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Disease Modeling Commons

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214 full-text articles. Page 1 of 8.

Molecular And Functional Analysis Of Anchorage Independent, Treatment-Evasive Neuroblastoma Tumorspheres With Enhanced Malignant Properties: A Possible Explanation For Radio-Therapy Resistance, Tamara Abou-Antoun, Javad Nazarian, Anthony Ghanem, Stanislav Vukmanovic, Anthony D. Sandler 2018 George Washington University

Molecular And Functional Analysis Of Anchorage Independent, Treatment-Evasive Neuroblastoma Tumorspheres With Enhanced Malignant Properties: A Possible Explanation For Radio-Therapy Resistance, Tamara Abou-Antoun, Javad Nazarian, Anthony Ghanem, Stanislav Vukmanovic, Anthony D. Sandler

Genomics and Precision Medicine Faculty Publications

Despite significant advances in cancer treatment and management, more than 60% of patients with neuroblastoma present with very poor prognosis in the form of metastatic and aggressive disease. Solid tumors including neuroblastoma are thought to be heterogeneous with a sub-population of stem-like cells that are treatment-evasive with highly malignant characteristics. We previously identified a phenomenon of reversible adaptive plasticity (RAP) between anchorage dependent (AD) cells and anchorage independent (AI) tumorspheres in neuroblastoma cell cultures. To expand our molecular characterization of the AI tumorspheres, we sought to define the comprehensive proteomic profile of murine AD and AI neuroblastoma cells. The proteomic ...


Exploiting Fission Yeast Genetic Interaction Data To Identify Disease-Specific Drug Targets For Tuberous Sclerosis Complex, Ashyad Rayhan 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Exploiting Fission Yeast Genetic Interaction Data To Identify Disease-Specific Drug Targets For Tuberous Sclerosis Complex, Ashyad Rayhan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an inherited genetic disorder caused by loss-of-function mutations in either TSC1 or TSC2. Their respective gene products regulate the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway, which serves as an activator of cellular proliferation, metabolism, and cell survival. Orthologs of the TSC1 and TSC2 genes exist in a wide range of organisms, including the commonly used and genetically tractable model eukaryote, Schizosaccharomyces pombe. To better understand the functional roles of S. pombe tsc1 and tsc2, I exploited recent advances in genetic interaction biology to identify and characterize genes that modulate the phenotypic effects of tsc1 ...


The Dynamics Of An Epidemiological Model For Human Papillomavirus With Partial Vaccination In A Heterogeneous Population, Stefano Chiaradonna 2017 Illinois State University

The Dynamics Of An Epidemiological Model For Human Papillomavirus With Partial Vaccination In A Heterogeneous Population, Stefano Chiaradonna

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Dftd Age Structure And Vaccination Modeling, Christopher D. Bruno 2017 University of St. Francis

Dftd Age Structure And Vaccination Modeling, Christopher D. Bruno

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


The Kinetics Of Type I Interferons During Influenza A Virus Infection, Margaret A. Myers 2017 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

The Kinetics Of Type I Interferons During Influenza A Virus Infection, Margaret A. Myers

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Handguns And Hotspots: Spatio- Temporal Models For Gun Violence In Chicago,Il, Shelby Scott 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Handguns And Hotspots: Spatio- Temporal Models For Gun Violence In Chicago,Il, Shelby Scott

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Pathogen Modeling And You! - An Investigation Of Parameter Effects On A Bio-Mathematical Model, James Board 2017 Illinois State University

Pathogen Modeling And You! - An Investigation Of Parameter Effects On A Bio-Mathematical Model, James Board

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Intermittent Preventive Treatment For Malaria In Saving Lives And Promoting Drug Resistance, Carrie Manore 2017 Illinois State University

The Role Of Intermittent Preventive Treatment For Malaria In Saving Lives And Promoting Drug Resistance, Carrie Manore

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Mathematical Medicine: Modeling Disease And Treatment, Lisette dePillis 2017 Illinois State University

Mathematical Medicine: Modeling Disease And Treatment, Lisette Depillis

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Retinoic Acid Pathway Inhibition To Expand Human Hematopoietic Progenitor Cells With Islet Regenerative Capacity, Ruth Elgamal 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Retinoic Acid Pathway Inhibition To Expand Human Hematopoietic Progenitor Cells With Islet Regenerative Capacity, Ruth Elgamal

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Cellular therapy to induce islet regeneration is emerging as a novel treatment strategy for diabetes. Umbilical cord blood (UCB)-derived hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPC) isolated by high aldehyde dehydrogenase activity (ALDHhi) reduce hyperglycemia after transplantation into streptozotocin (STZ)-treated NOD/SCID mice. However, UCB-derived ALDHhi cells are rare and expansion without the loss of regenerative function is required. We hypothesized that BMS 493, an inverse retinoic acid receptor agonist, will prevent HSPC differentiation of HSPC during expansion, generating more ALDHhi cells for therapy. ALDHhi cells expanded for 6 days with BMS 493 showed a 2 ...


The Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Insertion/Deletion Polymorphism Rs4340 Associates With Habitual Physical Activity Among European American Adults., Michael Bruneau, Theodore J Angelopoulos, Paul Gordon, Niall Moyna, Paul Visich, Robert Zoeller, Rick Seip, Stephen Bilbie, Paul Thompson, Joseph Devaney, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Eric Hoffman, Linda S Pescatello 2017 George Washington University

The Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Insertion/Deletion Polymorphism Rs4340 Associates With Habitual Physical Activity Among European American Adults., Michael Bruneau, Theodore J Angelopoulos, Paul Gordon, Niall Moyna, Paul Visich, Robert Zoeller, Rick Seip, Stephen Bilbie, Paul Thompson, Joseph Devaney, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Eric Hoffman, Linda S Pescatello

Genomics and Precision Medicine Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism (rs4340) (ACE DIP) accounts for half of the variability in plasma ACE concentrations. ACE has been widely studied for its influence on sports performance; however, research on its influence in physical activity is limited and inconsistent. We examined the influence of the ACE DIP on physical activity among 461 European Americans.

METHODS: Subjects completed the Paffenbarger Physical Activity Questionnaire for weekly walking distance. Multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) tested log-transformed differences in weekly walking distance among ACE DIP genotypes (II, ID, DD) with gender as a fixed factor, and age ...


Application Of Support Vector Machine Modeling And Graph Theory Metrics For Disease Classification, Jessica M. Rudd 2017 Kennesaw State University

Application Of Support Vector Machine Modeling And Graph Theory Metrics For Disease Classification, Jessica M. Rudd

Grey Literature from PhD Candidates

Disease classification is a crucial element of biomedical research. Recent studies have demonstrated that machine learning techniques, such as Support Vector Machine (SVM) modeling, produce similar or improved predictive capabilities in comparison to the traditional method of Logistic Regression. In addition, it has been found that social network metrics can provide useful predictive information for disease modeling. In this study, we combine simulated social network metrics with SVM to predict diabetes in a sample of data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. In this dataset, Logistic Regression outperformed SVM with ROC index of 81.8 and 81.7 for ...


The Effect Of Insulin Treatment And Exercise Modality On Skeletal Muscle Fiber Size In Streptozotocin-Induced Type 1 Diabetic Rats, John Z. Nickels 2017 The University of Western Ontario

The Effect Of Insulin Treatment And Exercise Modality On Skeletal Muscle Fiber Size In Streptozotocin-Induced Type 1 Diabetic Rats, John Z. Nickels

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Severe Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) is known to have several negative effects on skeletal muscle mass, a condition known as diabetic myopathy. One of these effects is the atrophy of the glycolytic muscle fibers. However, the role of intensity of insulin treatment and exercise modality in attenuating this loss in fiber cross-sectional area (CSA) specifically has yet to be determined. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of 12 weeks of differing intensity of insulin therapy and exercise modality on the CSA of plantaris muscle fibers, identified by myosin heavy chain (MHC) of STZ-induced T1DM rats ...


Mechanistic Mathematical Models: An Underused Platform For Hpv Research, Marc Ryser, Patti Gravitt, Evan R. Myers 2017 George Washington University

Mechanistic Mathematical Models: An Underused Platform For Hpv Research, Marc Ryser, Patti Gravitt, Evan R. Myers

Global Health Faculty Publications

Health economic modeling has become an invaluable methodology for the design and evaluation of clinical and public health interventions against the human papillomavirus (HPV) and associated diseases. At the same time, relatively little attention has been paid to a different yet complementary class of models, namely that of mechanistic mathematical models. The primary focus of mechanistic mathematical models is to better understand the intricate biologic mechanisms and dynamics of disease. Inspired by a long and successful history of mechanistic modeling in other biomedical fields, we highlight several areas of HPV research where mechanistic models have the potential to advance the ...


Light Dependent Endolysosomal Defects In A Photoreceptor Model Of Alzheimer's Disease, Michelle S. Smith 2017 University of San Diego

Light Dependent Endolysosomal Defects In A Photoreceptor Model Of Alzheimer's Disease, Michelle S. Smith

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease which is the 6th leading cause of death in the US. AD pathology is thought to be linked to the accumulation and aggregation of toxic proteins, amyloid-beta and tau. AD development and neurodegeneration is proposed to be caused by the toxic effects of these protein accumulations, specifically amyloid-beta, as postulated by the amyloid-cascade hypothesis. To study the relationship between amyloid-beta and overall neuronal health, a study was carried out using an amyloid-expressing fruit fly photoreceptor model. Using this model, toxicity of amyloid in a stressed lysosomal system induced by light, an ...


Simulating Within-Vector Generation Of The Malaria Parasite Diversity, Lauren M. Childs, Olivia F. Prosper 2017 Virginia Tech

Simulating Within-Vector Generation Of The Malaria Parasite Diversity, Lauren M. Childs, Olivia F. Prosper

Mathematics Faculty Publications

Plasmodium falciparum, the most virulent human malaria parasite, undergoes asexual reproduction within the human host, but reproduces sexually within its vector host, the Anopheles mosquito. Consequently, the mosquito stage of the parasite life cycle provides an opportunity to create genetically novel parasites in multiply-infected mosquitoes, potentially increasing parasite population diversity. Despite the important implications for disease transmission and malaria control, a quantitative mapping of how parasite diversity entering a mosquito relates to diversity of the parasite exiting, has not been undertaken. To examine the role that vector biology plays in modulating parasite diversity, we develop a two-part model framework that ...


The Kinetics Of Type I Interferons During Influenza Virus Infection, Margaret A. Myers 2017 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Rhodes College

The Kinetics Of Type I Interferons During Influenza Virus Infection, Margaret A. Myers

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Control Policies And Sensitivity Analysis In A Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Model: A Case Study In Cusco Region, Peru., Rocio M. Caja-Rivera, Ignacio Barradas 2017 CIMAT

Control Policies And Sensitivity Analysis In A Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Model: A Case Study In Cusco Region, Peru., Rocio M. Caja-Rivera, Ignacio Barradas

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Computational Modeling Of Contrast Sensitivity And Orientation Tuning In Schizophrenia, Steven M. Silverstein, Docia L. Demmin, James A. Bednar 2017 Rutgers University - New Brunswick/Piscataway

Computational Modeling Of Contrast Sensitivity And Orientation Tuning In Schizophrenia, Steven M. Silverstein, Docia L. Demmin, James A. Bednar

MODVIS Workshop

Computational modeling is being increasingly used to understand schizophrenia, but, to date, it has not been used to account for the common perceptual disturbances in the disorder. We manipulated schizophrenia-relevant parameters in the GCAL (gain control, adaptation, laterally connected) model (Stevens et al., 2013), run using the Topographica simulator (Bednar, 2012), to model low-level visual processing changes in the disorder. Our models incorporated: separate sheets for retinal, LGN, and V1 activity; gain control in the LGN; homeostatic adaptation in V1 based on a weighted sum of all inputs and limited by a logistic (sigmoid) nonlinearity; lateral excitation and inhibition in ...


Lymphoid Hematopoiesis And The Role Of B-Cells In Transgenic Mouse Model Of Sickle Cell Disease, Christina Cotte 2017 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Lymphoid Hematopoiesis And The Role Of B-Cells In Transgenic Mouse Model Of Sickle Cell Disease, Christina Cotte

University Scholar Projects

Sickle cell disease (SCD) has been shown to be associated with decreased baseline immunity and thus increased susceptibility to infection. I sought to discern possible causes of this by looking into the correlations between SCD and hematopoiesis, the immune system and the neuroendocrine system, and ultimately by conducting experiments surrounding the impaired immune system of SCD. These experiments focused on the potential causes and effects of the diminution of B-1a cells in the SCD spleen. Adoptive transfers, infections with Streptococcus pneumoniae, and histologic imaging were conducted to establish if the diminution of the B-1a cells in the SCD spleen is ...


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