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Neuroblastoma In Adolescents And Children Older Than 10 Years: Unusual Clinicopathologic And Biologic Features, Laura McCarthy, Katherine Chastain, Terrie Flatt, Eugenio Taboada, Robert E. Garola, John Herriges, Linda D. Cooley, Atif Ahmed 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital

Neuroblastoma In Adolescents And Children Older Than 10 Years: Unusual Clinicopathologic And Biologic Features, Laura Mccarthy, Katherine Chastain, Terrie Flatt, Eugenio Taboada, Robert E. Garola, John Herriges, Linda D. Cooley, Atif Ahmed

Posters

This poster describes four cases of neuroblastoma diagnosed since 2008 in children greater than 10 years and presents their clinical, histologic and biologic features, emphasizing unusual clinicopathologic characteristics and the role of DNA microarray analysis and Next Generation Sequencing in their management.


Mutant P53 Depletion By Natural Compounds, Mohamed A.A. Alalem, Sana Farooki, Tomoo Iwakuma 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital

Mutant P53 Depletion By Natural Compounds, Mohamed A.A. Alalem, Sana Farooki, Tomoo Iwakuma

Presentations

The goal of this research project is to identify and characterize potentially novel antineoplastic agents that could specifically degrade conformational mutP53 protein in cancer cells. We concluded that treatment of cancer cells with curcumin or PLINH compounds inhibit proliferation of cancer cells in a DNAJA1-misfolded mutp5-dependent manner. Delineation of the exact mechanism through which curcumin and PLINH exert their anti-cancer effects could pave the way for promising novel preventive and therapeutic modalities for cancer.


Gracilis Myocutaneous Flap For Perineal Defect Reconstruction After Left Hemivulvectomy For Locally Invasive Vulvar Cancer – A Case Report And A Literature Review, Nicolae Bacalbasa, Irina Balescu, Andreea Mereuta, Alina Tanase, Adriana Ghelmene, Mihaela Vilcu, Iulian Brezean 2019 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania

Gracilis Myocutaneous Flap For Perineal Defect Reconstruction After Left Hemivulvectomy For Locally Invasive Vulvar Cancer – A Case Report And A Literature Review, Nicolae Bacalbasa, Irina Balescu, Andreea Mereuta, Alina Tanase, Adriana Ghelmene, Mihaela Vilcu, Iulian Brezean

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Performing radical surgery for locally advanced vulvar cancer is usually associated with the occurrence of large perineal defects. In order to provide a better healing process of the perineal wound, different reconstructive techniques have been proposed.

We present the case of a 63-year-old female patient diagnosed with locally advanced vulvar cancer for which a left hemivulvectomy with bilateral inguinal lymph node dissection was performed. After completion of the resection phase, the reconstruction with gracilis myocutaneous flap was performed. The patient developed a non-union of the flap. However, it slowly healed without any surgical re-intervention.

Gracilis myocutaneous flap seems to be ...


Stereotactic Radiosurgery With Concurrent Lapatinib Is Associated With Improved Local Control For Her2-Positive Breast Cancer Brain Metastases, Rupesh Kotecha 2019 Baptist Health Medical Group; Miami Cancer Institute

Stereotactic Radiosurgery With Concurrent Lapatinib Is Associated With Improved Local Control For Her2-Positive Breast Cancer Brain Metastases, Rupesh Kotecha

Rupesh Kotecha

No abstract provided.


Ten-Year Outcomes Of Moderately Hypofractionated (70 Gy In 28 Fractions) Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy For Localized Prostate Cancer, Rupesh Kotecha 2019 Baptist Health Medical Group; Miami Cancer Institute

Ten-Year Outcomes Of Moderately Hypofractionated (70 Gy In 28 Fractions) Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy For Localized Prostate Cancer, Rupesh Kotecha

Rupesh Kotecha

No abstract provided.


State Of The Art: The Evolving Role Of Rt In Combined Modality Therapy For Gbm, Minesh Mehta 2019 Baptist Health Medical Group; Miami Cancer Institute

State Of The Art: The Evolving Role Of Rt In Combined Modality Therapy For Gbm, Minesh Mehta

Minesh Mehta

No abstract provided.


Exploration Of Prostate Cancer Cells: The Significance Of Active Herv, Dakota Shepherd 2019 University of Lynchburg

Exploration Of Prostate Cancer Cells: The Significance Of Active Herv, Dakota Shepherd

Student Scholar Showcase

The second most common cancer in men is prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is traditionally diagnosed by a digital rectal exam. Blood tests can also be used to test for PSA (prostate-specific antigen). These two methods can be used together but can sometimes provide both false negative and false positive results. A new method of testing for prostate cancer could prove to be beneficial. Previous studies have shown that active HERV sequences have been identified in some cancers, including prostate cancer. We hypothesize that the presence of active HERV in prostate cancer lines is significant. In this study, rabbit polyclonal antibodies ...


Health Effects Of A Vegan Diet And Pediatric Cancer Prevention, Lindsay Wisehart 2019 Liberty University

Health Effects Of A Vegan Diet And Pediatric Cancer Prevention, Lindsay Wisehart

Senior Honors Theses

Veganism is a diet which excludes consumption of all animal products. With proper planning and vitamin supplementation to ensure adequate intake of protein, fat, calcium, zinc, iron, and vitamins D and B12, a vegan diet is widely accepted as suitable for growing and developing children. The decreased levels of dairy, red and processed meats, fat, and protein, and increased levels of fruits and vegetables characteristic of a vegan diet have been shown to reduce risk of mortality and a number of diseases including adult and childhood cancer. Childhood cancer is the second leading cause of childhood death in Western society ...


Vegf/Neuropilin Signaling In Cancer Stem Cells, Arthur M. Mercurio 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Vegf/Neuropilin Signaling In Cancer Stem Cells, Arthur M. Mercurio

Arthur M. Mercurio

The function of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in cancer extends beyond angiogenesis and vascular permeability. Specifically, VEGF-mediated signaling occurs in tumor cells and this signaling contributes to key aspects of tumorigenesis including the self-renewal and survival of cancer stem cells (CSCs). In addition to VEGF receptor tyrosine kinases, the neuropilins (NRPs) are critical for mediating the effects of VEGF on CSCs, primarily because of their ability to impact the function of growth factor receptors and integrins. VEGF/NRP signaling can regulate the expression and function of key molecules that have been implicated in CSC function including Rho family guanosine ...


Head And Neck Cancers, James Liebmann, Ali Akalin, Liana Puscas, Andrew Chen, Richard S. Pieters 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Head And Neck Cancers, James Liebmann, Ali Akalin, Liana Puscas, Andrew Chen, Richard S. Pieters

Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist

This chapter in Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist presents an overview of head and neck cancers, including epidemiology, etiology, screening, pathology, staging, and treatment. The chapter focuses on cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract which are most often squamous cell carcinomas arising from the squamous epithelium that lines the tract.


The Immune Cell Infiltrate Populating Meningiomas Is Composed Of Mature, Antigen-Experienced T And B Cells, L. Fang, D. E. Lowther, M. L. Meizlish, R. C. Anderson, J. N. Bruce, J. N. Stern, G. Yaari, L. Lovato, K. M. Cronk, K. C. O'Connor 2019 Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine

The Immune Cell Infiltrate Populating Meningiomas Is Composed Of Mature, Antigen-Experienced T And B Cells, L. Fang, D. E. Lowther, M. L. Meizlish, R. C. Anderson, J. N. Bruce, J. N. Stern, G. Yaari, L. Lovato, K. M. Cronk, K. C. O'Connor

Joel N.H. Stern

BACKGROUND: Meningiomas often harbor an immune cell infiltrate that can include substantial numbers of T and B cells. However, their phenotype and characteristics remain undefined. To gain a deeper understanding of the T and B cell repertoire in this tumor, we characterized the immune infiltrate of 28 resected meningiomas representing all grades. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was used to grossly characterize and enumerate infiltrating lymphocytes. A molecular analysis of the immunoglobulin variable region of tumor-infiltrating B cells was used to characterize their antigen experience. Flow cytometry of fresh tissue homogenate and paired peripheral blood lymphocytes was used to identify T cell phenotypes ...


No Woman Is An Island -- Access To Care And Extreme Measures For Cancer Pain And Lymphedema: A Case Report, Lauren M. Hall, Julia Reilly, Mathew J. Most, Jennifer Baima 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

No Woman Is An Island -- Access To Care And Extreme Measures For Cancer Pain And Lymphedema: A Case Report, Lauren M. Hall, Julia Reilly, Mathew J. Most, Jennifer Baima

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications and Presentations

Background: Cancer rehabilitation is a rapidly growing diverse field in physiatry. This case provides an example where rehabilitation physiatrists played a crucial role in the pain management, education, and rehabilitation before and after a palliative amputation. Due to her limited resources, both in her home country and in her local community, she could not access appropriate care that may have prevented the need for amputation. Though amputation is not generally accepted as the first line of treatment for pain, there have been several reports of palliative amputation in metastatic cancer patients. In particular, fore quarter amputations have been reported in ...


Diabetic Neuropathic Foot Without Neuropathy: Could It Be Cancer? - A Case Report, Jennifer Baima, Felix Santiago, Mathew J. Most 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Diabetic Neuropathic Foot Without Neuropathy: Could It Be Cancer? - A Case Report, Jennifer Baima, Felix Santiago, Mathew J. Most

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications and Presentations

We present a case of a 64 year-old diabetic male who presented with months of progressively worsening foot pain and swelling, who was initially diagnosed with Charcot joint disease.(CJD) He was ultimately found to have a very rare tumor.


Which Should Be Used First For Alk-Positive Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: Chemotherapy Or Targeted Therapy? A Meta-Analysis Of Five Randomized Trials, Yen-Chien Lee, Chung-Cheng Hsieh, Yen-Ling Lee, Chung-Yi Li 2019 National Cheng Kung University

Which Should Be Used First For Alk-Positive Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: Chemotherapy Or Targeted Therapy? A Meta-Analysis Of Five Randomized Trials, Yen-Chien Lee, Chung-Cheng Hsieh, Yen-Ling Lee, Chung-Yi Li

Open Access Articles

Background and objectives: Targeted therapy is widely used in the era of precision medicine. Whether the sequence in which targeted therapy and chemotherapy are performed matters, is however not known. We examined the impact of the sequential treatment of targeted therapy and chemotherapy among advanced anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients.

Materials and Methods: Randomized controlled trials comparing the use of ALK inhibitors with chemotherapy were included in this meta-analysis. We estimated the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) from a random effects model. Two-sided statistical ...


Coordinating An Oncology Precision Medicine Clinic Within An Integrated Health System: Lessons Learned In Year One, Michael A. Thompson, Jennifer J. Godden, Deborah Wham, Antony Ruggeri, Michael P. Mullane, Amanda Wilson, Shamsuddin Virani, Scott M. Weissman, Brenda Ramczyk, Pamela Vanderwall, James L. Weese 2019 Aurora Cancer Care, Aurora Research Institute, Aurora Health Care

Coordinating An Oncology Precision Medicine Clinic Within An Integrated Health System: Lessons Learned In Year One, Michael A. Thompson, Jennifer J. Godden, Deborah Wham, Antony Ruggeri, Michael P. Mullane, Amanda Wilson, Shamsuddin Virani, Scott M. Weissman, Brenda Ramczyk, Pamela Vanderwall, James L. Weese

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Precision medicine is a term describing strategies to promote health and prevent and treat disease based on an individual’s genetic, molecular, and lifestyle characteristics. Oncology precision medicine (OPM) is a cancer treatment approach targeting cancer-specific genetic and molecular alterations. Implementation of an OPM clinical program optimally involves the support and collaboration of multiple departments, including administration, medical oncology, pathology, interventional radiology, genetics, research, and informatics. In this review, we briefly introduce the published evidence regarding OPM’s potential effect on patient outcomes and discuss what we have learned over the first year of operating an OPM program within an ...


Microrna-29a Activates A Multi-Component Growth And Invasion Program In Glioblastoma, Yun Zhao, Wei Huang, Tae-Min Kim, Yuchae Jung, Lata G. Menon, Hongyan Xing, Hongwei Li, Rona S. Carroll, Peter J. Park, Hong Wei Yang, Mark D. Johnson 2019 Harvard Medical School

Microrna-29a Activates A Multi-Component Growth And Invasion Program In Glioblastoma, Yun Zhao, Wei Huang, Tae-Min Kim, Yuchae Jung, Lata G. Menon, Hongyan Xing, Hongwei Li, Rona S. Carroll, Peter J. Park, Hong Wei Yang, Mark D. Johnson

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma is a malignant brain tumor characterized by rapid growth, diffuse invasion and therapeutic resistance. We recently used microRNA expression profiles to subclassify glioblastoma into five genetically and clinically distinct subclasses, and showed that microRNAs both define and contribute to the phenotypes of these subclasses. Here we show that miR-29a activates a multi-faceted growth and invasion program that promotes glioblastoma aggressiveness.

METHODS: microRNA expression profiles from 197 glioblastomas were analyzed to identify the candidate miRNAs that are correlated to glioblastoma aggressiveness. The candidate miRNA, miR-29a, was further studied in vitro and in vivo.

RESULTS: Members of the miR-29 subfamily ...


Vegf/Neuropilin Signaling In Cancer Stem Cells, Arthur M. Mercurio 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Vegf/Neuropilin Signaling In Cancer Stem Cells, Arthur M. Mercurio

Open Access Articles

The function of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in cancer extends beyond angiogenesis and vascular permeability. Specifically, VEGF-mediated signaling occurs in tumor cells and this signaling contributes to key aspects of tumorigenesis including the self-renewal and survival of cancer stem cells (CSCs). In addition to VEGF receptor tyrosine kinases, the neuropilins (NRPs) are critical for mediating the effects of VEGF on CSCs, primarily because of their ability to impact the function of growth factor receptors and integrins. VEGF/NRP signaling can regulate the expression and function of key molecules that have been implicated in CSC function including Rho family guanosine ...


Senp3-Mediated Host Defense Response Contains Hbv Replication And Restores Protein Synthesis, Rui Xi, Botao Liu, Yan Han, Xiling Shen 2019 Duke University

Senp3-Mediated Host Defense Response Contains Hbv Replication And Restores Protein Synthesis, Rui Xi, Botao Liu, Yan Han, Xiling Shen

Open Access Articles

Certain organs are capable of containing the replication of various types of viruses. In the liver, infection of Hepatitis B virus (HBV), the etiological factor of Hepatitis B and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), often remains asymptomatic and leads to a chronic carrier state. Here we investigated how hepatocytes contain HBV replication and promote their own survival by orchestrating a translational defense mechanism via the stress-sensitive SUMO-2/3-specific peptidase SENP3. We found that SENP3 expression level decreased in HBV-infected hepatocytes in various models including HepG2-NTCP cell lines and a humanized mouse model. Downregulation of SENP3 reduced HBV replication and boosted host protein ...


Cancer Of The Esophagus, Rebecca M. Kwait, Richard S. Pieters, Madhavi Toke, Lauren E. Studey, Ali Akalin, Adib R. Karam, Geoffrey Graeber, Lacey J. McIntosh, Anupam Singh 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Cancer Of The Esophagus, Rebecca M. Kwait, Richard S. Pieters, Madhavi Toke, Lauren E. Studey, Ali Akalin, Adib R. Karam, Geoffrey Graeber, Lacey J. Mcintosh, Anupam Singh

Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist

This chapter in Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist presents an overview of esophageal cancer, including etiology, epidemiology, screening, pathology, staging, and treatment.


An In-Silico Quality Assurance Study Of Contouring Target Volumes In Thoracic Tumors Within A Cooperative Group Setting, Hesham Elhalawani, Thomas J. Fitzgerald, Fran Laurie, Kenneth Ulin, Roy Decker, Charles R. Thomas Jr., Clifton D. Fuller 2019 University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

An In-Silico Quality Assurance Study Of Contouring Target Volumes In Thoracic Tumors Within A Cooperative Group Setting, Hesham Elhalawani, Thomas J. Fitzgerald, Fran Laurie, Kenneth Ulin, Roy Decker, Charles R. Thomas Jr., Clifton D. Fuller

Open Access Articles

Introduction: Target delineation variability is a significant technical impediment in multi-institutional trials which employ intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), as there is a real potential for clinically meaningful variances that can impact the outcomes in clinical trials. The goal of this study is to determine the variability of target delineation among participants from different institutions as part of Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) Radiotherapy Committee's multi-institutional in-silico quality assurance study in patients with Pancoast tumors as a "dry run" for trial implementation.

Methods: CT simulation scans were acquired from four patients with Pancoast tumor. Two patients had simulation 4D-CT and FDG-FDG ...


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