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Endocrine System Diseases Commons

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437 full-text articles. Page 3 of 17.

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Of Metformin+Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors Compared To Metformin+Sulfonylureas For Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetes, Christina S. Kwon, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio 2018 MCPHS University

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Of Metformin+Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors Compared To Metformin+Sulfonylureas For Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetes, Christina S. Kwon, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background: Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) typically use several drug treatments during their lifetime. There is a debate about the best second-line therapy after metformin monotherapy failure due to the increasing number of available antidiabetic drugs and the lack of comparative clinical trials of secondary treatment regimens. While prior research compared the cost-effectiveness of two alternative drugs, the literature assessing T2D treatment pathways is scarce. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term cost-effectiveness of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i) compared to sulfonylureas (SU) as second-line therapy in combination with metformin in patients with T2D.

Methods: A Markov ...


Blood Glucose Goals - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

Blood Glucose Goals - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

Simple, one page handout illustrating blood glucose goals.


What About Alcohol And Diabetes? - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

What About Alcohol And Diabetes? - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

One page handout discusses the effects of drinking alcohol on diabetes. (Spanish)


Foot Care - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

Foot Care - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

A simple, illustrated handout explaining foot care for diabetes patients. (Spanish)


Foot Care - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

Foot Care - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

A simple, illustrated handout explaining foot care for diabetes patients.


Food Label - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

Food Label - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

Illustrated food label for diabetics to explain how to identify total carbohydrates. (Spanish)


Blood Glucose Log 4x/Day With Carbs, Snacks And Insulin - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

Blood Glucose Log 4x/Day With Carbs, Snacks And Insulin - Spanish, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

A log for a patient to record 4 times/day his/her blood glucose levels, carbohydrates and snacks consumed and their insulin amounts. (Spanish)


Blood Glucose Log 4x/Day With Carbs, Snacks And Insulin - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas 2018 Pacific University

Blood Glucose Log 4x/Day With Carbs, Snacks And Insulin - English, Michele Spatz, Ruth Dallas

Diabetes Education Tools

A log for a patient to record 4 times/day his/her blood glucose levels, carbohydrates and snacks consumed and their insulin amounts.


Diabetes Impairs Wound Healing By Dnmt1-Dependent Dysregulation Of Hematopoietic Stem Cells Differentiation Towards Macrophages, Jinglian Yan, Guodong Tie, Shoying Wang, Amanda A. Tutto, Natale DeMarco, Lyne Khair, Thomas G. Fazzio, Louis M. Messina 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Diabetes Impairs Wound Healing By Dnmt1-Dependent Dysregulation Of Hematopoietic Stem Cells Differentiation Towards Macrophages, Jinglian Yan, Guodong Tie, Shoying Wang, Amanda A. Tutto, Natale Demarco, Lyne Khair, Thomas G. Fazzio, Louis M. Messina

Open Access Articles

People with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have a 25-fold higher risk of limb loss than non-diabetics due in large part to impaired wound healing. Here, we show that the impaired wound healing phenotype found in T2D mice is recapitulated in lethally irradiated wild type recipients, whose hematopoiesis is reconstituted with hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) from T2D mice, indicating an HSC-autonomous mechanism. This impaired wound healing phenotype of T2D mice is due to a Nox-2-dependent increase in HSC oxidant stress that decreases microRNA let-7d-3p, which, in turn, directly upregulates Dnmt1, leading to the hypermethylation of Notch1, PU.1, and Klf4 ...


Seychelles: Diabetes, Camille Myers 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Seychelles: Diabetes, Camille Myers

Global Public Health

One of the major health problems in Seychelles, a cluster of islands off the coast of Eastern Africa, is diabetes. There are many different types of diabetes, but the most common type to this region is Type 2 diabetes. At this time Seychelles, and many other countries in Africa, have about half of the adult population diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. Along with the diagnosis of diabetes being a problem, people in Seychelles often go undiagnosed for a while because they are ignorant to the risks and the symptoms of the disease. Only about 50% of the population with pre-diabetic ...


Patient Education: Importance Of Diabetic Foot Care, John Paul Nsubuga 2018 University of Vermont

Patient Education: Importance Of Diabetic Foot Care, John Paul Nsubuga

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Diabetes is about the leading causes of mortality in united states, estimated to cause greater than 80,000 deaths annually. With the ongoing obesity epidemic, the prevalence and incidence of this debilitating disease is on the rise. Diabetes the leading cause of non-traumatic lower extremity amputation in United states. These amputations are often preceded by infected non-healing foot ulcers. It is therefore of at most importance to continue educating diabetic patients on proper foot care management to prevent ulcer formation. This project aims to create a patient educational brochure about the importance of proper diabetic foot care, while providing easy ...


Qatar: Diabetes, DiAngelo Gonzalez 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Qatar: Diabetes, Diangelo Gonzalez

Global Public Health

The State of Qatar is a developed nation that is located in the Middle East and borders the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia. The nation is a constitutional monarchy and is currently led by Amir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani. The 2,300,000+ people of Qatar face many major challenges. Although it is one of the wealthiest nations in the Middle East, Qatar faces issues of human trafficking, migrants willing to work in poor conditions, and Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). The most critical issue that plagues this county is diabetes, both I and II. Diabetes is a disease ...


Mantle Cell Lymphoma In The Thyroid: A Rare Presentation, Uzma Mohammad Siddiqui, Sarika N. Rao, Pallavi K. Galera, Nahida Islam, Mira S. Torres 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Mantle Cell Lymphoma In The Thyroid: A Rare Presentation, Uzma Mohammad Siddiqui, Sarika N. Rao, Pallavi K. Galera, Nahida Islam, Mira S. Torres

Open Access Articles

Background: While 2% of all extranodal Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas present in the thyroid, there exists insufficient data to describe the incidence of mantle cell lymphoma in the thyroid. A case series of 1400 patients revealed that < 1% of thyroid lymphomas may be MCL; hence better understanding of the disease course is essential.

Patient Findings: A 65-year-old female was referred for a multinodular goiter. Multiple fine needle aspirations from the dominant right nodule were consistent with Hashimoto's thyroiditis and flow cytometry was negative. Due to progressing dysphagia, she underwent total thyroidectomy.

Summary: Pathology revealed MCL with mantle zone growth pattern in the right thyroid. Flow cytometry showed monoclonal B cells comprising 9% of total cells. The Ki-67 ...


Tolerability And Effectiveness Of Exenatide Once Weekly Relative To Basal Insulin Among Type 2 Diabetes Patients Of Different Races In Routine Care, Anthony P. Nunes, Anita M. Loughlin, Qing Qiao, Stephen M. Ezzy, Laura Yochum, C Robin. Clifford, Robert V. Gately, David D. Dore, John D. Seeger 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Tolerability And Effectiveness Of Exenatide Once Weekly Relative To Basal Insulin Among Type 2 Diabetes Patients Of Different Races In Routine Care, Anthony P. Nunes, Anita M. Loughlin, Qing Qiao, Stephen M. Ezzy, Laura Yochum, C Robin. Clifford, Robert V. Gately, David D. Dore, John D. Seeger

Open Access Articles

INTRODUCTION: Analyses of efficacy and tolerability of pharmacologic interventions are based on clinical trials that often include predominately white populations, in part because of challenges associated with recruitment and retention of racial/ethnically diverse study populations. Using real-world electronic health record (EHR) data, we sought to evaluate the tolerability and effectiveness of exenatide once weekly (EQW), overall and relative to basal insulin (BI), according to race.

METHODS: Patients with type 2 diabetes initiating EQW or BI between 2012 and 2015 were selected from the Optum EHR Research Database, a system pooling data from dozens of hospitals throughout the US. Measures ...


The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey 2017 Dominican University of California

The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Type 1 Diabetics have various ways of managing their diabetes that have been studied for their effectiveness. Pregnancy in the Type 1 Diabetic has been understudied. It is known that Diabetics in general have poorer pregnancy outcomes because of poor glycemic control. This coupled with the fact that the body needs 3-4 times more insulin as pregnancy comes to an end makes managing blood glucose levels challenging for diabetics (Lowdermilk, 2016, p. 689). For the Type 1 Diabetic, there are two main ways to control diabetes: multiple daily injections using at least two type of insulin and continuous subcutaneous insulin ...


A Low Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet For Treatment Of Type Ii Diabetes An Integrative Literature Review, Steven Lisowski 2017 DePaul University

A Low Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet For Treatment Of Type Ii Diabetes An Integrative Literature Review, Steven Lisowski

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

A Low Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet for Treatment

of Type II Diabetes: An Integrative Literature Review

Steven Lisowski

Faculty Sponsor: Larry Maturin

Abstract

Background: Dietary modifications are commonly prescribed initial interventions in those recently diagnosed with type II diabetes. Presently, various researchers support that there is a growing body of evidence that advises to restrict carbohydrate intake to minimum levels to achieve optimal blood glucose levels and reduce complications related to poor diabetes management.

Objectives: To explore if the low carbohydrate, ketogenic diets (LCKD), in which carbohydrate intake of any kind is restricted, are very effective at reducing obesity and controlling ...


Age-Dependent Human Beta Cell Proliferation Induced By Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 And Calcineurin Signaling, Chunhua Dai, Yan Hang, Alena Shostak, Greg Poffenberger, Nathaniel Hart, Nripesh Prasad, Neil Phillips, Shawn E. Levy, Dale L. Greiner, Leonard D. Shultz, Rita Bottino, Seung K. Kim, Alvin C. Powers 2017 Vanderbilt University

Age-Dependent Human Beta Cell Proliferation Induced By Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 And Calcineurin Signaling, Chunhua Dai, Yan Hang, Alena Shostak, Greg Poffenberger, Nathaniel Hart, Nripesh Prasad, Neil Phillips, Shawn E. Levy, Dale L. Greiner, Leonard D. Shultz, Rita Bottino, Seung K. Kim, Alvin C. Powers

Open Access Articles

Inadequate pancreatic beta cell function underlies type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Strategies to expand functional cells have focused on discovering and controlling mechanisms that limit the proliferation of human beta cells. Here, we developed an engraftment strategy to examine age-associated human islet cell replication competence and reveal mechanisms underlying age-dependent decline of beta cell proliferation in human islets. We found that exendin-4 (Ex-4), an agonist of the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R), stimulates human beta cell proliferation in juvenile but not adult islets. This age-dependent responsiveness does not reflect loss of GLP-1R signaling in adult islets, since Ex-4 ...


Heightened Circulating Levels Of Antimicrobial Peptides In Tuberculosis-Diabetes Co-Morbidity And Reversal Upon Treatment, Nathella Pavan Kumar, Kadar Moideen, Vijay Viswanathan, Shanmugam Sivakumar, Pradeep A. Menon, Hardy Kornfeld, Subash Babu 2017 National Institutes of Health-NIRT-International Center for Excellence in Research

Heightened Circulating Levels Of Antimicrobial Peptides In Tuberculosis-Diabetes Co-Morbidity And Reversal Upon Treatment, Nathella Pavan Kumar, Kadar Moideen, Vijay Viswanathan, Shanmugam Sivakumar, Pradeep A. Menon, Hardy Kornfeld, Subash Babu

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: The association of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) with tuberculosis-diabetes comorbidity (PTB-DM) is not well understood.

METHODS: To study the association of AMPs with PTB-DM, we examined the systemic levels of cathelicidin (LL37), human beta defensin- 2 (HBD2), human neutrophil peptides 1-3, (HNP1-3) and granulysin in individuals with either PTB-DM, PTB, latent TB (LTB) or no TB infection (NTB).

RESULTS: Circulating levels of cathelicidin and HBD2 were significantly higher and granulysin levels were significantly lower in PTB-DM compared to PTB, LTB or NTB, while the levels of HNP1-3 were significantly higher in PTB-DM compared to LTB or NTB individuals. Moreover, the ...


Coxsackievirus-Induced Proteomic Alterations In Primary Human Islets Provide Insights For The Etiology Of Diabetes, Julius O. Nyalwidhe, Glen R. Gallagher, Lindsey M. Glenn, Margaret A. Morris, Pranitha Vangala, Agata Jurczyk, Rita Bortell, David M. Harlan, Jennifer P. Wang, Jerry L. Nadler 2017 Eastern Virginia Medical School

Coxsackievirus-Induced Proteomic Alterations In Primary Human Islets Provide Insights For The Etiology Of Diabetes, Julius O. Nyalwidhe, Glen R. Gallagher, Lindsey M. Glenn, Margaret A. Morris, Pranitha Vangala, Agata Jurczyk, Rita Bortell, David M. Harlan, Jennifer P. Wang, Jerry L. Nadler

Open Access Articles

Enteroviral infections have been associated with the development of type 1 diabetes (T1D), a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells. Cultured human islets, including the insulin-producing beta cells, can be infected with coxsackievirus B4 (CVB4) and thus are useful for understanding cellular responses to infection. We performed quantitative mass spectrometry analysis on cultured primary human islets infected with CVB4 to identify molecules and pathways altered upon infection. Corresponding uninfected controls were included in the study for comparative protein expression analyses. Proteins were significantly and differentially regulated in human islets challenged with virus compared with ...


Temporal Changes In Cortical And Hippocampal Expression Of Genes Important For Brain Glucose Metabolism Following Controlled Cortical Impact Injury In Mice, June Zhou, Mark Burns, Linda Huynh, Sonia Villapol, Daniel D. Taub, Juan M. Saavedra, Marc R. Blackman 2017 George Washington University

Temporal Changes In Cortical And Hippocampal Expression Of Genes Important For Brain Glucose Metabolism Following Controlled Cortical Impact Injury In Mice, June Zhou, Mark Burns, Linda Huynh, Sonia Villapol, Daniel D. Taub, Juan M. Saavedra, Marc R. Blackman

Pharmacology and Physiology Faculty Publications

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) causes transient increases and subsequent decreases in brain glucose utilization. The underlying molecular pathways are orchestrated processes and poorly understood. In the current study, we determined temporal changes in cortical and hippocampal expression of genes important for brain glucose/lactate metabolism and the effect of a known neuroprotective drug telmisartan on the expression of these genes after experimental TBI. Adult male C57BL/6J mice (n = 6/group) underwent sham or unilateral controlled cortical impact (CCI) injury. Their ipsilateral and contralateral cortex and hippocampus were collected 6 h, 1, 3, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days after ...


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