary, Nhanh Channtha, Hanni Stoklosa

Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

Social determinants of health (SDH) are defined as the non-medical yet health-affecting conditions of a person’s life. They include such considerations as working conditions, discrimination, and access to health services. The aim of this study was to explore the SDH impacting those who have survived sex trafficking in Cambodia. This study employed a mixed methods, secondary analysis, focusing on 52 survivors of sex trafficking in the Butterfly Longitudinal Research Project from 2010 through 2019. Participants described myriad social determinants of health, including: gender, age, relationship status (marriage), ethnicity, national identification documentation (statelessness), social class, formal education, vocational training, occupation ...


An Audit Of Gynae-Oncology Practices In Ovarian Cancer Treatment Based On Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (Eras) Protocol Amongst Two Gynae-Oncology Units, In Uk And In Pakistan, Uzma Chishti, Munazza Akhtar, Aliya Aziz, Amber Ahmed, Desmond Pj Barton 2021 Aga Khan University

An Audit Of Gynae-Oncology Practices In Ovarian Cancer Treatment Based On Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (Eras) Protocol Amongst Two Gynae-Oncology Units, In Uk And In Pakistan, Uzma Chishti, Munazza Akhtar, Aliya Aziz, Amber Ahmed, Desmond Pj Barton

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Objective: To compare peri-operative practices and complications in ovarian cancer patients undergoing upfront surgery for primary disease under enhanced recovery after surgery protocol and traditional practices.
Methods: The retrospective cross-sectional study was done at the gynaecology departments of St Georges Hospital, United Kingdom, and the Aga Khan Hospital, Pakistan, and comprised data of an equal number of ovarian cancer patients from each centre who underwent ovarian cancer surgery from January 2015 to December 2016. The former centre practiced the enhanced recovery after surgery protocol, while the latter centre followed traditional practices. Data was analysed using SPSS 19.|
Results: Of the ...


Does Exercise Prevent Gestational Diabetes Mellitus In Pregnant Women? A Clin-Iq, Olivia Lust, Tana Chongsuwat, Elizabeth Lanham, Ann F. Chou, Elizabeth Wickersham 2021 University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center

Does Exercise Prevent Gestational Diabetes Mellitus In Pregnant Women? A Clin-Iq, Olivia Lust, Tana Chongsuwat, Elizabeth Lanham, Ann F. Chou, Elizabeth Wickersham

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Excessive weight gain during pregnancy has been on the rise globally, leading to increased prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). A diagnosis of GDM often leads to pregnancy and infant-related complications. Regular exercise may have the potential to prevent GDM. However, evidence surrounding the utility of exercise during pregnancy as an effective risk reduction intervention has been mixed. This clinical inquiry examined the role of regular exercise during pregnancy in preventing GDM in both obese and normal-weight women and analyzed specific aspects of exercise that make it an effective preventive measure. The review of evidence included 3 meta-analyses, 3 systematic ...


Covid-19 Deliveries: Maternal Features And Neonatal Outcomes, Viviana Zlochiver, Blair Tilkens, Ana Cristina Perez Moreno, Fatima Aziz, M. Fuad Jan 2021 Advocate Aurora Research Institute, Advocate Aurora Health

Covid-19 Deliveries: Maternal Features And Neonatal Outcomes, Viviana Zlochiver, Blair Tilkens, Ana Cristina Perez Moreno, Fatima Aziz, M. Fuad Jan

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Integrated, data-driven criteria are necessary to evaluate delivery outcomes in pregnancies affected by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. This study analyzed maternal demographics, clinical characteristics, treatments, and delivery outcomes of 85 ethnically diverse, adult pregnant women who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 at the time of delivery. Median maternal and gestational ages were 27 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 23–31) and 39 weeks (IQR: 37.3–40.0), respectively. Of the 85 SARS-CoV-2–positive participants, 67 (79%) had no COVID-19 symptoms at the time of routine COVID-19 admission testing, 14 (16%) reported mild COVID-19 ...


C-Jun N-Terminal Kinase (Jnk) Signaling Contributes To Cystic Burden In Polycystic Kidney Disease [Preprint], Abigail O. Smith, Julie A. Jonassen, Kenley Preval, Roger J. Davis, Gregory J. Pazour 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

C-Jun N-Terminal Kinase (Jnk) Signaling Contributes To Cystic Burden In Polycystic Kidney Disease [Preprint], Abigail O. Smith, Julie A. Jonassen, Kenley Preval, Roger J. Davis, Gregory J. Pazour

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Polycystic kidney disease is an inherited degenerative disease in which the uriniferous tubules are replaced by expanding fluid-filled cysts that ultimately destroy organ function. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common form, afflicting approximately 1 in 1,000 people. It primarily is caused by mutations in the transmembrane proteins polycystin-1 (Pkd1) and polycystin-2 (Pkd2). The most proximal effects of Pkd mutations leading to cyst formation are not known, but pro-proliferative signaling must be involved for the tubule epithelial cells to increase in number over time. The c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway promotes proliferation and is activated in ...


Using Deep Learning To Identify Bladder Cancers With Fgfr-Activating Mutations From Histology Images, Constantine S. Velmahos, Marcus Badgeley, Ying-Chun Lo 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Using Deep Learning To Identify Bladder Cancers With Fgfr-Activating Mutations From Histology Images, Constantine S. Velmahos, Marcus Badgeley, Ying-Chun Lo

Open Access Publications by UMass Chan Authors

BACKGROUND: In recent years, the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) pathway has been proven to be an important therapeutic target in bladder cancer. FGFR-targeted therapies are effective for patients with FGFR mutation, which can be discovered through genetic sequencing. However, genetic sequencing is not commonly performed at diagnosis, whereas a histologic assessment of the tumor is. We aim to computationally extract imaging biomarkers from existing tumor diagnostic slides in order to predict FGFR alterations in bladder cancer.

METHODS: This study analyzed genomic profiles and HandE-stained tumor diagnostic slides of bladder cancer cases from The Cancer Genome Atlas (n = 418 cases ...


Surgery For Pelvic Organ Prolapse And Stress Urinary Incontinence And Female Sexual Functions: A Quasi-Experimental Study, Saida Abrar, Raheela Mohsin Rizvi, Huda Saleem 2021 Aga Khan University

Surgery For Pelvic Organ Prolapse And Stress Urinary Incontinence And Female Sexual Functions: A Quasi-Experimental Study, Saida Abrar, Raheela Mohsin Rizvi, Huda Saleem

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Objectives: To assess the effect of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and/or stress urinary incontinence (SUI) on various domains of female sexual functions in patients before and after reconstructive surgery for these pelvic floor disorders.
Methods: We conducted a quasi-experimental study of 126 women aged 25-65 years, presenting with POP / SUI, from January 1st 2019 to December 31st 2019 at Aga Khan University Hospital. POP surgery was performed only in patients with symptomatic POP ≥ stage 2 according to POP-Q (quantification). Sexual functions were assessed using Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire, among sexually active women at baseline and 18 months ...


Onco-Fertility And Personalized Testing For Potential For Loss Of Ovarian Reserve In Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy: Proposed Next Steps For Development Of Genetic Testing To Predict Changes In Ovarian Reserve, Bei Sun, John Yeh 2021 Tel Aviv University Sackler School of Medicine New York State

Onco-Fertility And Personalized Testing For Potential For Loss Of Ovarian Reserve In Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy: Proposed Next Steps For Development Of Genetic Testing To Predict Changes In Ovarian Reserve, Bei Sun, John Yeh

Open Access Publications by UMass Chan Authors

Women of reproductive age undergoing chemotherapy face the risk of irreversible ovarian insufficiency. Current methods of ovarian reserve testing do not accurately predict future reproductive potential for patients undergoing chemotherapy. Genetic markers that more accurately predict the reproductive potential of each patient undergoing chemotherapy would be critical tools that would be useful for evidence-based fertility preservation counselling. To assess the possible approaches to take to develop personalized genetic testing for these patients, we review current literature regarding mechanisms of ovarian damage due to chemotherapy and genetic variants associated with both the damage mechanisms and primary ovarian insufficiency. The medical literature ...


The Association Of Symptoms Of Overactive Bladder With Pelvic Organ Prolapse And Its Improvement After Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery, Saida Abrar, Raheela Mohsin Rizvi, Nida Zahid 2021 Aga Khan University

The Association Of Symptoms Of Overactive Bladder With Pelvic Organ Prolapse And Its Improvement After Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery, Saida Abrar, Raheela Mohsin Rizvi, Nida Zahid

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Objectives: This study asseses the association of overactive bladder symptoms and pelvic organ prolapse severity and evaluates the effect of pelvic reconstructive surgery on overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms in women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP). It also looks into any pre and post-operative factors responsible for persistent postoperative OAB symptoms.
Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi between 1st January 2014 and 31st December 2018. In this study women presenting with POP and concommitent OAB who underwent surgery for site specific defects, measured using Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) staging system. OAB ...


Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma To Pancreas And Gastrointestinal Tract: A Clinicopathological Study Of 3 Cases And Review Of Literature, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Nasir Ud Din, Ramin Saadaat, Zubair Ahmad 2021 French Medical Institute for Mothers and Children (FMIC), Kabul, Afghanistan

Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma To Pancreas And Gastrointestinal Tract: A Clinicopathological Study Of 3 Cases And Review Of Literature, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Nasir Ud Din, Ramin Saadaat, Zubair Ahmad

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) metastasizes in approximately 20-30% cases. The most common sites for metastases are the lungs, bones, liver, and brain. Metastases of RCC in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) are very rare. Metastatic RCC has a poor prognosis. We herein present a case series of three patients with metastatic disease in the colon, duodenum, and pancreas following complete resection of RCC.
Methods: Hematoxylin and Eosin and immunohistochemical slides of 3 cases of RCC metastatic to GIT were reviewed. These cases were diagnosed between 2002 and 2019 at French Medical Institute for Mothers and Children (FMIC), Kabul, Afghanistan, and ...


Ethnic Differences In Maternal Cytokines And Adipokines And Their Association With Spontaneous Preterm Delivery, Yelizavet D. Lomakova, Xinhua Chen 2021 Rowan University

Ethnic Differences In Maternal Cytokines And Adipokines And Their Association With Spontaneous Preterm Delivery, Yelizavet D. Lomakova, Xinhua Chen

Stratford Campus Research Day

Spontaneous preterm delivery (SPTD, birth at <37 weeks’ gestation) is a leading cause of infant mortality in the United States [1]. Infants born prematurely are more likely to suffer from both short and long-term complications including neurodevelopmental delay, visual and hearing impairment, and chronic diseases such as heart disease, hypertension and diabetes in later life [2-4]. African American women have a 2-fold increased risk of preterm delivery compared to Caucasian women [5].The reasons for this disparity are poorly understood. This limits the ability to predict and prevent preterm delivery in the most high-risk populations.


Assessment Of Factors Preventing Adequate Decline In Cervical Cancer Rates Amongst Minority Women In New Jersey, Rosie Wenrich, Jillian Baker 2021 Rowan University

Assessment Of Factors Preventing Adequate Decline In Cervical Cancer Rates Amongst Minority Women In New Jersey, Rosie Wenrich, Jillian Baker

Stratford Campus Research Day

Background

• Nationally declining cervical cancer rates are still high amongst minority women in NJ, with Hispanic women being affected the most.

• The Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection and can lead to cervical cancer

• Administration of the 9-valent HPV vaccine can prevent infection and progression to cancer

• Regular cervical cancer screenings allow for better outcomes

• Various barriers prevent people with a cervix receiving the vaccine

• Various barriers prevent people with a cervix aged >/= 30 from receiving regular cervical cancer screenings

Conclusions

  • Improved physician recommendation is required for the HPV vaccine and HPV testing

• Improved outreach ...


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