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Behavioral Analysis Of Conditions And Treatments Affecting Movement And Nociception, Indu Mithra Madhuranthakam 2021 Rowan University

Behavioral Analysis Of Conditions And Treatments Affecting Movement And Nociception, Indu Mithra Madhuranthakam

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis work includes three projects. First part deals with the investigation of novel D2 receptor ligands in Prepulse inhibition. The goal of this study is to establish a relationship between dopamine receptor antagonists and agonists and prepulse inhibition which can then serve as a working model for an in-vivo efficacy of novel dopamine D2 drugs. The second part of the thesis work deals with Niemann pick disease type C. Niemann pick disease type C is a progressive genetic disorder that is characterized by the lysosomal accumulation of lipids which causes neurodegeneration, dementia, ataxia, and death. NPC1nmf164 mutant mice ...


Application Of Lean Six Sigma To Reduce The Cost Of Regulatory Noncompliance., Reham Nour, Chad Laux 2021 Purdue University

Application Of Lean Six Sigma To Reduce The Cost Of Regulatory Noncompliance., Reham Nour, Chad Laux

International Conference on Lean Six Sigma

1. Purpose

This research focused on the adoption of Six Sigma within FDA-regulated pharmaceutical companies to create an effective CAPA system for reducing the cost of noncompliance and supporting organizational performance.

2. Design/Methodology/Approach

This study utilized the DMAIC methodology, in a case study, to improve the CAPA process within a medical device company regulated by the FDA. All the critical requirements for compliance CAPA system was being defined from the FDA sources and the DMAIC model was be applied to improve and maintain CAPA performance.

3. Findings

Using the DMAIC approach supported identifying the bottlenecks and process variation ...


Differential Effect Of Proinflammatory Cytokines On Corneal And Conjunctival Epithelial Cell Mucins And Glycocalyx, Kiumars Shamloo, Priya Mistry, Ashley Barbarino, Christopher Ross, Vishal Jhanji 2021 Chapman University

Differential Effect Of Proinflammatory Cytokines On Corneal And Conjunctival Epithelial Cell Mucins And Glycocalyx, Kiumars Shamloo, Priya Mistry, Ashley Barbarino, Christopher Ross, Vishal Jhanji

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Purpose: Ocular surface mucins and glycocalyx are critical for providing ocular hydration as well lubrication and repelling pathogens or allergens. Elevated levels of tear proinflammatory cytokines in dry eye may have detrimental effect on mucins and glycocalyx. The present study tested the effect of proinflammatory cytokines IL-6, TNF-α, and IFN-γ on membrane-tethered mucins expression, glycocalyx, and viability of ocular surface epithelial cells.

Methods: Stratified cultures of human corneal and conjunctival epithelial cells were exposed to different concentrations of IL-6, TNF-α, and IFN-γ for 24 hours. The mucins gene and protein expressions were quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and ...


Engineering And Characterization Of Human Β-Defensin-3 And Its Analogues And Microcin J25 Peptides Against Mannheimia Haemolytica And Bovine Neutrophils, Harpreet Dhingra, Kamaljit Kaur, Baljit Singh 2021 University of Saskatchewan

Engineering And Characterization Of Human Β-Defensin-3 And Its Analogues And Microcin J25 Peptides Against Mannheimia Haemolytica And Bovine Neutrophils, Harpreet Dhingra, Kamaljit Kaur, Baljit Singh

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Mannheimia haemolytica-induced bovine respiratory disease causes loss of millions of dollars to Canadian cattle industry. Current antimicrobials are proving to be ineffective and leave residues in meat. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) may be effective against M. haemolytica while minimizing the risk of drug residues. Cationic AMPs can kill bacteria through interactions with the anionic bacterial membrane. Human β-Defensin 3 (HBD3) and microcin J25 (MccJ25) are AMPs with potent activity against many Gram-negative bacteria. We tested the microbicidal activity of wild-type HBD3, three HBD3 peptide analogues (28 amino acid, 20AA, and 10AA) derived from the sequence of natural HBD3, and MccJ25 ...


Report Of The National Institutes Of Health Sars-Cov-2 Antiviral Therapeutics Summit, Matthew D. Hall, James M. Anderson, Celia A. Schiffer, Anthony J. Conley, Mindy I. Davis 2021 National Institutes of Health

Report Of The National Institutes Of Health Sars-Cov-2 Antiviral Therapeutics Summit, Matthew D. Hall, James M. Anderson, Celia A. Schiffer, Anthony J. Conley, Mindy I. Davis

COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors

The NIH Virtual SARS-CoV-2 Antiviral Summit, held on November 6, 2020, was organized to provide an overview on the status and challenges in developing antiviral therapeutics for COVID-19, including combinations of antivirals. Scientific experts from the public and private sectors convened virtually during a live videocast to discuss SARS-CoV-2 targets for drug discovery as well as the preclinical tools needed to develop and evaluate effective small molecule antivirals. The goals of the Summit were to review the current state of the science, identify unmet research needs, share insights and lessons learned from treating other infectious diseases, identify opportunities for public-private ...


The Preparation Temperature Influences The Physicochemical Nature And Activity Of Nanoceria, Robert A. Yokel, Wendel Wohlleben, Johannes Georg Keller, Matthew L. Hancock, Jason M. Unrine, D. Allan Butterfield, Eric A. Grulke 2021 University of Kentucky

The Preparation Temperature Influences The Physicochemical Nature And Activity Of Nanoceria, Robert A. Yokel, Wendel Wohlleben, Johannes Georg Keller, Matthew L. Hancock, Jason M. Unrine, D. Allan Butterfield, Eric A. Grulke

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Cerium oxide nanoparticles, so-called nanoceria, are engineered nanomaterials prepared by many methods that result in products with varying physicochemical properties and applications. Those used industrially are often calcined, an example is NM-212. Other nanoceria have beneficial pharmaceutical properties and are often prepared by solvothermal synthesis. Solvothermally synthesized nanoceria dissolve in acidic environments, accelerated by carboxylic acids. NM-212 dissolution has been reported to be minimal. To gain insight into the role of high-temperature exposure on nanoceria dissolution, product susceptibility to carboxylic acid-accelerated dissolution, and its effect on biological and catalytic properties of nanoceria, the dissolution of NM-212, a solvothermally synthesized nanoceria ...


Evaluation Of Somatic Mutations In Solid Metastatic Pan-Cancer Patients, Moom Roosan, Isa Mambetsariev, Rebecca Pharaon, Jeremy Fricke, Angel R. Baroz, Joseph Chao, Chen Chen, Mohd W. Nasser, Ramakanth Chirravuri-Venkata, Maneesh Jain, Lynette Smith, Susan E. Yost, Karen L. Reckamp, Raju Pillai, Leonidas Arvanitis, Michelle Afkhami, Edward W. Wang, Vincent Chung, Mihaela Cristea, Marwan Fakih, Marianna Koczywas, Erminia Massarelli, Joanne Mortimer, Yuan Yuan, Surinder K. Batra, Sumanta Pal, Ravi Salgia 2021 Chapman University

Evaluation Of Somatic Mutations In Solid Metastatic Pan-Cancer Patients, Moom Roosan, Isa Mambetsariev, Rebecca Pharaon, Jeremy Fricke, Angel R. Baroz, Joseph Chao, Chen Chen, Mohd W. Nasser, Ramakanth Chirravuri-Venkata, Maneesh Jain, Lynette Smith, Susan E. Yost, Karen L. Reckamp, Raju Pillai, Leonidas Arvanitis, Michelle Afkhami, Edward W. Wang, Vincent Chung, Mihaela Cristea, Marwan Fakih, Marianna Koczywas, Erminia Massarelli, Joanne Mortimer, Yuan Yuan, Surinder K. Batra, Sumanta Pal, Ravi Salgia

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Metastasis continues to be the primary cause of all cancer-related deaths despite the recent advancements in cancer treatments. To evaluate the role of mutations in overall survival (OS) and treatment outcomes, we analyzed 957 metastatic patients with seven major cancer types who had available molecular testing results with a FoundationOne CDx® panel. The most prevalent genes with somatic mutations were TP53, KRAS, APC, and LRP1B. In this analysis, these genes had mutation frequencies higher than in publicly available datasets. We identified that the somatic mutations were seven mutually exclusive gene pairs and an additional fifty-two co-occurring gene pairs. Mutations in ...


Pharmacy Newsletter : June 2021, Pharmacy Department 2021 Aga Kahn University Hospital

Pharmacy Newsletter : June 2021, Pharmacy Department

Pharmacy Newsletter

Content:

  • Role of Pharmacist to Overcome the Challenges related to COVID-19 Vaccines
  • Myths & Facts about COVID-19 Vaccine
  • Medication Loss in the Tubing while Administration
  • One Pill can kill | Advancing your knowledge of Paediatric Toxicology
  • Chronic Therapy Medications During the Perioperative Period: To Continue or Discontinue?


Antibiotic Tolerance And Heteroresistance: Associated Fitness Costs And Potential In Evading Antibiotic Killing, Tina H. Dao 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Antibiotic Tolerance And Heteroresistance: Associated Fitness Costs And Potential In Evading Antibiotic Killing, Tina H. Dao

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a prominent human pathogen that causes both invasive and non-invasive diseases, such as otitis media, pneumonia, meningitis, and bacteremia. Although it is frequently an asymptomatic colonizer of the human nasopharynx, S. pneumoniae is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the immune compromised population, young children, and the elderly. Up until the 1970s, S. pneumoniae was susceptible to almost all antibiotics. Since then, this pathogen has gained resistance to a variety of antibiotic treatments, including beta-lactams, macrolides, and fluoroquinolones.

In the first chapter, we focused on fluoroquinolone resistance in S. pneumoniae. Fluoroquinolones are one of the ...


Hiv Research "Year In Review" In Haiti, Chris Delcher, June Bae, Shannan Rich, Jacob Peace 2021 University of Kentucky

Hiv Research "Year In Review" In Haiti, Chris Delcher, June Bae, Shannan Rich, Jacob Peace

Institute for Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy Reports

Introduction

For this issue of the Epidemiologic Surveillance Bulletin, we summarize the prior year’s research on populations living with HIV (PLWH) in Haiti for World AIDS Day 2020.

Methods

We retrieved 50 articles from PubMed (pubmed.gov) for articles written in English using the search term [Haiti* AND (HIV OR "human immunodeficiency virus" OR AIDS)] from December 2019 to November 19, 2020 (approximately 1 year). We included studies that of cohorts of people living with HIV in Haiti, patients enrolled from Haiti in multi-country clinical studies and studies involving populations at substantial risk of HIV in Haiti. We excluded ...


Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Opioid Use For Adolescents At Us Emergency Departments, Michael T. Phan, Daniel M. Tomaszewski, Cody Arbuckle, Sun Yang, Candice D. Donaldson, Michelle A. Fortier, Brooke Jenkins, Erik Linstead, Zeev N. Kain 2021 Chapman University

Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Opioid Use For Adolescents At Us Emergency Departments, Michael T. Phan, Daniel M. Tomaszewski, Cody Arbuckle, Sun Yang, Candice D. Donaldson, Michelle A. Fortier, Brooke Jenkins, Erik Linstead, Zeev N. Kain

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Racial/ethnic disparities in the use of opioids to treat pain disorders have been previously reported in the emergency department (ED). Further research is needed to better evaluate the impact race/ethnicity may have on the use of opioids in adolescents for the management of pain disorders in the ED.

Methods

This was a cross-sectional study using data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from 2006 to 2016. Multivariate models were used to evaluate the role of race/ethnicity in the receipt of opioid agonists while in the ED. All ED visits with patients aged 11–21 ...


Deprescribing In The Hospice Population, Who Is Eligible And Who Is Agreeable: A Quality Improvement Project, Ashlee Nicole Smith 2021 University of San Diego

Deprescribing In The Hospice Population, Who Is Eligible And Who Is Agreeable: A Quality Improvement Project, Ashlee Nicole Smith

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Current evidence recommends and supports deprescribing medications to reduce polypharmacy in the hospice population. The project aim was to determine accurate percentages of deprescribing at three time periods: before hospice admission, at hospice enrollment, and four weeks post hospice enrollment. This project was a retrospective review of the medication administration record (MAR) of patients admitted into Sharp Hospice from a Sharp Healthcare facility. Sharp Hospice, in California, USA, admitted 164 patients during August 2020. Of those, 34 patients were eligible for inclusion in this retrospective quality improvement review. Prior to discharge from a Sharp facility, the percentage of target medications ...


Effect Of Corporate Social Responsiblity Activities On Employee Engagement In The Lebanese Pharmaceutical Field, Ola Bazaza 2021 DBA Candidate, Faculty of Business Administration, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon

Effect Of Corporate Social Responsiblity Activities On Employee Engagement In The Lebanese Pharmaceutical Field, Ola Bazaza

BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development

This paper seeks to explore the interrelationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and employee engagement; first theoretically by reviewing the literature and secondly by surveying different respondents from across Lebanon working in different pharmaceutical fields. The aim of this paper was to seek a correlation between corporate social responsibility and how it would impact employee engagement and enthusiasm and if it would result in better return towards society. The data collected from the surveys was computed using SPSS program and the results in hand were analyzed in order to seek out the relation between the two studied factors. The results ...


Evaluating The Efficacy Of A Nursing-Driven Versus Provider-Driven Heparin Protocol, Naman Upadhyay, MD, Joseph Soucy, MD, Steven Manobianco, MD, Samantha Sokoloff, MD, Sairamya Bodempudi, MD, Veda Pejaver, MD, Max Ruge, MD, Lynda Thomson, PharmD, Lily Ackermann, MD 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Evaluating The Efficacy Of A Nursing-Driven Versus Provider-Driven Heparin Protocol, Naman Upadhyay, Md, Joseph Soucy, Md, Steven Manobianco, Md, Samantha Sokoloff, Md, Sairamya Bodempudi, Md, Veda Pejaver, Md, Max Ruge, Md, Lynda Thomson, Pharmd, Lily Ackermann, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

At Thomas Jefferson University Hospital patients who require heparin infusions are monitored either by nursing alone or the resident and the nurse together.

This project aims to determine:

  1. Which protocol more efficiently shortens the time to therapeutic?
  2. Are patients therapeutic longer under a certain protocol?
  3. Do more patients under either protocol suffer from bleeding complications?


Metabolites Profiling Of Coffee Seeds In Context To Their Origin, Processing And Gut Microbiota Interaction, Amr Abdelwareth 2021 American University in Cairo

Metabolites Profiling Of Coffee Seeds In Context To Their Origin, Processing And Gut Microbiota Interaction, Amr Abdelwareth

Theses and Dissertations

Coffee is among the most consumed beverages worldwide, with the present study to focus on the aroma and non-volatiles composition associated with coffee seeds processing, brewing methods and gut microbiota interaction. The study uncovered a large number of primary and secondary metabolites in diverse coffee products consumed in the Middle East in the context of its origin, roasting, and blends and microbiota mediated biotransformation products. First, aroma of authentic coffee specimens of Coffea arabica and Coffea robusta alongside with commercial products consumed in the Middle East were analyzed using HS-SPME coupled to GC-MS and modelled using multivariate data analyses (MVA ...


Efforts Toward Novel Methods For The Synthesis Of Stereochemically-Dense Pharmacologically Relevant Scaffolds, Lauren Nicole Tumbelty 2021 Rowan University

Efforts Toward Novel Methods For The Synthesis Of Stereochemically-Dense Pharmacologically Relevant Scaffolds, Lauren Nicole Tumbelty

Theses and Dissertations

Nitrogen is the most common pure element, present in nearly all relevant chemical compounds. It is an essential component of the building blocks of life such as proteins, nucleic acids, amino acids and adenosine tri-phosphate. There is a naturally occurring exchange between living organisms and the atmosphere which begins with the process of fixation. Although nitrogen is naturally abundant, the strength of the triple bond in atmospheric nitrogen prevents its applicability in organic synthesis. Therefore, the development of methods to place synthetic nitrogen into heteroatomic compounds plays an important role in the development of pharmacologically relevant scaffolds. Contained within this ...


Development Of A Binge-Like Eating Animal Model Using Foods Of Varying Palatability: Effects Of The Catecholamine Uptake Blocker Lisdexamfetamine, Ariba Memon 2021 University of Connecticut

Development Of A Binge-Like Eating Animal Model Using Foods Of Varying Palatability: Effects Of The Catecholamine Uptake Blocker Lisdexamfetamine, Ariba Memon

Honors Scholar Theses

Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is a psychiatric disorder that is characterized by the consumption of an excessive amount of food in a short period of time despite not being hungry. Numerous animal models have been developed that can induce binge-like eating behavior through limited access to a highly palatable food. One such model utilizes Cadbury’s milk chocolate that is very successful in inducing binge-like eating behavior in both male and female rats. Lisdexamfetamine (LDX), a d-amphetamine prodrug and the only FDA approved pharmaceutical treatment for BED, has been shown to significantly reduce chocolate consumption in the chocolate binge-like animal ...


Clinical Pharmacy Services And Medication Utilization In Hospice Care, Aishwarya Kulkarni 2021 Duquesne University

Clinical Pharmacy Services And Medication Utilization In Hospice Care, Aishwarya Kulkarni

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Background: As discussed within the guidelines from the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP), pharmacists are an integral part of the hospice multidisciplinary team involved in optimizing the treatments. Methadone, a long-active opioid, is particularly useful in this population but may be clinically underutilized. Additionally, the cost share of medication utilization in hospice and palliative care is shifting towards hospice providers. The assessment of medication utilization and methadone use in this setting can help develop overall cost/clinical optimization strategies. Thus, there is a need to understand the use and expenditure of various medications and pharmacists' role in providing methadone ...


Comparative Analysis Of Longevity And Stress Resiliency Benefits Of Supplementation With High-Antioxidative Capacity Juices In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Meghan Long 2021 University of Connecticut

Comparative Analysis Of Longevity And Stress Resiliency Benefits Of Supplementation With High-Antioxidative Capacity Juices In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Meghan Long

Honors Scholar Theses

Neurodegenerative disease presents itself in a complex array of illnesses that is increasingly affecting the geriatric population. There has not been research on a common cause since there are a culmination of reasons that are probable ranging from genetic to environmental factors. Antioxidants have been known to prevent and protect against the damage that is otherwise caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Thus, high-capacity antioxidant juices supplemented into the diet of animal models such as Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila melanogaster, rats, and humans will allow for the study of the possible benefits.

Although a conclusion and common causation on the usage ...


Multimodal Pain Control In Common Neonatal Surgeries: Post-Operative Pain Protocol Reduces Opiate Exposure And Side Effects, Jamesia Donato 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Multimodal Pain Control In Common Neonatal Surgeries: Post-Operative Pain Protocol Reduces Opiate Exposure And Side Effects, Jamesia Donato

Research Days

Background: Opioids are the primary post-operative (post-op) analgesic in neonates. Side effects include hypotension, apnea and ileus. Previous studies show IV acetaminophen decreases opiate need in specific populations including cleft palate repair, cardiac surgery. The effect of IV acetaminophen as part of a post-op pain algorithm is not known in common neonatal surgical procedures.

Objectives/Goal: To determine if (a) a post-op pain algorithm including IV acetaminophen and (b) IV acetaminophen exposure reduces cumulative opioid requirements in neonates undergoing common surgeries in the NICU.

Methods/Design: This is a retrospective cohort study comparing cumulative post-operative opiate exposure between infants with ...


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