Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Male Urogenital Diseases Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

124 Full-Text Articles 391 Authors 22,809 Downloads 38 Institutions

All Articles in Male Urogenital Diseases

Faceted Search

124 full-text articles. Page 1 of 6.

Mixture Models For Interval Censored Outcomes, Yibai Zhao 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Mixture Models For Interval Censored Outcomes, Yibai Zhao

Doctoral Dissertations

Silent events such as the first detectable HIV infection, the onset of Type 2 diabetes and prostate cancer progression are often ascertained by diagnostic tests and/or self-reports that are scheduled periodically. In such applications, we only observe the time to the event of interest to lie between the times of last negative and the first positive tests, resulting in interval-censored observations. In addition, in some medical studies, a substantial proportion of participants may experience the events before the study, so-called prevalent cases, or participants may never experience the event, that is regarded as non-susceptible cases (or indolent cancer or ...


Effect Of Nicotine On Immune Suppression And Prostate Cancer Pathogenesis, Sirin Saranyutanon 2022 University of South Alabama

Effect Of Nicotine On Immune Suppression And Prostate Cancer Pathogenesis, Sirin Saranyutanon

Theses and Dissertations

Tobacco or cigarette smoking is the leading cause of several diseases, including cancer, in the United States and worldwide. Epidemiological data provide strong evidence for an association of nicotine with prostate cancer risk and recurrence, but experimental data is largely lacking. Nicotine is an addictive ingredient of tobacco products and other alternatives, however, its role in prostate tumor biology has not been explored. Further, while a role of smoking in immunosuppression has been demonstrated, the effect of nicotine on immune function is largely unknown. We hypothesized that nicotine suppresses immune function by promoting alternative polarization of macrophages and promotes prostate ...


Creating A Guideline For Sti Testing In The Pediatric Population, Alexandria Molaro, Alexandra Evans, Alex Niebrugge 2022 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

Creating A Guideline For Sti Testing In The Pediatric Population, Alexandria Molaro, Alexandra Evans, Alex Niebrugge

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention, education, screening, and management in pediatric primary care settings are of importance due to the increasing number of cases yearly. Almost half of the 26 million new STIs that occurred in 2018 were among young people 15-24. An opportunity existed in a rural pediatric primary clinic, for improved adherence to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) or American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations to screen/test patients. An evidence-based project (EBP) was developed to address this concern. Project objectives included: developing STI screening guidelines for pre-teen to young adults, developing a screening algorithm, providing ...


Case Report: Segmental Testicular Infarction, Nicholas Coan, Ronald Clearie, Amanda Maciag, Joseph Pagano, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Neelesh Parikh 2022 Rowan University

Case Report: Segmental Testicular Infarction, Nicholas Coan, Ronald Clearie, Amanda Maciag, Joseph Pagano, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Neelesh Parikh

Stratford Campus Research Day

We report a case of a 45-year-old male who presented to the Emergency Department with acute onset left testicular pain and was diagnosed with left sided segmental testicular infarction. The differential diagnosis of acute onset testicular/scrotal pain can include critical urological diagnoses such as testicular torsion and testicular tumors. In the absence of global flow disruption on ultrasound Doppler, emergent surgical intervention is not needed. While ultrasound aids in the Emergency Department’s management of acute testicular pain, it does not rule out the need for an additional outpatient work-up or imaging. Conservative management with pain control, outpatient scrotal ...


Incidental Finding Of Unusually Large Renal Cyst During Point Of Care Ultrasound, David Ho, Jeffrey Gardecki 2022 Rowan University

Incidental Finding Of Unusually Large Renal Cyst During Point Of Care Ultrasound, David Ho, Jeffrey Gardecki

Stratford Campus Research Day

Renal cysts are common, and their frequency and size increase as patients age. Renal cysts are derived primarily from tubules and can occur anywhere between Bowman’s capsule to the renal papilla. The cysts are composed of abnormally differentiated epithelial cells encapsulating a cavity of fluid. These abnormally differentiated cells are due to defects in the structure and function of cilia, the structures responsible for detecting urine flow as well as the epithelial composition of the epithelial architecture and repair. According to Campbell Urology, there are three processes in which renal cysts increase in their size – proliferation of epithelial cells ...


Factors And Outcomes Contributing To Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection In Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer, Young Son, Brian Thomas, Lance Earnshaw, Mark Quiring, Erica Martel, Benjamin Fink, Raeann Dalton, Thomas Mueller, Philip Dorsey 2022 Rowan University

Factors And Outcomes Contributing To Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection In Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer, Young Son, Brian Thomas, Lance Earnshaw, Mark Quiring, Erica Martel, Benjamin Fink, Raeann Dalton, Thomas Mueller, Philip Dorsey

Stratford Campus Research Day

Bladder cancer represents the 6th most common for men and is classified into muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) and non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). NMIBC (T1, Ta, Tis), accounting for approximately 75% of new bladder cancer diagnoses, is limited to the mucosa, submucosa, and lamina propria. Studies have approximated the rate of recurrence in NMIBC between 50 - 70%, which sometimes progresses to muscle invasive disease. Management of NMIBC ranges from surveillance, intravesical chemotherapy to radical cystectomy (RC) and is dependent upon the TNM staging and grading of the tumor. Clinically, staging is determined via imaging, physical exam, and histology on transurethral resection ...


Human Papillomavirus-Associated Anal Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions In Men Who Have Sex With Men And Transgender Women Living With And Without Hiv In Karachi Pakistan: Implications For Screening And Prevention, Muslima Ejaz, Muhammad Mubarak, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Sören Andersson, Anna Mia Ekström 2021 Aga Khan University

Human Papillomavirus-Associated Anal Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions In Men Who Have Sex With Men And Transgender Women Living With And Without Hiv In Karachi Pakistan: Implications For Screening And Prevention, Muslima Ejaz, Muhammad Mubarak, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Sören Andersson, Anna Mia Ekström

Community Health Sciences

Background: Anal squamous intraepithelial lesions (ASIL), strongly related to human papilloma virus (HPV) infection, is more prevalent among men who have sex with men (MSM). However, no such data are available for Pakistan yet, and neither HPV vaccination nor anal-cytology screening is implemented in Pakistan. The purpose of this first ever study was to assess the prevalence of HPV-related anal cytological abnormalities among MSM and transgender women living with and without HIV infection in Pakistan.
Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study from March 2016 to November 2017 at sexual health centers run by the Perwaaz Trust and the National AIDS ...


Anal Human Papillomavirus Infection Among Men Who Have Sex With Men And Transgender Women Living With And Without Hiv In Pakistan: Findings From A Cross-Sectional Study, Muslima Ejaz, Soren Andersson, Salma Batool, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Anna Mia Ekström 2021 Aga Khan University

Anal Human Papillomavirus Infection Among Men Who Have Sex With Men And Transgender Women Living With And Without Hiv In Pakistan: Findings From A Cross-Sectional Study, Muslima Ejaz, Soren Andersson, Salma Batool, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Anna Mia Ekström

Community Health Sciences

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of infection, genotypes and risk factors for human papillomavirus (HPV) among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women living with and without HIV in Pakistan. Anal infection with HPV is very common worldwide among MSM, particularly among MSM living with HIV. The high prevalence of HIV among MSM and male-to-female transgendered individuals in Pakistan is a significant health concern since access to screening and health-seeking is often delayed in this stigmatised key population.
Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted between March 2016 and November 2017.
Participants ...


Review Of Sexual Health Issues Linked With Cardiovascular Disease And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Males, Veronica Collins, Tamara J. Swann, Jane Burns, Tim Moss, Mick Adams 2021 Healthy Male; Monash University

Review Of Sexual Health Issues Linked With Cardiovascular Disease And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Males, Veronica Collins, Tamara J. Swann, Jane Burns, Tim Moss, Mick Adams

Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin

There are well established links between male sexual health conditions and chronic disease, particularly cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Erectile dysfunction (ED) and low testosterone are two sexual health conditions that are relatively common among the wider male population. However, there is a lack of data specifically about these sexual problems among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males.

One of the most important findings of research regarding the links between sexual health and chronic disease is that ED can be a risk marker for future CVD or undiagnosed T2DM. Understanding these links can lead to more holistic ...


Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma To Pancreas And Gastrointestinal Tract: A Clinicopathological Study Of 3 Cases And Review Of Literature, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Nasir Ud Din, Ramin Saadaat, Zubair Ahmad 2021 French Medical Institute for Mothers and Children (FMIC), Kabul, Afghanistan

Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma To Pancreas And Gastrointestinal Tract: A Clinicopathological Study Of 3 Cases And Review Of Literature, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Nasir Ud Din, Ramin Saadaat, Zubair Ahmad

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) metastasizes in approximately 20-30% cases. The most common sites for metastases are the lungs, bones, liver, and brain. Metastases of RCC in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) are very rare. Metastatic RCC has a poor prognosis. We herein present a case series of three patients with metastatic disease in the colon, duodenum, and pancreas following complete resection of RCC.
Methods: Hematoxylin and Eosin and immunohistochemical slides of 3 cases of RCC metastatic to GIT were reviewed. These cases were diagnosed between 2002 and 2019 at French Medical Institute for Mothers and Children (FMIC), Kabul, Afghanistan, and ...


Metastatic Adenocarcinoma Of The Prostate To The Brain Initially Diagnosed As Meningioma By Craniotomy: A Case Report, Julia T. Scali, Young Son, Paul Chialastri, Thomas Mueller 2021 Rowan University

Metastatic Adenocarcinoma Of The Prostate To The Brain Initially Diagnosed As Meningioma By Craniotomy: A Case Report, Julia T. Scali, Young Son, Paul Chialastri, Thomas Mueller

Stratford Campus Research Day

Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in men after lung cancer. The most common site of prostate metastasis is bone (84%), lymph node (10.6%), liver (10.2%), and thorax (9.1%), with 18.4% to multiple metastatic sites [1]. Prostate metastasis to the brain is rare, with less than 1% documented cases from M.D. Anderson Cancer Center [2]. It is estimated that 1%-6% of prostate cancer metastasis is found in post mortem examination [3]. Parenchymal brain metastasis has a mean survival of 9.2 months after discovery of brain metastasis [4]. Acute neurological ...


An Unusual Ed Case: Scrotal Edema From A Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm In A 58-Year-Old Male, Yevgeniy Polunin, Emily Nguyen, Bhumi Shah 2021 Rowan University

An Unusual Ed Case: Scrotal Edema From A Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm In A 58-Year-Old Male, Yevgeniy Polunin, Emily Nguyen, Bhumi Shah

Stratford Campus Research Day

Scrotal edema is not an uncommon presentation in emergency medicine. We describe the case of a 58-year-old male with no prior medical history who presented to the emergency department (ED) due to progressive scrotal edema. The patient noted increased painless testicular enlargement, dry cough, and dyspnea on exertion over the course of several weeks. Scrotal edema was evaluated by an Ultrasound (US), showing bilateral testicular edema with concern for congestive heart failure (CHF). Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPE) scan showed a large 6.51 cm thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA), cardiomegaly with dilated left sided chambers, and a small pericardial effusion ...


Retrospective Analysis Of Post-Operative Sepsis Rates, Stone Composition, And Ureteral Stent Duration After Ureteroscopy And Laser Lithotripsy During Covid-19, Young Son, Julia T. Scali, Ian Madison, Paul Chialastri, Thomas Mueller 2021 Rowan University

Retrospective Analysis Of Post-Operative Sepsis Rates, Stone Composition, And Ureteral Stent Duration After Ureteroscopy And Laser Lithotripsy During Covid-19, Young Son, Julia T. Scali, Ian Madison, Paul Chialastri, Thomas Mueller

Stratford Campus Research Day

Ureteroscopy with laser lithotripsy is routinely used to remove stones but results in manipulation of the genitourinary mucosa and has a well-established relationship with post-operative sepsis under certain conditions. Postoperative sepsis represents a significant morbidity and mortality cost to patients and the healthcare system. Several studies to determine risk factors for sepsis after ureteroscopy have been completed. Such risk factors include positive preoperative urine cultures, female gender, prolonged preoperative stent time > 1 month, and patients with sepsis at the time of initial stenting. To improve sepsis rates, procedural alterations such as the use of disposable ureteroscopes have been introduced, as ...


Acute Presentation Of Cocoon Abdomen As Septic Peritonitis Mimicking With Strangulated Internal Herniation: A Case Report, Sabah Uddin Saqib, Rimsha Farooq, Omair Saleem, Sarosh Moeen, Tabish Umer Chawla 2021 Aga Khan University

Acute Presentation Of Cocoon Abdomen As Septic Peritonitis Mimicking With Strangulated Internal Herniation: A Case Report, Sabah Uddin Saqib, Rimsha Farooq, Omair Saleem, Sarosh Moeen, Tabish Umer Chawla

Section of General Surgery

Background: Abdominal cocoon syndrome is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction in which loops of small bowel get entrapped inside a fibro-collagenous membrane. Condition is also known in the literature as sclerosing peritonitis and in the majority of cases, it has no known cause. Although the majority of patients exhibit long-standing signs and symptoms of partial bowel obstruction in an out-patient clinic, its acute presentation in the emergency room with features of sepsis is extremely rare. This case report aims to describe the emergency presentation of cocoon abdomen with septic peritonitis.
Case presentation: A 35-year-old male with no known co-morbidity ...


Non-Invasive Predictors Of Response To Tamsulosin For Benign Prostatic Obstruction, Mohammad Shoaib, Muhibullah Bangash, Wajahat Aziz, Hammad Ather 2021 Aga Khan University

Non-Invasive Predictors Of Response To Tamsulosin For Benign Prostatic Obstruction, Mohammad Shoaib, Muhibullah Bangash, Wajahat Aziz, Hammad Ather

Section of Urology

Objectives: To identify non-invasive predictors of response to tamsulosin 0.4 mg in patients with benign prostatic obstruction (BPO).
Methods: Males ≥ 50 years of age with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of BPO for over three months were included in the study. We assessed change in the mean International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and maximum flow rate (Qmax) after six weeks of medical therapy. Clinical and uroflowmetry parameters were compared between two groups of patients with >25% vs. <25% change in the IPSS after treatment. Pre- and post-treatment post-void residue (PVR), Qmax, and IPSS were compared by independent t-test, univariate/multivariate regression analysis.
Results: A total of 121 patients were included. At presentation, the mean prostate size was 35.7±12.2 grams and ...


Health Outcomes And Utilization Associated With Renal Diseases In Patients With Cancer In The United States, Mitisha Dedhia 2021 Virginia Commonwealth University

Health Outcomes And Utilization Associated With Renal Diseases In Patients With Cancer In The United States, Mitisha Dedhia

Theses and Dissertations

Background: Adverse events and impairments associated with cancer and its treatments causes worse outcomes. Increased incidence of renal diseases among cancer patients is of particular concern. Objective: To determine the risk factors for renal disease in cancer patients and compare healthcare costs, utilization and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of cancer patients with a renal disease and cancer patients without renal diseases. Methods: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey files from 2009 – 2018 for cancer patients was used for this study. Multiple logistic regression, generalized linear model, Poisson regression and multiple linear regression for analyses after adjusting for demographic, socioeconomic and clinical ...


Epigenetic Regulation Of Prostate Cancer, Ruixin Wang, Xiaoqi Liu 2020 University of Kentucky

Epigenetic Regulation Of Prostate Cancer, Ruixin Wang, Xiaoqi Liu

Toxicology and Cancer Biology Faculty Publications

Prostate cancer is (PCa) the second leading cause of cancer death in males in the United State, with 174,650 new cases and 31,620 deaths estimated in 2019. It has been documented that epigenetic deregulation such as histone modification and DNA methylation contributes to PCa initiation and progression. EZH2 (enhancer of zeste homolog 2), the catalytic subunit of the Polycomb Repressive Complex (PRC2) responsible for H3K27me3 and gene repression, has been identified as a promising target in PCa. In addition, overexpression of other epigenetic regulators such as DNA methyltransferases (DNMT) is also observed in PCa. These epigenetic regulators undergo ...


The Effect Of Mtor Inhibitor Rapamycin On A Dietary Drosophila Melanogaster Model Of Calcium Oxalate Nephrolithiasis, Michael T. Pignanelli 2020 The University of Western Ontario

The Effect Of Mtor Inhibitor Rapamycin On A Dietary Drosophila Melanogaster Model Of Calcium Oxalate Nephrolithiasis, Michael T. Pignanelli

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Impaired cellular tolerance of reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been suggested as a common mechanistic link associated with aging in both metabolic syndrome and nephrolithiasis. The mechanistic (mammalian) target of rapamycin (mTOR) activity is characteristic of metabolic syndrome. When nutrients are abundant, mTOR is active. Conversely, fasting inhibits mTOR. Metabolic syndrome is correlated with an increased risk of self-reported or imaging findings of nephrolithiasis. At the individual level, patients with a higher BMI have an increased prevalence of recurrent symptomatic nephrolithiasis, 24-hour urinary excretion of oxalate, sodium, uric acid, calcium, and phosphorous as well as lower pH. Calcium oxalate crystals ...


Effect Of Hyperprolactinemia On Male Fertility, Ghazi Tadmori, Najwa Fakhal, Marwan Halabi 2020 Jinan University

Effect Of Hyperprolactinemia On Male Fertility, Ghazi Tadmori, Najwa Fakhal, Marwan Halabi

Al Jinan الجنان

This study aims at the investigation of the effect of prolactinemia on male fertility. The study group included 30 males with infertility problems and accompanied with high prolactin hormone levels in the blood. Hormone and seminal fluid analyses were performed before and after treatments with Cabergoline (DostinexTM), and results were comparable to those observed in a control group consisting of 14 healthy males. Results have shown that the increase in prolactin levels led to flaws in sexual hormone concentrations and to a decrease in sperm count and mobility compared to the control group. For this purpose, two groups were tested ...


Urdu Translation And Validation Of Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (Pedt), Muhibullah Bangash, Wajahat Aziz, Mohammad Shoaib, Hammad Ather 2020 Aga Khan University

Urdu Translation And Validation Of Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (Pedt), Muhibullah Bangash, Wajahat Aziz, Mohammad Shoaib, Hammad Ather

Section of Urology

Objective: To validate an Urdu translation of premature ejaculation diagnostic tool (PEDT) by analyzing the association of this diagnostic tool with the clinical diagnosis of premature ejaculation (PE) and intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT).
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the urology section of the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, for six months duration, from July 2018 to December 2018. In our study 108 subjects, aged 20 to 50 years, who were in a stable sexual relationship (heterosexual) for a minimum duration of six months, were asked to fill the Urdu version of PEDT, 61 with PE and 47 ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress