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The Decision I Never Thought I Would Have To Make, Mary Nixon 2022 Beaumont

The Decision I Never Thought I Would Have To Make, Mary Nixon

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A brief essay on how the COVID pandemic has changed how we think about medicine and our patients.


Regulation Of Airway Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation By Diacylglycerol Kinase: Relevance To Airway Remodeling In Asthma, Miguel Angel Hernandez-Lara, Santosh K Yadav, Sushrut D. Shah, Mariko Okumura, Yuichi Yokoyama, Raymond B. Penn,, Taku Kambayashi, Deepak A. Deshpande 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Regulation Of Airway Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation By Diacylglycerol Kinase: Relevance To Airway Remodeling In Asthma, Miguel Angel Hernandez-Lara, Santosh K Yadav, Sushrut D. Shah, Mariko Okumura, Yuichi Yokoyama, Raymond B. Penn,, Taku Kambayashi, Deepak A. Deshpande

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

Airway remodeling in asthma involves the hyperproliferation of airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells. However, the molecular signals that regulate ASM growth are not completely understood. Gq-coupled G protein-coupled receptor and receptor tyrosine kinase signaling regulate ASM cell proliferation via activation of phospholipase C, generation of inositol triphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol (DAG). Diacylglycerol kinase (DGK) converts DAG into phosphatidic acid (PA) and terminates DAG signaling while promoting PA-mediated signaling and function. Herein, we hypothesized that PA is a pro-mitogenic second messenger in ASM, and DGK inhibition reduces the conversion of DAG into PA resulting in inhibition of ASM cell proliferation. We …


What? Is Epstein–Barr Virus Infection Linked To Multiple Sclerosis?, Asha Mahajan, Steven B Lippmann 2022 University of Louisville

What? Is Epstein–Barr Virus Infection Linked To Multiple Sclerosis?, Asha Mahajan, Steven B Lippmann

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Anxiolytics For Bronchodilation: Refinements To Gaba, Ajay P Nayak, Steven S An 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Anxiolytics For Bronchodilation: Refinements To Gaba, Ajay P Nayak, Steven S An

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Introducing A Physical Therapist-Led Acceptance And Commitment Therapy Training For Pain: A Clinical Perspective, Joseph Tatta 2022 Integrative Pain Science Institute

Introducing A Physical Therapist-Led Acceptance And Commitment Therapy Training For Pain: A Clinical Perspective, Joseph Tatta

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: Mounting evidence supports the use of cognitive and behavioral techniques as part of physical therapist practice. These methods are used within a physical therapist’s multimodal treatment approach for the management of pain and to facilitate health behavior change. There is a multitude of evidence-based cognitive behavioral techniques to choose from including newer approaches based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Yet few studies have examined physical therapists’ perceptions to learning and implementing ACT into clinical practice. The purpose of this manuscript is to present a clinical perspective of physical therapists learning about and incorporating Acceptance and Commitment Therapy in clinical …


Do You Know The Pathophysiology Of Cytokine Storm During Covid-19?, Shameera Shaik Masthan, Deekshitha Turaka, Ahmed Abdelhaleem, Mounica Vorla, Steven B. Lippmann 2022 University of Louisville

Do You Know The Pathophysiology Of Cytokine Storm During Covid-19?, Shameera Shaik Masthan, Deekshitha Turaka, Ahmed Abdelhaleem, Mounica Vorla, Steven B. Lippmann

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of Respiratory Function Using Blood Gas Parameters In Yucatan Minipigs Following Spinal Cord Injury, Jackson Gallagher, Monique Morgan, Chase Knibbe, Destiny Gibson, Maxwell Boakye 2022 University of Louisville

Evaluation Of Respiratory Function Using Blood Gas Parameters In Yucatan Minipigs Following Spinal Cord Injury, Jackson Gallagher, Monique Morgan, Chase Knibbe, Destiny Gibson, Maxwell Boakye

The Cardinal Edge

There are approximately 17,810 new spinal cord injuries (SCI) in the U.S. each year [1]. Physical damage to the spinal cord has the potential to interfere with normal motor, sensory, and/or autonomic function, such as impairment of the respiratory system. In fact, respiratory insufficiency is the number one cause of mortality and morbidity after SCI. The more rostral the injury, the more likely there will be disruption to normal ventilation (generally rostral to T6) [2]. To conduct relevant preclinical research, it has been shown that large animal models, such as the Yucatan minipig, have a better success rate of translating …


Improving Governance In Ontario Health Teams, Mausam Vadakkayil 2022 Western University

Improving Governance In Ontario Health Teams, Mausam Vadakkayil

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

The aim of this research brief is to provide recommendations on how Ontario Health Teams (OHTs) can incorporate the three key functions of successful health systems, priority setting, performance monitoring, and accountability, within their governance structure.


Comparing Outcomes For Community-Acquired Pneumonia Between Females And Males: Results From The University Of Louisville Pneumonia Study, Pavani Nathala, Simrat Sarai, Vidyulata Salunkhe, Mahder A. Tella, Stephen P. Furmanek, Forest W. Arnold 2022 University of Louisville

Comparing Outcomes For Community-Acquired Pneumonia Between Females And Males: Results From The University Of Louisville Pneumonia Study, Pavani Nathala, Simrat Sarai, Vidyulata Salunkhe, Mahder A. Tella, Stephen P. Furmanek, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Introduction: Male sex is currently considered to be a risk factor for worsened community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) outcomes compared to female sex; hence, female sex equates to a lower score on the Pneumonia Severity Index. There is no recent update on sex-based outcomes of patients with CAP. The objective of this study was to compare the outcomes of CAP between females and males.

Methods: This was a secondary analysis of the University of Louisville Pneumonia Study database. It was a prospective population-based cohort study of all hospitalized adults with CAP who were residents of Jefferson County in the city of Louisville, …


Grk2 Regulates Adp Signaling In Platelets Via P2y1 And P2y12., Xuefei Zhao, Matthew Cooper, James V Michael, Yanki Yarman, Aiden Baltz, J Kurt Chuprun, Walter J Koch, Steven E. McKenzie, Maurizio Tomaiuolo, Timothy J Stalker, Li Zhu, Peisong Ma 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Grk2 Regulates Adp Signaling In Platelets Via P2y1 And P2y12., Xuefei Zhao, Matthew Cooper, James V Michael, Yanki Yarman, Aiden Baltz, J Kurt Chuprun, Walter J Koch, Steven E. Mckenzie, Maurizio Tomaiuolo, Timothy J Stalker, Li Zhu, Peisong Ma

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

The critical role of G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) in regulating cardiac function has been well documented for >3 decades. Targeting GRK2 has therefore been extensively studied as a novel approach to treating cardiovascular disease. However, little is known about its role in hemostasis and thrombosis. We provide here the first evidence that GRK2 limits platelet activation and regulates the hemostatic response to injury. Deletion of GRK2 in mouse platelets causes increased platelet accumulation after laser-induced injury in the cremaster muscle arterioles, shortens tail bleeding time, and enhances thrombosis in adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP)-induced pulmonary thromboembolism and in FeCl3-induced carotid …


A Microfluidics-Based Approach For Isolation Of Antigen-Specific Cd8+ T Cells, Meredith Frank 2022 The Texas Medical Center Library

A Microfluidics-Based Approach For Isolation Of Antigen-Specific Cd8+ T Cells, Meredith Frank

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Cancer is a global epidemic: there are predicted to be 200 million new cases this year alone. Almost a quarter of all cancer-related deaths are caused by lung cancer, for which 5-year survival rates are just above 20%. 85% of lung cancer diagnoses are classified as non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) for which 5-year survival rates in metastatic disease are less than 10%. Early detection and targeted therapies have improved prognoses, yet relapse is still common among patients.

Immunotherapies that leverage tumor-specific CD8+ cytotoxic T cells have shown great promise for the treatment of NSCLC. However, although highly promising, …


Cell-Free Dna Sequencing In Multiple Myeloma, Russell Irwin 2022 The Texas Medical Center Library

Cell-Free Dna Sequencing In Multiple Myeloma, Russell Irwin

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable plasma cell dyscrasia. Recent advances in MM therapy, including CAR-T therapy, have increased survival and shown the value of assessing treatment response with great sensitivity, both in acute and long-term settings. Cell-free DNA, DNA fragments which are released into circulation as a part of normal cellular turnover, is a useful and dynamic biomarker in cancer patients due to the presence of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA), which is readily identified using next generation sequencing. Here we report the analytical sensitivity, applicability, consistency, and prognostic ability of M5Seq, a novel hybrid capture panel designed for MM …


Role Of Deep Learning Techniques In Non-Invasive Diagnosis Of Human Diseases., Hisham Abouelseoud Elsayem Abdeltawab 2022 University of Louisville

Role Of Deep Learning Techniques In Non-Invasive Diagnosis Of Human Diseases., Hisham Abouelseoud Elsayem Abdeltawab

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Machine learning, a sub-discipline in the domain of artificial intelligence, concentrates on algorithms able to learn and/or adapt their structure (e.g., parameters) based on a set of observed data. The adaptation is performed by optimizing over a cost function. Machine learning obtained a great attention in the biomedical community because it offers a promise for improving sensitivity and/or specificity of detection and diagnosis of diseases. It also can increase objectivity of the decision making, decrease the time and effort on health care professionals during the process of disease detection and diagnosis. The potential impact of machine learning is greater than …


Bhlhe40: Required For Tumor Microenvironment Remodeling And Immune Checkpoint Therapy Efficacy, Avery Salmon, Avery J. Salmon 2022 The Texas Medical Center Library

Bhlhe40: Required For Tumor Microenvironment Remodeling And Immune Checkpoint Therapy Efficacy, Avery Salmon, Avery J. Salmon

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Advancements in immunotherapy treatments have become essential in the treatment of various cancers, such as those with high tumor burden like melanoma(Brahmer et al., 2012; Hodi et al., 2010). Immunotherapy, specifically immune checkpoint therapy (ICT) provides antagonist effect on specific immune checkpoints to control effector T cell functions(Pardoll, 2012). This therapy allows for the modulation of anti-tumor responses through the use of monoclonal antibodies, such as anti-CTLA-4 or anti-PD-1 that block the receptors from binding with their ligands, thus allowing for CD4+ and CD8+ T cell priming and activation(Wei et al., 2017). However, the required epigenetic and transcriptional …


Development Of A Decellularized Hydrogel Composite And Its Application In A Novel Model Of Disc-Associated Low Back Pain In Female Sprague Dawley Rats, David Lillyman 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Development Of A Decellularized Hydrogel Composite And Its Application In A Novel Model Of Disc-Associated Low Back Pain In Female Sprague Dawley Rats, David Lillyman

Biological Systems Engineering--Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Chronic low back pain is a global socioeconomic crisis compounded by an absence of reliable, curative treatments. The predominant pathology associated with chronic low back pain is degeneration of intervertebral discs in the lumbar spine. During degeneration, nerves can sprout into the intervertebral disc tissue and be chronically subjected to inflammatory and mechanical stimuli, resulting in pain. Pain arising from the intervertebral disc, or disc-associated pain, is a complex, multi-faceted disorder which necessitates valid animal models to screen therapeutics and study pathomechanisms of pain.

While many research teams have created animal models of disc degeneration, the translation of these platforms …


Radiation Therapy For Older Women With Early Breast Cancer: An Unnecessary Hardship, Lauren E. Shawver 2022 Wayne State University

Radiation Therapy For Older Women With Early Breast Cancer: An Unnecessary Hardship, Lauren E. Shawver

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising:

Kunkler IH, Williams LJ, Jack WJ, Cameron DA, Dixon JM; PRIME II investigators. Breast-conserving surgery with or without irradiation in women aged 65 years or older with early breast cancer (PRIME II): a randomised controlled trial [published correction appears in Lancet Oncol. 2015 Mar;16(3):e105]. Lancet Oncol. 2015;16(3):266-273. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(14)71221-5

for an older patient seeking treatment for Stage 1 Ductal Breast Carcinoma


Lisdexamfetamine Is An Effective Monotherapy For Moderate To Severe Binge Eating Disorder, Benjamin Young 2022 Wayne State University

Lisdexamfetamine Is An Effective Monotherapy For Moderate To Severe Binge Eating Disorder, Benjamin Young

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using

McElroy SL, Hudson J, Ferreira-Cornwell MC, Radewonuk J, Whitaker T, Gasior M. Lisdexamfetamine dimesylate for adults with moderate to severe binge eating disorder: Results of two pivotal phase 3 randomized controlled trials. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2016;41(5):1251-1260. https://doi.org/10.1038/npp.2015.275

for a young woman requesting a novel pharmacological intervention for a Binge Eating Disorder (BED).


Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (Eras) Protocols Decrease Length Of Hospital Stay And Maintain Functional Independence In Elderly Patients Undergoing Colorectal Surgery, Kristen Hawes 2022 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (Eras) Protocols Decrease Length Of Hospital Stay And Maintain Functional Independence In Elderly Patients Undergoing Colorectal Surgery, Kristen Hawes

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using

Ostermann S, Morel P, Chalé JJ, et al. Randomized controlled trial of enhanced recovery program dedicated to elderly patients after colorectal surgery. Dis Colon Rectum. 2019;62(9):1105-1116. https://doi.org/10.1097/DCR.0000000000001442

for an elderly patient undergoing colorectal surgery.


What About Anosmia From Covid-19 ?, Sharanya S E Santhi, Sara Elnour, Steven B Lippmann 2022 University of Louisville

What About Anosmia From Covid-19 ?, Sharanya S E Santhi, Sara Elnour, Steven B Lippmann

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Lost In Translation? Communicating Nutrition Science, Lindsay Yarabek Datlow 2022 George Washington University

Lost In Translation? Communicating Nutrition Science, Lindsay Yarabek Datlow

Doctor of Philosophy in Translational Health Sciences Dissertations

Diet is directly correlated with overall health; therefore, nutrition is a critical piece of the obesity-epidemic puzzle. The news media has become a primary source for nutrition information yet results from International Food Information Council surveys indicate that the majority of Americans view the nutrition news they read as inconsistent and confusing. Very recent inquiry provides empirical evidence that nutrition confusion could be fueled by media. Nutrition confusion has been causally linked to “nutrition backlash,” which is complete disregard for even the most strongly supported nutrition advice. Understanding how nutrition research is translated in the news media and the mechanisms …


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