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Endocrine System Diseases Commons

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A Predictive Model For Lack Of Partial Clinical Remission In New-Onset Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes, Katherine R. Marino, Rachel L. Lundberg, Aastha Jasrotia, Louise Maranda, Michael J. Thompson, Bruce A. Barton, Laura C. Alonso, Benjamin U. Nwosu 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Predictive Model For Lack Of Partial Clinical Remission In New-Onset Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes, Katherine R. Marino, Rachel L. Lundberg, Aastha Jasrotia, Louise Maranda, Michael J. Thompson, Bruce A. Barton, Laura C. Alonso, Benjamin U. Nwosu

Benjamin U. Nwosu

IMPORTANCE: >50% of patients with new-onset type 1 diabetes (T1D) do not enter partial clinical remission (PCR); early identification of these patients may improve initial glycemic control and reduce long-term complications. AIM: To determine whether routinely obtainable clinical parameters predict non-remission in children and adolescents with new-onset T1D. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data on remission were collected for the first 36 months of disease in 204 subjects of ages 2-14 years with new-onset type 1 diabetes. There were 86 remitters (age 9.1±3.0y; male 57%), and 118 non-remitters (age 7.0±3.1y; male 40.7%). PCR was defined ...


A Predictive Model For Lack Of Partial Clinical Remission In New-Onset Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes, Katherine R. Marino, Rachel L. Lundberg, Aastha Jasrotia, Louise Maranda, Michael J. Thompson, Bruce A. Barton, Laura C. Alonso, Benjamin U. Nwosu 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Predictive Model For Lack Of Partial Clinical Remission In New-Onset Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes, Katherine R. Marino, Rachel L. Lundberg, Aastha Jasrotia, Louise Maranda, Michael J. Thompson, Bruce A. Barton, Laura C. Alonso, Benjamin U. Nwosu

Endocrinology/Diabetes

IMPORTANCE: >50% of patients with new-onset type 1 diabetes (T1D) do not enter partial clinical remission (PCR); early identification of these patients may improve initial glycemic control and reduce long-term complications.

AIM: To determine whether routinely obtainable clinical parameters predict non-remission in children and adolescents with new-onset T1D.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data on remission were collected for the first 36 months of disease in 204 subjects of ages 2-14 years with new-onset type 1 diabetes. There were 86 remitters (age 9.1±3.0y; male 57%), and 118 non-remitters (age 7.0±3.1y; male 40.7%). PCR was defined ...


Type 1 Diabetes And Eating Disorders: The Importance Of Healthcare Provider Knowledge Of Eating Disorders In Type 1 Diabetes, Breanna Young 2017 University of Wyoming

Type 1 Diabetes And Eating Disorders: The Importance Of Healthcare Provider Knowledge Of Eating Disorders In Type 1 Diabetes, Breanna Young

Honors Theses AY 16/17

Type 1 diabetes affects more than 3 million people in the United States and the rate of incidence is increasing on a global level (Atkinson, 2014). The diagnosis of type 1 diabetes often occurs prior to or during adolescence and the disease requires a high level of self-management. Adolescence is a challenging time for many adolescents especially in regards to body changes, weight gain and body image. Due to the added burden surrounding food with type 1 diabetes, disordered eating is more likely to occur. The rate of eating disorders in individuals with type 1 diabetes is as much as ...


The Interactive Effect Of Diabetes Family Conflict And Depression On Insulin Bolusing Behaviors For Youth., Genevieve Maliszewski, Susana R. Patton, L Kurt Midyett, Mark A. Clements 2017 Children's Mercy Hospital

The Interactive Effect Of Diabetes Family Conflict And Depression On Insulin Bolusing Behaviors For Youth., Genevieve Maliszewski, Susana R. Patton, L Kurt Midyett, Mark A. Clements

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVE: Adherence to type 1 diabetes management declines as children enter adolescence. For youth, psychosocial variables including mood and interpersonal relationships play a large role in diabetes maintenance. The current study assessed the unique and interactive roles diabetes family conflict and depression have on insulin bolusing behaviors for youth ages 10-16 years.

METHODS: Ninety-one youth-parent dyads completed a survey assessing family conflict and depression. Mean daily blood glucose levels, mealtime insulin bolus scores ( BOLUS), and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were collected from the medical record as outcome variables.

RESULTS: Parent-reported diabetes-related family conflict and youths' endorsed depression both significantly predicted insulin ...


Qt Prolongation Is Associated With Increased Mortality In End Stage Liver Disease, Sun Moon Kim, Bennet George, Diego Alcivar-Franco, Charles L. Campbell, Richard Charnigo, Brian P. Delisle, Jonathan Hundley, Yousef Darrat, Gustavo Morales, Samy-Claude Elayi, Alison L. Bailey 2017 University of Kentucky

Qt Prolongation Is Associated With Increased Mortality In End Stage Liver Disease, Sun Moon Kim, Bennet George, Diego Alcivar-Franco, Charles L. Campbell, Richard Charnigo, Brian P. Delisle, Jonathan Hundley, Yousef Darrat, Gustavo Morales, Samy-Claude Elayi, Alison L. Bailey

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

AIM

To determine the prevalence of QT prolongation in a large series of end stage liver disease (ESLD) patients and its association to clinical variables and mortality.

METHODS

The QT interval was measured and corrected for heart rate for each patient, with a prolonged QT cutoff defined as QT > 450 ms for males and QT > 470 ms for females. Multiple clinical variables were evaluated including sex, age, serum sodium, international normalized ratio, creatinine, total bilirubin, beta-blocker use, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD), MELD-Na, and etiology of liver disease.

RESULTS

Among 406 ESLD patients analyzed, 207 (51.0%) had QT ...


Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor Induced Hypercalcemia, Aram Barbaryan, Stefania Bailuc, Padma Poddutoori, Aida Richardson, Aibek E. Mirrakhimov 2017 University of Kansas Medical Center

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor Induced Hypercalcemia, Aram Barbaryan, Stefania Bailuc, Padma Poddutoori, Aida Richardson, Aibek E. Mirrakhimov

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

Hypercalcemia in patients with cancer is a common laboratory finding affecting up to 44% of that patient population. 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 mediated hypercalcemia is one of the rare mechanisms of this endocrine emergency in cancer patients. It is even rarer for solid organ neoplasms to present with hypercalcemia mediated through the production of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. We report a case of a 77-year-old female who presented to the hospital with hypercalcemia and later was found to have metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor. There have been only 5 cases of gastrointestinal stromal tumor described in literature resulting in hypercalcemia. In ...


Creation Of A Novel Human Wound Model To Test Novel Wound Healing Approaches, Nathan Northern 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Creation Of A Novel Human Wound Model To Test Novel Wound Healing Approaches, Nathan Northern

The University Honors Program

In the US there is a growing prevalence of chronic wounds such as such as leg ulcers, diabetic foot ulcers, and pressure ulcers. These wounds persist for long periods of time and are expensive to manage. Improved human-based model systems that emulate the wound healing process in humans would accelerate the identification of novel healing strategies that are directly translatable to humans. The goal of this study was to develop a novel wound model able to imitate the human wound healing process. To do this, 8mm punch biopsies were taken from human abdominoplasty samples and 2mm wounds were created in ...


Variables Associated With Overweight/Obesity Among African-American Women With Hypertension And/Or Diabetes, Monica A. Hamilton, DNP, RN, ACNS-BC 2017 George Washington University

Variables Associated With Overweight/Obesity Among African-American Women With Hypertension And/Or Diabetes, Monica A. Hamilton, Dnp, Rn, Acns-Bc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

BACKGROUND

Obesity is the second leading cause of preventable death next to tobacco use. Although it is prevalent in all populations, it disproportionately affects AA women. Overweight/obesity increases AA women’s chances of developing chronic illnesses such as diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, and decreases their life expectancy. The purpose of this study was to explore variables associated with overweight/obese AA women with hypertension and/or diabetes.

METHODS

A secondary data analysis was conducted using a descriptive-correlational design to analyze cross-sectional data obtained from the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). The sample consisted of AA women (n ...


Nitric Oxide Bioavailability In Diabetic Cardiomyocytes: The Role Of Propofol In Superoxide Scavenging, Kayla N. Hamdan, Spencer R. Andrei, Derek S. Damron 2017 Kent State University

Nitric Oxide Bioavailability In Diabetic Cardiomyocytes: The Role Of Propofol In Superoxide Scavenging, Kayla N. Hamdan, Spencer R. Andrei, Derek S. Damron

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Background: The reaction of NO with superoxide anion to form peroxynitrite has been implicated as a potential mechanism contributing to the limited NO bioavailability observed in diabetes. Furthermore, there is little evidence outlining the effects of intravenous anesthetic, propofol, on NO bioavailability in cardiomyocytes (CMs) isolated from diabetic mice. We hypothesized that propofol would act as a superoxide scavenger, thereby increasing NO bioavailability.

Methods: For NO, superoxide and peroxynitrite measurements, freshly isolated control and diabetic CMs were incubated in the presence or absence of propofol with NO, superoxide (DHE) or peroxynitrite (HKG) fluorescent probes. Fluorescence was measured using either fluorescence ...


Postnatal Β1 Integrin Deficiency In Pancreatic Beta-Cells Impairs Function And Survival, Jason E. Peart 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Postnatal Β1 Integrin Deficiency In Pancreatic Beta-Cells Impairs Function And Survival, Jason E. Peart

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Integrin β1 is essential for pancreatic beta-cell development and maintenance throughout life in rodents and human fetal islets. However, the effects of a postnatal β1 integrin knockout (β1KO) specific to pancreatic beta-cells of mice is undetermined. We generated mice with CreERT recombinase specific to the mouse insulin promoter (MIP), allowing us to induce a β1KO upon injection of tamoxifen (MIPβ1KO model).

At 3-4 weeks of age tamoxifen was injected and mice were sacrificed at 8 (male) and 16 weeks (female) post-tamoxifen. MIPβ1KO mice had impaired glucose tolerance, reduced beta-cell mass and islet density. The impairment in glucose tolerance remained in ...


Data From: A Predictive Model For Lack Of Partial Clinical Remission In New-Onset Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes, Katherine R. Marino, Rachel L. Lundberg, Aastha Jasrotia, Louise S. Maranda, Michael J. Thompson, Bruce A. Barton, Laura C. Alonso, Benjamin U. Nwosu 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Data From: A Predictive Model For Lack Of Partial Clinical Remission In New-Onset Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes, Katherine R. Marino, Rachel L. Lundberg, Aastha Jasrotia, Louise S. Maranda, Michael J. Thompson, Bruce A. Barton, Laura C. Alonso, Benjamin U. Nwosu

Benjamin U. Nwosu

Manuscript abstract:

IMPORTANCE: >50% of patients with new-onset type 1 diabetes (T1D) do not enter partial clinical remission (PCR); early identification of these patients may improve initial glycemic control and reduce long-term complications.

AIM: To determine whether routinely obtainable clinical parameters predict non-remission in children and adolescents with new-onset T1D.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data on remission were collected for the first 36 months of disease in 204 subjects of ages 2-14 years with new-onset type 1 diabetes. There were 86 remitters (age 9.1±3.0y; male 57%), and 118 non-remitters (age 7.0±3.1y; male 40.7%). PCR ...


Data From: A Predictive Model For Lack Of Partial Clinical Remission In New-Onset Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes, Katherine R. Marino, Rachel L. Lundberg, Aastha Jasrotia, Louise S. Maranda, Michael J. Thompson, Bruce A. Barton, Laura C. Alonso, Benjamin U. Nwosu 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Data From: A Predictive Model For Lack Of Partial Clinical Remission In New-Onset Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes, Katherine R. Marino, Rachel L. Lundberg, Aastha Jasrotia, Louise S. Maranda, Michael J. Thompson, Bruce A. Barton, Laura C. Alonso, Benjamin U. Nwosu

Pediatric Research Data

Manuscript abstract:

IMPORTANCE: >50% of patients with new-onset type 1 diabetes (T1D) do not enter partial clinical remission (PCR); early identification of these patients may improve initial glycemic control and reduce long-term complications.

AIM: To determine whether routinely obtainable clinical parameters predict non-remission in children and adolescents with new-onset T1D.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data on remission were collected for the first 36 months of disease in 204 subjects of ages 2-14 years with new-onset type 1 diabetes. There were 86 remitters (age 9.1±3.0y; male 57%), and 118 non-remitters (age 7.0±3.1y; male 40.7%). PCR ...


Pcsk9 Genetic Variants And Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes: A Mendelian Randomisation Study, A. Schmidt, D. Swerdlow, M. Holmes, R. Patel, Z. Fairhurst-Hunter, Cara L. Carty, +several additional authors 2017 George Washington University

Pcsk9 Genetic Variants And Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes: A Mendelian Randomisation Study, A. Schmidt, D. Swerdlow, M. Holmes, R. Patel, Z. Fairhurst-Hunter, Cara L. Carty, +Several Additional Authors

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND:

Statin treatment and variants in the gene encoding HMG-CoA reductase are associated with reductions in both the concentration of LDL cholesterol and the risk of coronary heart disease, but also with modest hyperglycaemia, increased bodyweight, and modestly increased risk of type 2 diabetes, which in no way offsets their substantial benefits. We sought to investigate the associations of LDL cholesterol-lowering PCSK9 variants with type 2 diabetes and related biomarkers to gauge the likely effects of PCSK9 inhibitors on diabetes risk.

METHODS:

In this mendelian randomisation study, we used data from cohort studies, randomised controlled trials, case control studies, and ...


Phase 3 Trial Of 177Lu-Dotatate For Midgut Neuroendocrine Tumors, Jonathan Strosberg, Ghassan El-Haddad, Edward M. Wolin, Andrew Hendifar, James Yao, Beth Chasen, Erik Mittra, Pamela L. Kunz, Matthew H. Kulke, Heather Jacene, David Bushnell, Thomas M. O’Dorisio, Richard P. Baum, Harshad R. Kulkarni, Martyn Caplin, Rachida Lebtahi, Timothy Hobday, Ebrahim Delpassand, Eric Van Cutsem, Al Benson, Rajaventhan Srirajaskanthan, Marianne Pavel, Jaime Mora, Jordan Berlin, Enrique Grande, Nicholas Reed, Ettore Seregni, Kjell Öberg, Maribel Lopera Sierra, Paola Santoro 2017 Moffitt Cancer Center

Phase 3 Trial Of 177Lu-Dotatate For Midgut Neuroendocrine Tumors, Jonathan Strosberg, Ghassan El-Haddad, Edward M. Wolin, Andrew Hendifar, James Yao, Beth Chasen, Erik Mittra, Pamela L. Kunz, Matthew H. Kulke, Heather Jacene, David Bushnell, Thomas M. O’Dorisio, Richard P. Baum, Harshad R. Kulkarni, Martyn Caplin, Rachida Lebtahi, Timothy Hobday, Ebrahim Delpassand, Eric Van Cutsem, Al Benson, Rajaventhan Srirajaskanthan, Marianne Pavel, Jaime Mora, Jordan Berlin, Enrique Grande, Nicholas Reed, Ettore Seregni, Kjell Öberg, Maribel Lopera Sierra, Paola Santoro

Markey Cancer Center Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND

Patients with advanced midgut neuroendocrine tumors who have had disease progression during first-line somatostatin analogue therapy have limited therapeutic options. This randomized, controlled trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of lutetium-177 (177Lu)–Dotatate in patients with advanced, progressive, somatostatin-receptor–positive midgut neuroendocrine tumors.

METHODS

We randomly assigned 229 patients who had well-differentiated, metastatic midgut neuroendocrine tumors to receive either 177Lu-Dotatate (116 patients) at a dose of 7.4 GBq every 8 weeks (four intravenous infusions, plus best supportive care including octreotide long-acting repeatable [LAR] administered intramuscularly at a dose of 30 mg) (177Lu-Dotatate group) or octreotide ...


Proportional Insulin Infusion In Closed-Loop Control Of Blood Glucose, Johan Grasman, Hannah L. Callender, Marco Mensink 2017 University of Portland

Proportional Insulin Infusion In Closed-Loop Control Of Blood Glucose, Johan Grasman, Hannah L. Callender, Marco Mensink

Mathematics Faculty Publications and Presentations

A differential equation model is formulated that describes the dynamics of glucose concentration in blood circulation. The model accounts for the intake of food, expenditure of calories and the control of glucose levels by insulin and glucagon. These and other hormones affect the blood glucose level in various ways. In this study only main effects are taken into consideration. Moreover, by making a quasi-steady state approximation the model is reduced to a single nonlinear differential equation of which parameters are fit to data from healthy subjects. Feedback provided by insulin plays a key role in the control of the blood ...


Combating Diabetes In Chittenden County: A Healthcare Provider Referral Campaign To Increase Patient Participation In The Vermont Diabetes Prevention Program, Samantha Magier 2017 Larner College of Medicine at The University of Vermont

Combating Diabetes In Chittenden County: A Healthcare Provider Referral Campaign To Increase Patient Participation In The Vermont Diabetes Prevention Program, Samantha Magier

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

As of 2016, diabetes affects more than 29 million people in the United States and is the 7th leading cause of death nationwide. In Vermont, 1/10 people are diagnosed with either diabetes or prediabetes, with 6% of Vermonters affected by prediabetes and 5% of Chittenden Country affected by prediabetes. The public health burden of this chronic disease is immense: diabetes costs Vermont an estimated $543 million each year and is the leading cause of kidney failure, lower limb amputations, and adult-onset blindness. Prediabetes occurs when blood sugar is higher than normal but not at the diagnostic threshold of diabetes ...


Cardiometabolic Risk Factors, Metabolic Syndrome And Pre-Diabetes In Adolescents In The Sierra Region Of Ecuador, Sharon L. Casapulla, Cheryl A. Howe, Gabriela Rosero Mora, Darlene Berryman, Mario J. Grijalva, Edgar W. Rojas, Jay H. Shubrook 2017 Touro University California

Cardiometabolic Risk Factors, Metabolic Syndrome And Pre-Diabetes In Adolescents In The Sierra Region Of Ecuador, Sharon L. Casapulla, Cheryl A. Howe, Gabriela Rosero Mora, Darlene Berryman, Mario J. Grijalva, Edgar W. Rojas, Jay H. Shubrook

College of Osteopathic Medicine (TUC) Publications and Research

Background: Excess weight (overweight and obesity) is the major modifiable risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and other non-communicable diseases. However, excess weight may not be as predictive of diabetes risk as once thought. While excess weight and other obesity-related non-communicable diseases are of growing concern in low-middle income countries in Latin America, there is limited research on risk factors associated with T2DM in adolescents. This study investigated prevalence of overweight, obesity, prediabetes, diabetes and metabolic syndrome in adolescents in Ecuador.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 433 adolescents from two schools in a small urban center ...


Actionable Patient Safety Solution (Apss) #3c: Improve Prevention Of Severe Hypoglycemia, Jerika Lam, Steven Barker, Michael Ramsay, Ariana Longley, Joe Kiani 2017 Chapman University

Actionable Patient Safety Solution (Apss) #3c: Improve Prevention Of Severe Hypoglycemia, Jerika Lam, Steven Barker, Michael Ramsay, Ariana Longley, Joe Kiani

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

This report presents a plan of action for introducing a "program to reduce errors in the recognition and treatment of [severe hypoglycemia]".


Anti-Müllerian Hormone And Its Relationships With Subclinical Cardiovascular Disease And Renal Disease In A Longitudinal Cohort Study Of Women With Type 1 Diabetes, Catherine Kim, Yuanyuan Pan, Barbara Braffett, Valerie Arends, Michael Steffes, Hunter Wessells, Aruna V. Sarma 2017 George Washington University

Anti-Müllerian Hormone And Its Relationships With Subclinical Cardiovascular Disease And Renal Disease In A Longitudinal Cohort Study Of Women With Type 1 Diabetes, Catherine Kim, Yuanyuan Pan, Barbara Braffett, Valerie Arends, Michael Steffes, Hunter Wessells, Aruna V. Sarma

GW Biostatistics Center

Background

Reproductive age may be a risk factor for vascular disease. Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is produced by viable ovarian follicles and reflects reproductive age. We examined whether AMH concentrations were associated with markers of subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) and kidney disease among women with type 1 diabetes.

Methods

We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications Study. Participants included women with type 1 diabetes and ≥1 AMH measurement (n = 390). In multivariable regression models which adjusted for repeated measures, we examined the associations between AMH with CVD risk factors, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and albumin ...


Distortion In Body Schema: The Influence Of Body Fat And Mass On Perceptions Of Personal Size, Katarina Ann Ferrucci 2017 Bard College

Distortion In Body Schema: The Influence Of Body Fat And Mass On Perceptions Of Personal Size, Katarina Ann Ferrucci

Senior Projects Spring 2017

Obesity has been linked with a myriad of negative outcomes for both physical and mental health including feeding and eating disorders and cognitive impairments that affect perception of body size. Understanding the cognitive mechanisms and physiological factors that contribute to perception of body size may help us to comprehend how obesity impacts the construction and development of one’s mental body representations. Previous research by Scarpina, Castelnuovo, and Molinari (2014) suggests that, compared to those with a normal Body Mass Index, individuals with a BMI greater than 30 (obese) not only inaccurately estimate tactile and mental distances on their own ...


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