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Bioethics and Medical Ethics Commons

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Cross-Sectional Analysis Of Patient-Centered Language Use In Journals Publishing Research Focused On Heart Failure, Vivian Pham, Benjamin Greiner, Ryan Ottwell, Matt Vassar, Micah L. Hartwell 2021 University of Oklahoma Medical Center; Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences

Cross-Sectional Analysis Of Patient-Centered Language Use In Journals Publishing Research Focused On Heart Failure, Vivian Pham, Benjamin Greiner, Ryan Ottwell, Matt Vassar, Micah L. Hartwell

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Detrimental effects of using non–patient-centered language (nPCL) have been reported for diabetes, mental illness, and obesity, and both the American Medical Association (AMA) and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommend using patient-centered language in medical literature. Heart failure is a common yet stigmatized disease, and nPCL may further propagate stigma. This study analyzed current use of nPCL in journals focused on heart failure research and also examined whether the journals steer authors to adhere to AMA or ICMJE guidelines regarding nPCL.

Methods: Following systematic search of PubMed for heart failure-related articles published from May 1, 2018 ...


Black And White Health Disparities: Racial Bias In American Healthcare, Yasmeen Almomani 2021 Wilfrid Laurier University

Black And White Health Disparities: Racial Bias In American Healthcare, Yasmeen Almomani

Bridges: An Undergraduate Journal of Contemporary Connections

This paper explores the historical implications of race in American society that have led to implicit racism in the healthcare system. Racial bias in healthcare against Black people is a factor in the health disparities between Black and white people in America, such as the gap in life expectancy, infant death, and maternal mortality. Black people are more likely to report racial discrimination from healthcare providers, which is a reason for the decreased quality of care received. The past justifications of slavery, the Tuskegee syphilis study, and the medical experimentations on Black women are horrifying but were considered acceptable in ...


Information Needs Of Traditional Medicine Practitioners (Tmps) In Nigeria With A Particular Reference To Alimosho Local Government Of Lagos State, Adeniran Pauline Oghenekaro Mrs. 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Information Needs Of Traditional Medicine Practitioners (Tmps) In Nigeria With A Particular Reference To Alimosho Local Government Of Lagos State, Adeniran Pauline Oghenekaro Mrs.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Information plays a crucial role in modern society. It helps people to develop their knowledge of the world. This knowledge guides them against mistakes leading to effectiveness and efficiency in all aspects of life. This survey aimed to determine the Information needs and sources of Information of Traditional Medicine Practitioners (TMPs) in Nigeria with reference to Alimosho Local Government Area of Lagos State. The study population comprised forty (40) registered traditional medicine practitioners in Alimosho Local Government Area of Lagos State. The questionnaire instrument was used for data collection in which forty (40) copies were administered to the traditional medicine ...


Meilaender's "Bioethics: A Primer For Christians, 4th Ed." (Book Review), Carl P. Olson 2021 Towson University

Meilaender's "Bioethics: A Primer For Christians, 4th Ed." (Book Review), Carl P. Olson

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


The Violence Of Postmodern “Gender Identity” Medicine, Heather Brunskell-Evans 2021 Kings College, retired

The Violence Of Postmodern “Gender Identity” Medicine, Heather Brunskell-Evans

Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

The medical “transition” of children with “gender dysphoria” is increasingly normalized in North America, Western Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. Although each country has specific national gender identity development services, the rationale for prescribing hormone treatment is broadly similar. A minority rights paradigm underpinned by postmodern theory has gained traction in the past 10 years and has been successful in influencing public policy, the education of pediatricians, endocrinologists, and mental health professionals. In this view, any response other than an affirmation of the child’s claim to be the opposite sex or “born in the wrong body ...


Demographics, Activities, And Environmental Factors Impact Burnout In A National Survey Of Emergency Medicine Residents, Nicole Battaglioli, Tim P. Moran, Simiao Li-Sauerwine 2021 Emory University

Demographics, Activities, And Environmental Factors Impact Burnout In A National Survey Of Emergency Medicine Residents, Nicole Battaglioli, Tim P. Moran, Simiao Li-Sauerwine

Journal of Wellness

Introduction: Burnout in emergency medicine and in residency training has been well-described. The impact of demographic, individual, and programmatic factors on burnout have not previously been determined in a national survey of emergency medicine residents. This study aimed to identify personal and environmental factors impacting resident burnout in a national sample of emergency medicine residents.

Methods: A prospective Emergency Medicine Resident Wellness Survey was administered in 2017. We surveyed respondents on demographic, personal, and environmental factors; each respondent also completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey. Linear regressions were used to identify variables associated with the Maslach Burnout Inventory ...


A Qualitative Study On The Factors Affecting The Willingness Of 3rd Level Students To Register As Organ Donors In Ireland, Evelyn Hayes, Erika Horan, Cian Lally, Aisling Murphy 2021 Munster Technological University

A Qualitative Study On The Factors Affecting The Willingness Of 3rd Level Students To Register As Organ Donors In Ireland, Evelyn Hayes, Erika Horan, Cian Lally, Aisling Murphy

International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences

A wide range of factors contribute to an individual’s choice whether or not to register as an organ donor. The knowledge of the Irish population at large around the area of donation and transplantation is varied. A research survey was designed to be completed by third level students. The purpose of the research was to determine the most important factors that played a role in their decisions regarding opting-in to organ donation. A second aim of the survey was to determine the participants’ levels of knowledge and understanding on the ‘opt in’ donation system in place here in Ireland ...


Full Issue: The International Undergraduate Journal Of Health Sciences, Volume 1, Issue 1, June 2021, 2021 Munster Technological University

Full Issue: The International Undergraduate Journal Of Health Sciences, Volume 1, Issue 1, June 2021

International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences

The full June 2021 issue (Volume 1, Issue 1) of the International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences


Health Care Disparities Around The Globe, Brianna N. Hodak, Renee Nicholson 2021 West Virginia University

Health Care Disparities Around The Globe, Brianna N. Hodak, Renee Nicholson

Mountaineer Undergraduate Research Review

In Honduras, there are only 0.8 physicians for every 1,000 citizens, creating a nearly insurmountable barrier on the ability to access health care for the impoverished lower and middle classes. Various health care models that a country adopts directly affects the quality of life of its citizens, including access to care and clean water, advocacy of preventative methods, and life expectancy. By analyzing models, such as the “Out-of-Pocket”, Beveridge, and Bismarck models, one can see that there are positive and negative aspects in every system. It can also be seen that the American Healthcare system is also in ...


The Ways In Which Women’S Suffrage Affected Healthcare, Madison M. Weber 2021 St. John Fisher College

The Ways In Which Women’S Suffrage Affected Healthcare, Madison M. Weber

The Review: A Journal of Undergraduate Student Research

The 19th Amendment had and continues to have a major impact on women’s healthcare in the United States. Prior to suffrage, women had little to no ability to voice their thoughts on and change policies that regarded their own health. This essay addresses the way in which the vote both directly and indirectly impacted healthcare; including workplace conditions, maternal and reproductive rights, racial disparities, political advocacy and healthcare, the different waves of feminism, and how this has all affected modern healthcare for women. From progressive articles being published in women's magazines, to the establishment of marital rape, to ...


Ethics & Pricing In The Pharmaceutical Industry, Ayo-Oluwa Laleye 2021 DePauw University

Ethics & Pricing In The Pharmaceutical Industry, Ayo-Oluwa Laleye

Student Research

During the final weeks of Professor Dan Gurnon’s CHEM 343 class, students are given the opportunity to present a topic that intersects with the biochemistry knowledge learned over the course of their semester. For my presentation, I chose to explore a specific ethical and moral issue of drug pricing in the bio-pharmaceutical industry. This presentation dives deep into the metabolic functional pathways of Daraprim, a WHO essential medicine and the scandal that surrounds the pricing of the medication. The cost of Daraprim rose from $13.50 to $750 per pill, a 5455% increase for a medication that costs less ...


Promoting Health Literacy To Aging Christians To Combat The Scourge Of Euthanasia Through The Church, Willie Mae Corley 2021 Liberty University

Promoting Health Literacy To Aging Christians To Combat The Scourge Of Euthanasia Through The Church, Willie Mae Corley

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

The many dilemmas that occur in the medical care of chronically ill seniors raise the question of whether senior populations have become the new black. The research seeks to provide an evidence-based review of limited health literacy among elderly African American Christians regarding diagnoses and medical treatments, which has resulted in unethical Christian practices becoming a norm. The researcher adapted the health literacy framework of Paasche Orlow and Wolf’s view of three distinct causes that influence health literacy: the access and utilization of health care, the patient-provider relationship, and self-care. The problem is that Victory Church members may not ...


Exploring Social Determinants Of Covid-19 Related Sickness And Suffering In The Bronx, Hamida Chumpa 2021 CUNY Bernard M Baruch College

Exploring Social Determinants Of Covid-19 Related Sickness And Suffering In The Bronx, Hamida Chumpa

Student Theses

Through a positivistic and phenomenological approach, the study examines social determinants of COVID-19 related sickness and suffering in the Bronx, New York City, New York, ZIP codes 10462, 10472, 10467, 10458, 10474, and 10464. I utilize a violence paradigm (structural and everyday violence) to describe the social determinants of risk and sickness-related suffering and deploy an assemblage framework to shed light on how these determinants create negative synergies that undermine wellbeing and render certain communities vulnerable to extreme suffering. The mixed methods include 64 surveys and eight interviews. Analysis methods include a descriptive analysis of survey results and a thematic ...


Biomedical Ethics In The Medical School Curriculum: Lessons Learned From The Holocaust, Emma Flanagan 2021 College of the Holy Cross

Biomedical Ethics In The Medical School Curriculum: Lessons Learned From The Holocaust, Emma Flanagan

College Honors Program

The Holocaust, the murder of 6 million Jews, is the only medically-santioned genocide. This thesis explores the roles of Nazi doctors in the planning, organizing, and implementation of the organized mass murder of European Jewry. Given the German medical community’s complicity, it is imperative that physicians today are well informed about their profession’s history of involvement in the Holocaust. In addition, and by way of contrast, a study of the moral challenges faced by doctors imprisoned in concentration camps or in the ghettos of Nazi-occupied Europe might serve to better prepare physicians for future ethical dilemmas. In a ...


Do Males With 45,X/46,Xy Mosaicism Have Turner Syndrome, Michelle Knoll 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Do Males With 45,X/46,Xy Mosaicism Have Turner Syndrome, Michelle Knoll

Research Days

Background: Patients with 45,X/46,XY mosaicism can have genitalia spanning the range from typical female to typical male, and the sex assigned at birth is often based on the appearance of the genitalia. According to current nomenclature, only the subgroup assigned female are diagnosed with Turner syndrome (TS) (Gravholt et al, 2017). Clinical practice guidelines recommend that girls with TS be screened for several comorbidities, including short stature, cardiac and renal anomalies, and autoimmune conditions, but there are no recommendations for screening of boys with 45,X/46,XY mosaicism.

Objectives/Goal: We sought to determine if boys ...


Pediatric Intensivists' Use Of Nudging In Care Conferences, Aliza Olive 2021 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Pediatric Intensivists' Use Of Nudging In Care Conferences, Aliza Olive

Research Days

Background: Nudging is a behavioral economics term describing a form of choice architecture that affects behavior without eliminating options. Shared decisions with families are made frequently in the PICU during care conferences, where nudging likely occurs, but has not been studied.

Objectives/Goal: We aimed to identify how pediatric intensivists use nudging to guide decision making.

Methods/Design: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 70 PICU care conference transcripts using a validated coding scheme for choice architecture. Choice frames included: saliency, gain loss or mixed frame, yes/no, two options, multiple options, open ended, default, endowment, commission, omission, recommend, expert ...


The Health Insurance Portability And Accountability Act And Its Impact On Privacy And Confidentiality In Healthcare, Allyssa Stadler 2021 Liberty University

The Health Insurance Portability And Accountability Act And Its Impact On Privacy And Confidentiality In Healthcare, Allyssa Stadler

Senior Honors Theses

The world of healthcare and technology has continued to grow and expand into the future while HIPAA (the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act), the foundational patient privacy law in the United States of America, is attempting to keep up with this new world. This thesis reviews HIPAA and other health-related laws necessary to understanding patient privacy. It analyzes peer-reviewed studies on patient confidentiality and HIPAA to elicit the patient’s and provider’s opinion on HIPAA and patient confidentiality. Lastly, the current challenges of patient confidentiality and HIPAA are discussed, and potential solutions are suggested to improve these issues.


Comparison Of Mortality Data From Nebraska’S Rural & Metropolitan Health Districts, Claire Figi 2021 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Comparison Of Mortality Data From Nebraska’S Rural & Metropolitan Health Districts, Claire Figi

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

As there has been minimal research done on the correlation between communities identified as rural or metropolitan and their mortality rates, this research aims to provide baseline evidence that mortality rates associated with non-infectious and infectious diseases are connected to an area’s rural or metropolitan classification. This study analyzed public data from the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services and the Center for Disease Control to compare mortality rates related to the top two causes of death in both rural and metropolitan health districts of the state of Nebraska, United States. This data was then compared to mortality ...


Welcoming The Game Changer Of Human Society: A Defense Of The Moral Permissibility And Obligations Of Human Genetic Engineering, Yongkang Li 2021 William & Mary

Welcoming The Game Changer Of Human Society: A Defense Of The Moral Permissibility And Obligations Of Human Genetic Engineering, Yongkang Li

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In 2018, a Chinese scientist, Jiankun He, announced the birth of two HIV-resistant babies through his experiment of human genetic engineering. This incidence has soon shocked the entire scientific community and invoked public outrage towards He’s corrupt moral integrity.

However, this event should also act as a harbinger to the human society that the technique of human genetic engineering is rapidly approaching maturity. In that case, how should we respond?

This thesis focuses on the moral issues surrounding human genetic engineering and advertises an accepting moral attitude to this booming technology. This thesis will first discuss the types of ...


In With A Runny Nose, Out In A Body Bag: Why Is It So Difficult For Black Women To Leave The Hospital Alive?, Chelsea Carter 2021 Murray State University

In With A Runny Nose, Out In A Body Bag: Why Is It So Difficult For Black Women To Leave The Hospital Alive?, Chelsea Carter

Liberal Arts Capstones

In the Black community, there is an unspoken understanding about going to the doctor with a runny nose, and leaving in a body bag. A recent article published by The Oprah Magazine demonstrates that racism is rampant in the United States healthcare system, and it is taking the lives of Black women at an alarmingly disproportionate rate (Stallings, 2018). When seeking medical treatment, many Black women are at the mercy of doctors who hold an implicit bias against Black women. Simply put, implicit bias describes when people behave and treat others based on negative preconceptions they have about other people ...


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