Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Virus Diseases Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

873 Full-Text Articles 2945 Authors 153372 Downloads 82 Institutions

All Articles in Virus Diseases

Faceted Search

873 full-text articles. Page 1 of 35.

Application Of Genetics And Genomics To Wildlife Epidemiology, Julie A. Blanchong, Stacie J. Robinson, Michael D. Samuel, Jeffrey T. Foster 2018 Iowa State University

Application Of Genetics And Genomics To Wildlife Epidemiology, Julie A. Blanchong, Stacie J. Robinson, Michael D. Samuel, Jeffrey T. Foster

Julie A. Blanchong

Wildlife diseases can have significant impacts on wildlife conservation and management. Many of the pathogens that affect wildlife also have important implications for domestic animal and human health. However, management interventions to prevent or control wildlife disease are hampered by uncertainties about the complex interactions between pathogens and free-ranging wildlife. We often lack crucial knowledge about host ecology, pathogen characteristics, and host–pathogen dynamics. The purpose of this review is to familiarize wildlife biologists and managers with the application of genetic and genomic methodologies for investigating pathogen and host biology to better understand and manage wildlife diseases. The genesis of ...


Deconstructing The Model Minority Myth: Exploring Health Risk Behaviors Of American Asian And Pacific Islander Young Adults, Todd M. Sabato 2018 University of North Dakota

Deconstructing The Model Minority Myth: Exploring Health Risk Behaviors Of American Asian And Pacific Islander Young Adults, Todd M. Sabato

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

The model minority stereotype describes Asian and Pacific Islanders (API) as the epitome of assimilation into U.S. culture using hard work, intelligence, high educational attainment, and economic success to overcome the challenges of discrimination and recent immigration. Adopted model minority pressures assume a life of their own, with origins in childhood that are amplified during adolescence and young adulthood. In response to evidence of increased vulnerability to HIV and other sexually transmitted infection exposure, the present study compared prevalence estimates of health risk behaviors of API and cross-ethnic college students (N = 1,880). Self-reported alcohol use and abuse tendencies ...


Examining Differences In Hpv Awareness And Knowledge And Hpv Vaccine Awareness And Acceptability Between U.S. Hispanic And Island Puerto Rican Women, Daisy Y. Morales-Campos PhD, Robin Vanderpool 2018 University of Texas at Austin

Examining Differences In Hpv Awareness And Knowledge And Hpv Vaccine Awareness And Acceptability Between U.S. Hispanic And Island Puerto Rican Women, Daisy Y. Morales-Campos Phd, Robin Vanderpool

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background: In 2015, only 42% of Puerto Rican (PR) girls aged 13-17 and 44% of U.S. Hispanic girls aged 13-17 were vaccinated with all three Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine doses. These percentages were far lower than the Healthy People 2020 goal of 80% of girls aged 13-15 completing the vaccine series. The purpose of this study was to examine potential differences in HPV awareness and knowledge and HPV vaccine awareness and acceptability between a population-based sample of U.S. Hispanic and island Puerto Rican women.

Methods: We restricted our analyses to female respondents from the Health Information National Trends ...


Guinea-Bissau: Hiv/Aids, Matt MacArthur 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Guinea-Bissau: Hiv/Aids, Matt Macarthur

Global Public Health

This public health brief investigates the concern of HIV/AIDS in Guinea-Bissau. Guinea-Bissau is a low-income country run by a semi-presidential government. The government has been very unstable since its formation. A variety of internal conflicts have limited the effectiveness of the government. As a result, there is little money to provide proper treatment for individuals with HIV/AIDS. It is important to get tested for this condition as soon as symptoms occur, but due to limited resources that is not always possible. Guinea-Bissau has a very high fertility rate compared to other countries worldwide, this allows for a high ...


El Salvador: Zika Virus, Annalia Fowler 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

El Salvador: Zika Virus, Annalia Fowler

Global Public Health

One of the current issues in El Salvador at the moment is the outbreak of Zika virus and the lack of understanding where it came from. Zika virus affects the population in many different ways. One of the most important ways that it affects the population is that it causes birth defects such as microcephaly and fetal death. In a country that already has a declining birth rate this could soon have grave effects on the population. As of right now El Salvador is working on an educational approach to stop the spread of the disease, as there is no ...


Recommendation For Routine Prenatal Screening For Hepatitis C, Althea L. Morrison 2018 University of Vermont

Recommendation For Routine Prenatal Screening For Hepatitis C, Althea L. Morrison

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Hepatitis C prevalence and incidence are on the rise, both nationally and in Vermont. This project aims to assess the feasibility and potential benefit of implementing routine prenatal Hepatitis C screening, as opposed to screening only patients who fall within the high exposure risk category. Routine prenatal screening is a simple and cost effective means of increasing the early detection and treatment of Hepatitis C.


Mozambique: Hiv/Aids, Camila Davila 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Mozambique: Hiv/Aids, Camila Davila

Global Public Health

Mozambique is a country located in Southeastern Africa near the Mozambique Channel and the Indian Ocean. The president of this nation is Filipe Jacinto Nyusi. The total population is 26, 573, 706 which is composed of mostly 99.68% Africans and other minorities. Its national language is Portuguese although most of the population speaks Emarkhuwa. Most of the population is Catholic and a few others include Muslims and Zionist Christians. Mozambique faces several challenges with malaria, poverty, malnutrition, HIV/AIDS, and illicit drugs. HIV/AIDS is a common health problem that targets the immune system and is transmitted through bodily ...


Northern Mariana Islands: Hepatitis B, Dennis Thornton 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Northern Mariana Islands: Hepatitis B, Dennis Thornton

Global Public Health

The Northern Mariana Islands consists of a group of Islands in the Pacific Ocean that are a United States commonwealth, meaning that they are technically a part of the United States and follow our government, which is a constitutional republic. This string of islands has had a problem with Hepatitis B in the past. This is a problem for all genders, and all ages, but is most common among drug users, diabetics, and individuals who engage in sexual acts with multiple partners. This illness attacks a person's bloodstream and can be serious enough to cause liver failure and extreme ...


Vanuatu: Malaria, Cody Wheeler 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Vanuatu: Malaria, Cody Wheeler

Global Public Health

Vanuatu is a small archipelago near Australia with a population of over 280,000. This nation consists of almost all native Vanuatuans, who live in rural areas. This young nation, only 40 years of independence, has many issues ranging from infantile mortality to an underdeveloped infrastructure, water and sanitation issues. This brief’s focus is the endemic of malaria, specifically the Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax strains of the disease. The nation is attempting to manage the issue through implementation of screening and better testing for malaria. The use of insecticide treated nets (ITNs) is also prevalent, but in some ...


Tanzania: Hiv/Aids, Francis Faasen 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Tanzania: Hiv/Aids, Francis Faasen

Global Public Health

Tanzania has a lot of issues going on in the community, but HIV/AIDS is the number one issue they are facing. Over 5% of their population has the HIV/Aids virus. There are many interventions that have been tried in Tanzania. In the last year there have been over 50,000 new cases of HIV/Aids in Tanzania. The goal is to main those numbers go down dramatically in the coming years. The two most common interventions are trying to educate this subject at a young age and provide condoms to the population. They tried giving condoms out to ...


Somalia: Rift Valley Fever, Alyson Meeks 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Somalia: Rift Valley Fever, Alyson Meeks

Global Public Health

This walks readers through the basic demographics of Somalia, a country located in the horn of Africa. After learning about the government in Somalia and the problems that the people of the country face, this focuses on the problem of Rift Valley Fever. Rift Valley Fever is a virus that year after year strikes Somalia and surrounding countries. Weather patterns seem to help predict when Rift Valley Fever will be at the highest risk for an outbreak. This outlines the steps the current government and people are trying to take to help prevent outbreaks of RVF. But the solutions currently ...


Togo: Hiv/Aids, Brooke Einsweiler 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Togo: Hiv/Aids, Brooke Einsweiler

Global Public Health

This brief describes the political structure, internal, and external challenges of Togo, Africa. It primarily focuses on the internal challenge of the high AIDS prevalence in the country and goes into detail on the epidemiology, identification, challenges, and suggestions regarding the disease. AIDS is an immunodeficiency virus that makes it hard for the host to fight off infections and illnesses. The virus is transmitted through direct contact with bodily fluid and is most commonly spread through unprotected sex. Men having sex with men are at the highest risk of contracting HIV/AIDS in this region. Pregnant women with HIV/AIDS ...


Behavioral Ecology And Associated Virology Of Mosquito-Host Interactions In Southern California, Oliver Eshun 2017 Loma Linda University

Behavioral Ecology And Associated Virology Of Mosquito-Host Interactions In Southern California, Oliver Eshun

Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects

Elucidating characteristics of mosquito-host interactions are critical for understanding the ecology and epidemiology of mosquito-borne diseases. In this dissertation, I conducted three studies to explore potential mosquito-host interactions and associated virus infection rates. I first demonstrated that mosquito captures at CO2-baited traps decreased most markedly with height above ground, and also decreased with distance from water at a riparian area but not at an open water source lacking a vegetated border. Birds might therefore prefer elevated nests or roosts to avoid mosquitoes. The second study examined the anti-mosquito behaviors of budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus) in a laboratory study. The birds defended ...


Improving Vaccination Rates In Adults With Type Ii Diabetes In A Family Practice Setting: An Evidence-Based Quality Improvement Project, Ronda Gottlieb 2017 University of the Incarnate Word

Improving Vaccination Rates In Adults With Type Ii Diabetes In A Family Practice Setting: An Evidence-Based Quality Improvement Project, Ronda Gottlieb

Doctor of Nursing Practice

The purpose of this evidenced-based quality improvement project is to implement processes to facilitate providers’ adherence to the American Diabetes Association (2017), American Association of Clinical Endocrinologist (2015), and American College of Endocrinology (2015) immunization guidelines for adults with type II diabetes. Presently, diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the United States contributing to serious complications throughout the body as a result of poor glucose control. Adults with diabetes are at increased susceptibility to infectious disease because of hyperglycemia, poor glucose control, and decreased immunity. A protocol was created using The Four Pillars Transformation Program ™ to align ...


Six-Year Experience Of Influenza Vaccination As A Condition Of Employment For A Large Regional Health Care System, John R. Brill, Mark Hermanoff, Angela Tonozzi, Mary Jo Capodice, Jennifer Farrar, Zarina Dawoodbhai 2017 Population Health, Aurora Health Care

Six-Year Experience Of Influenza Vaccination As A Condition Of Employment For A Large Regional Health Care System, John R. Brill, Mark Hermanoff, Angela Tonozzi, Mary Jo Capodice, Jennifer Farrar, Zarina Dawoodbhai

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Influenza remains a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality in the United States. Health care workers (HCW) can be both victims and vectors of influenza. Influenza vaccination of HCW is protective for both caregivers and patients, but voluntary programs generally fail to achieve rates recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Despite a complex, multifaceted influenza program initiated in 1996 that included significant education and promotion as well as free on-site vaccination, annual Aurora Health Care caregiver immunization rates remained in the mid-70s until adoption of a “condition of employment” strategy in 2011.

Purpose: Discuss the annual ...


Evolution Of Knowledge, Awareness, And Practices Regarding Zika Virus From 2016 To 2017, Quinton Katler, Prachi Godiwala, Charles J. Macri, Beth Pineles, Gary Simon, Aileen Chang, Homa Ahmadzia 2017 George Washington University

Evolution Of Knowledge, Awareness, And Practices Regarding Zika Virus From 2016 To 2017, Quinton Katler, Prachi Godiwala, Charles J. Macri, Beth Pineles, Gary Simon, Aileen Chang, Homa Ahmadzia

Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Publications

Objective. Our team created a knowledge, attitudes, and practice (KAP) survey in order to assess changes over time in healthcare provider and community member awareness of Zika virus symptoms, transmission, treatment, and current and future concerns.

Study Design. The cross-sectional survey was issued at an academic medical center in Washington, DC, and via an online link to healthcare providers and community members between June and August 2016. Survey distribution was then repeated the following year, from March to April 2017. Outcomes were compared by survey year and healthcare provider versus community member status using SAS Program Version 9.4.

Results ...


Leveraging Ehrs And Hies For Hepatitis C Surveillance, Prevention And Management:, Michael Chin 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Leveraging Ehrs And Hies For Hepatitis C Surveillance, Prevention And Management:, Michael Chin

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

This presentation for the National Alliance of State and Territorial AIDS Directors explores the ways public health departments can use electronic health record (EHR) or health information (HIE) exchange data for Hepatitis C surveillance, prevention and management.


The Kinetics Of Type I Interferons During Influenza A Virus Infection, Margaret A. Myers 2017 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

The Kinetics Of Type I Interferons During Influenza A Virus Infection, Margaret A. Myers

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Natural History Of Hpv Infection Across The Lifespan: Role Of Viral Latency., Patti E Gravitt, Rachel L Winer 2017 George Washington University

Natural History Of Hpv Infection Across The Lifespan: Role Of Viral Latency., Patti E Gravitt, Rachel L Winer

Global Health Faculty Publications

Large-scale epidemiologic studies have been invaluable for elaboration of the causal relationship between persistent detection of genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and the development of invasive cervical cancer. However, these studies provide limited data to adequately inform models of the individual-level natural history of HPV infection over the course of a lifetime, and particularly ignore the biological distinction between HPV-negative tests and lack of infection (i.e., the possibility of latent, undetectable HPV infection). Using data from more recent epidemiological studies, this review proposes an alternative model of the natural history of genital HPV across the life span. We argue ...


Landscape, Demographic, Entomological, And Climatic Associations With Human Disease Incidence Of West Nile Virus In The State Of Iowa, Usa, John P. DeGroote, Ramathan Sugumaran, Sarah M. Brend, Brad J. Tucker, Lyric Bartholomay 2017 University of Northern Iowa

Landscape, Demographic, Entomological, And Climatic Associations With Human Disease Incidence Of West Nile Virus In The State Of Iowa, Usa, John P. Degroote, Ramathan Sugumaran, Sarah M. Brend, Brad J. Tucker, Lyric Bartholomay

John DeGroote

Background: West Nile virus (WNV) emerged as a threat to public and veterinary health in the Midwest United States in 2001 and continues to cause significant morbidity and mortality annually. To investigate biotic and abiotic factors associated with disease incidence, cases of reported human disease caused by West Nile virus (WNV) in the state of Iowa were aggregated by census block groups in Iowa for the years 2002–2006. Spatially explicit data on landscape, demographic, and climatic conditions were collated and analyzed by census block groups. Statistical tests of differences between means and distributions of landscape, demographic, and climatic variables ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress