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De-Airing Method Of An Axial Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device Influences Post-Operative Lactate Dehydrogenase Levels: A Possible Explanation For Some Episodes Of Pump Thrombosis, Daizo Tanaka, Saif Rizvi, Andrew Boyle, MD, John W..C. Entwistle 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

De-Airing Method Of An Axial Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device Influences Post-Operative Lactate Dehydrogenase Levels: A Possible Explanation For Some Episodes Of Pump Thrombosis, Daizo Tanaka, Saif Rizvi, Andrew Boyle, Md, John W..C. Entwistle

The VAD Journal

Background

Pump thrombosis (PT) is a relatively uncommon but serious complication of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). We believe that de-airing of the HeartMate II (HMII) with the pump turned on and a clamp across the outflow graft may lead to early thrombus formation due to heat generation on the bearings.

Methods

Patients who underwent HMII implantation from November 2012 to February 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were separated into two groups depending on the timing of removing the clamp from the outflow graft. Patients in Group 1 underwent de-airing by turning on the pump with the vascular clamp ...


The Epidemiology Of Infective Endocarditis Among People Who Inject Drugs In London, Ontario., Brian Hallam 2018 The University of Western Ontario

The Epidemiology Of Infective Endocarditis Among People Who Inject Drugs In London, Ontario., Brian Hallam

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Infective endocarditis is an infectious disease that affects the valves of the heart. Injection drug use is currently a leading risk factor among patients with endocarditis. We conducted a prospective study using data from hospital chart records among patients with endocarditis in London, Ontario, which has a relatively high prevalence of people who inject drugs to assess the severity of the issue and the major risk factors of mortality pertaining to this population. This study had a sample size of 353 and included a review of the incidence of admissions of endocarditis, as well as a survival analysis, using both ...


Predictors Of Patient Activation At Acs Hospital Discharge And Health Care Utilization In The Subsequent Year, Rebecca L. Kinney 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Predictors Of Patient Activation At Acs Hospital Discharge And Health Care Utilization In The Subsequent Year, Rebecca L. Kinney

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Background. AHA guidelines have been established to reduce Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS)-related morbidity, mortality and recurrent events post-discharge. These recommendations emphasize the patient as an engaged member of the health care team in secondary prevention efforts. Patients with high levels of activation are more likely to perform activities that will promote their own health and are more likely to have their health care needs met. Despite evidence and strong expert consensus supporting patients as active collaborators in their own ACS care, the complexity and unexpected realities of self-managing one’s care at home are often underestimated. This study seeks ...


Application Of Photovoice With Focus Groups To Explore Dietary Behaviors Of Older Filipino Adults With Cardiovascular Disease, Jane Jih, Trish La Chica, Luisa M. Antonio, Ofelia O. Villero, Mary N. Roque, Joseph R. Domingo, Joshua F. Landicho, Anna M. Napoles, Celia P. Kaplan, Tung T. Nguyen 2018 University of California San Francisco

Application Of Photovoice With Focus Groups To Explore Dietary Behaviors Of Older Filipino Adults With Cardiovascular Disease, Jane Jih, Trish La Chica, Luisa M. Antonio, Ofelia O. Villero, Mary N. Roque, Joseph R. Domingo, Joshua F. Landicho, Anna M. Napoles, Celia P. Kaplan, Tung T. Nguyen

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Filipino Americans have high rates of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This study explored the dietary behaviors, a modifiable risk factor, of Filipinos with CVD. Filipinos with CVD were recruited and trained to do Photovoice. Participants took photos to depict their “food experience,” defined as their daily dietary activities. Participants then shared their photos during focus groups. Focus group transcripts were analyzed using an iterative, grounded theory approach. Among 38 Filipino participants, the mean age was 70 years old and all were foreign-born. Major themes included efforts to retain connection to Filipino culture through food, and dietary habits shaped by cultural health ...


Blood Pressure And Job Domains Among Hotel Housekeepers, Marie-Anne Sanon Rosemberg PhD, MN, RN, Bidisha Ghosh Ms., John Shaver BSN, Maria Militzer MA, Julia Seng PhD, CNM, FAAN, Marjorie C. McCullagh PhD, RN, APHN-BC, COHN-S, FAAOHN, FAAN 2018 University of Michigan

Blood Pressure And Job Domains Among Hotel Housekeepers, Marie-Anne Sanon Rosemberg Phd, Mn, Rn, Bidisha Ghosh Ms., John Shaver Bsn, Maria Militzer Ma, Julia Seng Phd, Cnm, Faan, Marjorie C. Mccullagh Phd, Rn, Aphn-Bc, Cohn-S, Faaohn, Faan

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Hotel housekeepers have challenging working conditions, putting them at risk for poor health such as hypertension. Despite their risks, few studies have measured their blood pressure (BP). The purpose of this study was to explore hotel housekeepers’ blood pressure and the associations between work and BP. Methods: A community engagement approach was used to recruit study participants. Data sources included questionnaires, and BP measurement. Results: Over 25% of the 39 hotel housekeepers reported hypertension diagnosis and/or antihypertensive medication used. Across the job domains, job satisfaction was correlated with diastolic BP, and workload was correlated with systolic BP. There were ...


Safety And Efficacy Of Routine Bridging Anticoagulation For Subtherapeutic Anticoagulation In Outpatients With A Left Ventricular Assist Device, David C. Shisler, Gaurang N. Vaidya, Lori Muncy, Rajakrishnan Vijayakrishnan, Mark S. Slaughter, Emma J. Birks, Dmitry Abramov 2018 University of Louisville

Safety And Efficacy Of Routine Bridging Anticoagulation For Subtherapeutic Anticoagulation In Outpatients With A Left Ventricular Assist Device, David C. Shisler, Gaurang N. Vaidya, Lori Muncy, Rajakrishnan Vijayakrishnan, Mark S. Slaughter, Emma J. Birks, Dmitry Abramov

The VAD Journal

Background

Anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists is vital to prevent pump thrombosis in patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs). However, the safety and efficacy of bridging anticoagulation for the routine management of subtherapeutic international normalized ratio (INR) in stable outpatients remains poorly characterized.

Methods

In this retrospective study, a total of 60 LVAD outpatients had 110 episodes of subtherapeutic INR noted on routine testing. 34 of these episodes were managed with parenteral bridging anticoagulation and 76 were managed with only an adjusted dose of warfarin. The rates of bleeding and thromboembolic adverse events following these episodes of subtherapeutic INR ...


Gastritis Induced St Segment Elevation On Electrocardiogram, Obadah Aqtash, Ahmed Amro, Ala Gabi, Amal Sobeih, Dr. Mehiar El-Hamdani, Ellen A. Thompson 2018 Marshall University

Gastritis Induced St Segment Elevation On Electrocardiogram, Obadah Aqtash, Ahmed Amro, Ala Gabi, Amal Sobeih, Dr. Mehiar El-Hamdani, Ellen A. Thompson

Ellen A. Thompson

ST segment elevation on an electrocardiogram (EKG) is an alarming finding that warrants an urgent coronary angiogram. Early diagnosis and intervention is extremely important in the setting of Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) to prevent irreversible myocardium damage and reduce the mortality rate. However, it is very important to know that not all ST- Elevations (STE) on EKG are due to myocardial infraction. Etiologies can be divided into cardiac and non-cardiac causes. Cardiac causes can include coronary aneurysm and acute pericarditis while non-cardiac causes can include acute cholecystitis and pulmonary embolism. In this paper, we are presenting a unique case of ...


Gastritis Induced St Segment Elevation On Electrocardiogram, Obadah Aqtash, Ahmed Amro, Ala Gabi, Amal Sobeih, Dr. Mehiar El-Hamdani, Ellen A. Thompson 2018 Marshall University

Gastritis Induced St Segment Elevation On Electrocardiogram, Obadah Aqtash, Ahmed Amro, Ala Gabi, Amal Sobeih, Dr. Mehiar El-Hamdani, Ellen A. Thompson

Marshall Journal of Medicine

ST segment elevation on an electrocardiogram (EKG) is an alarming finding that warrants an urgent coronary angiogram. Early diagnosis and intervention is extremely important in the setting of Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) to prevent irreversible myocardium damage and reduce the mortality rate. However, it is very important to know that not all ST- Elevations (STE) on EKG are due to myocardial infraction. Etiologies can be divided into cardiac and non-cardiac causes. Cardiac causes can include coronary aneurysm and acute pericarditis while non-cardiac causes can include acute cholecystitis and pulmonary embolism. In this paper, we are presenting a unique case of ...


Pathophysiology Of Infective Endocarditis (Ie) Associated With Intravenous Drug Use, Kaleigh Cline 2018 Otterbein University

Pathophysiology Of Infective Endocarditis (Ie) Associated With Intravenous Drug Use, Kaleigh Cline

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

Intravenous drug use (IVDU) is an activity that has the potential of devastating outcomes and affects individuals all over the world. One potential outcome a patient using IV drugs may experience is infective endocarditis (IE). This poster details the significance of IE, its underlying pathophysiology, significance of pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, and nursing implications.


Role Of Echocardiography In The Intensive Care Unit: Overview Of The Most Common Clinical Scenarios, Luca Longobardo, Concetta Zito, Scipione Carerj, Giuseppe Caracciolo, Bijoy K. Khandheria 2018 University of Messina

Role Of Echocardiography In The Intensive Care Unit: Overview Of The Most Common Clinical Scenarios, Luca Longobardo, Concetta Zito, Scipione Carerj, Giuseppe Caracciolo, Bijoy K. Khandheria

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

The intensive care unit (ICU) is among the more important settings in which echocardiography plays a pivotal role. The ease of use, speed of execution, and completeness of information on heart anatomy and function that echocardiography is able to provide makes this tool the perfect diagnostic technique in patients for whom exhaustive information must be quickly obtained by physicians who sometimes lack specific skills in cardiovascular imaging. However, the clinical entities encountered by ICU clinicians are often difficult to distinguish and patient symptoms may not be obvious. This brief review describes three common clinical scenarios that benefit from echocardiography in ...


A Humanized Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Model To Elucidate Molecular Mechanism In Disease Pathology, Ragavi Vijayakumar, Maxine Hong 2018 NUS High School of Mathematics and Science

A Humanized Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Model To Elucidate Molecular Mechanism In Disease Pathology, Ragavi Vijayakumar, Maxine Hong

The International Student Science Fair 2018

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), that clinically manifests as an enlarged heart is a highly prevalent cardiac disorder with propensity towards arrhythmia-induced sudden cardiac death. The mechanism of HCM remains poorly defined, necessitating further understanding of the disease for improved therapeutic strategies. As it is challenging to obtain cardiac biopsies from human subjects, using induced pluripotent stem cells technology, we generated cardiomyocytes (CMs) in a dish from HCM patients. These HCM-CMs presented the clinical manifestation in that they were significantly larger in size in comparison to control (healthy)-CMs. Furthermore, gene expression profiling of cardiac ion channels revealed increased transcripts encoding for ...


A Humanized Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Model To Elucidate Molecular Mechanism In Disease Pathology, Ragavi Vijayakumar, Maxine Hong 2018 NUS High School of Mathematics and Science

A Humanized Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Model To Elucidate Molecular Mechanism In Disease Pathology, Ragavi Vijayakumar, Maxine Hong

The International Student Science Fair 2018

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), that clinically manifests as an enlarged heart is a highly prevalent cardiac disorder with propensity towards arrhythmia-induced sudden cardiac death. The mechanism of HCM remains poorly defined, necessitating further understanding of the disease for improved therapeutic strategies. As it is challenging to obtain cardiac biopsies from human subjects, using induced pluripotent stem cells technology, we generated cardiomyocytes (CMs) in a dish from HCM patients. These HCM-CMs presented the clinical manifestation in that they were significantly larger in size in comparison to control (healthy)-CMs. Furthermore, gene expression profiling of cardiac ion channels revealed increased transcripts encoding for ...


Review Of Kawasaki Disease, Rani Shah, Hisham Hirzallah, Munes Fares, Ashwini Mallad, Gudjon Karlsson, Mehiar El-Hamdani 2018 Marshall University

Review Of Kawasaki Disease, Rani Shah, Hisham Hirzallah, Munes Fares, Ashwini Mallad, Gudjon Karlsson, Mehiar El-Hamdani

Hisham Hirzallah

Abstract

Background: Kawasaki disease is one of the leading causes of acquired heart disease in children. It is an acute self-limited vasculitis that predominantly affects infants and children younger than 5 years of age. These patients present with nonspecific symptoms, such as fever and lymphadenopathy, making the diagnosis challenging. This disease can have serious and potentially fatal outcomes, and prompt recognition of this disease is vital to the patient’s outcome. We present a complete review of the disease, including the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of acute Kawasaki disease, the natural history of this disease, and follow up of ...


Indexed Left Atrial Adipose Tissue Area Is Associated With Severity Of Atrial Fibrillation And Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence Among Patients Undergoing Catheter Ablation, Saket R. Sanghai, Mayank Sardana, Barinder Hansra, Darleen M. Lessard, Seth T. Dahlberg, Gerard P. Aurigemma, Timothy P. Fitzgibbons, David D. McManus 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Indexed Left Atrial Adipose Tissue Area Is Associated With Severity Of Atrial Fibrillation And Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence Among Patients Undergoing Catheter Ablation, Saket R. Sanghai, Mayank Sardana, Barinder Hansra, Darleen M. Lessard, Seth T. Dahlberg, Gerard P. Aurigemma, Timothy P. Fitzgibbons, David D. Mcmanus

Open Access Articles

Background: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) has been associated with adverse left atrial (LA) remodeling and atrial fibrillation (AF) outcomes, possibly because of paracrine signaling.

Objectives: We examined factors associated with a novel measure of EAT i.e., indexed LAEAT (iLAEAT) and its prognostic significance after catheter ablation (CA) of atrial fibrillation (AF).

Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of 274 participants with AF referred for CA. LAEAT area was measured from a single pre-ablation CT image and indexed to body surface area (BSA) to calculate iLAEAT. Clinical, echocardiographic data and 1-year AF recurrence rates after CA were compared across tertiles ...


Association Of Religiosity And Spirituality With Quality Of Life In Patients With Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review, Hawa Abu, Christine M. Ulbricht, Eric Y. Ding, Jeroan J. Allison, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Robert J. Goldberg, Catarina I. Kiefe 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Association Of Religiosity And Spirituality With Quality Of Life In Patients With Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review, Hawa Abu, Christine M. Ulbricht, Eric Y. Ding, Jeroan J. Allison, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Robert J. Goldberg, Catarina I. Kiefe

Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations

Purpose: This review systematically identified and critically appraised the available literature that has examined the association between religiosity and/or spirituality (R/S) and quality of life (QOL) in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Methods: We searched several electronic online databases (PubMed, SCOPUS, PsycINFO, and CINAHL) from database inception until October 2017. Included articles were peer-reviewed, published in English, and quantitatively examined the association between R/S and QOL. We assessed the methodological quality of each included study.

Results: The 15 articles included were published between 2002 and 2017. Most studies were conducted in the US and enrolled patients with ...


Varicosities Affecting The Lower Limb Veins Consequent To A Unique Variant Drainage Pattern Of The Small Saphenous Vein, Shauna Mary Rice, Elke Sarah Schipani, Ana Maleesa Rae Santos, Katherine Anais Sadaniantz, Prithwijit Roychowdhury, Eustathia Lela Giannaris, Manas Das 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Varicosities Affecting The Lower Limb Veins Consequent To A Unique Variant Drainage Pattern Of The Small Saphenous Vein, Shauna Mary Rice, Elke Sarah Schipani, Ana Maleesa Rae Santos, Katherine Anais Sadaniantz, Prithwijit Roychowdhury, Eustathia Lela Giannaris, Manas Das

Radiology Publications and Presentations

We report varicosities affecting the right deep femoral vein and the right femoral vein consequent to a unique unilateral variation in the course of the small saphenous vein. The right small saphenous vein, instead of draining into the popliteal vein at the popliteal fossa, expanded considerably in girth and thickness and continued as the deep femoral vein. The deep femoral vein then pierced the adductor magnus muscle, appeared in the anterior compartment, and joined the femoral vein. Four centimeters distal to this junction, a two-centimeter long varicosity in the deep femoral vein was noted. There was also a one-centimeter long ...


Inertial Sensor-Based Variables Are Indicators Of Frailty And Adverse Post-Operative Outcomes In Cardiovascular Disease Patients, Rahul Soangra, Thurmon E. Lockhart 2018 Chapman University

Inertial Sensor-Based Variables Are Indicators Of Frailty And Adverse Post-Operative Outcomes In Cardiovascular Disease Patients, Rahul Soangra, Thurmon E. Lockhart

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) patients with intrinsic cardiac cause for falling have been found to be frail and submissive to morbidity and mortality as post-operative outcomes. In these older CVD patients, gait speed is conjectured by the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) as an independent predictor of post-operative morbidity and mortality. However, this guideline by STS has not been studied adequately with a large sample size; rather it is based largely on expert opinions of cardiac surgeons and researchers. Although one’s gait speed is not completely associated with one’s risk of falls, gait speed is a quick robust measure ...


Plasma Circulating Extracellular Rnas In Left Ventricular Remodeling Post-Myocardial Infarction, Kirsty M. Danielson, Kahraman Tanriverdi, Jane E. Freedman, Saumya Das 2018 Harvard Medical School

Plasma Circulating Extracellular Rnas In Left Ventricular Remodeling Post-Myocardial Infarction, Kirsty M. Danielson, Kahraman Tanriverdi, Jane E. Freedman, Saumya Das

Open Access Articles

Despite substantial declines in mortality following myocardial infarction (MI), subsequent left ventricular remodeling (LVRm) remains a significant long-term complication. Extracellular small non-coding RNAs (exRNAs) have been associated with cardiac inflammation and fibrosis and we hypothesized that they are associated with post-MI LVRm phenotypes. RNA sequencing of exRNAs was performed on plasma samples from patients with "beneficial" (decrease LVESVI > /=20%, n=11) and "adverse" (increase LVESVI > /=15%, n=11) LVRm. Selected differentially expressed exRNAs were validated by RT-qPCR (n=331) and analyzed for their association with LVRm determined by cardiac MRI. Principal components of exRNAs were associated with LVRm phenotypes post-MI ...


Study Of Early After Depolarization In A Complex Human Cardiac Cell Model In Tissue, Abouzar Kaboudian, Yanyan Claire Ji, Elizabeth M. Cherry, Flavio H. Fenton 2018 Georgia Institute of Technology

Study Of Early After Depolarization In A Complex Human Cardiac Cell Model In Tissue, Abouzar Kaboudian, Yanyan Claire Ji, Elizabeth M. Cherry, Flavio H. Fenton

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Efficacy And Safety Of Direct Oral Anticoagulants Approved For Cardiovascular Indications: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Raghavendra Charan Makam, David C. Hoaglin, David D. McManus, Victoria Wang, Joel M. Gore, Frederick A. Spencer, Richeek Pradhan, Hoang Tran, Hong Yu, Robert J. Goldberg 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Efficacy And Safety Of Direct Oral Anticoagulants Approved For Cardiovascular Indications: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Raghavendra Charan Makam, David C. Hoaglin, David D. Mcmanus, Victoria Wang, Joel M. Gore, Frederick A. Spencer, Richeek Pradhan, Hoang Tran, Hong Yu, Robert J. Goldberg

Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have emerged as promising alternatives to vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) for patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) or venous thromboembolism (VTE). Few meta-analyses have included all DOACs that have received FDA approval for these cardiovascular indications, and their overall comparisons against VKAs have shortcomings in data and methods. We provide an updated overall assessment of the efficacy and safety of those DOACs at dosages currently approved for NVAF or VTE, in comparison with VKAs.

METHODS: We used data from Phase 3 randomized trials that compared an FDA-approved DOAC with VKA for primary prevention of stroke ...


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