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1,319 full-text articles. Page 5 of 64.

Micro-Computed Tomographic Analysis Of The Shaping Ability Of Xp-Endo Shaper In Oval-Shaped Distal Root Canals Of Mandibular Molars, Ane Poly, Wei-Ju Louis Tseng, Fernando Marques, Frank Carsten Setzer, Bekir Karabucak 2021 Rio de Janeiro State University

Micro-Computed Tomographic Analysis Of The Shaping Ability Of Xp-Endo Shaper In Oval-Shaped Distal Root Canals Of Mandibular Molars, Ane Poly, Wei-Ju Louis Tseng, Fernando Marques, Frank Carsten Setzer, Bekir Karabucak

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

Objective: To compare the shaping ability of the XP-endo Shaper (XPS) system to the ProTaper Next (PTN) system in oval-shaped distal root canals.

Methods: From 12 mandibular molars, distal roots with moderately curved single oval canals were randomly assorted to be instrumented with XPS (experimental group) or PTN (control group) and then scanned using micro-computed tomography [Scan 1]. The root canals of the XPS samples were prepared following the manufacturer's instructions using 15 insertions (XPS15) and rescanned [Scan 2]. An additional 10 insertions to the working length were applied, totalling 25 insertions (XPS25), and the roots were rescanned again [Scan …


Activation Of Crtc2/Creb1 In Skeletal Muscle Enhances Weight Loss During Intermittent Fasting, Nelson E Bruno, Jerome C Nwachukwu, David C Hughes, Sathish Srinivasan, Richard Hawkins, David Sturgill, Gordon L Hager, Stephen Hurst, Shey-Shing Sheu, Sue C Bodine, Michael D Conkright, Kendall W Nettles 2021 The Scripps Research Institute

Activation Of Crtc2/Creb1 In Skeletal Muscle Enhances Weight Loss During Intermittent Fasting, Nelson E Bruno, Jerome C Nwachukwu, David C Hughes, Sathish Srinivasan, Richard Hawkins, David Sturgill, Gordon L Hager, Stephen Hurst, Shey-Shing Sheu, Sue C Bodine, Michael D Conkright, Kendall W Nettles

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

The Creb-Regulated Transcriptional Coactivator (Crtc) family of transcriptional coregulators drive Creb1-mediated transcription effects on metabolism in many tissues, but the in vivo effects of Crtc2/Creb1 transcription on skeletal muscle metabolism are not known. Skeletal muscle-specific overexpression of Crtc2 (Crtc2 mice) induced greater mitochondrial activity, metabolic flux capacity for both carbohydrates and fats, improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity, and increased oxidative capacity, supported by upregulation of key metabolic genes. Crtc2 overexpression led to greater weight loss during alternate day fasting (ADF), selective loss of fat rather than lean mass, maintenance of higher energy expenditure during the fast and reduced binge-eating …


Ogr1-Dependent Regulation Of The Allergen-Induced Asthma Phenotype, Ajay P Nayak, Deepak A. Deshpande, PhD, Sushrut D. Shah, Dominic R Villalba, Roslyn Yi, Nadan Wang, Raymond B. Penn 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Ogr1-Dependent Regulation Of The Allergen-Induced Asthma Phenotype, Ajay P Nayak, Deepak A. Deshpande, Phd, Sushrut D. Shah, Dominic R Villalba, Roslyn Yi, Nadan Wang, Raymond B. Penn

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Papers

The proton-sensing receptor, ovarian cancer G protein-coupled receptor (OGR1), has been shown to be expressed in airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells and is capable of promoting ASM contraction in response to decreased extracellular pH. OGR1 knockout (OGR1KO) mice are reported to be resistant to the asthma features induced by inhaled allergen. We recently described certain benzodiazepines as OGR1 activators capable of mediating both procontractile and prorelaxant signaling in ASM cells. Here we assess the effect of treatment with the benzodiazepines lorazepam or sulazepam on the asthma phenotype in wild-type (WT) and OGR1KO mice subjected to inhaled house dust mite (HDM; …


Adult Spiny Mice (Acomys) Exhibit Endogenous Cardiac Recovery In Response To Myocardial Infarction, Hsuan Peng, Kazuhiro Shindo, Renée R. Donahue, Erhe Gao, Brooke M. Ahern, Bryana M. Levitan, Himi Tripathi, David Powell, Ahmed Noor, Garrett A. Elmore, Jonathan Satin, Ashley W. Seifert, Ahmed K. Abdel-Latif 2021 University of Kentucky

Adult Spiny Mice (Acomys) Exhibit Endogenous Cardiac Recovery In Response To Myocardial Infarction, Hsuan Peng, Kazuhiro Shindo, Renée R. Donahue, Erhe Gao, Brooke M. Ahern, Bryana M. Levitan, Himi Tripathi, David Powell, Ahmed Noor, Garrett A. Elmore, Jonathan Satin, Ashley W. Seifert, Ahmed K. Abdel-Latif

Physiology Faculty Publications

Complex tissue regeneration is extremely rare among adult mammals. An exception, however, is the superior tissue healing of multiple organs in spiny mice (Acomys). While Acomys species exhibit the remarkable ability to heal complex tissue with minimal scarring, little is known about their cardiac structure and response to cardiac injury. In this study, we first examined baseline Acomys cardiac anatomy and function in comparison with commonly used inbred and outbred laboratory Mus strains (C57BL6 and CFW). While our results demonstrated comparable cardiac anatomy and function between Acomys and Mus, Acomys exhibited a higher percentage of cardiomyocytes displaying …


The Role Of Mathematics In 21st Century Medicine, Reinhard Laubenbacher 2021 Illinois State University

The Role Of Mathematics In 21st Century Medicine, Reinhard Laubenbacher

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Using Adaptive Research Design To Define The Proper Methodology To Use A Data Peek For Power: Step By Step Process, Tom Wasser 2021 Consult-Stat: Complete Statistical Services

Using Adaptive Research Design To Define The Proper Methodology To Use A Data Peek For Power: Step By Step Process, Tom Wasser

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

When planning or conducting research in the hospital setting, often termed Real-World Environment (RWE), therapeutic assumptions and outcomes are often different than in the Randomized Clinical Trial (RCT) where medications, devices and therapies are tested and developed. This is because RWE research has a lack of experimental control, additional confounding due to patient complications and comorbid conditions, lack of pure patient selection and compliance with therapy in the patients being treated and many other factors as well. However, when RWE experiments are conducted, sample size determination using data from the RCT is common because that is the only data that …


Patient Satisfaction While Enrolled In Clinical Trials: A Literature Review, Ilufredo Y. Tantoy, Andrea N. Bright, Evan Paelmo, Emily I. Moreland, Ashley N. Trost, Joan Pasquesi, Charlotta Weaver, Richard T. D'Aquila 2021 Northwestern University

Patient Satisfaction While Enrolled In Clinical Trials: A Literature Review, Ilufredo Y. Tantoy, Andrea N. Bright, Evan Paelmo, Emily I. Moreland, Ashley N. Trost, Joan Pasquesi, Charlotta Weaver, Richard T. D'Aquila

Patient Experience Journal

Patient satisfaction surveys may not adequately reflect organizations that conduct research in patients who enroll in clinical trials. The purpose of this systematic literature review was to summarize the current state of knowledge of patient satisfaction while enrolled in clinical trials utilizing a widely used, validated patient satisfaction instrument. A comprehensive literature search was conducted using CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycInfo, PubMed and Web of Science. Studies were evaluated in terms of clinical trial participation; assessment conducted during or after participation; utilization of a validated instrument; a pharmacological intervention; and the paper was published in English. Only nine studies met this review’s …


Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type-1 (Hiv-1) Transcriptional Regulation, Latency And Therapy In The Central Nervous System, Joseph Hokello, Adhikarimayum Lakhikumar Sharma, Priya Tyagi, Alok Bhushan, Mudit Tyagi 2021 Busitema University

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type-1 (Hiv-1) Transcriptional Regulation, Latency And Therapy In The Central Nervous System, Joseph Hokello, Adhikarimayum Lakhikumar Sharma, Priya Tyagi, Alok Bhushan, Mudit Tyagi

College of Pharmacy Faculty Papers

The central nervous system (CNS) is highly compartmentalized and serves as a specific site of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Therefore, an understanding of the cellular populations that are infected by HIV or that harbor latent HIV proviruses is imperative in the attempts to address cure strategies, taking into account that HIV infection and latency in the CNS may differ considerably from those in the periphery. HIV replication in the CNS is reported to persist despite prolonged combination antiretroviral therapy due to the inability of the current antiretroviral drugs to penetrate and cross the blood–brain barrier. Consequently, as a result …


Development Of A Novel Mir-3648-Related Gene Signature As A Prognostic Biomarker In Esophageal Adenocarcinoma, Donglei Zhang, Hang Yin, Thomas L. Bauer, Michael P. Rogers, Jeffrey B. Velotta, Clinton T. Morgan, Weijia Du, Ping Xu, Xiaozhe Qian 2021 Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China

Development Of A Novel Mir-3648-Related Gene Signature As A Prognostic Biomarker In Esophageal Adenocarcinoma, Donglei Zhang, Hang Yin, Thomas L. Bauer, Michael P. Rogers, Jeffrey B. Velotta, Clinton T. Morgan, Weijia Du, Ping Xu, Xiaozhe Qian

Surgery Faculty Publications

Background: Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EA) is a typical immunogenic malignant tumor with a dismal 5-year survival rate lower than 20%. Although miRNA-3648 (miR-3648) is expressed abnormally in EA, its impact on the tumor immune microenvironment remains unknown. In this study, we sought to identify immune-related genes (IRGs) that are targeted by miR-3648 and develop an EA multigene signature.

Methods: The gene expression data of 87 EA tumor samples and 67 normal tissue samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) database were downloaded, respectively. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), the CIBERSORT algorithm, and Cox regression …


A Research Framework For Evaluating Next Generation Sequencing In Community-Acquired Pneumonia, Ashley M. Wilde, Elena Swingler, Sarah E. Moore PharmD, Brian C. Bohn PharmD, Matthew Song PharmD, BCIDP, Ruth Carrico, Julio A. Ramirez 2021 Norton Healthcare

A Research Framework For Evaluating Next Generation Sequencing In Community-Acquired Pneumonia, Ashley M. Wilde, Elena Swingler, Sarah E. Moore Pharmd, Brian C. Bohn Pharmd, Matthew Song Pharmd, Bcidp, Ruth Carrico, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Conference Proceedings: Select Abstracts Presented At 2021 Advocate Aurora Health Scientific Day, 2021 Advocate Aurora Health

Conference Proceedings: Select Abstracts Presented At 2021 Advocate Aurora Health Scientific Day

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Abstracts published within this supplement were presented at the 47th annual Advocate Aurora Health Scientific Day, held virtually on May 26, 2021. This research symposium provides a forum for disseminating results from studies conducted by faculty, fellows, residents, and other allied health professionals associated with Midwest-based health system Advocate Aurora Health, which publishes the Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews.


Covid-19-Associated Pulmonary Aspergillosis: A Case Report From The Covid-19 Surveillance Program., Mohamad Belal Aldaas, Dylan Goldsmith, Forest W. Arnold 2021 University of Louisville

Covid-19-Associated Pulmonary Aspergillosis: A Case Report From The Covid-19 Surveillance Program., Mohamad Belal Aldaas, Dylan Goldsmith, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

A 72-year-old male was brought to the hospital following a motorcycle crash and was admitted for multiple trauma management. His initial course of hospitalization was complicated by mild hypoxemia and altered mental status. Respiratory workup and imaging were consistent with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia. He completed a five-day course of remdesivir and a ten-day course of dexamethasone. Twenty days later, he developed a low-grade fever. His chest computerized tomography (CT) showed gas and fluid containing parenchymal collection in the anteromedial right middle lobe measuring up to 4.8 cm, most consistent with a pulmonary abscess. Antimicrobial treatment was started.

The patient became hypoxic …


Lack Of Interferon (Ifn) Regulatory Factor 8 Associated With Restricted Ifn-Γ Response Augmented Japanese Encephalitis Virus Replication In The Mouse Brain, Aarti Tripathi, Bhupendra Singh Rawat, Sankar Addya, Milan Surjit, Prafullakumar Tailor, Sudhanshu Vrati, Arup Banerjee 2021 Translational Health Science and Technology Institutegrid

Lack Of Interferon (Ifn) Regulatory Factor 8 Associated With Restricted Ifn-Γ Response Augmented Japanese Encephalitis Virus Replication In The Mouse Brain, Aarti Tripathi, Bhupendra Singh Rawat, Sankar Addya, Milan Surjit, Prafullakumar Tailor, Sudhanshu Vrati, Arup Banerjee

Kimmel Cancer Center Faculty Papers

Interferon regulatory factor 8 (IRF8), a myeloid lineage transcription factor, emerges as an essential regulator for microglial activation. However, the precise role of IRF8 during Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) infection in the brain remains elusive. Here, we report that JEV infection enhances IRF8 expression in the infected mouse brain. Comparative transcriptional profiling of whole-brain RNA analysis and validation by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR) reveals an impaired interferon gamma (IFN-g) and related gene expression in Irf8 knockout (Irf82/2)-infected mice. Further, Ifng knockout (Ifng2/2) mice exhibit a reduced level of Irf8. Both Ifng2/2 and Irf82/2 mice exhibit significantly reduced levels of activated …


Bridging The Gap From Clinical Research Done On Populations To The Care Of An Individual Patient, James Peter Meza 2021 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Bridging The Gap From Clinical Research Done On Populations To The Care Of An Individual Patient, James Peter Meza

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

The Editor reflects on the application of clinical scales to Clinical Decision Making.


Metformin Monotherapy Is An Effective Alternative For Management Of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus In Patients Refusing Insulin Monotherapy, Tyler Russeth 2021 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Metformin Monotherapy Is An Effective Alternative For Management Of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus In Patients Refusing Insulin Monotherapy, Tyler Russeth

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Ghomian N, Vahed SHM, Firouz S, Yaghoubi MA, Mohebbi M, Sahebkar A. The efficacy of metformin compared with insulin in regulating blood glucose levels during gestational diabetes mellitus: A randomized clinical trial. J Cell Physiol. 2019;234(4):4695-4701. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcp.27238

for a patient with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) who does not wish to undergo insulin monotherapy.


Weight Loss As Sole Treatment For Obstructive Sleep Apnea In A Patient With Significant Risks Posed By Daytime Sleepiness, Steven Daws 2021 Wayne State University

Weight Loss As Sole Treatment For Obstructive Sleep Apnea In A Patient With Significant Risks Posed By Daytime Sleepiness, Steven Daws

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Kuna ST, Reboussin DM, Borradaile KE, Sanders MH, Millman RP, Zammit G, Newman AB, Wadden TA, Jakicic JM, Wing RR, Pi-Sunyer FX, Foster GD; Sleep AHEAD Research Group of the Look AHEAD Research Group. Long-term effect of weight loss on obstructive sleep apnea severity in obese patients with type 2 diabetes. Sleep. 2013 May 1;36(5):641-649A. https://doi.org/10.5665/sleep.2618

to inform whether weight loss alone can adequately and promptly treat OSA in a patient with high-risk employment and an aversion to more invasive intervention.


A Light In The Dark: End-Of-Life Conversations In Advanced Cancer Patients Improve Caregiver Grief, Nicole Meeks 2021 Wayne State University School of Medicine

A Light In The Dark: End-Of-Life Conversations In Advanced Cancer Patients Improve Caregiver Grief, Nicole Meeks

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Wright AA, Zhang B, Ray A, Mack JW, Trice E, Balboni T, Mitchell SL, Jackson VA, Block SD, Maciejewski PK, & Prigerson HG. Associations between end-of-life discussions, patient mental health, medical care near death, and caregiver bereavement adjustment. JAMA. 2008;300(14):1665-1673. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.300.14.1665

for a patient with end stage cancer and an anxious caregiver.


Does Hiv Status Confer A Higher Risk Of Acquiring Covid-19? Using Clinical Decision Science To Combat Patients’ Anxiety, Camilo Guzman 2021 Wayne State University

Does Hiv Status Confer A Higher Risk Of Acquiring Covid-19? Using Clinical Decision Science To Combat Patients’ Anxiety, Camilo Guzman

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using

del Amo J, Polo R, Moreno S, et al. “Incidence and Severity of COVID-19 in HIV-Positive Persons Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy.” Annals of Internal Medicine. 2020;173(7):536-541. doi.org/10.7326/m20-3689

for a patient with HIV and concerns about COVID-19 for immunocompromised individuals.


University Of Louisville International Travel Clinic: Pivoting During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Dawn Balcom, Subathra Marimuthu, Leslie A Wolf, Luanne Didelot, Sarah Tan, Daniel Hall, Ruth Carrico 2021 University of Louisville

University Of Louisville International Travel Clinic: Pivoting During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Dawn Balcom, Subathra Marimuthu, Leslie A Wolf, Luanne Didelot, Sarah Tan, Daniel Hall, Ruth Carrico

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Association Of Lung Cancer With Pneumonia And Chlamydia Pneumoniae Infection, Johnny Zakhour MD, Daniel Muller, Alex Glynn, Jose Bordon 2021 Washington Health Institute

Association Of Lung Cancer With Pneumonia And Chlamydia Pneumoniae Infection, Johnny Zakhour Md, Daniel Muller, Alex Glynn, Jose Bordon

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Introduction: The degree of association and type of causal versus non-causal relationship between pneumonia and lung cancer (LC) are evolving discussions. We reviewed English publications on the degree of association between pneumonia and subsequent LC.

Methods: We searched the PubMed database using key words for pneumonia, LC, and chlamydia infection. We selected peer-reviewed studies of patients with pneumonia and LC. Case reports and other literature reviews were excluded from this review.

Results: Five studies examined the incidence and/or risk of LC for a total of 415,750 patients, and four studies examined cases with Chlamydia pneumoniae chronic infection at the time …


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