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The Population Affected By The Syndemic Of Covid-19 And Poverty Is More Likely To Be Hospitalized With Sars-Cov-2 Pneumonia, Julio A. Ramirez, Stephen P. Furmanek, Meredith Cahill, Stephen S. Hanson, Ruth Carrico, Forest W. Arnold 2021 University of Louisville

The Population Affected By The Syndemic Of Covid-19 And Poverty Is More Likely To Be Hospitalized With Sars-Cov-2 Pneumonia, Julio A. Ramirez, Stephen P. Furmanek, Meredith Cahill, Stephen S. Hanson, Ruth Carrico, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background

Lockdown measures to control COVID-19 have exacerbated the poverty epidemic. We hypothesized that the synergistic interaction of COVID-19 and poverty epidemics favors the development of more severe forms of COVID-19 in the population living in poverty. To test this hypothesis, we assessed whether an ecological association exists between the geographic distribution of hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia and markers of poverty in the city of Louisville, KY.

Methods

Using the geomasked home addresses of hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia in the city of Louisville, a kernel density heatmap was created. Kuldorff’s spatial scan statistic was used to calculate ...


Non-Selective Primary Human Tumor Cell Line Generation From Surgical Resections To Be Paired With Flash Frozen And Paraffin Embedded Tissue: Advancements In Democratizing Translational Research Materials To Rural Institutions, Jennifer Hawkins, Rebecca Russell, Logan M. Lawrence, Amrita Valluri, Jessica Wellman, Krista Denning 2021 Marshall University

Non-Selective Primary Human Tumor Cell Line Generation From Surgical Resections To Be Paired With Flash Frozen And Paraffin Embedded Tissue: Advancements In Democratizing Translational Research Materials To Rural Institutions, Jennifer Hawkins, Rebecca Russell, Logan M. Lawrence, Amrita Valluri, Jessica Wellman, Krista Denning

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Translational cancer research relies on the availability of human patient tissue demonstrating the specific disease process under investigation. Biobanks of human tissue have historically been and remain to date the primary access point for cancer research samples. Biorepositories routinely supply researchers with varying sample types for use in biomedical studies; most commonly formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue, or fresh snap-frozen tissue. In conjunction with preserved tissue samples, viable tumor cell lines derived from patient tissue have emerged to be a new gold standard in cancer research particularly in drug discovery and functional prognostic assays. Tissue banks providing these samples are ...


Streptococcus Anginosus Lung Infection And Empyema: A Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Nishita Tripathi, Kuldeep Ghosh, Anupama Raghuram 2021 University of Louisville

Streptococcus Anginosus Lung Infection And Empyema: A Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Nishita Tripathi, Kuldeep Ghosh, Anupama Raghuram

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Streptococcus milleri group (SMG) also referred to as the Streptococcus anginosus group. These are Gram-positive, variable hemolysis, catalase negative, microaerophilic, non-motile facultative anaerobes which have been known to cause abscesses in humans. We report a case of empyema caused by Streptococcus anginosus in a patient with an unresolved pneumonia for over a month. In early October 2018, the patient presented to an emergency room with the complaints of shortness of air, productive cough, chills, subjective fever and weight loss for 4 weeks. A chest X-ray revealed a left lower lobe pneumonia. He was treated with 250 mg of azithromycin for ...


Invasive Pneumococcal Serotype 3 Disease Despite Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine-23, B. Frank Parker Jr, Forest W. Arnold 2021 University of Louisville, Louisville, KY

Invasive Pneumococcal Serotype 3 Disease Despite Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine-23, B. Frank Parker Jr, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Pneumococcal disease has a high global morbidity and mortality. We report a case of a 63-year old female with a history of vaccination with pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine-23 (PPSV-23) who was transferred to a tertiary care facility with fever and seizures due to an unknown etiology. The diagnosis of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) was based the identification of Streptococcus pneumoniae in the blood (culture; serogroup 3) and cerebrospinal fluid (antigen), and the finding of purulence under pressure at craniotomy. The pneumococcal vaccine should provide protection from IPD. The findings reported here display that IPD can overcome immunity proffered by the pneumococcal ...


A Multi-Institutional Partnership Catalyzing The Commercialization Of Medical Devices And Biotechnology Products., Nathaniel Hafer, Bryan Buchholz, Denise Dunlap, Brennan Fournier, Scott Latham, Mary Ann Picard, Steven Tello, Laura L. Gibson, Craig M. Lilly, David D. McManus 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Multi-Institutional Partnership Catalyzing The Commercialization Of Medical Devices And Biotechnology Products., Nathaniel Hafer, Bryan Buchholz, Denise Dunlap, Brennan Fournier, Scott Latham, Mary Ann Picard, Steven Tello, Laura L. Gibson, Craig M. Lilly, David D. Mcmanus

COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors

The commercialization of medical devices and biotechnology products is characterized by high failure rates and long development lead times particularly among start-up enterprises. To increase the success rate of these high-risk ventures, the University of Massachusetts Lowell (UML) and University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS) partnered to create key academic support centers with programs to accelerate entrepreneurship and innovation in this industry. In 2008, UML and UMMS founded the Massachusetts Medical Device Development Center (M2D2), which is a business and technology incubator that provides business planning, product prototyping, laboratory services, access to clinical testing, and ecosystem networking to medical device ...


To Preprint Or Not To Preprint, Forest W. Arnold, Kimberley A. Buckner, Alex Glynn, Jessica Petrey, Jose Bordon 2021 University of Louisville

To Preprint Or Not To Preprint, Forest W. Arnold, Kimberley A. Buckner, Alex Glynn, Jessica Petrey, Jose Bordon

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Combinatorial Use Of Both Epigenetic And Non-Epigenetic Mechanisms To Efficiently Reactivate Hiv Latency, Joseph Hokello, Adhikarimayum Lakhikumar Sharma, Mudit Tyagi 2021 Kampala International University-Western Campus

Combinatorial Use Of Both Epigenetic And Non-Epigenetic Mechanisms To Efficiently Reactivate Hiv Latency, Joseph Hokello, Adhikarimayum Lakhikumar Sharma, Mudit Tyagi

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

The persistence of latent HIV provirus pools in different resting CD4+ cell subsets remains the greatest obstacle in the current efforts to treat and cure HIV infection. Recent efforts to purge out latently infected memory CD4+ T-cells using latency-reversing agents have failed in clinical trials. This review discusses the epigenetic and non-epigenetic mechanisms of HIV latency control, major limitations of the current approaches of using latency-reversing agents to reactivate HIV latency in resting CD4+ T-cells, and potential solutions to these limitations.


Assessing Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Screening And Need Among Men Who Have Sex With Men And Transgender Persons Of Color: A Mixed Methods Case Study Of The Impact Dmv Demonstration Project, Brittany C. Wilbourn 2021 The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences

Assessing Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Screening And Need Among Men Who Have Sex With Men And Transgender Persons Of Color: A Mixed Methods Case Study Of The Impact Dmv Demonstration Project, Brittany C. Wilbourn

Doctor of Philosophy in Translational Health Sciences Dissertations

Men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender persons of color experience disproportionate, multi-level HIV risks. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an evidence-based HIV prevention strategy; however, access to PrEP has been limited among this population. PrEP demonstration projects that target MSM and transgender persons and test the implementation of PrEP in real-world settings are underway. However, PrEP demonstration projects specific to MSM and transgender persons of color are limited and most demonstration projects do not consider the impact of the implementation process or organization contextual characteristics on PrEP outcomes. The Improve Measurable Participation and Access to Care and Treatment ...


Diagnosis And Management Of Adolescents With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome In Primary Care: A Mixed Method Study To Explore Provider Behaviors And Barriers And Facilitators To Practice, J. Leocadia Conlon 2021 George Washington University

Diagnosis And Management Of Adolescents With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome In Primary Care: A Mixed Method Study To Explore Provider Behaviors And Barriers And Facilitators To Practice, J. Leocadia Conlon

Doctor of Philosophy in Translational Health Sciences Dissertations

Background: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age, associated with complications of metabolic, reproductive, and psychological health. Adolescence is an optimal time for early identification of PCOS in order to mitigate long-term health risks. Pediatric primary care providers (pedPCPs) are the first-line for early identification and coordination of longterm comprehensive management. Limited information exists to describe how PCOS is addressed in primary care and if adolescent-specific guidelines are applied.

Objectives: Describe practice behaviors of pedPCPs in the diagnosis and management of PCOS, and identify barriers and facilitators to inform future interventions to optimize ...


The Precaution Adoption Process Model In Describing Emergency Action Plan Adoption, Samantha E. Scarneo-Miller, Douglas J. Casa, Shuang Yin, Timothy E. Moore, Yuki Murata, Johna Kay Register-Mihalik, Lindsay J. DiStefano 2021 West Virginia University

The Precaution Adoption Process Model In Describing Emergency Action Plan Adoption, Samantha E. Scarneo-Miller, Douglas J. Casa, Shuang Yin, Timothy E. Moore, Yuki Murata, Johna Kay Register-Mihalik, Lindsay J. Distefano

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the ability of the Precaution Adoption Process Model (PAPM) to classify athletic trainers (ATs) and athletic directors (ADs) readiness to act with regards to adopting an emergency action plan (EAP), and describe factors influencing PAPM stages. Method: We used a cross-sectional questionnaire design to evaluate readiness to act for developing an EAP among ATs and ADs working in United States high schools. The PAPM is a participant-driven model to identify someone’s readiness to act or change and has seven stages: Unaware, Unengaged, Undecided, Decided not to Act, Decided to Act ...


A New Chapter In The Life Of The Journal, Julio A. Ramirez 2021 University of Louisville

A New Chapter In The Life Of The Journal, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


International Respiratory Infections Society Covid Research Conversations: Podcast 3 With Dr. Antoni Torres, Julio A. Ramirez, Antoni Torres 2021 University of Louisville

International Respiratory Infections Society Covid Research Conversations: Podcast 3 With Dr. Antoni Torres, Julio A. Ramirez, Antoni Torres

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Section(s) Topics

1–4 Introductions

5 “Spanish” influenza

6–9 Dr. Torres’ personal thoughts and experiences

10 COVID-19 hospitalizations in Barcelona

11 A threatening phone call

12–13 Origin of the CIBERESUCICOVID project

14 Baseline characteristics

15 Bloodwork at hospital admission; ICU admission vs. day 3

16 Treatments

17 Complications

18 Outcomes related to interventions

19 Viral RNA load in plasma associated with critical illness and dysregulated response

20 Follow-up with health care workers

21 Medical education

22 Conclusions

23–26 Interleukin 6

27–29 Ventilatory approach

30–33 Post-COVID syndrome

34–38 Impact on health care workers

39 ...


A Transition Of Uljri Leadership, Forest W. Arnold, Jose Bordon 2021 University of Louisville

A Transition Of Uljri Leadership, Forest W. Arnold, Jose Bordon

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Challenges In Defining Long Covid: Striking Differences Across Literature, Electronic Health Records, And Patient-Reported Information, Halie M. Rando, Feifan Liu, Melissa A. Haendel 2021 University of Colorado

Challenges In Defining Long Covid: Striking Differences Across Literature, Electronic Health Records, And Patient-Reported Information, Halie M. Rando, Feifan Liu, Melissa A. Haendel

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

Since late 2019, the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has introduced a wide array of health challenges globally. In addition to a complex acute presentation that can affect multiple organ systems, increasing evidence points to long-term sequelae being common and impactful. The worldwide scientific community is forging ahead to characterize a wide range of outcomes associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection; however the underlying assumptions in these studies have varied so widely that the resulting data are difficult to compare. Formal definitions are needed in order to design robust and consistent studies of Long COVID that consistently capture variation in long-term outcomes. Even the ...


International Respiratory Infections Society Covid Research Conversations: Podcast 2 With Dr. Michael S. Niederman And Dr. Edward J. Schenck, Julio A. Ramirez, Michael S. Niederman, Edward J. Schenck 2021 University of Louisville

International Respiratory Infections Society Covid Research Conversations: Podcast 2 With Dr. Michael S. Niederman And Dr. Edward J. Schenck, Julio A. Ramirez, Michael S. Niederman, Edward J. Schenck

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Section(s) Topics

1–4 Introductions

5 COVID-19 in New York City

6–7 Telemedicine, long-term sequelae

8 Development of a multi-disciplinary ICU team

9–10 Treatment of ARDS, COVID-19 pathogenesis

11–12 Prioritizing treatment at research

13 Challenges in tracing the natural history of severe COVID-19

14–15 Experience with mechanically ventilated patients; non-pulmonary organ failure

16–17 Mapping COVID-19 trajectories by SOFA score

18–20 Findings: additive organ dysfunction, improving vs. worsening trajectory

21 ARDS therapeutic approaches

22 Clinical trials involving Cornell

23–25 Lessons learned: patient care, research, education, caring for critical care workers

26–30 2021 ...


Defining Early And Late Clinical Outcomes In Patients With Sars-Cov-2 Pneumonia, Julio A. Ramirez, Jose Bordon, Rodrigo Cavallazzi, Stephen P. Furmanek, Jiapeng Huang, Timothy L. Wiemken, Forest W. Arnold 2021 University of Louisville

Defining Early And Late Clinical Outcomes In Patients With Sars-Cov-2 Pneumonia, Julio A. Ramirez, Jose Bordon, Rodrigo Cavallazzi, Stephen P. Furmanek, Jiapeng Huang, Timothy L. Wiemken, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


H1n1 Influenza Virus (Swine Flu): A Comprehensive Insight Into Escalating Catch-22 Scenarios, Muhammad Shahzaib, Ehsan Ul Haq 2021 University of Sargodha, Sargodha

H1n1 Influenza Virus (Swine Flu): A Comprehensive Insight Into Escalating Catch-22 Scenarios, Muhammad Shahzaib, Ehsan Ul Haq

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Introduction: Viruses have always been a major cause of various disastrous pandemics in mankind’s history. H1N1 became a threat when its original strain was first discovered back in the swine flu pandemic of 2009. It became highly catastrophic on a large scale because none of the therapeutic interventions and methodologies that were already present at the time were effective against the virus.

Methods: A vast amount of literature and research is available regarding H1N1 influenza from different reputable sources online. The data was gathered following the contrasting and relative situations of 1918 as well as the 2009 pandemic in ...


Adapting A Traumatic Brain Injury Goals-Of-Care Decision Aid For Critically Ill Patients To Intracerebral Hemorrhage And Hemispheric Acute Ischemic Stroke, Kelsey Goostrey, Christopher Lee, Kelsey Jones, Thomas Quinn, Jesse Moskowitz, Jolanta J. Pach, Andrea K. Knies, Lori Shutter, Robert J. Goldberg, Kathleen M. Mazor, David Y. Hwang, Susanne Muehlschlegel 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Adapting A Traumatic Brain Injury Goals-Of-Care Decision Aid For Critically Ill Patients To Intracerebral Hemorrhage And Hemispheric Acute Ischemic Stroke, Kelsey Goostrey, Christopher Lee, Kelsey Jones, Thomas Quinn, Jesse Moskowitz, Jolanta J. Pach, Andrea K. Knies, Lori Shutter, Robert J. Goldberg, Kathleen M. Mazor, David Y. Hwang, Susanne Muehlschlegel

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

Objectives: Families in the neurologic ICU urgently request goals-of-care decision support and shared decision-making tools. We recently developed a goals-of-care decision aid for surrogates of critically ill traumatic brain injury patients using a systematic development process adherent to the International Patient Decision Aid Standards. To widen its applicability, we adapted this decision aid to critically ill patients with intracerebral hemorrhage and large hemispheric acute ischemic stroke.

Design: Prospective observational study.

Setting: Two academic neurologic ICUs.

Subjects: Twenty family members of patients in the neurologic ICU were recruited from July 2018 to October 2018.

Interventions: None.

Measurements and Main Results: We ...


International Respiratory Infections Society Covid Research Conversations: Podcast 1 With Dr. Francesco Blasi, Julio A. Ramirez MD, Francesco Blasi MD, PhD 2021 Center of Excellence for Research in Infectious Diseases, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY

International Respiratory Infections Society Covid Research Conversations: Podcast 1 With Dr. Francesco Blasi, Julio A. Ramirez Md, Francesco Blasi Md, Phd

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Section(s) Topics

1–2 Introductions

3 Foundations of best practice

4 COVID-19 as stimulus for innovation

5 Adapting and evolving therapeutic approach

6 Age and comorbidities as risk factors

7 Over-capacity ICU

8 Adapting the ER for COVID-19

9 Training personnel for COVID-19

10 Psychological support, healthcare heroes, and COVID fatigue

11 Increased oxygen requirement

12–13 Milan’s multi-disciplinary unit

14 Standardizing respiratory support measures

15 Nutrition, sedation, and life support

16 CPAP successes and failures

17 Prone and lateral positioning of patients on CPAP

18 Different COVID-19 phenotypes?

19 Thromboembolism risk score, age, and comorbidities

20 Cardiorespiratory ...


An Update On The Leading Covid-19 Vaccines, Ahmed A. Eladely, Javaria Anwer MBBS, Ashwini Gotimukul MBBS, Manish KC MBBS, Jessica Petrey MSLS, Alex Glynn MA, Ruth M. Carrico PhD, DNP, Julio A. Ramirez MD 2021 Center of Excellence for Research in Infectious Diseases, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA

An Update On The Leading Covid-19 Vaccines, Ahmed A. Eladely, Javaria Anwer Mbbs, Ashwini Gotimukul Mbbs, Manish Kc Mbbs, Jessica Petrey Msls, Alex Glynn Ma, Ruth M. Carrico Phd, Dnp, Julio A. Ramirez Md

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

We reviewed the COVID-19 vaccines that reached phase III of clinical development. For each of the 10 vaccines identified, we described the technology used for vaccine development, the available data from phase III clinical trials, data on vaccine safety, and the role of new SARS-CoV-2 variants on vaccine efficacy.


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