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Complications Of Pediatric Cochlear Implant Surgery, Andrew Stefan, Sabrina Bernardo, William Azkoul II, Bianca Siegel 2022 Wayne State University

Complications Of Pediatric Cochlear Implant Surgery, Andrew Stefan, Sabrina Bernardo, William Azkoul Ii, Bianca Siegel

Medical Student Research Symposium

Background:

Cochlear implantation (CI) surgery is the standard of care treatment for pediatric patients diagnosed with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss. While considered a relatively safe operation, any invasive procedure involving the cranium has risks. However, there are few recent studies in the United States that have analyzed complication rates among children who have received CI. Furthermore, existing studies fail to discuss specific risk factors that led to post-operative complications, nor offer solutions to reduce their incidence. This study aims to 1) determine the incidence of specific complications in pediatric CI patients and 2) identify evidence-based risk factors for ...


Diagnosis, Management, And Treatment Of Lymphadenitis And Deep Neck Space Infections At A Children’S Hospital, Aaron Shaw 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Diagnosis, Management, And Treatment Of Lymphadenitis And Deep Neck Space Infections At A Children’S Hospital, Aaron Shaw

Research Days

Background: Although cervical lymphadenitis and deep neck space abscesses (DNSA) are relatively common pediatric diagnoses, no standardized approach exists for management of these infections.

Objectives/Goal: To assess variability in diagnosis and treatment of cervical lymphadenitis and DNSA in a children’s hospital.

Methods/Design: Charts were obtained using ICD9/10 codes for diagnoses of retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal abscess, and lymphadenitis between 1/1/10-12/31/20. 1,237 charts were identified. Patients with a retropharyngeal and/or parapharyngeal abscess were defined as DNSA. Charts were excluded if the diagnosis was not a bacterial infection (e.g. Kawasaki disease), if ...


Identification Of Risk Factors Associated With Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (Npc) In The Pahang State Of Malaysia Hospitals, Azmir Ahmad, Muzaitul Akma Mustapa Kamal Basha, Wardah Mohd. Yassin, Nor Azlina A. Rahman, Wan Ishlah Leman, Luqman Rosla, Sharifah Nor Ezura Syed Yussof, Mark Paul, Kamariah Mohamed Awang, Kahari Abdullah, Mohd. Arifin Kaderi 2022 Department of Basic Medical Science for Nursing, Kulliyyah of Nursing, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan 25200, Malaysia

Identification Of Risk Factors Associated With Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (Npc) In The Pahang State Of Malaysia Hospitals, Azmir Ahmad, Muzaitul Akma Mustapa Kamal Basha, Wardah Mohd. Yassin, Nor Azlina A. Rahman, Wan Ishlah Leman, Luqman Rosla, Sharifah Nor Ezura Syed Yussof, Mark Paul, Kamariah Mohamed Awang, Kahari Abdullah, Mohd. Arifin Kaderi

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is the fifth most common cancer reported in Malaysia. Although several studies on NPC have been carried out, the risk factors associated with NPC in Malaysia are unknown. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the risk factors associated with NPC cases in Pahang state.

Methods: NPC cases that were diagnosed between 2012 and 2017 were recruited from two referral hospitals in Pahang. An interview was conducted using adapted questionnaires, which included demographic data, family history of cancer, and lifestyle. The data were analyzed statistically to identify the associations between the selected variables and NPC.

Results ...


Retropharyngeal Abscess And Pott’S Disease Due To Tuberculosis: A Case Report, Bailey N. Hassman, Steven D. Curry, Jonathan H. Ryder, Angela L. Hewlett, Jayme R. Dowdall 2021 University of Nebraska, College of Medicine

Retropharyngeal Abscess And Pott’S Disease Due To Tuberculosis: A Case Report, Bailey N. Hassman, Steven D. Curry, Jonathan H. Ryder, Angela L. Hewlett, Jayme R. Dowdall

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

Introduction: Extrapulmonary mycobacterial infection can lead to vertebral spondylitis and osteomyelitis (Pott’s disease). Retropharyngeal abscess with concurrent spinal osteomyelitis is a rare presentation of tuberculosis in the US. Chart review on a patient was completed, and the relevant published literature was reviewed.

Case Presentation: A previously healthy 34-year-old male originally from Sudan presented to an outside hospital with a 2-month history of neck pain, sore throat, odynophagia, fevers, and chills. MRI showed a retropharyngeal abscess and suspected cervical spine osteomyelitis. Acid-fast bacillus (AFB) smear was positive from a neck drain specimen, but sputum was negative. Chest imaging did not ...


Generating Cisplatin Resistant Hpv-Positive Hnscc Cell Lines, Temitope Akintola 2021 Western University

Generating Cisplatin Resistant Hpv-Positive Hnscc Cell Lines, Temitope Akintola

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Acquired or innate resistance to chemotherapy poses a significant challenge in the treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC). HNSCCs are often treated with a combination of surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, with cisplatin being a standard-of-care chemotherapy drug. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) associated HNSCCs have better treatment outcomes and prognosis when compared to HPV- HNSCCs. However, a subset (15-20%) of HPV+ patients develop treatment resistant diseases. The purpose of this study is to generate in-vitro models of cisplatin resistance in five HNSCC cell lines. We aim to characterize the generated cells in order to identify target genes that may ...


Resilience And Its Associated Factors In Head And Neck Cancer Patients In Pakistan: An Analytical Cross-Sectional Study, Nida Zahid, Wajeeha Zahid, Wardah Khalid, Syed Iqbal Azam, Mubasher Ikram, Aneesa Hassan, Haissan Iftikhar, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Adnan Jabbar, Shabbir Akhtar, Moghira Siddiqui, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Nargis Asad, Khabir Ahmad 2021 Aga Khan University

Resilience And Its Associated Factors In Head And Neck Cancer Patients In Pakistan: An Analytical Cross-Sectional Study, Nida Zahid, Wajeeha Zahid, Wardah Khalid, Syed Iqbal Azam, Mubasher Ikram, Aneesa Hassan, Haissan Iftikhar, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Adnan Jabbar, Shabbir Akhtar, Moghira Siddiqui, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Nargis Asad, Khabir Ahmad

Department of Surgery

Introduction: The study aimed to assess resilience and its associated factors in head and neck cancer patients, post-treatment in a low middle income country (LMIC) such as Pakistan.
Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2019 to May 2020 among head and neck cancer patients aged at least 18 years at the largest private tertiary care hospital, in Karachi, Pakistan. Information regarding their resilience scores was collected through Wagnild and Young's Resilience scale that comprises of 14 items (RS-14). Moreover, depression and anxiety were also assessed via Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and social support was ...


Synchronous Primary Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma And Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: A Case Report Highlighting "Lymphoma First Approach", Rahim Dhanani, Ambreen Abdullah Unar, Muhammad Hassan Danish, Hamdan Ahmed Pasha, Ummiya Tahir, Mubasher Ikram 2021 Aga Khan University

Synchronous Primary Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma And Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: A Case Report Highlighting "Lymphoma First Approach", Rahim Dhanani, Ambreen Abdullah Unar, Muhammad Hassan Danish, Hamdan Ahmed Pasha, Ummiya Tahir, Mubasher Ikram

Section of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common type of all thyroid carcinomas and accounts for up to 90% of all thyroid malignancies. It is the most indolent form of the disease and has an excellent prognosis. On the other hand, Primary thyroid lymphoma (PTL) is a rare entity accounting for only about 1% to 5% of all thyroid malignancies and only 2% of extranodal lymphomas. Synchronous PTC and PTL is a very rare condition and only a few cases have been reported in the literature up till now. We report one such case in a 52-year-old lady who was ...


Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Of External Auditory Canal: A Rare Disease, Abdul Basit Shah Vardag, Muhammad Hassan Danish, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Omaima Anis Bhatti, Muhammad Hammad Deewani 2021 Aga Khan University

Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Of External Auditory Canal: A Rare Disease, Abdul Basit Shah Vardag, Muhammad Hassan Danish, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Omaima Anis Bhatti, Muhammad Hammad Deewani

Section of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery

External auditory canal, like other epithelialized surfaces is predisposed to malignancies such as Squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), melanomas and adenocarcinomas. In this background, malignancies like adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) are a rare occurrence and need to be thoroughly evaluated both locally and for distant extension. The malignancy needs to be addressed with an aggressive approach surgically with adequate marginal clearance. The role of radiation is debatable considering the outcomes in the limited data. Here we present the case of a 35-year-old female who came in with otalgia and otorrhea associated with a mass in the external auditory canal. After biopsy ...


Prevalence Of Allergic Fungal Sinusitis Among Patients With Nasal Polyposis, Rahim Dhanani, Shayan Khalid, Basit Salam, Hamdan Ahmed Pasha, Farah Hafiz Yousuf, Mubasher Ikram 2021 Aga Khan University

Prevalence Of Allergic Fungal Sinusitis Among Patients With Nasal Polyposis, Rahim Dhanani, Shayan Khalid, Basit Salam, Hamdan Ahmed Pasha, Farah Hafiz Yousuf, Mubasher Ikram

Section of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery

Objective: To determine the frequency of allergic fungal sinusitis among patients with nasal polyps, and to compare Lund-Mackay scores of patients with and without allergic fungal sinusitis.
Methods: The cross-sectional longitudinal study was conducted at a tertiary healthcare centre in Karachi, Pakistan, from December 2016 to November 2018, and comprised patients with sinonasal polyposis undergoing surgery. The patients were categorised as having allergic fungal sinusitis when histopathology showed allergic mucin with fungal hyphae and culture was positive for fungal growth. Lund-Mackay scoring of each patient was noted and mean scores of allergic fungal sinusitis and non-allergic fungal sinusitis patients were ...


Streptococcal Pharyngitis: Delving Deeper Than The Throat, Sadaf Sheikh, Umair Javed, Muhammad Akbar Baig 2021 Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman

Streptococcal Pharyngitis: Delving Deeper Than The Throat, Sadaf Sheikh, Umair Javed, Muhammad Akbar Baig

Department of Emergency Medicine

Acute rhabdomyolysis and elevated transaminases during streptococcal pharyngitis are rare presentations. The proposed pathophysiological mechanisms include direct bacterial invasion and toxin generation. Physicians should be aware of the association between these infections and the above-mentioned complications to facilitate optimal treatment of these patients. We present the case of a 18-years-old gentleman with β-haemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis complicated by rhabdomyolysis and elevated liver function tests. Such high levels of creatine phosphokinase of 111856 IU/L and elevated liver function tests with aspartate aminotransferase (AST) of 1862 U/L and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) of 1003 U/L in streptococcal pharyngitis is rare to ...


Role Of The Otolaryngologist In Nasopharyngeal Swab Training: A Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Mark Liu, Prithwijit Roychowdhury, Christopher J. Ito 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Role Of The Otolaryngologist In Nasopharyngeal Swab Training: A Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Mark Liu, Prithwijit Roychowdhury, Christopher J. Ito

COVID-19 Publications by UMass Chan Authors

Nasopharyngeal swabs are commonly done in the medical field for a multitude of reasons, and they recently have been an essential component of widespread testing to control the spread of COVID-19. Although rare, improper technique when performing nasopharyngeal swabs has the potential to lead to injury or misleading test results. We present a case of uncontrolled epistaxis requiring hospitalization following a routine nasopharyngeal swab in a healthy patient. Both the complexity and variability of the anatomy of the nasopharynx can contribute to poor swabbing technique. Otolaryngologists should be encouraged to educate and support other healthcare workers to improve the yield ...


Level I Nodal Positivity As A Factor For Involvement Of The Submandibular Gland In Oral Cavity Carcinoma: A Case Series Report, Hamdan Ahmed Pasha, Rahim Dhanani, Shayan Khalid, Kulsoom Ghias, Mumtaz Jamshed Khan 2021 Aga Khan University

Level I Nodal Positivity As A Factor For Involvement Of The Submandibular Gland In Oral Cavity Carcinoma: A Case Series Report, Hamdan Ahmed Pasha, Rahim Dhanani, Shayan Khalid, Kulsoom Ghias, Mumtaz Jamshed Khan

Section of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery

Introduction: The routine practice of neck dissection in the surgical management of oral carcinoma has evolved into a more functionally conservative approach. Over time, the rationale for removal of the submandibular gland has been questioned. Routine extirpation of the submandibular gland can aggravate the xerostomia experienced by many patients, significantly affecting their quality of life.
Objective: The objective of the present study was to determine the incidence of submandibular gland metastases in oral cavity carcinoma and to identify possible factors that may affect their involvement.
Methods: A total of 149 cases of oral carcinoma presenting at a private tertiary care ...


Role Of Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomography In Assessing Cervical Lymph Node Metastases In Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Talha Ahmed Qureshi, Muhammad Wasif, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Adnan Yar Muhammad, Ainulakbar Mughal, Abdullah Ameen 2021 Patel Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan

Role Of Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomography In Assessing Cervical Lymph Node Metastases In Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Talha Ahmed Qureshi, Muhammad Wasif, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Adnan Yar Muhammad, Ainulakbar Mughal, Abdullah Ameen

Section of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery

Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan in detecting cervical nodal metastasis in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma.
Methods: The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. and comprised records from January 1, 2015, to October 31, 2016, of patients diagnosed with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma and who underwent surgical resection of primary tumour along with neck dissection after having a contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan of head and neck. Diagnostic accuracy of the scans was calculated using final histopathology as the gold standard. All scans were reviewed by a consultant ...


Screening For Malnutrition In Oral Cavity Cancer Patients Prior To Treatment: A Cross-Sectional Study, Haissan Iftikhar, Anwar Suhail, Amna Urooba, Karim Rizwan Nathani, Zeeshan Shaikh, Muhammad Wasif 2021 Aga Khan University

Screening For Malnutrition In Oral Cavity Cancer Patients Prior To Treatment: A Cross-Sectional Study, Haissan Iftikhar, Anwar Suhail, Amna Urooba, Karim Rizwan Nathani, Zeeshan Shaikh, Muhammad Wasif

Section of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery

This study was conducted to assess the frequency of pre-operative malnourishment in patients being treated for oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma. A retrospective chart review was carried out at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, on 62 patients. Patients were screened pre-operatively through a standard nutritional assessment tool at the time of admission to assess for malnutrition. Mean age of presentation was 48.34±13.11 years, mean height was 165 ± 8.62cm, weight 66.09±14.98 kg and BMI of 24.09±4.84. Males were 82.3% and 17.7% were females. At the time of admission ...


Use Of Endoscope In Teaching Of Otolaryngology Residents About Site And Size Of Tympanic Membrane Perforation And Its Impact On Degree Of Hearing Loss In Adult Patients: A Cross Sectional Study, Muntazir Hussain, Muhammad Wasif, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Shayan Khalid, Zeeshan Sheikh, Haissan Iftikhar 2021 Cancer Foundation Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan

Use Of Endoscope In Teaching Of Otolaryngology Residents About Site And Size Of Tympanic Membrane Perforation And Its Impact On Degree Of Hearing Loss In Adult Patients: A Cross Sectional Study, Muntazir Hussain, Muhammad Wasif, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Shayan Khalid, Zeeshan Sheikh, Haissan Iftikhar

Section of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery

Objective: To determine the association between site and size of perforation of the tympanic membrane and the level of conductive hearing.
Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2015 to October 2016 at Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi and comprised patients with tympanic membrane perforation without any other middle-ear disease. Karl-Storz Rigid Endoscope attached to a camera was used to take pictures of the tympanic membrane. Site of the perforation was determined using a vertical line to divide the membrane into two anterior and posterior halves. Size of the perforation was calculated as a percentage of the total membrane ...


Training In Temporal Bone Surgery: A Review Of Current Practices, Muhammad Wasif, Abdul Basit Shah Vardag, Ainulakbar Mughal, Syed Akbar Abbas, Shayan Khalid, Hamdan Ahmed Pasha 2021 Aga Khan University

Training In Temporal Bone Surgery: A Review Of Current Practices, Muhammad Wasif, Abdul Basit Shah Vardag, Ainulakbar Mughal, Syed Akbar Abbas, Shayan Khalid, Hamdan Ahmed Pasha

Section of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery

The temporal bone consists of complex anatomy, and the presence of various vital structures in close proximity makes the surgery of temporal bone highly challenging. Such a surgery requires years of training under the direct observation of trainers. Over the course of history, different training models have been adopted by experts to help train the young surgeons in this complex procedure. Cadaveric dissections of the temporal bone remains the gold standard in training of residents as the cadavers present the actual anatomical details which the surgeons encounter while operating on patients. However, due to scarcity of available cadavers, their one-time-only ...


Efficacy Of Sublingual Immunotherapy In The Treatment Of House-Dust Mite Induced Allergic Rhinitis, Sirena Saleet 2021 Arcadia University

Efficacy Of Sublingual Immunotherapy In The Treatment Of House-Dust Mite Induced Allergic Rhinitis, Sirena Saleet

Capstone Showcase

Introduction: House-dust mite (HDM) induced allergic rhinitis (AR) is a chronic condition associated with rhinorrhea, nasal obstruction, nasal pruritus and sneezing. The current mainstay of treatment is intranasal corticosteroids, which have shown variable degrees of symptom control among patients. Chronic use is typically required to achieve continued relief. Immunotherapy works to increase peripheral immune tolerance by administration of the allergen itself. Not only does it have the potential to decrease acute symptoms of allergic rhinitis, but it is also the sole treatment offering disease-modifying potential with long-term use. Immunotherapy is an option which can eliminate both the chronic administration of ...


Costs Associated With Recurrent Epistaxis In A Patient With A Ventricular Assist Device, Eric T. Rohe, Evan M. Ryan, Jayme R. Dowdall, Dwight T. Jones 2020 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Costs Associated With Recurrent Epistaxis In A Patient With A Ventricular Assist Device, Eric T. Rohe, Evan M. Ryan, Jayme R. Dowdall, Dwight T. Jones

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

Mucosal bleeding is a well-known complication of having a ventricular assist device and commonly presents with epistaxis. Although the frequency of epistaxis as a complication in patients with a ventricular assist device has been documented in the literature, to our knowledge the cost of this complication has not been reported. This case report examines the financial burden of ventricular assist device-associated epistaxis in a single patient from September 2018 to December 2019 using ICD 10 diagnostic codes. The patient was found to have accumulated $138,020 in costs over 38 encounters. This case report not only highlights the recurrent nature ...


American Neurotology Society, American Otological Society, And American Academy Of Otolaryngology - Head And Neck Foundation Guide To Enhance Otologic And Neurotologic Care During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Elliott D. Kozin, Aaron K. Remenschneider, Nikolas H. Blevins, Taha A. Jan, Alicia M. Quesnel, Divya A. Chari, Bradley W. Kesser, Kevin H. Franck, Daniele Marchioni, Frederick G. Barker II, Bob Carter, Robert K. Jackler, D. Bradley Welling, Daniel J. Lee 2020 Harvard Medical School

American Neurotology Society, American Otological Society, And American Academy Of Otolaryngology - Head And Neck Foundation Guide To Enhance Otologic And Neurotologic Care During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Elliott D. Kozin, Aaron K. Remenschneider, Nikolas H. Blevins, Taha A. Jan, Alicia M. Quesnel, Divya A. Chari, Bradley W. Kesser, Kevin H. Franck, Daniele Marchioni, Frederick G. Barker Ii, Bob Carter, Robert K. Jackler, D. Bradley Welling, Daniel J. Lee

COVID-19 Publications by UMass Chan Authors

This combined American Neurotology Society, American Otological Society, and American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Foundation document aims to provide guidance during the coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) on 1) "priority" of care for otologic and neurotologic patients in the office and operating room, and 2) optimal utilization of personal protective equipment. Given the paucity of evidence to inform otologic and neurotologic best practices during COVID-19, the recommendations herein are based on relevant peer-reviewed articles, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 guidelines, United States and international hospital policies, and expert opinion. The suggestions presented here are ...


Prognostic Factors In Patients With Salivary Gland Malignancy: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Moghira Iqbaluddin Siddiqui, Haissan Iftikhar, Umar Farooq Bhatti, Mubasher Ikram 2020 Aga Khan University

Prognostic Factors In Patients With Salivary Gland Malignancy: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Moghira Iqbaluddin Siddiqui, Haissan Iftikhar, Umar Farooq Bhatti, Mubasher Ikram

Section of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery

Our objective was to determine the factors affecting the prognosis in patients with major salivary gland malignancy presenting to Aga Khan University Hospital in Karachi. Retrospective cohort study was carried out at our center on patients diagnosed and treated for salivary gland cancers. Presentation and treatment offered was reviewed from medical charts. Telephonic interviews were conducted to assess the survival of patients who were lost to follow-up. Log rank test was used to compare the mean survival times. A total of 36 patients were included in the study. The mean age was 45.1 +/- 14.6 years. Majority were male ...


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