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A Fair Incentive Scheme For Community Health Workers, Avinandan BOSE, Tracey LI, Arunesh SINHA, Tien MAI 2023 Singapore Management University

A Fair Incentive Scheme For Community Health Workers, Avinandan Bose, Tracey Li, Arunesh Sinha, Tien Mai

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Community health workers (CHWs) play a crucial role in the last mile delivery of essential health services to under-served populations in low-income countries. Many non-governmental organizations (NGOs) provide training and support to enable CHWs to deliver health services to their communities, with no charge to the recipients of the services. This includes monetary compensation for the work that CHWs perform, which is broken down into a series of well-defined tasks. In this work, we partner with a NGO D-Tree International to design a fair monetary compensation scheme for tasks performed by CHWs in the semi-autonomous region of Zanzibar in Tanzania, …


What Impact Does The Ability To Access Healthcare Have On Maternal Outcomes In Africa?, Helena Harris 2023 Dominican University of California

What Impact Does The Ability To Access Healthcare Have On Maternal Outcomes In Africa?, Helena Harris

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background: Maternal mortality rates reflect health inequities in access to obstetric care in some parts of the world including many African countries. Geographical barriers and limited number of skilled human resources have put women in rural areas at a significantly higher risk of maternal mortality.

Research Question: What impact does the ability to access healthcare have on maternal outcomes in African rural areas compared to urban cities?

Methods: A literature review was performed of credible databases. Six articles were reviewed extensively highlighting the purpose, strengths, and limitations of each study. Refer to Appendix A for the literature review table.

Findings: …


The Impact Of The Adoption Of Cloud Computing On Improving The Efficiency Of Accounting Information Systems During The Covid-19 Pandemic (A Field Study On The Service Companies Listed On The Palestine Stock Exchange), Abd El Rahman Rashwan, Etidal Alhelo 2022 University College of Science and Technology, Gaza, Palestine

The Impact Of The Adoption Of Cloud Computing On Improving The Efficiency Of Accounting Information Systems During The Covid-19 Pandemic (A Field Study On The Service Companies Listed On The Palestine Stock Exchange), Abd El Rahman Rashwan, Etidal Alhelo

Journal of the Arab American University مجلة الجامعة العربية الامريكية للبحوث

This study mainly aimed to know the effect of using cloud computing on improving the efficiency of the performance of accounting information systems in the service companies listed on the Palestine Stock Exchange during the COVID-19 pandemic.

To achieve the objective of the study, the researchers adopted the descriptive analytical method, and the questionnaire tool to collect data from its sources, analyze it through the SPSS program, and extract the results.

The results of the study showed that cloud computing had an impact on improving the efficiency of accounting information systems, their safety and reliability in addition to achieving the …


A Case Of Inferior Dislocation Of Right Shoulder, Gauri A. Nair 2022 JSS ACADEMY OF HIGHER EDUCATION AND RESEARCH

A Case Of Inferior Dislocation Of Right Shoulder, Gauri A. Nair

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

Dislocation of the shoulder is the commonest of all large joint dislocations. Inferior dislocation of the shoulder, also called luxatio erecta, is a rare form. It appears in less than 0.5% of all shoulder dislocations. Patient characteristically presents with an arm locked in upright position - Luxatio erecta. Its etiology, clinical presentation and radiographic findings are distinct. An awareness of associated potential neurovascular injuries and rotator cuff tears is important in this rare entity and should be excluded with high index of suspicion. Preferred modality of treatment depends upon the age of the patient and the extent of neurovascular involvement. …


Personality Disorder Predisposing To Alcohol Dependence, Samarchitha S Ms., Venkatesh Babu Dr., Megha Sadashiv Dr., Sudeep PK Mr. 2022 JSS MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL

Personality Disorder Predisposing To Alcohol Dependence, Samarchitha S Ms., Venkatesh Babu Dr., Megha Sadashiv Dr., Sudeep Pk Mr.

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

No abstract provided.


High-Velocity Fracture: Case Of Displaced Intertrochanteric Fracture Offemur With Spiral Fracture Of Shaft Of Right Femur, Gayathri Sureshkumar Nair 2022 JSS ACADEMY OF HIGHER EDUCATION AND RESEARCH

High-Velocity Fracture: Case Of Displaced Intertrochanteric Fracture Offemur With Spiral Fracture Of Shaft Of Right Femur, Gayathri Sureshkumar Nair

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

BACKGROUND

Intertrochanteric fracture is a common orthopedic condition characterized by extracapsular fractures of the proximal femur that occur between the greater and lesser trochanter with predominance in elderly population, especially those with osteoporosis, wherein even a low energy mechanism is enough to cause the fracture.

There is an observed female predominance with ratio between 2:1 and 8:1. [1,2]

Commonly observed symptoms include shortened and externally rotated limb, pain and bony tenderness around the hip joint, inability to bear weight on the affected limb to name a few.

Management depends upon age of patient, nature of the fracture, number of comminuted …


Comparison Of Conventional Pap Smear And Manual Liquid Based Cytology With P16 Marker In Screening For Cervical Cancer In Indian Tertiary Healthcare Setups In Mysuru, Gayathri Sureshkumar Nair, Nandini Manoli, Nandish Manoli 2022 JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research

Comparison Of Conventional Pap Smear And Manual Liquid Based Cytology With P16 Marker In Screening For Cervical Cancer In Indian Tertiary Healthcare Setups In Mysuru, Gayathri Sureshkumar Nair, Nandini Manoli, Nandish Manoli

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

In India, there are 20.2 per 100000 new cases of Cervical Cancer diagnosed and 11.1 per 100000 deaths annually accounting for more than one fifths of global cervical cancer deaths. [1] Thus, due to an absence of a national immunization program to cover human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination and lack of accessible cervical cancer screening, the disease is characterized by late detection, lack of access to affordable and quality health care, and high mortality rates. [2]

Papanicolaou Smear Test was a novel invention by Dr George Papanicolaou in the year 1927 which gained maximum popularity in 1950 as a screening test …


Training In The Use Of Interpretive Services For Patients With Limited English Proficiency, Kristina Wooten 2022 Kennesaw State University

Training In The Use Of Interpretive Services For Patients With Limited English Proficiency, Kristina Wooten

Symposium of Student Scholars

In clinical settings, there is a disconnect between health care professionals (HCPs) and patients with limited English proficiency (LEP). HCPs rely on ad hoc interpreters to communicate with patients with LEP (e.g. nurses using untrained friends and family or nursing students to interpret care information). Refusing to use or misusing professional interpreters and other interpretive services may lead patients with LEP to avoid seeking necessary care, misunderstand their diagnoses and treatment regimens, and fail to return for follow-up care. This increases the already existing health care disparity between patients who speak English and patients with LEP. Studies show that if …


Hipaachecker: A Web Based Application On Hipaa Technical Safeguards Assessment Of Android Mhealth Applications, Bilash Saha 2022 Kennesaw State University

Hipaachecker: A Web Based Application On Hipaa Technical Safeguards Assessment Of Android Mhealth Applications, Bilash Saha

Symposium of Student Scholars

Protecting personal health records is becoming increasingly important as more people use Mobile Health applications (mHealth apps) to improve their health outcomes. These mHealth apps enable consumers to monitor their health-related problems, store, manage, and share health records, medical conditions, treatment, and medication. With the increase of mHealth apps accessibility and usability, it is crucial to create, receive, maintain or transmit protected health information (PHI) on behalf of a covered entity or another business associate. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) provides guidelines to the app developers so that the apps must be compliant with required and addressable …


Interventions To Prevent Hospital Acquired Pressure Injuries, Astrid Geronimo 2022 Kennesaw State University

Interventions To Prevent Hospital Acquired Pressure Injuries, Astrid Geronimo

Symposium of Student Scholars

Background: Hospital acquired pressure injuries (HAPIs) are the most common preventable complication among critical care patients. This project is conducted to compare the effectiveness between the current implemented preventative measure versus the new measures that have data supporting their effectiveness. Brief Significance: Five articles were chosen that outlined the prevalence of hospital acquired pressure injuries in critical care patients and alternative interventions that have been effective in the prevention of HAPIs. These evidence-based interventions include: The application of multilayered foam dressing with hypo oxygenated fatty oils which would reduce sheer and provide support from the pressure of laying in the …


Voice Assistant For Improving Patient's Lives: The Implementation And Case Study, Anh Duong 2022 Kennesaw State University

Voice Assistant For Improving Patient's Lives: The Implementation And Case Study, Anh Duong

Symposium of Student Scholars

Over the last few years, the adoption of voice assistants in IoT devices has experienced rapid growth as a result of advanced technology alongside the development of artificial intelligence. According to a survey conducted by Juniper Research, over 2.5 billion digital voice assistants were being used in devices around the world by the end of 2018. By 2023, the number is expected to triple to 8 billion. Voice assistants (VA) have integrated into and become a part of human’s modern life with the purpose of making things more accessible and easier to use, hence, improving the users’ living experience. VA …


Relation Between Emotions And Students’ Code Quality Using Iot, Lisero Mugula 2022 Kennesaw State University

Relation Between Emotions And Students’ Code Quality Using Iot, Lisero Mugula

Symposium of Student Scholars

Programming can be a mentally demanding exercise. The objective of this study is to explore the effects emotions have on a programmer’s quality of code. Programmers in the study are given a Rainfall Problem to solve as their emotional data is collected simultaneously. Emotional data is collected using EMOTIV’s neuroheadset. There are 6 emotions tracked in this study: engagement, excitement, focus, interest, relaxation, and stress. One control group is relaxed prior to beginning the programming problem. An EEG-powered relaxation device called Muse is used to accomplish this task. Coding quality is measured based on 6 parameters: average, sum, count, sentinel, …


Artificial Intelligence In The Medical Field: Medical Review Sentiment Analysis, Nicholas Podlesak 2022 Northern Illinois University

Artificial Intelligence In The Medical Field: Medical Review Sentiment Analysis, Nicholas Podlesak

Honors Capstones

In this research project, natural language processing techniques’ ability to accurately classify medical text was measured to reinforce the relevance of artificial intelligence in the medical field. Sentiment analyses (analyses to determine whether the text was positive or negative) were performed on the prescription drug reviews in an open-source dataset using four different models: lexical, a neural network, a support vector machine, and a logistic regression model. Each model’s effectiveness was gauged by its ability to correctly classify unlabeled drug reviews (i.e., a percentage representing accuracy). The machine learning models were able to accurately classify the text, while the lexical …


A Study Of Heart Disease Diagnosis Using Machine Learning And Data Mining, Intisar Ahmed 2022 California State University, San Bernardino

A Study Of Heart Disease Diagnosis Using Machine Learning And Data Mining, Intisar Ahmed

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for people around the world today. Diagnosis for various forms of heart disease can be detected with numerous medical tests, however, predicting heart disease without such tests is very difficult. Machine learning can help process medical big data and provide hidden knowledge which otherwise would not be possible with the naked eye. The aim of this project is to explore how machine learning algorithms can be used in predicting heart disease by building an optimized model. The research questions are; 1) What Machine learning algorithms are used in the diagnosis of heart …


Mind The Gaps: Assessing And Enhancing The Trustworthiness Of Mental Health Apps, Gary Kok Yew CHAN 2022 Singapore Management University

Mind The Gaps: Assessing And Enhancing The Trustworthiness Of Mental Health Apps, Gary Kok Yew Chan

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

Mental health apps including artificial intelligence (“AI”)- powered apps and chatbots have raised serious concerns relating to safety, efficacy and privacy. This article assesses their trustworthiness based on lego-regulatory, ethical and technological measures in addressing the abovementioned concerns. Focusing on applications to mental health apps, it examines Singapore laws, regulations and guidelines relating to software-based and AI medical devices, data protection, consumer protection, advertising and medical negligence. Additionally, upon taking into account other non-binding ethical guidelines, certification standards and technological measures targeted at app developers, a few recommendations are offered for enhancing trust in mental health apps.


Effectiveness Of Mobile Apps To Improve Urinary Incontinence: A Systematic Review Of Randomised Controlled Trials, Renee Widdison, Amineh Rashidi, Lisa Whitehead 2022 Edith Cowan University

Effectiveness Of Mobile Apps To Improve Urinary Incontinence: A Systematic Review Of Randomised Controlled Trials, Renee Widdison, Amineh Rashidi, Lisa Whitehead

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Introduction: Pelvic floor exercises are effective in the treatment of urinary incontinence (UI) and are routinely prescribed, along with bladder training, by primary healthcare providers as first line conservative management. Mobile phone applications are increasingly popular within the healthcare setting and can provide opportunities for patients to complete treatments at home. To date, there has not been a systematic review examining outcomes from randomised controlled trials on the effectiveness of mobile applications to improve UI. Methods: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials evaluating the effectiveness of mobile applications to improve UI was carried out according to the PRISMA reporting …


Improving Medicine-Telemetry Discharge Process, Claire Cafirma 2022 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Improving Medicine-Telemetry Discharge Process, Claire Cafirma

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: In Maryland, the most recent coronavirus disease (COVID-19) surge caused a significant increase in hospitalization and urgent demand for critical care beds. The identified delays in discharging patients from the emergency department to inpatient units resulted in more extended hospital stays, higher complication rates, and morbidity, which also impacted the health care organization's finances.

PICOT: The PICOT question that guided this project was in a medicine-telemetry unit (P), does the implementation of an enhanced electronic discharge planning tool (I) compared to the current discharge planning tool (C) affect timely discharge (O) during an eight-week time period …


An Assessment Of 50 State Early Hearing Detection And Intervention Websites: Is Needed Information Being Provided For Parent Decision Making?, Nichole Westin, Donna Sorkin 2022 American Cochlear Implant Alliance

An Assessment Of 50 State Early Hearing Detection And Intervention Websites: Is Needed Information Being Provided For Parent Decision Making?, Nichole Westin, Donna Sorkin

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Growth of the Internet as an information resource has provided expanded opportunities for families to easily gather information on a range of topics, including health related topics. State Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) websites and other electronic data sources are an important opportunity to support families seeking information on options for their children who have been identified as deaf or hard of hearing. A review was undertaken between August and September 2021 of the 51 US EHDI (state and DC) websites and related information (such as links to others’ sites) to determine if information that is specifcally discussed in …


Nurse-Initiated Treatment Reduces Costs For Acute Asthma In A Pediatric Emergency Department, Michael D. Johnson MD, MS, Minkyoung Yoo PhD, Richard E. Nelson PhD, Amanda K. Nielson MD, Lauren Allen MAS, Nanette Dudley MD, Brandon Andersen RRT, Amanda Orme DNP, CPNP-AC, Cameron McFarland NP-C, Michael Mundorff MBA, MHSA 2022 University of Utah Department of Pediatrics

Nurse-Initiated Treatment Reduces Costs For Acute Asthma In A Pediatric Emergency Department, Michael D. Johnson Md, Ms, Minkyoung Yoo Phd, Richard E. Nelson Phd, Amanda K. Nielson Md, Lauren Allen Mas, Nanette Dudley Md, Brandon Andersen Rrt, Amanda Orme Dnp, Cpnp-Ac, Cameron Mcfarland Np-C, Michael Mundorff Mba, Mhsa

Journal of Nursing & Interprofessional Leadership in Quality & Safety

Standardized emergency department (ED) pathways can improve care delivery to children with acute asthma, though their impact on hospitalization and costs is unclear. An Acute Asthma Care Pathway (AACP) that facilitates nurse initiation of treatment was implemented at a tertiary care pediatric ED using standard quality improvement methodology. The impact of implementation was assessed using process control methodology and multivariable time series analyses between pre- and post-implementation periods. Provision of a steroid within 30 minutes and 60 minutes of arrival increased by 21 and 22 percentage points respectively, IV magnesium sulfate administration increased by 30 percentage points, the proportion hospitalized …


Outcomes Of Asthma Quality Improvement In Pediatric Patients, Kathryn M. Murray MD, FAAP 2022 University of Utah Department of Pediatrics

Outcomes Of Asthma Quality Improvement In Pediatric Patients, Kathryn M. Murray Md, Faap

Journal of Nursing & Interprofessional Leadership in Quality & Safety

Introduction. The Utah Pediatric Partnership to Improve Healthcare Quality (UPIQ) and Utah Department of Health (UDOH) Asthma Program Learning Collaborative is a quality improvement initiative designed to standardize asthma care in pediatric patients and improve the overall assessment and patient education process for both healthcare providers and patients. The aim of the Asthma QI Project was to improve the diagnosis and management of asthma for patients in the state of Utah by implementing a standardized approach to the identification and treatment of patients with asthma.

Methods. Patients scheduled to see a healthcare provider at our pediatric clinic were screened for …


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