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Shingles Vaccine: Identifying High Risk Groups In The Ibd Clinic Setting, Crystal Barajas 2019 University of San Diego

Shingles Vaccine: Identifying High Risk Groups In The Ibd Clinic Setting, Crystal Barajas

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Title: Shingles Vaccine: Identifying high risk groups in the IBD clinic setting

Background: The Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) population is an immunocompromised patient population who is at risk for Herpes Zoster (HZ) due to their medication regimen, which further compromises their immune system. It can be difficult for patients to receive appropriate preventative health maintenance measures due to patients’ fears, primary care providers’ lack of knowledge, and gastroenterologists not addressing what may be considered primary care topics. Furthermore, evidence demonstrates that IBD patients have low vaccination rates despite insurance coverage.

Purpose of Project: (a) To increase awareness of the importance ...


Sub-Region Based Radiomics Analysis For Survival Prediction In Oesophageal Tumours Treated By Definitive Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy, Congying Xie, Pengfei Yang, Xuebang Zhang, Lei Xu, Xiaoju Wang, Xiadong Li, Luhan Zhang, Ruifei Xie, Ling Yang, Zhao Jing, Hongfang Zhang, Lingyu Ding, Yu Kuang, Tianye Niu, Shixiu Wu 2019 Wenzhou Medical University

Sub-Region Based Radiomics Analysis For Survival Prediction In Oesophageal Tumours Treated By Definitive Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy, Congying Xie, Pengfei Yang, Xuebang Zhang, Lei Xu, Xiaoju Wang, Xiadong Li, Luhan Zhang, Ruifei Xie, Ling Yang, Zhao Jing, Hongfang Zhang, Lingyu Ding, Yu Kuang, Tianye Niu, Shixiu Wu

Health Physics & Diagnostic Sciences Faculty Publications

Background: Evaluating clinical outcome prior to concurrent chemoradiotherapy remains challenging for oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) as traditional prognostic markers are assessed at the completion of treatment. Herein, we investigated the potential of using sub-region radiomics as a novel tumour biomarker in predicting overall survival of OSCC patients treated by concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Methods: Independent patient cohorts from two hospitals were included for training (n = 87) and validation (n = 46). Radiomics features were extracted from sub-regions clustered from patients' tumour regions using K-means method. The LASSO regression for ‘Cox’ method was used for feature selection. The survival prediction model was constructed ...


Pediatric Ppi Use And Fractures, Nathan R. Fleishman MD, Thomas M. Attard, Troy E. Richardson 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital

Pediatric Ppi Use And Fractures, Nathan R. Fleishman Md, Thomas M. Attard, Troy E. Richardson

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Crohn’S Disease On Villous Length And Cyp3a4 Expression In The Pediatric Small Intestine, Brian D. Chapron 2019 Kansas City Children's Mercy

Effect Of Crohn’S Disease On Villous Length And Cyp3a4 Expression In The Pediatric Small Intestine, Brian D. Chapron

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Gigantic Stomach: A Rare Manifestation Of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Amaninder Dhaliwal, Sarvani Madiraju, Banreet S. Dhindsa, Getaw W. Hassen, Fedja A. Rochling 2019 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Gigantic Stomach: A Rare Manifestation Of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Amaninder Dhaliwal, Sarvani Madiraju, Banreet S. Dhindsa, Getaw W. Hassen, Fedja A. Rochling

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is characterized by degeneration and atrophy of skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscles after a latent period of apparently normal development and function. The gastrointestinal manifestations start in the second decade of life and are mainly due to atrophy of smooth muscle layers. Refractory gastroparesis and chronic constipation can lead to severe gastric and small bowel dilatation, which can be life threatening. Here, we present a case of a 21-year-old male with a gigantic stomach secondary to DMD resolved with conservative management and no surgical intervention.


A Nsqip Analysis Of Post-Operative Antibiotic Utilization In Uncomplicated Appendicitis, Charlene Dekonenko, Robert M. Dorman, Janelle R. Noel-Macdonnell, Tolulope A. Oyetunji 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital

A Nsqip Analysis Of Post-Operative Antibiotic Utilization In Uncomplicated Appendicitis, Charlene Dekonenko, Robert M. Dorman, Janelle R. Noel-Macdonnell, Tolulope A. Oyetunji

Posters

APSA 2010 recommendations do not support antibiotic use post-operatively following appendectomy for uncomplicated appendicitis, but compliance varies by institution. This study determined the rate of post-operative antibiotic use in uncomplicated appendicitis and found that 10% of patients were discharged on antibiotics, using the NSQIP files.


Self-Reported Outcomes Following Cholecystectomy For Pediatric Hyperkinetic Biliary Dyskinesia, Charlene Dekonenko, Joseph A. Sujka, Robert Michael Dorman, Tolulope A. Oyetunji, Shawn D. St Peter 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital

Self-Reported Outcomes Following Cholecystectomy For Pediatric Hyperkinetic Biliary Dyskinesia, Charlene Dekonenko, Joseph A. Sujka, Robert Michael Dorman, Tolulope A. Oyetunji, Shawn D. St Peter

Posters

The aim of this study is to determine if children with hyperkinetic biliary dyskinesia have resolution of symptoms after laparoscopic cholecystectomy at our institution.

Conclusion: Cholecystectomy for hyperkinetic biliary dyskinesia may or may not improve symptoms. Further research should focus on pathophysiology of the disease in order to create an evidence-based definition of biliary dyskinesia in children to determine who will benefit from cholecystectomy.


Diabetic Gastroparesis: Perspectives From A Patient And Health Care Providers, Adam D. Farmer, Caroline E. Bruckner-Holt, Susanne Schwartz, Emma Sadler, Sri Kadirkamanthan 2019 University of Keele

Diabetic Gastroparesis: Perspectives From A Patient And Health Care Providers, Adam D. Farmer, Caroline E. Bruckner-Holt, Susanne Schwartz, Emma Sadler, Sri Kadirkamanthan

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Gastroparesis is defined as a delay in gastric emptying in the absence of mechanical obstruction in the stomach. Gastroparesis has a number of causes, including postsurgical, secondary to medications, postinfectious, idiopathic, and as a complication of diabetes mellitus, where it is underrecognized. The cardinal symptoms of diabetic gastroparesis are nausea, early satiety, bloating, and vomiting. Diabetic gastroparesis is more common in females and has a cumulative incidence of 5% in type 1 diabetes and 1% in type 2 diabetes. It is associated with a reduction in quality of life and exerts a significant burden on health care resources. The pathophysiology ...


Suffering In Silence: Is Gastroparesis Underdiagnosed?, Dennis J. Baumgardner 2019 Aurora UW Medical Group, Aurora Health Care

Suffering In Silence: Is Gastroparesis Underdiagnosed?, Dennis J. Baumgardner

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

In this introduction to Volume 6, Issue 2, the editor-in-chief of the Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews offers additional comment to the clinical review of diabetic gastroparesis authored by Farmer and colleagues (p. 148), regarding the problem of undiagnosed disease. Increased awareness of this entity and appropriate questioning regarding symptoms of diabetic gastroparesis in the primary care setting may prevent the “suffering in silence” experienced by many patients with this complication.


Immune And Inflammatory Pathways In Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (Nash). An Update, Sorina Cezara Coste, Ionela Popovici, Andreea Maria Stefan, Iulia Breaban, Adela Sitar Taut, Simina Tarmure Sarlea, Angela Cozma, Dorel Sampelean, Olga Hilda Orasan, Vasile Negrean, Lucia Maria Procopciuc 2019 uliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 4th Medical Clinic, Department no. 5 of Internal Medicine, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Immune And Inflammatory Pathways In Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (Nash). An Update, Sorina Cezara Coste, Ionela Popovici, Andreea Maria Stefan, Iulia Breaban, Adela Sitar Taut, Simina Tarmure Sarlea, Angela Cozma, Dorel Sampelean, Olga Hilda Orasan, Vasile Negrean, Lucia Maria Procopciuc

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), also known as fatty liver disease (FLD), is a major public health problem. It is considered to be the hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome. Chronic inflammation of the liver is an essential key in the progression from simple hepatic steatosis to steatohepatitis, the evolutionary stage of fatty liver disease. Moreover, the innate immune system plays a crucial role in the progression of hepatic inflammation. For this reason, it is of utmost importance to elucidate the connections between immune mechanisms, Toll-like receptor cytokine signalling, in order to find new effective treatments. Further studies are necessary to test ...


The Relationship Between Gut Microbiota And Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis In Patients With Liver Cirrhosis - A Literature Review, Roxana-Emanuela Popoiag, Anca Mihaela Pantea Stoian, Adrian P. Suceveanu, Andra I. Suceveanu, Laura Mazilu, Irinel R. Parepa, Laura M. Serban, Mihai Paunica, Catalina Motofei, Carmen Fierbinteanu Braticevici 2019 Ovidius University, Faculty of Medicine Constanta, Emergency Hospital of Constanta, 1st Internal Medicine Clinic, Constanta, Romania

The Relationship Between Gut Microbiota And Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis In Patients With Liver Cirrhosis - A Literature Review, Roxana-Emanuela Popoiag, Anca Mihaela Pantea Stoian, Adrian P. Suceveanu, Andra I. Suceveanu, Laura Mazilu, Irinel R. Parepa, Laura M. Serban, Mihai Paunica, Catalina Motofei, Carmen Fierbinteanu Braticevici

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Gut microbiota is an essential component in the pathogenesis of liver cirrhosis and its complications. There is a direct relationship between the gut and the liver called the gutliver axis through which bacteria can reach the liver through the portal venous blood. However, it remains unclear how bacteria leave the intestine and reach the fluid collection in the abdomen. A series of mechanisms have been postulated to be involved in the pathogenesis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) and other complications of liver cirrhosis, including bacterial translocation, bacterial overgrowth, altered intestinal permeability and dysfunctional immunity. The hepatic function may also be ...


Aortoduodenal Fistula Forms From Primary Aortic Stump Graft In A Two-Time Multi-Visceral Transplant Patient With Presentation Of Gastrointestinal Bleed And Bowel Perforation: A Case Report, Brielle Corrente 2019 Duquesne University

Aortoduodenal Fistula Forms From Primary Aortic Stump Graft In A Two-Time Multi-Visceral Transplant Patient With Presentation Of Gastrointestinal Bleed And Bowel Perforation: A Case Report, Brielle Corrente

Graduate Student Research Symposium

Usually not diagnosed until open laparotomy, aortoduodenalfistulas (ADF) are one of the rarest complications of intestinal transplant surgery. With an incidence rate of only 0.04% at autopsy and only 250 documented cases since the early 1800’s, aortoduodenal fistulas are the most deadly complications of intestinal transplantation with a mortality rate of 100% without surgical intervention. A 39 year old, two-time multi-visceral transplant African American female patient suffered from a primary aortoduodenal fistula formation in a primary modified multi-visceral transplant aortic stump graft site. With emergency open laparotomy repair, revascularization of the secondary multi-visceral transplant was performed, saving the ...


The Pharmabiotic For Phenylketonuria: Development Of A Novel Therapeutic, Chloé Elizabeth LeBegue 2019 University of South Carolina

The Pharmabiotic For Phenylketonuria: Development Of A Novel Therapeutic, Chloé Elizabeth Lebegue

Senior Theses

Phenylketonuria, now known as phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) deficiency, is a genetic disorder of metabolism affecting approximately one in every 15,000 infants born in the United States. Patients have nonfunctional PAH enzyme secondary to one or more genetic mutations. The enzyme deficit results in destructive supraphysiologic blood phenylalanine levels upon consumption of the essential dietary amino acid phenylalanine. Current standards of care mitigate signs and symptoms of the disorder, but do not approach a cure. The methods for creating a prototype pharmabiotic as an innovative treatment strategy for PAH deficiency are described herein.

DNA molecular cloning techniques were utilized to ...


Extracellular Vesicles In Liver Diseases: Meeting Report From The International Liver Congress 2018, Jesus M. Banales, Ariel E. Feldstein, Hanna Sanger, Veronika Lukacs-Kornek, Gyongyi Szabo, Miroslaw Kornek 2019 University of the Basque Country

Extracellular Vesicles In Liver Diseases: Meeting Report From The International Liver Congress 2018, Jesus M. Banales, Ariel E. Feldstein, Hanna Sanger, Veronika Lukacs-Kornek, Gyongyi Szabo, Miroslaw Kornek

Gyongyi Szabo

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are small and heterogeneous membrane-bound structures released by cells and found in all biological fluids. They are effective intercellular communicators, acting on a number of close and/or distant target cells. EV cargo may reflect the cell of origin as well as the specific stress that induces their formation and release. They transport a variety of bioactive molecules, including messenger RNA, noncoding RNAs, proteins, lipids, and metabolites, that can be transferred among cells, regulating various cell responses. Alteration in the concentration and composition of EVs in biological fluids is a typical hallmark of pathologies in different liver ...


Inhibition Of Triggering Receptor Expressed On Myeloid Cells 1 Ameliorates Inflammation And Macrophage And Neutrophil Activation In Alcoholic Liver Disease In Mice, David Tornai, Istvan Furi, Zu T. Shen, Alexander B. Sigalov, Sahin Coban, Gyongyi Szabo 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Inhibition Of Triggering Receptor Expressed On Myeloid Cells 1 Ameliorates Inflammation And Macrophage And Neutrophil Activation In Alcoholic Liver Disease In Mice, David Tornai, Istvan Furi, Zu T. Shen, Alexander B. Sigalov, Sahin Coban, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is characterized by macrophage and neutrophil leukocyte recruitment and activation in the liver. Damage- and pathogen-associated molecular patterns contribute to a self-perpetuating proinflammatory state in ALD. Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 (TREM-1) is a surface receptor that amplifies inflammation induced by toll-like receptors (TLRs) and is expressed on neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages. We hypothesized that TREM-1 signaling contributes to proinflammatory pathway activation in ALD. Using an in vivo ALD model in mice, we tested the effects of ligand-independent TREM-1 inhibitory peptides that were formulated into human high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-mimicking complexes GF9-HDL and GA ...


Healthy Bodegas: Bringing The Community Together To Eat Healthier, Laura N. Amweg, Laura Hayman 2019 University of Massachusetts Boston

Healthy Bodegas: Bringing The Community Together To Eat Healthier, Laura N. Amweg, Laura Hayman

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence rates have remained stable in the United States (U.S.) the past 30 years, however, there has been a significant increase in CRC incidence among the millennial generation. The association between the Western diet and CRC, and racial and gender disparities in CRC is well-established. Public health and community efforts are needed to address barriers to healthy nutrition in this population. One identified barrier is food access in lower-income communities, sometimes called "food deserts." Local stores, or "bodegas," have potential to increase access to healthy affordable foods and contribute to risk reduction for the development ...


Management Of Microscopic Colitis: Challenges And Solutions, Julia Shor, Gustavo Churrango, Nooshin Hosseini, Christopher Marshall 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Management Of Microscopic Colitis: Challenges And Solutions, Julia Shor, Gustavo Churrango, Nooshin Hosseini, Christopher Marshall

Open Access Articles

Microscopic colitis (MC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease characterized by nonbloody diarrhea in the setting of normal appearing colonic mucosa. MC has two main subtypes based on histopathologic features, collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis. Management of both subtypes is the same, with treatment goal of reducing the number of bowel movements and improving consistency. First-line treatment involves counseling the patient about decreasing their risk factors, like discontinuing smoking and avoiding medications with suspected association such as NSAIDs, proton pump inhibitor, ranitidine, and sertraline. Starting loperamide for immediate symptomatic relief is used as an adjunct to therapy with glucocorticoids. Budesonide ...


Compartmentalization Of Immune Response And Microbial Translocation In Decompensated Cirrhosis, Camila Alvarez-Silva, Robert Schierwagen, Alessandra Pohlmann, Fernando Magdaleno, Frank E. Uschner, Patrick Ryan, Maria J.G.T. Vehreschild, Joan Claria, Eicke Latz, Benjamin Lelouvier, Manimozhiyan Arumugam, Jonel Trebicka 2019 University of Copenhagen

Compartmentalization Of Immune Response And Microbial Translocation In Decompensated Cirrhosis, Camila Alvarez-Silva, Robert Schierwagen, Alessandra Pohlmann, Fernando Magdaleno, Frank E. Uschner, Patrick Ryan, Maria J.G.T. Vehreschild, Joan Claria, Eicke Latz, Benjamin Lelouvier, Manimozhiyan Arumugam, Jonel Trebicka

Open Access Articles

Background: Acquired dysfunctional immunity in cirrhosis predisposes patients to frequent bacterial infections, especially spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP), leading to systemic inflammation that is associated with poor outcome. But systemic inflammation can also be found in the absence of a confirmed infection. Detection of bacterial DNA has been investigated as a marker of SBP and as a predictor of prognosis. Data is, however, contradictory. Here we investigated whether levels of IL-6 and IL-8 putatively produced by myeloid cells in ascites are associated with systemic inflammation and whether inflammation depends on the presence of specific bacterial DNA.

Methods and Materials: We enrolled ...


Pharmacological Management Of Cystic Fibrosis - Exploring The Therapeutic Advancements In Cystic Fibrosis, Jessica Justiz 2019 Baptist Hospital of Miami

Pharmacological Management Of Cystic Fibrosis - Exploring The Therapeutic Advancements In Cystic Fibrosis, Jessica Justiz

All Publications

No abstract provided.


I Can't Breathe - Cystic Fibrosis, Mayret Gonzalez 2019 Homestead Hospital

I Can't Breathe - Cystic Fibrosis, Mayret Gonzalez

All Publications

No abstract provided.


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