Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

370 Full-Text Articles 1,130 Authors 112,682 Downloads 98 Institutions

All Articles in Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications

Faceted Search

370 full-text articles. Page 6 of 17.

Bilateral Teratomas In Pediatric Patient With Unilateral Ovarian Torsion, David Ho, Maya Borowczak, Archana Verma 2022 Rowan University

Bilateral Teratomas In Pediatric Patient With Unilateral Ovarian Torsion, David Ho, Maya Borowczak, Archana Verma

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Ovarian torsion is a surgical emergency found in both pediatric and adult populations. It involves the full or partial rotation of the vessels that supply the ovary, resulting in ischemia. In this report, we present the case of a pediatric patient arriving to the Pediatric Emergency Department (PED) for evaluation of right lower quadrant (RLQ) abdominal pain, who was found to have an ovarian torsion. In this particular case, the patient’s ovarian torsion was due to a teratoma, and imaging would later identify an additional smaller teratoma on the contralateral side. This case shows the importance of considering ovarian pathologies …


The Role Of Mitochondrial Dysfunction In Causing Hypertension During Pregnancy As Observed In The Rupp Model Of Preeclampsia, Michael Franks 2022 University of Mississippi

The Role Of Mitochondrial Dysfunction In Causing Hypertension During Pregnancy As Observed In The Rupp Model Of Preeclampsia, Michael Franks

Honors Theses

Preeclampsia (PE) is a disease characterized by new-onset hypertension in the third trimester of pregnancy, endothelial dysfunction, and placental ischemia. Contributory to these characteristics are circulating factors such as agonistic autoantibodies to the angiotensin I type II receptor (AT1-AA), CD4+ T cells, natural killer cells (NK), and oxidative stress, which I will show to contribute to renal and placental mitochondrial dysfunction during pregnancy. The adoptive transfer of CD4+ T cells from the Reduced Uterine Perfusion Pressure (RUPP) rat model of PE to a healthy normal pregnant rat has been shown to result in many of these characteristics, including AT1-AA production. …


Hyperammonemia Of Unknown Cause In A Young Postpartum Woman: A Case Report, Sadaf Hanif, Sher Muhammad Sethi 2022 Aga Khan University

Hyperammonemia Of Unknown Cause In A Young Postpartum Woman: A Case Report, Sadaf Hanif, Sher Muhammad Sethi

Section of Internal Medicine

Background: Hyperammonemia is a medical condition described as increased or elevated serum ammonia levels. High serum levels of ammonia can cause neurotoxicity. Sudden onset severe hyperammonemia may cause severe encephalopathy with brain damage. It can result in cerebral edema, emesis, seizures, hypotonia, and death. We report a young postpartum woman who had a sudden rise in serum ammonia levels after vaginal delivery.
Case presentation: A 24-year-old, married, postpartum Pakistani woman was admitted to the intensive care unit through the emergency department, with complaints of fever, severe abdominal pain with distension, and altered levels of consciousness. The patient had a medical …


Understanding The Needs Of A Mobile Phone-Based Telemonitoring Program For Pregnant Women At High Risk For Pre-Eclampsia: Interpretive Qualitative Description Study, Anam Shahil Feroz, Kristina De Vera, Nadia D. Bragagnolo, Sarah Saleem, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Emily Seto 2022 Aga Khan University

Understanding The Needs Of A Mobile Phone-Based Telemonitoring Program For Pregnant Women At High Risk For Pre-Eclampsia: Interpretive Qualitative Description Study, Anam Shahil Feroz, Kristina De Vera, Nadia D. Bragagnolo, Sarah Saleem, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Emily Seto

Community Health Sciences

Background: Lack of early risk detection, diagnosis, and treatment of pregnant women at high risk for pre-eclampsia can result in high maternal mortality and morbidity not only in Pakistan but also in other low- to middle-income countries (LMICs). A potential tool for supporting pregnant women at high risk for pre-eclampsia for early detection is telemonitoring (TM). However, there is a limited body of evidence on end-user needs and preferences to inform the design of the TM programs for pregnant women at high risk for pre-eclampsia, specifically in LMICs such as Pakistan.
Objective: This study aims to explore the needs of …


The Unspoken Grief Of Multiple Stillbirths In Rural Pakistan: An Interpretative Phenomenological Study, Muhammad Asim, Sehrish Karim, Hajra Khwaja, Waqas Hameed, Sarah Saleem 2022 Aga Khan University

The Unspoken Grief Of Multiple Stillbirths In Rural Pakistan: An Interpretative Phenomenological Study, Muhammad Asim, Sehrish Karim, Hajra Khwaja, Waqas Hameed, Sarah Saleem

Community Health Sciences

Background: Pakistan has the highest rate of stillbirth (30.6 stillbirths per 1000 total births) as compared to other South Asian countries. The psychological impact of stillbirths on bereaved women is well documented; however, there is a dearth of literature on lived experiences of women with multiple stillbirths in Pakistan.
Objective: The purpose of this research is to understand the lived experiences of women who had multiple stillbirths in Thatta, Pakistan.
Methods: An interpretative phenomenological study was conducted in district Thatta with eight women who experienced more than one stillbirth. A semi-structured in-depth interview guide was used for data collection. The …


Do Empowered Women Receive Better Quality Antenatal Care In Pakistan? An Analysis Of Demographic And Health Survey Data, Muhammad Asim, Waqas Hameed, Sarah Saleem 2022 Aga Khan University

Do Empowered Women Receive Better Quality Antenatal Care In Pakistan? An Analysis Of Demographic And Health Survey Data, Muhammad Asim, Waqas Hameed, Sarah Saleem

Community Health Sciences

Introduction: Quality antenatal care is a window of opportunity for improving maternal and neonatal outcomes. Numerous studies have shown a positive effect of women empowerment on improved coverage of maternal and reproductive health services, including antenatal care (ANC). However, there is scarce evidence on the association between women's empowerment and improved ANC services both in terms of coverage and quality. Addressing this gap, this paper examines the relationship between multi-dimensional measures of women empowerment on utilization of quality ANC (service coverage and consultation) in Pakistan.
Methods: We used Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2017-18 (PDHS) data which comprises of 6,602 …


Healing Through Mother Earth, Taylor A. Russell 2022 Hollins University

Healing Through Mother Earth, Taylor A. Russell

Dance (MFA) Theses

This thesis deals with mental health, with a focus on Black women. Historically, Black women are often so compromised, being constant caregivers and helping everyone else, that they forget to help themselves, not having the time and financial means to do so. If we go back in the time of slavery, many Black women were taking care of slave owners' children and suckling the white women’s babies instead of their own. By the time they got home and after diligently caring for other people’s children they were focused on their own children, who they had been away from for hours …


Pneumomediastinum Associated With Hyperemesis Gravidarum, Henna Ahsan, Donna Boucher 2022 HCA Healthcare

Pneumomediastinum Associated With Hyperemesis Gravidarum, Henna Ahsan, Donna Boucher

North Florida Division Research Day 2022

No abstract available.


Severe Metformin-Associated Lactic Acidosis In The Setting Of Diabetic Nephropathy, Steven Nevers, Jared Lewis, Omer Farooq 2022 HCA Healthcare

Severe Metformin-Associated Lactic Acidosis In The Setting Of Diabetic Nephropathy, Steven Nevers, Jared Lewis, Omer Farooq

Gulf Coast Division Research Day 2022

No abstract provided.


Postnatal Venous Thrombembolism (Vte) Risk Assessment In Cesarean Section Patients, Mai-Tram Phan, Michelle Ozcan 2022 HCA Healthcare

Postnatal Venous Thrombembolism (Vte) Risk Assessment In Cesarean Section Patients, Mai-Tram Phan, Michelle Ozcan

North Florida Division Research Day 2022

No abstract available.


A Newfound Breach In Repeat Vaginal Delivery: Unscarred Uterine Rupture, Merritt McGowan, Amethyst Wilder, Ashley Hawes 2022 HCA Healthcare

A Newfound Breach In Repeat Vaginal Delivery: Unscarred Uterine Rupture, Merritt Mcgowan, Amethyst Wilder, Ashley Hawes

South Atlantic Division Research Day 2022

No abstract provided.


Vulvodynia: Making The Diagnosis And Improving Treatment Outcomes, Sophia Campbell 2022 Arcadia University

Vulvodynia: Making The Diagnosis And Improving Treatment Outcomes, Sophia Campbell

Capstone Showcase

Vulvodynia is an underdiagnosed condition that affects about 25% of women1. Patients report frustration and a lack of knowledge in the medical community regarding their symptoms of vulvar pain. Painful penetration makes performing an internal pelvic exam difficult, and patients may avoid annual gynecological appointments due to fear. It is imperative for providers to understand and implement the correct approach for accurate diagnosis. Once the diagnosis of vulvodynia has been identified, the multimodal treatment plan should be implemented to include pharmacological therapy, referral to physical therapy, and psychotherapy. With continued research and the use of evidence-based practice, the gap in …


The Clinician’S Approach To Primary Dysmenorrhea: Nutrient And Supplement Modifications, Rachel Albert 2022 Arcadia University

The Clinician’S Approach To Primary Dysmenorrhea: Nutrient And Supplement Modifications, Rachel Albert

Capstone Showcase

As evidence-based practice on health topics and standards continually evolves, it remains the responsibility of the clinicians to seek out data and newly discovered information that may pertain to patient populations. A longstanding issue that clinicians must address is the approach to primary dysmenorrhea. Currently it is estimated that 50% to 90% of the female population in the reproductive age group experiences this condition, making it the most prevalent health related problem among women of these ages. While this number represents a wide range of the population, many women still accept the symptoms of dysmenorrhea as commonplace and therefore do …


Non-Pharmacological Management Of Idiopathic/Persistent Dyspareunia, Iveshia Ford 2022 Arcadia University

Non-Pharmacological Management Of Idiopathic/Persistent Dyspareunia, Iveshia Ford

Capstone Showcase

Painful sexual intercourse, or dyspareunia, is a condition numerous women experience. An unknown, but still important, number of those affected find no relief with medication or surgery. Yet, it can be difficult for patients to discuss concerns with their provider. In addition, many providers do not have an adequate comfort level to discuss such topics. This paper aims to equip providers with non-pharmacological treatment options which include pelvic floor physical therapy, sex therapy and lifestyle changes. With the cultural shifts and changing ideas of sexuality in today’s age, it is important that clinicians remain versed in sexual health and patient …


Still Birth Classification: Application Of Relevant Condition At Death (Recode) Classification System In A Tertiary Care Hospital Of Pakistan, Urooj Kashif, Shelina Bhamani, Asma Patel, Zaheena Shamsul Islam 2022 Aga Khan University

Still Birth Classification: Application Of Relevant Condition At Death (Recode) Classification System In A Tertiary Care Hospital Of Pakistan, Urooj Kashif, Shelina Bhamani, Asma Patel, Zaheena Shamsul Islam

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Objectives: To determine the cause of stillbirth after application of relevant condition at death (ReCoDe) classification system.
Methods: This was a retrospective cross sectional study of 207 women diagnosed with stillbirth after 24 completed weeks of pregnancy at the Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH), Karachi between 1st January 2015 and 31st December 2019. The primary objective was to find the cause of stillbirth according to the new classification of relevant condition at death (ReCoDe).
Results: There were a total of 32413 live births and 207 stillbirths during the study period thus stillbirth rate of 6 per 1000 live births. In …


Non-Pharmacological Management Of Idiopathic/Persistent Dyspareunia, Iveshia Ford 2022 Arcadia University

Non-Pharmacological Management Of Idiopathic/Persistent Dyspareunia, Iveshia Ford

Capstone Showcase

Painful sexual intercourse, or dyspareunia, is a condition numerous women experience. An unknown, but still important, number of those affected find no relief with medication or surgery. Yet, it can be difficult for patients to discuss concerns with their provider. In addition, many providers do not have an adequate comfort level to discuss such topics. This paper aims to equip providers with non-pharmacological treatment options which include pelvic floor physical therapy, sex therapy and lifestyle changes. With the cultural shifts and changing ideas of sexuality in today’s age, it is important that clinicians remain versed in sexual health and patient …


Prevalence And Risk Factors Of Preterm Birth Among Pregnant Women Admitted At The Labor Ward Of The Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Ghana, Enoch Odame Anto, Wina Ivy Ofori Boadu, Stephen Opoku, Ebenzer Senu, Valentine Christian Kodzo Tsatsu Tamakloe, Augustine Tawiah, Frank Ankobea, Emmanuel Acheampong, Agartha Odame Anto, Michael Appiah, Yaw Amo Wiafe, Max Efui Annani-Akollor, Christian Obirikorang, Otchere Addai-Mensah 2022 Edith Cowan University

Prevalence And Risk Factors Of Preterm Birth Among Pregnant Women Admitted At The Labor Ward Of The Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Ghana, Enoch Odame Anto, Wina Ivy Ofori Boadu, Stephen Opoku, Ebenzer Senu, Valentine Christian Kodzo Tsatsu Tamakloe, Augustine Tawiah, Frank Ankobea, Emmanuel Acheampong, Agartha Odame Anto, Michael Appiah, Yaw Amo Wiafe, Max Efui Annani-Akollor, Christian Obirikorang, Otchere Addai-Mensah

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Preterm birth is a global epidemic and a leading cause of neonatal mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. We evaluated the prevalence and risk factors of preterm birth among women attending the labor ward for delivery at a tertiary hospital in Ghana. This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted among a cohort of 209 pregnant women admitted to the labor ward of the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH). Pregnant women who delivered between 28 and 36 completed weeks of gestation were classified as preterm delivery whereas those who delivered after 37–42 completed weeks were described as term. Sociodemographic, clinical, and obstetric data were …


Genital Chlamydia Infection Is Influenced By The Female Sex Hormones Estrogen And Progesterone In Vivo, Amy Gail Gravitte 2021 East Tennessee State University

Genital Chlamydia Infection Is Influenced By The Female Sex Hormones Estrogen And Progesterone In Vivo, Amy Gail Gravitte

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Chlamydia is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection in the United States and worldwide. It often goes unnoticed due to lack of symptoms and left untreated it can ascend the female genital tract to cause sequelae like pelvic inflammatory disease and irreversible tubal infertility. In reproductive-aged women, female sex hormones estrogen (E2) and progesterone (P4) concentrations fluctuate during the menstrual cycle and are influenced by hormonal contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy. E2 and P4 influence genital Chlamydia infection in women and mice, but these multifactorial interactions are not entirely mapped out. The complex interplay of E2 and P4 with …


Endometriosis And Pelvic Pain In The Adolescent: Delayed Diagnosis Leading To Long-Term Suffering And The Need For Intervention, Latashia-Lika Lelea 2021 HCA Healthcare

Endometriosis And Pelvic Pain In The Adolescent: Delayed Diagnosis Leading To Long-Term Suffering And The Need For Intervention, Latashia-Lika Lelea

OB-GYN

No abstract available.


Unintended Pregnancy And The Associated Factors Among Pregnant Females: Sukh Survey-Karachi, Pakistan, Shama Razzaq, Saleem Jessani, Narjis Rizvi, Sarah Saleem 2021 Health Services Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan

Unintended Pregnancy And The Associated Factors Among Pregnant Females: Sukh Survey-Karachi, Pakistan, Shama Razzaq, Saleem Jessani, Narjis Rizvi, Sarah Saleem

Community Health Sciences

Objective: Unintended pregnancy has become a substantially growing reproductive health concern in South Asian region. The objective of this survey was to assess the magnitude of unintended pregnancy along with its correlates among currently pregnant women residing in Karachi.
Methods: A community based, multistage, cross-sectional study was carried out among 612 currently pregnant women from squatter settlements of Karachi, inquiring for "unintended pregnancy", outcome of interest. Multivariable logistic analysis was done using SPSS v.19 to determine associated factors.
Results: Of 612 pregnant women interviewed, 168(27.4%) reported their pregnancies as unintended. The multivariable regression identified a high likelihood of unintended pregnancy …


Digital Commons powered by bepress