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Indiana Law Fertility Fraud Expert Participates In Washington, Dc Roundtable, James Owsley Boyd 2023 Maurer School of Law - Indiana University

Indiana Law Fertility Fraud Expert Participates In Washington, Dc Roundtable, James Owsley Boyd

Keep Up With the Latest News from the Law School (blog)

Professor Jody Madeira, an internationally recognized expert in fertility fraud, bioethics, and law and medicine, participated this morning (January 26) in a bipartisan roundtable discussion with victims of fertility fraud. The event was facilitated by U.S. Representatives Stephanie Bice (R-OK), Mikie Sherrill (D-NJ), Julia Letlow (R-LA), and Chrissy Houlahan (D-PA) following the January 23 introduction of their Protecting Families From Fertility Fraud Act, which would—for the first time—make it a federal crime to knowingly misrepresent the source of DNA used in any procedure that involves assisted reproduction.


Mommy, Me, And We: Why Black Mothers Have Turned To Doulas, Janessa Harris 2023 University of Georgia

Mommy, Me, And We: Why Black Mothers Have Turned To Doulas, Janessa Harris

Crossings: Swarthmore Undergraduate Feminist Research Journal

Maternal mortality mates have disproportionately affected black mothers for far too long due to the lack of value that black bodies hold in medical spaces. Because of this concerns voiced by black people are often disregarded and ignored until the very last minute. But what if this was changed? This paper will focus on how black mothers have worked against Western medical systems that silence our voices, but instead turn to doulas who work to make these mothers feel seen, heard, and cared for. Through this, we make birthing a careful and collective effort to turn Mommy&Me to Mommy&We.


Masculinized Sovereignty: Understanding Violence Towards Mice And The Nonhuman, Anisha Prakash 2023 Barnard College

Masculinized Sovereignty: Understanding Violence Towards Mice And The Nonhuman, Anisha Prakash

Crossings: Swarthmore Undergraduate Feminist Research Journal

This paper attempts to analyze how the definition of the normative “human” categorizes bodies that represent alternative political order against settler colonialism, and how the subjects that go against the dominant ideal of human are prohibited from living a free life, if not altogether eliminated. While conducting research, I view the lab as a site of social advancement where the differences between humans and nonhumans create a community of shared purpose. An interrogation of the laboratory as a site of violence can help us better understand how the State’s capitalist modes of advancement and production harm those of indigenous people, …


Renal Replacement Therapy Could Be Initiated In Patients With Severe Aki, Regardless Of Age And Critical Condition, El Hussain Shamsa 2022 Wayne State University

Renal Replacement Therapy Could Be Initiated In Patients With Severe Aki, Regardless Of Age And Critical Condition, El Hussain Shamsa

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Meersch M, Küllmar M, Schmidt C, et al. Long-Term Clinical Outcomes after Early Initiation of RRT in Critically Ill Patients with AKI. J Am Soc Nephrol. Mar 2018;29(3):1011-1019. https://doi.org/10.1681/asn.2017060694

for a critically ill elderly patient with severe acute kidney injury.


Nursing Considerations For Post-Traumatic Amnesia After A Traumatic Brain Injury, Hannah Grant 2022 Liberty University

Nursing Considerations For Post-Traumatic Amnesia After A Traumatic Brain Injury, Hannah Grant

Senior Honors Theses

A period known as post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) often follows a traumatic brain injury (TBI). PTA is characterized by anterograde and retrograde amnesia, confusion, disorientation, and agitation. The duration and severity of PTA is a key indicator of the long-term prognosis after a TBI, so proper assessment and nursing care of a PTA patient is crucial. TBIs range from mild to severe, but primarily affect the fronto-temporal lobes. In PTA, both neural lesions and white matter damage within the parahippocampal region can cause PTA. A nurse must perform a thorough assessment of a TBI patient, but, since PTA is a key …


Ethical And Moral Imperatives Of 2022, Sheila P. Davis PhD 2022 A Natural Way Family Health Clinic

Ethical And Moral Imperatives Of 2022, Sheila P. Davis Phd

Journal of Health Ethics

Editor's introduction to the Journal of Health Ethics vol. 18, no. 2


Intra-Skeletal Variation In Stable Isotopes Through Non-Destructive Approaches: Applications Of The Patterns Of Skeletal Remodeling To Biological Anthropology, Armando Anzellini 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Intra-Skeletal Variation In Stable Isotopes Through Non-Destructive Approaches: Applications Of The Patterns Of Skeletal Remodeling To Biological Anthropology, Armando Anzellini

Doctoral Dissertations

Stable isotope analysis is a well-established method in biological anthropology used to deliver data on residence, diet, and life history. Samples for these analyses are often collected from the diaphyses of long bones with an assumption of an expected rate of turnover between five and ten years, depending on the skeletal element. However, the biological foundations of this assumption are still uncertain, especially concerning the intra-skeletal and intra-element variation of isotopic signatures that may relate to patterns of remodeling. Exploring these gaps in intra-element isotopic variation requires fine-grained work using multiple bones from multiple individuals, but such work is limited …


Psychiatric Medications: Does Education Affect Medication Prescriptions?, Surina M. Narine, Mary D. Ramos, Sarah Chu 2022 Kennesaw State University

Psychiatric Medications: Does Education Affect Medication Prescriptions?, Surina M. Narine, Mary D. Ramos, Sarah Chu

Symposium of Student Scholars

Background: There is a lack of research on racial challenges among underrepresented adolescents regarding prescription drug use for mental illnesses. Purpose: This study addressed the following question: In adolescent minorities, how does education about racial disparity and culture affect the stigma and number of prescriptions written for psychiatric medications? This evidence-based practice project aimed to identify if racial awareness directly impacts the amount of psychiatric medication prescribed for adolescent minorities. Methods: Literature reviews analyzed qualitative and quantitative data to provide correlating information on racial disparities and psychotropic medications. This study examined the following possible factors for decreased prescribed drugs within …


Impact Of Moral Injury On Work Performance In Nurses Following The Covid-19 Surges, Annette Callis, Trisha Saul, Ross Bindler 2022 Providence Little Company of Mary

Impact Of Moral Injury On Work Performance In Nurses Following The Covid-19 Surges, Annette Callis, Trisha Saul, Ross Bindler

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Background

Moral Injury (MI) was defined by Jonathan Shay in 1994 as committing acts that betray one’s moral compass in high-stakes situations, while under the authority of another, that severely affect one’s well-being. MI was measured solely in the military prior to the COVID pandemic.

Aims

1.Explore the relationship between moral injury (MI) and perceived work performance in hospital nurses following the pandemic surges. 2. Determine relationships between MI and select participant demographics and between work performance and select demographics.

Sample

A convenience sample of 191 nurses from seven Southern California Hospitals participated in the study from March to June …


Discussing The Injustice Of The Covid-19 Vaccine Pass Imposed On Medical Consultation In Public Hospitals In Hong Kong, Fung Kei Cheng 2022 Independent Researcher

Discussing The Injustice Of The Covid-19 Vaccine Pass Imposed On Medical Consultation In Public Hospitals In Hong Kong, Fung Kei Cheng

Journal of Health Ethics

The COVID-19 pandemic has devastated public health, economy and social life all over the world, especially wherever a vaccine pass scheme has been implemented. Many countries have begun to relax schedules to return to normal activities. In contrast, Hong Kong continues to tighten the utilisation of a vaccine pass for medical services in order to boost vaccination rates. Such a practice not only significantly challenges ethical and operative concerns but also threatens health equity and social justice for healthcare decision-makers and practitioners, consequently hurting public health and community well-being. This discussion analyses the various arguments, reviews vaccine hesitancy and suggests …


Applying Lessons Learned: Nursing Facility Administrators’ Operational And Ethical Challenges During Covid-19, Mary Eleanor R. Wickersham 2022 College of Coastal Georgia

Applying Lessons Learned: Nursing Facility Administrators’ Operational And Ethical Challenges During Covid-19, Mary Eleanor R. Wickersham

Journal of Health Ethics

Operational and ethical challenges for nursing homes across the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic were daunting, that experience perhaps only a forecast of future epidemics that nursing home administrators and operators may face. This article describes administrator-identified challenges and focuses on how nursing homes might learn from their experiences by increasing flexibility to meet evolving needs, improving quality assurance and disaster planning, using ethics policies and ethical decision-making processes to work through difficult decisions, and leading the way in creating new policies that will make nursing home care safer and more appropriate for patients with ever changing needs.


Theory Building As Integrated Reflection: Understanding Physician Reflection Through Human Communication Research, Medical Education, And Ethics, Andrea Vicini, Ashley P. Duggan, Allen F. Shaughnessy 2022 Boston College

Theory Building As Integrated Reflection: Understanding Physician Reflection Through Human Communication Research, Medical Education, And Ethics, Andrea Vicini, Ashley P. Duggan, Allen F. Shaughnessy

Journal of Health Ethics

Grounded in a presupposition that a single explanatory framework cannot fully account for the expansive learning processes that occur during medical residency, the article examines developing physicians’ reflective writing from three disciplinary lenses. The goal is to understand how the multi-dimensional nature of medical residency translates into assembling educational experiences and constructing meaning that cannot be fully explained through a single discipline. An interdisciplinary research team across medical education, communication, and ethics qualitatively analyzed reflective entries (N=756) completed by family medicine residents (N=33) across an academic year. Results provide evidence for moving toward an integrated thematic explanation across disciplines. The …


Should Health Systems Share Genetic Findings With At-Risk Relatives When The Proband Is Deceased? Interviews With Individuals Diagnosed With Lynch Syndrome, Jessica Ezzell Hunter, Jennifer L. Schneider, Alison J. Firemark, James V. Davis, Sara Gille, Pamala A. Pawloski, Su-Ying Liang, Victoria Schlieder, Alanna Kulchak Rahm 2022 RTI International

Should Health Systems Share Genetic Findings With At-Risk Relatives When The Proband Is Deceased? Interviews With Individuals Diagnosed With Lynch Syndrome, Jessica Ezzell Hunter, Jennifer L. Schneider, Alison J. Firemark, James V. Davis, Sara Gille, Pamala A. Pawloski, Su-Ying Liang, Victoria Schlieder, Alanna Kulchak Rahm

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Genetic information has health implications for patients and their biological relatives. Death of a patient before sharing a genetic diagnosis with at-risk relatives is a missed opportunity to provide important information that could guide interventions to minimize cancer-related morbidity and mortality in relatives.

Methods: We performed semi-structured interviews with individuals diagnosed with Lynch syndrome at 1 of 4 health systems to explore their perspectives on whether health systems should share genetic risk information with relatives following a patient’s death. An inductive, open-coding approach was used to analyze audio-recorded content, with software-generated code reports undergoing iterative comparative analysis by a …


Wellness Review 2022, Part 1, Martin Huecker, Brian A. Ferguson, Jacob Shreffler 2022 University of Louisville

Wellness Review 2022, Part 1, Martin Huecker, Brian A. Ferguson, Jacob Shreffler

Journal of Wellness

Introduction: This article represents the first of a two-part assessment of 2022 literature addressing wellness in healthcare professionals published from January 1, 2022 to June 30, 2022.

Methods: Three editors conducted a similar keyword search in Pubmed, also adding manually curated articles. Focusing chiefly on clinical trials and other prospective research, we settled on a final 25 significant papers focusing on wellness in medical professionals to include in this review.

Literature Review: Recent literature into HCW wellness continues to describe burnout factors and COVID-19 impact, but includes more resilience-targeting interventions and systematic reviews of trials seeking bolstering of well-being. Subsections …


On Conflict, Brenden Huynh 2022 Nova Southeastern University

On Conflict, Brenden Huynh

be Still

Conflict

In the past, I’ve always been one to avoid conflict. Conflict always had a negative connotation in my mind. I did whatever I could to avoid it. Because of my aversion to conflict, I have had to compromise my time and my efforts in numerous situations. I’ve held my tongue to prevent problems; but sometimes, this would lead to even more. This has affected me all my life, whether its a friend who said something I wasn’t fond of or a waitress that messed up my order, I almost never said anything simply to avoid conflict. Last year, I …


An Analysis Of Clinical Research Enrollment Decisions In Post-Ebola Guinea, Alisha Kabani 2022 Western University

An Analysis Of Clinical Research Enrollment Decisions In Post-Ebola Guinea, Alisha Kabani

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

In the aftermath of the West Africa Ebola outbreak, many grew familiar with the term “Ebola business”, a phrase serving as a shorthand for an assemblage of practices and possibilities that stood for the profitability potential of the deadly Ebola virus in the country. This is the backdrop for a CIHR-funded qualitative study aimed at advancing the understanding of whether and how those approached for clinical research post-Ebola, experienced those invitations and associated benefits.

My role consisted of supporting the analysis and expanding evidence-based understanding of when and on what basis, participants in foreign-funded and remunerated studies in high poverty …


Ethical Implications Of Covid-19 Surveillance In Karnataka Using Nancy Kass Framework, Apurva Jain, Lakshya Arora 2022 Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai, India

Ethical Implications Of Covid-19 Surveillance In Karnataka Using Nancy Kass Framework, Apurva Jain, Lakshya Arora

Journal of Health Ethics

Numerous public health hurdles, including pandemics such as COVID-19, have led to concerns about community health practices in relation, necessitating the application of an ethical perspective. International research ethics guidelines are only used in a restricted range of contexts of public health. As a result, a variety of frameworks have been established to assist ethical analysis of public health concerns. In this study, we have used the Nancy Kass framework for analyzing COVID-19 surveillance in Karnataka state of India, which is a six-step approach that can assist public health practitioners in evaluating the ethical consequences of interventions, policy initiatives, services, …


Ethical Considerations Of Telehealth: Access, Inequity, Trust, And Overuse, Monica O'Reilly-Jacob, Andrea Vicini, Ashley P. Duggan 2022 Boston College

Ethical Considerations Of Telehealth: Access, Inequity, Trust, And Overuse, Monica O'Reilly-Jacob, Andrea Vicini, Ashley P. Duggan

Journal of Health Ethics

In the U.S. healthcare system, telehealth is increasingly present and demands ethical assessment. On the one hand, telehealth increases access to healthcare services for some at-risk populations (e.g., people suffering from mental illness and addictions) and in specific contexts (e.g., rural). On the other hand, telehealth widens the digital divide and can lead to overuse of services. Furthermore, because it is still unclear how telehealth influences trust between patients and primary care clinicians, connecting relationship science and human communication research can inform critical reasoning. Finally, healthcare policy is advancing toward the wide adoption of telehealth. Hence, it is urgent to …


Financial Incentives And Healthcare: A Critique Of Michael Sandel, Mark Peacock 2022 York University, Toronto

Financial Incentives And Healthcare: A Critique Of Michael Sandel, Mark Peacock

Journal of Health Ethics

The use of financial incentives in healthcare calls for ethical examination. Michael Sandel's influential work represents such examination and is subject to critical analysis in this paper. Sandel focuses on monetary payments to persuade patients to lose weight, give up smoking etc. but also on the much-discussed case of giving drug addicts money in return for their consent to be sterilized. He offers two separate objections to financial incentives, one based on coercion, the other on corruption. I argue that Sandel's corruption objection to commodification is insufficient to ground the objection he has to financial incentives in healthcare. Whatever strength …


Reciprocity And Priority Allocation System For Organ Transplant: An Ethical Analysis, Gordon Wong, Chong Ho Yu 2022 Azusa Pacific University

Reciprocity And Priority Allocation System For Organ Transplant: An Ethical Analysis, Gordon Wong, Chong Ho Yu

Journal of Health Ethics

How to increase the supply of organs donations for transplant is a critical issue in healthcare. Although recently xenotransplantation has received much publicity, it may be years before this becomes clinically viable. The Reciprocity and Priority Allocation (RPA) System currently used in Israel and a few other countries may be a reasonable approach to increase organ donation in the foreseeable future. For this approach to be accepted by the public, a robust analysis on its ethical implications is needed. This paper applies two formal ethics frameworks to analyze the implication of the RPA system.


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