Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Eye Diseases Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

681 Full-Text Articles 1,373 Authors 229,238 Downloads 60 Institutions

All Articles in Eye Diseases

Faceted Search

681 full-text articles. Page 1 of 24.

Anti-Retinal Igg Antibodies In Patients With Early And Advanced Type 2 Macular Telangiectasia, Samuel McLenachan, Chandrakumar Balaratnasingam, Rachael C. Heath Jeffery, Shang Chih Chen, Dan Zhang, Geoffrey Chan, Rosa Dolz-Marco, Tommaso Bacci, Johnny Lo, Steven Wiffen, Lawrence A. Yannuzzi, Fred K. Chen 2022 Edith Cowan University

Anti-Retinal Igg Antibodies In Patients With Early And Advanced Type 2 Macular Telangiectasia, Samuel Mclenachan, Chandrakumar Balaratnasingam, Rachael C. Heath Jeffery, Shang Chih Chen, Dan Zhang, Geoffrey Chan, Rosa Dolz-Marco, Tommaso Bacci, Johnny Lo, Steven Wiffen, Lawrence A. Yannuzzi, Fred K. Chen

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Type 2 idiopathic macular telangiectasia (MacTel-2) is a progressive adult-onset macular disease associated with bilateral perifoveal vascular changes, Muller cell degeneration and increased blood-retinal barrier permeability. The pathophysiological mechanisms of MacTel-2 remain unclear, however it was previously reported that anti-retinal antibodies in MacTel-2 patients are a significant feature of the disease. In this study, we aimed to compare the prevalence of anti-retinal antibodies in patients MacTel-2, healthy controls and patients with other retinal diseases. MacTel-2 patients diagnosed with multimodal imaging were enrolled and their disease severities were graded using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. For comparison, patients with age-related macular degeneration ...


Crispr/Cas9 Genome Editing: Future Treatment Of Duane Retraction Syndrome, Muhammad Raihan Zulfikar, Editha Renesteen, Bantari W.K. Wardhani 2022 Faculty of Military Pharmacy, Indonesia Defense University, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia

Crispr/Cas9 Genome Editing: Future Treatment Of Duane Retraction Syndrome, Muhammad Raihan Zulfikar, Editha Renesteen, Bantari W.K. Wardhani

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Duane Retraction Syndrome (DRS) is characterized by limited eye movement. One of its causes is a mutation in the CHN1, MAFB, or SALL4 gene. Nowadays, the treatment for DRS is limited to glasses, occlusion, and surgery. However, this treatment has not been able to cure the disease’s hereditary issue. Another strategy to be considered for the treatment is CRISPR/Cas9, a tool for performing gene editing with a wide range of applications, including treating genetic diseases. We made sgRNA as a first step in using CRISPR/Cas9 as a treatment for DRS in silico using the CCTop website. By ...


Interventions To Improve Adherence To Recommended Diabetic Retinopathy Screening In Adult Patients With Diabetes Mellitus: A Scoping Review, Clare Anderson BSN, RN, DNP, FNP, Sarah May BSN, RN, DNP, FNP, Diana Dedmon DNP, APRN, FNP-BC 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Interventions To Improve Adherence To Recommended Diabetic Retinopathy Screening In Adult Patients With Diabetes Mellitus: A Scoping Review, Clare Anderson Bsn, Rn, Dnp, Fnp, Sarah May Bsn, Rn, Dnp, Fnp, Diana Dedmon Dnp, Aprn, Fnp-Bc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose/Background Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the leading cause of blindness in adults. Current guidelines recommend that all patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have a DR screening (DRS) upon diagnosis of T2DM and then annually, but the adherence rate is only approximately 60%. This scoping review aims to evaluate the effectiveness of primary care providers (PCPs) employing strategies to increase compliance with annual DRS among adult patients with T2DM.

Methods Between September 2021 and January 2022, a literature review was performed to collect studies evaluating interventions to increase adherence to DRS. Individual searches of PubMed, SCOPUS, and CINAHL ...


Interpersonal Communication In Eye Care: An Analysis Of Potential Impacts On Cataract Surgery Candidates’ Expectations And Behaviors, Amy Hellem, Sara LaBelle, Cynthia Matossian, Paul Karpecki 2022 Chapman University

Interpersonal Communication In Eye Care: An Analysis Of Potential Impacts On Cataract Surgery Candidates’ Expectations And Behaviors, Amy Hellem, Sara Labelle, Cynthia Matossian, Paul Karpecki

Communication Faculty Articles and Research

Purpose: To identify cataract surgery candidates’ knowledge, beliefs, desires and emotions as they relate to cataract surgery generally as well as to their behavioral intent to adhere to a doctor-recommended pre-surgical ocular surface prep routine designed to improve refractive outcomes and prevent surgical complications.

Methods: This national, noninterventional, cross-sectional, mixed methods survey included 278 US adults ages 65 and older with no history of cataract surgery in either eye.

Results: Only 20% of participants said they want to have cataract surgery, and even fewer (8%) said they wish they could have cataract surgery right away. Fear was the predominant emotion ...


Vision Anatomy, Juliana Coleman 2022 University of Alabama, Birmingham

Vision Anatomy, Juliana Coleman

PEER Liberia Project

This presentation is Lecture 2 in the PEER Liberia Neurology Lecture Series. It provides an overview of eye anatomy, vision testing, and diagnosis of eye conditions.


Diagnosis Of Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy From Fluorescein Angiography Using Deep Learning, Yu-Yeh Tsai, Wei-Yang Ling, Shih-Jen Chen, Paisan Ruamviboonsuk, Cheng-Ho King, Chia-Ling Tsai 2022 National Chung Cheng University

Diagnosis Of Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy From Fluorescein Angiography Using Deep Learning, Yu-Yeh Tsai, Wei-Yang Ling, Shih-Jen Chen, Paisan Ruamviboonsuk, Cheng-Ho King, Chia-Ling Tsai

Publications and Research

Purpose: To differentiate polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) from choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and to determine the extent of PCV from fluorescein angiography (FA) using attention-based deep learning networks.

Methods: We build two deep learning networks for diagnosis of PCV using FA, one for detection and one for segmentation. Attention-gated convolutional neural network (AG-CNN) differentiates PCV from other types of wet age-related macular degeneration. Gradient-weighted class activation map (Grad-CAM) is generated to highlight important regions in the image for making the prediction, which offers explainability of the network. Attention-gated recurrent neural network (AG-PCVNet) for spatiotemporal prediction is applied for segmentation of PCV ...


A Proposed Method To Verify Physician Visual Estimation Of Intraoperative Corneal Edema From Refractive Measurement Images During Cataract Surgery, Karalee Corley 2022 Claremont Colleges

A Proposed Method To Verify Physician Visual Estimation Of Intraoperative Corneal Edema From Refractive Measurement Images During Cataract Surgery, Karalee Corley

CMC Senior Theses

A patient’s resultant vision quality in a restorative Femtosecond Laser Assisted Cataract Surgery (FLACS) can be fine tuned via an intraoperative measurement of refractive power and axis of astigmatism in the aphakic state. Standard preoperative measurements often disagree with intraoperative measurements (Optiwave Refractive Analysis; Alcon, Inc.) on account of the inclusion or exclusion of posterior corneal curvature, leaving the ultimate lens selection to physician discretion. One additional suggested cause of disagreement is swelling at the corneal incision site (Corley and Carmack 2020).The following proposes a method to verify visual estimation of intraoperative corneal swelling from 2D gray-scale images ...


Glaucoma Alters The Morphology Of Mouse Melanopsin-Containing Retinal Ganglion Cells, Kristin Keenan 2022 The University of Akron

Glaucoma Alters The Morphology Of Mouse Melanopsin-Containing Retinal Ganglion Cells, Kristin Keenan

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Melanopsin ganglion cells are intrinsically photosensitive ganglion cells in the mammalian retina. These cells mediate aspects of non-image forming vision to help regular circadian rhythm. Glaucoma is an eye disease involving an increase in intraocular pressure that has been linked to irregular circadian rhythm. This project will investigate the impact glaucoma has on these melanopsin ganglion cells at different pathological timepoints. This will be performed by using dissection, immunohistochemistry, and computer imaging methods to visualize, trace, and measure the cells’ morphologies in both control and glaucomatous retinas at different timepoints of disease to analyze if glaucoma has a significant effect ...


Effect Of Glaucoma On Melanopsin Retinal Ganglion Cells In Mice, Abigail McMullen 2022 The University of Akron

Effect Of Glaucoma On Melanopsin Retinal Ganglion Cells In Mice, Abigail Mcmullen

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Within the mammalian retina, there are melanopsin-containing ganglion cells. These intrinsically photoreceptive cells help control behavioral aspects of vision as well as to aid in circadian rhythms. In this project, it will be determined whether or not glaucoma has an effect on these cells, and what that effect is, from different points in the disease. Glaucoma is an eye disease that damages the retinal ganglion cells and eventually causes them to die, also it can be linked to irregular circadian rhythm. Many techniques will be used to prepare this project but computer imaging will be the primary method for determining ...


Corneal Ulcer On The Verge Of Rupture: An Ocular Emergency In A Free-Standing Emergency Room, Kevin Thomas, Garrett Root 2022 HCA Healthcare

Corneal Ulcer On The Verge Of Rupture: An Ocular Emergency In A Free-Standing Emergency Room, Kevin Thomas, Garrett Root

South Atlantic Division Research Day 2022

No abstract provided.


Role Of Meibum And Tear Phospholipids In The Evaporative Water Loss Associated With Dry Eye., Samiyyah M. Sledge 2021 University of Louisville

Role Of Meibum And Tear Phospholipids In The Evaporative Water Loss Associated With Dry Eye., Samiyyah M. Sledge

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

It is generally believed that the tear film lipid surface film inhibits the rate of evaporation (Revap) of the underlying tear aqueous. It is also generally believed that changes in the composition of the tear film lipid layer is responsible for an increase in Revap in patients with dry eye. Both of these ideas have never been proven. The purpose of the current studies was to test these ideas. Revap was measured in vitro gravimetrically. Lipid spreading was measured using Raman spectroscopy and microscopy. The influence of the following surface films on the Revap of the sub phase of physiologically ...


Frequency Of Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C And Human Immunodeficiency Virus In Patients Undergoing Cataract Surgery, Mahfouth Abdalla Bamashmus, Ahmed Mousa Abdulrahim 2021 Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana’a University

Frequency Of Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C And Human Immunodeficiency Virus In Patients Undergoing Cataract Surgery, Mahfouth Abdalla Bamashmus, Ahmed Mousa Abdulrahim

Hadhramout University Journal of Natural & Applied Sciences

The aim of this study is to assess the frequency of Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV) and Human Immunodeficiency (HIV) viral infections in patients undergoing cataract surgery. This study was conducted among 1,203 patients above the age of 17 years who were scheduled for cataract surgery at Yemen Magrabi Hospital from January 1st, through December 31st, 2012. Patients had investigations for HBV, HCV and HIV and findings were analyzed. The total number of patients screened was 1,203 including 603 (51.1%) males and 600 (49.9%) females. The mean (+SD) age was 59.96 + 12.39 years ...


Klebsiella Pneumoniae Cryptogenic Liver Abscess And Endophthalmitis – A Case Report And Review Of Literature, Mihai Leonard Grecescu, Monica Grecescu, Andreea Smarandache Maria, Cristian Mihai Branescu, Anca Anghelache, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Andreea Cristina Costea 2021 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy

Klebsiella Pneumoniae Cryptogenic Liver Abscess And Endophthalmitis – A Case Report And Review Of Literature, Mihai Leonard Grecescu, Monica Grecescu, Andreea Smarandache Maria, Cristian Mihai Branescu, Anca Anghelache, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Andreea Cristina Costea

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Klebsiella pneumoniae has emerged as the predominant pathogenic agent of liver abscess in Asia, and the incidence is increasing worldwide. Hypervirulent strains are associated with septic metastatic dissemination in the eyes, lungs, and central nervous system, causing severe morbidity. We present the case of a 54year old man, with no previous comorbidities, admitted in emergency for the blind red painful eye. Further investigation documented septic endophthalmitis with transscleral extension and orbital cellulitis. Thoraco-abdominal computed tomography evidenced a hepatic abscess as the locus of the primary infection. Intravenous antibiotherapy with cefuroxime, followed by meropenem and vancomycin were efficient for managing the ...


Oxidative Stress Resistance 1 Gene Therapy Retards Neurodegeneration In The Rd1 Mutant Mouse Model Of Retinopathy, Bhubanananda Sahu, Laura Moreno-Leon, Wei Zhang, Nikita Puranik, Ramesh Periasamy, Hemant Khanna, Michael R. Volkert 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Oxidative Stress Resistance 1 Gene Therapy Retards Neurodegeneration In The Rd1 Mutant Mouse Model Of Retinopathy, Bhubanananda Sahu, Laura Moreno-Leon, Wei Zhang, Nikita Puranik, Ramesh Periasamy, Hemant Khanna, Michael R. Volkert

Open Access Publications by UMass Chan Authors

Purpose: Oxidative stress is a major factor underlying many neurodegenerative diseases. However, antioxidant therapy has had mixed results, possibly because of its indiscriminate activity. The purpose of our study was to determine if the human OXR1 (hOXR1) antioxidant regulatory gene could protect neurons from oxidative stress and delay photoreceptor cell death.

Methods: The cone-like 661W cell line was transfected to stably express the hOXR1 gene. Oxidative stress was induced by the addition of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), caspase cleavage, and cellular resistance to oxidative stress were determined and compared between the control and hOXR1 ...


Optical Coherence Tomography Based Indices In Predicting Functional Outcome Of Macular Hole Surgery: A Retrospective Chart Review, Haroon Tayyab, Rehman Siddiqui, Sana Jahangir, Shiraz Hashmi 2021 Aga Khan University

Optical Coherence Tomography Based Indices In Predicting Functional Outcome Of Macular Hole Surgery: A Retrospective Chart Review, Haroon Tayyab, Rehman Siddiqui, Sana Jahangir, Shiraz Hashmi

Section of Ophthalmology

Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the utility of novel macular hole indices of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and predicting the functional outcome of surgery.
Methods: This was a retrospective chart review of 28 eyes who underwent surgery for idiopathic Full Thickness Macular Hole (FTMH) at The Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH), Karachi from January 2016 to March 2020. Data of preoperative OCTs were recovered from data server of OCT machine. Measurements of the pre-operative OCTs were calculated using caliper function of OCT software by two independent technicians. Parameters included Macular Hole Index (MHI), Traction Hole Index ...


Spontaneous Closure Of Full Thickness Macular Hole In The Presence Of An Epiretinal Membrane In A Vitrectomised Eye: A Case Report, Rehman Siddiqui, Muhammad Umar Fawad, Nida Ahsan 2021 Aga Khan University

Spontaneous Closure Of Full Thickness Macular Hole In The Presence Of An Epiretinal Membrane In A Vitrectomised Eye: A Case Report, Rehman Siddiqui, Muhammad Umar Fawad, Nida Ahsan

Section of Ophthalmology

We report the case of a spontaneous closure of full thickness macular hole (FTMH) in the presence of an epiretinal membrane (ERM) in a previously vitrectomised eye. The patient had undergone vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and developed an ERM two weeks after the surgery, which converted into a FTMH after one week. Eight months after the vitrectomy, spontaneous closure of FTMH was observed with an improvement in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) from 20/200 to 20/40. The patient was followed up for four years, and the FTMH remained closed. Spontaneous closure of FTMH is possible even in the ...


Frequency Of Retinopathy Of Prematurity (Rop) In Infants Screened For Rop: Two Years Follow-Up Results Of A Single Center In Turkey, Adem Ugurlu Erzincan Binali Yıldırım University 2021 Erzincan Binali Yildirim University

Frequency Of Retinopathy Of Prematurity (Rop) In Infants Screened For Rop: Two Years Follow-Up Results Of A Single Center In Turkey, Adem Ugurlu Erzincan Binali Yıldırım University

BioMedicine

Aim: The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in infants referred to our clinic for screening ROP.

Material and Method: The data of 729 infants who were referred to the ROP outpatient clinic of the Ophthalmology Unit of Erzincan Binali Yildirim University, Turkey between April 2018 and March 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The gestational age and weight of the infants, stay in the neonatal intensive care unit, duration of oxygen therapy, and detailed ophthalmologic examination findings were recorded in the study.

Findings and Results: Of the 729 babies screened for ROP ...


Use Of Intravitreal Methotrexate Infusion In Complicated Retinal Detachment For Prevention Of Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy In A Pilot Study, Sana Jahangir, Tehmina Jahangir, Muhammad H. Ali, Qasim Lateef, Uzma Hamza, Haroon Tayyab 2021 Allama Iqbal Medical College/Jinnah Hospital, Lahore, PAK.

Use Of Intravitreal Methotrexate Infusion In Complicated Retinal Detachment For Prevention Of Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy In A Pilot Study, Sana Jahangir, Tehmina Jahangir, Muhammad H. Ali, Qasim Lateef, Uzma Hamza, Haroon Tayyab

Section of Ophthalmology

Objective: The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of per-operative intravitreal methotrexate (MTX) infusion during vitrectomy in patients of retinal detachment (RD) with advanced grade proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR).
Methods: In this prospective interventional case series, we included patients with Grade C PVR, recurrent RD, and open globe trauma. All patients underwent standard single surgeon operated 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with 80mg of MTX in 1000mL of irrigation fluid. All patients were followed up after four months to assess the final status of retinal attachment and visual acuity. Ethical review board permission was sought ...


The Ocular Gene Delivery Landscape, Bhubanananda Sahu, Isha Chug, Hemant Khanna 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Ocular Gene Delivery Landscape, Bhubanananda Sahu, Isha Chug, Hemant Khanna

Open Access Publications by UMass Chan Authors

The eye is at the forefront of developing therapies for genetic diseases. With the FDA approval of the first gene-therapy drug for a form of congenital blindness, numerous studies have been initiated to develop gene therapies for other forms of eye diseases. These examinations have revealed new information about the benefits as well as restrictions to using drug-delivery routes to the different parts of the eye. In this article, we will discuss a brief history of gene therapy and its importance to the eye and ocular delivery landscape that is currently being investigated, and provide insights into their advantages and ...


Predicting The Environmental Suitability For Onchocerciasis In Africa As An Aid To Elimination Planning, Elizabeth A. Cromwell, Joshua C P. Osborne, Thomas R. Unnasch, Maria-Gloria Basáñez, Katherine M. Gass, Kira A. Barbre, Elex Hill, Kimberly B. Johnson, Katie M. Donkers, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta 2021 University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Predicting The Environmental Suitability For Onchocerciasis In Africa As An Aid To Elimination Planning, Elizabeth A. Cromwell, Joshua C P. Osborne, Thomas R. Unnasch, Maria-Gloria Basáñez, Katherine M. Gass, Kira A. Barbre, Elex Hill, Kimberly B. Johnson, Katie M. Donkers, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Centre of Excellence in Women and Child Health

Recent evidence suggests that, in some foci, elimination of onchocerciasis from Africa may be feasible with mass drug administration (MDA) of ivermectin. To achieve continental elimination of transmission, mapping surveys will need to be conducted across all implementation units (IUs) for which endemicity status is currently unknown. Using boosted regression tree models with optimised hyperparameter selection, we estimated environmental suitability for onchocerciasis at the 5 × 5-km resolution across Africa. In order to classify IUs that include locations that are environmentally suitable, we used receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis to identify an optimal threshold for suitability concordant with locations where onchocerciasis ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress