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Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms Commons

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A Review Of The Pathogenesis, Clinical Features And Diagnostic Indicators Of The Novel Condition Vaccine-Induced Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia, Ada Fleming 2022 Munster Technological University

A Review Of The Pathogenesis, Clinical Features And Diagnostic Indicators Of The Novel Condition Vaccine-Induced Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia, Ada Fleming

International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences

The introduction of vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 infection was a welcome and significant event in the COVID-19 pandemic. While vaccine administration was for the most part successful, it did come with the emergence of a novel condition, Vaccine-Induced Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia (VITT). This condition presents after the administration of adenoviral vector-based vaccines against COVID-19, causing thrombocytopenia and thrombosis in affected individuals. There have been 10 suspected cases of VITT in Ireland. While its mechanism is not fully understood, the condition is characterised by the presence of Platelet Factor 4 (PF4) antibodies. There are several laboratory indicators which may suggest that a patient ...


Identifying Predictors For Inflammation-Induced Preterm Birth: A Murine Study, Tzu Ning Liu BS, Jose Galaz MD, Nardhy Gomez-Lopez PhD 2022 Wayne State University School of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Identifying Predictors For Inflammation-Induced Preterm Birth: A Murine Study, Tzu Ning Liu Bs, Jose Galaz Md, Nardhy Gomez-Lopez Phd

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. A large proportion of preterm deliveries is affected by intra-amniotic inflammation, which can occur in the presence (intra-amniotic infection) or absence (sterile intra-amniotic inflammation) of microbes. Studies have shown an association between intra-amniotic inflammation, cervical shortening, and changes in the cervicovaginal microbiome. However, their causal relationships are unknown. This study aims to determine the causality of intra-amniotic inflammation, cervical shortening, and cervicovaginal microbiome alterations.

Methods: Pregnant C57BL/6 dams received an ultrasound-guided intra-amniotic injection of an endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or the alarmin interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) on ...


The Role Of Age Ligand And Rap1a In Myofibroblast Signaling Cascade In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus-Induced Cardiomyopathic Conditions, Camilla Puglia 2022 University of Mississippi

The Role Of Age Ligand And Rap1a In Myofibroblast Signaling Cascade In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus-Induced Cardiomyopathic Conditions, Camilla Puglia

Honors Theses

Diabetes is one of the leading causes of death in the United States, taking more than 90,000 lives annually. Type 2 diabetes mellitus-induced cardiac fibrosis is a common condition seen in diabetic patients. The AGE/RAGE signaling cascade has been strongly associated with this supposed cardiac fibrosis along with hyperactive myofibroblasts which excessively remodel extracellular matrix tissue, leading to damaged and enlarged heart muscle tissue. In diabetic patients, Advanced Glycation End Products (AGEs) are produced in abundance and accumulate in the extracellular matrix of heart tissue. To investigate the role of of the AGE ligand on fibroblast behavior, increasing ...


A Case Of Intracranial Empyema After Bacterial Sinusitis, Eric Doane, Bhumi Shah, Robert Belfer 2022 Rowan University

A Case Of Intracranial Empyema After Bacterial Sinusitis, Eric Doane, Bhumi Shah, Robert Belfer

Stratford Campus Research Day

Acute sinusitis in the pediatric population is a common presentation in the emergency department. Most cases are viral and can be managed conservatively and will resolve spontaneously in 7-10 days. Even in cases of bacterial sinusitis, patients can typically be discharged with oral antibiotics and close follow up with the pediatrician.

There is however a small subset of patients who will develop a rare lethal complication, an intracranial empyema. While the incidence in the developed world has decreased as antibiotics become more available, it is still estimated to occur in up to 5% of severe cases requiring hospitalization (1) . In ...


A Case Of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis In An Adult Male With Bipolar Disorder, Jinisha Patwa, Tracey Harris 2022 Rowan University

A Case Of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis In An Adult Male With Bipolar Disorder, Jinisha Patwa, Tracey Harris

Stratford Campus Research Day

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a rare demyelinating disease characterized by inflammation of the brain and spinal cord. The rapidly progressive inflammation in the central nervous system is known to occur in response to a prior infection or immunization.

The clinical signs of ADEM may manifest up to 60 days post illness or vaccination. Some develop encephalopathy and neurologic symptoms which include confusion, psychosis, and tetraparesis. Paresthesia of the limbs and muscular atrophy indicate a worse prognosis and higher risk of relapse as opposed to those with only CNS involvement. A predominantly psychiatric presentation is also possible.

Risk factors include ...


A Brief Literature Review On Heparin: To Bolus Or Not To Bolus, That Is The Question, Alex Gechlik, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Kishan Patel 2022 Rowan University

A Brief Literature Review On Heparin: To Bolus Or Not To Bolus, That Is The Question, Alex Gechlik, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Kishan Patel

Stratford Campus Research Day

Heparin is an anticoagulant medication, used to inhibit the formation of thrombi that pose arteriolar and vein-occlusive risk. The choice between starting a heparin infusion with or without an initial bolus is case dependent based on whether a patient is already anticoagulated and if so, foregoing an initial bolus. In contrast, both anticoagulated and non-anticoagulated patients share the same goal when receiving Heparin for various thromboembolic syndromes, and that is to be within aPTT target range of 1.5-2.5 or 45 to 75 seconds. Falling below goal range leads to a 20-25% recurrence of VTE, and aPTT above goal ...


A Preliminary Report: The Hippocampus And Surrounding Temporal Cortex Of Patients With Schizophrenia Have Impaired Blood-Brain Barrier, Eric L. Goldwaser, Randel L. Swanson, Edgardo J. Arroyo, Venkat Venkataraman, Mary C. Kosciuk, Robert G. Nagele, L. Elliot Hong, Nimish K. Acharya 2022 University of Maryland - Baltimore

A Preliminary Report: The Hippocampus And Surrounding Temporal Cortex Of Patients With Schizophrenia Have Impaired Blood-Brain Barrier, Eric L. Goldwaser, Randel L. Swanson, Edgardo J. Arroyo, Venkat Venkataraman, Mary C. Kosciuk, Robert G. Nagele, L. Elliot Hong, Nimish K. Acharya

Stratford Campus Research Day

Schizophrenia (SZ) is one of the most severe forms of mental illness, yet mechanisms remain unclear. A widely established brain finding in SZ is hippocampal atrophy, and a coherent explanation similarly is lacking. Epidemiological evidence suggests increased cerebrovascular and cardiovascular complications in SZ independent of lifestyle and medication, pointing to disease-specific pathology. Endothelial cell contributions to blood-brain barrier (BBB) compromise may influence neurovascular unit and peripheral vascular function, and we hypothesize that downstream functional and structural abnormalities may be explained by impaired BBB.


An Herbal Liver Effect: Ashwagandha-Induced Hepatotoxicity, Mohammad Rattu, Eric Maddock, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Neeharika Bhatnagar 2022 Rowan University

An Herbal Liver Effect: Ashwagandha-Induced Hepatotoxicity, Mohammad Rattu, Eric Maddock, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Neeharika Bhatnagar

Stratford Campus Research Day

Ashwagandha is a popular Ayurvedic herb that is derived from the extracts of the roots of Withania somnifera, an evergreen shrub endemic to India and Southeast Asia. It is generally utilized as a tonic to increase one’s energy and reduce stress levels. Often referred to as “Indian ginseng”, it provides neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory properties that address stress, pain, and fatigue. Additionally, it may assist in dealing with rashes, diabetes, and arthritis. It has also been shown to counteract the effects of aging. Though these properties have not been shown in prospective studies, it has become a popular product among ...


Bullous Pemphigoid With Excoriation Disorder In A 59 Year Old Woman, Kaitlin McGowan, Stephen Poos, Nguyen Vo 2022 Rowan University

Bullous Pemphigoid With Excoriation Disorder In A 59 Year Old Woman, Kaitlin Mcgowan, Stephen Poos, Nguyen Vo

Stratford Campus Research Day

Bullous pemphigoid is the most common autoimmune blistering disease. Classic symptoms include blisters overlying urticarial plaques on the torso and extremities. The condition can result in intense pruritus that begins during the prodromal period.

Excoriation disorder is related to obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and is characterized by recurrent skin picking that results in lesions, repeated attempts to stop or decrease the picking, and resultant mental distress or impairment in functioning.

We present a case of a 59-year-old Caucasian female who presented with diffuse rash on most of her body. This particular case is notable for its concurrent severe dermatological and ...


Bells Palsy: A Late Complication Of Sars-Cov-2 Infection, Rohan Umrani, Sameer Akhtar, Sean Coulson, Brian Thomas, Yvette Wang 2022 Rowan University

Bells Palsy: A Late Complication Of Sars-Cov-2 Infection, Rohan Umrani, Sameer Akhtar, Sean Coulson, Brian Thomas, Yvette Wang

Stratford Campus Research Day

A 60 year old male with a PMH of SARS-CoV-2, OSA and primary hypogonadism presented with a chief complaint of left sided facial numbness and weakness.

Bells Palsy is commonly caused by HSV, VZV, Lyme disease and less commonly ischemia or local compression. It presents with facial paralysis and loss of taste in anterior 2/3 of tongue.

In the absence of definitive Lyme serologies despite history of tick bite, it is likely that this patient had Bell’s Palsy as a late manifestation of COVID-19.


Atypical Presentation Of Ankylosing Spondylitis, Chandni Patel, Milvin Shroff, Maleeha Memon, Shideh Doroudi, Christine LeRoy 2022 St. Joseph's University Medical Center

Atypical Presentation Of Ankylosing Spondylitis, Chandni Patel, Milvin Shroff, Maleeha Memon, Shideh Doroudi, Christine Leroy

Stratford Campus Research Day

Radiographic axial spondyloarthritis axSpA ) or typical ankylosing spondyloarthritis (AS) is a classification of axial spondyloarthritis with the classic radiographic features of sacroiliitis. Axial spondyloarthritis is a disabling spondyloarthropathy of the spine that presents with chronic back pain usually before the age of 45. It may be associated with extraspinal features including dactylitis , synovitis, and enthesitis in addition to other nonarticular signs. Chronic back pain is one of the most common presenting symptoms for AS , but frequently there is a 5-7 year delay between the onset of symptoms and diagnosis of the disease . A standard AP plain radiograph demonstrating changes to ...


Association Of Perceived Early Adequate Analgesia And Chronic Pain Severity, Sean Coulson, Sameer Akhtar, Brian Thomas, Aleesa Mobley 2022 Rowan University

Association Of Perceived Early Adequate Analgesia And Chronic Pain Severity, Sean Coulson, Sameer Akhtar, Brian Thomas, Aleesa Mobley

Stratford Campus Research Day

Purpose: Establish if early adequate pain control is protective in the development of chronic pain syndromes.

Data collected via survey to patients being treated for chronic pain at the Neuromuscular Institute at RowanSOM

Data (small n) suggests patients with chronic pain have poorly controlled pain levels at the time of the acute event.

Anticipate with increased sample size will see a correlation between chronic pain prevalence and severity and perceived early adequate analgesia following the acute event.


Bilateral Teratomas In Pediatric Patient With Unilateral Ovarian Torsion, David Ho, Maya Borowczak, Archana Verma 2022 Rowan University

Bilateral Teratomas In Pediatric Patient With Unilateral Ovarian Torsion, David Ho, Maya Borowczak, Archana Verma

Stratford Campus Research Day

Ovarian torsion is a surgical emergency found in both pediatric and adult populations. It involves the full or partial rotation of the vessels that supply the ovary, resulting in ischemia. In this report, we present the case of a pediatric patient arriving to the Pediatric Emergency Department (PED) for evaluation of right lower quadrant (RLQ) abdominal pain, who was found to have an ovarian torsion. In this particular case, the patient’s ovarian torsion was due to a teratoma, and imaging would later identify an additional smaller teratoma on the contralateral side. This case shows the importance of considering ovarian ...


A Rare Case Of Acute Appendicitis In A 21-Year-Old Male With Midsternal Chest Pain, Muhammad Noman, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Andrew Caravello 2022 Rowan University

A Rare Case Of Acute Appendicitis In A 21-Year-Old Male With Midsternal Chest Pain, Muhammad Noman, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Andrew Caravello

Stratford Campus Research Day

Acute appendicitis is inflammation of the vestigial vermiform appendix. It is one of the leading causes of emergency department visits due to abdominal pain. The vermiform appendix is located at the base of cecum. The attachment does not change; however the tip may migrate to the retrocecal, subcecal, preileal, postileal and pelvic positions. Considering these normal anatomical positions, the pain presentation may vary in patients.

Even though this patient presented with midsternal chest pain, which was suspicious for GERD, it was crucial to perform a thorough head-to-toe exam to discover incidental findings that the patient did not report. In this ...


A Case Report On Causes Of Covid-19 Induced Psychosis And Treatments, Jennifer Pires, Steven Sarner 2022 Rowan University

A Case Report On Causes Of Covid-19 Induced Psychosis And Treatments, Jennifer Pires, Steven Sarner

Stratford Campus Research Day

COVID-19 is a viral infection that is caused by an RNA virus in a subfamily of Coronaviridae named severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS CoV 2). The family also includes severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS CoV) and middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS CoV) which have previously been shown to cause respiratory symptoms and psychosis with immunoreactivity to IgG.


A Suspected Case Of Vaccine Induced Thrombosis With Thrombocytopenia Following Sars Cov2 Vaccine, Maryam Soliman 2022 Rowan University

A Suspected Case Of Vaccine Induced Thrombosis With Thrombocytopenia Following Sars Cov2 Vaccine, Maryam Soliman

Stratford Campus Research Day

With the new development of the SARS-CoV vaccine and the majority of the population receiving this vaccine, it is important to recognize some of the rare side effects associated with it.

VITT is a rare complication of the COVID vaccine

Diagnostic criteria: COVID vaccine 4-24 days prior to symptom onset, any venous or arterial thrombosis, thrombocytopenia <150, positive PF4 HIT ELISA, markedly elevated D-dimer >4x ULN.

Vaccine Induced Thrombosis with Thrombocytopenia is a potentially life-threatening diagnosis that must be recognized and treated correctly to prevent poor outcomes.


A Puzzling Case Of Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus In The Outpatient Setting, Shadi Shams, Asim Shafique, Marym Khan, James Bailey 2022 Rowan University

A Puzzling Case Of Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus In The Outpatient Setting, Shadi Shams, Asim Shafique, Marym Khan, James Bailey

Stratford Campus Research Day

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) is a disease of adulthood characterized by the triad of gait disturbance, dementia, and urinary incontinence. Since NPH shares a lot of characteristics with other disorders including neurodegenerative disorders and degenerative-dystrophic spine, it is usually underdiagnosed and undertreated. Combination of ventriculomegaly seen on a computerized tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with clinical findings could be used in diagnosis of NPH. However, improvement of symptoms post spinal tap procedure would be a better indication of diagnosis. Currently, shunt placement is the best available modality of treatment for NPH. Here we present a case of ...


A Case Of Akinetic Mutism In Patient With Unilateral Anterior Communicating Artery Stroke, David Ho, Or Shachar, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, James Lee 2022 Rowan University

A Case Of Akinetic Mutism In Patient With Unilateral Anterior Communicating Artery Stroke, David Ho, Or Shachar, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, James Lee

Stratford Campus Research Day

Akinetic mutism, a rare neurological condition involving sensory, motor, language, behavior, and emotional changes, mimicking locked-in syndrome, should be considered in acute stroke patients presenting with speech deficits. This condition, although debilitating initially, does have prospects for recovery. In this case report, we present the case of a patient presenting to the ER for altered mental status, found to be in DKA, NSTEMI, suspected narcotic overdose, and unilateral acute ischemic stroke of the left anterior communicating artery (ACA), who was found to have Akinetic Mutism. In stroke patients presenting with aphasia and dysarthria, it is worth considering akinetic mutism in ...


Case Report: Glioblastoma Tumor Presenting With Mild Changes In Memory, Samuel Thalathoti, Nicholas Palladino, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna 2022 Rowan University

Case Report: Glioblastoma Tumor Presenting With Mild Changes In Memory, Samuel Thalathoti, Nicholas Palladino, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna

Stratford Campus Research Day

We report a case of a 66-year-old female who presented to the ED with generalized headache and mild confusion, who was diagnosed with high-grade glial neoplasm. The differential diagnosis of headache is vast, but without red flags or symptoms is generally from a benign cause and easily treatable. However, even in the context of a normal neurologic physical exam, symptoms such as confusion, forgetfulness, and behavioral changes should merit imaging in the workup. Glioblastoma is the most common brain tumor, accounting for 47.7% of all cases, with an incidence of 3.21 per 100,000 population. Median age of ...


Case Report: A Patient With Gait Dysfunction With Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy Masquerading As Diabetic Polyneuropathy, David Parkes, Russell Mordecai 2022 Rowan University

Case Report: A Patient With Gait Dysfunction With Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy Masquerading As Diabetic Polyneuropathy, David Parkes, Russell Mordecai

Stratford Campus Research Day

New onset gait dysfunction often prompts admission to the hospital for further evaluation. The typical patient is an elderly person who normally is self-sufficient but had recently experienced a decline in their ability to care for themselves. Sometimes, however, those who present with gait dysfunction do not fit the expected demographic. These individuals raise concern for less common “zebra” presentations of neurological dysfunction. We describe one such rare case of a 39-year-old female with a new onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus and recent COVID-19 infection that presented to the emergency department with a sensation of bilateral lower extremity burning ...


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