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Full-Text Articles in Rehabilitation and Therapy

Shall We Dance: A Parkinson’S Dance-Based Program, Rebecca Zawodny, Anne H. Boddy Oct 2019

Shall We Dance: A Parkinson’S Dance-Based Program, Rebecca Zawodny, Anne H. Boddy

St. Augustine, Fall 2018

This poster presents the implementation of a community-based dance program for individuals diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease.

Dance interventions for individuals with PD are shown to be superior to exercise for improving balance and mobility5,6,7 thus, effectively addressing both motor as well non-motor symptoms such as depression, fear, anxiety, and declined self-efficacy.8,9,10 Further positive effects include improved flexibility and coordination7,11 and forced-use of the senses of sight, sound, and touch to assist with movement and balance.12 The use of choreography further allows for the rehearsal of movement sequences, new motor skill learning ...


The Sensoryfun! Toolkit: A Bilingual Resource For Parents & Caregivers, Nicolette D'Esposito, Yvette Lozano, Natalie Carrillo, Sarah Pashby May 2019

The Sensoryfun! Toolkit: A Bilingual Resource For Parents & Caregivers, Nicolette D'Esposito, Yvette Lozano, Natalie Carrillo, Sarah Pashby

Occupational Therapy | Graduate Capstone Projects

A sensory diet is an occupational therapy (OT) intervention strategy. Sensory diets are specifically designed to meet a child's sensory integration needs. Sensory diets are not standardized among practitioners and there are a limited number of resources available for individuals that do not have a clinical background. The lack of easy to understand resources for parents and caregivers creates several barriers for occupational therapists working with families with children experiencing sensory processing difficulties. One barrier is that there are few resources available in Spanish. The purpose of this project was to develop a resource for parents and caregivers using ...


Occupational Responses Of Older Adults Following Partner Loss, Carol Huang, Jane Song, Peter Behr, Stephanie Sterner May 2019

Occupational Responses Of Older Adults Following Partner Loss, Carol Huang, Jane Song, Peter Behr, Stephanie Sterner

Occupational Therapy | Graduate Capstone Projects

Spousal loss has been frequently identified as a life stressor that can greatly impede one’s ability to age at home. The purpose of this study is to identify the occupational changes that commonly result after this event and their impacts on one’s ability to age in place. This study utilized a qualitative phenomenological research design. Eight participants were recruited from an educational program for older adults and were interviewed using a semi-structured interview format. Researchers transcribed and coded all interviews to determine emergent themes. Two major categories of themes were found: occupational and intrinsic responses. The areas of ...


Physiological Responses Of Adults With Sensory Over-Responsiveness, Catherine Anne Datu, Nicholas Wing Or, Megan Melody Valentine, Megan Jeanne Velcich May 2019

Physiological Responses Of Adults With Sensory Over-Responsiveness, Catherine Anne Datu, Nicholas Wing Or, Megan Melody Valentine, Megan Jeanne Velcich

Occupational Therapy | Graduate Capstone Projects

The purpose of this research study is to identify if there are physiological response patterns associated with self-reported sensory over-responsiveness (SOR) in typical adults. SOR is the most common sensory modulation disorder and negatively affects the daily experiences of those that report SOR. The first phase of the study consisted of phone interviews where participants were screened for any potential characteristics that could affect physiological function. Then, the SRQ and AASP were used in conjunction to identify low and high SOR, typical adults. The last phase utilized the Sensory Challenge Protocol, which is both standardized and randomized, to expose participants ...


A Sensory-Based Program To Enhance Occupational Performance For Dementia, Ivy Annahi Torres-Flores, Jacob Gantan, Heather Anne August, Naomi Grace Wong May 2019

A Sensory-Based Program To Enhance Occupational Performance For Dementia, Ivy Annahi Torres-Flores, Jacob Gantan, Heather Anne August, Naomi Grace Wong

Occupational Therapy | Graduate Capstone Projects

Dementia is a neurological disease, causing behavioral and cognitive symptoms, that progressively impairs an individual’s ability to engage in meaningful activities. Progressive deterioration associated with dementia impacts occupational performance and independence and quality of life. Sensory based interventions, such as drumming groups, have been hypothesized to be a non-pharmacological intervention for individuals with dementia. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of a sensory based intervention program, in this case participation in a drumming group, on functional engagement during self-feeding for individuals with dementia. Researchers gathered data over the course of two days using the Functional ...


Transition In Occupations Of Refugees During Resettlement, Jacqueline-Elizabeth Cantrell, Kimberley K. Banuelos, Adam Chan, Jennifer H. Daine May 2019

Transition In Occupations Of Refugees During Resettlement, Jacqueline-Elizabeth Cantrell, Kimberley K. Banuelos, Adam Chan, Jennifer H. Daine

Occupational Therapy | Graduate Capstone Projects

Purpose: In 2016, there were 22.5 million refugees worldwide (UNHCR, 2017). California resettled just over 5,000 of those 85,000 (Igielnik & Krogstad, 2017). Limited research has been conducted in the United States (U.S.) focusing on the refugee experience; furthermore, there is a significant gap in research regarding the impact of the refugee experience on the occupations of refugees as they transition to living in the U.S. Smith (2012) explored the adaptation of cultural weaving among Karen refugees to maintain their previous occupations and the impact of daily weaving on their lives within Western culture; however, the study focused only on work occupations. This study sought to capture the experience of refugees and the impact ...


Exploratory Application Of A Sensory Activity Schedule In Head Start Preschool, Marian Perez, Elaine Wong, Michelle Perryman May 2019

Exploratory Application Of A Sensory Activity Schedule In Head Start Preschool, Marian Perez, Elaine Wong, Michelle Perryman

Occupational Therapy | Graduate Capstone Projects

Objective: The objective of this research is to determine whether the implementation of sensory activity schedule in a preschool classroom can increase the on-task behaviors of the students.

Methods: Three students were recruited to participate in a quantitative multiple single subject design with qualitative follow-up study. The participants performed sensorimotor activities before circle time and were monitored for frequency of their off-task behavior using a time sampling frequency data collection. Afterwards, the head teacher was interviewed to discuss the experience.

Results: Off-task behavior decreased from baseline on all three children, which supports the efficacy of sensory activity schedule in reducing ...


Dating For College Students In The San Francisco Bay Area, Justin Pring, Cristina Cummings, Gabriela Saucedo, Cathy Lynn Gonzales May 2019

Dating For College Students In The San Francisco Bay Area, Justin Pring, Cristina Cummings, Gabriela Saucedo, Cathy Lynn Gonzales

Occupational Therapy | Graduate Capstone Projects

Dating is a widely practiced occupation by many individuals, especially the emerging adult, college student population. The primary objective of this research study was to develop a greater understanding of San Francisco (SF) Bay Area college students’ perception, practice, and occupational impact of dating. Phenomenological interviews were conducted with seven college students living in the SF Bay Area. Three themes emerged: the dating process, internal and external factors that influence dating, and personal growth from dating experiences. The data revealed that the emerging adult, college student population values dating and believes it can significantly impact their own development. However, this ...


The Impact Of Fall Efficacy On Occupational Performance In Community-Dwelling Older Adults, Michelle Fong, Araya Moua, Erin Denola, Merit Franklin May 2019

The Impact Of Fall Efficacy On Occupational Performance In Community-Dwelling Older Adults, Michelle Fong, Araya Moua, Erin Denola, Merit Franklin

Occupational Therapy | Graduate Capstone Projects

Falls are a major health concern in the older adult (OA) population. While there is research on falls and their prevention, research on how low fall efficacy (FE) impacts the occupational engagement of the OA population is limited. FE is defined as the confidence a person has in his/her ability to complete a task without falling (Tinetti & Powell, 1993). A qualitative study was conducted using a phenomenological approach to explore the lived experiences of OAs with low FE and the impact on occupational performance. Participants who scored ≤ 6 on the Modified Fall Efficacy Scale (MFES) engaged in a semi-structured ...


Executive Function And Motor Skills In Preschool Children, Meggin Kelley Apr 2019

Executive Function And Motor Skills In Preschool Children, Meggin Kelley

Distinction Papers

The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of a short-term motor program on the executive function and motor skills in preschool children utilizing a Pretest and Post test design. The present study was designed with two periods of program intervention- once in the fall and once in the spring. It was hypothesized that a 10-week motor intervention would demonstrate positive motor and executive function gains in the experimental (motor) group. Children ranging from 4 to 6 years of age participated in this study. Baseline motor and executive function scores were obtained during the Pretest phase. Subsequently ...


How Professional Physical Therapist Education Programs Develop Cultural Competence Within Their Students: An Exploratory Concurrent Mixed Methods Study, Dustin E. Domingo Apr 2019

How Professional Physical Therapist Education Programs Develop Cultural Competence Within Their Students: An Exploratory Concurrent Mixed Methods Study, Dustin E. Domingo

Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this exploratory concurrent mixed methods study was to describe experiences that shape the factors of cultural intelligence (CQ) as perceived by students of professional physical therapist education programs. In addition, it was the purpose of this study to determine whether any particular factor of cultural intelligence influenced one’s overall cultural competence according to the cultural competence continuum by Cross et al. (1989).

Methodology: Students in a professional physical therapist education program completed a questionnaire, which included Likert scale questions, open ended questions, and a 37-item self-assessment based on the expanded cultural intelligence scale by Van ...


Exploring The Outcomes Of Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy To Treat Urinary Incontinence 2 Years Post Prostatectomy: A Retrospective Case Report, Kathleen T. O'Loughlin Apr 2019

Exploring The Outcomes Of Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy To Treat Urinary Incontinence 2 Years Post Prostatectomy: A Retrospective Case Report, Kathleen T. O'Loughlin

GSU Research Day

Background and Purpose: The purpose of this poster is to investigate the effects of pelvic floor physical therapy (PFPT) on urinary incontinence (UI) in an individual 2 years post radical prostatectomy (RP). This information is essential to developing a body of literature guides future treatment of men in this patient population.

Case Description: The subject was a 57-year-old male with UI and pelvic floor hypertonicity 2 years post RP secondary to prostate cancer. He was treated in an outpatient physical therapy clinic using PFPT for a total of 7 weeks.

Outcomes: The resting tone of the subject’s pelvic floor ...


The Use Of Mechanical Diagnosis And Treatment And Physical Therapy Intervention In A 31-Year-Old Female With Low Back Pain After A Motor Vehicle Accident: A Retrospective Case Report, Brianna Fields Apr 2019

The Use Of Mechanical Diagnosis And Treatment And Physical Therapy Intervention In A 31-Year-Old Female With Low Back Pain After A Motor Vehicle Accident: A Retrospective Case Report, Brianna Fields

GSU Research Day

ABSTRACT

Background/Purpose: Over 2 million people in the United States are injured each year in motor vehicle accidents (MVA) and experience subsequent low back pain (LBP). The purpose of this retrospective case report is to present the evidence and clinical reasoning behind a Mechanical Diagnosis and Treatment (MDT)-based physical therapy plan of care for a patient with LBP post-MVA.

Case Description: The patient was a 31-year-old African-American female with LBP after a MVA. The patient’s goals for physical therapy were to reduce pain with functional activities such as sitting, standing, walking, and return to pain-free function in ...


Physical Therapy Clinical Decision Making, Intervention, And Outcomes Of A Patient With Cervicogenic Dizziness: A Retrospective Case Report, Melissa Koehl, Roberta O'Shea Apr 2019

Physical Therapy Clinical Decision Making, Intervention, And Outcomes Of A Patient With Cervicogenic Dizziness: A Retrospective Case Report, Melissa Koehl, Roberta O'Shea

GSU Research Day

Background and Purpose: Cervicogenic dizziness (CGD) is believed to be a result of altered proprioception secondary to cervical spine pain and/or dysfunction...There currently are no validated clinical tests or clinical prediction rules to accurately identify CGD, however, there are published physical therapy clinical decision-making guidelines available. This retrospective case report describes the use of published guidelines to aid clinical decision-making regarding the physical therapy examination, interventions, and outcomes of a patient with CGD.

Case Description: The patient was a 66-year old woman referred to PT with the medical diagnosis of dizziness. A detailed history and thorough examination revealed ...


Sanism And Mad Pride: Critical Perspectives On Mental Health, Karen Mccarthy, Bianca Doherty Apr 2019

Sanism And Mad Pride: Critical Perspectives On Mental Health, Karen Mccarthy, Bianca Doherty

Karen McCarthy

The issue of stigma surrounding mental health has received increasing attention within occupational therapy, however, the focus has been primarily limited to the individual(s) being stigmatized, rather than on the underlying processes that create and maintain stigma. This presentation will explore the concept of ‘sanism’ as a system of thought that provides a foundation upon which stigma is maintained against persons labelled with a mental health diagnosis. The Mad Pride movement will also be discussed as an alternative perspective of mental health and a way to combat the sanism and the negative impacts of stigma.


How To Pioneer Occupational Therapy In College Campuses, Rashelle Nagata, Grace Ho, Karen Mccarthy, Tracy Jalaba Apr 2019

How To Pioneer Occupational Therapy In College Campuses, Rashelle Nagata, Grace Ho, Karen Mccarthy, Tracy Jalaba

Karen McCarthy

Discover why occupational therapy practitioners should be employed on college campuses, what it would take to build a program or position, and how you can demonstrate your unique value as an occupational therapy practitioner.


Vision Rehabilitation Impacting Return To Occupation After Post-Concussion Syndrome, Joe Kardine, Ms, Otr/L Apr 2019

Vision Rehabilitation Impacting Return To Occupation After Post-Concussion Syndrome, Joe Kardine, Ms, Otr/L

Department of Occupational Therapy Posters and Presentations

Vision rehabilitation is an emerging use of efficient occupation-based intervention in occupational therapy for vision impairment after concussion. Public awareness of untreated concussions has led to more patients seeking treatment for symptom remediation. Efficient interpretations of comprehensive vision evaluations followed by incorporation of vision therapy to treatment improve performance outcomes, increase patient quality of life and ensure compliance of intervention.


Critically Appraised Paper: A Multicenter, Randomized Controlled Trial Of Individualized Occupational Therapy For Patients With Schizophrenia In Japan, Pari Kumar, Bs, Mary Muhlenhaupt, Otd, Otr/L, Faota Apr 2019

Critically Appraised Paper: A Multicenter, Randomized Controlled Trial Of Individualized Occupational Therapy For Patients With Schizophrenia In Japan, Pari Kumar, Bs, Mary Muhlenhaupt, Otd, Otr/L, Faota

Department of Occupational Therapy Posters and Presentations

  • Based on the article "A multicenter, randomized controlled trial of individualized OT for patients with schizophrenia in Japan," by Shimada, et al.
  • Results suggest that combining individual OT with group OT can improve cognition, intrinsic motivation, medication adherence, and treabnent satisfaction for individuals with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder.
  • These findings have implications for OTs working in psychiatric settings.


Cultural Arts Access For Children With Disabilities Via Sensory Friendly Theater, Caroline Umeda Apr 2019

Cultural Arts Access For Children With Disabilities Via Sensory Friendly Theater, Caroline Umeda

Occupational Therapy | Faculty Conference Presentations

This qualitative study investigated parent and organization experiences of a sensory friendly theater program. I will report key findings including meaningful and capacity building experiences of parents of children with disabilities and theater staff. This research illustrated the potential of sensory friendly theater and organization-level occupational therapy consultation to promote community participation at population levels and build organizational capacity in the access realm.


Trends In Rates Of Asia Impairment Scale Conversion In Traumatic Complete Spinal Cord Injury, R. Marino, M. Leff, D. Cardenas, D. Chen, S. Kirshblum, B. Leiby Apr 2019

Trends In Rates Of Asia Impairment Scale Conversion In Traumatic Complete Spinal Cord Injury, R. Marino, M. Leff, D. Cardenas, D. Chen, S. Kirshblum, B. Leiby

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine Posters

Objective: Recent studies on conversion of ASIA Impairment Scale (AIS) grades report higher rates of conversion than older studies. The purpose of this study is to examine the rate of conversion over time in persons with ASIA Impairment Scale (AIS) grade A spinal cord injury (SCI), accounting for level of injury.

Methods: Subjects were injured between 1995 and 2015, enrolled in the National SCI Database as Day-1 admissions, at least 16 years old at the time of injury, classified as AIS A, and had an initial examination within 2 weeks of injury. Change in AIS grade was determined for subjects ...


Addressing Chronic Homelessness & Mental/Behavioral Health Needs In The Community: Collaborative Level Ii Fieldwork And Doctoral Experiential Programming, Tina M. Deangelis, Edd, Otr/L, Josephine Beker, Ots, Eliza Brooks, Ots, Rebecca Brown, Ots, Jonette Ishmael, Ots, Alex Manwaring, Ots, Jennifer Merz, Ots, Erin Schifferdecker, Ots, Cerissa Zenor Clark, Ots Apr 2019

Addressing Chronic Homelessness & Mental/Behavioral Health Needs In The Community: Collaborative Level Ii Fieldwork And Doctoral Experiential Programming, Tina M. Deangelis, Edd, Otr/L, Josephine Beker, Ots, Eliza Brooks, Ots, Rebecca Brown, Ots, Jonette Ishmael, Ots, Alex Manwaring, Ots, Jennifer Merz, Ots, Erin Schifferdecker, Ots, Cerissa Zenor Clark, Ots

Department of Occupational Therapy Posters and Presentations

OT students worked with a diverse population in a variety of living environments including permanent supportive housing, and safe havens.


A Visual Exploration Of Walking In Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (Mtbi), Bryana Popa Apr 2019

A Visual Exploration Of Walking In Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (Mtbi), Bryana Popa

OHSU-PSU School of Public Health Annual Conference

Visual exploration of the environment is vital for safe and effective walking, and is influenced by cognitive load. Eye movement deficits can occur following mTBI and may impact visual exploration when walking, leading to issues with mobility. This study aims to examine visual exploration when walking under single and dual-task in mTBI and controls.

Sixteen people with mTBI (Age: 30.1±12.8 yrs, days since injury: 39.5±21.7) and 10 healthy controls (Age: 26.3±5.2 yrs) walked for 1 minute while wearing a mobile eye tracker under single and dual-task conditions. The primary outcome was ...


Comparing The Effects Of Tissue Flossing And Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization On Ankle Dorsiflexion, Sean Carlson, Garrett Rife, Zachary Williams Apr 2019

Comparing The Effects Of Tissue Flossing And Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization On Ankle Dorsiflexion, Sean Carlson, Garrett Rife, Zachary Williams

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the claimed effects of a new technique called Tissue Flossing and compare those effects with Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization, or IASTM. Background: Tissue flossing is a relatively new technique that utilizes a large rubber band that is wrapped around the involved joint. Once applied, range of motion exercises are completed, and the band is removed. The goal is to increase joint range of motion. IASTM involves using a specialized tool to scrape an effected muscle or tendon of the body. The goal is to reduce any adhesions or scar tissue ...


Plantar Fasciitis: Steroid Injections Vs. Prp Injections, Abigail R. Snyder Apr 2019

Plantar Fasciitis: Steroid Injections Vs. Prp Injections, Abigail R. Snyder

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Plantar fasciitis is a common complaint of many people at some point throughout their lifetime. The aim of this presentation is to provide an in-depth clinical review and comparison of two treatment options for chronic plantar fasciitis; steroid injections and platelet-rich plasma injections. Acute cases of plantar fasciitis are caused by inflammation of the plantar fascia of the foot. Therefore, common initial treatments include stretching of the calf muscle, stretching of the plantar fascia itself, rest, use of night splints, and orthotics. However, for some people these conservative treatments fail. In those situations, the pain is assumed to be caused ...


The Art And Process Of Wood Carving As A Meaningful Occupation, Jennifer Fortuna Apr 2019

The Art And Process Of Wood Carving As A Meaningful Occupation, Jennifer Fortuna

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Leonard G. Trujillo, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, occupational therapy professor and chair emeritus based in North Carolina, provided the cover art for The Spring 2019 issue of The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy (OJOT). The piece, titled “Life’s Struggles,” is a relief carving made from butternut wood. Dr. Trujillo enjoys carving lifelike images that depict previous travels and his love of nature. His carvings are sculpted from a solid plank of wood, yet they provide the illusion of a three-dimensional form. Dr. Trujillo’s body of work reflects a lifetime of learning and engagement in the art and process ...


Low Income And Stroke Rehabilitation: A Tale Of Two Clients, Sarah Bernard, Katrine Sauvé-Schenk, Mary Egan Apr 2019

Low Income And Stroke Rehabilitation: A Tale Of Two Clients, Sarah Bernard, Katrine Sauvé-Schenk, Mary Egan

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

No abstract provided.


Occupational Therapy Practice With Adults With Intellectual Disability: What More Can We Do?, Khalilah R. Johnson, Meghan Blaskowitz, Wanda J. Mahoney Apr 2019

Occupational Therapy Practice With Adults With Intellectual Disability: What More Can We Do?, Khalilah R. Johnson, Meghan Blaskowitz, Wanda J. Mahoney

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

No abstract provided.


An Occupation-Based Approach To Management Of Concussion: Guidelines For Practice, Christina Finn Apr 2019

An Occupation-Based Approach To Management Of Concussion: Guidelines For Practice, Christina Finn

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Concussion and the cumulative effects of repetitive head trauma have become a growing health concern both in the mainstream media and in the health care community. Although symptoms of concussion are not always outwardly visible, evidence suggests that post-concussion symptoms may interfere with an individual’s ability to work, play, and participate in school. In the past, the recommendations following concussion emphasized a complete rest approach, whereas current approaches focus on a gradual engagement in functional activities shortly after the injury. Since current recommendations are focused on a gradual engagement in occupation and activity, occupational therapy may be a valuable ...


Role-Play As An Effective Way To Teach Relationship Building With Telehealth, Lynn Mcivor, Michele Karnes Apr 2019

Role-Play As An Effective Way To Teach Relationship Building With Telehealth, Lynn Mcivor, Michele Karnes

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Telehealth has been described in the literature as an emerging niche for occupational therapists. The profession needs to move toward cost-effective and efficient ways to provide services while not adding to the increasing cost of health care, and one way of doing this is through telehealth. The research supports the importance of the therapeutic relationship, and that telehealth changes how we develop this bond; however, the literature does not provide educators with information on how to teach this to students. The purpose of this article is to highlight the potential of using role-play to educate students on how to develop ...


Age Of First Drink, First Alcohol Intoxication, And Alcohol Abuse Behaviors Among Occupational Therapy Students, Randy P. Mccombie Apr 2019

Age Of First Drink, First Alcohol Intoxication, And Alcohol Abuse Behaviors Among Occupational Therapy Students, Randy P. Mccombie

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

The purpose of the present study was to examine alcohol use behaviors among a national sample of occupational therapy students. Survey instruments, including the AUDIT and a checklist of risky and unprofessional behaviors related to alcohol abuse, were mailed to 1,000 occupational therapy students randomly selected from membership in the American Occupational Therapy Association. Surveys were returned by 309 student members; however, 24 indicated they were not currently occupational therapy students. Of the 285 participants, 97% reported drinking alcohol at some point over the previous year, with 1 in 5 drinking two or more times a week, often consuming ...