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Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases Commons

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409 Full-Text Articles 1,019 Authors 64,837 Downloads 75 Institutions

All Articles in Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases

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409 full-text articles. Page 1 of 18.

Pkm2 Influences The Metabolic Fate Of Butyrate In Colorectal Cancer Cells, Megan Louise Pence 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Pkm2 Influences The Metabolic Fate Of Butyrate In Colorectal Cancer Cells, Megan Louise Pence

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Between Adult Caregiver Health Literacy And Child Body Mass Index Outcomes In A Childhood Obesity Intervention Program, Natalie Renee Cross 2018 The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Relationship Between Adult Caregiver Health Literacy And Child Body Mass Index Outcomes In A Childhood Obesity Intervention Program, Natalie Renee Cross

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Mitochondrial Nadp+-Dependent Isocitrate Dehydrogenase Deficiency On Fructose-Induced Obesity In Mice, Allison Michelle Montalbano, Kaleigh Elizabeth Beane 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Effects Of Mitochondrial Nadp+-Dependent Isocitrate Dehydrogenase Deficiency On Fructose-Induced Obesity In Mice, Allison Michelle Montalbano, Kaleigh Elizabeth Beane

Human Nutrition and Hospitality Innovation Undergraduate Honors Theses

Obesity prevalence in the United States continues to increase and is associated with health consequences such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis, and hyperlipidemia. Among many contributing factors to obesity, fructose may be one of the major reasons as it disrupts the antioxidant system thereby resulting in an accumulation of reactive oxidative species and leading to obese conditions. The enzyme, isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2), reduces nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate from the TCA Cycle, hence might be implicated with not only energy metabolism but also cellular redox homeostasis. Therefore, the hypothesis was that IDH2 deficiency in mice would exacerbate hepatic lipid ...


Characteristics Of Correctly Identified Pediatric Obesity And Overweight Status And Management In An Academic General Pediatric Clinic, Ana Morais, Joseph Kelly, James E. Bost, Susma Vaidya 2018 George Washington University

Characteristics Of Correctly Identified Pediatric Obesity And Overweight Status And Management In An Academic General Pediatric Clinic, Ana Morais, Joseph Kelly, James E. Bost, Susma Vaidya

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Objective: The goals of this study were to identify and characterize the rates of documentation and guideline-based management of overweight and obese children within an academic pediatric clinic.

Population/Methods: Overweight, obese, and severely obese children were identified from 7,422 well child visits in 2016 within a primary care clinic that cares for a primarily urban, minority (80% African American), and Medicaid (85%) population until the age of 12. During this 1-year study, there were 79 pediatric residents, 19 attending pediatricians, and 5 nurse practitioners who treated patients. Through a retrospective electronic medical record review, diagnosis and treatment including ...


Dietary Habits And Lifestyle In School-Aged Children From Bucharest, Romania, Anca Pantea Stoian, Liliana F. Andronache, Razvan Hainarosie, Dan N. Paduraru, Cristinel D. Badiu, Andreea Arsene, Claudia Mehedintu, Georgiana Ditu, Silviu M. Pituru, Cristina Orlov, Mihaela Oros, Cornelia Nitipir 2018 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Disease

Dietary Habits And Lifestyle In School-Aged Children From Bucharest, Romania, Anca Pantea Stoian, Liliana F. Andronache, Razvan Hainarosie, Dan N. Paduraru, Cristinel D. Badiu, Andreea Arsene, Claudia Mehedintu, Georgiana Ditu, Silviu M. Pituru, Cristina Orlov, Mihaela Oros, Cornelia Nitipir

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Background. This study evaluated the difference between boys and girls in terms of nutritional status, lifestyle, and dietary habits during school life.

Materials and Methods. A descriptive and observational study was conducted in 2016, in which 251 children, aged 7-17, from 3 elementary schools and a high school inBucharest,Romania, were evaluated. A questionnaire was used to assess food behavior, eating, and lifestyle habits.

Results. Boys had a significantly higher waist circumference (71.18±9) than girls (67.46±9.91) (p=0.004). Thus 27% of boys were overweight or obese compared with only 22% of the girls. Differences ...


Studies Of Amino Acid Mutations In Drug Resistance Of The Smo Protein, Eunice Wintona 2018 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Studies Of Amino Acid Mutations In Drug Resistance Of The Smo Protein, Eunice Wintona

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Smoothened receptor (SMO) is a protein that in humans, is encoded by the SMO gene. A systemic mutation in its binding pocket helps predict the sensitivity of mutant proteins to different drugs. Known as a GPCR-like receptor, it is a component of the hedgehog signaling pathway; a pathway involved in body patterning and the regulation of adult stem cells. An uncontrolled or inappropriate activation of the Hedgehog pathway drives tumor progression in cancers and a number of birth defects. To achieve these goals, the molecular modeling software MOE was used to build small molecules and drug molecules like Vismodegib and ...


Cerebral Organoids Derived From Sandhoff Disease-Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Exhibit Impaired Neurodifferentiation, Maria L. Allende, Emily K. Cook, Bridget C. Larman, Adrienne Nugent, Jacqueline M. Brady, Diane Golebiowski, Miguel Sena-Esteves, Cynthia J. Tifft, Richard L. Proia 2018 National Institutes of Health

Cerebral Organoids Derived From Sandhoff Disease-Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Exhibit Impaired Neurodifferentiation, Maria L. Allende, Emily K. Cook, Bridget C. Larman, Adrienne Nugent, Jacqueline M. Brady, Diane Golebiowski, Miguel Sena-Esteves, Cynthia J. Tifft, Richard L. Proia

Open Access Articles

Sandhoff disease, one of the GM2 gangliosidoses, is a lysosomal storage disorder characterized by the absence of beta-hexosaminidase A and B activity and the concomitant lysosomal accumulation of its substrate, GM2 ganglioside. It features catastrophic neurodegeneration and death in early childhood. How the lysosomal accumulation of ganglioside might affect the early development of the nervous system is not understood. Recently, cerebral organoids derived from induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells have illuminated early developmental events altered by disease processes. To develop an early neurodevelopmental model of Sandhoff disease, we first generated iPS cells from the fibroblasts of an infantile Sandhoff disease ...


Serum Tumour Necrosis Factor Alpha In Osteopenic And Osteoporotic Postmenopausal Females: A Cross-Sectional Study In Pakistan, Rafat Murad, Zahra Shezad, Saara Ahmed, Mussarat Ashraf, Murad Qadir, Rehana Rehman 2018 Bahria University Medical & Dental College

Serum Tumour Necrosis Factor Alpha In Osteopenic And Osteoporotic Postmenopausal Females: A Cross-Sectional Study In Pakistan, Rafat Murad, Zahra Shezad, Saara Ahmed, Mussarat Ashraf, Murad Qadir, Rehana Rehman

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Objective: To compare biochemical parameters serum tumour necrosis factor alpha, calcium, magnesium, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase and vitamin D in postmenopausal women.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out from June 2015 to July 2016 at Jinnah Medical and Dental College, Karachi, and comprised postmenopausal women. Bone mineral density done by dual energy X-ray absorptiometryscan categorised subjects by World Health Organisation classification into normal (T score > -1) osteopenic (T score between -1 and -2.5) and osteoporotic (T score < -2.5). Biochemical parameters like tumour necrosis alpha, calcium, magnesium, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase and vitamin D were measured by solid phase enzyme amplified sensitivity immunoassay method. SPSS 16 was used to analyse the data.
Results: Of the 146 women, 34(23%) were normal, 93(67%) were osteopenic and 19(13%) were osteoporotic. There was significant difference ...


Data From: Children With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced A Honeymoon Phase Had Significantly Lower Ldl Cholesterol 5 Years After Diagnosis, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Bo Zhang, Sanaa S. Ayyoub, Stephanie Choi, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Laura C. Alonso, Bruce A. Barton 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Data From: Children With Type 1 Diabetes Who Experienced A Honeymoon Phase Had Significantly Lower Ldl Cholesterol 5 Years After Diagnosis, Benjamin U. Nwosu, Bo Zhang, Sanaa S. Ayyoub, Stephanie Choi, Tony R. Villalobos-Ortiz, Laura C. Alonso, Bruce A. Barton

Pediatric Research Data

Manuscript abstract:

Importance: Landmark studies showed that partial clinical remission in new-onset type 1 diabetes is associated with reduced prevalence of long-term complications, but early clinical indicators of this favorable outcome are poorly characterized.

Aim: To determine if there were any differences in lipid parameters, especially LDL-cholesterol, between remitters and non-remitters 4 to 5 years after the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes after controlling for hemoglobin A1c, body mass index, and pubertal status.

Subjects and Methods: A longitudinal retrospective cohort study of 123 subjects of mean age 11.9 ± 2.9 years, [male 11.7 ± 2.9 years, (n=55 ...


A1c - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

A1c - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

This low literacy A1C patient education tool explains the test and illustrates healthy levels for diabetic patients. (Spanish)


A1c - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

A1c - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

This low literacy A1C patient education resource explains what this test means and illustrates healthy levels for people with diabetes.


Blood Glucose, Blood Pressure & Exercise Goals For Diabetics - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

Blood Glucose, Blood Pressure & Exercise Goals For Diabetics - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

One page handout for diabetics illustrating blood glucose, blood pressure and exercise goals. (Spanish)


Basic Diabetes Class Handout With Goal Numbers - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

Basic Diabetes Class Handout With Goal Numbers - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

This diabetic patient handout reviews A1C test results and simply illustrates what the patient can do to keep his/her blood sugar levels in the goal range.


Basic Diabetes Class Handout Without Goals - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

Basic Diabetes Class Handout Without Goals - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

This diabetic patient handout reviews A1C test results and simply illustrates what the patient can do to stay healthy.


What About Alcohol And Diabetes? - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

What About Alcohol And Diabetes? - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

One page handout discusses the effects of drinking alcohol on diabetes. (Spanish)


What About Alcohol And Diabetes? - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

What About Alcohol And Diabetes? - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

This one page handout discusses the effects of drinking alcohol on diabetes.


Sick Days - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

Sick Days - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

This one page handout offers tips on what to do when you are sick and you have diabetes. (Spanish)


Sick Days - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

Sick Days - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

This one page handout offers tips on what to do when you are sick and you have diabetes. (English)


New Diagnosis Of Diabetes - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

New Diagnosis Of Diabetes - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

An illustrated handout that simply explains need-to-know information for a newly diagnosed diabetes patient. (Spanish)


New Diagnosis Of Diabetes - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

New Diagnosis Of Diabetes - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

An illustrated handout that simply explains need-to-know information for a newly diagnosed diabetes patient.


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