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Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications Commons

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Twin Chorionicity And Prospective Stillbirth Risk: Experience At A Tertiary Care Hospital, Shazia Masheer, Zaheena Islam, Dhanwanti Dileep, Shama Munim 2017 Aga Khan University

Twin Chorionicity And Prospective Stillbirth Risk: Experience At A Tertiary Care Hospital, Shazia Masheer, Zaheena Islam, Dhanwanti Dileep, Shama Munim

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Objective: To determine the prospective risk of stillbirth, perinatal death and neonatal morbidities in twins.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised cases of twin pregnancies from January 2001 to December 2012. . Cases of both monochorionic diamniotic and dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies were included. SPSS 19 was used for data analysis.

Results: Of the 394 cases, 84(21.3%) were monochorionic diamniotic twins and 310(78.7%) were dichorionic diamniotic twins. There were no cases of stillbirth beyond 30 and 34 weeks in monochorionic and dichorionic twins, respectively. Neonatal mortality stood ...


Evaluation Of Progesterone Agent Utilization And Birth Outcomes In A State Medicaid Plan, Tasmina Hydery, Mylissa K. Price, Bonnie C. Greenwood, Mito Takeshita, Rose Mauro, Parag Kunte, Kimberly J. Lenz, Paul L. Jeffrey 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Evaluation Of Progesterone Agent Utilization And Birth Outcomes In A State Medicaid Plan, Tasmina Hydery, Mylissa K. Price, Bonnie C. Greenwood, Mito Takeshita, Rose Mauro, Parag Kunte, Kimberly J. Lenz, Paul L. Jeffrey

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

An analysis of medication adherence and birth outcomes among members receiving progesterone for the prevention of preterm birth in a state Medicaid program. Data is also used to evaluate the association between member characteristics and medication adherence and birth outcomes as well as whether there was a change in the cost of care.


A Pilot Study To Assess The Feasibility, Safety And Acceptability Of Soy-Based Diet For Pregnant Women At High Risk For Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Ling Shi, Vidya Iyer, Emily Jones, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Alice H. Lichtenstein, Laura L. Hayman 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

A Pilot Study To Assess The Feasibility, Safety And Acceptability Of Soy-Based Diet For Pregnant Women At High Risk For Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Ling Shi, Vidya Iyer, Emily Jones, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Alice H. Lichtenstein, Laura L. Hayman

Laura L. Hayman

Background: Diet plays an important role in the prevention and management of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Previous studies suggest that soy protein and isoflavones may have beneficial effects on lipid and glucose metabolism. Little is known regarding the cardiometabolic effects of soy intake during pregnancy. This pilot study assessed the feasibility, safety and acceptability of daily consumption of soy foods during pregnancy in women at high risk for GDM, and participant adherence to their assigned treatment.

Methods: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted among pregnant women at high risk for GDM. The Soy group were counseled to consume a ...


A Hemodialysis Cohort Study Of Protocol-Based Anticoagulation Management, Steven Lamontagne, Tinzar Basein, Binyue Chang, Lakshmi Mallela 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Hemodialysis Cohort Study Of Protocol-Based Anticoagulation Management, Steven Lamontagne, Tinzar Basein, Binyue Chang, Lakshmi Mallela

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Chronic hemodialysis patients frequently require anticoagulation treatment with warfarin for a variety of co-morbidities. The optimal method for monitoring and dose adjustment of warfarin-based anticoagulation in this population, however, remains unclear. To examine this more closely, we reviewed all hemodialysis patients at a single institution on chronic warfarin therapy for a 10-month period prior to and after the institution of a standardized protocol for warfarin dose adjustment and monitoring. Anticoagulation efficacy was assessed by time within the therapeutic INR range (TTR), and resource utilization was assessed by the number of weekly INR measurements required for monitoring.

RESULTS: We retrospectively ...


Recreational Physical Activity And Premenstrual Syndrome In Young Adult Women: A Cross-Sectional Study, Aimee R. Kroll-Desrosiers, Alayne G. Ronnenberg, Sofija E. Zagarins, Serena C. Houghton, Biki B. Takashima-Uebelhoer, Elizabeth R. Bertone-Johnson 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Recreational Physical Activity And Premenstrual Syndrome In Young Adult Women: A Cross-Sectional Study, Aimee R. Kroll-Desrosiers, Alayne G. Ronnenberg, Sofija E. Zagarins, Serena C. Houghton, Biki B. Takashima-Uebelhoer, Elizabeth R. Bertone-Johnson

Open Access Articles

INTRODUCTION: It is estimated that up to 75% of premenopausal women experience at least one premenstrual symptom and 8-20% meet clinical criteria for premenstrual syndrome. Premenstrual syndrome substantially reduces quality of life for many women of reproductive age, with pharmaceutical treatments having limited efficacy and substantial side effects. Physical activity has been recommended as a method of reducing menstrual symptom severity. However, this recommendation is based on relatively little evidence, and the relationship between physical activity, premenstrual symptoms, and premenstrual syndrome remains unclear.

METHODS: We evaluated the relationship between physical activity and premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual symptoms among 414 women ...


Unintended Pregnancies Among Married Women In Sindh Pakistan: Role Of Lady Health Workers, Sumera Aziz Ali, Unaib Rabbani 2017 Aga Khan University

Unintended Pregnancies Among Married Women In Sindh Pakistan: Role Of Lady Health Workers, Sumera Aziz Ali, Unaib Rabbani

Community Health Sciences

Background: Unintended pregnancies, which pose substantial risks to both mothers and children, account for 24% of all pregnancies in Pakistan. Door to door visits and service provision by lady health workers (LHWs) may be related to the reduction of such pregnancies, particularly in rural areas. This study aimed to determine the association of knowledge about Lady Health Visitors (LHWs) and door to door visits by LHWs with unintended pregnancies among rural women.
Methods: We conducted a community-based, nested case-control study of 800 pregnant women, identified from the database of an active surveillance mechanism, which registers and follows all pregnant women ...


The Postnatal Management Of Gestational Diabetes, Savannah Prodzinski 2017 University of North Dakota

The Postnatal Management Of Gestational Diabetes, Savannah Prodzinski

Physician Assistant Scholarly Project Posters

• Diabetes mellitus is growing substantially in our nation. Between its natural progression and effects on other body systems, this epidemic is costing us billions of dollars a year.

• Although gestational diabetes typically resolves after pregnancy, women who have had gestational diabetes in the past have a largely increased risk for the development of diabetes mellitus in the future.

• Several things contribute to the development of GDM and DM: decline in β-cell function, lower adiponectin levels and HgbA1C levels in the third trimester.

• Intervening during the critical time after delivery in women with gestational diabetes, will theoretically help prevent the further ...


Ureterovaginal Fistula Secondary To Retained Vaginal Foreign Body In A Young Girl, Anjum Bandarkar, Adebunmi O. Adeyiga, Eglal Shalaby-Rana 2017 George Washington University

Ureterovaginal Fistula Secondary To Retained Vaginal Foreign Body In A Young Girl, Anjum Bandarkar, Adebunmi O. Adeyiga, Eglal Shalaby-Rana

Radiology Faculty Publications

We present the case of a 13-year-old girl with a recurrent urinary tract infection, malodorous vaginal discharge, and urinary incontinence caused by a retained vaginal foreign body. The foreign body, an aerosol cap retained for over 2 years, resulted in the formation of a ureterovaginal fistula, an extremely rare complication. The critical value of ultrasound and magnetic resonance urography in delineating the foreign body, the fistulous tract, and the intraperitoneal urine leak is described. Through this unique diagnostic dilemma, we wish to highlight that the evaluation of persistent unusual urinary symptoms and vaginal discharge in a young girl must include ...


A Low-Cost Time-Lapse Imaging System Developed For Documentation Of Human Pre-Implantation Embryogenesis In Clinical Ivf Settings, Christine E. Hennigan Miss 2017 University of Colorado Boulder

A Low-Cost Time-Lapse Imaging System Developed For Documentation Of Human Pre-Implantation Embryogenesis In Clinical Ivf Settings, Christine E. Hennigan Miss

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Infertility is a disease of the reproductive system that affects many women of various ages, races, and socioeconomic factors across the world (CDC, WHO, 2017). The expensive nature of treatments for infertility, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), has been combated with a simplified culture system (SCS) developed in the Van Blerkom lab (Van Blerkom et al., 2013). This recent advancement in clinical IVF procedures has prompted an effort to develop additional, low-cost technology able to help assess pre-implantation embryogenesis development and competence. This study examines the development and application of a low-cost, simplified, time-lapse imaging system that has shown ...


University Of Montana Students And The Gardasil Vaccine, Markie C. Glidewell 2017 The University Of Montana

University Of Montana Students And The Gardasil Vaccine, Markie C. Glidewell

Undergraduate Theses and Professional Papers

Gardasil® is a vaccine for human papilloma virus (HPV), a sexually transmitted virus that can cause genital warts, cervical cancer, and other diseases. Males and females ages 9-26 are recommended to receive the Gardasil® vaccination. Most students attending the University of Montana (UM) are within the recommended age range for Gardasil® vaccination and would benefit from receiving it if they have not yet done so. Gardasil® is available at the Health Services Pharmacy on the UM campus and is often covered by insurance plans with no patient copay. In the fall semester of 2016, surveys were given to patients at ...


Hpv Vaccine Reminders At The Point Of Service: Efficacy And Missed Opportunities. A Claims Based Study Within One Health Plan, B. Dale Magee, Katherine G. Leung, Tiffany A. Moore Simas 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Hpv Vaccine Reminders At The Point Of Service: Efficacy And Missed Opportunities. A Claims Based Study Within One Health Plan, B. Dale Magee, Katherine G. Leung, Tiffany A. Moore Simas

Tiffany A. Moore Simas

Introduction: Our objective is to assess HPV vaccine series completion rates, whether on-screen Point of Service reminders (POS) make a difference, and missed opportunities for reminders to have an effect. Methods: Retrospective, claims-based study of females aged 9-26 receiving an initial dose of HPV vaccine during 2 periods: before (period 1) and after (period 2) implementation of a POS reminder system in 1(“Change Group”) of 2 physician groups using EHRs for both periods. Completion rates, and missed opportunities during eligible periods were calculated for those with continuous enrollment in the health plan investigated. Results: Completion rates within 1 year ...


Hpv Vaccine Reminders At The Point Of Service: Efficacy And Missed Opportunities. A Claims Based Study Within One Health Plan, B. Dale Magee, Katherine G. Leung, Tiffany A. Moore Simas 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Hpv Vaccine Reminders At The Point Of Service: Efficacy And Missed Opportunities. A Claims Based Study Within One Health Plan, B. Dale Magee, Katherine G. Leung, Tiffany A. Moore Simas

B. Dale Magee

Introduction: Our objective is to assess HPV vaccine series completion rates, whether on-screen Point of Service reminders (POS) make a difference, and missed opportunities for reminders to have an effect. Methods: Retrospective, claims-based study of females aged 9-26 receiving an initial dose of HPV vaccine during 2 periods: before (period 1) and after (period 2) implementation of a POS reminder system in 1(“Change Group”) of 2 physician groups using EHRs for both periods. Completion rates, and missed opportunities during eligible periods were calculated for those with continuous enrollment in the health plan investigated. Results: Completion rates within 1 year ...


Tx-004hr Vaginal Estradiol Has Negligible To Very Low Systemic Absorption Of Estradiol., David F Archer, Ginger D Constantine, James A Simon, Harvey Kushner, Philip Mayer, Brian Bernick, Shelli Graham, Sebastian Mirkin, REJOICE Study Group. 2016 George Washington University

Tx-004hr Vaginal Estradiol Has Negligible To Very Low Systemic Absorption Of Estradiol., David F Archer, Ginger D Constantine, James A Simon, Harvey Kushner, Philip Mayer, Brian Bernick, Shelli Graham, Sebastian Mirkin, Rejoice Study Group.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Publications

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pharmacokinetics of TX-004HR vaginal estradiol softgel capsules when used for treating moderate-to-severe dyspareunia in postmenopausal women with vulvar and vaginal atrophy.

METHODS: A substudy of the REJOICE trial (multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3) evaluated the pharmacokinetics of 4, 10, and 25-μg TX-004HR doses once/d for 2 weeks, followed by twice/wk for 10 weeks. Serum samples obtained at 2, 4, 6, 10, and 24 hours postdose on days 1 and 14, and once on day 84, were analyzed for area under the serum concentration-time curve, tmax, Cmin, Cavg, and Cmax for estradiol, estrone, and estrone ...


Hpv Vaccine Reminders At The Point Of Service: Efficacy And Missed Opportunities. A Claims Based Study Within One Health Plan, B. Dale Magee, Katherine G. Leung, Tiffany A. Moore Simas 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Hpv Vaccine Reminders At The Point Of Service: Efficacy And Missed Opportunities. A Claims Based Study Within One Health Plan, B. Dale Magee, Katherine G. Leung, Tiffany A. Moore Simas

Obstetrics and Gynecology Publications and Presentations

Introduction: Our objective is to assess HPV vaccine series completion rates, whether on-screen Point of Service reminders (POS) make a difference, and missed opportunities for reminders to have an effect.

Methods: Retrospective, claims-based study of females aged 9-26 receiving an initial dose of HPV vaccine during 2 periods: before (period 1) and after (period 2) implementation of a POS reminder system in 1(“Change Group”) of 2 physician groups using EHRs for both periods. Completion rates, and missed opportunities during eligible periods were calculated for those with continuous enrollment in the health plan investigated.

Results: Completion rates within 1 year ...


Vulvodynia; An Under-Recognized Disease, Simona Roxana Georgescu, Cristina I. Mitran, Mădălina I. Mitran, Maria I. Sârbu, Mircea Tampa 2016 Carol Davila University, Department of Dermatology and Venereology

Vulvodynia; An Under-Recognized Disease, Simona Roxana Georgescu, Cristina I. Mitran, Mădălina I. Mitran, Maria I. Sârbu, Mircea Tampa

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Vulvodynia is a chronic condition which affects an increasing number of women; it presents currently an incidence that is higher than had previously been estimated. Regarding pathogenesis, several (hormonal, infectious, inflammatory and psychological) factors have been proposed, but vulvodynia etiology remains still unclear. This disorder is a multifactorial condition with a significant impact on the patient’s quality of life, yet is difficult to diagnose (an under-estimated/ under-recognized affection). Certain medical investigations are required in order to exclude other diseases (the diagnosis of vulvodynia being one of exclusion), but anamnesis and physical examination are essential steps in the diagnosis.

Although ...


Longitudinal Changes In Neurodevelopmental Outcomes Between 18 And 36 Months In Children With Prenatal Triptan Exposure: Findings From The Norwegian Mother And Child Cohort Study, Mollie E. Wood, Jean A. Frazier, Hedvig M.E. Nordeng, Kate L. Lapane 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Longitudinal Changes In Neurodevelopmental Outcomes Between 18 And 36 Months In Children With Prenatal Triptan Exposure: Findings From The Norwegian Mother And Child Cohort Study, Mollie E. Wood, Jean A. Frazier, Hedvig M.E. Nordeng, Kate L. Lapane

Open Access Articles

OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine whether changes in neurodevelopmental outcomes between 18 and 36 months of age were associated with prenatal exposure to triptan medications, a class of 5-HT receptor agonists used in the treatment of migraine.

METHOD: Using data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, a prospective birth cohort that includes nearly 40% of all pregnancies in Norway from 1999 to 2008, we identified 50 469 mother-child dyads who met inclusion criteria and were present for at least one follow-up assessment at 18 or 36 months postpartum. Neurodevelopment was assessed using the Child Behaviour Checklist, the ...


Predictors Of Gestational Weight Gain Among White And Latina Women And Associations With Birth Weight, Milagros C. Rosal, Monica L. Wang, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jamie S. Bodenlos, Sybil L. Crawford, Katherine Leung, Heather Z. Sankey 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Predictors Of Gestational Weight Gain Among White And Latina Women And Associations With Birth Weight, Milagros C. Rosal, Monica L. Wang, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jamie S. Bodenlos, Sybil L. Crawford, Katherine Leung, Heather Z. Sankey

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

This study examined racial/ethnic differences in gestational weight gain (GWG) predictors and association of first-trimester GWG to overall GWG among 271 White women and 300 Latina women. Rates of within-guideline GWG were higher among Latinas than among Whites (28.7% versus 24.4%, p < 0.016). Adjusted odds of above-guideline GWG were higher among prepregnancy overweight (OR = 3.4, CI = 1.8-6.5) and obese (OR = 4.5, CI = 2.3-9.0) women than among healthy weight women and among women with above-guideline first-trimester GWG than among those with within-guideline first-trimester GWG (OR = 4.9, CI = 2.8-8.8). GWG was positively associated with neonate birth size (p < 0.001). Interventions targeting prepregnancy overweight or obese women and those with excessive first-trimester GWG are needed.


A Pilot Study To Assess The Feasibility, Safety And Acceptability Of Soy-Based Diet For Pregnant Women At High Risk For Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Ling Shi, Vidya Iyer, Emily Jones, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Alice H. Lichtenstein, Laura L. Hayman 2016 University of Massachusetts Boston

A Pilot Study To Assess The Feasibility, Safety And Acceptability Of Soy-Based Diet For Pregnant Women At High Risk For Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Ling Shi, Vidya Iyer, Emily Jones, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Alice H. Lichtenstein, Laura L. Hayman

Tiffany A. Moore Simas

Background: Diet plays an important role in the prevention and management of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Previous studies suggest that soy protein and isoflavones may have beneficial effects on lipid and glucose metabolism. Little is known regarding the cardiometabolic effects of soy intake during pregnancy. This pilot study assessed the feasibility, safety and acceptability of daily consumption of soy foods during pregnancy in women at high risk for GDM, and participant adherence to their assigned treatment. Methods: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted among pregnant women at high risk for GDM. The Soy group were counseled to consume a ...


The Rivas Cohort Study: Design And Baseline Characteristics Of A Nicaraguan Cohort, Kailey Minnings, Madeline Fiore, Amos Lichtman, Keriann Nobil, Louis Fiore 2016 University of Toronto

The Rivas Cohort Study: Design And Baseline Characteristics Of A Nicaraguan Cohort, Kailey Minnings, Madeline Fiore, Amos Lichtman, Keriann Nobil, Louis Fiore

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: A lack of advanced healthcare information systems and validated scientific cohorts in Nicaragua makes it difficult to estimate disease prevalences and other public health statistics. Although there is concern of an "epidemic" of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in this country, statistics regarding its magnitude are derived from only a small number of non-representative studies. Budgetary constraints and the logistical problems of maintaining a study cohort make longitudinal studies difficult. The Rivas Cohort was created to measure disease burden of CKD and other public health priorities in the Department of Rivas, Nicaragua. Using primarily volunteer research students and technologic innovation ...


Important Strategies For Effective Family Planning Counseling, Savera Aziz Ali, Minaz Mawani, Gulshan Bano, Sumera Aziz Ali 2016 Aga Khan University

Important Strategies For Effective Family Planning Counseling, Savera Aziz Ali, Minaz Mawani, Gulshan Bano, Sumera Aziz Ali

School of Nursing & Midwifery

No abstract provided.


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