Impact Of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms On Hpa Axis Functionality In Depression, Claire Kelly
The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis plays a primary role in stress response through the regulated secretion of the glucocorticoid hormone cortisol. Diseases of cortisol dysregulation such as Cushing’s syndrome (hypercortisolemia) and Addison’s Disease (hypocortisolemia) are both associated with depression. Based on this we, and others, have hypothesized that mutations in the genes for the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), the closely related mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), and regulatory proteins associated with cortisol or GR function may contribute to depression in the absence of hyper- or hypo-cortisolemia. Our study investigated the genotypic frequency in the clinical population of several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs ...
Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender
Student Theses 2015-Present
This paper aims to shed light on the dissonance caused by the superimposition of Dominant Human Systems on Natural Systems. I highlight the synthetic nature of Dominant Human Systems as egoic and linguistic phenomenon manufactured by a mere portion of the human population, which renders them inherently oppressive unto peoples and landscapes whose wisdom were barred from the design process. In pursuing a radical pragmatic approach to mending the simultaneous oppression and destruction of the human being and the earth, I highlight the necessity of minimizing entropic chaos caused by excess energy expenditure, an essential feature of systems that aim ...
Children With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced A Honeymoon Phase Had Significantly Lower Ldl Cholesterol 5 Years After Diagnosis, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Children With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced A Honeymoon Phase Had Significantly Lower Ldl Cholesterol 5 Years After Diagnosis, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Bo Zhang, Sanaa S. Ayyoub, Stephanie Choi, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Laura C. Alonso, Bruce A. Barton
Pediatric Publications and Presentations
IMPORTANCE: Landmark studies showed that partial clinical remission in new-onset type 1 diabetes is associated with reduced prevalence of long-term complications, but early clinical indicators of this favorable outcome are poorly characterized.
AIM: To determine if there were any differences in lipid parameters, especially LDL-cholesterol, between remitters and non-remitters 4 to 5 years after the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes after controlling for hemoglobin A1c, body mass index, and pubertal status.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A longitudinal retrospective cohort study of 123 subjects of mean age 11.9 +/- 2.9 years, [male 11.7 +/- 2.9 years, (n = 55); female 12 ...
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, 2018 University of Wyoming
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Carson Hutchinson
Honors Theses AY 17/18
This paper reviews what gestational diabetes mellitus is; it’s pathophysiology, epidemiology, risks, effects, clinical characteristics, screenings, diagnostics, treatment, and recommended follow up. Gestational diabetes mellitus rate has doubled during the last 20 years in the United States. There is currently only one FDA approved medication (insulin) for gestational diabetes mellitus; however there are a couple anti-hyperglycemic agents that are used off label for this disease. This paper looks at their efficacy and safety of such medications; metformin and glyburide. Current guidelines, clinical trials, retrospective studies, systematic reviews, and case reports were used to assess gestational diabetes and management. This ...
Therapeutic Clientship Of Diabetes Clubs: Engagement In Chronic Disease Management Programs In Guatemala’S Western Highlands, 2018 University of Pennsylvania
Therapeutic Clientship Of Diabetes Clubs: Engagement In Chronic Disease Management Programs In Guatemala’S Western Highlands, Arnav Shah
Anthropology Senior Theses
The increasing global mortality and morbidity of chronic disease signals that a major epidemiological shift is underway in more-economically developed and less-economically developed countries. This epidemiological transition is especially salient in the Western Highlands of Guatemala as the prevalence of type 2 diabetes has risen steeply and poses great challenges for health practitioners and the public health system. This thesis is based from ten weeks of ethnographic fieldwork that I conducted in region surrounding Lake Atitlán. Collected through participant observation and semi-structured interviews, the data this thesis analyses attempts to examine the nature of and motivations for engagement in a ...
The Synergistic Effects Of Saxagliptin And Metformin On Cd34+ Endothelial Progenitor Cells In Early Type 2 Diabetes Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial., Fiona J Dore, Cleyton C Domingues, Neeki Ahmadi, Nabanita Kundu, Yana Kropotova, Sara Houston, Carol Rouphael, Aytan Mammadova, Linda Witkin, Anamil Khiyami, Richard L Amdur, Sabyasachi Sen
Surgery Faculty Publications
AIMS: Type 2 diabetes is associated with endothelial dysfunction leading to cardiovascular disease. CD34+ endothelial Progenitor Cells (EPCs) are responsible for endothelial repair and neo-angiogenesis and can be used as a cardiovascular disease risk biomarker. This study investigated whether the addition of saxagliptin, a DPP-IV inhibitor, to metformin, may reduce cardiovascular disease risk in addition to improving glycemic control in Type 2 diabetes patients.
METHODS: In 12 week, double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial, 42 subjects already taking metformin 1-2 grams/day were randomized to placebo or saxagliptin 5 mg. Subjects aged 40-70 years with diabetes for < 10 years, with no known cardiovascular disease, BMI 25-39.9, HbA1C 6-9% were included. We evaluated EPCs number, function, surface markers and gene expression, in addition to arterial stiffness, blood biochemistries, resting energy expenditure, and body composition parameters. A mixed model regression to examine saxagliptin vs placebo, accounting for within-subject autocorrelation, was done with SAS (p < 0.05).
RESULTS: Although there was no ...10>
Oxidative Stress And Cardiovascular Risk In Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: Insights From The Dcct/Edic Study, 2018 George Washington University
Oxidative Stress And Cardiovascular Risk In Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: Insights From The Dcct/Edic Study, W. Wilson Tang, P. Mcgee, John M. Lachin, D. Li, B. Hoogwerf, S. Hazen, +Several Additional Authors
Epidemiology and Biostatistics Faculty Publications
Background--Hyperglycemia leading to increased oxidative stress is implicated in the increased risk for the development of macrovascular and microvascular complications in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Methods and Results--A random subcohort of 349 participants was selected from the DCCT/EDIC (Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications) cohort. This included 320 controls and 29 cardiovascular disease cases that were augmented with 98 additional known cases to yield a case cohort of 447 participants (320 controls, 127 cases). Biosamples from DCCT baseline, year 1, and closeout of DCCT, and 1 to 2 years post-DCCT (EDIC years ...
Cystic Fibrosis-Related Diabetes Is Caused By Islet Loss And Inflammation, 2018 Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Cystic Fibrosis-Related Diabetes Is Caused By Islet Loss And Inflammation, Nathaniel J. Hart, Jenny Aurielle B. Babon, Megan E. Denicola, Sally C. Kent, Alvin C. Powers
Open Access Articles
Cystic fibrosis-related (CF-related) diabetes (CFRD) is an increasingly common and devastating comorbidity of CF, affecting approximately 35% of adults with CF. However, the underlying causes of CFRD are unclear. Here, we examined cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) islet expression and whether the CFTR participates in islet endocrine cell function using murine models of beta cell CFTR deletion and normal and CF human pancreas and islets. Specific deletion of CFTR from murine beta cells did not affect beta cell function. In human islets, CFTR mRNA was minimally expressed, and CFTR protein and electrical activity were not detected. Isolated CF/CFRD ...
Disparities In Diabetes Rates And Quality Of Care Within Immigrants In The Usa, 2018 George Washington University
Disparities In Diabetes Rates And Quality Of Care Within Immigrants In The Usa, Anyun Chatterjee, Martin Blanco, George Gray
GW Research Days 2016 - Present
Immigrants to the USA present an interesting opportunity to test the classical public health question of the impact of place on a health outcome. Diabetes is a prevalent disease in the USA which is slated to rise in rate in the future. Currently, 9.4% of the country is diabetic, and another 28% of the country is prediabetic. We posed the question - is this impact felt disproportionately by immigrants as they live in the US for a decade or more? Our preliminary literature search indicated that this has not been studied extensively, although the impact of American fast food on ...
Effects Of A Formal Educational Class On The Quality Of Life In Patients Diagnosed With Hypothyroidism, 2018 George Washington University
Effects Of A Formal Educational Class On The Quality Of Life In Patients Diagnosed With Hypothyroidism, Tahimina Popal, Dnp, Bsn, Msn, Fnp-C
Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects
Background: Hypothyroidism is a chronic disease that requires self-care skills such as healthy diet, exercise, and a daily medication regimen where timing of food intake is essential. Adequate education is essential for patients with hypothyroidism to be able to manage their disease, and to live with the best quality of life possible. Many studies have been conducted to assess the perceived health status of patients with hypothyroidism, but few have examined the effects of a formal educational program on the quality of life.
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to determine if a formal hypothyroidism educational class will improve ...
Effects Of An Online Diabetes Self-Management Educational Class On Perceived Self-Efficacy In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, 2018 George Washington University
Effects Of An Online Diabetes Self-Management Educational Class On Perceived Self-Efficacy In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Samantha L. Sugarman, Dnp, Ba, Bsn, Msn, Fnp-C
Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects
Background: Diabetes is a complex, chronic disease that, without adequate glycemic control, may result in avoidable complications. Without proper diabetes self-management education, achieving good glycemic control is difficult. Furthermore, lacking self-efficacy to perform such tasks may prevent even the most educated patients from achieving good glycemic control. Studies have shown that live diabetes education has improved self-efficacy in patients with diabetes, but few look at the effects of a lecture-style educational format in an online approach.
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to determine if an online, lecture-style diabetes self-management educational class will improve self-efficacy among patients with type ...
Pediatric Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus: Examining The Upward Trend, 2018 Liberty University
Pediatric Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus: Examining The Upward Trend, Allison Foering
Senior Honors Theses
In recent years, there has been a significant increase in pediatric onset of type II diabetes. This paper will examine elements contributing to this trend. Type II diabetes will be discussed, including related pathophysiology, manifestations, diagnosis, and complications, with differentiation between adult and pediatric onset. Possible prevention and treatment methods appropriate for pediatric patients will also be discussed, along with possible outcomes in pediatric patients that could result from this disease. Overall, this paper will provide insight on the causes of this growing trend, and ways to improve the risks imposed on pediatric patients.
Androgenic Alopecia; The Risk–Benefit Ratio Of Finasteride, 2018 Valparaiso University, Department of Psychology, Valparaiso
Androgenic Alopecia; The Risk–Benefit Ratio Of Finasteride, David L. Rowland, Ion G. Motofei, Ioana Păunică, Petrișor Banu, Mihaela F. Nistor, Stana Păunică, Vlad D. Constantin
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Finasteride is currently approved and largely used as a therapeutic option for androgenetic alopecia. Apparently a safe drug and effective at the onset of its application, several concerns have since appeared over the years regarding the frequency and magnitude of finasteride adverse effects, which in some cases appear irreversible even after drug termination.
This paper discusses the use of finasteride for androgenic alopecia from two distinct perspectives. On the one hand, androgenic alopecia is a condition that especially affects a person’s self-image and esteem, aspects that are subjectively-constructed and thus relative and changeable. On the other hand, this condition ...
Prevalence Of Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension, And Dyslipidemia In Student-Run Screening Clinics For Rural Communities In The Sierra Norte Of Puebla, Mexico, 2018 University of Minnesota - Duluth
Prevalence Of Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension, And Dyslipidemia In Student-Run Screening Clinics For Rural Communities In The Sierra Norte Of Puebla, Mexico, Sean Navin, Daniel M. Tomaszewski
Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research
Background: The growing prevalence of hypertension (HTN), diabetes mellitus (DM), and in Mexico highlights the need for preventative health care services. Rural communities worldwide lack access to such services. The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of HTN, DM, and dyslipidemia in student-run screening clinics in rural communities of the Sierra Norte of Puebla, Mexico to better understand the role the clinics play for the patients served.
Methods: Data were collected from patients from rural, Mexican towns participating in free pharmacy student-run screening clinics. Patients consented to have their de-identified information pooled for re-search. Screenings included blood ...
Alpha Cell Function And Gene Expression Are Compromised In Type 1 Diabetes, 2018 Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Alpha Cell Function And Gene Expression Are Compromised In Type 1 Diabetes, Marcela Brissova, David Blodgett, Dale L. Greiner, David M. Harlan, Alvin C. Powers
Open Access Articles
Many patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) have residual beta cells producing small amounts of C-peptide long after disease onset but develop an inadequate glucagon response to hypoglycemia following T1D diagnosis. The features of these residual beta cells and alpha cells in the islet endocrine compartment are largely unknown, due to the difficulty of comprehensive investigation. By studying the T1D pancreas and isolated islets, we show that remnant beta cells appeared to maintain several aspects of regulated insulin secretion. However, the function of T1D alpha cells was markedly reduced, and these cells had alterations in transcription factors constituting alpha and ...
Diabetes Disparities In African Americans: A Cry For Help To Primary Care Providers, 2018 University of North Carolina in Greensboro
Diabetes Disparities In African Americans: A Cry For Help To Primary Care Providers, Pandora Goode
Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Diabetes is a national public health problem. Low socioeconomic status influence access to quality care for African Americans with Diabetes who must rely on government assisted insurance or are uninsured. Inadequate access and poor quality care for African Americans contributes to increased morbidity and negative health outcomes. This manuscript will examine the existence of diabetes disparities in African Americans pertaining to the role of low socioeconomic status, access, and poor quality care, and suggest some practical strategies for reducing diabetes disparities in this population.
Data From: Children With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced A Honeymoon Phase Had Significantly Lower Ldl Cholesterol 5 Years After Diagnosis, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Data From: Children With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced A Honeymoon Phase Had Significantly Lower Ldl Cholesterol 5 Years After Diagnosis, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Bo Zhang, Sanaa S. Ayyoub, Stephanie Choi, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Laura C. Alonso, Bruce A. Barton
Pediatric Research Data
Importance: Landmark studies showed that partial clinical remission in new-onset type 1 diabetes is associated with reduced prevalence of long-term complications, but early clinical indicators of this favorable outcome are poorly characterized.
Aim: To determine if there were any differences in lipid parameters, especially LDL-cholesterol, between remitters and non-remitters 4 to 5 years after the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes after controlling for hemoglobin A1c, body mass index, and pubertal status.
Subjects and Methods: A longitudinal retrospective cohort study of 123 subjects of mean age 11.9 ± 2.9 years, [male 11.7 ± 2.9 years, (n=55 ...
A1c - Spanish, 2018 Pacific University
A1c - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas
Diabetes Education Tools
This low literacy A1C patient education tool explains the test and illustrates healthy levels for diabetic patients. (Spanish)
A1c - English, 2018 Pacific University
A1c - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas
Diabetes Education Tools
This low literacy A1C patient education resource explains what this test means and illustrates healthy levels for people with diabetes.
Blood Glucose, Blood Pressure & Exercise Goals For Diabetics - Spanish, 2018 Pacific University
Blood Glucose, Blood Pressure & Exercise Goals For Diabetics - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas
Diabetes Education Tools
One page handout for diabetics illustrating blood glucose, blood pressure and exercise goals. (Spanish)