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Digestive System Diseases Commons

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Management Of Variceal Hemorrhage From Extensive Portal Vein Tumor Thrombus In Hepatocellular Carcinoma And Untreated Pheochromocytoma: A Case Report, Patrick Twohig, Kishan Patel, Tomoki Sempokuya, Chijoke Enweluzo, Lyudmila Muinov, Ishfaq Bhat 2024 University of Rochester Medical Center

Management Of Variceal Hemorrhage From Extensive Portal Vein Tumor Thrombus In Hepatocellular Carcinoma And Untreated Pheochromocytoma: A Case Report, Patrick Twohig, Kishan Patel, Tomoki Sempokuya, Chijoke Enweluzo, Lyudmila Muinov, Ishfaq Bhat

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

Background: Over 600,000 people in the United States (U.S.) have liver cirrhosis. It is estimated that 30% of patients with compensated cirrhosis and 60% of patients with decompensated cirrhosis will develop varices in their lifetime, with an incidence rate of new varices at 9% per year. Fifty percent of patients with esophageal varices will experience bleeding at some time. Pheochromocytoma is a rare catecholamine secreting adrenal gland tumor that occurs in 2-8 people per every 1 million people in the general population. Standard treatment for variceal bleeding includes endoscopic band ligation and/or radiologic embolization along with non-selective beta blockers. However, …


Pain Management In Perforated Appendicitis: Transitioning To A Minimal Narcotic Strategy, Seth Saylors, Meredith Elman, Pablo Aguayo, Rebecca M. Rentea, Richard J. Hendrickson, David Juang, Charles L. Snyder, Jason D. Fraser, Tolulope A. Oyetunji MD MPH, Shawn D. St Peter, Nelimar Cruz-Centeno, Charles Marchese 2024 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Pain Management In Perforated Appendicitis: Transitioning To A Minimal Narcotic Strategy, Seth Saylors, Meredith Elman, Pablo Aguayo, Rebecca M. Rentea, Richard J. Hendrickson, David Juang, Charles L. Snyder, Jason D. Fraser, Tolulope A. Oyetunji Md Mph, Shawn D. St Peter, Nelimar Cruz-Centeno, Charles Marchese

Research Days

Introduction: Patient controlled analgesia (PCA) was previously standard for postoperative pain control in children with perforated appendicitis at our institution. We previously reported the equivocal outcome of intravenous (IV) acetaminophen as a pain control adjunct used to transition from PCA to oral narcotics. We have since transitioned to a PCA-free, multi-modal pain control regimen postoperatively in perforated appendicitis. Through observational study, we aim to describe the impact of our new pain control regimen on postoperative narcotic use.

Methods: Children– June 2020 at a single freestanding children’s hospital were reviewed. Details of their hospitalization, including demographic, operative, anesthesia, pain management, and …


Piecing Together The Puzzle: Hepatic Abscess In A 16-Year-Old Female, Danielle Statman 2024 Tower Health

Piecing Together The Puzzle: Hepatic Abscess In A 16-Year-Old Female, Danielle Statman

St. Chris Research Day

No abstract provided.


Health Benefits Of Saccharomyces Boulardii As A Probiotic, Devashri Parikh, Maftuna Kurbonnazarova, Ravij Upadhyay, Andrea Iannuzzelli 2024 Rowan University

Health Benefits Of Saccharomyces Boulardii As A Probiotic, Devashri Parikh, Maftuna Kurbonnazarova, Ravij Upadhyay, Andrea Iannuzzelli

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Saccharomyces boulardii (SB), a budding yeast, within the Saccharomyces genus. It commonly used as a probiotic that has been isolated from lychee and mangosteen fruit. S. boulardii is not known to acquire resistant genes and does not last in the intestine after 3-5 days of discontinuing the ingestion. The clinical efficacy of this probiotic yeast is known to improve various diarrhea such as pediatric diarrhea, antibiotic-associated diarrhea, acute diarrhea, and traveler’s diarrhea. Additionally, when used as an adjuvant to treatment for Helicobacter pylori and Clostridium difficile infections, it improves bacterial eradication, prevents relapse, reduces adverse reactions and treatment-associated diarrhea.

Several …


Comparative Analysis Of Health Outcomes In Gastric Cancer: Robotic Vs. Laparoscopic Gastrectomy, Maftuna Kurbonnazarova 2024 Rowan University

Comparative Analysis Of Health Outcomes In Gastric Cancer: Robotic Vs. Laparoscopic Gastrectomy, Maftuna Kurbonnazarova

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Exploring the most effective surgical approach for gastrectomy is crucial for determining superior health outcomes in patients. This research compares robotic and laparoscopic techniques with the aim of pinpointing the optimal method, offering valuable insights for improved postoperative well-being.


A Case Of Esophagogastric Junction Outflow Obstruction Resulting To Megaesophagus In A 37-Year-Old Male, Dean Esma, Robin Lahr, James A. Espinosa, Alan Lucerna 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

A Case Of Esophagogastric Junction Outflow Obstruction Resulting To Megaesophagus In A 37-Year-Old Male, Dean Esma, Robin Lahr, James A. Espinosa, Alan Lucerna

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction (EGJOO) is a major motility disorder characterized by an increase of > 15 mmHg in the integrated relaxation pressure (IRP) with or without problems in esophageal motility. This presents as dysphagia, chest pain, regurgitation, heartburn, cough, and a globus sensation, with dysphagia. Severe cases may lead to a megaesophagus causing compression of mediastinal structures.6 Its similarity to other esophageal disorders urge an investigation to improve its identification and treatment. This report presents a case of EGJOO in a 37-year-old cachectic male patient with dysphagia and vomiting, eventually determined to be EGJOO with diagnostic manometry.


Case Report: Diverticulitis Involving A Meckel’S Diverticulum, Samuel M. Thalathoti, Russell A. Mordecai 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Case Report: Diverticulitis Involving A Meckel’S Diverticulum, Samuel M. Thalathoti, Russell A. Mordecai

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

We report a case of a 65-year-old female who presented with abdominal pain and was diagnosed with diverticulitis involving a Meckel‘s Diverticulum. The differential diagnosis of abdominal pain is vast, in this age group includes, but is not limited to appendicitis, diverticulitis, cholecystitis, and small bowel obstruction. In the absence of complicated features, conservative management with oral antibiotics and close outpatient follow is advised. However, in the case of complicated diverticulitis and a rare manifestation such as a Meckel’s Diverticulum, careful management is indicated.


Gut Microbiota Changes After Cholecystectomy: Unraveling The Microbial Mysteries - A Systematic Review, Maftuna Kurbonnazarova, Arthi Rameshkumar, Olivia R. Siciliano, Samrat Gollapudi, Katarina Rusinak, Alissa Brotman O’Neill 2024 Rowan University

Gut Microbiota Changes After Cholecystectomy: Unraveling The Microbial Mysteries - A Systematic Review, Maftuna Kurbonnazarova, Arthi Rameshkumar, Olivia R. Siciliano, Samrat Gollapudi, Katarina Rusinak, Alissa Brotman O’Neill

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Aims: This review aims to expand upon previous research examining change in gastrointestinal microbiota before and after cholecystectomy.

Methods: A systematic review, combined with a pooled analysis, was conducted to assess gut microbiota dysbiosis post-cholecystectomy, utilizing 71 articles retrieved from 3 databases, with 13 undergoing full-text appraisal. The publication dates ranged from 2018 to 2023.

Results: Results suggested a greater degree of microbiota alteration in symptomatic post-cholecystectomy patients, characterized by a decrease in the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio, Bifidobacterium and Lactococcus, alongside increased levels of harmful microbiota such as Prevotella, Sutterella, Proteobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, Blautia obeum, and Veillonella species. Interestingly, an increase in …


Dense Colon Scarring After Infliximab For Acute Severe Ulcerative Colitis, Rahul Patel, Sriya Vutukuru, Neethi Dasu, Charles Snyder 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Dense Colon Scarring After Infliximab For Acute Severe Ulcerative Colitis, Rahul Patel, Sriya Vutukuru, Neethi Dasu, Charles Snyder

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Introduction: Infliximab is a monoclonal antibody against tumor necrosis factor alpha used in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. It has been shown to be efficacious in patients with moderate to severe ulcerative colitis and/or those who have failed intravenous steroids. We present a unique finding of profoundly dense colonic scarring after a year of infliximab therapy in a patient with acute severe ulcerative colitis.

Case: A female in her early 60s presented to the hospital with a three month history of rectal bleeding and intermittent fevers. A colonoscopy was done which demonstrated severe Mayo 3 left-sided colitis, consistent with a …


Ultrasound Versus Radiography For Evaluating Surgical Necrotizing Enterocolitis, Sayed H. Aftab, Santiago Martinez-Correa, Minh-huy Huynh, Wondwossen T. Lerebo, Jorge Delgado, Rebecca Denis, Misun Hwang 2024 Rowan University

Ultrasound Versus Radiography For Evaluating Surgical Necrotizing Enterocolitis, Sayed H. Aftab, Santiago Martinez-Correa, Minh-Huy Huynh, Wondwossen T. Lerebo, Jorge Delgado, Rebecca Denis, Misun Hwang

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Purpose:

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is an abdominal inflammatory condition that is common in premature neonates. Although abdominal radiograph (AR) remains the imaging standard for NEC, it may miss up to 50% of early signs of NEC and has been described to have a sensitivity as low as 15.4% for detecting pneumoperitoneum. Abdominal ultrasound (US) is portable, non-invasive, and allows real-time bowel integrity, movement, and perfusion assessment. We aim to evaluate the concordance between US and AR in detecting NEC features and the diagnostic performance of both modalities in detecting pneumoperitoneum.

Methods and materials:

We conducted an IRB-approved retrospective, cross-sectional, single-center …


Clinical Outcomes For Patients With Nafld And Acute Hepatitis: An Analysis Of The National Inpatient Sample, Dakota B. Pastore, Tony Elias, Peter Senatore 2024 Rowan University

Clinical Outcomes For Patients With Nafld And Acute Hepatitis: An Analysis Of The National Inpatient Sample, Dakota B. Pastore, Tony Elias, Peter Senatore

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Introduction: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common form of chronic liver disease in the United States and has been found to play a significant role in cardiovascular disease risk through several mechanisms including dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, coagulability, and inflammation. Acute-on-chronic liver disease continues to contribute to worse health outcomes via acute hepatitis.

Methods: This case-control study investigated the relationship between NAFLD and acute hepatitis using data extracted from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) Database for the years 2019 and 2020. The NIS was searched for hospitalizations of adult patients with acute hepatitis with and without NAFLD. Using …


Gut Microbiome And Nutrition Interplay In Regulating And Improving Autism Spectrum Disorder Related Social Symptoms, Irenonsen Juliet Eigbe, Christian Moya Gamboa, Jana Gjini, Jaydeep Mukherjee, Susrut Dube 2024 Rowan University

Gut Microbiome And Nutrition Interplay In Regulating And Improving Autism Spectrum Disorder Related Social Symptoms, Irenonsen Juliet Eigbe, Christian Moya Gamboa, Jana Gjini, Jaydeep Mukherjee, Susrut Dube

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

The composition of the gut microbiome has been shown to play a role in the onset of neurological disorders, including Autism Spectrum Disorder(ASD). A small variety of recent research articles identify a possible link between onset and severity of ASD related behaviors and the composition of the gut microbiome. The purpose of this review is to identify gaps in the current understanding of the role that nutrition plays in changing the gut microbiome and subsequently altering the onset and severity of behavioral phenotypes in children with ASD. Inclusion criteria comprises peer-reviewed publications relating to children with autism. Exclusion criteria consists …


The Role Of B Cell Activation State And Sex In Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Mediated Induction Of Chemokine Receptor 9 And Alpha4beta7 Expression In Vitro, Logan Bauerle 2024 University of Northern Colorado

The Role Of B Cell Activation State And Sex In Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Mediated Induction Of Chemokine Receptor 9 And Alpha4beta7 Expression In Vitro, Logan Bauerle

Master's Theses

Defense of mucosal tissues from microbial infection and allergy is reliant on continual production of antibodies. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is known to regulate B cell development and is associated with suppression of systemic humoral immunity. Recent attention has been paid to the role of the AhR in altering expression of cell adhesion molecules (CAMs). B cells express CAMs and chemokine receptors to migrate around the body for localized secretion of antibodies. AhR agonists promote B cell migration to the small intestine through upregulation of chemokine receptor 9 (CCR9) and integrin α4β7. Both the AhR …


Surgery Of The Colon; The Impact Of Colostomy And Postoperative Complications On Patients' Quality Of Life, Vlad Denis Constantin, Adrian Silaghi, Dragos Epistatu, Daniela Gabriela Bălan, Florin Silviu Groseanu, Denisa Mihaela Nedelcu, Ioana Paunica 2024 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of General Surgery, Bucharest, Romania

Surgery Of The Colon; The Impact Of Colostomy And Postoperative Complications On Patients' Quality Of Life, Vlad Denis Constantin, Adrian Silaghi, Dragos Epistatu, Daniela Gabriela Bălan, Florin Silviu Groseanu, Denisa Mihaela Nedelcu, Ioana Paunica

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Introduction. This study aims to evaluate the impact of stoma formation on the quality of life of patients undergoing colonic surgery, considering both emergency and elective procedures. Several factors (demographic data, Charlson comorbidity score, type of surgical intervention, duration of hospitalization, postoperative outcomes and complications, etc.) were analyzed to understand their influence on patients' well-being. Materials and Methods. A retrospective analysis was performed on patients who underwent colorectal surgery that required stoma formation. A total of 270 patients were included in the study, with 69.25% undergoing emergency surgery and 30.74% undergoing elective procedures. Results. The Charlson comorbidity score was significantly …


Venous Thrombosis Associated With Pancreatic Cancer, Vlad Buică, Camelia Diaconu, Octavian Andronic 2024 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of General Medicine, Bucharest, Romania

Venous Thrombosis Associated With Pancreatic Cancer, Vlad Buică, Camelia Diaconu, Octavian Andronic

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Introduction. Cancer-associated thrombosis is a significant prognostic marker in pancreatic neoplasia, with a venous thromboembolism incidence of 17-34%. This study focuses on cancer-associated thrombosis risk factors, screening scores, and treatment options. Materials and Methods. Comprehensive database searches were conducted across Web of Science, PubMed, Reaxys, ScienceDirect, and Scopus. Results. Of the 37 articles reviewed, findings include splanchnic vein thrombosis correlating with pancreatic complications and survival rates. Gender differences in cancer-associated thrombosis risk were inconclusive, while African Americans showed a higher incidence of pulmonary embolism. Various cancer-associated thrombosis staging scores were evaluated, with ONKOTEV score outperforming Khorana. Direct oral anticoagulants were …


Ischemic Colitis In A Middle-Aged Man With Covid-19: Case Report And Review Of Literature, Lara Appiah, Subhasis Misra, Stephen Jones 2024 HCA Florida Brandon Hospital

Ischemic Colitis In A Middle-Aged Man With Covid-19: Case Report And Review Of Literature, Lara Appiah, Subhasis Misra, Stephen Jones

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was a pandemic that began in 2019 and continues to have morbid and deadly consequences throughout the world. During the beginning of the pandemic, many considered older adults and immunocompromised younger adults to be the only populations at risk for the severe consequences of COVID-19. Throughout the pandemic, this was proven wrong with several case reports and studies showing that relatively younger adults can also suffer serious consequences from this perplexing virus.

Case Presentation

We report a rare case of ischemic colitis in a 42-year-old obese man who presented to the emergency department with quintessential …


Metronidazole-Induced Acute Pancreatitis In A Young Female, Tan Tran, Raesham Bukhari, Mahmood Danishwar, Tahminah Kausar, Syed Jaleel 2024 Drexel University College of Medicine

Metronidazole-Induced Acute Pancreatitis In A Young Female, Tan Tran, Raesham Bukhari, Mahmood Danishwar, Tahminah Kausar, Syed Jaleel

Tower Health Research Day

No abstract provided.


Don’T Let The Diarrhea Fool You: A Hazy Presentation Of Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome, Matthew Kent, Leyla Wade, Micah Kaiser, Karen Avgush 2024 Drexel University College of Medicine

Don’T Let The Diarrhea Fool You: A Hazy Presentation Of Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome, Matthew Kent, Leyla Wade, Micah Kaiser, Karen Avgush

Tower Health Research Day

No abstract provided.


Evaluasi Pengukuran Kekakuan Limpa Dalam Memprediksi Perdarahan Varises Esofagus Berulang Pada Pasien Sirosis Hati, Andi Cahaya Tahir, Juferdy Kurniawan, Marcellus Simadibrata, Aulia Rizka, Hamzah Shatri, Cosmas Rinaldi A. Lesmana, Nadia Ayu Mulansari 2024 Hepatobiliary Division, Medical Staff Group of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo National General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Evaluasi Pengukuran Kekakuan Limpa Dalam Memprediksi Perdarahan Varises Esofagus Berulang Pada Pasien Sirosis Hati, Andi Cahaya Tahir, Juferdy Kurniawan, Marcellus Simadibrata, Aulia Rizka, Hamzah Shatri, Cosmas Rinaldi A. Lesmana, Nadia Ayu Mulansari

Jurnal Penyakit Dalam Indonesia

Introduction. Esophageal variceal bleeding is one of the complications caused by an increase in pressure within the portal vein blood vessels. The gold standard examination for portal pressure is the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG), but HVPG examination is invasive, involving transjugular catheterization of the hepatic vein. Currently, non-invasive methods for measuring portal hypertension are being developed to predict esophageal varices and esophageal variceal bleeding using spleen stiffness measurements. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of spleen stiffness measurement in predicting recurrent esophageal variceal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis.

Methods. This study used a retrospective cohort …


Hubungan Tingkat Stres, Kecemasan, Dan Depresi Dengan Konstipasi Fungsional Pada Mahasiswa Kedokteran, Khafifah Z, Wilson Wilson, Agustina Arundina Triharja Tejoyuwono 2024 University of Tanjungpura

Hubungan Tingkat Stres, Kecemasan, Dan Depresi Dengan Konstipasi Fungsional Pada Mahasiswa Kedokteran, Khafifah Z, Wilson Wilson, Agustina Arundina Triharja Tejoyuwono

Jurnal Penyakit Dalam Indonesia

Introduction. Stress, anxiety, and depression are factors associated with functional constipation that affect students’ quality of life. Stress, anxiety, and depression are often experienced by first-year medical students, but studies assessing these three variables with functional constipation are still limited.

Methods. This study used a cross-sectional analytical design. Study was carried out in July 2023 involving 88 first-year medical students from the Tanjungpura University Medical Study Program. Analysis of relationship tests was carried out using Kendall’s Tau-B tests.

Results. Most students were in the normal category of stress, anxiety and depression levels, however 21 students were in …


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