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Differential Effect Of Proinflammatory Cytokines On Corneal And Conjunctival Epithelial Cell Mucins And Glycocalyx, Kiumars Shamloo, Priya Mistry, Ashley Barbarino, Christopher Ross, Vishal Jhanji 2021 Chapman University

Differential Effect Of Proinflammatory Cytokines On Corneal And Conjunctival Epithelial Cell Mucins And Glycocalyx, Kiumars Shamloo, Priya Mistry, Ashley Barbarino, Christopher Ross, Vishal Jhanji

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Purpose: Ocular surface mucins and glycocalyx are critical for providing ocular hydration as well lubrication and repelling pathogens or allergens. Elevated levels of tear proinflammatory cytokines in dry eye may have detrimental effect on mucins and glycocalyx. The present study tested the effect of proinflammatory cytokines IL-6, TNF-α, and IFN-γ on membrane-tethered mucins expression, glycocalyx, and viability of ocular surface epithelial cells.

Methods: Stratified cultures of human corneal and conjunctival epithelial cells were exposed to different concentrations of IL-6, TNF-α, and IFN-γ for 24 hours. The mucins gene and protein expressions were quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and ...


Off-Pump Heartmate Ii Exchange In A Patient With Severe Lower Extremity Peripheral Artery Disease: A Case Report, Mehmet H. Akay, Ismael A. Salas De Armas, Manish K. Patel, Rajko Radovancevic, Igor D. Gregoric 2021 The University of Texas Health Science Center

Off-Pump Heartmate Ii Exchange In A Patient With Severe Lower Extremity Peripheral Artery Disease: A Case Report, Mehmet H. Akay, Ismael A. Salas De Armas, Manish K. Patel, Rajko Radovancevic, Igor D. Gregoric

The VAD Journal

Thrombosis of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) pumps is a serious complication that often requires exchange of the device. A 66-year-old man with severe peripheral vascular disease presented with pump thrombosis of the HeartMate II (HMII) LVAD 1.5 years after implantation. The HMII was exchanged to another HMII through a subcostal incision and without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. For safety, the patient was prepared for cardiopulmonary bypass by exposing the right subclavian artery and insertion of a 5 FR cannula in the left common femoral vein. The pump was exchanged through a subcostal incision made over the LVAD ...


Machine Learning Classification Of Traumatic Brain Injury Patients Versus Healthy Controls Using Arterial Spin Labeled Perfusion Mri, Vanessa I. Grass 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Machine Learning Classification Of Traumatic Brain Injury Patients Versus Healthy Controls Using Arterial Spin Labeled Perfusion Mri, Vanessa I. Grass

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most common causes of death and disability worldwide, yet accurate in vivo detection of TBI neuropathology remains challenging due to complexities in the structural and functional changes observed post-injury as well as limitations in conventional neuroimaging modalities. Although advanced neuroimaging techniques such as arterial spin labeling (ASL) can noninvasively assess cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes observed post-injury, this technique is underutilized in TBI research partly due to the low signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) inherent in ASL imaging. The aim of the current study is to examine the use of machine learning, specifically a Support ...


Maintaining Root Canal Curvatures After Preparation With Different Nickel-Titanium Rotary Systems (A Comparative In Vitro Study), Wael Betbout, Mohammad Al Shammaa, Roula S. Abiad 2021 B.D.S., MSc. Candidate, Division of Restorative and Endodontic, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Monastir, Tunisia

Maintaining Root Canal Curvatures After Preparation With Different Nickel-Titanium Rotary Systems (A Comparative In Vitro Study), Wael Betbout, Mohammad Al Shammaa, Roula S. Abiad

BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development

The ongoing advancement of materials and methods for root canal instrumentation is resulting in improved techniques with minimal variations to the canal morphology. One standard for assessment of the shaping quality of curved root canals is preparation-induced straightening of the canal. The aim of the study: To compare the effects of 2 Nickel-Titanium rotary systems, 2Shape (Micro-Mega, Besançon, France) and ProTaper Next (Dentsply,Sirona, Ballaigues, Switzerland), on maintaining the distobuccal canals curvature of extracted human maxillary molar teeth using periapical radiographs. Materials and methods: In this study a total of 26 distobuccal roots of upper maxillary molars were used and ...


Exploring The Usefulness Of Mindfulness Practices Through Zoom Meetings In Reducing Anxiety And/Or Stress Of Adults With Learning And Developmental Disabilities During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Thatiane Abra 2021 Lesley University

Exploring The Usefulness Of Mindfulness Practices Through Zoom Meetings In Reducing Anxiety And/Or Stress Of Adults With Learning And Developmental Disabilities During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Thatiane Abra

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

This thesis explored which mindfulness meditations or mindfulness practices could be beneficial in the online sessions, the extent to which adults with learning and developmental disabilities could learn the practices remotely, and how stress and anxiety disorders could be reduced through online mindfulness interventions. Furthermore, it was also necessary to address the online sessions as the only mental health treatment possibility during the Coronavirus pandemic for the clients observed and the benefits and limitations of these interventions. Additionally, the importance of structure and routine for this population, the multi-modal structure of the interventions, and how attunement plays an important role ...


Creating A Protein Chimera To Study Regulation Of Muscle Diversity, Shannon Scarboro 2021 Kennesaw State University

Creating A Protein Chimera To Study Regulation Of Muscle Diversity, Shannon Scarboro

Symposium of Student Scholars

Creating a protein chimera to study regulation of muscle diversity.

Body muscles are made of many individual super-cells, called muscle fibers, that have distinct properties and determine every individual’s strength and endurance. Initially all muscle fibers have identical characteristics, but become differentiated into specific types in adults. The mechanism of such transition is not well understood, despite its obvious importance for shaping human physicality.

Remarkable conservation of the muscle tissue enables us to use fruit flies to study the mechanisms of muscle fiber diversity. We hypothesized that the transcription factor Mef2 acts as a molecular switch that activates structural ...


A Diamidobenzimidazole Sting Agonist Protects Against Sars-Cov-2 Infection, Fiachra Humphries, Liraz Shmuel-Galia, Zhaozhao Jiang, Ruth Wilson, Philip Landis, Sze-Ling Ng, Krishna M. Parsi, Rene Maehr, John Cruz, Angel Morales-Ramos, Joshi M. Ramanjulu, John Bertin, G. Scott Pesiridis, Katherine A. Fitzgerald 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Diamidobenzimidazole Sting Agonist Protects Against Sars-Cov-2 Infection, Fiachra Humphries, Liraz Shmuel-Galia, Zhaozhao Jiang, Ruth Wilson, Philip Landis, Sze-Ling Ng, Krishna M. Parsi, Rene Maehr, John Cruz, Angel Morales-Ramos, Joshi M. Ramanjulu, John Bertin, G. Scott Pesiridis, Katherine A. Fitzgerald

COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors

Coronaviruses are a family of RNA viruses that cause acute and chronic diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract in humans and other animals. SARS-CoV-2 is a recently emerged coronavirus that has led to a global pandemic causing a severe respiratory disease known as COVID-19 with significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. The development of antiviral therapeutics are urgently needed while vaccine programs roll out worldwide. Here we describe a diamidobenzimidazole compound, diABZI-4, that activates STING and is highly effective in limiting SARS-CoV-2 replication in cells and animals. diABZI-4 inhibited SARS-CoV-2 replication in lung epithelial cells. Administration of diABZI-4 intranasally ...


Left Ventricular Assist Device Thrombosis Treated With Intravenous Tissue Plasminogen Activator In A Patient With Covid-19 Infection, Simone A. Jarrett, Jafar Alzubi, Savalan Babapoor-Farrokhran, Zaid Ammari, Mohammad Al-Sarie, Zachary Port, Farhan Hasni, Behnam Bozorgnia, Raphael Bonita 2021 Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia

Left Ventricular Assist Device Thrombosis Treated With Intravenous Tissue Plasminogen Activator In A Patient With Covid-19 Infection, Simone A. Jarrett, Jafar Alzubi, Savalan Babapoor-Farrokhran, Zaid Ammari, Mohammad Al-Sarie, Zachary Port, Farhan Hasni, Behnam Bozorgnia, Raphael Bonita

The VAD Journal

Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation is an established treatment for patients with end-stage, systolic heart failure as a bridge to heart transplantation or destination therapy. LVAD pump thrombosis is a life-threatening complication than can be triggered by prothrombotic conditions such as infection. Management of pump thrombosis presents as both a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge that is associated with a high morbidity and mortality. We report a case of pump thrombosis in a patient with a HeartMate II (Abbott Laboratories, Chicago, IL) and coronavirus (COVID-19) infection that was treated successfully with an intravenous thrombolytic, tissue plasminogen activator.


Portable Low Field Strength Mri: Preliminary Experience In Neonates And Children, Johnston Fite 2021 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Portable Low Field Strength Mri: Preliminary Experience In Neonates And Children, Johnston Fite

Research Days

Background: High field strength MRI (HF-MRI) is a pediatric imaging staple. However, HF-MRI access is limited by strong (1.5 – 3.0 T) magnetic fields with associated safety concerns, space requirements, and cost. To address these limitations, Hyperfine (Guilford, CT) developed a low magnetic field (0.064 T) portable MRI device, named Swoop. Preliminary data in adults shows benefits despite decreased image quality. In this study, initial evaluation of Swoop’s image quality in pediatric patients was assessed.

Objectives/Goal: The objective in this study was the initial evaluation of Swoop’s image quality in pediatric patients to serve as ...


Letting It Go: A Transformative Session Of Massage Therapy, Amanda Brauman King 2021 Zero Balancing Health Association

Letting It Go: A Transformative Session Of Massage Therapy, Amanda Brauman King

The International Journal of Zero Balancing and Transformative Touch

This personal essay the role of skilled touch, in this case massage therapy, in healing from loss.


Bleeding Disorder Referrals To Hematology Clinic: A Single Institution Experience, Zuri Hudson 2021 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Bleeding Disorder Referrals To Hematology Clinic: A Single Institution Experience, Zuri Hudson

Research Days

Background: Our center receives hundreds of referrals yearly for bleeding disorder evaluation both due to bleeding symptoms and secondary to routine preoperative laboratory testing. The evaluation for a bleeding disorder can be challenging due to the wide variability of symptoms as well as the need for accurately interpreting lab results. Bhasin et al showed that 4% of patients referred to hematology based on a preoperative coagulation evaluation had a clinically relevant bleeding disorder. Currently there is little published about the referral patterns to pediatric hematology and the outcomes of these referrals.

Objectives/Goal: To characterize our hematology referrals for bleeding ...


Prenatal Diagnosis Of An Uncommon Form Of A Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome Variant., Anmol Goyal 2021 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Prenatal Diagnosis Of An Uncommon Form Of A Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome Variant., Anmol Goyal

Research Days

Background: Mitral valve dysplasia syndrome (MVDS) is a rare form of congenital heart disease, similar to hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). Prenatal identification is important for counseling, delivery planning and postnatal management.

Case: A 39 year-old woman underwent fetal echocardiography at ~34 weeks gestation for evaluation of fetal cardiomegaly and hydrops revealing: biatrial enlargement, mild-to-moderate mitral and tricuspid valve insufficiency, echobright mitral valve apparatus, biventricular dilation, severe LV fibroelastosis (EFE) and systolic dysfunction, mild hypoplasia of aortic valve annulus and aortic arch, and a thick restrictive atrial septum (RAS) with left to right flow (Fig 1a-c).

Decision‐making: Although critical ...


From Professor To Patient X, Anne R. Crecelius 2021 University of Dayton

From Professor To Patient X, Anne R. Crecelius

Health and Sport Science Faculty Publications

I walked into the classroom feeling nervous. It wasn't my first time teaching undergraduate students about human endocrine physiology. I knew the material well. But today's lecture was different. I pulled up slides depicting a hypothetical cancer patient and told them, “Patient X had a biopsy that detected invasive carcinoma in her breast.” I described the many months of chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation treatments she went through before going into remission. Then I taught the students about the hormonal therapy she was prescribed—drugs her doctor hoped would limit the growth of any remaining cancer cells and prevent ...


Feasibility Of The Use Of A Stereoscopic Camera In The Final Inclusion (Sci-Fi) Of Donor Organ Assessment Using Virtual Reality Technology, Ismael A. Salas De Armas, Juan E. Marcano, Jayeshkumar A. Patel, Mehmet H. Akay, Manish K. Patel, Bindu Akkanti, Marwan F. Jumean, Sachin Kumar, Rajko Radovancevic, Sriram Nathan, Biswajit Kar, Igor D. Gregoric 2021 The University of Texas Health Science Center-Houston

Feasibility Of The Use Of A Stereoscopic Camera In The Final Inclusion (Sci-Fi) Of Donor Organ Assessment Using Virtual Reality Technology, Ismael A. Salas De Armas, Juan E. Marcano, Jayeshkumar A. Patel, Mehmet H. Akay, Manish K. Patel, Bindu Akkanti, Marwan F. Jumean, Sachin Kumar, Rajko Radovancevic, Sriram Nathan, Biswajit Kar, Igor D. Gregoric

The VAD Journal

Objective: Donor organ assessment is challenging, particularly when physicians and surgeons have to make decisions remotely. To improve communication and preparation for the transplant process, we proposed that a versatile, secure, and transportable video presence would enable a detailed assessment of donor organs.

Methods: A virtual reality camera with a 360-degree visualization range was used with a smartphone receiver to enable integral assessment of the donor's heart in the operating room, with visualization of the organs in real time. Prospective, observational data was collected in two cases in this proof-of-concept study. An assessment physician evaluated the donor heart remotely ...


Removal Of Impella In The Setting Of Left Ventricular Thrombus: A Potential Indication For Cerebral Embolic Protection Devices, Miro Asadourian, Avinash Sharma, Richard Kiel, Felice Lin, Manminder Bhullar 2021 UCSF Fresno

Removal Of Impella In The Setting Of Left Ventricular Thrombus: A Potential Indication For Cerebral Embolic Protection Devices, Miro Asadourian, Avinash Sharma, Richard Kiel, Felice Lin, Manminder Bhullar

The VAD Journal

Successful percutaneous mechanical circulatory support (MCS) has been used for acute stabilization of cardiogenic shock (CS). Improved survival outcomes have been observed in patients with CS from an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) who undergo implantation of left ventricular (LV) to ascending aorta rotodynamic pumps, such as the Impella® device (Abiomed). However, thrombotic events are a known complication of such devices in poor flow states such as CS. There is limited evidence regarding the management of patients who develop an LV thrombus after Impella insertion. Currently, the Sentinel cerebral protection system (SCPS, Boston Scientific) is the only FDA-approved device for cerebral ...


Design And Control Of A Peristaltic Pump To Simulate Left Atrial Pressure In A Conductive Silicone Model, Jeremy Collins 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Design And Control Of A Peristaltic Pump To Simulate Left Atrial Pressure In A Conductive Silicone Model, Jeremy Collins

Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

According to the CDC, atrial fibrillation is responsible for more than 454,000 hospitalizations and approximately 158,000 deaths per year. A common treatment for atrial fibrillation is catheter ablation, a process in which a long flexible tube is guided through the femoral artery and to the source of arrhythmia in the heart, where it measures the electrical potential at various locations and converts problematic heart tissue to scar tissue via ablation. This paper details the design and control of a low-cost ($400) peristaltic pump system using repetitive control to replicate blood pressure in the left atrium in a conductive ...


Preserving Safety While Upholding The Integrity Of Medical Education And Practical Skills: The Impact Of Covid-19 On Teaching Human Anatomy, Anna Cowan 2021 East Tennessee State University

Preserving Safety While Upholding The Integrity Of Medical Education And Practical Skills: The Impact Of Covid-19 On Teaching Human Anatomy, Anna Cowan

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The global pandemic caused by COVID-19 placed constraints on several aspects of normal life, especially those of higher level education. While many programs moved to teaching in a strictly online format, there are some courses in which this structure was not appropriate. This study observed the outcome of the adapted course structure employed at Quillen College of Medicine during their Gross Human Anatomy course. Through a voluntary survey and multiple independent t-tests, it was demonstrated that the students who took the adapted course performed, on average, 2 points lower on each exam than previous classes. Also, this study showed that ...


Effectiveness Of Visual Representations In Undergraduate Human Anatomy And Physiology I & Ii, Mary Agnes Mestayer 2021 University of Mississippi

Effectiveness Of Visual Representations In Undergraduate Human Anatomy And Physiology I & Ii, Mary Agnes Mestayer

Honors Theses

The objective of this project was to explore intersections between student preferences and student performance on anatomical visual representations in Human Anatomy and Physiology I and II. Visual representations are a critical resource for the formation of relationships between function and structure furthermore; students interpret these representations uniquely based on specific factors (learning objective, prior knowledge, the diagram studied, etc.). Phase I of this project gathered undergraduate responses to ten Likert-style questions on their opinions on diagrams and their use in the A&P classroom. Phase II of this project presented participants with twelve manipulated diagrams sourced from three diagram ...


Necroptosis, Pyroptosis And Apoptosis: An Intricate Game Of Cell Death, Damien Bertheloot, Eicke Latz, Bernardo S. Franklin 2021 University of Bonn

Necroptosis, Pyroptosis And Apoptosis: An Intricate Game Of Cell Death, Damien Bertheloot, Eicke Latz, Bernardo S. Franklin

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Cell death is a fundamental physiological process in all living organisms. Its roles extend from embryonic development, organ maintenance, and aging to the coordination of immune responses and autoimmunity. In recent years, our understanding of the mechanisms orchestrating cellular death and its consequences on immunity and homeostasis has increased substantially. Different modalities of what has become known as 'programmed cell death' have been described, and some key players in these processes have been identified. We have learned more about the intricacies that fine tune the activity of common players and ultimately shape the different types of cell death. These studies ...


Tight Trip Vs. Loose Grip On Russian Kettlebell Swing Work Capacity, Austin Deshner, Abigail McCarty, Jerrell C. Campbell, Andrew Fields, Will W. Peveler 2021 Liberty University

Tight Trip Vs. Loose Grip On Russian Kettlebell Swing Work Capacity, Austin Deshner, Abigail Mccarty, Jerrell C. Campbell, Andrew Fields, Will W. Peveler

Masters Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a tight grip(TG) and a loose grip(LG) on work capacity while performing Russian kettlebell swings(KBS). It was hypothesized that LG would result in an ability to perform more work. Thirty fit adults (16 male; 14 female) were tested. Two (TG and LG) separate counterbalanced trials for each subject were collected, counting the number of repetitions completed until volitional exhaustion. RPE for forearms and overall exhaustion were collected post-trial. SPSS was used to run a paired samples t-test. There was a significant difference between the two grips ...


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