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A Fair Incentive Scheme For Community Health Workers, Avinandan BOSE, Tracey LI, Arunesh SINHA, Tien MAI 2023 Singapore Management University

A Fair Incentive Scheme For Community Health Workers, Avinandan Bose, Tracey Li, Arunesh Sinha, Tien Mai

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Community health workers (CHWs) play a crucial role in the last mile delivery of essential health services to under-served populations in low-income countries. Many non-governmental organizations (NGOs) provide training and support to enable CHWs to deliver health services to their communities, with no charge to the recipients of the services. This includes monetary compensation for the work that CHWs perform, which is broken down into a series of well-defined tasks. In this work, we partner with a NGO D-Tree International to design a fair monetary compensation scheme for tasks performed by CHWs in the semi-autonomous region of Zanzibar in Tanzania, …


Comparison Of Parental In-Person Visitation And Webcam Usage Patterns At A Single-Center Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Shrea Goswami, Emily Mudd, John Chuo, Anirudha Das 2023 Riley Children’s Hospital

Comparison Of Parental In-Person Visitation And Webcam Usage Patterns At A Single-Center Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Shrea Goswami, Emily Mudd, John Chuo, Anirudha Das

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Barriers to parents visiting the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in person for infant bonding include socioeconomic status, distance from NICU, and having children at home. Use of NICU bedside webcam can increase access to parent-infant interaction. This study aimed to describe the pattern of webcam logins by parents, relationship of logins to in-person visitation, and maternal factors affecting usage.

Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, data pertaining to parental webcam logins and in-person visitation, maternal screening for depression, anxiety, and stress, and family sociodemographics were collected from medical records. Relationships between chart variables and webcam or …


What Impact Does The Ability To Access Healthcare Have On Maternal Outcomes In Africa?, Helena Harris 2023 Dominican University of California

What Impact Does The Ability To Access Healthcare Have On Maternal Outcomes In Africa?, Helena Harris

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background: Maternal mortality rates reflect health inequities in access to obstetric care in some parts of the world including many African countries. Geographical barriers and limited number of skilled human resources have put women in rural areas at a significantly higher risk of maternal mortality.

Research Question: What impact does the ability to access healthcare have on maternal outcomes in African rural areas compared to urban cities?

Methods: A literature review was performed of credible databases. Six articles were reviewed extensively highlighting the purpose, strengths, and limitations of each study. Refer to Appendix A for the literature review table.

Findings: …


A Systematic Literature Review Of Research From 2010 To 2020 Addressing User-Generated Online Comments Related To Health Issues And Recommendations For Future Research, Muhammad Ittefaq, Mauryne Abwao, Ioana A. Coman, Waqas Ejaz 2023 James Madison University

A Systematic Literature Review Of Research From 2010 To 2020 Addressing User-Generated Online Comments Related To Health Issues And Recommendations For Future Research, Muhammad Ittefaq, Mauryne Abwao, Ioana A. Coman, Waqas Ejaz

School of Communication Studies - Faculty Scholarship

This systematic literature review was conducted to provide insights into how online readers’ comments have been studied in the context of health over a 10-year span. About 593 studies published between 2010 and 2020; of these, 34 met the research criteria for inclusion. Our findings reveal that 60% of the studies focused on the United States, and a qualitative method was used in 74.3% of these studies. About 23.5% of the studies explored vaccine-related issues. Our results reveal that among the selected studies, 76.5% and 20.6% had female and male first authors, respectively. Textual analysis of abstracts shows that the …


The Impact Of The Adoption Of Cloud Computing On Improving The Efficiency Of Accounting Information Systems During The Covid-19 Pandemic (A Field Study On The Service Companies Listed On The Palestine Stock Exchange), Abd El Rahman Rashwan, Etidal Alhelo 2022 University College of Science and Technology, Gaza, Palestine

The Impact Of The Adoption Of Cloud Computing On Improving The Efficiency Of Accounting Information Systems During The Covid-19 Pandemic (A Field Study On The Service Companies Listed On The Palestine Stock Exchange), Abd El Rahman Rashwan, Etidal Alhelo

Journal of the Arab American University مجلة الجامعة العربية الامريكية للبحوث

This study mainly aimed to know the effect of using cloud computing on improving the efficiency of the performance of accounting information systems in the service companies listed on the Palestine Stock Exchange during the COVID-19 pandemic.

To achieve the objective of the study, the researchers adopted the descriptive analytical method, and the questionnaire tool to collect data from its sources, analyze it through the SPSS program, and extract the results.

The results of the study showed that cloud computing had an impact on improving the efficiency of accounting information systems, their safety and reliability in addition to achieving the …


A Case Of Inferior Dislocation Of Right Shoulder, Gauri A. Nair 2022 JSS ACADEMY OF HIGHER EDUCATION AND RESEARCH

A Case Of Inferior Dislocation Of Right Shoulder, Gauri A. Nair

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

Dislocation of the shoulder is the commonest of all large joint dislocations. Inferior dislocation of the shoulder, also called luxatio erecta, is a rare form. It appears in less than 0.5% of all shoulder dislocations. Patient characteristically presents with an arm locked in upright position - Luxatio erecta. Its etiology, clinical presentation and radiographic findings are distinct. An awareness of associated potential neurovascular injuries and rotator cuff tears is important in this rare entity and should be excluded with high index of suspicion. Preferred modality of treatment depends upon the age of the patient and the extent of neurovascular involvement. …


Personality Disorder Predisposing To Alcohol Dependence, Samarchitha S Ms., Venkatesh Babu Dr., Megha Sadashiv Dr., Sudeep PK Mr. 2022 JSS MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL

Personality Disorder Predisposing To Alcohol Dependence, Samarchitha S Ms., Venkatesh Babu Dr., Megha Sadashiv Dr., Sudeep Pk Mr.

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

No abstract provided.


High-Velocity Fracture: Case Of Displaced Intertrochanteric Fracture Offemur With Spiral Fracture Of Shaft Of Right Femur, Gayathri Sureshkumar Nair 2022 JSS ACADEMY OF HIGHER EDUCATION AND RESEARCH

High-Velocity Fracture: Case Of Displaced Intertrochanteric Fracture Offemur With Spiral Fracture Of Shaft Of Right Femur, Gayathri Sureshkumar Nair

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

BACKGROUND

Intertrochanteric fracture is a common orthopedic condition characterized by extracapsular fractures of the proximal femur that occur between the greater and lesser trochanter with predominance in elderly population, especially those with osteoporosis, wherein even a low energy mechanism is enough to cause the fracture.

There is an observed female predominance with ratio between 2:1 and 8:1. [1,2]

Commonly observed symptoms include shortened and externally rotated limb, pain and bony tenderness around the hip joint, inability to bear weight on the affected limb to name a few.

Management depends upon age of patient, nature of the fracture, number of comminuted …


Comparison Of Conventional Pap Smear And Manual Liquid Based Cytology With P16 Marker In Screening For Cervical Cancer In Indian Tertiary Healthcare Setups In Mysuru, Gayathri Sureshkumar Nair, Nandini Manoli, Nandish Manoli 2022 JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research

Comparison Of Conventional Pap Smear And Manual Liquid Based Cytology With P16 Marker In Screening For Cervical Cancer In Indian Tertiary Healthcare Setups In Mysuru, Gayathri Sureshkumar Nair, Nandini Manoli, Nandish Manoli

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

In India, there are 20.2 per 100000 new cases of Cervical Cancer diagnosed and 11.1 per 100000 deaths annually accounting for more than one fifths of global cervical cancer deaths. [1] Thus, due to an absence of a national immunization program to cover human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination and lack of accessible cervical cancer screening, the disease is characterized by late detection, lack of access to affordable and quality health care, and high mortality rates. [2]

Papanicolaou Smear Test was a novel invention by Dr George Papanicolaou in the year 1927 which gained maximum popularity in 1950 as a screening test …


Training In The Use Of Interpretive Services For Patients With Limited English Proficiency, Kristina Wooten 2022 Kennesaw State University

Training In The Use Of Interpretive Services For Patients With Limited English Proficiency, Kristina Wooten

Symposium of Student Scholars

In clinical settings, there is a disconnect between health care professionals (HCPs) and patients with limited English proficiency (LEP). HCPs rely on ad hoc interpreters to communicate with patients with LEP (e.g. nurses using untrained friends and family or nursing students to interpret care information). Refusing to use or misusing professional interpreters and other interpretive services may lead patients with LEP to avoid seeking necessary care, misunderstand their diagnoses and treatment regimens, and fail to return for follow-up care. This increases the already existing health care disparity between patients who speak English and patients with LEP. Studies show that if …


Hipaachecker: A Web Based Application On Hipaa Technical Safeguards Assessment Of Android Mhealth Applications, Bilash Saha 2022 Kennesaw State University

Hipaachecker: A Web Based Application On Hipaa Technical Safeguards Assessment Of Android Mhealth Applications, Bilash Saha

Symposium of Student Scholars

Protecting personal health records is becoming increasingly important as more people use Mobile Health applications (mHealth apps) to improve their health outcomes. These mHealth apps enable consumers to monitor their health-related problems, store, manage, and share health records, medical conditions, treatment, and medication. With the increase of mHealth apps accessibility and usability, it is crucial to create, receive, maintain or transmit protected health information (PHI) on behalf of a covered entity or another business associate. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) provides guidelines to the app developers so that the apps must be compliant with required and addressable …


Interventions To Prevent Hospital Acquired Pressure Injuries, Astrid Geronimo 2022 Kennesaw State University

Interventions To Prevent Hospital Acquired Pressure Injuries, Astrid Geronimo

Symposium of Student Scholars

Background: Hospital acquired pressure injuries (HAPIs) are the most common preventable complication among critical care patients. This project is conducted to compare the effectiveness between the current implemented preventative measure versus the new measures that have data supporting their effectiveness. Brief Significance: Five articles were chosen that outlined the prevalence of hospital acquired pressure injuries in critical care patients and alternative interventions that have been effective in the prevention of HAPIs. These evidence-based interventions include: The application of multilayered foam dressing with hypo oxygenated fatty oils which would reduce sheer and provide support from the pressure of laying in the …


Voice Assistant For Improving Patient's Lives: The Implementation And Case Study, Anh Duong 2022 Kennesaw State University

Voice Assistant For Improving Patient's Lives: The Implementation And Case Study, Anh Duong

Symposium of Student Scholars

Over the last few years, the adoption of voice assistants in IoT devices has experienced rapid growth as a result of advanced technology alongside the development of artificial intelligence. According to a survey conducted by Juniper Research, over 2.5 billion digital voice assistants were being used in devices around the world by the end of 2018. By 2023, the number is expected to triple to 8 billion. Voice assistants (VA) have integrated into and become a part of human’s modern life with the purpose of making things more accessible and easier to use, hence, improving the users’ living experience. VA …


Relation Between Emotions And Students’ Code Quality Using Iot, Lisero Mugula 2022 Kennesaw State University

Relation Between Emotions And Students’ Code Quality Using Iot, Lisero Mugula

Symposium of Student Scholars

Programming can be a mentally demanding exercise. The objective of this study is to explore the effects emotions have on a programmer’s quality of code. Programmers in the study are given a Rainfall Problem to solve as their emotional data is collected simultaneously. Emotional data is collected using EMOTIV’s neuroheadset. There are 6 emotions tracked in this study: engagement, excitement, focus, interest, relaxation, and stress. One control group is relaxed prior to beginning the programming problem. An EEG-powered relaxation device called Muse is used to accomplish this task. Coding quality is measured based on 6 parameters: average, sum, count, sentinel, …


Artificial Intelligence In The Medical Field: Medical Review Sentiment Analysis, Nicholas Podlesak 2022 Northern Illinois University

Artificial Intelligence In The Medical Field: Medical Review Sentiment Analysis, Nicholas Podlesak

Honors Capstones

In this research project, natural language processing techniques’ ability to accurately classify medical text was measured to reinforce the relevance of artificial intelligence in the medical field. Sentiment analyses (analyses to determine whether the text was positive or negative) were performed on the prescription drug reviews in an open-source dataset using four different models: lexical, a neural network, a support vector machine, and a logistic regression model. Each model’s effectiveness was gauged by its ability to correctly classify unlabeled drug reviews (i.e., a percentage representing accuracy). The machine learning models were able to accurately classify the text, while the lexical …


A Study Of Heart Disease Diagnosis Using Machine Learning And Data Mining, Intisar Ahmed 2022 California State University, San Bernardino

A Study Of Heart Disease Diagnosis Using Machine Learning And Data Mining, Intisar Ahmed

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for people around the world today. Diagnosis for various forms of heart disease can be detected with numerous medical tests, however, predicting heart disease without such tests is very difficult. Machine learning can help process medical big data and provide hidden knowledge which otherwise would not be possible with the naked eye. The aim of this project is to explore how machine learning algorithms can be used in predicting heart disease by building an optimized model. The research questions are; 1) What Machine learning algorithms are used in the diagnosis of heart …


Mind The Gaps: Assessing And Enhancing The Trustworthiness Of Mental Health Apps, Gary Kok Yew CHAN 2022 Singapore Management University

Mind The Gaps: Assessing And Enhancing The Trustworthiness Of Mental Health Apps, Gary Kok Yew Chan

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

Mental health apps including artificial intelligence (“AI”)- powered apps and chatbots have raised serious concerns relating to safety, efficacy and privacy. This article assesses their trustworthiness based on lego-regulatory, ethical and technological measures in addressing the abovementioned concerns. Focusing on applications to mental health apps, it examines Singapore laws, regulations and guidelines relating to software-based and AI medical devices, data protection, consumer protection, advertising and medical negligence. Additionally, upon taking into account other non-binding ethical guidelines, certification standards and technological measures targeted at app developers, a few recommendations are offered for enhancing trust in mental health apps.


New-Onset Psychosis Following Covid-19 Infection In A Patient With No Psychiatric History: A Longitudinal Case Report., Matthew Runyan, Jay Fawver, Amanda Coupe, Michelle Drouin 2022 Parkview Health

New-Onset Psychosis Following Covid-19 Infection In A Patient With No Psychiatric History: A Longitudinal Case Report., Matthew Runyan, Jay Fawver, Amanda Coupe, Michelle Drouin

Health Services and Informatics Research

BACKGROUND: Viral infection, including COVID-19, has been implicated as a potential cause of various neurobehavioral issues. An increasing number of case reports suggest that current or recent COVID-19 infection may cause new onset of psychotic symptoms in some individuals, potentially related to viral inflammation or infection of the nervous system.

CASE PRESENTATION: A 26-year-old woman with no psychiatric history presented with severe psychotic symptoms days after recovery from a mild COVID-19 infection. No other etiologies for psychosis were identified via diagnostic testing, review of medical history, or interviews with family. Her symptoms persisted for approximately two months, requiring three inpatient …


November / December 2022, Randy Curry, Cindy Brooks 2022 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

November / December 2022, Randy Curry, Cindy Brooks

RURAL ROCKS

This is the November & December 2022 issue of Rural Rocks from the SWOSU College of Pharmacy.


Smartphone As An Edge For Context-Aware Real-Time Processing For Personal E-Health, Muhammad Bangash 2022 Northeastern Illinois University

Smartphone As An Edge For Context-Aware Real-Time Processing For Personal E-Health, Muhammad Bangash

University Honors Program Senior Projects

The medical domain is facing an ongoing challenge of how patients can share their health information and timeline with healthcare providers. This involves secure sharing, diverse data types, and formats reported by healthcare-related devices. A multilayer framework can address these challenges in the context of the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT). This framework utilizes smartphone sensors, external services, and medical devices that measure vital signs and communicate such real-time data with smartphones. The smartphone serves as an “edge device” to visualize, analyze, store, and report context- aware data to the cloud layer. Focusing on medical device connectivity, mobile security, data …


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