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Quality Of Life For Women With Chronic Lyme Disease: A Socioeconomic Investigation, Dale M. Jones 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Quality Of Life For Women With Chronic Lyme Disease: A Socioeconomic Investigation, Dale M. Jones

Doctoral Dissertations

This is a mixed methods investigation of how chronic Lyme disease, including Lyme-like diseases and co-infections, affects the quality of life of women who have chronic Lyme. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used during three phases of research: a 91-question survey instrument followed by focus group discussions and written narratives. The research considered the socioeconomic impact on quality of life in five areas: obtaining a diagnosis, relationships and personal support systems, struggles with the medical system, the ability to work, and access to treatment. There were 500 responses to the survey, of which 373 were analyzed; 11 participants in ...


The Life Story Analysis Of Those Suffering From Autoimmune Thyroiditis, Azalea Di Nardi 2022 National Louis University

The Life Story Analysis Of Those Suffering From Autoimmune Thyroiditis, Azalea Di Nardi

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to understand the pervasive impacts of autoimmune thyroiditis, specifically Hashimoto’s and Graves’ disease. To accomplish this, the life story methodology was utilized to gather individual experiences from 11 participants diagnosed with Hashimoto’s or Graves’ disease. The participants completed a background and general health questionnaire and 45- to-100-minute virtual interview disclosing their journey from the onset of symptoms, through diagnosis, to their most recent state. Themes were compiled from the interviews, which allowed identification of the largest areas of impact, needs, and future implications for practitioners and providers. Major themes identified were decreased ...


Isolation And Characterization Of Α-Hcd7 Scfv Expressing Exosomes And Synthesis Of Hybrid Exosome-Liposome For Analyses, Sahil Patel 2022 University of Texas at Tyler

Isolation And Characterization Of Α-Hcd7 Scfv Expressing Exosomes And Synthesis Of Hybrid Exosome-Liposome For Analyses, Sahil Patel

Biotechnology Theses

The goal of this thesis project is to isolate and characterize exosomes that express anti-human CD7 (α-hCD7) single chain variable fragment (scFv), which will be further utilized for T celltargeted gene editing. To reach this goal, exosomes from HEK 293 cells and Jurkat cells were isolated and characterized with different methodologies. To obtain α-hCD7 scFv-expressing exosomes, the HEK 293 cells were subjected to transfection of custom-plasmid pDisplay-αhCD7 scFv, and the expression of α-hCD7 scFv on the HEK 293-derived exosomes were then confirmed by immunogold staining, western blotting, and flow cytometry. To transfect 293 cells, calcium phosphate transfection was utilized, and ...


Lgbtq+ Health Disparities: Healthcare Intervention, Kara Steinbrecher 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Lgbtq+ Health Disparities: Healthcare Intervention, Kara Steinbrecher

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

The lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ+) community has carried the burden of countless health disparities throughout its history tied to discrimination, bias, prejudice, and stigma. LGBTQ+ individuals are disproportionately at higher risk for substance abuse, sexually transmitted diseases, cardiovascular disease, mental illness, suicide, and unequal access to healthcare, related to social stigma and bias that exists in healthcare itself. The purpose of this systematic literature review is to analyze existing health disparities among the LGBTQ+ population in the United States and the efficacy of various interventions of health care professionals to reduce them. Twenty-one articles from multiple online ...


Use Of Long-Acting Injectable Cabotegravir And Rilpivirine As An Alternative For Treatment In Hiv Positive Patients, Aravindh Nirmalan 2022 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Use Of Long-Acting Injectable Cabotegravir And Rilpivirine As An Alternative For Treatment In Hiv Positive Patients, Aravindh Nirmalan

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using

Mantsios A, Murray M, Karver TS, et al. Efficacy and Freedom: Patient Experiences with the Transition from Daily Oral to Long-Acting Injectable Antiretroviral Therapy to Treat HIV in the Context of Phase 3 Trials. AIDS Behav. 2020;24(12):3473-3481. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-020-02918-x

for a young adult patient struggling with adherence.


Copper Intrauterine Device Is An Appropriate Method Of Contraception For A Patient With A History Of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Sydney E. Daviskiba 2022 Wayne State University

Copper Intrauterine Device Is An Appropriate Method Of Contraception For A Patient With A History Of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Sydney E. Daviskiba

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using

Sánchez-Guerrero J, Uribe AG, Jiménez-Santana L, et al. A Trial of Contraceptive Methods in Women with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. N Engl J Med. 2005;353(24):2539-2588. https:/doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa050817

for a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus choosing a method of contraception.


Multiple Sclerosis, Rachel Marie Wainwright, Terryn Dyche 2022 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Multiple Sclerosis, Rachel Marie Wainwright, Terryn Dyche

Client Educational Handouts

Multiple Sclerosis is a long lasting disease where the immune system attacks parts of the nerves, which result in slowing down of signals from the brain to various parts of the body. It is hard to predict one’s journey with MS, but can decrease life expectancy up to 14 years. Symptoms vary from person to person and can include heat sensitivity, fatigue, pain, cognitive dysfunction, and tremors. Unfortunately we do not know the cause of MS however genetics, infectious agents like viruses, and environments with lower Vitamin D levels can be contributing factors (Files et al., 2015; Forwell et ...


Ameliorative Effects Of Minor Cannabinoids Over Hiv-1 Tat-Mediated Visceral Pain, Charlie Worth 2022 University of Mississippi

Ameliorative Effects Of Minor Cannabinoids Over Hiv-1 Tat-Mediated Visceral Pain, Charlie Worth

Honors Theses

As the total number of people living with HIV continues to rise across the world, an effective HIV treatment is still sought after. While modern-day advanced therapies exist for mitigating much of the negative effects of HIV, the virus remains evasive and problematic in the central nervous system. Thus, even with treatment, many people living with HIV continue to suffer from a plethora of symptoms. However, a large proportion of HIV-positive patients claim to feel a reduction in those persevering symptoms after cannabis usage. This anecdotal evidence has sparked interest in the efficacy of cannabis constituents for HIV therapy. This ...


Does Coca-Cola Consumption Potentiate Diabetes Development In Nod Mice?, Hunter Harnett, Asma Yusuf 2022 St. Cloud State University

Does Coca-Cola Consumption Potentiate Diabetes Development In Nod Mice?, Hunter Harnett, Asma Yusuf

Huskies Showcase

It is known that the Westernized diet in the United States contains excess sugar, and paired with minimal exercise, can lead to health impairments like type 2 diabetes. Whereas a correlation with minimal exercise and increased sugar intake has been found with type 2 diabetes, yet this influence is unknown for type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes, which has a prominent autoimmune background, may be affected by excessive consumption of soft drinks. Thus, a model of a spontaneous type 1 diabetic, non-obese-diabetic (NOD) mouse, will be used to test the effects of Coca-Cola on the development of the disease. We ...


Telemedicine For Rheumatology Patients In Covid-19 Pandemic: Perspectives Of Patients, Muhammad Mehmood Riaz, Saad Bin Zafar Mahmood, Noreen Nasir 2022 Aga Khan University

Telemedicine For Rheumatology Patients In Covid-19 Pandemic: Perspectives Of Patients, Muhammad Mehmood Riaz, Saad Bin Zafar Mahmood, Noreen Nasir

Section of Internal Medicine

Telemedicine use for patients with autoimmune rheumatic conditions during the pandemic mandates better characterization. We conducted a telephonic survey on patients who consulted rheumatologists remotely to determine their attitudes toward telemedicine. The study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan which is a lower-middle-income country. Descriptive analyses were performed. Fifty patients visited tele-rheumatology clinic, 35 (70.0%) were female with a mean (SD) age of 47.6 (18.1) years. Majority (27, 54.0%) learned about telemedicine from hospital website and outpatient clinic desk or helpline. Lack of examination was the biggest concern with ...


Variations In Antibody Response To Aspergillus Fumigatus Inhalation In Mice, Andrea Wells 2022 Minnesota State University Moorhead

Variations In Antibody Response To Aspergillus Fumigatus Inhalation In Mice, Andrea Wells

Student Academic Conference

Studies have configured immunological responses to Aspergillus fumigatus in mice, leading to advanced understandings. However, the comparisons of the immune responses between juvenile (younger than 6 weeks) male and female C57BL/6J mice after A. fumigatus exposure, remains uninvestigated. In this study, we intranasally inoculated 3 week old male and female mice with Aspergillus fumigatus spores dilution of 2 106spores per 40 l. They were exposed to the allergen once a week for 8 consecutive weeks and euthanized on day 28 post the last inoculation. As compared to our last report, we increased the sample size for each group in ...


A Proposed Treatment Of Mixed Connective Tissue Disease By Competitive Inhibition Of Autoantibodies, Thomas Russell 2022 Liberty University

A Proposed Treatment Of Mixed Connective Tissue Disease By Competitive Inhibition Of Autoantibodies, Thomas Russell

Senior Honors Theses

Mixed Connective Tissue Disease is an autoimmune disease characterized by Raynaud’s phenomenon and arthritis among other symptoms. It is primarily caused by antibodies that target the U1-RNP 70K peptide. The treatment proposed in this paper uses competitive inhibition to prevent the binding of the anti-U1-RNP 70K antibodies with the U1-RNP 70K peptide. A method for testing the designed treatment in silico is proposed using AutoDock Vina docking software.


Daclizumab (Zinbryta®): An Emerging Therapy For The Treatment Of Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis, Morgan Homan, Sunitha Jones, Michaela Louden, Molly Wheeler, Anh Dao Le, Lindsey Peters 2022 Ohio Northern University

Daclizumab (Zinbryta®): An Emerging Therapy For The Treatment Of Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis, Morgan Homan, Sunitha Jones, Michaela Louden, Molly Wheeler, Anh Dao Le, Lindsey Peters

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disorder of the central nervous system characterized by the deterioration of the myelin sheath, causing axonal damage which leads to debilitating symptoms. Most therapies for the treatment of MS, including daclizumab, primarily target relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), a form of MS where patients experience periods of exacerbated symptoms as well as intermittent periods of remission. Daclizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody that is administered as a once monthly subcutaneous injection. The SELECT trilogy of trials have been instrumental in providing safety and efficacy data for daclizumab. The DECIDE study was the first randomized controlled ...


The Response To Covid-19 Among Drug Retail Outlets In Indonesia: A Cross-Sectional Survey Of Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices, Yusuf Ari Mashuri, Luh Putu Lila Wulandari, Mishal Khan, Astri Ferdiana, Ari Probandari, Tri Wibawa, Neha Batura, Marco Liverani, Richard Day, Stephen Jan 2022 Universitas Sebelas Maret

The Response To Covid-19 Among Drug Retail Outlets In Indonesia: A Cross-Sectional Survey Of Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices, Yusuf Ari Mashuri, Luh Putu Lila Wulandari, Mishal Khan, Astri Ferdiana, Ari Probandari, Tri Wibawa, Neha Batura, Marco Liverani, Richard Day, Stephen Jan

Community Health Sciences

Background: Pharmacists have been at the frontline of the COVID-19 response in Indonesia, providing medicines, advice, and referral services often in areas with limited healthcare access. This study aimed to explore their knowledge, attitudes, and practices during the pandemic, so that we can be better prepared for future emergencies.
Methods: A cross-sectional online survey of community pharmacists and pharmacy technicians in Indonesia was conducted between July and August 2020. The dataset was analysed descriptively, and logistic regression was used to explore willingness to participate in COVID-19 interventions.
Findings: 4716 respondents participated in the survey. Two-thirds (66·7%) reported knowing only ...


Viral Hepatitis - The Road Traveled And The Journey Remaining, Ghulam Fareed Malik, Noval Zakaria, Muhammad Ibrahim Majeed, Faisal Wasim Ismail 2022 Aga Khan University

Viral Hepatitis - The Road Traveled And The Journey Remaining, Ghulam Fareed Malik, Noval Zakaria, Muhammad Ibrahim Majeed, Faisal Wasim Ismail

Section of Gastroenterology

Hepatitis is defined as inflammation of the liver and is commonly due to infection with The hepatotropic viruses - hepatitis A, B, C, D and E. Hepatitis carries one of the highest disease burdens globally and has caused significant morbidity and mortality among different patient populations. Clinical presentation varies from asymptomatic or acute flu-like illness to acute liver failure or chronic liver disease, characterized by jaundice, hepatomegaly and ascites among many other signs. Eventually, this can lead to fibrosis (cirrhosis) of the liver parenchyma and carries a risk of development into hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatitis B and C are most notorious for ...


Use Of Steroids In Covid-19 Patients: What Is Known?, Syed Muhammad Mustahsan, Marzia Tahir, Emaduddin Siddiqui 2022 South City Hospital, Karachi

Use Of Steroids In Covid-19 Patients: What Is Known?, Syed Muhammad Mustahsan, Marzia Tahir, Emaduddin Siddiqui

Department of Emergency Medicine

COVID-19 pandemic has exaggerated the role of steroids in the standard of care despite minimum direct evidence of their efficacy in COVID-19 patients and their well-known adverse effects. The literature abounds on the side effects of steroids affecting different organ systems of the body. COVID-19 patients, who are on long-term steroids, are more susceptible to their adverse effects. We, herein, briefly review the potential uses and the adverse effects of steroids on different organ systems of the body. Key Words: Steroids, COVID-19, Adverse effects.


Adult Pulmonary Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis With Osseous Involvement: Understanding This Rare Mimic Of Malignancy, Samantha A. Smith MS III, Adam M. Franks MD, William Rollyson MS IV, Doreen Griswold, Tammy Bannister MD 2022 Marshall University, Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

Adult Pulmonary Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis With Osseous Involvement: Understanding This Rare Mimic Of Malignancy, Samantha A. Smith Ms Iii, Adam M. Franks Md, William Rollyson Ms Iv, Doreen Griswold, Tammy Bannister Md

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Langerhans cells are dendritic cells that form the antigenic barrier of the human body. They occur in nearly any tissue but are most prevalent in the skin, submucosa of the bronchial tree, and other mucosae. Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) develops when these cells damage the tissues in which they reside through a combination of inflammatory and monoclonal stimulation. The pulmonary variant of LCH involves the lung parenchyma and creates a wide variety of disturbances: pulmonary hypertension and both obstructive and restrictive lung disease. Osseous involvement, in addition to the pulmonary variant, presents with pulmonary masses and lytic bone lesions, which ...


Clinical Outcomes Of Immunomodulatory Therapies In The Management Of Covid-19: A Tertiary-Care Experience From Pakistan, Noreen Nasir, Salma Tajuddin, Sarah Khaskheli, Naveera Khan, Hammad Niamatullah, Nosheen Nasir 2022 Aga Khan University

Clinical Outcomes Of Immunomodulatory Therapies In The Management Of Covid-19: A Tertiary-Care Experience From Pakistan, Noreen Nasir, Salma Tajuddin, Sarah Khaskheli, Naveera Khan, Hammad Niamatullah, Nosheen Nasir

Section of Internal Medicine

The pharmacological management of COVID-19 has evolved significantly and various immunomodulatory agents have been repurposed. However, the clinical efficacy has been variable and a search for cure for COVID-19 continues. A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 916 patients hospitalized with polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-confirmed COVID-19 between February 2020 and October 2020 at a tertiary care academic medical center in Karachi, Pakistan. The median age was 57 years (interquartile range (IQR) 46–66 years). The most common medications administered were Methylprednisolone (65.83%), Azithromycin (50.66%), and Dexamethasone (46.6%). Majority of the patients (70%) had at least two ...


The Role Of Emergency Departments For Antimicrobial Stewardship In Covid-19 Pandemic; The Time Is Now, Madiha Ismail, Nazeer Najeeb Kapadia, Sara Usman 2022 Aga Khan University

The Role Of Emergency Departments For Antimicrobial Stewardship In Covid-19 Pandemic; The Time Is Now, Madiha Ismail, Nazeer Najeeb Kapadia, Sara Usman

Department of Emergency Medicine

No abstract provided.


Continuing Medical Education On Immunothombosis In Sepsis, Vivienne Van Nguyen 2022 Arcadia University

Continuing Medical Education On Immunothombosis In Sepsis, Vivienne Van Nguyen

Capstone Showcase

In the past decades, the incidence of sepsis complicated by immunothrombosis has increased in critically ill patients, especially those with sepsis and septic shock. Despite intensive surveillance and prevention of the underlying causes, these disease syndromes are frequently fatal. The increased incidence of immunothrombosis in sepsis has been accompanied by many critical issues and concerns regarding current diagnostic and treatment protocols. This paper offers a concise critical assessment of the current state of knowledge about sepsis and immunothrombosis among clinicians in the ICU as well as problem concerning the recognition of sepsis and immunothrombosis and their management.


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