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Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 153), Center for Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College 2023 Touro College and University System

Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 153), Center For Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College

COVID-19 Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 152), Center for Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College 2023 Touro College and University System

Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 152), Center For Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College

COVID-19 Newsletter

No abstract provided.


The Effectiveness Of Pay-It-Forward In Addressing Hpv Vaccine Delay And Increasing Uptake Among 15–18-Year-Old Adolescent Girls Compared To User-Paid Vaccination: A Study Protocol For A Two-Arm Randomized Controlled Trial In China, Yifan Li, Chuanyu Qin, Shengyue Qiu, Yu He, Linchuan Pang, Xiaolan Xu, Vivian Wan-Cheong Yim, Shenglan Tang, Heng Du, Wenfeng Gong, Fan Yang, Joseph D. Tucker, Weiming Tang, Yun Wang, Leesa Lin, Mark Jit, Wei Song, Chunrong Li, Jennifer Smith, Jing Li, Dan Wu 2023 Sichuan University

The Effectiveness Of Pay-It-Forward In Addressing Hpv Vaccine Delay And Increasing Uptake Among 15–18-Year-Old Adolescent Girls Compared To User-Paid Vaccination: A Study Protocol For A Two-Arm Randomized Controlled Trial In China, Yifan Li, Chuanyu Qin, Shengyue Qiu, Yu He, Linchuan Pang, Xiaolan Xu, Vivian Wan-Cheong Yim, Shenglan Tang, Heng Du, Wenfeng Gong, Fan Yang, Joseph D. Tucker, Weiming Tang, Yun Wang, Leesa Lin, Mark Jit, Wei Song, Chunrong Li, Jennifer Smith, Jing Li, Dan Wu

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination could prevent cervical and other HPV-associated cancers attributable to vaccine-associated HPV types. However, HPV vaccination coverage among women aged 9–18 years old is low in China. Common barriers include poor financial affordability, minimal public engagement, and low confidence in domestically produced HPV vaccines. Pay-it-forward offers an individual a free or subsidized service then an opportunity to voluntarily donate and/or create a postcard message to support future people. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of pay-it-forward as compared to standard-of-care self-paid vaccination to improve HPV vaccine uptake among adolescent girls aged 15–18 years, who are …


Clinical Utility Of Neutrophil To Lymphocyte Ratio In Sickle Cell Disease With Vaso-Occlusive Crisis, Satish Maharaj, Simone Chang 2023 Hematology & Oncology, Internal Medicine, Texas Tech University

Clinical Utility Of Neutrophil To Lymphocyte Ratio In Sickle Cell Disease With Vaso-Occlusive Crisis, Satish Maharaj, Simone Chang

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Background and objectives: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio represents a universally accessible value that correlates with inflammation and prognosis in several disease states; however, the role of this biomarker in sickle cell disease remains poorly explored. Hence, the objective of the present study was to determine its potential clinical utility in patients with sickle cell disease.

Patients: Herein, we retrospectively reviewed 143 patients with sickle cell disease who presented to the emergency department with fever and painful vaso-occlusive crisis.

Results: The examined cohort had a prevalence of 11% confirmed bacterial infection, with approximately two-thirds reporting the use of hydroxyurea. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio …


A Systematic Literature Review Of Research From 2010 To 2020 Addressing User-Generated Online Comments Related To Health Issues And Recommendations For Future Research, Muhammad Ittefaq, Mauryne Abwao, Ioana A. Coman, Waqas Ejaz 2023 James Madison University

A Systematic Literature Review Of Research From 2010 To 2020 Addressing User-Generated Online Comments Related To Health Issues And Recommendations For Future Research, Muhammad Ittefaq, Mauryne Abwao, Ioana A. Coman, Waqas Ejaz

School of Communication Studies - Faculty Scholarship

This systematic literature review was conducted to provide insights into how online readers’ comments have been studied in the context of health over a 10-year span. About 593 studies published between 2010 and 2020; of these, 34 met the research criteria for inclusion. Our findings reveal that 60% of the studies focused on the United States, and a qualitative method was used in 74.3% of these studies. About 23.5% of the studies explored vaccine-related issues. Our results reveal that among the selected studies, 76.5% and 20.6% had female and male first authors, respectively. Textual analysis of abstracts shows that the …


Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 151), Center for Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College 2022 Touro College and University System

Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 151), Center For Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College

COVID-19 Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 150), Center for Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College 2022 Touro College and University System

Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 150), Center For Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College

COVID-19 Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Monkeypox: Facts For Faith Community Nurses, Melissa K. Travelsted 2022 Western Kentucky University

Monkeypox: Facts For Faith Community Nurses, Melissa K. Travelsted

International Journal of Faith Community Nursing

Faith community nurses provide services to diverse populations and should be aware of the recent monkeypox outbreak. The 2022 outbreak is dissimilar from previous as cases are occurring in non-endemic countries with no travel connections to endemic countries. Cases in the United States are mostly identified in the gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men. Symptoms of monkeypox begin with flu-like symptoms progressing to a sequential rash (macule, papule, vesicles, pustules, scabs). The distinguishing characteristic of monkeypox from other Orthopoxviruses is lymphadenopathy. There is no FDA approved treatment for monkeypox as most cases are mild and self-limiting, …


Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 149), Center for Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College 2022 Touro College and University System

Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 149), Center For Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College

COVID-19 Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 148), Center for Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College 2022 Touro College and University System

Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 148), Center For Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College

COVID-19 Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Il-21 Signaling Promotes The Establishment Of Kshv Infection In Human Tonsil Lymphocytes By Increasing Differentiation And Targeting Of Plasma Cells, Nedaa Alomari, Jennifer Totonchy 2022 Chapman University

Il-21 Signaling Promotes The Establishment Of Kshv Infection In Human Tonsil Lymphocytes By Increasing Differentiation And Targeting Of Plasma Cells, Nedaa Alomari, Jennifer Totonchy

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Introduction: Factors influencing Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) transmission and the early stages of KSHV infection in the human immune system remain poorly characterized. KSHV is known to extensively manipulate the host immune system and the cytokine milieu, and cytokines are known to influence the progression of KSHV-associated diseases. Our previous work identified the early targeting of plasma cells for KSHV infection. In this study, we examine whether IL-21, a cytokine known to profoundly influence plasma cell fate, influences the early stages of KSHV infection in B lymphocytes.

Methods: Using our unique model of ex vivo KSHV infection in tonsil lymphocytes, …


The Prevalence Of Sars-Cov-2 Antibodies Within The Community Of A Private Tertiary University In The Philippines: A Serial Cross Sectional Study, Lourdes S. Tanchanco, Jenica Clarisse Y. Sy, Angel Belle C. Dy, Myla D. Levantino, Arianna Maever L. Amit, John Wong, Kirsten Angeles, John Paul Vergara 2022 Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health, Ateneo de Manila University

The Prevalence Of Sars-Cov-2 Antibodies Within The Community Of A Private Tertiary University In The Philippines: A Serial Cross Sectional Study, Lourdes S. Tanchanco, Jenica Clarisse Y. Sy, Angel Belle C. Dy, Myla D. Levantino, Arianna Maever L. Amit, John Wong, Kirsten Angeles, John Paul Vergara

Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health Publications

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a public health emergency in all sectors of society, including universities and other academic institutions. This study determined the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies among administrators, faculty, staff, and students of a private tertiary academic institution in the Philippines over a 7 month period. It employed a serial cross-sectional method using qualitative and quantitative COVID-19 antibody test kits. A total of 1,318 participants were tested, showing 47.80% of the study population yielding IgG antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 virus. A general increase in seroprevalence was observed from June to December 2021, which coincided with the vaccine roll-out of …


Investigating The Pi3k/Akt/Atm Pathway, Telomeric Dna Damage, T Cell Death, And Crispr/Cas9-Mediated Gene Editing During Acute And Chronic Hiv Infection, Sushant Khanal 2022 East Tennessee State University

Investigating The Pi3k/Akt/Atm Pathway, Telomeric Dna Damage, T Cell Death, And Crispr/Cas9-Mediated Gene Editing During Acute And Chronic Hiv Infection, Sushant Khanal

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection initiates major metabolic and cell- survival complications. Anti-retroviral therapy (ART) is the current approach to suppress active HIV replication to a level of undetected viral load, but it is not a curative approach. Newer and sophisticated gene editing technologies could indeed be a potent antiviral therapy to achieve a clinical sterilization/cure of HIV infection. Chronic HIV patients, even under a successful ART regimen, exhibit a low-grade inflammation, immune senescence, premature aging, telomeric DNA attrition, T cell apoptosis, and cellular homeostasis. In this dissertation, we investigated CD4 T cell homeostasis, degree of T cell apoptosis, an …


Increasing The Prescribing Of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep) With A Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Screening Tool, Cassey Hall 2022 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Increasing The Prescribing Of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep) With A Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Screening Tool, Cassey Hall

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is one of the leading pandemics in the world. In 2019, 38 million people were living with HIV around the world. Of those, roughly 87% were aware of their HIV status.

PICOT: In patients with high risk for HIV, how does implementing a pre-exposure (PrEP) screening tool compared to randomly screening for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) affect the prescribing of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) within eight weeks?

Evidence: In 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended PrEP for the prevention of HIV in high-risk individuals. The patients include men who have sex with …


Effectiveness Of Non-Invasive Respiratory Support Strategies In Patients With Covid-19: A Systematic Review And Meta Analysis, Vinesh Kumar, Umair Arshad Malik, Reshman Kumari, Berkha Berkha, Vijay Kumar, Manoj Kumar, Simran Simran, Suman Suman, Bushra Nasim 2022 Chandka Medical College, Pakistan

Effectiveness Of Non-Invasive Respiratory Support Strategies In Patients With Covid-19: A Systematic Review And Meta Analysis, Vinesh Kumar, Umair Arshad Malik, Reshman Kumari, Berkha Berkha, Vijay Kumar, Manoj Kumar, Simran Simran, Suman Suman, Bushra Nasim

Medical College Documents

Background: The effectiveness of non-invasive respiratory strategies, namely CPAP and HFNO, in reducing the risk of mortality and tracheal intubation in patients with severe COVID-19 is not well established.
Methods: A thorough literature search was conducted across 3 electronic databases (Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane Central) from inception through July 2022. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies assessing the impact of CPAP or HFNO on clinical outcomes in patients infected with COVID-19 were considered for inclusion. End-points included all-cause mortality and risk of tracheal intubation. Evaluations were reported as risk ratios (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) and analysis was …


Cost Utility Of Supporting Family-Based Care To Prevent Hiv And Deaths Among Orphaned And Separated Children In East Africa: A Markov Model–Based Simulation, Marta Wilson-Barthes, Paula Braitstein, Allison DeLong, David Ayuku, Lukoye Atwoli, Edwin Sang, Omar Galárraga 2022 Brown University School of Public Health, USA

Cost Utility Of Supporting Family-Based Care To Prevent Hiv And Deaths Among Orphaned And Separated Children In East Africa: A Markov Model–Based Simulation, Marta Wilson-Barthes, Paula Braitstein, Allison Delong, David Ayuku, Lukoye Atwoli, Edwin Sang, Omar Galárraga

Internal Medicine, East Africa

Purpose: Strengthening family-based care is a key policy response to the more than 15 million orphaned and separated children who have lost 1 or both parents in sub-Saharan Africa. This analysis estimated the cost-effectiveness of family-based care environments for preventing HIV and death in this population.

Design: We developed a time-homogeneous Markov model to simulate the incremental cost per disability-adjusted life year (DALY) averted by supporting family-based environments caring for orphaned and separated children in western Kenya. Model parameters were based on data from the longitudinal OSCAR’s Health and Well-Being Project and published literature. We used a societal perspective, …


Mental Health, Substance Use, And The Importance Of Religion During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Ji-Yeun Park, Thushara Galbadage, Hyuna Lee, David C. Wang, Brent M. Peterson 2022 Biola University

Mental Health, Substance Use, And The Importance Of Religion During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Ji-Yeun Park, Thushara Galbadage, Hyuna Lee, David C. Wang, Brent M. Peterson

Faculty Articles & Research

COVID-19 impacted multiple facets of life, with implications on physical, mental, and societal health. Specifically, long COVID and related losses have exacerbated complex and prolonged grief responses and mental disorders including depression and anxiety. These mental health concerns are in turn associated with increased detrimental coping strategies including substance use disorders (SUD). The social and interpersonal implications of SUD are varied. Secondary data analyses from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) collected during the COVID-19 pandemic revealed an increase in substance use behaviors and mental health problems. Self-reported religious activities had a positive meditating effect on reducing …


Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 147), Center for Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College 2022 Touro College and University System

Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 147), Center For Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College

COVID-19 Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Immunity To Poliovirus In Afghanistan: A Household Sampling Method For Serological Assessment Based On Geographical Information Systems, Amalia Mendes, Ari Whiteman, Benjamin Nygren, Brian Kaplan, Imtiaz Hussain, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Maureen Martinez, Noha H. Farag 2022 Agency for Toxic Substance and Disease Registry, Atlanta

Immunity To Poliovirus In Afghanistan: A Household Sampling Method For Serological Assessment Based On Geographical Information Systems, Amalia Mendes, Ari Whiteman, Benjamin Nygren, Brian Kaplan, Imtiaz Hussain, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Maureen Martinez, Noha H. Farag

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Afghanistan continues to experience challenges affecting polio eradication. Mass polio vaccination campaigns, which aim to protect children under the age of 5, are a key eradication strategy. To date, the polio program in Afghanistan has only employed facility-based seroprevalence surveys, which can be subject to sampling bias. We describe the feasibility in implementing a cross-sectional household poliovirus seroprevalence survey based on geographical information systems (GIS) in three districts. Digital maps with randomly selected predetermined starting points were provided to teams, with a total target of 1,632 households. Teams were instructed to navigate to predetermined starting points and enrol the closest …


Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 146), Center for Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College 2022 Touro College and University System

Covid-19 Newsletter (Vol. 146), Center For Disaster Medicine, New York Medical College

COVID-19 Newsletter

No abstract provided.


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