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Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications Commons

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Impact Of Parity On Gait Biomechanics, Bekah P. Stein 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Impact Of Parity On Gait Biomechanics, Bekah P. Stein

Masters Theses

Background: Symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) is an incurable condition that affects nearly 50% of adults, and women are twice as likely as men to develop OA. Throughout pregnancy, women experience large changes in morphology and gait mechanics, as well as changes in joint loading. It is possible these adaptations could cause lasting changes postpartum, which may potentially contribute to initiation of OA, thereby increasing the overall risk of OA for women.

Purpose: This exploratory study looked to identify differences between lower limb gait mechanics of healthy nulliparous women and healthy parous women.

Methods: 28 healthy female participants …


Nutrient Sensing Pathways Mediating Igfbp1 Phosphorylation In Fgr, Shapnil Bhuiyan 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Nutrient Sensing Pathways Mediating Igfbp1 Phosphorylation In Fgr, Shapnil Bhuiyan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Impairment of fetal oxygen levels and nutrient delivery contributes to fetal growth restriction (FGR), which affects 20% of pregnancies. Such cellular stress induces hepatic Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein 1 (IGFBP1) phosphorylation, which sequesters Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 (IGF-I) and markedly reduces fetal growth signaling. IGFBP1 hyperphosphoryaltion in hypoxia is mediated through the mTOR signaling pathway and through the Amino Acid Response (AAR) pathway during amino acid deprivation. Hypoxia stimulates upstream mTORC1 regulators, AMPK and REDD1 which are well-established upstream regulators of one of the two mTOR complexes, mTORC1. The molecular mechanisms by which upstream mTORC1-driven processes regulate IGFBP1 phosphorylation …


Hpv Vaccination In Females: The Role Of Primary Health Care And Primary Health Care Providers, Brooke Bouza 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Hpv Vaccination In Females: The Role Of Primary Health Care And Primary Health Care Providers, Brooke Bouza

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Two reasons for subpar coverage of the Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine are missed clinical opportunities and nonacceptance of the vaccine upon recommendation from a medical provider. The purpose of study one was to examine factors associated with access and adherence to physician’s recommendations in association with HPV vaccine uptake. Data were obtained from National Health Interview Survey (2017). Variables theoretically related to clinical opportunities and adherence to physician’s recommendations were examined in association with HPV vaccine uptake. Univariate logistic regressions were run to determine the associations between the aforementioned variables and uptake of the HPV vaccine. Multinomial logistic regressions were …


A School-Based Sexual Health Education Program, Tracy L. Kendall 2020 Abilene Christian University

A School-Based Sexual Health Education Program, Tracy L. Kendall

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A small rural community has high incidence rates of chlamydia (4,751 per 100,000) and gonorrhea (970 per 100,000) in females 15–24 years old. Data obtained from Texas Health and Human Services showed that incidence rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea in females 15–24 years old were higher in Navarro County, Texas, than the state of Texas. Texas schools do not mandate sex health education. There is a gap in school-based sexual health education available to 18- and 19-year-old females residing in this rural community in Texas. The purpose of this research study was to evaluate the impact of school-based sexual health …


Risk Of Acute Kidney Injury In Patients Receiving Vancomycin And Piperacillin-Tazobactam Compared To Vancomycin And Cefepime, Viktoria Andonova 2020 Boca Raton Regional Hospital

Risk Of Acute Kidney Injury In Patients Receiving Vancomycin And Piperacillin-Tazobactam Compared To Vancomycin And Cefepime, Viktoria Andonova

All Publications

No abstract provided.


Twin Pregnancy Complicated By Intrauterine Death Of One Fetus And Herniated Bowel Loops Over Gravid Uterus, Malika Hameed, Khalid Ahsan 2020 Aga Khan University

Twin Pregnancy Complicated By Intrauterine Death Of One Fetus And Herniated Bowel Loops Over Gravid Uterus, Malika Hameed, Khalid Ahsan

Department of Anaesthesia

No abstract provided.


Change In Sex Of Rearing In Individuals With Disorders Of Sex Development, Michelle Knoll 2020 Children's Mercy Hospital

Change In Sex Of Rearing In Individuals With Disorders Of Sex Development, Michelle Knoll

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Shanti's "The Recovery Mama Guide To Your Eating Disorder Recovery In Pregnancy And Postpartum" (Book Review), Elizabeth A. Nolan 2020 Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary

Shanti's "The Recovery Mama Guide To Your Eating Disorder Recovery In Pregnancy And Postpartum" (Book Review), Elizabeth A. Nolan

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


The Evil Twin: The Case Of Heterotopic Pregnancy, Rashmi Jadhav, Vegas Brown, Gabriel Cabrera 2020 HCA Healthcare

The Evil Twin: The Case Of Heterotopic Pregnancy, Rashmi Jadhav, Vegas Brown, Gabriel Cabrera

West Florida Division Virtual Research Day 2020

  • Heterotopic pregnancy occurs in about 1 in 30,000 naturally conceived pregnancies (5). The risk rises 1-3% for pregnancies occurring through assisted reproductive technologies (ART) (1).
  • Isolated ectopic pregnancy affects an average of 1 in every 150 live births (1).
  • A known pre-existing intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) can be falsely reassuring and delay the diagnosis of a potentially life-threatening concurrent ectopic pregnancy.
  • Presentation is vague and 45% of patients have no symptoms (5).
  • Differential Diagnoses: endometritis, incomplete miscarriage, ruptured ovarian cyst, non-GYN cause (ie: appendicitis or UTI).
  • Risk Factors: Infertility treatment, in vitro fertilization (IVF), prior ectopic, prior tubal surgery, use of …


An Investigation Of Treatments For The Prevention Of Metabolic Complications For Women Suffering From Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: Diet, Exercise, Weight Reduction And Herbal Remedies, Brenda Martinez-Puente 2020 Dominican University of California

An Investigation Of Treatments For The Prevention Of Metabolic Complications For Women Suffering From Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: Diet, Exercise, Weight Reduction And Herbal Remedies, Brenda Martinez-Puente

Nursing | Senior Theses

The purpose of this research study is to compare the views of traditional versus alternative treatments available to women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) suffering from metabolic complications. Alternative treatments include diet, exercise, herbal remedies, or any combination of the three. Pharmacological interventions for the conditions associated with PCOS such as metformin, used to control glucose levels, and clomiphene, used to treat infertility. Through the literature review, articles show herbs and plant products to have similar mechanisms of actions as the pharmacological interventions, but with less side effects. For example, cinnamon was shown to increase insulin sensitivity and pomegranate juice …


“Disbelieving Black Women To Death”; The “Double Jeopardy”: Racism And Sexism Affects Black Women’S Access To And Quality Of Care During Pregnancy, Birth, And Postpartum, Madeline St. Clair 2020 University of Nebraska at Omaha

“Disbelieving Black Women To Death”; The “Double Jeopardy”: Racism And Sexism Affects Black Women’S Access To And Quality Of Care During Pregnancy, Birth, And Postpartum, Madeline St. Clair

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

This paper explores possible reasons why Black women in the United States experience a higher maternal mortality rate than their white counterparts. Using books, articles, journals, documentaries, personal experiences and stories of Black women and mothers, I argue that barriers from the societal to the individual level create health and medical disparities for Black mothers in pregnancy, during delivery, and the postpartum period. The paper concludes with a multifaceted solution and call to action.


Can Magnetic Resonance Imaging Predict Pathologic Findings For Endometrioid Endometrial Cancer?, Elizabeth L. Dickson Michelson, Jessica J. F. Kram, Kayla Heslin, David Baugh, Vikram Bamra, Jiahao Hu, Abhishek Shukla, Scott A. Kamelle 2020 Oncology, Aurora West Allis Medical Center

Can Magnetic Resonance Imaging Predict Pathologic Findings For Endometrioid Endometrial Cancer?, Elizabeth L. Dickson Michelson, Jessica J. F. Kram, Kayla Heslin, David Baugh, Vikram Bamra, Jiahao Hu, Abhishek Shukla, Scott A. Kamelle

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

This pilot study aimed to assess the feasibility of precisely measuring tumor diameter and myometrial invasion in patients with endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC) using preoperative contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Adult patients with confirmed diagnosis of complex hyperplasia with atypia or EEC were included. Three radiologists separately measured tumor diameter and myometrial invasion. Basic descriptive statistics were used to describe patient characteristics and to compare radiology- and pathology-measured tumor diameter and myometrial invasion. Using the pathology results for tumor diameter as the gold standard for comparison, at least 1 radiologist was able to predict largest tumor diameter within 5 mm …


Relation Of Flt-1 And Endothelial Function In Women Soon After Delivery: Effect Of Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior, Chloe W. Caudell 2020 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Relation Of Flt-1 And Endothelial Function In Women Soon After Delivery: Effect Of Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior, Chloe W. Caudell

Senior Theses

Adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) are believed to be caused by poor placental formation. APOs can be characterized by elevated levels of a circulating Fms-like tyrosine kinase biomarker called Flt-1, produced by the placenta when its blood vessels are shallow or inadequately formed. Flt-1 acts directly on the maternal endothelium to impair vascular function during pregnancy and contributes to maternal features of APOs. This study aimed to evaluate the relation of Flt-1 and endothelial function in women soon after delivery. This study also aimed to evaluate the relation of Flt-1 and physical activity and sedentary behavior in women during and soon …


Case Series Of Anca Vasculitis As Prognostic Marker For Severity Or Relapse Of Glomerulonephritis., Jake N. Cho, Venkat Chitumalla, Izuchukwu Nwakoby 2020 HCA Healthcare

Case Series Of Anca Vasculitis As Prognostic Marker For Severity Or Relapse Of Glomerulonephritis., Jake N. Cho, Venkat Chitumalla, Izuchukwu Nwakoby

Nephrology

No abstract provided.


Postpartum Depression! One Iv And I Am Back To Happy!, Gabrielle DuBruille 2020 Boca Raton Regional Hospital

Postpartum Depression! One Iv And I Am Back To Happy!, Gabrielle Dubruille

All Publications

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Gestational Ozone Exposure On Privileged Placental And Brain Barrier Integrity, Alexander I. Hamm 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University

Effects Of Gestational Ozone Exposure On Privileged Placental And Brain Barrier Integrity, Alexander I. Hamm

Theses and Dissertations

Ambient outdoor ozone, a common of component of photochemical smog and urban air pollution, is linked to various neurological and vascular pathologies. Its immediate reaction with lung surfactant after inhalation results in complete reactivity of the gas, with no active ozone passing into circulation. This indicates the presence of secondary and tertiary mediators in ozone-related systemic pathologies after pulmonary insult. In vasculature, ozone exposure is associated with an acute hypertensive phenotype apparent at least 24 hours after dose, such as experienced on a hot summer afternoon in a large metropolitan area like Los Angeles or Mexico City. However, the effects …


Cardiovascular Tissue Remodeling Of Preeclampsia, Rachel Metz 2020 The University of Akron

Cardiovascular Tissue Remodeling Of Preeclampsia, Rachel Metz

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy that leads to a multitude of problems for the mother and fetus during and after pregnancy. While the effects on the mother's body after pregnancy are often overlooked, preeclamptic mothers are prone to cardiovascular diseases from the great deal of stress experienced through the duration of a preeclamptic pregnancy. The associated high blood pressure causes cardiac muscle to work a great deal harder in an attempt to successfully perfuse tissues adequately. This increase in prolonged stress leads to remodeling of the cardiovascular tissues-significantly increasing the risk of heart issues in life beyond the …


Male Partners' Knowledge And Practices Of Antenatal Care In District Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan: A Cross-Sectional Study, Muhammad Younas, Yasmin Parpio, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Safia Awan 2020 Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Center Peshawar, Pakistan

Male Partners' Knowledge And Practices Of Antenatal Care In District Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan: A Cross-Sectional Study, Muhammad Younas, Yasmin Parpio, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Safia Awan

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Background & aim: Active participation of men in antenatal care and their considerable knowledge about this issue is resulted in favorable pregnancy outcomes. This study aimed to assess the knowledge and practices of male partners regarding antenatal care (ANC) and their associated factors in district Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan (KPK).
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 married men residing in district Swat KPK, Pakistan in 2015 who were selected by convenience sampling. The data were collected by valid and reliable self-structured questionnaire and were completed by participants. The data were analyzed with STATA (version 11) using descriptive and …


Characterizing The Combination Of Rpa Inhibitors With Parp Inhibitors In High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer, Yat Tang 2019 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Characterizing The Combination Of Rpa Inhibitors With Parp Inhibitors In High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer, Yat Tang

Theses & Dissertations

High-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC) is the most common and deadly gynecologic malignancy. HGSC patients with BRCA1/2 mutations have homologous recombination deficiency (HRD), requiring parallel pathways to maintain genome integrity (e.g., PARP1, PARP2). Approximately 50% of ovarian carcinomas are estimated to exhibit HRD. For the remaining 50% and the large percentage of HRD patients with acquired or innate resistance to single-agent PARP inhibitors, there is a need to develop alternative therapeutic strategies.

Replication Protein A (RPA) is a heterotrimeric protein crucial for genome maintenance. Phosphorylation of RPA in DNA damage response (DDR) is a negative regulator of DNA end resection. …


Effect Of Postpartum Protocols On Maternal Outcomes, Kelsey Grimm, Emily Harnish 2019 James Madison University

Effect Of Postpartum Protocols On Maternal Outcomes, Kelsey Grimm, Emily Harnish

Physician Assistant Capstones, 2016 to 2019

Objective: To determine whether postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) protocols lead to decreases in maternal morbidity and mortality.

Design: Systemic literature review.

Methods: The clinical question investigated is whether the implementation of PPH protocols has measurable impact on maternal morbidity and mortality. Searches were done through PubMed using the keywords: “maternal hemorrhage postpartum protocol.” Studies were eliminated if they were more than 10 years old, conducted outside the United States, published in a non-English language, used other animal subjects besides humans, used non-female subjects, if they did not answer the clinical question, or were review articles. Eventually, three cohort …


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