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Diet, Kidney Stones And Kidney Failure, lynda frassetto 2017 UCSF

Diet, Kidney Stones And Kidney Failure, Lynda Frassetto

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


P35. Investigating The Effect Of Maternal Immune Activation On Sensory Filtering, Social Behaviour And Attention, Faraj Haddad 2017 Western University

P35. Investigating The Effect Of Maternal Immune Activation On Sensory Filtering, Social Behaviour And Attention, Faraj Haddad

Western Research Forum

Background

Altered brain development is associated with many neuropsychiatric disorders like Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and schizophrenia. Environmental insults can interfere with neurodevelopment, and a prominent example is maternal infection during pregnancy. Epidemiological studies show that children born to mothers who were infected during pregnancy display a higher risk of developing ASD and schizophrenia, and this effect is mainly due to the maternal immune response. Polyinosinic-polycytidilic acid (Poly I:C) is a double stranded RNA molecule that mimics viral markers and elicits an immune response. When injected in pregnant rodents, this model produces offspring that exhibit core symptoms of ASD ...


The Precautionary Principle And Radiation Protection, Kenneth L. Mossman, Gary E. Marchant 2017 University of New Hampshire

The Precautionary Principle And Radiation Protection, Kenneth L. Mossman, Gary E. Marchant

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The authors examine the application of the precautionary principle through a case study of ionizing radiation control and suggest a reevaluation of current radiation safety standards and practices.


How Should Governments Address High Levels Of Natural Radiation And Radon--Lessons From The Chernobyl Nuclear Accident And Ramsar, Iran, S. M. Javad Mortazavi, M. Ghiassi-nejad, Azam Niroomand-rad, P. Andrew Karam, John R. Cameron 2017 University of New Hampshire

How Should Governments Address High Levels Of Natural Radiation And Radon--Lessons From The Chernobyl Nuclear Accident And Ramsar, Iran, S. M. Javad Mortazavi, M. Ghiassi-Nejad, Azam Niroomand-Rad, P. Andrew Karam, John R. Cameron

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The authors discuss the high levels of natural background radiation in Ramsar, Iran, and offer data indicating that this has had little effect on the health of Ramsar's inhabitants. The authors then examine the implications their research could have for public health policy.


Workplace Pollution: Nuclear Safety, Ethics, And The Exploitation--Avoidance Argument, Kristin Shrader-Frechette 2017 University of New Hampshire

Workplace Pollution: Nuclear Safety, Ethics, And The Exploitation--Avoidance Argument, Kristin Shrader-Frechette

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The author reviews evidence of poor worker health and safety practices in United States Department of Energy nuclear facilities in contending that less protective standards for workplace hazards constitute an environmental injustice not rectified by a hazard pay premium.


Public Reaction To Mandated Language For U.S. Drinking Water Quality Reports, Branden B. Johnson 2017 University of New Hampshire

Public Reaction To Mandated Language For U.S. Drinking Water Quality Reports, Branden B. Johnson

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The author discusses results of a survey evaluating the mandated language for United States drinking water quality reports.


Risk Communication, The Hanford Thyroid Disease Study And Draft Reports, Sharon M. Friedman 2017 University of New Hampshire

Risk Communication, The Hanford Thyroid Disease Study And Draft Reports, Sharon M. Friedman

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The author reviews the release of the draft Hanford Thyroid Disease Study as a case study in risk communication problems arising from public disclosure of draft reports.


Over A Decade Of Comparative Risk Analysis: A Review Of The Human Health Rankings, David M. Konisky 2017 University of New Hampshire

Over A Decade Of Comparative Risk Analysis: A Review Of The Human Health Rankings, David M. Konisky

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The author reviews a method for undertaking a cross-project comparison of comparative risk analyses to understand which environmental problem areas have been cited most as often posing the severest risks.


Contrasting Treatments Of Recall Bias In Two Epidemiological Settings, Daniel Barry 2017 University of New Hampshire

Contrasting Treatments Of Recall Bias In Two Epidemiological Settings, Daniel Barry

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The author contrasts the treatment of recall bias in the literature on induced abortions and breast cancer, and on environmental tobacco smoke and lung cancer.


Longitudinal Changes In Neurodevelopmental Outcomes Between 18 And 36 Months In Children With Prenatal Triptan Exposure: Findings From The Norwegian Mother And Child Cohort Study, Mollie E. Wood, Jean A. Frazier, Hedvig M.E. Nordeng, Kate L. Lapane 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Longitudinal Changes In Neurodevelopmental Outcomes Between 18 And 36 Months In Children With Prenatal Triptan Exposure: Findings From The Norwegian Mother And Child Cohort Study, Mollie E. Wood, Jean A. Frazier, Hedvig M.E. Nordeng, Kate L. Lapane

Jean A. Frazier

OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine whether changes in neurodevelopmental outcomes between 18 and 36 months of age were associated with prenatal exposure to triptan medications, a class of 5-HT receptor agonists used in the treatment of migraine. METHOD: Using data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, a prospective birth cohort that includes nearly 40% of all pregnancies in Norway from 1999 to 2008, we identified 50 469 mother-child dyads who met inclusion criteria and were present for at least one follow-up assessment at 18 or 36 months postpartum. Neurodevelopment was assessed using the Child Behaviour Checklist, the ...


Tricresyl Phosphate Neurotoxicity Potential, George William Sherk 2017 University of New Hampshire

Tricresyl Phosphate Neurotoxicity Potential, George William Sherk

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Mr. Sherk discusses the potential effects of ongoing human exposure to ordinary doses of neurotoxicants.


Media Coverage Of Epa's Draft Dioxin Reassessment Report, Sharon M. Friedman, Megan A. Fitzpatrick, Brenda P. Egolf 2016 University of New Hampshire

Media Coverage Of Epa's Draft Dioxin Reassessment Report, Sharon M. Friedman, Megan A. Fitzpatrick, Brenda P. Egolf

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Using content analysis, the authors examine the utility of news media in democratic decision making.


Why Do We Worry About Trace Poisons?, Allan Mazur 2016 University of New Hampshire

Why Do We Worry About Trace Poisons?, Allan Mazur

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Dr. Mazur relates how protests by the political left against nuclear tests and by the political right against fluoridation set the stage for Silent Spring to move the public toward being concerned about latent risks.


Fish Advisories: Useful Or Difficult To Interpret?, Joanna Burger, Michael Gochfeld 2016 University of New Hampshire

Fish Advisories: Useful Or Difficult To Interpret?, Joanna Burger, Michael Gochfeld

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The authors note that fish and shellfish offer significant exposure to environmental toxins but find that consumer knowledge and other factors may limit efforts to control risk in urban populations.


[Review Of] Elizabeth M. Whelan, Toxic Terror: The Truth Behind The Cancer Scares, Sarah Redfield 2016 University of New Hampshire

[Review Of] Elizabeth M. Whelan, Toxic Terror: The Truth Behind The Cancer Scares, Sarah Redfield

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Review of: Elizabeth M. Whelan, Toxic Terror: The Truth Behind the Cancer Scares (Prometheus Books 1993). Acknowledgements, appendix, figures, foreword by Norman F. Borlaug, index, notes tables. LC 92-34154; ISBN 0-87975-788-4. [476 pp. Cloth $26.95. 59 John Glenn Drive, Buffalo NY 14228-2197.]


The Media, Risk Assessment And Numbers: They Don't Add Up, Sharon M. Friedman 2016 University of New Hampshire

The Media, Risk Assessment And Numbers: They Don't Add Up, Sharon M. Friedman

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Professor Friedman argues that, for risks to be reported accurately, journalism educators must help their students understand science, numbers and statistics.


[Review Of] National Research Council, Issues In Risk Assessment, Diane M. Albert 2016 University of New Hampshire

[Review Of] National Research Council, Issues In Risk Assessment, Diane M. Albert

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Review of: National Research Council, Issues in Risk Assessment (National Academy Press). Appendices, executive summary, figures, preface, references, tables. LC 92-61838; ISBN 0-309-04786-2. [374 pp. Paper $37.50 - S&H, $4 for first and $0.50 for each additional copy. 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington DC 20418.]


[Review Of] M. Stuart Madden, Toxic Torts Deskbook, Laura Marron 2016 University of New Hampshire

[Review Of] M. Stuart Madden, Toxic Torts Deskbook, Laura Marron

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

M. Stuart Madden, Toxic Torts Deskbook (Lewis Publishers 1992). Acknowledgements, case index, general index, notes, preface. LC 91-48238; ISBN 0- 87371-508-X. [230 pp. Cloth $69.95 domestic, $84.00 elsewhere. 2000 Corporate Boulevard, NW, Boca Raton FL 33431.]Review of:


Coping With The Risk Of Cancer In Children Living Near Power Lines, Eileen N. Abt 2016 University of New Hampshire

Coping With The Risk Of Cancer In Children Living Near Power Lines, Eileen N. Abt

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Ms. Abt briefly summarizes evidence linking power lines with a possible increase in risk of childhood cancer. She also recounts how, although many experts remain skeptical of causality, public fears, whether or not warranted, have themselves created serious problems. Finally, she proposes ways to address those problems.


Fertile Women May Now Apply: Fetal Protection Policies After Johnson Controls, Barbara Ruhe Grumet 2016 University of New Hampshire

Fertile Women May Now Apply: Fetal Protection Policies After Johnson Controls, Barbara Ruhe Grumet

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

In its recent interpretation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the U.S. Supreme Court leaves little room for permissible occupational sex discrimination. However, its decision has wider implications. Here, Professor Grumet takes a look at some of them from both a legal and a social perspective, including matters such as employees' reproductive freedom and employers' potential liability for a variety of possible injuries to employees' offspring.


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