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Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications Commons

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Case Report: Uterine Torsion – A Rare Cause Of Right Lower Quadrant Pain, David Ho, James Jung Lee, James Espinosa 2023 Rowan University

Case Report: Uterine Torsion – A Rare Cause Of Right Lower Quadrant Pain, David Ho, James Jung Lee, James Espinosa

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Uterine torsions are very rare. In an article by Matsumoto et al published in 2021, only 25 cases have been documented on PubMed in non-gravid females in the past 20 years. Uterine torsion is defined as rotation of the uterus greater than 45 degrees in the long axis. Rotation can occur anywhere between 45 degrees to 180 degrees. The torsion can be due to a congenital anomaly or an obstetrics emergency such as with an ovarian torsion. Uterine torsions presenting as an obstetrics emergency carries the potential for irreversible ischemic damage to the uterus, and just as in ovarian torsion, …


The Vaginal Microbiome Post-Menopause And Urinary Tract Infections, Rifke Anolik, Julia Kiffel, Venkateswar Venkataman 2023 Rowan University

The Vaginal Microbiome Post-Menopause And Urinary Tract Infections, Rifke Anolik, Julia Kiffel, Venkateswar Venkataman

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Background: Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is a condition where pathogens invade the urinary tract and can travel up the urethra and into the bladder. UTIs occur more commonly in females compared to males and in the post-menopausal population this rate increases significantly. While these infections may be asymptomatic, they can also cause severe discomfort and lead to serious and even life threatening complications. Recent investigation into the vaginal microbiome has opened the doors to a possible mechanism behind the increased incidence of UTIs after menopause. Understanding the pathogenesis behind the increased risk of UTIs in the postmenopausal state will allow …


Ureterocutaneous Fistula In Setting Of Recurrent Gluteal Abscesses: A Case Report, Catherine Alapatt, Young Son, Benjamin Fink, Brian Thomas, Sean Coulson, Shawon Akanda, Jacob Thatcher, Thomas Mueller 2023 Rowan University

Ureterocutaneous Fistula In Setting Of Recurrent Gluteal Abscesses: A Case Report, Catherine Alapatt, Young Son, Benjamin Fink, Brian Thomas, Sean Coulson, Shawon Akanda, Jacob Thatcher, Thomas Mueller

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Ureteral fistulas are a rare occurrence that can arise from iatrogenic trauma, radiation, malignancy, and inflammation. Treatment options of urinary tract fistulas are handled on a case-by-case basis and can necessitate a surgical approach. We present the case of an 85-year-old patient with a ureterocutaneous fistula where conservative management with PCN is a viable alternative to surgical intervention.


The Effects Of Prenatal Buprenorphine Exposure On The Neurobehavioral Development Of The Child, Zaineb Zubair, Maryam Zubair, Juan Alonso, Abdullah Zubair 2023 Rowan University

The Effects Of Prenatal Buprenorphine Exposure On The Neurobehavioral Development Of The Child, Zaineb Zubair, Maryam Zubair, Juan Alonso, Abdullah Zubair

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Background: Current guidelines for pregnant women with substance use disorder advise prenatal maintenance of opioid agonist therapy with either buprenorphine or methadone. Despite this rise in prenatal opioid agonist therapy, little is known about the effect of prenatal buprenorphine on the neurobehavioral development of the child. This poses the question: does buprenorphine have a long-lasting effect on the central and peripheral nervous system development and behavior of children who were exposed prenatally?

Methods: A comprehensive literature review identified articles relating to prenatal buprenorphine and neurobehavioral outcomes. Article searches were conducted on PubMed and Dynamed. Publications from 2002 through November 2021 …


Sexual Dimorphism Of Glomerular Capillary Morphology In Rats, Zackarias Coker 2023 East Tennessee State University

Sexual Dimorphism Of Glomerular Capillary Morphology In Rats, Zackarias Coker

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) progresses faster in males than females; however, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Sex differences in glomerular capillary morphology has been hypothesized to contribute, in part, to the increased susceptibility to hypertension-induced renal injury and CKD progression in males, but this has not been investigated. The goal of the present study was to assess glomerular capillary morphology in male vs. female rats with intact kidneys and after uninephrectomy (UNX). We hypothesized that glomerular capillary radii (RCAP) and length (LCAP) would be greater in male rats.

Male (n=4) and female (n=4) with intact …


Diagnosis Of Urinary Tract Infections And Rapid Molecular Characterization Of Antibiotic Resistance, Mohammed Harris 2023 Clemson University

Diagnosis Of Urinary Tract Infections And Rapid Molecular Characterization Of Antibiotic Resistance, Mohammed Harris

All Dissertations

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common infectious clinical entities in both community and hospital settings. They have a broad range of clinical severity yet inflict large epidemiological burden of morbidity and mortality on patients and the healthcare system with billions of dollars in cost of treatment. Understanding what methods are optimal for diagnosing UTIs are critical to mitigate the marked impact and cost of these infections.

Chapter 1 and 2 in this work surveys the broad array of diagnostic modalities for UTIs and highlights their advantages and limitations in the context of the current standard of …


51-Year-Old Female With Epistaxis And Generalized Weakness For 2 Months Diagnosed With Rpgn, Meihuan Lin 2023 HCA Healthcare

51-Year-Old Female With Epistaxis And Generalized Weakness For 2 Months Diagnosed With Rpgn, Meihuan Lin

North Texas GME Research Forum 2023

Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN)’s clinical presentation including acute onset of macroscopic hematuria, decreased urine output, acute onset of hypertension, and edema. Other clinical findings include nephritis presentation on urine analysis with proteinuria, micro and macroscopic hematuria, red blood cells, dysmorphic RBC and RBC casts. Pathological findings characterized extensive crescent formation. Untreated patients can rapidly progress to end-stage kidney disease over a very short periods (days to months). Renal biopsy can further differentiate the types of crescentic glomerulonephritis. There are three major types of RPGN: 1. Anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) disease cause by anti-GBM antibodies. It is also associated with pulmonary …


Platelets In Preeclamptic Pregnancies Fail To Exhibit The Decrease In Mitochondrial Oxygen Consumption Rate Seen In Normal Pregnancies, Joseph Kim, Andrew Malinow, Rosemary Schuh 2023 HCA Healthcare

Platelets In Preeclamptic Pregnancies Fail To Exhibit The Decrease In Mitochondrial Oxygen Consumption Rate Seen In Normal Pregnancies, Joseph Kim, Andrew Malinow, Rosemary Schuh

North Texas GME Research Forum 2023

Cellular oxygen consumption and lactate production rates have been measured in both placental and myometrial cells to study obstetrics-related disease states such as preeclampsia. Platelet metabolic alterations indicate systemic bioenergetic changes that can be useful as disease biomarkers. We tested the hypothesis that platelet mitochondria display functional alterations in preeclampsia. Platelets were harvested from women in the third trimester of either a healthy, non-preeclamptic or preeclamptic pregnancy, and from healthy, non-pregnant women. Using Seahorse respirometry, we analyzed platelets for oxygen consumption (OCR) and extracellular acidification (ECAR) rates, indicators of mitochondrial electron transport and glucose metabolism, respectively. There was a 37% …


Intraoperative Management Of Vasa Previa During Cesarean Delivery, Nicholas Sheets 2023 HCA Healthcare

Intraoperative Management Of Vasa Previa During Cesarean Delivery, Nicholas Sheets

South Atlantic Division GME Research Day 2023

No abstract provided.


A Case Of An African American Female Presenting With Idiopathic Granulomatous Lobular Mastitis, Wendy Timirau, Esra Sari, Maham Shahid, Nilmarie Guzman, Augusto Villegas 2023 HCA Healthcare

A Case Of An African American Female Presenting With Idiopathic Granulomatous Lobular Mastitis, Wendy Timirau, Esra Sari, Maham Shahid, Nilmarie Guzman, Augusto Villegas

South Atlantic Division GME Research Day 2023

No abstract provided.


Delivery Of The Immune System: Understanding The Development Of The Human Immune System Based On Birth Mode, Sara Abbas 2023 Arcadia University

Delivery Of The Immune System: Understanding The Development Of The Human Immune System Based On Birth Mode, Sara Abbas

Faculty Curated Undergraduate Works

The creation of the immune system starts from the womb. The expecting mother plays an immense role outside of the genetic influence in developing a neonate’s immune system. The mode of birth has a substantial impact, as the neonate’s initial moments can have lasting impacts on the making of a proper immune system. A mother should have the choice in choosing between a vaginal birth or a cesarean section and this paper looks to provide aid in the decision process by contrasting the two modes in terms of immunological impact, especially as the rate of c-sections climb (1,2). The approach …


Hpv-Related Anal Cancer Is Associated With Changes In The Anorectal Microbiome During Cancer Development, Jacob H. Elnaggar, Victoria O. Huynh, Daniel Lin, R. Tyler Hillman, Chike O. Abana, Molly B. El Alam, Katarina C. Tomasic, Tatiana V. Karpinets, Ramez Kouzy, Jae L. Phan, Jennifer Wargo, Emma B. Holliday, Prajnan Das, Melissa P. Mezzari, Nadim J. Ajami, Erica J. Lynn, Bruce D. Minsky, Van K. Morris, Andrea Milbourne, Craig A. Messick, Ann H. Klopp, P. Andrew Futreal, Cullen M. Taniguchi, Kathleen M. Schmeler, Lauren E. Colbert 2023 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

Hpv-Related Anal Cancer Is Associated With Changes In The Anorectal Microbiome During Cancer Development, Jacob H. Elnaggar, Victoria O. Huynh, Daniel Lin, R. Tyler Hillman, Chike O. Abana, Molly B. El Alam, Katarina C. Tomasic, Tatiana V. Karpinets, Ramez Kouzy, Jae L. Phan, Jennifer Wargo, Emma B. Holliday, Prajnan Das, Melissa P. Mezzari, Nadim J. Ajami, Erica J. Lynn, Bruce D. Minsky, Van K. Morris, Andrea Milbourne, Craig A. Messick, Ann H. Klopp, P. Andrew Futreal, Cullen M. Taniguchi, Kathleen M. Schmeler, Lauren E. Colbert

School of Graduate Studies Faculty Publications

Background: Squamous cell carcinoma of the anus (SCCA) is a rare gastrointestinal cancer. Factors associated with progression of HPV infection to anal dysplasia and cancer are unclear and screening guidelines and approaches for anal dysplasia are less clear than for cervical dysplasia. One potential contributing factor is the anorectal microbiome. In this study, we aimed to identify differences in anal microbiome composition in the settings of HPV infection, anal dysplasia, and anal cancer in this rare disease. Methods: Patients were enrolled in two prospective studies. Patients with anal dysplasia were part of a cross-sectional cohort that enrolled women with high-grade …


Evaluating The Role Of Lvi As An Indicator For Adverse Outcomes In Patients With Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma And Its Histological Subtypes, Ivan Rakic, Matthew Davis, Nicholas Corsi, Alexander Stephens, Chase Morrison, Sohrab Arora, Taylor Malchow, Akshay Sood, Craig Rogers, Firas Abdollah 2023 Wayne State University

Evaluating The Role Of Lvi As An Indicator For Adverse Outcomes In Patients With Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma And Its Histological Subtypes, Ivan Rakic, Matthew Davis, Nicholas Corsi, Alexander Stephens, Chase Morrison, Sohrab Arora, Taylor Malchow, Akshay Sood, Craig Rogers, Firas Abdollah

Medical Student Research Symposium

Lymphvascular invasion (LVI) is recognized as an adverse prognostic factor in many cancers. Our aim is to assess the prognostic ability of LVI in UTUC urothelial carcinoma (UC) and micropapillary urothelial carcinoma (MPUC) subtypes as a predictor of overall survival (OS) using a large North American cohort.

Our cohort included 9750 cM0 UTUC patients who underwent a radical nephroureterectomy (RNU), between 2004 and 2015, within the National Cancer Database (NCDB). The main variable of interest was LVI status, and its interaction with pathological nodal (pN) status. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to estimate the OS. Cox regression analysis tested the impact …


Factors Associated With Suicide Mortality Among Childbearing-Aged Individuals: A Case-Control Study, Katerina A. Furman, Amy Loree PhD, Leah Hecht PhD, Katerina Furman MD Candidate, Lyuba Gavrilova BS, Hsueh-Han Yeh PhD, Catherine Frank MD, Brian Ahmedani PhD 2023 Wayne State University

Factors Associated With Suicide Mortality Among Childbearing-Aged Individuals: A Case-Control Study, Katerina A. Furman, Amy Loree Phd, Leah Hecht Phd, Katerina Furman Md Candidate, Lyuba Gavrilova Bs, Hsueh-Han Yeh Phd, Catherine Frank Md, Brian Ahmedani Phd

Medical Student Research Symposium

Purpose: Examine pregnancy-related, demographic, psychosocial and healthcare utilization factors among childbearing-aged individuals who were pregnant, postpartum or who experienced pregnancy loss

Methods: Data from nine health care systems in the Mental Health Research Network was included in this sample. A case-control study design was used in which 290 childbearing-age individuals who died by suicide (cases) from 2000-2015 were matched with 10 childbearing-age individuals from the same healthcare system and enrolled during the same time period who did not die by suicide (n=2,900). Conditional logistic regression was used to analyze associations between pregnancy/postpartum/pregnancy loss status and suicide.

Results: …


Sulopenem For The Treatment Of Complicated And Uncomplicated Bacterial Urinary Tract Infection (Uti), Aiyi Chen, Thanh-Liem Vu, Daniel J. Yang, Landon Olsen 2023 Roseman University of Health Sciences

Sulopenem For The Treatment Of Complicated And Uncomplicated Bacterial Urinary Tract Infection (Uti), Aiyi Chen, Thanh-Liem Vu, Daniel J. Yang, Landon Olsen

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


The Effectiveness Of Pay-It-Forward In Addressing Hpv Vaccine Delay And Increasing Uptake Among 15–18-Year-Old Adolescent Girls Compared To User-Paid Vaccination: A Study Protocol For A Two-Arm Randomized Controlled Trial In China, Yifan Li, Chuanyu Qin, Shengyue Qiu, Yu He, Linchuan Pang, Xiaolan Xu, Vivian Wan-Cheong Yim, Shenglan Tang, Heng Du, Wenfeng Gong, Fan Yang, Joseph D. Tucker, Weiming Tang, Yun Wang, Leesa Lin, Mark Jit, Wei Song, Chunrong Li, Jennifer Smith, Jing Li, Dan Wu 2023 Sichuan University

The Effectiveness Of Pay-It-Forward In Addressing Hpv Vaccine Delay And Increasing Uptake Among 15–18-Year-Old Adolescent Girls Compared To User-Paid Vaccination: A Study Protocol For A Two-Arm Randomized Controlled Trial In China, Yifan Li, Chuanyu Qin, Shengyue Qiu, Yu He, Linchuan Pang, Xiaolan Xu, Vivian Wan-Cheong Yim, Shenglan Tang, Heng Du, Wenfeng Gong, Fan Yang, Joseph D. Tucker, Weiming Tang, Yun Wang, Leesa Lin, Mark Jit, Wei Song, Chunrong Li, Jennifer Smith, Jing Li, Dan Wu

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination could prevent cervical and other HPV-associated cancers attributable to vaccine-associated HPV types. However, HPV vaccination coverage among women aged 9–18 years old is low in China. Common barriers include poor financial affordability, minimal public engagement, and low confidence in domestically produced HPV vaccines. Pay-it-forward offers an individual a free or subsidized service then an opportunity to voluntarily donate and/or create a postcard message to support future people. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of pay-it-forward as compared to standard-of-care self-paid vaccination to improve HPV vaccine uptake among adolescent girls aged 15–18 years, who are …


Bundle Up To Improve Cauti, Jennifer Anderson, Valorie Dearmon 2023 University of South Alabama

Bundle Up To Improve Cauti, Jennifer Anderson, Valorie Dearmon

DNP Manuscripts

Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infections (CAUTIs) are a leading cause of healthcare acquired infections. Strong evidence for CAUTI best practices exists, however, the struggle to translate best practice evidence into everyday practice remains a challenge. Catheter associated urinary tract infection rates continue to be a problem despite organizational efforts to implement best practice guidelines; the challenge is to effectively translate and embed best practices into everyday practice. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) will no longer reimburse hospitals for expenses associated with hospital acquired CAUTI; moreover, hospitals are subject to penalties for high rates of hospital acquired CAUTIs. …


The Impact Of Physical Activity Education During Pregnancy, Lizeth Banuchi 2023 Southern Adventist University

The Impact Of Physical Activity Education During Pregnancy, Lizeth Banuchi

DNP Research Projects

Abstract

Background: Physical Activity (PA) during pregnancy is important to maintain optimal maternal and neonatal health. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) requires close monitoring during pregnancy due to the health risk it can cause to mother and fetus. It is evident that PA can help improve maternal health outcomes to positively offer overall wellness throughout the pregnancy.

Objective: The purpose of this Quality Improvement Project (QIP) is to evaluate the impact of PA education on PA implementation during pregnancy and improve clinical practice for healthcare providers to introduce PA education during prenatal care per ACOG and CESP guidelines.

Method: This quality …


Examining Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Educational Resources: Patient And Provider Perspectives, Allison F. Peebles, Morgan E. Cooley, Rose A. Maxwell 2023 Wright State University

Examining Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Educational Resources: Patient And Provider Perspectives, Allison F. Peebles, Morgan E. Cooley, Rose A. Maxwell

Student Scholarship

Objective: To analyze the effectiveness of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) education as well as patient and provider confidence in education practices. Study

Design: Women with a diagnosis of GDM who delivered at Miami Valley Hospital were included in the study. Patients were asked to complete a questionnaire to evaluate their knowledge and confidence in managing their GDM. Providers were asked to complete a questionnaire to provide their perspective on patient education related to GDM.

Results: Patients correctly identified 66% of the correct ways that GDM affects maternal health, fetal health, and pregnancy complications. Patients felt empowered by their education and …


Efficacy And Safety Of Vibegron For The Treatment Of Overactive Bladder In Women: A Subgroup Analysis From The Double-Blind, Randomized, Controlled Empowur Trial, Diane K. Newman DNP, Elizabeth Thomas MS, Heather Greene MPH, Cornelia Haag-Molkenteller MD, Susann Varano MD 2023 Sacred Heart University

Efficacy And Safety Of Vibegron For The Treatment Of Overactive Bladder In Women: A Subgroup Analysis From The Double-Blind, Randomized, Controlled Empowur Trial, Diane K. Newman Dnp, Elizabeth Thomas Ms, Heather Greene Mph, Cornelia Haag-Molkenteller Md, Susann Varano Md

Physician Assistant Studies Faculty Publications

Importance The international phase 3 EMPOWUR trial demonstrated efficacy and safety of vibegron, a newer b3-adrenergic receptor agonist, in adults with overactive bladder (OAB). Women are disproportionately affected by OAB, especially those with bothersome symptoms, such as urge urinary incontinence (UUI). Objective This subgroup analysis from EMPOWUR assessed efficacy and safety of vibegron in women. Study Design In EMPOWUR, patients with OAB were randomized 5:5:4 to 12 weeks of treatment with once-daily vibegron 75 mg, placebo, or tolterodine 4-mg extended release. Efficacy end points included change from baseline at week 12 in mean daily number of micturitions, UUI episodes, and …


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