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The Current Treatment Of Erectile Dysfunction, Maria Isabela Sarbu, Mircea Tampa, Mădălina I. Mitran, Cristina I. Mitran, Vasile Benea, Simona R. Georgescu 2016 Carol Davila University, Department of Dermatology and Venereology

The Current Treatment Of Erectile Dysfunction, Maria Isabela Sarbu, Mircea Tampa, Mădălina I. Mitran, Cristina I. Mitran, Vasile Benea, Simona R. Georgescu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the inability to achieve and maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual intercourse. It is the most frequent sexual dysfunction in elderly men and its prevalence increases with age.

Ever since ED was recognized as a real health problem, several treatment options became available and some of them proved to be very efficient. PDE5 inhibitors are the mainstay treatment of ED.

However, other treatment options such as intracorporal injections, surgery, vacuum devices and prosthesis are also available for patients who are unresponsive to PDE5 inhibitors. Since none of the treatment options available so far has proven ...


The Postfinasteride Syndrome; An Overview, David L. Rowland, Ion G. Motofei, Florian Popa, Vlad D. Constantin, Adriana Vasilache, Ioana Păunică, Cristian Bălălău, Georgeta P. Păunică, Petrisor Banu, Stana Păunică 2016 Valparaiso University, Department of Psychology

The Postfinasteride Syndrome; An Overview, David L. Rowland, Ion G. Motofei, Florian Popa, Vlad D. Constantin, Adriana Vasilache, Ioana Păunică, Cristian Bălălău, Georgeta P. Păunică, Petrisor Banu, Stana Păunică

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

As a 5-α reductase inhibitor, Finasteride has proven effective in ameliorating two conditions documented to be androgen dependent, namely male androgenic alopecia and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Therapeutic results are maintained as long as the drug is administered, with treatment cessation generally leading to the return of symptomatology for each condition. In addition, during the therapeutic phase, several adverse effects have been reported, some of which persist long or indefinitely after treatment cessation, known as “post-finasteride syndrome.”

Herein we present and discuss the most common finasteride side effects, along with a psycho-neuroendocrine rationale that could explain the persistence of many adverse ...


Regulation Of Polycystin-1 Function By Calmodulin Binding, Nicholas Doerr, Yidi Wang, Kevin R. Kipp, Guangyi Liu, Jesse J. Benza, Vladimir Pletnev, Tengis S. Pavlov, Alexander Staruschenko, Ashraf M. Mohieldin, Maki Takahashi, Surya M. Nauli, Thomas Weimbs 2016 University of California, Santa Barbara

Regulation Of Polycystin-1 Function By Calmodulin Binding, Nicholas Doerr, Yidi Wang, Kevin R. Kipp, Guangyi Liu, Jesse J. Benza, Vladimir Pletnev, Tengis S. Pavlov, Alexander Staruschenko, Ashraf M. Mohieldin, Maki Takahashi, Surya M. Nauli, Thomas Weimbs

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) is a common genetic disease that leads to progressive renal cyst growth and loss of renal function, and is caused by mutations in the genes encoding polycystin-1 (PC1) and polycystin-2 (PC2), respectively. The PC1/PC2 complex localizes to primary cilia and can act as a flow-dependent calcium channel in addition to numerous other signaling functions. The exact functions of the polycystins, their regulation and the purpose of the PC1/PC2 channel are still poorly understood. PC1 is an integral membrane protein with a large extracytoplasmic N-terminal domain and a short, ~200 amino acid C-terminal ...


Vitamin D Deficiency In Ambulatory Patients, Lubna M Zuberi, Aysha Habib, Naeemul Haque, Abdul Jabbar 2016 Aga Khan University

Vitamin D Deficiency In Ambulatory Patients, Lubna M Zuberi, Aysha Habib, Naeemul Haque, Abdul Jabbar

Aysha Habib Khan

OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of subclinical vitamin D deficiency in an ambulatory care setting.

METHODS: This was an observational study which measured 25 vitamin D levels in medical clinic patients. Patients with chronic renal failure, known osteomalacia and rickets were excluded. A total of 119 patients were evaluated. They were divided in three diagnostic categories based on their serum 25 vitamin D levels. Those with levels below 8 ng/ml were categorized to have severe deficiency, levels between 8 - 20 ng/ml as moderate deficiency and levels of 21-35 mg/ml as mild deficiency.

RESULTS: Of 119 patients, 92 ...


Depression Treatment Decreases Healthcare Expenditures Among Working Age Patients With Comorbid Conditions And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Along With Newly-Diagnosed Depression, Rituparna Bhattacharya, Chan Shen, Amy B. Wachholtz, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Usha Sambamthoori 2016 Humana, Inc.

Depression Treatment Decreases Healthcare Expenditures Among Working Age Patients With Comorbid Conditions And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Along With Newly-Diagnosed Depression, Rituparna Bhattacharya, Chan Shen, Amy B. Wachholtz, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Usha Sambamthoori

Amy B. Wachholtz

BACKGROUND: There are many studies in the literature on the association between depression treatment and health expenditures. However, there is a knowledge gap in examining this relationship taking into account coexisting chronic conditions among patients with diabetes. We aim to analyze the association between depression treatment and healthcare expenditures among adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and newly-diagnosed depression, with consideration of coexisting chronic physical conditions.

METHODS: We used multi-state Medicaid data (2000-2008) and adopted a retrospective longitudinal cohort design. Medical conditions were identified using diagnosis codes (ICD-9-CM and CPT systems). Healthcare expenditures were aggregated for each month for ...


Depression Treatment Decreases Healthcare Expenditures Among Working Age Patients With Comorbid Conditions And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Along With Newly-Diagnosed Depression, Rituparna Bhattacharya, Chan Shen, Amy B. Wachholtz, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Usha Sambamthoori 2016 Humana, Inc.

Depression Treatment Decreases Healthcare Expenditures Among Working Age Patients With Comorbid Conditions And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Along With Newly-Diagnosed Depression, Rituparna Bhattacharya, Chan Shen, Amy B. Wachholtz, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Usha Sambamthoori

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: There are many studies in the literature on the association between depression treatment and health expenditures. However, there is a knowledge gap in examining this relationship taking into account coexisting chronic conditions among patients with diabetes. We aim to analyze the association between depression treatment and healthcare expenditures among adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and newly-diagnosed depression, with consideration of coexisting chronic physical conditions.

METHODS: We used multi-state Medicaid data (2000-2008) and adopted a retrospective longitudinal cohort design. Medical conditions were identified using diagnosis codes (ICD-9-CM and CPT systems). Healthcare expenditures were aggregated for each month for ...


Comparison Of Diabetic Remission Rates Following Roux En-Y Gastric Bypass And Longitudinal Sleeve Gastrectomy, Zachary Weitzner, Julie Flahive, Gordon Fitzgerald, Donald Czerniach, Philip Cohen, John Kelly, Richard A. Perugini 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Comparison Of Diabetic Remission Rates Following Roux En-Y Gastric Bypass And Longitudinal Sleeve Gastrectomy, Zachary Weitzner, Julie Flahive, Gordon Fitzgerald, Donald Czerniach, Philip Cohen, John Kelly, Richard A. Perugini

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Introduction: Bariatric surgery is being increasingly investigated as treatment for Type II Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). As Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG) surpasses Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) as the new standard in bariatric surgery, it is still unknown if its efficacy in achieving remission is comparable to RYGB. This study compared diabetic remission rates between SG and RYGB in order to identify the predictive factors for remission and the mechanisms of achieving remission.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study comparing all diabetic patients undergoing RYGB and SG at an academic medical center from 1/1/11-7/1/15. Patients were followed preoperatively ...


Differences In Complication Rates Between Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass And Longitudinal Sleeve Gastrectomy, Zachary Weitzner, Julie Flahive, Gordon Fitzgerald, Donald Czerniach, Philip Cohen, John Kelly, Richard A. Perugini 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Differences In Complication Rates Between Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass And Longitudinal Sleeve Gastrectomy, Zachary Weitzner, Julie Flahive, Gordon Fitzgerald, Donald Czerniach, Philip Cohen, John Kelly, Richard A. Perugini

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Introduction: Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG) has surpassed Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) as the most commonly performed bariatric operation. Though the beneficial effect of SG on Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is less than that of RYGB, it is perceived to have a lower complication rate. The purpose of this study was to quantify the complication rates between of SG and RYGB in a severely obese diabetic population.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study that included all diabetic patients undergoing RYGB and SG at an academic medical center from January 1, 2011 to July 1, 2015. Patients were followed at 6 week ...


Electronic Communication Systems: Energizing The Patient With Diabetes To Engage In Their Own Health Care, Michael J. Thompson 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Electronic Communication Systems: Energizing The Patient With Diabetes To Engage In Their Own Health Care, Michael J. Thompson

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

As part of the mini-symposium entitled "Interdiscipllinary Mobile Health and Sensing Research," Dr. Thompson discusses his work in mobile diabetes monitoring.


An N Of One: My Review Of Management Of Type 1 Diabetes, Myself As Patient, Jarred Daugherty 2016 Butler University

An N Of One: My Review Of Management Of Type 1 Diabetes, Myself As Patient, Jarred Daugherty

BU Well

As technology has advanced, so has the management of diabetes. Insulin, the essential medication for type 1 diabetes, is marketed in an array of formulations and devices. Continuous glucose monitors (CGM) can be inserted to measure blood glucose every 5 minutes. The rise of social media has given diabetics online support groups, where they can share their story and learn from others overcoming similar challenges. So, how well do the current diabetes management strategies work? My name Is Jarred and I’m a type 1 diabetic. I have tried many of these products and this article is a review of ...


Screening Diabetic And Hypertensive Patients For Ocular Pathology Using Telemedicine Technology In Rural West Virginia: A Retrospective Chart Review, Rezwan Ahmed MD, Stephen M. Petrany, Russell Fry II, Michael Krasnow DO, PhD 2016 Marshall University

Screening Diabetic And Hypertensive Patients For Ocular Pathology Using Telemedicine Technology In Rural West Virginia: A Retrospective Chart Review, Rezwan Ahmed Md, Stephen M. Petrany, Russell Fry Ii, Michael Krasnow Do, Phd

Russell L. Fry, II

Abstract: Purpose: There is a disparity between the number of people who need healthcare and availability of medical services in rural areas. This paper describes the experience of using telemedicine technologies for ophthalmologic evaluation in diabetic and hypertensive patients presenting to a community health center in rural West Virginia.

Methods: A registered nurse at a community health center in McDowell County, WV was trained to use a retinal camera to capture high-resolution digital images of the retina. Patients with diabetes or hypertension were screened during their routine primary care visits. Retinal photos were transmitted to an ophthalmologist for review and ...


Screening Diabetic And Hypertensive Patients For Ocular Pathology Using Telemedicine Technology In Rural West Virginia: A Retrospective Chart Review, Rezwan Ahmed MD, Stephen M. Petrany, Russell Fry II, Michael Krasnow DO, PhD 2016 Marshall University

Screening Diabetic And Hypertensive Patients For Ocular Pathology Using Telemedicine Technology In Rural West Virginia: A Retrospective Chart Review, Rezwan Ahmed Md, Stephen M. Petrany, Russell Fry Ii, Michael Krasnow Do, Phd

Stephen M. Petrany MD

Abstract: Purpose: There is a disparity between the number of people who need healthcare and availability of medical services in rural areas. This paper describes the experience of using telemedicine technologies for ophthalmologic evaluation in diabetic and hypertensive patients presenting to a community health center in rural West Virginia.

Methods: A registered nurse at a community health center in McDowell County, WV was trained to use a retinal camera to capture high-resolution digital images of the retina. Patients with diabetes or hypertension were screened during their routine primary care visits. Retinal photos were transmitted to an ophthalmologist for review and ...


Hit Identification For Pkcζ Inhibitors: Structure-Based Optimization, Virtual Screening, And Biological Evaluation, Xiaoxin Wu 2016 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Hit Identification For Pkcζ Inhibitors: Structure-Based Optimization, Virtual Screening, And Biological Evaluation, Xiaoxin Wu

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Protein kinase C ζ (PKCζ) is believed to be a promising target for the treatment of some diseases, including inflammatory diseases, obesity and diabetes. Hit identification of PKCζ inhibitors was conducted by structure-based modification, virtual screening and biological evaluation. Among all the compounds selected and synthesized, compound JW-1-60A showed moderate activity against PKCζ at 30 μM and 100 μM. The molecular modeling studies showed that the binding mode of JW-1-61A was very close to the binding mode of JP-3-149, a reported PKCζ inhibitor with very potent activity, which might partially explain the moderate activity of JW-1-61A. Based on the structure ...


Heme Oxygenase-1 Induction Improves Cardiac Function Following Myocardial Ischemia By Reducing Oxidative Stress, Yossi Issan, Ran Kornowski, Dan Aravot, Asher Shainberg, Michal Laniado-Schwartzman, Komal Sodhi, Nader G. Abraham, Edith Hochhauser 2016 Marshall University

Heme Oxygenase-1 Induction Improves Cardiac Function Following Myocardial Ischemia By Reducing Oxidative Stress, Yossi Issan, Ran Kornowski, Dan Aravot, Asher Shainberg, Michal Laniado-Schwartzman, Komal Sodhi, Nader G. Abraham, Edith Hochhauser

Nader G. Abraham

Background

Oxidative stress plays a key role in exacerbating diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), a stress response protein, is cytoprotective, but its role in post myocardial infarction (MI) and diabetes is not fully characterized. We aimed to investigate the protection and the mechanisms of HO-1 induction in cardiomyocytes subjected to hypoxia and in diabetic mice subjected to LAD ligation.

Methods

In vitro: cultured cardiomyocytes were treated with cobalt-protoporphyrin (CoPP) and tin protoporphyrin (SnPP) prior to hypoxic stress. In vivo: CoPP treated streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice were subjected to LAD ligation for 2/24 h. Cardiac function, histology, biochemical damage ...


Heme Oxygenase-1 Induction Improves Cardiac Function Following Myocardial Ischemia By Reducing Oxidative Stress, Yossi Issan, Ran Kornowski, Dan Aravot, Asher Shainberg, Michal Laniado-Schwartzman, Komal Sodhi, Nader G. Abraham, Edith Hochhauser 2016 Marshall University

Heme Oxygenase-1 Induction Improves Cardiac Function Following Myocardial Ischemia By Reducing Oxidative Stress, Yossi Issan, Ran Kornowski, Dan Aravot, Asher Shainberg, Michal Laniado-Schwartzman, Komal Sodhi, Nader G. Abraham, Edith Hochhauser

Komal Sodhi

Background

Oxidative stress plays a key role in exacerbating diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), a stress response protein, is cytoprotective, but its role in post myocardial infarction (MI) and diabetes is not fully characterized. We aimed to investigate the protection and the mechanisms of HO-1 induction in cardiomyocytes subjected to hypoxia and in diabetic mice subjected to LAD ligation.

Methods

In vitro: cultured cardiomyocytes were treated with cobalt-protoporphyrin (CoPP) and tin protoporphyrin (SnPP) prior to hypoxic stress. In vivo: CoPP treated streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice were subjected to LAD ligation for 2/24 h. Cardiac function, histology, biochemical damage ...


Examining Maternal Obesity Effects On Oogenesis, Follicular Development, And Embryonic Myogenesis, Chris Lindeman, Jennifer Wood 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Examining Maternal Obesity Effects On Oogenesis, Follicular Development, And Embryonic Myogenesis, Chris Lindeman, Jennifer Wood

UCARE Research Products

The CDC estimates that more than one-third of U.S. adults (approximately 78.6 million) are obese. Despite national efforts to combat this with diet and exercise, the number of obese adults and children continues to climb. It is critical to emphasize that obesity can lead to lifelong, chronic complications and health risks including hypertension, heart disease, and diabetes.

Diet and obesity also have important impacts on the reproductive health of female including the ability to become pregnant (fertility) and risk for complications during pregnancy. Furthermore, for women who do become pregnant, obesity can affect the development of the embryo ...


Stakeholder Perspectives On Changes In Hypertension Care Under The Patient-Centered Medical Home, Alison J. O'Donnell, Hillary R. Bogner, Peter F. Cronholm, Katherine Kellom, Michelle Miller-Day, Heather F. de Vries McClintock, Elise M. Kaye, Robert Gabbay 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Stakeholder Perspectives On Changes In Hypertension Care Under The Patient-Centered Medical Home, Alison J. O'Donnell, Hillary R. Bogner, Peter F. Cronholm, Katherine Kellom, Michelle Miller-Day, Heather F. De Vries Mcclintock, Elise M. Kaye, Robert Gabbay

Communication Faculty Articles and Research

Introduction

Hypertension is a major modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular and kidney disease, yet the proportion of adults whose hypertension is controlled is low. The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) is a model for care delivery that emphasizes patientcentered and team-based care and focuses on quality and safety. Our goal was to investigate changes in hypertension care under PCMH implementation in a large multipayer PCMH demonstration project that may have led to improvements in hypertension control.

Methods

The PCMH transformation initiative conducted 118 semistructured interviews at 17 primary care practices in southeastern Pennsylvania between January 2011 and January 2012. Clinicians (n ...


Racial Disparities In Outcomes Following Kidney Transplantation: A Single-Center Experience, Vani Nilakantan, Maharaj Singh, Ruth M. Perez, Yang Shi, Ahmed Dalmar, Brittany T. Last, Ajay Sahajpal 2016 Aurora Health Care

Racial Disparities In Outcomes Following Kidney Transplantation: A Single-Center Experience, Vani Nilakantan, Maharaj Singh, Ruth M. Perez, Yang Shi, Ahmed Dalmar, Brittany T. Last, Ajay Sahajpal

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose

Kidney transplantation remains the best treatment option for end-stage renal disease. However, despite overall improvements in patient and graft survival rates after kidney transplantation, differences in outcomes still exist among different racial and ethnic groups, with African-Americans having lower graft survival. Gaps continue to exist in the understanding of how demographic factors contribute to the varying outcomes among racial/ethnic groups.

Methods

We retrospectively evaluated kidney transplant outcomes in four racial/ethnic groups over a 12-year period at a large tertiary care center. Primary and secondary study outcomes were patient and graft survival across groups. To determine factors that ...


Diabetes Is Associated With Worse Clinical Presentation In Tuberculosis Patients From Brazil: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Leonardo Gil-Santana, Jilson L. Almeida-Junior, Carolina A.M. Oliveira, Lucas S. Hickson, Carla Daltro, Simone Castro, Hardy Kornfeld, Eduardo M. Netto, Bruno B. Andrade 2016 Fundação Oswaldo Cruz

Diabetes Is Associated With Worse Clinical Presentation In Tuberculosis Patients From Brazil: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Leonardo Gil-Santana, Jilson L. Almeida-Junior, Carolina A.M. Oliveira, Lucas S. Hickson, Carla Daltro, Simone Castro, Hardy Kornfeld, Eduardo M. Netto, Bruno B. Andrade

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: The rising prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) worldwide, especially in developing countries, and the persistence of tuberculosis (TB) as a major public health issue in these same regions, emphasize the importance of investigating this association. Here, we compared the clinical profile and disease outcomes of TB patients with or without coincident DM in a TB reference center in Brazil.

METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of a TB patient cohort (treatment naive) of 408 individuals recruited at a TB primary care center in Brazil between 2004 and 2010. Data on diagnosis of TB and DM were used to define ...


Treatment Of Pasireotide Lar-Associated Hyperglycemia In A Patient With Acromegaly, Cheryl Rosenfeld 2016 Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine (Middletown)

Treatment Of Pasireotide Lar-Associated Hyperglycemia In A Patient With Acromegaly, Cheryl Rosenfeld

Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine (Middletown) Publications and Research

Objective: Hyperglycemia was noted in pasireotide long-acting release (PAS LAR}-treated patients with acromegaly during clinical trials. We describe a clinical approach to hyperglycemia in a patient with acromegaly and diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) during PAS LAR initiation and treatment.

Methods: Clinical response to PAS LAR, including self­ monitored blood glucose (SMBG) levels, HbA1c, IGF-1, and adverse effects, was reported. Case Presentation: A 44-year-old male was referred for consultation in 2007 owing to uncontrolled DM2 despite maximum metformin (MET) dose. Testing led to a biochemical diagnosis of acromegaly. An 8-mm pituitary adenoma was seen on MRI. Transsphenoidal pituitary adenoma ...


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