Detecting, Preventing, And Treating Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Adolescent Arrestees: An Unmet Public Health Need, 2019 Montclair State University
Detecting, Preventing, And Treating Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Adolescent Arrestees: An Unmet Public Health Need, Christopher Salvatore, Steven Belenko, Richard Dembo, Matthew Rollie, Kristina Childs
Studies of detained and incarcerated adolescent offenders in the United States indicate that these juveniles have an elevated risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). However, many more arrestees enter the “front end” of the juvenile justice system that is detained or incarcerated, and research into the STD risk profiles and service needs of this larger group is lacking. An expansion of STD testing (including of asymptomatic youths), prevention, and treatment is needed, as is improved knowledge about gender- and race-specific services. A pilot program in Florida has shown that juvenile justice and public health systems can collaborate to implement STD …
Addressing Postpartum Smoking Relapse Among Low-Income Women: A Randomized Control Trial, 2019 Wisconsin Women's Health Foundation
Addressing Postpartum Smoking Relapse Among Low-Income Women: A Randomized Control Trial, Kristine Alaniz, Bruce Christiansen, Tingting Sullivan, Lisette Khalil, Michael C. Fiore
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
Purpose: Smoking during pregnancy can have dire consequences for both the baby and mother. Low-income pregnant women smoke at particularly high rates. Among women who quit during pregnancy, postpartum relapse is high. This randomized control trial tested the effect of adding postpartum assistance to an existing smoking cessation program (First Breath) designed for low-income women.
Methods: Of 185 study participants, 94 women were randomly assigned to the standard First Breath program (control) and 91 to an enhanced program. First Breath consisted of evidence-based smoking cessation counseling provided at every prenatal visit. The enhanced program included all First Breath services plus …
Just Another Labor Epidural, 2019 HCA Healthcare
Just Another Labor Epidural, Whitney King Do, William B. Smith
A 32 year-old healthy pregnant patient with no significant past medical history who presented to the hospital for delivery of fetus status post intrauterine fetal death. Vaginal delivery with epidural placement was initially the mother’s preference. Fetal movement last felt 4 days prior. The patients H&P and laboratory findings revealed early stages DIC. Patient underwent Caesarean delivery with general anesthesia, the OB physician found the patient to have Couvelaire uterus, a form of placental abruption. The patient’s uterus was atonic requiring multiple units of blood products. Case assessed indications for epidural placement versus general anesthesia.
Endometriosis: The Etiology And Recommended Treatment, 2019 Ohio Northern University
Endometriosis: The Etiology And Recommended Treatment, Amanda Lovell, Kasie Bellmann, Kelsey Fink, Jessica Beck, Michelle Musser
Pharmacy and Wellness Review
Endometriosis is a gynecological condition that occurs in women between the ages of 15 and 49 years, in which endometrial cells grow outside the uterus. Normally, endometrial cells form the endometrium and respond to hormones throughout the menstrual cycle, but when endometrial cells are located outside the endometrium, painful bleeding and other side effects may occur. Treatment of endometriosis is usually symptomatic relief, including the use of oral contraceptives and other hormone replacement options, as well as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. To ensure that patients receive the appropriate treatment for this condition, pharmacists should be able to recognize the signs and …
An Update On Gestational Diabetes, 2019 Ohio Northern University
An Update On Gestational Diabetes, Jamie L. Amero, Jennifer L. Bauer, Sarah M. Webb, Ryan A. Fischer, Lindsey A. Hallman, Sandra L. Hrometz
Pharmacy and Wellness Review
Gestational diabetes is a concern for a large number of pregnant women due to the potential for long-term complications for both the mother and the fetus. With the increasing prevalence of obesity and diabetes in the general public, the number of pregnant women with undiagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus has also increased. In order to adequately educate their patients, it is important for pharmacists to be aware of the general practices of treating gestational diabetes. This review will highlight recent updates to initial screening, the criteria for diagnosing gestational diabetes, and current management strategies.
Exploration Of Factors Associated With Perceived Barriers To Cervical Cancer Screening Among Chinese American Women, 2019 University of Nevada, Reno
Exploration Of Factors Associated With Perceived Barriers To Cervical Cancer Screening Among Chinese American Women, Wei-Chen Tung, Minggen Lu, Michelle Granner, Jiani Mcdonough, Susan Ervin
This study explored factors associated with perceived barriers to Pap smear testing among Chinese American women (CAW). A total of 121 CAW, ages 21–65, living in California and Nevada completed a self-report questionnaire. Data included demographics, prior screening behavior, risk factors, and perceived barriers to screening. Logistic regression models revealed that participants with less education, and who have never been screened were more likely to report (I) worry about getting a Pap smear, (II) expense of a Pap smear, and (III) not knowing where to get a Pap smear. Partner’s resistance to the women’s participation in screening was another barrier …
Individual Free Fatty Acids Have Unique Associations With Inflammatory Biomarkers, Insulin Resistance And Insulin Secretion In Healthy And Gestational Diabetic Pregnant Women., Xinhua Chen, T Peter Stein, Robert A Steer, Theresa O Scholl
Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship
Objective: We investigated the relationships of maternal circulating individual free fatty acids (FFA) with insulin resistance, insulin secretion and inflammatory biomarkers during mid-pregnancy.
Research design and methods: The data were drawn from a prospective cohort of generally healthy pregnant women (n=1368, African-American 36%, Hispanic 48%, Caucasian 16%) in Camden, NJ. We quantitatively determined 11 FFAs, seven cytokine/adipokine, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and C-peptide levels from the fasting blood samples that were collected at 16 weeks of gestation. Multivariate analyses were performed along with separate analyses for each individual FFA.
Results: High HOMA-IR (p
Conclusion: Our results suggest …
Something Has Fallen: Pelvic Organ Prolapse Or Vaginal Cuff Dehiscence And Evisceration? A Case Report., Alexandra Nutaitis, Laurie Kane M.D.
Stratford Campus Research Day
SOMETHING HAS FALLEN: PELVIC ORGAN PROLAPSE OR VAGINAL CUFF DEHISCENCE AND EVISCERATION? A CASE REPORT.
Learning Objectives: 1) Recognize late presenting complications of hysterectomy. 2) Include vaginal cuff dehiscence with evisceration (VCDE) in the differential diagnosis of women suspected of having acute pelvic organ prolapse (POP).3) Appreciate the relative rarity of VCDE in younger women.
Case Summary: A 36 year old G0P0 female presented to the ED with a chief complaint of sudden onset excruciating epigastric pain, followed by diarrhea and visible vaginal bulge. Pertinent past medical and surgical history includes breast cancer diagnosed 15 months prior, status post bilateral …
Group A Beta-Hemolytic Streptococcus Toxic Shock Syndrome Following Elective Termination Of Pregnancy: A Review Of Current Literature And Recommendations, Shannon Alexa Do, Jandie Schwartz Do
Stratford Campus Research Day
Group A Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome (STSS) occurs as a subset of invasive Group A Streptococcal (GAS) infections accounting for roughly 10% of cases yearly. Of those, Puerpural Streptococcal infections occur only 0.5/10,000 live births but has a mortality rate of nearly 38% if management does not occur early1,3,4. Despite the overall lower incidence of disease when compared to noninvasive forms, infection rates have started to rise over the last 10 years making it a necessity that practitioners be able to efficiently diagnose and treat infection. Presented here is the case of a 30 year old female who …
Potential Role Of Extracellular Atp Released By Bacteria In Bladder Infection And Contractility, 2019 The University of Western Ontario
Potential Role Of Extracellular Atp Released By Bacteria In Bladder Infection And Contractility, Behnam Abbasian
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Urgency urinary incontinence (UUI), the result of conditions such as overactive bladder (OAB), could potentially be influenced by both commensal and urinary tract infection-associated bacteria. The sensing of bladder filling involves interplay between various parts of the nervous system eventually resulting in contraction of the detrusor muscle during micturition. Here we model host responses to various urogenital bacteria, firstly by using urothelial bladder cell lines and then with myofibroblast contraction assays. To measure responses, we examined calcium influx, gene expression and alpha smooth muscle actin deposition assays. We found that organisms such as Escherichia coli IA2 and Gardnerella vaginalis ATCC …
Successful Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation In The Management Of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome And Cardiopulmonary Collapse Secondary To Amniotic Fluid Embolism, 2019 Rochester General Hospital
Successful Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation In The Management Of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome And Cardiopulmonary Collapse Secondary To Amniotic Fluid Embolism, Sumon Roy, Nishit A. Biniwale, Venkata S. Pendela, Patricia Oates, Katrina Wojciechowski, Scott C. Feitell
The VAD Journal
Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is one of the most devastating complications of pregnancy that typically manifests as acute cardiopulmonary collapse during delivery or in the postpartum period. The potential role of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) as a management technique in severe cases of AFE remains largely unknown given the limited literature available. In this report, we present the first case, to our knowledge, of successful implementation of ECMO as a life-saving measure in a case of hemorrhagic shock due to postpartum bleeding complicated by severe AFE leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) ultimately requiring tracheostomy. Hemodynamic decompensation is often …
Comparing Rates Of Macrosomia And Neonatal Hypoglycemia Of Differing Treatment Modalities Of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, 2019 University of North Dakota
Comparing Rates Of Macrosomia And Neonatal Hypoglycemia Of Differing Treatment Modalities Of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Ashleigh Milbrath
Physician Assistant Scholarly Project Posters
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a known potential complication that can occur during pregnancy. Unmanaged GDM can result in maternal hyperglycemia, which can cause increased neonatal complications, two of which are macrosomia and neonatal hypoglycemia. To prevent maternal hyperglycemia, treatment of GDM typically begins with dietary changes, home glucose monitoring, increased exercise patterns and other lifestyle modifications. However, if maternal hyperglycemia persists after two weeks of maternal lifestyle modifications, there are not current best practice guidelines established for the treatment of GDM. Historically, subcutaneous multiple daily dosed insulin (MDI) has been the gold standard for treatment after lifestyle modification. However, …
Aspirin Use Following Preeclampsia To Prevent Future Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes, 2019 University of North Dakota
Aspirin Use Following Preeclampsia To Prevent Future Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes, Kristi Bohlig
Physician Assistant Scholarly Project Posters
• Introduction: Preeclampsia during pregnancy warrants therapy with low dose aspirin. The purpose of this review is to investigate if these women are at increased future risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and if aspirin therapy prevents future cardiovascular events.
• Research Questions: Do women who had preeclampsia during pregnancy have increased future cardiovascular morbidity and mortality? • Does continued aspirin use in postpartum women, who had preeclampsia during pregnancy; decrease future cardiovascular morbidity and mortality?
• Research Methods: Literature review was conducted utilizing CINAHL, Dynamed plus and PubMed databases.
• Discussion: Many studies have found that preeclampsia does increase …
Comparing Screening And Treatment Of Bacterial Vaginosis And Pregnancy Outcomes, 2019 University of North Dakota
Comparing Screening And Treatment Of Bacterial Vaginosis And Pregnancy Outcomes, Stephanie Severson
Physician Assistant Scholarly Project Posters
• Evidence shows that bacterial vaginosis (BV) can lead to poor perinatal outcomes.
• The goal of this project is to answer the question of which pregnant patients should be screened for BV and does identification and treatment of BV during pregnancy improve perinatal outcomes.
• Due to variability in a multitude of factors, a generalized recommendation is difficult to make. Lack of recommendations are largely due to harm of treatment in those who were misdiagnosed.
• The development of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has the capability to reduce misdiagnosis.
• Newer studies have shown benefit of early screening and …
A Population-Based Analysis Of Patient Age And Other Disparities In The Treatment Of Ovarian Cancer In Central Appalachia And Kentucky, Robert Ore
Theses and Dissertations--Clinical Research Design
Objectives: Adherence to National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines for ovarian cancer treatment improves patient outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess disparities associated with ovarian cancer treatment in the state of Kentucky and central Appalachia.
Methods: Data on patients diagnosed as having ovarian cancer from 2007 through 2011 were extracted from administrative claims-linked Kentucky Cancer Registry data. NCCN compliance was defined by stage, grade, surgical procedure, and chemotherapy. Selection criteria were reviewed carefully to ensure data quality and accuracy. Descriptive analysis, logistic regression, and Cox regression analyses were performed to examine factors associated with guidelines compliance and …
Educating Patients On Screening Guidelines And Expectations For Well-Woman Examinations, 2019 University of Vermont
Educating Patients On Screening Guidelines And Expectations For Well-Woman Examinations, Cyrus Maxim Jalai
Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects
Female patients seeing primary care in rural settings often do not seek out specialized care from a practicing OB/GYN, favoring instead to utilize their family practitioner to respond to their complaints. As such, it would be effective to work to educate these patients at their well-women examinations on routine screenings, immunizations, and health maintenance methods they should expect based on their presenting age. A handout simplifying and synthesizing the main screening and general health guidelines for annual well-women examinations may be helpful for female patients using primary care practitioners as their source for obstetric and gynecologic care.
Dysmenorrhea Among High-School Students And It's Associated Factors In Kuwait, 2019 Old Dominion University
Dysmenorrhea Among High-School Students And It's Associated Factors In Kuwait, Sharefah Al-Matouq, Hessah Al-Mutairi, Ohood Al-Mutairi, Fatima Abdulaziz, Dana Al-Basri, Mona Al-Enzi, Abdullah Al-Taiar
Community & Environmental Health Faculty Publications
Although dysmenorrhea is not a life-threatening condition, it can cause a substantial burden on individuals and communities. There is no data on the prevalence of dysmenorrhea in Kuwait. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of dysmenorrhea among female public high-school students in Kuwait and investigate factors associated with dysmenorrhea.
A cross-sectional study using multistage cluster sampling with probability proportional to size method was conducted on 763 twelfth grade female public high-school students (aged 16–21 years). We used face-to-face interview with a structured questionnaire to collect data on dysmenorrhea and presumed risk factors. Weight and height of the …
The Role Of Non-Neuronal Acetylcholine In Urogenital Chlamydial Infection, 2018 East Tennessee State University
The Role Of Non-Neuronal Acetylcholine In Urogenital Chlamydial Infection, Jessica R. Lockhart
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Chlamydia trachomatiscauses a bacterial sexually transmitted infection, Chlamydia, that is often chronic and casues reproductive complications in women. We hypothesized that Chlamydia infection increases local acetylcholine (ACh) production, which regulates the host’s inflammatory response to the infection. Female mice infected with C. muridarumwere sacrificed at days 3, 9, 15, and 21 post-infection, genital tract tissues harvested, and immunohistochemistry performed to enumerate ACh-producing cells. Infection increased the number of ACh-producing cells in cervical tissue at days 3,15, and 21 post-infection (pi), uterine tissue at day 3 and 9 pi, and ovarian tissue day 3, 15, and 21 pi. These …
Influence Of Body Mass Index And Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome On Icsi/Ivf Treatment Outcomes: A Study Conducted In Pakistani Women, Rehana Rehman, Rozina Mustafa, Rabiya Ali, Saeeda Shaharyar, Faiza Alam
Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences
Background: Obesity may establish a crucial barrier for effective fertility treatment in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) females.
Objective: To compare results of intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in females with and without polycystic ovarian syndrome and further appraise the effect of obesity in PCOS females.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study from June 2015 to July 2016 included non-PCOS and PCOS (recognized by Rotterdam criteria) females who underwent ICSI. The PCOS were further stratified into non-obese and Obese according to the South Asian criteria for body mass index. Results were categorized on the basis of beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) and transvaginal …
Atypical Presentation Of Obstructed Hemivagina And Ipsilateral Renal Anomaly, 2018 George Washington University
Atypical Presentation Of Obstructed Hemivagina And Ipsilateral Renal Anomaly, Christopher Grant, Christopher E. Bayne, N. Kern, Craig A. Peters
Urology Faculty Publications
Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich Syndrome, otherwise known as obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal anomaly (OHVIRA), is a rare Müllerian anomalyconsisting of uterine didelphys, hemivaginal septum, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. Patients often present at the onset of menarche with abdominal pain and a pelvic mass from an obstructed hemivagina. We report a child who presented with a febrile urinary tract infection and upon further workup was found to have OHVIRA.