Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

6,361 Full-Text Articles 14,413 Authors 1,618,895 Downloads 220 Institutions

All Articles in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Faceted Search

6,361 full-text articles. Page 1 of 266.

The Preparation Temperature Influences The Physicochemical Nature And Activity Of Nanoceria, Robert A. Yokel, Wendel Wohlleben, Johannes Georg Keller, Matthew L. Hancock, Jason M. Unrine, D. Allan Butterfield, Eric A. Grulke 2021 University of Kentucky

The Preparation Temperature Influences The Physicochemical Nature And Activity Of Nanoceria, Robert A. Yokel, Wendel Wohlleben, Johannes Georg Keller, Matthew L. Hancock, Jason M. Unrine, D. Allan Butterfield, Eric A. Grulke

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Cerium oxide nanoparticles, so-called nanoceria, are engineered nanomaterials prepared by many methods that result in products with varying physicochemical properties and applications. Those used industrially are often calcined, an example is NM-212. Other nanoceria have beneficial pharmaceutical properties and are often prepared by solvothermal synthesis. Solvothermally synthesized nanoceria dissolve in acidic environments, accelerated by carboxylic acids. NM-212 dissolution has been reported to be minimal. To gain insight into the role of high-temperature exposure on nanoceria dissolution, product susceptibility to carboxylic acid-accelerated dissolution, and its effect on biological and catalytic properties of nanoceria, the dissolution of NM-212, a solvothermally synthesized nanoceria ...


Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Opioid Use For Adolescents At Us Emergency Departments, Michael T. Phan, Daniel M. Tomaszewski, Cody Arbuckle, Sun Yang, Candice D. Donaldson, Michelle A. Fortier, Brooke Jenkins, Erik Linstead, Zeev N. Kain 2021 Chapman University

Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Opioid Use For Adolescents At Us Emergency Departments, Michael T. Phan, Daniel M. Tomaszewski, Cody Arbuckle, Sun Yang, Candice D. Donaldson, Michelle A. Fortier, Brooke Jenkins, Erik Linstead, Zeev N. Kain

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Racial/ethnic disparities in the use of opioids to treat pain disorders have been previously reported in the emergency department (ED). Further research is needed to better evaluate the impact race/ethnicity may have on the use of opioids in adolescents for the management of pain disorders in the ED.

Methods

This was a cross-sectional study using data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from 2006 to 2016. Multivariate models were used to evaluate the role of race/ethnicity in the receipt of opioid agonists while in the ED. All ED visits with patients aged 11–21 ...


Deprescribing In The Hospice Population, Who Is Eligible And Who Is Agreeable: A Quality Improvement Project, Ashlee Nicole Smith 2021 University of San Diego

Deprescribing In The Hospice Population, Who Is Eligible And Who Is Agreeable: A Quality Improvement Project, Ashlee Nicole Smith

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Current evidence recommends and supports deprescribing medications to reduce polypharmacy in the hospice population. The project aim was to determine accurate percentages of deprescribing at three time periods: before hospice admission, at hospice enrollment, and four weeks post hospice enrollment. This project was a retrospective review of the medication administration record (MAR) of patients admitted into Sharp Hospice from a Sharp Healthcare facility. Sharp Hospice, in California, USA, admitted 164 patients during August 2020. Of those, 34 patients were eligible for inclusion in this retrospective quality improvement review. Prior to discharge from a Sharp facility, the percentage of target medications ...


Effect Of Corporate Social Responsiblity Activities On Employee Engagement In The Lebanese Pharmaceutical Field, Ola Bazaza 2021 DBA Candidate, Faculty of Business Administration, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon

Effect Of Corporate Social Responsiblity Activities On Employee Engagement In The Lebanese Pharmaceutical Field, Ola Bazaza

BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development

This paper seeks to explore the interrelationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and employee engagement; first theoretically by reviewing the literature and secondly by surveying different respondents from across Lebanon working in different pharmaceutical fields. The aim of this paper was to seek a correlation between corporate social responsibility and how it would impact employee engagement and enthusiasm and if it would result in better return towards society. The data collected from the surveys was computed using SPSS program and the results in hand were analyzed in order to seek out the relation between the two studied factors. The results ...


Metabolites Profiling Of Coffee Seeds In Context To Their Origin, Processing And Gut Microbiota Interaction, Amr Abdelwareth 2021 American University in Cairo

Metabolites Profiling Of Coffee Seeds In Context To Their Origin, Processing And Gut Microbiota Interaction, Amr Abdelwareth

Theses and Dissertations

Coffee is among the most consumed beverages worldwide, with the present study to focus on the aroma and non-volatiles composition associated with coffee seeds processing, brewing methods and gut microbiota interaction. The study uncovered a large number of primary and secondary metabolites in diverse coffee products consumed in the Middle East in the context of its origin, roasting, and blends and microbiota mediated biotransformation products. First, aroma of authentic coffee specimens of Coffea arabica and Coffea robusta alongside with commercial products consumed in the Middle East were analyzed using HS-SPME coupled to GC-MS and modelled using multivariate data analyses (MVA ...


Efforts Toward Novel Methods For The Synthesis Of Stereochemically-Dense Pharmacologically Relevant Scaffolds, Lauren Nicole Tumbelty 2021 Rowan University

Efforts Toward Novel Methods For The Synthesis Of Stereochemically-Dense Pharmacologically Relevant Scaffolds, Lauren Nicole Tumbelty

Theses and Dissertations

Nitrogen is the most common pure element, present in nearly all relevant chemical compounds. It is an essential component of the building blocks of life such as proteins, nucleic acids, amino acids and adenosine tri-phosphate. There is a naturally occurring exchange between living organisms and the atmosphere which begins with the process of fixation. Although nitrogen is naturally abundant, the strength of the triple bond in atmospheric nitrogen prevents its applicability in organic synthesis. Therefore, the development of methods to place synthetic nitrogen into heteroatomic compounds plays an important role in the development of pharmacologically relevant scaffolds. Contained within this ...


Clinical Pharmacy Services And Medication Utilization In Hospice Care, Aishwarya Kulkarni 2021 Duquesne University

Clinical Pharmacy Services And Medication Utilization In Hospice Care, Aishwarya Kulkarni

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Background: As discussed within the guidelines from the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP), pharmacists are an integral part of the hospice multidisciplinary team involved in optimizing the treatments. Methadone, a long-active opioid, is particularly useful in this population but may be clinically underutilized. Additionally, the cost share of medication utilization in hospice and palliative care is shifting towards hospice providers. The assessment of medication utilization and methadone use in this setting can help develop overall cost/clinical optimization strategies. Thus, there is a need to understand the use and expenditure of various medications and pharmacists' role in providing methadone ...


Multimodal Pain Control In Common Neonatal Surgeries: Post-Operative Pain Protocol Reduces Opiate Exposure And Side Effects, Jamesia Donato 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Multimodal Pain Control In Common Neonatal Surgeries: Post-Operative Pain Protocol Reduces Opiate Exposure And Side Effects, Jamesia Donato

Research Days

Background: Opioids are the primary post-operative (post-op) analgesic in neonates. Side effects include hypotension, apnea and ileus. Previous studies show IV acetaminophen decreases opiate need in specific populations including cleft palate repair, cardiac surgery. The effect of IV acetaminophen as part of a post-op pain algorithm is not known in common neonatal surgical procedures.

Objectives/Goal: To determine if (a) a post-op pain algorithm including IV acetaminophen and (b) IV acetaminophen exposure reduces cumulative opioid requirements in neonates undergoing common surgeries in the NICU.

Methods/Design: This is a retrospective cohort study comparing cumulative post-operative opiate exposure between infants with ...


Myeloid Arginase 1 Insufficiency Exacerbates Amyloid-Β Associated Neurodegenerative Pathways And Glial Signatures In A Mouse Model Of Alzheimer’S Disease: A Targeted Transcriptome Analysis, Chao Ma, Jerry B. Hunt, Andrii Kovalenko, Huimin Liang, Maj-Linda B. Selenica, Michael B. Orr, Bei Zhang, John C. Gensel, David J. Feola, Marcia N. Gordon, Dave Morgan, Paula C. Bickford, Daniel C. Lee 2021 University of Kentucky

Myeloid Arginase 1 Insufficiency Exacerbates Amyloid-Β Associated Neurodegenerative Pathways And Glial Signatures In A Mouse Model Of Alzheimer’S Disease: A Targeted Transcriptome Analysis, Chao Ma, Jerry B. Hunt, Andrii Kovalenko, Huimin Liang, Maj-Linda B. Selenica, Michael B. Orr, Bei Zhang, John C. Gensel, David J. Feola, Marcia N. Gordon, Dave Morgan, Paula C. Bickford, Daniel C. Lee

Sanders-Brown Center on Aging Faculty Publications

Brain myeloid cells, include infiltrating macrophages and resident microglia, play an essential role in responding to and inducing neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) implicate many AD casual and risk genes enriched in brain myeloid cells. Coordinated arginine metabolism through arginase 1 (Arg1) is critical for brain myeloid cells to perform biological functions, whereas dysregulated arginine metabolism disrupts them. Altered arginine metabolism is proposed as a new biomarker pathway for AD. We previously reported Arg1 deficiency in myeloid biased cells using lysozyme M (LysM) promoter-driven deletion worsened amyloidosis-related neuropathology and behavioral impairment. However, it ...


Evaluation Of A Keratin 1 Targeting Peptide-Doxorubicin Conjugate In A Mouse Model Of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer, Azam Saghaeidehkordi, Shiuan Chen, Sun Yang, Kamaljit Kaur 2021 Chapman University

Evaluation Of A Keratin 1 Targeting Peptide-Doxorubicin Conjugate In A Mouse Model Of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer, Azam Saghaeidehkordi, Shiuan Chen, Sun Yang, Kamaljit Kaur

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Chemotherapy is the main treatment for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), a subtype of breast cancer that is aggressive with a poor prognosis. While chemotherapeutics are potent, these agents lack specificity and are equally toxic to cancer and nonmalignant cells and tissues. Targeted therapies for TNBC treatment could lead to more safe and efficacious drugs. We previously engineered a breast cancer cell targeting peptide 18-4 that specifically binds cell surface receptor keratin 1 (K1) on breast cancer cells. A conjugate of peptide 18-4 and doxorubicin (Dox) containing an acid-sensitive hydrazone linker showed specific toxicity toward TNBC cells. Here, we report the ...


Apigenin And Structurally Related Flavonoids Allosterically Potentiate The Function Of Human Α7-Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors Expressed In Sh-Ep1 Cells, Waheed Shabbir, Keun-Hang Susan Yang, Bassem Sadek, Murat Oz 2021 University of California, San Francisco

Apigenin And Structurally Related Flavonoids Allosterically Potentiate The Function Of Human Α7-Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors Expressed In Sh-Ep1 Cells, Waheed Shabbir, Keun-Hang Susan Yang, Bassem Sadek, Murat Oz

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

Phytochemicals, such as monoterpenes, polyphenols, curcuminoids, and flavonoids, are known to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, neuroprotective, and procognitive effects. In this study, the effects of several polyhydroxy flavonoids, as derivatives of differently substituted 5,7-dihydroxy-4H-chromen-4-one including apigenin, genistein, luteolin, kaempferol, quercetin, gossypetin, and phloretin with different lipophilicities (cLogP), as well as topological polar surface area (TPSA), were tested for induction of Ca2+ transients by α7 human nicotinic acetylcholine (α7 nACh) receptors expressed in SH-EP1 cells. Apigenin (10 μM) caused a significant potentiation of ACh (30 μM)-induced Ca2+ transients, but did not affect Ca2+ transients induced by high ...


The Effects Of Dexmedetomidine On Preventing/Decreasing Severity Of Delirium When Given To Surgical Intensive Care Unit Patients: A Systematic Review Of Randomized Control Trials, Lindsey Hettish 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Effects Of Dexmedetomidine On Preventing/Decreasing Severity Of Delirium When Given To Surgical Intensive Care Unit Patients: A Systematic Review Of Randomized Control Trials, Lindsey Hettish

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

The purpose of this systematic review was to integrate research evidence from studies published from 2010 to 2020 on the relationship between administration of dexmedetomidine and severity/prevalence of postprocedural delirium in patients in the surgical intensive care unit. In this review, clinical trial studies were recovered by searching the MEDLINE Complete and PubMed databases and utilizing MeSH terminology search. The MeSH terms utilized to search for applicable articles on PubMed included: “intensive care units” or “critical care” or “critical care nursing”, and “delirium”, “dexmedetomidine”, and “surgical procedures, operative”. On MEDLINE Complete, the search terms utilized were “ICU or intensive ...


Psychedelics Can Save: The Scientific And Social Case For Rescheduling Psychedelic Compounds, Galen M. Fader 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Psychedelics Can Save: The Scientific And Social Case For Rescheduling Psychedelic Compounds, Galen M. Fader

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Mental Health Stigma Among Pharmacy Professionals And The Need For Continuing Education, Victoria Dale 2021 University of Mississippi

Mental Health Stigma Among Pharmacy Professionals And The Need For Continuing Education, Victoria Dale

Honors Theses

Background. The mental health stigma of pharmacists, the most accessible health professional, can have a significant impact on not only how these patients seek treatment, but also their quality of life (Mey et al., 2013). This study intends to explore mental health stigma among pharmacists and also examine the need for continuing education focused on mental health.

Methods. This study was a descriptive cross-sectional study that employed a self-administered online survey. The subjects were pharmacist members of the Mississippi Pharmacists Association (MPhA). Demographic characteristics were collected. The level of mental health stigma among the respondents was examined using the Community ...


Evaluation Of Medication History Technician (Mht) Expansion At A Large Tertiary Medical Center, Sarah Auer, Rochelle Castrillo, Tony Lucchi 2021 Providence Newport

Evaluation Of Medication History Technician (Mht) Expansion At A Large Tertiary Medical Center, Sarah Auer, Rochelle Castrillo, Tony Lucchi

Providence Pharmacy PGY1 Program at Providence Milwaukie and Providence Newberg Medical Centers 2021

Background

• The yearly joint commission National Patient Safety Goals for 2020 and 2021 stress the importance of using medications safely which includes an emphasis on medication reconciliation and decreasing medication discrepancies. 1,2 o Pharmacy Medication History Technicians (MHTs) work as an integral part of the medication reconciliation process to gather complete medication histories o The goal of medication reconciliation is to decrease medication discrepancies  decreased medication related adverse events  improve patient outcomes • Pharmacist run medication reconciliation programs have shown decreased medication errors by over 80% when compared to standard medication reconciliation performed by nurses or other healthcare providers. 3 ...


Evaluation Of Specialty Pharmacy Productivity Metrics To Create An Updated Standardized Productivity Tool, Linda Huynh, Adam Saulles, Amber Franck 2021 Providence St. Vincent

Evaluation Of Specialty Pharmacy Productivity Metrics To Create An Updated Standardized Productivity Tool, Linda Huynh, Adam Saulles, Amber Franck

Providence Pharmacy PGY1 Program at Providence Portland and Providence St. Vincent Medical Centers 2021

Background

• The number of specialty pharmacy medications has increased and is only projected to grow as more medications are approved for complex, chronic disease states 1,2 • Specialty medications are associated with high costs, high risks, and high complexity requiring extensive time and efforts to make medications safe and affordable for patients. • Much of this health system based specialty pharmacy’s productivity has been measured using a weighted scoring system for new vs. refill prescriptions. • With updated specialty pharmacy accreditation standards, stricter payer requirements, and shifting limited distribution medication complexities, there is a substantial focus on quality, clinical outcomes, patient ...


Evaluation Of Provider Adherence To Antibiotic Selection Following The Implementation Of Antimicrobial Stewardship Committee Recommendations For The Empiric Treatment Of Hospitalized Adults With Urinary Tract Infections, James E. Watkins, Alyssa B Christensen, Brent Footer 2021 Providence St. Joseph Health

Evaluation Of Provider Adherence To Antibiotic Selection Following The Implementation Of Antimicrobial Stewardship Committee Recommendations For The Empiric Treatment Of Hospitalized Adults With Urinary Tract Infections, James E. Watkins, Alyssa B Christensen, Brent Footer

Providence Pharmacy PGY1 Program at Providence Portland and Providence St. Vincent Medical Centers 2021

Background

• Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common indications for prescribing antibiotics in the inpatient setting. • Recent literature suggests that not all patients are prescribed empiric antibiotics that are adherent to Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines. • Arguably the most positive, predictable impact on provider adherence to guideline-based treatment regimens is achieved when evidence-based recommendations are made easily accessible. • The causative organism at the time of diagnosis and initiation of antibiotic therapy for a UTI is generally unknown: patients are often prescribed broad-spectrum therapy that may be unnecessary. • Inappropriate treatment of infections has been shown to ...


Evaluate Opioid Prescribing Trends For Elderplace, A Program For All-Inclusive Care For The Elderly (Pace), Jacqueline Figueras, Loann Wong, Sharon Leigh 2021 Providence Portland Medical Center

Evaluate Opioid Prescribing Trends For Elderplace, A Program For All-Inclusive Care For The Elderly (Pace), Jacqueline Figueras, Loann Wong, Sharon Leigh

Providence Pharmacy PGY1 Program at Providence Portland and Providence St. Vincent Medical Centers 2021

Background

• Providence ElderPlace in Oregon is the fifth-largest PACE program in the country that offers wraparound nursing home-eligible medical and social services to over 1600 community-dwelling seniors who are medically frail with complex medication regimens. • Many elderly patients suffer from chronic nonmalignant pain which may affect their function and quality of life. • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports a 7.7% increase in drug overdoses and opioid deaths in the aging population from 2013 to 2014. • In 2015-2016 elderly adults obtained an annual average of 774 Morphine Milligram Equivalents (MME) of outpatient prescriptions for chronic & acute pain ...


Financial Impact Of A Regional Antimicrobial Stewardship Cost Saving Initiative In A Large Integrated Health Care System, Van Nguyen, Colton Taylor, Alyssa B Christensen, Brent Footer 2021 Providence St. Vincent

Financial Impact Of A Regional Antimicrobial Stewardship Cost Saving Initiative In A Large Integrated Health Care System, Van Nguyen, Colton Taylor, Alyssa B Christensen, Brent Footer

Providence Pharmacy PGY1 Program at Providence Portland and Providence St. Vincent Medical Centers 2021

Background

• Since 2017, antimicrobial stewardship is a Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and The Joint Commission (TJC) requirement for all acute care hospitals, critical access hospitals, and nursing care centers. •Given the current evidence supporting the utilization of extended-infusion beta-lactams, the system transitioned all its acute care facilities within the region to extended-infusion piperacillin/tazobactam (TZP) in March 2016 •According to Bauer et al, the median length of stay and hospital costs were significantly less for patients admitted to the ICU who received extended-infusion cefepime for bacteremia and/or pneumonia

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to evaluate ...


An Evaluation Of The Use Of Tranexamic Acid In The Treatment Of Bradykinin-Mediated Angioedema In The Emergency Department, Sarah YB Kim, Carol Keller 2021 Providence

An Evaluation Of The Use Of Tranexamic Acid In The Treatment Of Bradykinin-Mediated Angioedema In The Emergency Department, Sarah Yb Kim, Carol Keller

Providence Pharmacy PGY1 Program at Providence Milwaukie and Providence Newberg Medical Centers 2021

Background

Bradykinin mediated angioedema is an overarching term that includes idiopathic angioedema, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) induced angioedema and hereditary angioedema (HAE). •This is an emergent condition that must be treated with the utmost urgency due to the fatal outcomes associated with the rapid constriction of the throat. •Bradykinin mediated angioedema is treated differently from histamine associated angioedema due to its resistance to corticosteroids and antihistamines. •HAE and ACEi induced angioedema are treated similarly but there is a lack of unanimity in the first line pharmacologic treatment. •Current treatment options include fresh frozen plasma, bradykinin-2 receptor antagonists, plasma-kallikrein inhibitors ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress