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Promoting Mammography Screenings In African American Women: Media, Church, And Health Providers, LaSonya Little, Debra C. Wallace, K.Jay Poole 2023 University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Promoting Mammography Screenings In African American Women: Media, Church, And Health Providers, Lasonya Little, Debra C. Wallace, K.Jay Poole

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Due to the underutilization of screening mammography, African American women (AAW) are more likely to experience negative health outcomes after receiving a late-stage breast cancer diagnosis than White Women (WW). The purpose of this article is to examine the roles of the media, health community and the African American church and pastor and their potential impact in AAW screening decisions. Fifteen AAW, ages 45 and older, were invited to participate in a semi-structured interview. Most women agreed the African American pastor and church as well as the health community, and media are an integral part of their lives. Therefore, specific …


An American Medical Economics Phenomenon, Richard Guthmann MD, MPH 2023 Advocate Illinois Masonic Family Medicine Residency

An American Medical Economics Phenomenon, Richard Guthmann Md, Mph

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

The author reflects on his own experience with medical economics-driven phenomena in healthcare.


Increase In Hnrnpa1 Expression Suffices To Kill Motor Neurons In Transgenic Rats, Xionghao Liu, Tingting Zhang, Qinxue Wu, Cao Huang, Xu-Gang Xia, Hongxia Zhou, Bo Huang 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Increase In Hnrnpa1 Expression Suffices To Kill Motor Neurons In Transgenic Rats, Xionghao Liu, Tingting Zhang, Qinxue Wu, Cao Huang, Xu-Gang Xia, Hongxia Zhou, Bo Huang

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

A dominant mutation in hnRNPA1 causes amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), but it is not known whether this mutation leads to motor neuron death through increased or decreased function. To elucidate the relationship between pathogenic hnRNPA1 mutation and its native function, we created novel transgenic rats that overexpressed wildtype rat hnRNPA1 exclusively in motor neurons. This targeted expression of wildtype hnRNPA1 caused severe motor neuron loss and subsequent denervation muscle atrophy in transgenic rats that recapitulated the characteristics of ALS. These findings demonstrate that the augmentation of hnRNPA1 expression suffices to trigger motor neuron degeneration and the manifestation of ALS-like phenotypes. …


Immune Responses Induced At One Hour Post Cataract Surgery Wounding Of The Chick Lens, JodiRae DeDreu, Morgan Basta, Janice Walker, Sue Menko 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Immune Responses Induced At One Hour Post Cataract Surgery Wounding Of The Chick Lens, Jodirae Dedreu, Morgan Basta, Janice Walker, Sue Menko

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

While the lens is an avascular tissue with an immune-privileged status, studies have now revealed that there are immune responses specifically linked to the lens. The response to lens injury, such as following cataract surgery, has been shown to involve the activation of the resident immune cell population of the lens and the induction of immunomodulatory factors by the wounded epithelium. However, there has been limited investigation into the immediate response of the lens to wounding, particularly those induced factors that are intrinsic to the lens and its associated resident immune cells. Using an established chick embryo ex vivo cataract …


Social Determinants May Limit The Success Of Pcsk9 Inhibitors, An Effective Treatment For Hyperlipidemia In Statin-Intolerant Patients, Abigail C. Kuplicki 2023 Wayne State University

Social Determinants May Limit The Success Of Pcsk9 Inhibitors, An Effective Treatment For Hyperlipidemia In Statin-Intolerant Patients, Abigail C. Kuplicki

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Moriarty PM, Thompson PD, Cannon CP, et al. Efficacy and safety of alirocumab vs ezetimibe in statin-intolerant patients, with a statin rechallenge arm: The ODYSSEY ALTERNATIVE randomized trial. J. Clin. Lipidol. 2015;9(6):758-769. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacl.2015.08.006

for a statin-intolerant patient with hyperlipidemia.


Renal Disease Rehabilitation And Delaying Dialysis, Spencer Brown, Natalie Sterner 2023 Wayne State University

Renal Disease Rehabilitation And Delaying Dialysis, Spencer Brown, Natalie Sterner

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Greenwood SA, Koufaki P, Mercer TH, et al. Effect of exercise training on estimated GFR, vascular health, and cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with CKD: a pilot randomized controlled trial. Am J Kidney Dis. 2015;65(3):425-434. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.ajkd.2014.07.015

for a patient with non-dialysis CKD interested in slowing the progression toward necessary dialysis.


Slow Surgical Correction Affects More Than Just The Bowels, Emilia M. Clementi 2023 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Slow Surgical Correction Affects More Than Just The Bowels, Emilia M. Clementi

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

Reflection on how delayed colostomy reversal affects a patient's mental and physical well-being.


Whole Genome-Based Dna Methylation Profiling In Covid-19 Patients Reveals Alterations In Pathways Linked To Neurological Dysfunctions, Syed Zami, Juozas Gordevicius, Eman Anis, Qiong Sha, Martha L. Escobar Galvis, Michael Henderson, Andrew Pospisilik, Patrik Brundin, Stewart Graham 2023 Beaumont Health

Whole Genome-Based Dna Methylation Profiling In Covid-19 Patients Reveals Alterations In Pathways Linked To Neurological Dysfunctions, Syed Zami, Juozas Gordevicius, Eman Anis, Qiong Sha, Martha L. Escobar Galvis, Michael Henderson, Andrew Pospisilik, Patrik Brundin, Stewart Graham

Conference Presentation Abstracts

The sever acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a highly transmissible viruswhich causes a life-threatening illness called coronavirus (COVID-19). It has cost millions ofdeath worldwide. This novel RNA betacorona virus is manifested by varying clinical symptomsranging from asymptomatic to mild to severe systemic illness with deadly outcomes. Muchevidence revealed the differences in the severity of COVID-19 infection varied widely accordingto host factors and comorbidities. It is critical to understand the interplay of genetic and epigeneticfactors and host response to this fatal virus. A substantial number of epigenome-wide associationstudies acknowledged that SARS-CoV-2 manipulate the host epigenome via DNA methylation …


Uptitrating Mycophenolate Mofetil Therapy In A Patient With Lupus Cerebritis Doesn’T Increase Risk Of Infection Compared To Cyclophosphamide, Gautham Pavar 2023 Wayne State University

Uptitrating Mycophenolate Mofetil Therapy In A Patient With Lupus Cerebritis Doesn’T Increase Risk Of Infection Compared To Cyclophosphamide, Gautham Pavar

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising

Appel GB, Contreras G, Dooley MA, et al. Mycophenolate mofetil versus cyclophosphamide for induction treatment of lupus nephritis. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2009;20(5):1103-1112. https://doi.org/10.1681/ASN.2008101028

for a patient with neuropsychiatric lupus.


Stigma And Patient-Controlled Analgesia: Trust Is The Essential Ingredient Of Successful Patient Education In The Patient-Doctor Relationship, Trey D. VanAken 2023 Wayne State University

Stigma And Patient-Controlled Analgesia: Trust Is The Essential Ingredient Of Successful Patient Education In The Patient-Doctor Relationship, Trey D. Vanaken

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Van Beers EJ, Van Tuijn CFJ, Nieuwkerk PT, et al. Patient-controlled analgesia versus continuous infusion of morphine during vaso-occlusive crisis in sickle cell disease, a randomized controlled trial. Am J Hematol. 2007;82(11):955-960. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajh.20944.

for a patient with recurrent vaso-occlusive crisis secondary to Sickle Cell Disease.


Early Closure Of Colostomy From Abdominal Trauma May Be Beneficial In Otherwise Healthy Patients, Nicole Xu 2023 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Early Closure Of Colostomy From Abdominal Trauma May Be Beneficial In Otherwise Healthy Patients, Nicole Xu

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising

Khalid MS, Moeen S, Khan AW, Arshad R, Khan AF. Same admission colostomy closure: a prospective, randomised study in selected patient groups. Surgeon. 2005;3(1):11-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1479-666x(05)80004-6

for a patient with loop transverse colostomy due to trauma


Evaluating The Use Of Cheaper, Less Effective Medications In Patients With Cost-Based Medication Nonadherence, Muneer F. Hasso 2023 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Evaluating The Use Of Cheaper, Less Effective Medications In Patients With Cost-Based Medication Nonadherence, Muneer F. Hasso

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Sangaralingham LR, Sangaralingham SJ, Shah ND, Yao X, Dunlay SM. Adoption of Sacubitril/Valsartan for the Management of Patients With Heart Failure. Circ Heart Fail. 2018;11(2):e004302. https://doi.org/10.1161/circheartfailure.117.004302

for a patient with low medication adherence rates due to the high out-of-pocket costs of newer medications.


Motivational Interviewing May Resolve Vaccine Hesitancy, Scott L. Baughan 2023 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Motivational Interviewing May Resolve Vaccine Hesitancy, Scott L. Baughan

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Gagneur A, Lemaître T, Gosselin V, et al. A postpartum vaccination promotion intervention using motivational interviewing techniques improves short-term vaccine coverage: PromoVac study. BMC public health. 2018;18(1):811. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5724-y

for a juvenile patient with a caregiver who is skeptical about the safety of routine vaccinations.


Buprenorphine/Suboxone Is Safe In Pregnancy: Substance Use And Stigma In The Healthcare Professions, Blake S. Sanford 2023 Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Buprenorphine/Suboxone Is Safe In Pregnancy: Substance Use And Stigma In The Healthcare Professions, Blake S. Sanford

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Mullins N, Galvin SL, Ramage M, et al. Buprenorphine and Naloxone Versus Buprenorphine for Opioid Use Disorder in Pregnancy: A Cohort Study. J Addict Med. 2020;14(3):185-192. https://doi.org/10.1097/ADM.0000000000000562

for a woman with opioid use disorder during pregnancy.


Flexner Report 3.0—Structurally Competent Healthcare, James Peter Meza 2023 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Flexner Report 3.0—Structurally Competent Healthcare, James Peter Meza

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

The editor advocates to formalize the addition of “Medical Social Sciences” as a basic science in our Schools of Medicine and “Clinical Decision Science” as the corollary clinical practice discipline: a “Flexner Report 3.0."


Editorial: Debates In Cardiovascular Pharmacology And Drug Discovery: 2022, Keman Xu, Fatma Saaoud, Ying Shao, Yifan Lu, Xiaohua Jiang, Sheng Wu, Jianxin Sun, Filipe Fernades Conti, Laisel Martinez, Roberto Vazquez-Padron, Hong Wang, Xiaofeng Yang 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Editorial: Debates In Cardiovascular Pharmacology And Drug Discovery: 2022, Keman Xu, Fatma Saaoud, Ying Shao, Yifan Lu, Xiaohua Jiang, Sheng Wu, Jianxin Sun, Filipe Fernades Conti, Laisel Martinez, Roberto Vazquez-Padron, Hong Wang, Xiaofeng Yang

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Novel Therapy Targeting Mutant-Krasg12d And Galectin-1 In Pancreatic Cancer, Ana I. Martinez Bulnes, Nirnoy Dan, Poornima Devi Shaji, Swathi Holla, Murali M. Yallapu, Sheema Khan 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Novel Therapy Targeting Mutant-Krasg12d And Galectin-1 In Pancreatic Cancer, Ana I. Martinez Bulnes, Nirnoy Dan, Poornima Devi Shaji, Swathi Holla, Murali M. Yallapu, Sheema Khan

Research Colloquium

Introduction: Although, surgical resection and chemotherapy are the gold standard for treating Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (PDAC), low patient survival rate remains the problem. The activating point mutation of the KRAS on codon-12 is present in 70–95% of PDAC cases and so far, no success has been achieved to inhibit KRAS. KRASG12D regulates cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis. Recent preliminary and published studies show high Galectin-1 (Gal-1) levels in both pancreatic cancer and stromal cells, which modulate tumor microenvironment and metastasis. Additionally, genetic deletion of gal1 inhibits metastasis and improves survival in KRAS mouse model of PDAC (1). Therefore, our objective is …


A Novel Approach To Target Tumor Immune Microenvironment And Improve Checkpoint Immunotherapies, Poornima Devi Shaji, Ana Martinez, Melida Flores Cantu, Anupam Dhasmana, Meena Jaggi, Stephen W. Behrman, Murali M. Yallapu, Subhash C. Chauhan, Sheema Khan 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

A Novel Approach To Target Tumor Immune Microenvironment And Improve Checkpoint Immunotherapies, Poornima Devi Shaji, Ana Martinez, Melida Flores Cantu, Anupam Dhasmana, Meena Jaggi, Stephen W. Behrman, Murali M. Yallapu, Subhash C. Chauhan, Sheema Khan

Research Colloquium

Background: Pancreatic cancer remains 3rd deadliest disease, with less than 7-10% survival rate. Little progress has been seen in patient’s outcome due to high desmoplasia and chemo-resistance. Immunotherapy has shown promising results in cancers, except pancreatic cancer due to their characteristic fibrotic tumor microenvironment. The therapies are unable to penetrate fibrotic tumor leading to insufficient availability of therapeutic drugs at the tumor site. A recently identified mucin, MUC13 is aberrantly expressed in pancreatic tumors but not in normal pancreas, that makes it an excellent protein tumor target. This study is unique as it utilizes MUC13Ab for targeting the pancreatic …


Novel Therapy Targeting Mutant-Krasg12d And Galectin-1 In Pancreatic Cancer, Ana I. Martinez Bulnes, Poornima Devi Shaji, Swathi Holla, Nirnoy Dan, Shabnam Malik, Murali M. Yallapu, Meena Jaggi, Stephen W. Behrman, Subhash C. Chauhan, Sheema Khan 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Novel Therapy Targeting Mutant-Krasg12d And Galectin-1 In Pancreatic Cancer, Ana I. Martinez Bulnes, Poornima Devi Shaji, Swathi Holla, Nirnoy Dan, Shabnam Malik, Murali M. Yallapu, Meena Jaggi, Stephen W. Behrman, Subhash C. Chauhan, Sheema Khan

Research Colloquium

Introduction: In pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), low patient survival rate remains a problem. The activating point mutation of KRAS on codon-12 is present in 70–95% of PDAC cases and so far, no success has been achieved to inhibit KRAS. KRASG12D regulates cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis; recent preliminary and published studies show high Galectin-1 (Gal-1) levels in both PDAC and stromal cells, which modulate tumor microenvironment and metastasis. Therefore, we have developed a novel combination therapy for PDAC by targeting mutated KRASG12D and Gal-1 to target both proliferation and metastasis in PDAC. This includes the delivery of KRASG12D …


Global Impact Of Proteoglycan Science On Human Diseases, Christopher Xie, Liliana Schaefer, Renato V. Iozzo 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Global Impact Of Proteoglycan Science On Human Diseases, Christopher Xie, Liliana Schaefer, Renato V. Iozzo

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

In this comprehensive review, we will dissect the impact of research on proteoglycans focusing on recent developments involved in their synthesis, degradation, and interactions, while critically assessing their usefulness in various biological processes. The emerging roles of proteoglycans in global infections, specifically the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, and their rising functions in regenerative medicine and biomaterial science have significantly affected our current view of proteoglycans and related compounds. The roles of proteoglycans in cancer biology and their potential use as a next-generation protein-based adjuvant therapy to combat cancer is also emerging as a constructive and potentially beneficial therapeutic strategy. We will discuss …


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