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Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications Commons

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Healing Through Mother Earth, Taylor A. Russell 2022 Hollins University

Healing Through Mother Earth, Taylor A. Russell

Dance (MFA) Theses

This thesis deals with mental health, with a focus on Black women. Historically, Black women are often so compromised, being constant caregivers and helping everyone else, that they forget to help themselves, not having the time and financial means to do so. If we go back in the time of slavery, many Black women were taking care of slave owners' children and suckling the white women’s babies instead of their own. By the time they got home and after diligently caring for other people’s children they were focused on their own children, who they had been away from for hours …


Pneumomediastinum Associated With Hyperemesis Gravidarum, Henna Ahsan, Donna Boucher 2022 HCA Healthcare

Pneumomediastinum Associated With Hyperemesis Gravidarum, Henna Ahsan, Donna Boucher

North Florida Division Research Day 2022

No abstract available.


The Clinician’S Approach To Primary Dysmenorrhea: Nutrient And Supplement Modifications, Rachel Albert 2022 Arcadia University

The Clinician’S Approach To Primary Dysmenorrhea: Nutrient And Supplement Modifications, Rachel Albert

Capstone Showcase

As evidence-based practice on health topics and standards continually evolves, it remains the responsibility of the clinicians to seek out data and newly discovered information that may pertain to patient populations. A longstanding issue that clinicians must address is the approach to primary dysmenorrhea. Currently it is estimated that 50% to 90% of the female population in the reproductive age group experiences this condition, making it the most prevalent health related problem among women of these ages. While this number represents a wide range of the population, many women still accept the symptoms of dysmenorrhea as commonplace and therefore do …


Vulvodynia: Making The Diagnosis And Improving Treatment Outcomes, Sophia Campbell 2022 Arcadia University

Vulvodynia: Making The Diagnosis And Improving Treatment Outcomes, Sophia Campbell

Capstone Showcase

Vulvodynia is an underdiagnosed condition that affects about 25% of women1. Patients report frustration and a lack of knowledge in the medical community regarding their symptoms of vulvar pain. Painful penetration makes performing an internal pelvic exam difficult, and patients may avoid annual gynecological appointments due to fear. It is imperative for providers to understand and implement the correct approach for accurate diagnosis. Once the diagnosis of vulvodynia has been identified, the multimodal treatment plan should be implemented to include pharmacological therapy, referral to physical therapy, and psychotherapy. With continued research and the use of evidence-based practice, the gap in …


Severe Metformin-Associated Lactic Acidosis In The Setting Of Diabetic Nephropathy, Steven Nevers, Jared Lewis, Omer Farooq 2022 HCA Healthcare

Severe Metformin-Associated Lactic Acidosis In The Setting Of Diabetic Nephropathy, Steven Nevers, Jared Lewis, Omer Farooq

Gulf Coast Division Research Day 2022

No abstract provided.


Non-Pharmacological Management Of Idiopathic/Persistent Dyspareunia, Iveshia Ford 2022 Arcadia University

Non-Pharmacological Management Of Idiopathic/Persistent Dyspareunia, Iveshia Ford

Capstone Showcase

Painful sexual intercourse, or dyspareunia, is a condition numerous women experience. An unknown, but still important, number of those affected find no relief with medication or surgery. Yet, it can be difficult for patients to discuss concerns with their provider. In addition, many providers do not have an adequate comfort level to discuss such topics. This paper aims to equip providers with non-pharmacological treatment options which include pelvic floor physical therapy, sex therapy and lifestyle changes. With the cultural shifts and changing ideas of sexuality in today’s age, it is important that clinicians remain versed in sexual health and patient …


Non-Pharmacological Management Of Idiopathic/Persistent Dyspareunia, Iveshia Ford 2022 Arcadia University

Non-Pharmacological Management Of Idiopathic/Persistent Dyspareunia, Iveshia Ford

Capstone Showcase

Painful sexual intercourse, or dyspareunia, is a condition numerous women experience. An unknown, but still important, number of those affected find no relief with medication or surgery. Yet, it can be difficult for patients to discuss concerns with their provider. In addition, many providers do not have an adequate comfort level to discuss such topics. This paper aims to equip providers with non-pharmacological treatment options which include pelvic floor physical therapy, sex therapy and lifestyle changes. With the cultural shifts and changing ideas of sexuality in today’s age, it is important that clinicians remain versed in sexual health and patient …


Prevalence And Risk Factors Of Preterm Birth Among Pregnant Women Admitted At The Labor Ward Of The Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Ghana, Enoch Odame Anto, Wina Ivy Ofori Boadu, Stephen Opoku, Ebenzer Senu, Valentine Christian Kodzo Tsatsu Tamakloe, Augustine Tawiah, Frank Ankobea, Emmanuel Acheampong, Agartha Odame Anto, Michael Appiah, Yaw Amo Wiafe, Max Efui Annani-Akollor, Christian Obirikorang, Otchere Addai-Mensah 2022 Edith Cowan University

Prevalence And Risk Factors Of Preterm Birth Among Pregnant Women Admitted At The Labor Ward Of The Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Ghana, Enoch Odame Anto, Wina Ivy Ofori Boadu, Stephen Opoku, Ebenzer Senu, Valentine Christian Kodzo Tsatsu Tamakloe, Augustine Tawiah, Frank Ankobea, Emmanuel Acheampong, Agartha Odame Anto, Michael Appiah, Yaw Amo Wiafe, Max Efui Annani-Akollor, Christian Obirikorang, Otchere Addai-Mensah

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Preterm birth is a global epidemic and a leading cause of neonatal mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. We evaluated the prevalence and risk factors of preterm birth among women attending the labor ward for delivery at a tertiary hospital in Ghana. This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted among a cohort of 209 pregnant women admitted to the labor ward of the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH). Pregnant women who delivered between 28 and 36 completed weeks of gestation were classified as preterm delivery whereas those who delivered after 37–42 completed weeks were described as term. Sociodemographic, clinical, and obstetric data were …


Still Birth Classification: Application Of Relevant Condition At Death (Recode) Classification System In A Tertiary Care Hospital Of Pakistan, Urooj Kashif, Shelina Bhamani, Asma Patel, Zaheena Shamsul Islam 2022 Aga Khan University

Still Birth Classification: Application Of Relevant Condition At Death (Recode) Classification System In A Tertiary Care Hospital Of Pakistan, Urooj Kashif, Shelina Bhamani, Asma Patel, Zaheena Shamsul Islam

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Objectives: To determine the cause of stillbirth after application of relevant condition at death (ReCoDe) classification system.
Methods: This was a retrospective cross sectional study of 207 women diagnosed with stillbirth after 24 completed weeks of pregnancy at the Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH), Karachi between 1st January 2015 and 31st December 2019. The primary objective was to find the cause of stillbirth according to the new classification of relevant condition at death (ReCoDe).
Results: There were a total of 32413 live births and 207 stillbirths during the study period thus stillbirth rate of 6 per 1000 live births. In …


Postnatal Venous Thrombembolism (Vte) Risk Assessment In Cesarean Section Patients, Mai-Tram Phan, Michelle Ozcan 2022 HCA Healthcare

Postnatal Venous Thrombembolism (Vte) Risk Assessment In Cesarean Section Patients, Mai-Tram Phan, Michelle Ozcan

North Florida Division Research Day 2022

No abstract available.


A Newfound Breach In Repeat Vaginal Delivery: Unscarred Uterine Rupture, Merritt McGowan, Amethyst Wilder, Ashley Hawes 2022 HCA Healthcare

A Newfound Breach In Repeat Vaginal Delivery: Unscarred Uterine Rupture, Merritt Mcgowan, Amethyst Wilder, Ashley Hawes

South Atlantic Division Research Day 2022

No abstract provided.


Genital Chlamydia Infection Is Influenced By The Female Sex Hormones Estrogen And Progesterone In Vivo, Amy Gail Gravitte 2021 East Tennessee State University

Genital Chlamydia Infection Is Influenced By The Female Sex Hormones Estrogen And Progesterone In Vivo, Amy Gail Gravitte

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Chlamydia is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection in the United States and worldwide. It often goes unnoticed due to lack of symptoms and left untreated it can ascend the female genital tract to cause sequelae like pelvic inflammatory disease and irreversible tubal infertility. In reproductive-aged women, female sex hormones estrogen (E2) and progesterone (P4) concentrations fluctuate during the menstrual cycle and are influenced by hormonal contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy. E2 and P4 influence genital Chlamydia infection in women and mice, but these multifactorial interactions are not entirely mapped out. The complex interplay of E2 and P4 with …


Endometriosis And Pelvic Pain In The Adolescent: Delayed Diagnosis Leading To Long-Term Suffering And The Need For Intervention, Latashia-Lika Lelea 2021 HCA Healthcare

Endometriosis And Pelvic Pain In The Adolescent: Delayed Diagnosis Leading To Long-Term Suffering And The Need For Intervention, Latashia-Lika Lelea

OB-GYN

No abstract available.


Improving Sexually Transmitted Infection Knowledge In Community College Students: A Path To Prevention, Rebecca F. Halford 2021 Abilene Christian University

Improving Sexually Transmitted Infection Knowledge In Community College Students: A Path To Prevention, Rebecca F. Halford

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This DNP project was conducted to identify gaps in knowledge focusing on sexually transmitted infections within Texas and Region one. The research study gathered data from first-year nursing students who have chosen to participate in a sexually transmitted infection-focused educational module. Participants were first-year nursing students and understood the research study was strictly voluntary with no forms of compensation. Currently, the curriculum in the nursing program at which the study took place does not focus on sexually transmitted infections and is directed to speak minimally on the subject. This is a contributing factor to why the rise in sexually transmitted …


Unintended Pregnancy And The Associated Factors Among Pregnant Females: Sukh Survey-Karachi, Pakistan, Shama Razzaq, Saleem Jessani, Narjis Rizvi, Sarah Saleem 2021 Health Services Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan

Unintended Pregnancy And The Associated Factors Among Pregnant Females: Sukh Survey-Karachi, Pakistan, Shama Razzaq, Saleem Jessani, Narjis Rizvi, Sarah Saleem

Community Health Sciences

Objective: Unintended pregnancy has become a substantially growing reproductive health concern in South Asian region. The objective of this survey was to assess the magnitude of unintended pregnancy along with its correlates among currently pregnant women residing in Karachi.
Methods: A community based, multistage, cross-sectional study was carried out among 612 currently pregnant women from squatter settlements of Karachi, inquiring for "unintended pregnancy", outcome of interest. Multivariable logistic analysis was done using SPSS v.19 to determine associated factors.
Results: Of 612 pregnant women interviewed, 168(27.4%) reported their pregnancies as unintended. The multivariable regression identified a high likelihood of unintended pregnancy …


The Factors Influencing Cesarean-Section Rates-A Narrative Review From Pakistan, Bakhtawar M H. Khowaja, Farida Bibi Mughal, Komal Valliani 2021 Aga Khan University

The Factors Influencing Cesarean-Section Rates-A Narrative Review From Pakistan, Bakhtawar M H. Khowaja, Farida Bibi Mughal, Komal Valliani

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

The significant increase in the rate of cesarean section is a major public health issue. The World Health Organization recommends C-section rates not to be greater than 10% and not lower than 5% as both the indicated limits can adversely affect maternal and newborn health. The rate of C-section deliveries is 22% according to recent Pakistan demographics and Health Survey of 2017-2018. This study contributes to the existing literature by examining the factors influencing high C-section rates in Pakistan. A narrative review of published literature between 2000 to 2020, on “factors influencing C-section rates in Pakistan” was done. The findings …


Machine Learning Guided Postnatal Gestational Age Assessment Using New-Born Screening Metabolomic Data In South Asia And Sub-Saharan Africa, Sunil Sazawal, Kelli K. Ryckman, Sayan Das, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Usma Mehmood, Amina Barkat, Farah Khalid, Muhammad Ilyas Muhammad Ilyas, Ambreen Nizar, Fyezah Jehan 2021 Center for Public Health Kinetics, Lajpat Nagar II, New Delhi, India

Machine Learning Guided Postnatal Gestational Age Assessment Using New-Born Screening Metabolomic Data In South Asia And Sub-Saharan Africa, Sunil Sazawal, Kelli K. Ryckman, Sayan Das, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Usma Mehmood, Amina Barkat, Farah Khalid, Muhammad Ilyas Muhammad Ilyas, Ambreen Nizar, Fyezah Jehan

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Babies born early and/or small for gestational age in Low and Middle-income countries (LMICs) contribute substantially to global neonatal and infant mortality. Tracking this metric is critical at a population level for informed policy, advocacy, resources allocation and program evaluation and at an individual level for targeted care. Early prenatal ultrasound examination is not available in these settings, gestational age (GA) is estimated using new-born assessment, last menstrual period (LMP) recalls and birth weight, which are unreliable. Algorithms in developed settings, using metabolic screen data, provided GA estimates within 1-2 weeks of ultrasonography-based GA. We sought to leverage machine …


The Practice Of Burch Colposuspension Versus Mid Urethral Slings For The Treatment Of Stress Urinary Incontinence In Developing Country, Saida Abrar, Lubna Razzak, Raheela Mohsin Rizvi 2021 Aga Khan University

The Practice Of Burch Colposuspension Versus Mid Urethral Slings For The Treatment Of Stress Urinary Incontinence In Developing Country, Saida Abrar, Lubna Razzak, Raheela Mohsin Rizvi

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Objectives: To compare the effectiveness and complications of Burch colposuspension and Mid Urethral Slings (MUS) for the treatment of Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI).
Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 162 patients who underwent surgery for SUI with Burch colposuspension (n=40), tension free vaginal tape (TVT) (n= 59) or transobturator tape (TOT) (n=63), from 2006 to 2014 at the Aga Khan University Hospital- Karachi. All three groups were assessed in terms of demographics, cure rates, intraoperative and postoperative complications at one and five years using incontinence impact questionnaire-short form-7 (IIQ-7) and urogenital distress inventory -short form-6 (UDI-6).
Results: Mean age …


Making Hospitals Health Promotive, Shelina Bhamani, Areeba Zainab Makhdoom 2021 Aga Khan University

Making Hospitals Health Promotive, Shelina Bhamani, Areeba Zainab Makhdoom

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

No abstract provided.


Cervical Cancer: Are There Ways To Reduce The Risks?, Madelyn Dorn 2021 Kennesaw State University

Cervical Cancer: Are There Ways To Reduce The Risks?, Madelyn Dorn

Symposium of Student Scholars

History has shown us that when caught early, cervical cancer is curable. Past research has found that the sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), herpes and human papillomavirus (HPV), have been associated with cervical cancer. In contrast, my dataset on 859 women has many more STDs and lifestyle choices compiled on 36 variables. The diagnoses in the dataset are many: cervical condylomatosis, vaginal condylomatosis, vulvo-perineral condylomatosis, syphilis, pelvic inflammatory disease, genital herpes, molluscum contagiosum, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, HPV, and cervical cancer. In addition to the demographic variable on age, there are many lifestyle choice …


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