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Editorial, Reda Kamela, Ahmed El-Faroukb 2023 Pan Arab Rhinology Society

Editorial, Reda Kamela, Ahmed El-Faroukb

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

No abstract provided.


Chronic Qat Chewing Effects On Nasopharynx, Oropharynx, And Laryngopharynx, Ahmed Mahmoud El Batawi, Ahmad M. Eltelety, Mohamed Abd Elmottaleb Sabaa 2023 ENT Department – Cairo University – Egypt

Chronic Qat Chewing Effects On Nasopharynx, Oropharynx, And Laryngopharynx, Ahmed Mahmoud El Batawi, Ahmad M. Eltelety, Mohamed Abd Elmottaleb Sabaa

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Background Qat (also known as Khat, Kat, Miraa) is a green plant Catha edulis planted mainly in East and South Africa, and The Arabian Peninsula. It is widely and traditionally consumed by people in some regions. It has general effects on different systems such as cardiovascular and nervous system. Local effects were mainly described in the oral cavity such as periodontitis and white keratotic lesions. Scarce studies proved its relationship with cancer development. To date, there is a literature gap in reporting other local manifestations. In this study, the authors discuss additional local manifestations noted with chronic qat chewing. Aim …


Outcomes Of Middle Turbinate-Septal Adhesion Technique And Trans-Septal Middle Turbinate Suture Technique To Prevent Middle Turbinate Lateralization: A Comparative Study, Muaid I. Aziz Baban, Hiwa A. Rawandizi, Hozan F. Ali, Sahar J. Hadi, Shkar N. Mohammed 2023 Unit of Otorhinolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Sulaimani, College of Medicine, Sulaymaniyah Teaching Hospital, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Outcomes Of Middle Turbinate-Septal Adhesion Technique And Trans-Septal Middle Turbinate Suture Technique To Prevent Middle Turbinate Lateralization: A Comparative Study, Muaid I. Aziz Baban, Hiwa A. Rawandizi, Hozan F. Ali, Sahar J. Hadi, Shkar N. Mohammed

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Background Middle turbinate lateralization (MTL) is the most common undesirable sequela after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), which can result in recurrent sinusitis. Objectives To examine the efficacy and outcomes of different techniques to prevent failure of the primary surgery. Patients and methods Eighty patients who presented with chronic rhinosinusitis listed for FESS were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided randomly into two groups, with 40 patients each. In group A, middle turbinate (MT) was stabilized by adhesion technique, and in group B, MT was stabilized via suture technique. A comparison of the effectiveness and the outcomes of both …


Treatment Outcome Of Rhino-Orbital-Cerebral Mucormycosis Patients: A Retrospective Institutional Study, Nishant S. Saxsenaa, Amrita Srivastavaa, Madhu Yadav, S.K. Kanaujia, H.K. Gautama, Shalani Tripathia, Shaleem Khana, Tripti Agrwala 2023 Departments of ENT

Treatment Outcome Of Rhino-Orbital-Cerebral Mucormycosis Patients: A Retrospective Institutional Study, Nishant S. Saxsenaa, Amrita Srivastavaa, Madhu Yadav, S.K. Kanaujia, H.K. Gautama, Shalani Tripathia, Shaleem Khana, Tripti Agrwala

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Introduction Rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis is an acute fungal infection characterized by fungal hyphal invasion of blood vessels resulting in thrombosis and infarction of the nasal, paranasal sinus, orbital, and cerebral tissues. Patients and methods This was a retrospective study conducted on 80 patients with biopsy-proven mucormycosis. The study was carried out in the Mucormycosis Ward of a Tertiary Care Medical College and Hospital during a period of 6 months from May 2021 to October 2021. Results Among 80 patients, 50 (62.5%) were males and 37 (37.5. %) were females. Of the patients, 53.75% were in the age group of 51–70 years. …


Topical Application Versus Intraturbinate Injection Of Botulinum Toxin Type A In The Treatment Of Noninfectious Chronic Rhinosinusitis, Naslshah G. Kazem, Mohamed A. Elsaid, Aya L. Hassan, Abdelrahman A. Abdelalim 2023 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha

Topical Application Versus Intraturbinate Injection Of Botulinum Toxin Type A In The Treatment Of Noninfectious Chronic Rhinosinusitis, Naslshah G. Kazem, Mohamed A. Elsaid, Aya L. Hassan, Abdelrahman A. Abdelalim

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Background Chronic rhinosinusitis is a very common disorder caused by chronic inflammation or irritation of nasal mucosa. Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical application of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) compared with intraturbinate injection for the treatment of noninfectious chronic rhinosinusitis. Patients and methods This prospective comparative study was carried out on 30 patients with noninfectious chronic rhinosinusitis. Patients were divided randomly into two groups. BTX-soaked merocel was applied topically in group A (topical group), which included 15 patients. Intraturbinate BTX injection was applied in group B (injected group), which included …


Review Of First 60 Pituitary Adenoma Cases Of A Skull Base Team, One Center Experience, Osama Hassan, Mohamed Fatthallah, Mohamed El Mallawany 2023 Lecturer of of Otorhinolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Review Of First 60 Pituitary Adenoma Cases Of A Skull Base Team, One Center Experience, Osama Hassan, Mohamed Fatthallah, Mohamed El Mallawany

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Background: Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoid approach of pituitary gland is being effectively replacing microscopic approach. This approach need a lot of training and stepwise learning to reach perfection. This study discuss the experience and pitfalls of an evolving skull base team in one institute. Aim of the work: Analysis of first sixty pituitary adenomas patients operated by an evolving skull base teams in one institute, and highlighting modifications introduced in their technique. Methodology: This is a retrospective analytical study of the medical records of first 60 pituitary adenoma patients who had presented to one center and had endoscopic trans-nasal trans-sphenoidal approach …


Anosmia And/Or Ageusia In Coronavirus Disease 2019-Infected Patients: Role Of Early Corticosteroids And Timeline, Naslshah G. Kazema, Emad R.H. Issakb 2023 Department of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha

Anosmia And/Or Ageusia In Coronavirus Disease 2019-Infected Patients: Role Of Early Corticosteroids And Timeline, Naslshah G. Kazema, Emad R.H. Issakb

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

Aim An increasing number of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases have started to experience unusual symptoms to the virus such as olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions. The study aimed to compare the effects of early corticosteroids (CS) administration versus no administration in the time-to-recovery from olfactory dysfunction in COVID-19. Patients and methods This comparative, nonrandomized study has been conducted at Benha University Hospital and another Primary Health Center in Cairo, Egypt, from January 2021 to June 2021. A total of 83 patients who have met the inclusion criteria were assigned into two groups: early-CS group (41 cases) and no-CS group (42 …


Nasal Surgery Versus Pharyngeal Surgery In The Treatment Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Ruxandra Oana Alius, Viorel Zainea, Catalina Voiosu, Irina Gabriela Ionita, Andreea Rusescu, Oana Denisa Balalau, Catalin Alius, Raluca Oana Pulpa, Razvan Hainarosie 2022 PROF. DR. DORIN HOCIOTĂ INSTITUTE OF PHONOAUDIOLOGY AND FUNCTIONAL ENT SURGERY, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA

Nasal Surgery Versus Pharyngeal Surgery In The Treatment Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Ruxandra Oana Alius, Viorel Zainea, Catalina Voiosu, Irina Gabriela Ionita, Andreea Rusescu, Oana Denisa Balalau, Catalin Alius, Raluca Oana Pulpa, Razvan Hainarosie

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The endemic spread of obesity and unhealthy behaviors of modern society led to revisiting the real prevalence related to obstructive sleep apnea. Recent data support a paradigm shift towards individually tailored treatments which include functional surgery of the upper airways. This paper presents the results of a randomized interventional, prospective study on 68 patients referred by the general practitioner for obstructive sleep apnea. The eligible cohort consisted of 28 patients who were offered functional surgery for definitive relief of obstructive symptoms. After topographic diagnosis of the obstruction site and grading of the severity of the obstructive sleep apnea, the eligible …


Investigating The Correlation Between Lpr & Obesity, Andrew S. Franklin BS, Chad A. Nieri BS, M. Boyd Gillespie MD 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Investigating The Correlation Between Lpr & Obesity, Andrew S. Franklin Bs, Chad A. Nieri Bs, M. Boyd Gillespie Md

Longitudinal Scholar's Project

Objectives: To determine whether Drug-Induced Sleep Endoscopy (DISE) findings of Laryngopharyngeal Reflux (LPR) correlate with obesity, gender, Epworth Sleepiness scale, and OSA severity.

Study design: Single center retrospective cohort study.

Methods: Patients greater than 18 years of age who underwent DISE by one surgeon at a tertiary care center from July 2016 to July 2022 were included. DISE findings, patient characteristics, demographics, polysomnogram(s), and Epworth Sleepiness Scale(s) were extracted. Fisher’s exact test was used to compare categorical variables, and independent sample t-test was used to compare continuous variables. All statistical analyses were performed using IBM SPSS Statistics 28.

Results: …


Complications Of Pediatric Cochlear Implant Surgery, Andrew Stefan, Sabrina Bernardo, William Azkoul II, Bianca Siegel 2022 Wayne State University

Complications Of Pediatric Cochlear Implant Surgery, Andrew Stefan, Sabrina Bernardo, William Azkoul Ii, Bianca Siegel

Medical Student Research Symposium

Background:

Cochlear implantation (CI) surgery is the standard of care treatment for pediatric patients diagnosed with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss. While considered a relatively safe operation, any invasive procedure involving the cranium has risks. However, there are few recent studies in the United States that have analyzed complication rates among children who have received CI. Furthermore, existing studies fail to discuss specific risk factors that led to post-operative complications, nor offer solutions to reduce their incidence. This study aims to 1) determine the incidence of specific complications in pediatric CI patients and 2) identify evidence-based risk factors for …


Diagnosis, Management, And Treatment Of Lymphadenitis And Deep Neck Space Infections At A Children’S Hospital, Aaron Shaw 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Diagnosis, Management, And Treatment Of Lymphadenitis And Deep Neck Space Infections At A Children’S Hospital, Aaron Shaw

Research Days

Background: Although cervical lymphadenitis and deep neck space abscesses (DNSA) are relatively common pediatric diagnoses, no standardized approach exists for management of these infections.

Objectives/Goal: To assess variability in diagnosis and treatment of cervical lymphadenitis and DNSA in a children’s hospital.

Methods/Design: Charts were obtained using ICD9/10 codes for diagnoses of retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal abscess, and lymphadenitis between 1/1/10-12/31/20. 1,237 charts were identified. Patients with a retropharyngeal and/or parapharyngeal abscess were defined as DNSA. Charts were excluded if the diagnosis was not a bacterial infection (e.g. Kawasaki disease), if the lymphadenitis was not in the neck, or if caused by …


Identification Of Risk Factors Associated With Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (Npc) In The Pahang State Of Malaysia Hospitals, Azmir Ahmad, Muzaitul Akma Mustapa Kamal Basha, Wardah Mohd. Yassin, Nor Azlina A. Rahman, Wan Ishlah Leman, Luqman Rosla, Sharifah Nor Ezura Syed Yussof, Mark Paul, Kamariah Mohamed Awang, Kahari Abdullah, Mohd. Arifin Kaderi 2022 Department of Basic Medical Science for Nursing, Kulliyyah of Nursing, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan 25200, Malaysia

Identification Of Risk Factors Associated With Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (Npc) In The Pahang State Of Malaysia Hospitals, Azmir Ahmad, Muzaitul Akma Mustapa Kamal Basha, Wardah Mohd. Yassin, Nor Azlina A. Rahman, Wan Ishlah Leman, Luqman Rosla, Sharifah Nor Ezura Syed Yussof, Mark Paul, Kamariah Mohamed Awang, Kahari Abdullah, Mohd. Arifin Kaderi

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is the fifth most common cancer reported in Malaysia. Although several studies on NPC have been carried out, the risk factors associated with NPC in Malaysia are unknown. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the risk factors associated with NPC cases in Pahang state.

Methods: NPC cases that were diagnosed between 2012 and 2017 were recruited from two referral hospitals in Pahang. An interview was conducted using adapted questionnaires, which included demographic data, family history of cancer, and lifestyle. The data were analyzed statistically to identify the associations between the selected variables and …


The Egyptian Clinical Practice Guidelines Of Otorhinolaryngology, Audio-Vestibular & Phoniatrics (Ecpg-Orlap), The Egyptian CPG 2022 Pan Arab Rhinology Society

The Egyptian Clinical Practice Guidelines Of Otorhinolaryngology, Audio-Vestibular & Phoniatrics (Ecpg-Orlap), The Egyptian Cpg

Pan Arab Journal of Rhinology

1. Acute Rhinosinusitis: Adapted Egyptian Clinical Practice Guidelines
Ahmed Ragab, Reda Kamel, Ashraf Khaled, Baliegh Hamdy, Ahmed Elfarouk, Mohamed Elsharnouby, Hossam Elsherif

2. Chronic Rhinosinusitis: Adapted Egyptian Clinical Practice Guidelines
Ahmed Elfarouk, Magdy Eisa, Mohamed Osama Tomoum

3. Allergic Rhinitis: Adapted Egyptian Clinical Practice Guidelines
Ahmed Ragab, Reda Kamel, Mohamed Gamea, Ayman Medani, Zeyad Mandour

4. Epistaxis: Adapted Egyptian Clinical Practice Guidelines
Ibrahim Rezk Mohammed, Diaa Elhennawi, Mohamed Rifaat Ahmed

5. Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea (CSF): Adapted Egyptian Clinical Practice Guidelines
Ismail Elnashar, Mostafa A. El Taher, Ashraf Elhosini, Tamer Orabi

6. List of Contributors

7. Acknowledgement


Retropharyngeal Abscess And Pott’S Disease Due To Tuberculosis: A Case Report, Bailey N. Hassman, Steven D. Curry, Jonathan H. Ryder, Angela L. Hewlett, Jayme R. Dowdall 2021 University of Nebraska, College of Medicine

Retropharyngeal Abscess And Pott’S Disease Due To Tuberculosis: A Case Report, Bailey N. Hassman, Steven D. Curry, Jonathan H. Ryder, Angela L. Hewlett, Jayme R. Dowdall

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

Introduction: Extrapulmonary mycobacterial infection can lead to vertebral spondylitis and osteomyelitis (Pott’s disease). Retropharyngeal abscess with concurrent spinal osteomyelitis is a rare presentation of tuberculosis in the US. Chart review on a patient was completed, and the relevant published literature was reviewed.

Case Presentation: A previously healthy 34-year-old male originally from Sudan presented to an outside hospital with a 2-month history of neck pain, sore throat, odynophagia, fevers, and chills. MRI showed a retropharyngeal abscess and suspected cervical spine osteomyelitis. Acid-fast bacillus (AFB) smear was positive from a neck drain specimen, but sputum was negative. Chest imaging did not show …


Generating Cisplatin Resistant Hpv-Positive Hnscc Cell Lines, Temitope Akintola 2021 Western University

Generating Cisplatin Resistant Hpv-Positive Hnscc Cell Lines, Temitope Akintola

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Acquired or innate resistance to chemotherapy poses a significant challenge in the treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC). HNSCCs are often treated with a combination of surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, with cisplatin being a standard-of-care chemotherapy drug. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) associated HNSCCs have better treatment outcomes and prognosis when compared to HPV- HNSCCs. However, a subset (15-20%) of HPV+ patients develop treatment resistant diseases. The purpose of this study is to generate in-vitro models of cisplatin resistance in five HNSCC cell lines. We aim to characterize the generated cells in order to identify target genes that may …


Resilience And Its Associated Factors In Head And Neck Cancer Patients In Pakistan: An Analytical Cross-Sectional Study, Nida Zahid, Wajeeha Zahid, Wardah Khalid, Syed Iqbal Azam, Mubasher Ikram, Aneesa Hassan, Haissan Iftikhar, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Adnan Jabbar, Shabbir Akhtar, Moghira Siddiqui, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Nargis Asad, Khabir Ahmad 2021 Aga Khan University

Resilience And Its Associated Factors In Head And Neck Cancer Patients In Pakistan: An Analytical Cross-Sectional Study, Nida Zahid, Wajeeha Zahid, Wardah Khalid, Syed Iqbal Azam, Mubasher Ikram, Aneesa Hassan, Haissan Iftikhar, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Adnan Jabbar, Shabbir Akhtar, Moghira Siddiqui, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Nargis Asad, Khabir Ahmad

Department of Surgery

Introduction: The study aimed to assess resilience and its associated factors in head and neck cancer patients, post-treatment in a low middle income country (LMIC) such as Pakistan.
Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2019 to May 2020 among head and neck cancer patients aged at least 18 years at the largest private tertiary care hospital, in Karachi, Pakistan. Information regarding their resilience scores was collected through Wagnild and Young's Resilience scale that comprises of 14 items (RS-14). Moreover, depression and anxiety were also assessed via Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and social support was assessed …


Synchronous Primary Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma And Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: A Case Report Highlighting "Lymphoma First Approach", Rahim Dhanani, Ambreen Abdullah Unar, Muhammad Hassan Danish, Hamdan Ahmed Pasha, Ummiya Tahir, Mubasher Ikram 2021 Aga Khan University

Synchronous Primary Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma And Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: A Case Report Highlighting "Lymphoma First Approach", Rahim Dhanani, Ambreen Abdullah Unar, Muhammad Hassan Danish, Hamdan Ahmed Pasha, Ummiya Tahir, Mubasher Ikram

Section of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common type of all thyroid carcinomas and accounts for up to 90% of all thyroid malignancies. It is the most indolent form of the disease and has an excellent prognosis. On the other hand, Primary thyroid lymphoma (PTL) is a rare entity accounting for only about 1% to 5% of all thyroid malignancies and only 2% of extranodal lymphomas. Synchronous PTC and PTL is a very rare condition and only a few cases have been reported in the literature up till now. We report one such case in a 52-year-old lady who was …


Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Of External Auditory Canal: A Rare Disease, Abdul Basit Shah Vardag, Muhammad Hassan Danish, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Omaima Anis Bhatti, Muhammad Hammad Deewani 2021 Aga Khan University

Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Of External Auditory Canal: A Rare Disease, Abdul Basit Shah Vardag, Muhammad Hassan Danish, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Omaima Anis Bhatti, Muhammad Hammad Deewani

Section of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery

External auditory canal, like other epithelialized surfaces is predisposed to malignancies such as Squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), melanomas and adenocarcinomas. In this background, malignancies like adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) are a rare occurrence and need to be thoroughly evaluated both locally and for distant extension. The malignancy needs to be addressed with an aggressive approach surgically with adequate marginal clearance. The role of radiation is debatable considering the outcomes in the limited data. Here we present the case of a 35-year-old female who came in with otalgia and otorrhea associated with a mass in the external auditory canal. After biopsy …


Prevalence Of Allergic Fungal Sinusitis Among Patients With Nasal Polyposis, Rahim Dhanani, Shayan Khalid, Basit Salam, Hamdan Ahmed Pasha, Farah Hafiz Yousuf, Mubasher Ikram 2021 Aga Khan University

Prevalence Of Allergic Fungal Sinusitis Among Patients With Nasal Polyposis, Rahim Dhanani, Shayan Khalid, Basit Salam, Hamdan Ahmed Pasha, Farah Hafiz Yousuf, Mubasher Ikram

Section of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery

Objective: To determine the frequency of allergic fungal sinusitis among patients with nasal polyps, and to compare Lund-Mackay scores of patients with and without allergic fungal sinusitis.
Methods: The cross-sectional longitudinal study was conducted at a tertiary healthcare centre in Karachi, Pakistan, from December 2016 to November 2018, and comprised patients with sinonasal polyposis undergoing surgery. The patients were categorised as having allergic fungal sinusitis when histopathology showed allergic mucin with fungal hyphae and culture was positive for fungal growth. Lund-Mackay scoring of each patient was noted and mean scores of allergic fungal sinusitis and non-allergic fungal sinusitis patients were …


Streptococcal Pharyngitis: Delving Deeper Than The Throat, Sadaf Sheikh, Umair Javed, Muhammad Akbar Baig 2021 Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman

Streptococcal Pharyngitis: Delving Deeper Than The Throat, Sadaf Sheikh, Umair Javed, Muhammad Akbar Baig

Department of Emergency Medicine

Acute rhabdomyolysis and elevated transaminases during streptococcal pharyngitis are rare presentations. The proposed pathophysiological mechanisms include direct bacterial invasion and toxin generation. Physicians should be aware of the association between these infections and the above-mentioned complications to facilitate optimal treatment of these patients. We present the case of a 18-years-old gentleman with β-haemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis complicated by rhabdomyolysis and elevated liver function tests. Such high levels of creatine phosphokinase of 111856 IU/L and elevated liver function tests with aspartate aminotransferase (AST) of 1862 U/L and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) of 1003 U/L in streptococcal pharyngitis is rare to find in the …


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