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Reviews Of Science For Science Librarians: The Challenge Of The Zika Virus: An Emerging Arbovirus Disease, Frances A. Delwiche 2016 University of Vermont

Reviews Of Science For Science Librarians: The Challenge Of The Zika Virus: An Emerging Arbovirus Disease, Frances A. Delwiche

University Libraries Faculty and Staff Publications

First identified in Uganda in 1947, the Zika virus simmered quietly for sixty years, occasionally causing a mild dengue-like illness across parts of central Africa and equatorial Asia. However, since 2007, three large outbreaks have occurred: first in Micronesia, then in French Polynesia in 2013-2014, and as an epidemic involving Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central and South America in 2015-2016. This paper reviews the virology of the Zika virus, its modes of transmission, symptoms of Zika Virus Disease, the association of Zika infections with microcephaly and Guillain-Barre Syndrome, prevention of Zika infections, and ongoing efforts to develop a vaccine.


Post-Herpetic Paresis Of The Lower Extremity: An Unusual Complication Of Shingles, Leah Diane Stalnaker, Lynne J. Goebel, MD 2016 Joan C Edwards School of Medicine

Post-Herpetic Paresis Of The Lower Extremity: An Unusual Complication Of Shingles, Leah Diane Stalnaker, Lynne J. Goebel, Md

Lynne J. Goebel

Herpes zoster, or shingles, is a disease process caused by re-activation of varicella zoster virus in the dorsal root ganglia. Most commonly, it presents with burning pain and a characteristic vesicular rash. However neurologic complications may occur, most often including neuralgia, and less commonly paresis. We present a case of post-herpetic paresis in an 86- year- old female.


A Bi-Stable Switch In Virus Dynamics Can Explain The Differences In Disease Outcome Following Siv Infections In Rhesus Macaques, Stanca Ciupe, Christopher Miller, Jonathan Forde 2016 Virginia Tech

A Bi-Stable Switch In Virus Dynamics Can Explain The Differences In Disease Outcome Following Siv Infections In Rhesus Macaques, Stanca Ciupe, Christopher Miller, Jonathan Forde

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Determinants Of The Efficacy Of Hiv Latency Reversing Agents And Implications For Drug And Treatment Design, Ruian Ke 2016 North Carolina State University at Raleigh

Determinants Of The Efficacy Of Hiv Latency Reversing Agents And Implications For Drug And Treatment Design, Ruian Ke

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


A Mathematical Model Of The Spread Of Dengue Fever Incorporating Mobility, Kelly A. Reagan 2016 Elon University

A Mathematical Model Of The Spread Of Dengue Fever Incorporating Mobility, Kelly A. Reagan

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Heterogeneous Responses To Viral Infection: Insights From Mathematical Modeling Of Yellow Fever Vaccine, James R. Moore 2016 Emory University

Heterogeneous Responses To Viral Infection: Insights From Mathematical Modeling Of Yellow Fever Vaccine, James R. Moore

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Mathematical Models Of Hiv And Hpv Coinfection, Samantha Erwin, Meghna Verma, Vida Abedi, Raquel Hontecillas-Magarzo, Stefan Hoops, Josep Bassaganya-Riera, Stanca M. Ciupe 2016 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Mathematical Models Of Hiv And Hpv Coinfection, Samantha Erwin, Meghna Verma, Vida Abedi, Raquel Hontecillas-Magarzo, Stefan Hoops, Josep Bassaganya-Riera, Stanca M. Ciupe

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Change In Anti- Gp120 Human Monoclonal Antibody Isotype Significantly Improves Hiv-1 Neutralization, Mark Duval, Melissa Gawron, Lisa Cavacini 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Change In Anti- Gp120 Human Monoclonal Antibody Isotype Significantly Improves Hiv-1 Neutralization, Mark Duval, Melissa Gawron, Lisa Cavacini

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

HIV vaccine efforts tend to focus on the induction of IgG neutralizing antibodies. In part, this may stem from the observations that most HIV infected individuals fail to produce significant mucosal IgA. However, this is unlike most other infections and in turn it can be argued that mucosal IgA with appropriate function and specificity may contribute significantly to the prevention of HIV transmission. To explore this, we previously isotype switched F425A1g8, an anti-HIV CD4i human monoclonal antibody that binds to epitopes exposed upon CD4 binding (CD4i) The VH and VL chains were amplified from the IgG hybridoma and inserted into ...


Herpes Zoster And Cardiovascular Events In Adults: A Systematic Review, Nathaniel A. Erskine, Hoang Tran, Len L. Levin, Christine M. Ulbricht, Joyce D. Fingeroth, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Herpes Zoster And Cardiovascular Events In Adults: A Systematic Review, Nathaniel A. Erskine, Hoang Tran, Len L. Levin, Christine M. Ulbricht, Joyce D. Fingeroth, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Background: Stroke and myocardial infarction have been reported to occur after the development of herpes zoster (shingles), a common and preventable disease.

Purpose: To evaluate literature describing the association between herpes zoster and its subtypes with the occurrence of cardiovascular events.

Data Sources: PubMed, SCOPUS (Embase), OAIster, Google Scholar (searched in January 2016)

Study Selection: Studies published up to January 2016 examining the association between herpes zoster or subtype of herpes zoster with the occurrence of cardiovascular events, including stroke, transient ischemic attack, or an acute coronary event, were selected. Case reports, case studies, and studies of non-general adult populations ...


Humanized Mice For The Generation Of Hiv-1 Human Monoclonal Antibodies, Melissa Gawron, Mark Duval, Michael A. Brehm, Dale Greiner, Leonard D. Shultz, Smita Jaiswal, Sean M. McCauley, Ann Dauphin, Jeremy Luban, Lisa Cavacini 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Humanized Mice For The Generation Of Hiv-1 Human Monoclonal Antibodies, Melissa Gawron, Mark Duval, Michael A. Brehm, Dale Greiner, Leonard D. Shultz, Smita Jaiswal, Sean M. Mccauley, Ann Dauphin, Jeremy Luban, Lisa Cavacini

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Background: Despite the length of time HIV has been wreaking havoc on its victims, improvements in the prevention and treatment of HIV are needed. Anti-retroviral therapy can be effective but is expensive and not entirely accessible for people infected in third world countries. Several promising broadly neutralizing antibodies have been isolated from infected individuals; we propose that generating antigen specific human monoclonal antibodies using humanized mice further represents a promising approach to engineer prophylactic antibodies to reduce spread and infection of HIV.

Methods: Immunodeficient mice were engrafted with fetal liver and thymus (BLT) prior to infection with different HIV isolates ...


Rational Design Of An Epitope-Based Hepatitis C Virus Vaccine, Brian G. Pierce, Elisabeth N. Boucher, Ejemel Monir, William D. Thomas, Zhiping Weng, Yan Wang 2016 University of Maryland

Rational Design Of An Epitope-Based Hepatitis C Virus Vaccine, Brian G. Pierce, Elisabeth N. Boucher, Ejemel Monir, William D. Thomas, Zhiping Weng, Yan Wang

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Despite improving treatment methods and therapeutic options, hepatitis C virus (HCV) remains a major global disease burden, and a vaccine would help greatly in reducing its incidence. Due to its extremely high sequence variability, HCV can readily escape the immune response, thus a vaccine must elicit an immune response toward conserved, functionally important epitopes.

Using structural data of the broadly neutralizing antibody HCV1 in complex with a conserved linear epitope from the HCV E2 protein (aa 412-423, referred to as epitope I or domain E), we performed structure-based design to generate vaccine immunogens to induce antibody responses to this epitope ...


Phylogenetic Analysis Of Human Cytomegalovirus Pus27 And Pus28: Ascertaining An Independent Or Linked Evolutionary History, Jessica A. Scarborough 2016 University of San Francisco

Phylogenetic Analysis Of Human Cytomegalovirus Pus27 And Pus28: Ascertaining An Independent Or Linked Evolutionary History, Jessica A. Scarborough

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a widespread pathogen that is particularly skilled at evading immune detection and defense mechanisms, largely due to extensive co-evolution with its host’s immune system. One aspect of this co-evolution involves the acquisition of four virally encoded GPCR chemokine receptor homologs, products of the US27, US28, UL33 and UL78 genes. G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) are the largest family of cell surface proteins, found in organisms from yeast to humans. In this research, phylogenetic analysis was used to investigate the origins of the US27 and US28 genes, which are adjacent in the viral genome. The results indicate ...


Toward A Common Secure Future: Four Global Commissions In The Wake Of Ebola, Lawrence O. Gostin, Oyewale Tomori, Suwit Wibulpolprasert, Ashish K. Jha, Julio Frenk, Suerie Moon, Joy Phumpahpi, Peter Piot, Barbara Stocking, Victor J. Dzau, Gabriel M. Leung 2016 Georgetown University Law Center

Toward A Common Secure Future: Four Global Commissions In The Wake Of Ebola, Lawrence O. Gostin, Oyewale Tomori, Suwit Wibulpolprasert, Ashish K. Jha, Julio Frenk, Suerie Moon, Joy Phumpahpi, Peter Piot, Barbara Stocking, Victor J. Dzau, Gabriel M. Leung

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The world is becoming increasingly vulnerable to pandemics resulting from globalization, urbanization, intense human/animal interchange, and climate change. A series of global health crises have emerged since 2000, ranging from Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and its phylogenetic cousin Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), to pandemic Influenza A (H1N1), Ebola, and the ongoing Zika virus epidemic. The Ebola epidemic gave rise to four global commissions proposing a bold new agenda for global health preparedness and response for future infectious disease threats.

Four global commissions reviewing the recent Ebola virus disease epidemic response consistently recommended strengthening national health systems, consolidating ...


Socratic Dialogue As A Framework For Understanding Activist Music During The Ebola Outbreak In Liberia, Evan Slaney 2016 Memorial University

Socratic Dialogue As A Framework For Understanding Activist Music During The Ebola Outbreak In Liberia, Evan Slaney

Nota Bene: Canadian Undergraduate Journal of Musicology

This paper argues that Plato’s Socratic Dialogues can effectively model the process through which musical activism is understood by listeners. The Socratic Dialogues, as an abstract model, are first analyzed for advantages and disadvantages when using them to understand musical activism. This analysis breaks the dialogues into two stages: “Deconstruction” and “Collaboration.” The model is then applied to the song “Ebola is Real” by F. A., Soul Fresh, and DenG, a work that arose from the outbreak of Ebola virus disease in Liberia in March 2014. The song was supported by UNICEF and has a clear activist agenda. The ...


A Yellow Fever Epidemic: A New Global Health Emergency?, Lawrence O. Gostin, Daniel Lucey 2016 Georgetown University Law Center

A Yellow Fever Epidemic: A New Global Health Emergency?, Lawrence O. Gostin, Daniel Lucey

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The worst yellow fever epidemic in Angola since 1986 is rapidly spreading, including the capital, Luanda. In Angola, the epidemic began in December 2015 and the laboratory-confirmed outbreak was reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) on January 21, 2016. Angola has had 2023 suspected cases and 258 deaths as of April 26, 2016. China, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Kenya also have reported cases arising from infected travelers from Angola. Namibia and Zambia also share a long border with Angola, with considerable population movement between the countries. Similar to other recent epidemics, quick and effective action to stop ...


Hla Class I Supertype Associations With Clinical Outcome Of Secondary Dengue Virus Infections In Ethnic Thais, Sasijit Vejbaesya, Rungrot Thongpradit, Siripen Kalayanarooj, Komon Luangtrakool, Panpimon Luangtrakool, Robert V. Gibbons, Duangporn Srinak, Somporn Ngammthaworn, Kusuma Apisawes, In-Kyu Yoon, Stephen J. Thomas, Richard G. Jarman, Anon Srikiatkhachorn, Sharone Green, Dasnayanee Chandanayingyong, Sangshin Park, Jennifer Friedman, Alan L. Rothman, Henry A.F. Stephens 2016 Mahidol University

Hla Class I Supertype Associations With Clinical Outcome Of Secondary Dengue Virus Infections In Ethnic Thais, Sasijit Vejbaesya, Rungrot Thongpradit, Siripen Kalayanarooj, Komon Luangtrakool, Panpimon Luangtrakool, Robert V. Gibbons, Duangporn Srinak, Somporn Ngammthaworn, Kusuma Apisawes, In-Kyu Yoon, Stephen J. Thomas, Richard G. Jarman, Anon Srikiatkhachorn, Sharone Green, Dasnayanee Chandanayingyong, Sangshin Park, Jennifer Friedman, Alan L. Rothman, Henry A.F. Stephens

Sharone Green

BACKGROUND: Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) supertypes are groups of functionally related alleles that present structurally similar antigens to the immune system.

OBJECTIVES: To analyze HLA class I supertype associations with clinical outcome in hospitalized Thai children with acute dengue illness.

METHODS: Seven hundred sixty-two patients and population-matched controls recruited predominantly in Bangkok were HLA-A and -B typed. HLA supertype frequencies were compared and tested for significant dengue disease associations using logistic regression analyses. Multivariable models were built by conducting forward stepwise selection procedures.

RESULTS: In the final logistic regression model, the HLA-B44 supertype was protective against dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF ...


Assessment Of The Zoonotic Potential Of A Novel Bovine Influenza Virus, Laura Evelyn Eckard 2016 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Assessment Of The Zoonotic Potential Of A Novel Bovine Influenza Virus, Laura Evelyn Eckard

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

A novel orthomyxovirus was recently identified from pigs, with subsequent work suggesting the natural reservoir being bovine populations. The virus had genome characteristics most similar to influenza C viruses (ICV) but, due to the extent of sequence divergence, was proposed as a new genus, influenza D virus (IDV). Current literature on IDV has largely focused on the agricultural significance of the virus and provided evidence for the agricultural impact via observation of widespread prevalence and pathology in laboratory infected cattle. However, only one study, which identified 1.3% seroprevalence in a small cohort, has addressed the zoonotic potential of IDV ...


The Causative Agents Of Viral Hemorrhagic Fever: Do They Have A Common Ancestor?, Mark B. Schneider 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Causative Agents Of Viral Hemorrhagic Fever: Do They Have A Common Ancestor?, Mark B. Schneider

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Portrait Of Hiv For The East Region Of Tennessee, Emmitt Lee Turner 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Portrait Of Hiv For The East Region Of Tennessee, Emmitt Lee Turner

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Epidemiological Characteristics Of Clinically-Confirmed Cases Of Chikungunya In Teculutan, Guatemala, Annaly Aldana 2016 University of Rhode Island

Epidemiological Characteristics Of Clinically-Confirmed Cases Of Chikungunya In Teculutan, Guatemala, Annaly Aldana

Senior Honors Projects

As no vaccine currently exists for the Chikungunya virus (CHKV), mosquito control and efficient public health campaigns are crucial for the prevention of disease propagation. The purpose of this research project is to identify populations particularly at-risk for acquiring Chikungunya, and to explore the role that cultural attitudes may play in impacting mosquito-borne disease. Due to its geographical structure and climate, Guatemala is an ideal territory for the spread of emerging and re-emerging mosquito-borne diseases. This project was developed by collaborating with the public governmental health clinic in the municipal town of Teculután, in the department of Zacapa in Guatemala ...


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