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The Association Of Lower Medication Adherence And Increased Medical Spending, Ryan A. Fuchs 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

The Association Of Lower Medication Adherence And Increased Medical Spending, Ryan A. Fuchs

Capstone

Medical prescribing is a common occurrence in daily clinical practice. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2015-2016 45.8% of the U.S. population used prescription drugs in the past 30 days. (CDC, 2019) Although drug therapy can be effective in treating disease, full benefits are often not realized because many patients do not take their medications as prescribed. There is quite a bit of research out there about non-adherence to medication. Some studies focus on the financial impacts of non-adherence, but most of the studies examine the reasons for medication non-adherence. A gap exists in ...


Approvals And Prices Of Systemic Antibiotics In Saudi Arabia And The United States, Saad Alharthi 2022 Chapman University

Approvals And Prices Of Systemic Antibiotics In Saudi Arabia And The United States, Saad Alharthi

Pharmaceutical Sciences (MS) Theses

Introduction

Antibiotics is one of the therapeutic classes with the highest level of consumption in the world. Despite the global diffusion of antibiotics, their availability and prices vary by country. This study assessed differences in the availability and prices of systemic antibiotics marketed in the United States (US) and Saudi Arabia and evaluated the factors associated with the differences in prices of systemic antibiotics marketed in both countries.

Material and Methods

We collected regulatory data from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Saudi Food and Drug Authority (SFDA), the National Average Drug Acquisition Cost (NADAC) and the ...


Podium Presentation: Covid And Antidepressants: Ongoing Use Of Ssris And The Hospital Course Of Covid-19 Patients: A Retrospective Outcome Analysis, Sherri Mendelson 2022 Providence

Podium Presentation: Covid And Antidepressants: Ongoing Use Of Ssris And The Hospital Course Of Covid-19 Patients: A Retrospective Outcome Analysis, Sherri Mendelson

Providence Nurse Research Conference (2022 - present)

No abstract provided.


Evolving Opioid Administration Practices Among Adults Hospitalized With Cellulitis: An Evidence-Based Practice Project, Nonna Dobyns, Teresa Bigand, Kenn Daratha, Denise Ogorek, K Colorafi 2022 Providence

Evolving Opioid Administration Practices Among Adults Hospitalized With Cellulitis: An Evidence-Based Practice Project, Nonna Dobyns, Teresa Bigand, Kenn Daratha, Denise Ogorek, K Colorafi

Providence Nurse Research Conference (2022 - present)

No abstract provided.


High Dose Opioid Administration For Adults Hospitalized With Acute Pancreatitis, Sharaya Hundeby, Brenda Senger, Teresa Bigand 2022 Providence Sacred Heart

High Dose Opioid Administration For Adults Hospitalized With Acute Pancreatitis, Sharaya Hundeby, Brenda Senger, Teresa Bigand

Providence Nurse Research Conference (2022 - present)

No abstract provided.


Medication Administration Error Reporting And Just Culture: Ana And Nln Perspectives, Venisa Morgan, Janice Miles 2022 Providence St. Joseph Health

Medication Administration Error Reporting And Just Culture: Ana And Nln Perspectives, Venisa Morgan, Janice Miles

Providence Nurse Research Conference (2022 - present)

Background: Former Vanderbilt University Medical Center nurse, RaDonda Vought, was charged with criminally negligent homicide in March 2022 for a fatal drug error. Ms. Vought’s license was revoked and she was sentenced to three years of probation.

Purpose/aim: This poster presentation aims to inform attendants of the ethical principles involved in medication administration error reporting and the concepts of a Just Culture. This poster also aims to inform attendants of the American Nurses Association’s (ANA’s) and National League for Nursing’s (NLN’s) perspectives on the RaDonda Vought case, outcomes, error reporting, and Just Culture.

Methods ...


17Β-Estradiol Treatment Improves Acetylcholine-Induced Relaxation Of Mesenteric Arteries In Ovariectomized Uc Davis Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Rats In Prediabetic State, Md Rahatullah Razan, Farjana Akther, Rifat Ara Islam, James L. Graham, Kimber L. Stanhope, Peter J. Havel, Roshanak Rahimian 2022 University of the Pacific

17Β-Estradiol Treatment Improves Acetylcholine-Induced Relaxation Of Mesenteric Arteries In Ovariectomized Uc Davis Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Rats In Prediabetic State, Md Rahatullah Razan, Farjana Akther, Rifat Ara Islam, James L. Graham, Kimber L. Stanhope, Peter J. Havel, Roshanak Rahimian

School of Pharmacy Faculty Articles

We recently reported sex differences in mesenteric arterial function of the UC Davis type-2 diabetes mellitus (UCD-T2DM) rats as early as the prediabetic state. We reported that mesenteric arteries (MA) from prediabetic male rats exhibited a greater impairment compared to that in prediabetic females. However, when females became diabetic, they exhibited a greater vascular dysfunction than males. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate whether the female sex hormone, estrogen preserves mesenteric arterial vasorelaxation in UCD-T2DM female rats at an early prediabetic state. Age-matched female Sprague Dawley and prediabetic (PD) UCD-T2DM rats were ovariectomized (OVX) and subcutaneously implanted ...


Bio-Vascular 3d, Wisdom Shadrach 2022 Department of Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Munster Technological University, Kerry, Ireland

Bio-Vascular 3d, Wisdom Shadrach

ORBioM (Open Research BioSciences Meeting)

Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity across the world and according to the world health organization account for 32% of mortality rate globally. There still remain a need to develop better in vitro vascular models that would aid further in-depth understanding of cardiovascular pathogenesis and proposed therapeutic intervention.

This study intends to characterize four novel medically relevant synthetic polymer scaffolds, and one hydrogel, for their biocompatibility and potential application in a tissue engineered blood vessel (TEBV). A primary human endothelial cell line derived from the vein of the umbilical cord (HUVEC), and a human primary smooth ...


Biowill - Characterising Willow Bark Bio-Actives For Skin Therapies, Arnold Marisa 2022 Department of Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Munster Technological University, Kerry, Ireland

Biowill - Characterising Willow Bark Bio-Actives For Skin Therapies, Arnold Marisa

ORBioM (Open Research BioSciences Meeting)

Willow bark is considered as a disposable by-product when processing willow for biomass. Willow (Salix) is known to contain high value bioactive compounds which include salicin and its derivatives, and other phytochemicals of interest such as polyphenols and flavonoids. The plant is historically known as the primary source of salicylates to which the well-known drug aspirin is derived from. The work forms part of the Interreg project BioWILL, which is focused on integrated “Zero Waste” biorefinery utilising all fractions of willow feedstock for the production of biochemicals and renewable energy. This project aims to investigate the crude and processed bark ...


Managing Risk And Knowledge: Frameworks To Guide Knowledge-Enabled Technology Transfer, Martin Lipa Dr, Anne Greene 2022 PRST,TU Dublin

Managing Risk And Knowledge: Frameworks To Guide Knowledge-Enabled Technology Transfer, Martin Lipa Dr, Anne Greene

Level 3

Technology transfer is not only about the transfer of technology, but also about the transfer of knowledge, as evidenced by definitions of KM within the biopharma industry and beyond. However, knowledge transfer is often not well structured and its effectiveness – in particular for tacit knowledge (i.e., know how) – is an opportunity for improvement which can lead to many benefits. This article profiles recent research into the topic of improving knowledge transfer during technology transfer and presents several recently developed frameworks for improving such. The article furthermore explains how the frameworks can be co-deployed in support of robust knowledge transfer ...


The Implications Of Tacit & Explicit Knowledge For Technology Transfer: When It Goes Well & When It Goes Wrong & What Can Digital Do To Help!, Paige Kane Dr., David Twohig Dr. 2022 PRST,TU Dublin

The Implications Of Tacit & Explicit Knowledge For Technology Transfer: When It Goes Well & When It Goes Wrong & What Can Digital Do To Help!, Paige Kane Dr., David Twohig Dr.

Level 3

No abstract provided.


Emerging Technologies: Empowering People To Capture, Share And Transfer Tacit Knowledge, Donncadh J. Nagle, Melanie J. Adams 2022 TU Dublin

Emerging Technologies: Empowering People To Capture, Share And Transfer Tacit Knowledge, Donncadh J. Nagle, Melanie J. Adams

Level 3

ICH Q10 was published in 2008, and presented a model for an effective Pharmaceutical Quality System (PQS). However, the industry still has some way to go in embracing and implementing its principles in order to achieve greater product realisation, to establish and maintain a state of control, and to facilitate continual improvement.

ICH Q10 introduced us to two key enablers: Knowledge Management (KM) and Quality Risk Management (QRM).[1] While the pharmaceutical industry has made progress in implementing the principles of QRM since 2008, there has been significantly slower progress in implementing knowledge management practices. However, there may be solutions ...


People Perspectives In The Deployment Of Data Analytics For New Knowledge Generation In Pharmaceutical Manufacturing, Marcus O'Mahony Dr. 2022 Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Technology Centre, Bernal Institute, University of Limerick, Ireland

People Perspectives In The Deployment Of Data Analytics For New Knowledge Generation In Pharmaceutical Manufacturing, Marcus O'Mahony Dr.

Level 3

Digital medicine manufacturing of the future will almost certainly involve greater use of advanced analytics tools for more data-driven decision-making. In this article, the role of people in the deployment of data analytics tools within the pharmaceutical manufacturing setting is explored. Some perspectives are presented for how people can make sense of working cross-functionally on the analytics journey to deliver new knowledge and insights that enable data-driven decisions to be made. Data analytics is defined and is proposed as a critical common ground between the “on-the-ground” data practitioners and the decision-makers who act on new knowledge. Reference is made to ...


Steps Towards Digital Transformation In The Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Landscape Knowledge-Enabled Technology Transfer, Anne Greene Professor, Martin Lipa Dr 2022 PRST,TU Dublin

Steps Towards Digital Transformation In The Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Landscape Knowledge-Enabled Technology Transfer, Anne Greene Professor, Martin Lipa Dr

Level 3

No abstract provided.


Stereocontrolled Access To Δ-Lactone-Fused-Γ-Lactams Bearing Angular Benzylic Quaternary Stereocenters, Timothy K. Beng, Morgan J. Rodriguez, Claire Borg 2022 Central Washington University

Stereocontrolled Access To Δ-Lactone-Fused-Γ-Lactams Bearing Angular Benzylic Quaternary Stereocenters, Timothy K. Beng, Morgan J. Rodriguez, Claire Borg

All Faculty Scholarship for the College of the Sciences

C-fused γ-lactam-lactones are resident in several bioactive molecules, including anticancer agents such as omuralide. In this embodiment, we report mild conditions for the catalytic halolactonization of lactam-tethered 5-aryl-4(E)-pentenoic acids. The use of dichloromethane as the solvent and Ph3PS as the catalyst led to predominant 6-endo-trig cyclization and furnished the trans-fused-γ-lactam-δ-lactones. The transformation is modular, regioselective, chemoselective, and diastereoselective. The γ-lactam-δ-lactones bear angular quaternary benzylic stereocenters, which is noteworthy since the presence of a quaternary carbon in bioactive small molecules often promotes an element of conformational restriction that imparts potency, selectivity, and metabolic stability. The ...


Catchem Before They Fall Through The Cracks: Implementation Of A Comprehensive Atherosclerosis Treatment Collaborative Health System Transition Of Care Multidisciplinary Clinic, Youssef Bessada, Taki Galanis, Brandi Thoma, Luis Eraso, Walter Kraft, Geno Merli, Dina Orapallo, Lynda Thomson, Heather Yenser 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Catchem Before They Fall Through The Cracks: Implementation Of A Comprehensive Atherosclerosis Treatment Collaborative Health System Transition Of Care Multidisciplinary Clinic, Youssef Bessada, Taki Galanis, Brandi Thoma, Luis Eraso, Walter Kraft, Geno Merli, Dina Orapallo, Lynda Thomson, Heather Yenser

Pharmacy Presentations, Posters, and Grand Rounds

Introduction: Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is a common atherosclerotic cardiovascular (CV) disease that increases the risk for fatal and non-fatal CV events. Guidelines for the treatment of PAD recommend that in addition to necessary revascularization, general CV prevention with optimal medical therapy is of utmost importance and management is recommended to be multidisciplinary. While the prevalence of PAD in various practices is high, physician awareness of the PAD diagnosis is relatively low and the pharmacological component of preventative CV care is often underutilized resulting in patients receiving less intensive treatment. With new pharmacological agents, including advances in antithrombotic therapy, contributing ...


Crude Extract Of Desmodium Gangeticum Process Anticancer Activity Via Arresting Cell Cycle In G1 And Modulating Cell Cycle-Related Protein Expression In A549 Human Lung Carcinoma Cells, Yuh-Fung Chen, Yi-Hsien Lu, Huei-Yann Tsai 2022 China Medical University - Taiwan

Crude Extract Of Desmodium Gangeticum Process Anticancer Activity Via Arresting Cell Cycle In G1 And Modulating Cell Cycle-Related Protein Expression In A549 Human Lung Carcinoma Cells, Yuh-Fung Chen, Yi-Hsien Lu, Huei-Yann Tsai

BioMedicine

Background: Desmodium gangeticum (L.)DC., which belongs to the Leguminosae family, has been used in Taiwan and other subtropical countries as an external medicine to remove blood stasis, activate blood circulation, and reduce inflammation. It has been reported to have antioxidant effects and improve inflammatory responses in rats stimulated by pro-inflammatory agents and induced gastric ulcers in experimental animals over the past few decades. This plant has also been used to treat parasitic infections, but there are no reports regarding its effects on lung cancer. Therefore, this study attempted to investigate its water crude extract (in abbreviation DG) on lung ...


Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 1-Bound Extracellular Vesicle As Novel Therapy For Osteoarthritis, Bryan Gervais de Liyis, John Nolan, Made Agus Maharjana 2022 Udayana University, Bali

Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 1-Bound Extracellular Vesicle As Novel Therapy For Osteoarthritis, Bryan Gervais De Liyis, John Nolan, Made Agus Maharjana

BioMedicine

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a joint condition that causes significant impairment of the chondrocyte. The gradual degradation of the cartilage lining of one or more freely moving joints, as well as persistent inflammation, are the causes of osteoarthritis. Current medication focus on alleviating symptoms rather than curing the condition. The aim of this review is to evaluate the potential use of fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 extracellular vesicle as novel therapy for osteoarthritis. This review article was completed by searching for the keywords “Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 1”, “Extracellular Vesicle”, and “Osteoarthritis” in various journals in several search engines. Of the ...


Comparative Studies Between The Murine Immortalized Brain Endothelial Cell Line (Bend.3) And Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Human Brain Endothelial Cells For Paracellular Transport, Jiahong Sun, Weijun Ou, Derick Han, Annlia Paganini-Hill, Mark J. Fisher, Rachita K. Sumbria 2022 Chapman University

Comparative Studies Between The Murine Immortalized Brain Endothelial Cell Line (Bend.3) And Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Human Brain Endothelial Cells For Paracellular Transport, Jiahong Sun, Weijun Ou, Derick Han, Annlia Paganini-Hill, Mark J. Fisher, Rachita K. Sumbria

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Brain microvascular endothelial cells, forming the anatomical site of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), are widely used as in vitro complements to in vivo BBB studies. Among the immortalized cells used as in vitro BBB models, the murine-derived bEnd.3 cells offer culturing consistency and low cost and are well characterized for functional and transport assays, but result in low transendothelial electrical resistance (TEER). Human-induced pluripotent stem cells differentiated into brain microvascular endothelial cells (ihBMECs) have superior barrier properties, but the process of differentiation is time-consuming and can result in mixed endothelial-epithelial gene expression. Here we performed a side-by-side comparison of ...


Full- Versus Sub-Regional Quantification Of Amyloid-Beta Load On Mouse Brain Sections, Yuu Ohno, Riley Murphy, Matthew Choi, Weijun Ou, Rachita K. Sumbria 2022 Keck Graduate Institute

Full- Versus Sub-Regional Quantification Of Amyloid-Beta Load On Mouse Brain Sections, Yuu Ohno, Riley Murphy, Matthew Choi, Weijun Ou, Rachita K. Sumbria

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Extracellular accumulation of amyloid-beta (Aβ) plaques is one of the major pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and is the target of the only FDA-approved disease-modifying treatment for AD. Accordingly, the use of transgenic mouse models that overexpress the amyloid precursor protein and thereby accumulate cerebral Aβ plaques are widely used to model human AD in mice. Therefore, immunoassays, including enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunostaining, commonly measure the Aβ load in brain tissues derived from AD transgenic mice. Though the methods for Aβ detection and quantification have been well established and documented, the impact of the size of ...


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