The Efficacy Of Mirnas As A Diagnostic Tool For Endometriosis, 2021 Arcadia University
The Efficacy Of Mirnas As A Diagnostic Tool For Endometriosis, Maura Franey
Introduction: Endometriosis is a chronic inflammatory gynecological condition. Laparoscopic abdominopelvic exploration is the gold standard of diagnosis, but is not performed until patients experience severe symptoms. This review analyzes the levels of circulating micro-RNAs (miRNAs) (I) for diagnosis of endometriosis (O) in women diagnosed with endometriosis (P) compared to laparoscopic exploration (C).
Methods: A literature search was conducted through PubMed and Cochrane Library in November 2019. A total of nine articles consisting of case-control or systematic reviews were selected based on publication date, main outcome, and the use of miRNAs or laparoscopy for diagnosis of endometriosis.
Results: The eight …
Efficacy Of Anti-Mullerian Hormone In The Diagnosis Of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, 2021 Arcadia University
Efficacy Of Anti-Mullerian Hormone In The Diagnosis Of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, Cassidy Prewitt
Introduction: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a complex condition that presents with a wide variety of symptoms. The PCOS diagnosis standard is the Rotterdam criteria, which includes hyperandrogenism, oligo-anovulation, and polycystic ovarian morphology (PCOM). Transvaginal ultrasounds have traditionally been used to evaluate PCOM, however, they are highly dependent on technician skill. This paper will evaluate research regarding the use of anti-Mullerian (AMH) in PCOS diagnosis as an alternative to transvaginal ultrasound.
Methods: A literature search was conducted using PubMed and Academic Search Ultimate in January 2020. A total of eight articles were selected based on relevance to the research topic …
Association Of Parity With Birthweight And Neonatal Death In Five Sites: The Global Network's Maternal Newborn Health Registry Study, 2020 Instituto de Nutrición de Centroamérica y Panamá, Guatemala City, Guatemala
Association Of Parity With Birthweight And Neonatal Death In Five Sites: The Global Network's Maternal Newborn Health Registry Study, Ana Garces, Wilton Perez, Margo S. Harrison, Kay S. Hwang, Tracy L. Nolen, Robert L. Goldenberg, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Adrien Lokangaka, Sarah Saleem
Community Health Sciences
Background: Nulliparity has been associated with lower birth weight (BW) and other adverse pregnancy outcomes, with most of the data coming from high-income countries. In this study, we examined birth weight for gestational age z-scores and neonatal (28-day) mortality in a large prospective cohort of women dated by first trimester ultrasound from multiple sites in low and middle-income countries.
Methods: Pregnant women were recruited during the first trimester of pregnancy and followed through 6 weeks postpartum from Maternal Newborn Health Registry (MNHR) sites in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Guatemala, Belagavi and Nagpur, India, and Pakistan from 2017 and …
Maternal Mortality In Six Low And Lower-Middle Income Countries From 2010 To 2018: Risk Factors And Trends, 2020 University of North Carolina School of Medicine, USA.
Maternal Mortality In Six Low And Lower-Middle Income Countries From 2010 To 2018: Risk Factors And Trends, Melissa Bauserman, Vanessa R. Thorsten, Tracy L. Nolen, Jackie Patterson, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Archana B. Patel, Patricia L. Hibberd, Sarah Saleem, Saleem Jessani
Community Health Sciences
Background: Maternal mortality is a public health problem that disproportionately affects low and lower-middle income countries (LMICs). Appropriate data sources are lacking to effectively track maternal mortality and monitor changes in this health indicator over time.
Methods: We analyzed data from women enrolled in the NICHD Global Network for Women's and Children's Health Research Maternal Newborn Health Registry (MNHR) from 2010 through 2018. Women delivering within research sites in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Guatemala, India (Nagpur and Belagavi), Kenya, Pakistan, and Zambia are included. We evaluated maternal and delivery characteristics using log-binomial models and multivariable models to obtain relative …
Institutional Deliveries And Stillbirth And Neonatal Mortality In The Global Network's Maternal And Newborn Health Registry, 2020 Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
Institutional Deliveries And Stillbirth And Neonatal Mortality In The Global Network's Maternal And Newborn Health Registry, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Norman Goco, Manjunath S. Somannavar, Avinash Kavi, Sunil S. Vernekar, Antoinette Tshefu, Elwyn Chomba, Ana L. Garces, Sarah Saleem, Farnaz Naqvi
Community Health Sciences
Background: Few studies have shown how the move toward institutional delivery in low and middle-income countries (LMIC) impacts stillbirth and newborn mortality.
Objectives: The study evaluated trends in institutional delivery in research sites in Belagavi and Nagpur India, Guatemala, Kenya, Pakistan, and Zambia from 2010 to 2018 and compared them to changes in the rates of neonatal mortality and stillbirth.
Methods: We analyzed data from a nine-year interval captured in the Global Network (GN) Maternal Newborn Health Registry (MNHR). Mortality rates were estimated from generalized estimating equations controlling for within-cluster correlation. Cluster-level analyses were performed to assess the association between …
Why Are The Pakistani Maternal, Fetal And Newborn Outcomes So Poor Compared To Other Low And Middle-Income Countries?, 2020 Columbia University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.
Why Are The Pakistani Maternal, Fetal And Newborn Outcomes So Poor Compared To Other Low And Middle-Income Countries?, Aleha Aziz, Sarah Saleem, Tracy L. Nolen, Nousheen Akber Pradhan, Elizabeth M. Mcclure, Saleem Jessani, Ana L. Garces, Patricia L. Hibberd, Janet L. Moore, Sameen Siddiqi
Community Health Sciences
Background: Pakistan has among the poorest pregnancy outcomes worldwide, significantly worse than many other low-resource countries. The reasons for these differences are not clear. In this study, we compared pregnancy outcomes in Pakistan to other low-resource countries and explored factors that might help explain these differences.
Methods: The Global Network (GN) Maternal Newborn Health Registry (MNHR) is a prospective, population-based observational study that includes all pregnant women and their pregnancy outcomes in defined geographic communities in six low-middle income countries (India, Pakistan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Guatemala, Kenya, Zambia). Study staff enroll women in early pregnancy and follow-up soon after …
Gender Variations In Neonatal And Early Infant Mortality In India And Pakistan: A Secondary Analysis From The Global Network Maternal Newborn Health Registry, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
Gender Variations In Neonatal And Early Infant Mortality In India And Pakistan: A Secondary Analysis From The Global Network Maternal Newborn Health Registry, Zubair H. Aghai, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Archana Patel, Sarah Saleem, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Avinash Kavi, Parth Lalakia, Farnaz Naqvi, Patricia L. Hibberd, Elizabeth M. Mcclure
Community Health Sciences
Background: To determine the gender differences in neonatal mortality, stillbirths, and perinatal mortality in south Asia using the Global Network data from the Maternal Newborn Health Registry.
Methods: This study is a secondary analysis of prospectively collected data from the three south Asian sites of the Global Network. The maternal and neonatal demographic, clinical characteristics, rates of stillbirths, early neonatal mortality (1-7 days), late neonatal mortality (8-28 days), mortality between 29-42 days and the number of infants hospitalized after birth were compared between the male and female infants.
Results: Between 2010 and 2018, 297,509 births [154,790 males (52.03%) and 142,719 …
Multiomics Characterization Of Preterm Birth In Low- And Middle-Income Countries, 2020 Agha Khan University
Multiomics Characterization Of Preterm Birth In Low- And Middle-Income Countries, Fyezah Jehan, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Muhammad Ilyas, Usma Mehmood, Aneeta Hotwani, Ambreen Nizar, Sajid Muhammad, Waqasuddin Khan, Javairia Khalid, Furqan Kabir
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health
Importance: Worldwide, preterm birth (PTB) is the single largest cause of deaths in the perinatal and neonatal period and is associated with increased morbidity in young children. The cause of PTB is multifactorial, and the development of generalizable biological models may enable early detection and guide therapeutic studies.
Objective: To investigate the ability of transcriptomics and proteomics profiling of plasma and metabolomics analysis of urine to identify early biological measurements associated with PTB.
Design, setting, and participants: This diagnostic/prognostic study analyzed plasma and urine samples collected from May 2014 to June 2017 from pregnant women in 5 biorepository cohorts in …
The Effect Of Mtor Inhibitor Rapamycin On A Dietary Drosophila Melanogaster Model Of Calcium Oxalate Nephrolithiasis, 2020 The University of Western Ontario
The Effect Of Mtor Inhibitor Rapamycin On A Dietary Drosophila Melanogaster Model Of Calcium Oxalate Nephrolithiasis, Michael T. Pignanelli
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Impaired cellular tolerance of reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been suggested as a common mechanistic link associated with aging in both metabolic syndrome and nephrolithiasis. The mechanistic (mammalian) target of rapamycin (mTOR) activity is characteristic of metabolic syndrome. When nutrients are abundant, mTOR is active. Conversely, fasting inhibits mTOR. Metabolic syndrome is correlated with an increased risk of self-reported or imaging findings of nephrolithiasis. At the individual level, patients with a higher BMI have an increased prevalence of recurrent symptomatic nephrolithiasis, 24-hour urinary excretion of oxalate, sodium, uric acid, calcium, and phosphorous as well as lower pH. Calcium oxalate crystals …
Diagnosis Of A Longitudinal Vaginal Septum And Possible Uterus Didelphys Secondary To Coital Injury With An Artificial Phallus, Lauren Sword, Olga Marie Colon-Mercado, James Baron, Mark Sanchez, Tiffany R. Tonismae, Nicole L. Plenty
See attached document for abstract.
Amniotic Fluid Embolism And The Possible Protective Effects Of Heterozygous Factor V Leiden: A Case Report, Sanela Andelija, Olga M. Colon-Mercado, Kevin Rivera Rodriguez, Jessica A. Young, Greg Den Haese
Background: Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a rare and commonly fatal obstetric emergency theorized to trigger an inflammatory reaction much like the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) of sepsis, leading to vascular constriction and coagulation. This often results in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), cardiopulmonary arrest, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), and death. With similar theorized mechanisms, we suspect factors that may modify mortality in sepsis may also modify mortality in AFE. Specifically, we ask if alterations in the coagulation cascade of heterozygous Factor V Leiden mutation (FVL+/-) can decrease mortality as seen in studies with severe sepsis. The following case …
Beyond The Skin: A Case Report Of Vaginal Melanoma, 2020 Joan C Edwards School of Medicine, Marshall University
Beyond The Skin: A Case Report Of Vaginal Melanoma, Brittany Gilbert, Wm Tanner Gilbert, Ardeshir Hakam, Lynne J. Goebel
Marshall Journal of Medicine
Mucosal melanomas are rare, accounting for only 1.4% of all melanomas. Only 18% of mucosal melanomas are vulvovaginal in origin, making it exceedingly rare. Mucosal melanomas typically carry a worse prognosis than those arising from cutaneous sites with a higher risk of recurrence and disseminated disease. We report a rare case of vaginal melanoma presenting as postmenopausal bleeding and discuss management of this disease.
Validation Of An Endometrial Tumor Diameter Model For Risk Assessment In The Absence Of Lymph Node Mapping, 2020 Brooke Army Medical Center
Validation Of An Endometrial Tumor Diameter Model For Risk Assessment In The Absence Of Lymph Node Mapping, Mckayla J. Riggs, Callie M. Cox Bauer, Caela R. Miller, James K. Aden, Scott A. Kamelle
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
Purpose: This study aimed to assess the optimal tumor diameter for predicting lymphatic metastasis and to determine intraoperatively the need for lymph node dissection in patients with endometrioid endometrial cancer.
Methods: Military beneficiaries diagnosed with stage I–III endometrioid endometrial cancer during 2003–2016 who had at least 7 pelvic and/or paraaortic lymph nodes removed during the time of hysterectomy were studied. Tumor diameter was compared against the presence of positive nodes, using the prior models of 20 mm (ie, Mayo model) and 50 mm (ie, Milwaukee model), to determine the false-negative rate of each threshold. A separate analysis was completed to …
Contraceptive Methods In The United States: The Question Of Abortive Mechanisms, 2020 Liberty University
Contraceptive Methods In The United States: The Question Of Abortive Mechanisms, Tara Ferenczy
Senior Honors Theses
This thesis reviews the many methods of contraception available in the United States. Although society’s understanding of women’s health has become a major topic, there is still a significant deficit of information regarding how the accessible methods affect women’s bodies, specifically reproductive tissue. The thesis analyzes numerous contraceptive options focusing specifically on the mechanisms of action to determine whether options have abortifacient properties so that readers may develop educated opinions regarding medical and ethical uses. Information involving strengths and limitations of each technique and the effects on both the female body and the reproductive material assist in understanding the process …
Role Of Oxidative Stress And Altered Thyroid Hormones In Unexplained Infertility, 2020 Aga Khan University
Role Of Oxidative Stress And Altered Thyroid Hormones In Unexplained Infertility, Rehana Rehman, Hiba Ismail Rajpar, Mussarat Ashraf, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Salima Lalani, Faiza Alam
Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences
Objective: To explore the link between altered thyroid profile and oxidative stress marker in females with unexplained infertility.
Methods: The cross-sectional case-control study was carried out at the Islamabad Clinic Serving Infertile Couples, Islamabad, Pakistan, from June 2016 to August 2017, and comprised women aged 18-40 years regardless of ethnic background who were divided into two groups; those with unexplained infertility were the cases, while fertile women acted as the controls. Serum was analysed for triiodothyronine, thyroxine and thyroid stimulating hormone as well as for oxidative stress markers including manganese superoxide dismutase, glutathione reductase and adrenaline using enzymelinked immunosorbent assay. …
Reducing Overtreatment Of Urinalysis In Obstetric Triage Patients, 2020 Marshall University School of Medicine
Reducing Overtreatment Of Urinalysis In Obstetric Triage Patients, Emelia Winston, Rachel Marteney, Erin Casey, Kevin Conway
Marshall Journal of Medicine
Overtreatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) is a major issue that has been coming to the forefront in recent decades. Studies have shown that it can lead to adverse side effects, extra costs and antimicrobial resistance. The purpose of this study was to determine the number of patients presenting to obstetric triage who were over treated for a urinalysis (UA), and if an educational intervention could reduce the incidence of overtreatment for suspected ASB. This was a retrospective chart review analyzing UA results and outcomes of OB triage patients that came through labor and delivery before and after an educational intervention.Two …
Developing A Virus-Like Particle (Vlp)-Based Vaccine For Neisseria Gonorrhoeae, 2020 The University of New Mexico
Developing A Virus-Like Particle (Vlp)-Based Vaccine For Neisseria Gonorrhoeae, Ashvini Vaidya
Biomedical Sciences ETDs
Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Ng) is a sexually transmitted bacterium that infects human reproductive mucosal surfaces. Due to the risk of complications in untreated cases and evolving antibiotic resistance, a prophylactic vaccine is critical for preventing infection. There are four Ng outer-membrane proteins that contribute to Ng survival and resistance: PorB, BamA, TbpA, and MtrE. Each protein contains surface-exposed loops that are targets of bactericidal antibodies. Vaccines were developed by displaying Ng epitopes on the surface of bacteriophage virus-like particles (VLP). VLPs are immunogenic, multivalent, self-assembling complexes composed of viral structural proteins. Antigenic peptide sequences can be displayed on the surface …
Impact Of Parity On Gait Biomechanics, 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst
Impact Of Parity On Gait Biomechanics, Bekah P. Stein
Background: Symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) is an incurable condition that affects nearly 50% of adults, and women are twice as likely as men to develop OA. Throughout pregnancy, women experience large changes in morphology and gait mechanics, as well as changes in joint loading. It is possible these adaptations could cause lasting changes postpartum, which may potentially contribute to initiation of OA, thereby increasing the overall risk of OA for women.
Purpose: This exploratory study looked to identify differences between lower limb gait mechanics of healthy nulliparous women and healthy parous women.
Methods: 28 healthy female participants …
Nutrient Sensing Pathways Mediating Igfbp1 Phosphorylation In Fgr, 2020 The University of Western Ontario
Nutrient Sensing Pathways Mediating Igfbp1 Phosphorylation In Fgr, Shapnil Bhuiyan
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Impairment of fetal oxygen levels and nutrient delivery contributes to fetal growth restriction (FGR), which affects 20% of pregnancies. Such cellular stress induces hepatic Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein 1 (IGFBP1) phosphorylation, which sequesters Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 (IGF-I) and markedly reduces fetal growth signaling. IGFBP1 hyperphosphoryaltion in hypoxia is mediated through the mTOR signaling pathway and through the Amino Acid Response (AAR) pathway during amino acid deprivation. Hypoxia stimulates upstream mTORC1 regulators, AMPK and REDD1 which are well-established upstream regulators of one of the two mTOR complexes, mTORC1. The molecular mechanisms by which upstream mTORC1-driven processes regulate IGFBP1 phosphorylation …
A School-Based Sexual Health Education Program, 2020 Abilene Christian University
A School-Based Sexual Health Education Program, Tracy L. Kendall
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
A small rural community has high incidence rates of chlamydia (4,751 per 100,000) and gonorrhea (970 per 100,000) in females 15–24 years old. Data obtained from Texas Health and Human Services showed that incidence rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea in females 15–24 years old were higher in Navarro County, Texas, than the state of Texas. Texas schools do not mandate sex health education. There is a gap in school-based sexual health education available to 18- and 19-year-old females residing in this rural community in Texas. The purpose of this research study was to evaluate the impact of school-based sexual health …