A Small Peptide Increases Drug Delivery In Human Melanoma Cells, 2022 Chapman University
A Small Peptide Increases Drug Delivery In Human Melanoma Cells, Shirley Tong, Shaban Darwish, Hanieh Hossein Nejad Ariani, Kate Alison Lozada, David Salehi, Maris A. Cinelli, Richard B. Silverman, Kamaljit Kaur, Sun Yang
Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research
Melanoma is the most fatal type of skin cancer and is notoriously resistant to chemotherapies. The response of melanoma to current treatments is difficult to predict. To combat these challenges, in this study, we utilize a small peptide to increase drug delivery to melanoma cells. A peptide library array was designed and screened using a peptide array-whole cell binding assay, which identified KK-11 as a novel human melanoma-targeting peptide. The peptide and its D-amino acid substituted analogue (VPWxEPAYQrFL or D-aa KK-11) were synthesized via a solid-phase strategy. Further studies using FITC-labeled KK-11 demonstrated dose-dependent uptake in human melanoma cells. D-aa ...
Linear Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus Following Blaschko’S Lines On The Scalp: Additional Cases And Review Of The Literature, Heather Reagin, Daniel A. Nguyen, Marc R. Lewin, Gregory A. Hosler, Eric Weisberg, Stephen E. Weis
HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine
Alopecia of the scalp has various causes and presentations. However, linear alopecia is unusual and lupus erythematosus presenting as linear alopecia is exceedingly rare. To date, there have been 16 documented cases of linear alopecia diagnosed as chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus occurring in a linear configuration following Blaschko's lines. We report 2 additional cases and review the clinical and histologic features along with treatment. This Blaschkoid linear variant of cutaneous lupus erythematosus has distinct clinical and histologic characteristics that set it apart from other causes of alopecia and from classic forms of cutaneous lupus. These distinct features include a ...
18 Fdg Pet/Ct Imaging In Carcinoma Cesophagus, 2022 Aga Khan University
18 Fdg Pet/Ct Imaging In Carcinoma Cesophagus, Maseeh Uz Zaman, Nosheen Fatima
Department of Radiology
No abstract provided.
Medicinal Plant Extracts And Natural Compounds For The Treatment Of Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus: A Systematic Review, 2022 UMass Chan Medical School
Medicinal Plant Extracts And Natural Compounds For The Treatment Of Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus: A Systematic Review, Janet E. Lubov, Aisha S. Jamison, Becky Baltich Nelson, Alice A. Amudzi, Kelly N. Haas
Cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) is a group of autoimmune connective tissue disorders that significantly impact quality of life. Current treatment approaches typically use antimalarial medications, though patients may become recalcitrant. Other treatment options include general immunosuppressants, highlighting the need for more and more targeted treatment options. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify potential compounds that could be repurposed for CLE from natural products since many rheumatologic drugs are derived from natural products, including antimalarials. This study was registered with PROSPERO, the international prospective register of systematic reviews (registration number CRD42021251048). We comprehensively searched Ovid Medline, Cochrane Library ...
Emerging Drug Targets And New Drugs In The Treatment Of Psoriatic Arthritis, 2022 Ohio Northern University
Emerging Drug Targets And New Drugs In The Treatment Of Psoriatic Arthritis, Carmen Lariccia, Natalie Lennartz, Jessica Lewe, Jeffery Allison
Pharmacy and Wellness Review
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease characterized by painful skin lesions. When joints and connective tissue also become involved, the condition is referred to as psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Current treatments for moderate to severe PsA include therapies used to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA) despite differences in disease presentation which includes factors such as peripheral disease, sacroiliitis, stiffness, presence of rheumatoid factor and psoriasis. Treatment out-comes for PsA are measured by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Responder Index (ACR20) and the Dis-ease Activity Score for 28 joints (DAS28). First-line treatment includes disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) such as methotrexate, sulfasalazine or leflunomide ...
Human Papillomavirus Associated Prevention: Knowledge, Attitudes, And Perceived Risks Among Men Who Have Sex With Men And Transgender Women In Pakistan: A Qualitative Study, Muslima Ejaz, Anna Mia Ekström, Alyan Ahmed, Aymen Haroon, Dania Ali, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Mariano Salazar
Community Health Sciences
Objectives: Men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender individuals are at higher risk of genital warts and anal cancer due to sexually transmitted human papillomavirus infection. This study explores MSM and transgender women's perceptions of Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and HPV prevention strategies (screening and vaccination) in Pakistan.
Design: A qualitative study using focus group discussions (FGD) with self-identified MSM, male sex workers and transgender women were conducted between March 2019 to August 2019 in Karachi, Pakistan.
Methods: Participants were recruited from community-based organization (CBO) working for MSM and transgender women. A total of 38 men and ...
In Vivo Metabolic Analysis Of The Anticancer Effects Of Plasma-Activated Saline In Three Tumor Animal Models, 2022 Old Dominion University
In Vivo Metabolic Analysis Of The Anticancer Effects Of Plasma-Activated Saline In Three Tumor Animal Models, Miao Qi, Dehui Xu, Shuai Wang, Bing Li, Sansan Peng, Qiaosong Li, Hao Zhang, Runze Fan, Hai-Lan Chen, Michael G. Kong
In recent years, the emerging technology of cold atmospheric pressure plasma (CAP) has grown rapidly along with the many medical applications of cold plasma (e.g., cancer, skin disease, tissue repair, etc.). Plasma-activated liquids (e.g., culture media, water, or normal saline, previously exposed to plasma) are being studied as cancer treatments, and due to their advantages, many researchers prefer plasma-activated liquids as an alternative to CAP in the treatment of cancer. In this study, we showed that plasma-activated-saline (PAS) treatment significantly inhibited tumor growth, as compared with saline, in melanoma, and a low-pH environment had little effect on tumor ...
Case Report: Fournier's Gangrene, 2022 Arcadia University
Case Report: Fournier's Gangrene, Abigail Groos
•Fournier’s gangrene is a rare manifestation of the already sparse skin infection known as necrotizing fasciitis, specifically of the scrotal and perineal region. This case illustrates a patient in the emergency department with a severe necrotizing skin infection who quickly progressed to sepsis and multiorgan damage. It is important to understand the common presentation, complications, and ideal management of patients with necrotizing fasciitis.
Cutaneous Horn On The Right Supraclavicular Region In An Adolescent Female, A Rare Case Report, 2021 All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, India
Cutaneous Horn On The Right Supraclavicular Region In An Adolescent Female, A Rare Case Report, Rohit Gupta, Manoj Kumar, Ruchi Sinha, Reva Shankar Sahu
The New Ropanasuri Journal of Surgery
Cutaneous horn (CH) is an outgrowth from the skin surface, composed of keratin, and associated with benign to malignant skin lesions. We report a case of CH in a 15-year-old female associated with Keratoacanthoma. It is uncommon in young people and is associated with a good prognosis because of its benign nature. This case needs to be reported as it highlights the rare occurrence of this condition in the younger age group and its good prognosis. Surgical excision is the treatment of choice, with histopathologic diagnosis playing a critical role in determining the nature and further treatment of this condition ...
An Investigation Of Chronic Pain As A Much-Neglected Symptom Of Hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, 2021 Western Michigan University
An Investigation Of Chronic Pain As A Much-Neglected Symptom Of Hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, Sydney Collins
Ehlers Danlos Syndrome is a group of heritable loose connective tissue disorders with 13 distinguished subtypes. The hypermobile type of Ehlers Danlos Syndrome (hEDS) is the most common subtype and is caused by a genetic mutation that leads to defective collagen fibrils. This leads to joint instability and hypermobility, skin elasticity, widespread pain, fatigue, and generalized tissue fragility. Chronic pain is reported to be a symptom in as high as 92% of the hEDS population (Voermans et al., 2010); despite this prevalence, there is a significant lack of research, awareness, and treatment standardization regarding pain in hEDS. This literature review ...
Pediatric Basal Cell Carcinoma Burden And Management Preferences In Gorlin Syndrome: A Survey Study, 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Pediatric Basal Cell Carcinoma Burden And Management Preferences In Gorlin Syndrome: A Survey Study, Holly Neale, Julie A. Breneiser, Elena B. Hawryluk
T.H. Chan School of Medicine Student Publications
Gorlin syndrome (GS) is a risk factor for early basal cell carcinomas (BCCs), although its prevalence of fewer than 1 in 30,000 individuals limits existing literature. There are sparse pediatric GS studies beyond case reports, creating a knowledge gap regarding childhood cutaneous findings and sequelae, including BCC age at onset, quantity, treatments, and impact. Herein, we describe a global survey to illustrate the clinical presentation, childhood perspectives, and BCC management trends for pediatric GS to improve the understanding and inform patient care.
Upcoming Treatments For Morphea, 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Upcoming Treatments For Morphea, Dan Wenzel, Nazgol-Sadat Haddadi, Khashayar Afshari, Jillian M. Richmond, Medhi Rashighi
Open Access Publications by UMass Chan Authors
Morphea (localized scleroderma) is a rare autoimmune connective tissue disease with variable clinical presentations, with an annual incidence of 0.4-2.7 cases per 100,000. Morphea occurs most frequently in children aged 2-14 years, and the disease exhibits a female predominance. Insights into morphea pathogenesis are often extrapolated from studies of systemic sclerosis due to their similar skin histopathologic features; however, clinically they are two distinct diseases as evidenced by different demographics, clinical features, disease course and prognosis. An interplay between genetic factors, epigenetic modifications, immune and vascular dysfunction, along with environmental hits are considered as the main contributors ...
Ecthyma Gangrenosum And Panniculitis Secondary To Acute Pseudomonas Myositis Without Bacteremia, 2021 Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine
Ecthyma Gangrenosum And Panniculitis Secondary To Acute Pseudomonas Myositis Without Bacteremia, Heather Gosnell, Matthew Burke, Joseph Shnouda
HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine
Ecthyma gangrenosum (EG) is a relatively uncommon cutaneous manifestation of an underlying Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection and is clinically described as necrotic with gangrenous ulcers surrounded by erythematous halos. Cases of EG may occur in the absence of bacteremia and have been increasingly reported in literature. Here we present a patient with features of both EG and panniculitis, despite the lack of underlying bacteremia.
A 57-year-old male presented to the emergency department with unrelenting right-sided lower back pain and an “itchy and painful” rash of four to five day duration. The patient had an extensive history of intravenous ...
Complications And Dosing Frequency Of 5% Imiquimod For Genital Warts In A Young Man, 2021 Wayne State University
Complications And Dosing Frequency Of 5% Imiquimod For Genital Warts In A Young Man, Sebastian A. Hoak
Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates
A clinical decision report using:
Fife KH, Ferenczy A, Douglas JM Jr, et al. Treatment of external genital warts in men using 5% imiquimod cream applied three times a week, once daily, twice daily, or three times a day. Sex Transm Dis. 2001;28(4):226-231. https://doi.org/10.1097/00007435-200104000-00007
for a patient with genital warts and an unstable social support network.
Collagen-Based Biomaterials With Possible Therapeutic Effects, 2021 CRAIOVA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRICS, CRAIOVA, ROMANIA
Collagen-Based Biomaterials With Possible Therapeutic Effects, Ramona Mihaela Nedelcuţă, Gigi Călin, Mihai Cristian Nedelcuţă, Vlad Dumitru Baleanu, Dragos Virgil Davitoiu, Bogdan Socea, Bogdan-Petre Stănoiu
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a rare, serious genetic disease, incurable through the current means. Apart from this initial definition, there was later some ease in the definition of the disease, including the manifestations of toxic epidermal necrolysis and Stevens Johnson syndrome in this entity. In medical practice, there are cases that do not overlap with the description in the literature, thus the treatment must be adapted and personalized to the particularities. We present the case of a female new-born, with "de novo" mutation for the early-onset antenatal epidermolysis and our personalized therapeutic management, based on collagen from bovine corneas by ...
The Role Of Photography In Increasing Efficiency Of Dermatologic Inpatient Consulting Service, 2021 University of Nebraska Medical Center
The Role Of Photography In Increasing Efficiency Of Dermatologic Inpatient Consulting Service, Ritu Swali, Tyler D. Evans, Dillon Clarey, Corey Georgesen, Ashley Wysong
Graduate Medical Education Research Journal
Inpatient dermatology consultations can bring a mixed bag of pathologies. Due to the highly specialized nature of dermatology and the lack of dermatologic training in medical school, the dermatologic team is consulted for matters that range from non-urgent to pressing. Pictures are a critical component of dermatology and greatly aid in the diagnosis of cutaneous diseases. In the inpatient setting, pictures can help streamline diagnosis and prevent unnecessary tests or procedures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate for the presence of pictures in patients’ chart after a dermatology consult had been placed through EPIC at the ...
Sweet Syndrome, Not So Sweet During An Ulcerative Colitis Flare Especially When You Cannot Eat, 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Sweet Syndrome, Not So Sweet During An Ulcerative Colitis Flare Especially When You Cannot Eat, Courtney Stead, Shahrad Hakimian, Christina Luffman, Zendee Elaba, Gregory Orlowski, Neil B. Marya
Open Access Publications by UMass Chan Authors
Sweet syndrome is a rare skin condition characterized by painful papules, nodules, or plaques with dense neutrophilic infiltrate in the upper dermis. It has been observed as idiopathic (classical), malignancy-associated, and drug-induced. The pathogenesis is not completely understood, but it is thought to involve hypersensitivity reactions to specific triggers. In some cases the etiology is unclear or may be multifactorial. We present a case of Sweet syndrome secondary to ulcerative colitis flare versus adalimumab re-induction.
Educational Case: Her-2 Positive Breast Cancer, 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Educational Case: Her-2 Positive Breast Cancer, Julia Jennings, Jennifer L. Clark
Open Access Publications by UMass Chan Authors
The following fictional case is intended as a learning tool within the Pathology Competencies for Medical Education (PCME), a set of national standards for teaching pathology. These are divided into three basic competencies: Disease Mechanisms and Processes, Organ System Pathology, and Diagnostic Medicine and Therapeutic Pathology.
Acute Generalized Exanthematous Pustulosis Induced By Cetuximab, 2021 Aga Khan University
Acute Generalized Exanthematous Pustulosis Induced By Cetuximab, Sadia Masood, Mohammad Rizwan, Saira Fatima, Palwasha Jalil
Department of Medicine
A wide variety of diseases and drugs can cause cutaneous pustular eruptions. Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) is a unique drug-induced dermatosis clinically presented as erythematous papular and pustular eruption, usually caused by certain systemic drugs. We are presenting a very rare association of AGEP with a biological agent, cetuximab. A male aged 66 years, who was recently diagnosed with a case of squamous cell carcinoma of glottis, presented in the dermatology clinic with a recent onset of fever and widespread pustular eruption over the face, trunk, and limbs. The eruption was noted after the injection of cetuximab given for ...
Osteoporosis Implications For The Aging Adult, 2021 Otterbein University
Osteoporosis Implications For The Aging Adult, Grace Alford
Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)
This poster describes the pathophysiology, symptoms, implications for care, and treatment of osteoporosis for advanced practice RNs. The research was conducted within health-related databases. The literature review narrowed the search to only include the pathophysiology, interventions, and care for osteoporosis. Literature was restricted to within the past five years. The research showed that osteoporosis reduces mineral density in bones and can be adequately treated within a short amount of time. It is important for nurses and advanced practice providers to be aware of current guidelines, screenings, and treatments for osteoporosis.