Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Endocrine System Diseases Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

503 Full-Text Articles 1,234 Authors 87,009 Downloads 74 Institutions

All Articles in Endocrine System Diseases

Faceted Search

503 full-text articles. Page 1 of 20.

Partial Clinical Remission Of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus In Children: Clinical Applications And Challenges With Its Definitions, Benjamin U. Nwosu 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Partial Clinical Remission Of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus In Children: Clinical Applications And Challenges With Its Definitions, Benjamin U. Nwosu

Benjamin U. Nwosu

The honeymoon phase, or partial clinical remission (PCR) phase, of Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a transitory period that is marked by endogenous insulin production by surviving β cells following a diabetes diagnosis and the introduction of insulin therapy. It is a critical window in the course of the disease that has short and long-term implications for the patient, such as a significant reduction in the risk of long-term complications of T1DM. To promote long-term cardiovascular health in children with newly diagnosed T1DM, three key steps are necessary: the generation of a predictive model for non-remission, the adoption of ...


Pubertal Lipid Levels Are Significantly Lower In Youth With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced Partial Clinical Remission, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Shwetha Rupendu, Emily Zitek-Morrison, Deepa Patel, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Gabrielle Jasmin, Bruce A. Barton 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Pubertal Lipid Levels Are Significantly Lower In Youth With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced Partial Clinical Remission, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Shwetha Rupendu, Emily Zitek-Morrison, Deepa Patel, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Gabrielle Jasmin, Bruce A. Barton

Benjamin U. Nwosu

Importance: The physiologic changes in lipids during puberty in type 1 diabetes (T1D) is unclear as subjects in previous studies were not stratified by partial clinical remission (PCR) status.

Aim: To determine the effect of PCR on lipid changes during puberty in youth with T1D.

Subjects and Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study of 194 subjects consisting of 71 controls of age 12.9±1.3y and 123 subjects with T1D stratified into remitters (n=44, age 13.0±0.8y) and non-remitters (n=79, age 11.2±0.6y). PCR was defined as insulin-dose adjusted HbA1c of ≤9. Pubertal status ...


Partial Clinical Remission Of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus In Children: Clinical Applications And Challenges With Its Definitions, Benjamin U. Nwosu 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Partial Clinical Remission Of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus In Children: Clinical Applications And Challenges With Its Definitions, Benjamin U. Nwosu

Endocrinology/Diabetes

The honeymoon phase, or partial clinical remission (PCR) phase, of Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a transitory period that is marked by endogenous insulin production by surviving β cells following a diabetes diagnosis and the introduction of insulin therapy. It is a critical window in the course of the disease that has short and long-term implications for the patient, such as a significant reduction in the risk of long-term complications of T1DM. To promote long-term cardiovascular health in children with newly diagnosed T1DM, three key steps are necessary: the generation of a predictive model for non-remission, the adoption of ...


Immunosuppressive Treatment And The Risk Of Diabetes In Rheumatoid Arthritis, Siri Lillegraven, Jeffrey D. Greenberg, George W. Reed, Katherine Saunders, Jeffrey R. Curtis, Leslie R. Harrold, Marc C. Hochberg, Dimitrios A. Pappas, Joel M. Kremer, Daniel H. Solomon 2019 Diakonhjemmet Hospital

Immunosuppressive Treatment And The Risk Of Diabetes In Rheumatoid Arthritis, Siri Lillegraven, Jeffrey D. Greenberg, George W. Reed, Katherine Saunders, Jeffrey R. Curtis, Leslie R. Harrold, Marc C. Hochberg, Dimitrios A. Pappas, Joel M. Kremer, Daniel H. Solomon

Leslie R. Harrold

OBJECTIVE: Inflammation and anti-inflammatory treatments might influence the risk of diabetes. The objective of this study was to assess factors associated with incident diabetes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

METHODS: The study population consisted of RA patients from a multi-center cohort study, Corrona. To assess risk associated with disease modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) exposure, we assessed five mutually exclusive DMARD groups. Additionally, we assessed the risk associated with body mass index (BMI, < 25, 25-30, > 30 kg/m2) and glucocorticoid usage. Incident cases of diabetes were confirmed through adjudication, and Cox regression models were fit to estimate the risk of incident diabetes.

RESULTS: We ...


Pubertal Lipid Levels Are Significantly Lower In Youth With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced Partial Clinical Remission, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Shwetha Rupendu, Emily Zitek-Morrison, Deepa Patel, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Gabrielle Jasmin, Bruce A. Barton 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Pubertal Lipid Levels Are Significantly Lower In Youth With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced Partial Clinical Remission, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Shwetha Rupendu, Emily Zitek-Morrison, Deepa Patel, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Gabrielle Jasmin, Bruce A. Barton

Endocrinology/Diabetes

Importance: The physiologic changes in lipids during puberty in type 1 diabetes (T1D) is unclear as subjects in previous studies were not stratified by partial clinical remission (PCR) status.

Aim: To determine the effect of PCR on lipid changes during puberty in youth with T1D.

Subjects and Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study of 194 subjects consisting of 71 controls of age 12.9±1.3y and 123 subjects with T1D stratified into remitters (n=44, age 13.0±0.8y) and non-remitters (n=79, age 11.2±0.6y). PCR was defined as insulin-dose adjusted HbA1c of ≤9. Pubertal status ...


Diabetic Neuropathic Foot Without Neuropathy: Could It Be Cancer? - A Case Report, Jennifer Baima, Felix Santiago, Mathew J. Most 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Diabetic Neuropathic Foot Without Neuropathy: Could It Be Cancer? - A Case Report, Jennifer Baima, Felix Santiago, Mathew J. Most

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications and Presentations

We present a case of a 64 year-old diabetic male who presented with months of progressively worsening foot pain and swelling, who was initially diagnosed with Charcot joint disease.(CJD) He was ultimately found to have a very rare tumor.


Health Literacy And Type 2 Diabetes In Barbados, Coralene Quimby-Worrell 2019 University of Phoenix

Health Literacy And Type 2 Diabetes In Barbados, Coralene Quimby-Worrell

The Qualitative Report

IIn this qualitative instrumental single case study, I explored how patients living with Type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Barbados manage the disease and what role health literacy might play. Purposeful sampling aided in selecting the sample for the study. The sample was 23 participants who were 40 years and older, diagnosed with T2D, living in Barbados, and attending the Endocrine Center for treatment. Participants responded to 13 open ended questions used to answer the research questions. Information was coded using NVivo 10 software and the software provided the themes based on the participants’ responses to the interview questions. The ...


Susceptibility To Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In Hepatitis C Patients: A Systematic Review, Jiani Yu 2019 University of Lynchburg

Susceptibility To Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In Hepatitis C Patients: A Systematic Review, Jiani Yu

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Importance: Hepatitis C is a disease that leads to many chronic extrahepatic conditions. The establishment of the connection between hepatitis C infection and diabetes mellitus may help to change the current practice protocol and better manage both conditions.

Objective: To investigate the relationship between hepatitis C and diabetes mellitus to establish a correlation to change clinical practice.

Evidence Review: a systematic review of English-language literature on Pub-Med published in the last five years to identify articles related to hepatitis C and diabetes mellitus in adults.

Conclusion and Relevance: Multiple pieces of researches support the linkage between hepatitis C infection and ...


Immunosuppressive Treatment And The Risk Of Diabetes In Rheumatoid Arthritis, Siri Lillegraven, Jeffrey D. Greenberg, George W. Reed, Katherine Saunders, Jeffrey R. Curtis, Leslie R. Harrold, Marc C. Hochberg, Dimitrios A. Pappas, Joel M. Kremer, Daniel H. Solomon 2019 Diakonhjemmet Hospital

Immunosuppressive Treatment And The Risk Of Diabetes In Rheumatoid Arthritis, Siri Lillegraven, Jeffrey D. Greenberg, George W. Reed, Katherine Saunders, Jeffrey R. Curtis, Leslie R. Harrold, Marc C. Hochberg, Dimitrios A. Pappas, Joel M. Kremer, Daniel H. Solomon

Open Access Articles

OBJECTIVE: Inflammation and anti-inflammatory treatments might influence the risk of diabetes. The objective of this study was to assess factors associated with incident diabetes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

METHODS: The study population consisted of RA patients from a multi-center cohort study, Corrona. To assess risk associated with disease modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) exposure, we assessed five mutually exclusive DMARD groups. Additionally, we assessed the risk associated with body mass index (BMI, < 25, 25-30, > 30 kg/m2) and glucocorticoid usage. Incident cases of diabetes were confirmed through adjudication, and Cox regression models were fit to estimate the risk of incident diabetes.

RESULTS: We ...


Human Islets Expressing Hnf1a Variant Have Defective Beta Cell Transcriptional Regulatory Networks, Rachana Haliyur, Sambra D. Redick, David M. Harlan, Alvin C. Powers 2019 Vanderbilt University

Human Islets Expressing Hnf1a Variant Have Defective Beta Cell Transcriptional Regulatory Networks, Rachana Haliyur, Sambra D. Redick, David M. Harlan, Alvin C. Powers

Open Access Articles

Using an integrated approach to characterize the pancreatic tissue and isolated islets from a 33-year-old with 17 years of type 1 diabetes (T1D), we found that donor islets contained beta cells without insulitis and lacked glucose-stimulated insulin secretion despite a normal insulin response to cAMP-evoked stimulation. With these unexpected findings for T1D, we sequenced the donor DNA and found a pathogenic heterozygous variant in the gene encoding hepatocyte nuclear factor-1alpha (HNF1A). In one of the first studies of human pancreatic islets with a disease-causing HNF1A variant associated with the most common form of monogenic diabetes, we found that HNF1A dysfunction ...


Racial Disparities In The Diagnosis And Treatment Of Type 1 Diabetes In Black American Youth, Kierra Mitchell 2019 Scripps College

Racial Disparities In The Diagnosis And Treatment Of Type 1 Diabetes In Black American Youth, Kierra Mitchell

Scripps Senior Theses

Introduction: Rates of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes (T1D) are steadily increasing among American youth, yet Black Americans are more likely to suffer from serious T1D-related complications caused by poor glycemic control. The aim of this thesis is to determine the external factors that are causing discrepancies in the development, diagnosis, treatment, and long-term management of T1D in Black youth.

Methods: Epidemiological studies were compiled from the American Diabetes Association, Center for Disease Control (CDC), International Diabetes Foundation (IDF), Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF), and the Claremont Colleges Library network to identify the sociocultural aspects that negatively affect long-term glycemic control in ...


Video-Based Diabetes Education For A Culturally Diverse Population, Heather Harris 2018 Georgia College

Video-Based Diabetes Education For A Culturally Diverse Population, Heather Harris

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Translational and Clinical Research Projects

Immigrants and refugees represent an underserved population in need of quality, accessible, and culturally appropriate healthcare and education. Diabetes is a chronic condition frequently seen in this population. The author utilized the Wagner Chronic Care Model (CCM) as a theoretical framework for planning diabetes education delivery in this diverse population. Studies report significant health disparities in diabetes care and subsequent poor diabetes quality indicators in refugees and immigrants. Research has found that culturally sensitive diabetes education can improve diabetes outcomes in ethnically diverse populations. The author implemented a translational project to develop and evaluate a video-based diabetes health education intervention ...


Clinical Cues Of Suboptimal Glucose Homeostasis In Individuals Diagnosed With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Integrative Literature Review, Joel Hutson 2018 DePaul University

Clinical Cues Of Suboptimal Glucose Homeostasis In Individuals Diagnosed With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Integrative Literature Review, Joel Hutson

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: General practice healthcare providers may not fully utilize all available subtle clinical cues (physical/behavioral signs and symptoms) when screening for diabetes, or when assessing for suboptimal control of glucose homeostasis.

Objectives: To assess the prevalence and utility of incorporating diabetic clinical cues into routine physical assessments and questionnaires of individuals with type 2 diabetes, and to compile a comprehensive list and questionnaire using clinical cues.

Methods: Utilizing the databases CINAHL Complete, PubMed, and Academic Search Complete, an integrative literature review of 78 studies was conducted using the key terms type 2 diabetes and clinical manifestations of diabetes.

Results ...


Stem Cell Generated Β-Cells: A Possible Solution To The Growing Problem Of Type 1 Diabetes, Danielle Rae Steffen 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Stem Cell Generated Β-Cells: A Possible Solution To The Growing Problem Of Type 1 Diabetes, Danielle Rae Steffen

Biology: Student Scholarship & Creative Works

Type 1 diabetes is a growing problem throughout the world. At this time, there is no functional cure, only various treatment options. However, in recent years there has been a significant increase in both the quantity and quality of research into potential cures for type 1 diabetes. This has led to a variety of new possibilities, the most promising of which are β-cells generated from the patient’s own stem cells.


Germline Sdhb And Sdhd Mutations In Pheochromocytoma And Paraganglioma Patients, Yiqiang Huang, Lin-Ang Wang, Qiubo Xie, Jian Pang, Luofu Wang, Yuting Yi, Jun Zhang, Yao Zhang, Rongrong Chen, Weihua Lan, Dianzheng Zhang, Jun Jiang 2018 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Germline Sdhb And Sdhd Mutations In Pheochromocytoma And Paraganglioma Patients, Yiqiang Huang, Lin-Ang Wang, Qiubo Xie, Jian Pang, Luofu Wang, Yuting Yi, Jun Zhang, Yao Zhang, Rongrong Chen, Weihua Lan, Dianzheng Zhang, Jun Jiang

PCOM Scholarly Papers

Pheochromocytoma and paragangliomas (PCC/PGL) are neuroendocrine tumors that arise from chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla and sympathetic/parasympathetic ganglia, respectively. Of clinical relevance regarding diagnosis is the highly variable presentation of symptoms in PCC/PGL patients. To date, the clear-cut correlations between the genotypes and phenotypes of PCC/PGL have not been entirely established. In this study, we reviewed the medical records of PCC/PGL patients with pertinent clinical, laboratory and genetic information. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) performed on patient samples revealed specific germline mutations in the SDHB (succinate dehydrogenase complex iron-sulfur subunit B) and SDHD(succinate dehydrogenase complex ...


Men’S Health In Industries: Plastic Plant Pollution And Prevalence Of Pre-Diabetes And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Sultan Ayoub Meo, Faris Jamal AlMutairi, Majed Mohammed Alasbali, Turki Badr Alqahtani, Saad Saeed AlMutairi, Rakan Abdulaziz Albuhayjan, Fawziah Al Rouq, Naseer Ahmed 2018 King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Men’S Health In Industries: Plastic Plant Pollution And Prevalence Of Pre-Diabetes And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Sultan Ayoub Meo, Faris Jamal Almutairi, Majed Mohammed Alasbali, Turki Badr Alqahtani, Saad Saeed Almutairi, Rakan Abdulaziz Albuhayjan, Fawziah Al Rouq, Naseer Ahmed

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Plastic production is prominently increasing and its pollution is an emerging environmental global health concern. This study aimed to investigate the occurrence of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among nonsmoking plastic industry workers. Three hundred and forty volunteers male plastic industry workers were interviewed after medical history and examination; finally, 278 nonsmoking plastic industry workers were selected. The mean age for the participants was 38.03 ± 10.86 years and body mass index was 25.52 ± 3.15 (kg/m)2. The plastic industry workers had been exposed to plastic plant pollution for 8 hr daily, 6 days ...


Giant Bilateral Adrenal Myelolipomas In Two Chinese Families With Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, Qiuli Liu, Lin-Ang Wang, Jian Su, Dali Tong, Weihua Lan, Luofu Wang, Gaolei Liu, Jun Zhang, Victor Wei Zhang, Dianzheng Zhang, Rongrong Chen, Qingyi Zhu, Jun Jiang 2018 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Giant Bilateral Adrenal Myelolipomas In Two Chinese Families With Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, Qiuli Liu, Lin-Ang Wang, Jian Su, Dali Tong, Weihua Lan, Luofu Wang, Gaolei Liu, Jun Zhang, Victor Wei Zhang, Dianzheng Zhang, Rongrong Chen, Qingyi Zhu, Jun Jiang

PCOM Scholarly Papers

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVES: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is one of the most prevalent, and potentially severe, genetic inborn errors of steroid synthesis directly affecting metabolism. Most patients are diagnosed and treated at an early age. There have been very limited reports of adults with CAH-associated adrenal myelolipomas. We aimed to analyze two families with CAH-associated giant adrenal myelolipomas caused by defects in CYP21A2 and CYP17A1 genes.

PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A total of 14 individuals from two unrelated families were identified with either CYP21A2 or CYP17A1 mutations. Of note, 5 patients were found with adrenal myelolipomas. Total DNA isolated from the ...


A Novel Fibroblast Growth Factor 1 Variant Reverses Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease In Type 2 Diabetes., Qian Lin 2018 University of Louisville

A Novel Fibroblast Growth Factor 1 Variant Reverses Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease In Type 2 Diabetes., Qian Lin

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disorder and is strongly associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Our recently engineered FGF1 partial agonist, carrying triple mutations (FGF1HBS) exhibits greatly reduced proliferative potential, while preserving the full metabolic activity of wild-type FGF1. This study tests the preventive and therapeutic effects of FGF1HBS on NAFLD in db/db T2D and explores potential mechanisms. The results showed that administration of FGF1HBS to 2-month-old db/db mice for 2 months constantly lowered blood glucose levels, improved insulin sensitivity, and lowered liver weight, lipid deposition, and inflammation, along ...


Anril: A Lncrna At The Cdkn2a/B Locus With Roles In Cancer And Metabolic Disease, Yahui Kong, Chih-Heng Hsieh, Laura C. Alonso 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Anril: A Lncrna At The Cdkn2a/B Locus With Roles In Cancer And Metabolic Disease, Yahui Kong, Chih-Heng Hsieh, Laura C. Alonso

Open Access Articles

The CDKN2A/B genomic locus is associated with risk of human cancers and metabolic disease. Although the locus contains several important protein-coding genes, studies suggest disease roles for a lesser-known antisense lncRNA encoded at this locus, called ANRIL. ANRIL is a complex gene containing at least 21 exons in simians, with many reported linear and circular isoforms. Like other genes, abundance of ANRIL is regulated by epigenetics, classic transcription regulation, splicing, and post-transcriptional influences such as RNA stability and microRNAs. Known molecular functions of ANRIL include in cis and in trans gene regulation through chromatin modification complexes, and influence over ...


Children With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced A Honeymoon Phase Had Significantly Lower Ldl Cholesterol 5 Years After Diagnosis, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Bo Zhang, Sanaa S. Ayyoub, Stephanie Choi, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Laura C. Alonso, Bruce A. Barton 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Children With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced A Honeymoon Phase Had Significantly Lower Ldl Cholesterol 5 Years After Diagnosis, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Bo Zhang, Sanaa S. Ayyoub, Stephanie Choi, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Laura C. Alonso, Bruce A. Barton

Benjamin U. Nwosu

IMPORTANCE: Landmark studies showed that partial clinical remission in new-onset type 1 diabetes is associated with reduced prevalence of long-term complications, but early clinical indicators of this favorable outcome are poorly characterized.

AIM: To determine if there were any differences in lipid parameters, especially LDL-cholesterol, between remitters and non-remitters 4 to 5 years after the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes after controlling for hemoglobin A1c, body mass index, and pubertal status.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A longitudinal retrospective cohort study of 123 subjects of mean age 11.9 +/- 2.9 years, [male 11.7 +/- 2.9 years, (n = 55); female 12 ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress