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Compliance With Guidelines For Treatment Of Staphylococcus Aureus Bacteremia Is Associated With Decreased Mortality In Patients Hospitalized For Community-Acquired Pneumonia With Staphylococcus Aureus Bacteremia, Leslie Beavin, Vidyulata Salunkhe, Shashvin Singh, Ahmed Gana, Balaji Sekaran, Mahder A. Tella, Stephen P. Furmanek, Forest W. Arnold 2022 University of Louisville

Compliance With Guidelines For Treatment Of Staphylococcus Aureus Bacteremia Is Associated With Decreased Mortality In Patients Hospitalized For Community-Acquired Pneumonia With Staphylococcus Aureus Bacteremia, Leslie Beavin, Vidyulata Salunkhe, Shashvin Singh, Ahmed Gana, Balaji Sekaran, Mahder A. Tella, Stephen P. Furmanek, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Introduction: Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia has a minimum treatment duration of two weeks, while S. aureus community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) treatment is at least five days. Treatment failure, persistent bacteremia, and recurrence are common among patients with community-acquired S. aureus bacteremia. There is conflicting information in the current Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines for the treatment of S.aureus bacteremia patients with CAP. Therefore, the appropriate treatment duration and modality for S. aureus CAP with bacteremia is unclear. The objective of this study was to compare outcomes among patients with S. aureus CAP and bacteremia treated in compliance versus non-compliance with …


29 M 6 A-Rna Methylation (Epitranscriptomic) Regulators Are Regulated In 41 Diseases Including Atherosclerosis And Tumors Potentially Via Ros Regulation - 102 Transcriptomic Dataset Analyses, Ming Liu, Keman Xu, Fatma Saaoud, Ying Shao, Ruijing Zhang, Yifan Lu, Yu Sun, Charles Drummer IV, Li Li, Sheng Wu, Satya P Kunapuli, Gerard J Criner, Jianxin Sun, Huimin Shan, Xiaohua Jiang, Hong Wang, Xiaofeng Yang 2022 Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University

29 M 6 A-Rna Methylation (Epitranscriptomic) Regulators Are Regulated In 41 Diseases Including Atherosclerosis And Tumors Potentially Via Ros Regulation - 102 Transcriptomic Dataset Analyses, Ming Liu, Keman Xu, Fatma Saaoud, Ying Shao, Ruijing Zhang, Yifan Lu, Yu Sun, Charles Drummer Iv, Li Li, Sheng Wu, Satya P Kunapuli, Gerard J Criner, Jianxin Sun, Huimin Shan, Xiaohua Jiang, Hong Wang, Xiaofeng Yang

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

We performed a database mining on 102 transcriptomic datasets for the expressions of 29 m6A-RNA methylation (epitranscriptomic) regulators (m6A-RMRs) in 41 diseases and cancers and made significant findings: (1) a few m6A-RMRs were upregulated; and most m6A-RMRs were downregulated in sepsis, acute respiratory distress syndrome, shock, and trauma; (2) half of 29 m6A-RMRs were downregulated in atherosclerosis; (3) inflammatory bowel disease and rheumatoid arthritis modulated m6A-RMRs more than lupus and psoriasis; (4) some organ failures shared eight upregulated m6A-RMRs; end-stage renal failure (ESRF) downregulated 85% of m6A-RMRs; (5) Middle-East respiratory syndrome coronavirus infections modulated m6A-RMRs the most among viral infections; …


Clinical Outcomes For Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia Are Worse In Those With A History Of Stroke, Pradeepthi Badugu, Dilip KC, Bibodh Jung Karki, Mahder A. Tella, Vidyulata Salunkhe 2022 University of Louisville

Clinical Outcomes For Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia Are Worse In Those With A History Of Stroke, Pradeepthi Badugu, Dilip Kc, Bibodh Jung Karki, Mahder A. Tella, Vidyulata Salunkhe

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: Stroke is one of the most prevalent neurological diseases in the United States. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the leading cause of infections in survivors of stroke. There is limited research evaluating the clinical outcomes of CAP in patients with stroke. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of hospitalized patients with CAP and a history of stroke.

Methods: This was a secondary analysis of the University of Louisville Pneumonia Study database. Patients were divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of a history of stroke. Clinical outcomes were length of …


Ovarian Cancer G Protein-Coupled Receptor 1 Inhibits A549 Cells Migration Through Casein Kinase 2Α Intronless Gene And Neutral Endopeptidase, Adhikarimayum Lakhikumar Sharma, Puyam Milan Meitei, Takhellambam Chanu Machathoibi, Naorem Tarundas Singh, Thiyam Ramsing Singh, Lisam Shanjukumar Singh 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Ovarian Cancer G Protein-Coupled Receptor 1 Inhibits A549 Cells Migration Through Casein Kinase 2Α Intronless Gene And Neutral Endopeptidase, Adhikarimayum Lakhikumar Sharma, Puyam Milan Meitei, Takhellambam Chanu Machathoibi, Naorem Tarundas Singh, Thiyam Ramsing Singh, Lisam Shanjukumar Singh

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

Background: We have previously reported that a new intronless gene for casein kinase 2α (CK2α), CSNK2A3, is expressed in human cells. The promoter of the well-known CK2α, CSNK2A1, displays characteristics of a housekeeping gene, whereas CSNK2A3 has a characteristic of a regulated promoter with two TATA boxes and a CAAT box. GPR68, a family of the G protein-coupled receptors, is also known as ovarian cancer G protein-coupled receptor 1 (OGR1). In the current study, we analyzed the roles of CK2α genes and neutral endopeptidase (NEP), a key enzyme that influences a variety of malignancies, in the OGR1-induced inhibition of A549 …


Retraction Note: Obesity-Induced Adipokine Imbalance Impairs Mouse Pulmonary Vascular Endothelial Function And Primes The Lung For Injury, Dilip Shah, Freddy Romero, Michelle Duong, Nadan Wang, Bishnuhari Paudyal, Benjamin T Suratt, Caleb B Kallen, Jianxin Sun, Ying Zhu, Kenneth Walsh, Ross Summer 2022 dilip.shah@jefferson.edu

Retraction Note: Obesity-Induced Adipokine Imbalance Impairs Mouse Pulmonary Vascular Endothelial Function And Primes The Lung For Injury, Dilip Shah, Freddy Romero, Michelle Duong, Nadan Wang, Bishnuhari Paudyal, Benjamin T Suratt, Caleb B Kallen, Jianxin Sun, Ying Zhu, Kenneth Walsh, Ross Summer

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

The Authors have retracted this Article. Afer publication of this Article, concerns have been raised about irregularities in the western blot data. In particular, the following bands appear to be duplicated: – Fig. 1e HFD/p-Src lane 1 and 3; – Fig. 4c NCD/Ve-cadherin lane 1 and 3 – Fig. 5e HFD+APN/ICAM-1 lane 1 and 2 – Fig. 5f HFD/beta-catenin lane 2 and HFD+APN/beta-catenin lane 1 – Fig. S1d HFD/beta-catenin all lanes – Fig. S4c NCD/beta-catenin lane 1 and 3. Additionally, the beta-catenin subpanel in Fig. 5f was subsequently reused in another study [1] and described as showing GRP87. Te Authors …


Path To Publication: A Peer Mentorship Model For Student-Lead Surgical Research, Usama Waqar, Hareem Rauf, Muskaan Abdul Qadir, Hina Inam 2022 Aga Khan University

Path To Publication: A Peer Mentorship Model For Student-Lead Surgical Research, Usama Waqar, Hareem Rauf, Muskaan Abdul Qadir, Hina Inam

Medical College Documents

Early and sustained involvement in research is imperative for medical students to ensure better career prospects in addition to provision of high-quality, evidence-based care to patients. However, involvement of students in surgical research still remains limited, owing to inadequate research training. The current paper was planned to describe the structure of the "Path to Publication" series, incorporating peer mentorship with capacity-building research workshops for medical students. A total of 25 students were grouped into 8 surgical subspecialty groups to conduct research, supervised by experienced student research and faculty mentors. In addition, a series of research workshops were organized in synchronization …


Crossroads Of Drug Abuse And Hiv Infection: Neurotoxicity And Cns Reservoir, Shilpa Sonti, Kratika Tyagi, Amit Pande, René Daniel, Adhikarimayum Lakhikumar Sharma, Mudit Tyagi 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Crossroads Of Drug Abuse And Hiv Infection: Neurotoxicity And Cns Reservoir, Shilpa Sonti, Kratika Tyagi, Amit Pande, René Daniel, Adhikarimayum Lakhikumar Sharma, Mudit Tyagi

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

Drug abuse is a common comorbidity in people infected with HIV. HIV-infected individuals who abuse drugs are a key population who frequently experience suboptimal outcomes along the HIV continuum of care. A modest proportion of HIV-infected individuals develop HIV-associated neurocognitive issues, the severity of which further increases with drug abuse. Moreover, the tendency of the virus to go into latency in certain cellular reservoirs again complicates the elimination of HIV and HIV-associated illnesses. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) successfully decreased the overall viral load in infected people, yet it does not effectively eliminate the virus from all latent reservoirs. Although ART increased …


Monitoring And Evaluation Of Patient Engagement In Health Product Research And Development: Co-Creating A Framework For Community Advisory Boards, Sevgi E. Fruytier, Lidewij Eva Vat, Rob Camp, François Houÿez, Hilde De Keyser, Denise Dunne, Davide Marchi, Laura McKeaveney, Richard H. Pitt, Carina A.C.M. Pittens, Meagan F. Vaughn, Elena Zhuravleva, Tjerk Jan Schuitmaker-Warnaar 2022 Athena Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

Monitoring And Evaluation Of Patient Engagement In Health Product Research And Development: Co-Creating A Framework For Community Advisory Boards, Sevgi E. Fruytier, Lidewij Eva Vat, Rob Camp, François Houÿez, Hilde De Keyser, Denise Dunne, Davide Marchi, Laura Mckeaveney, Richard H. Pitt, Carina A.C.M. Pittens, Meagan F. Vaughn, Elena Zhuravleva, Tjerk Jan Schuitmaker-Warnaar

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: While patient engagement is becoming more customary in developing health products, its monitoring and evaluation to understand processes and enhance impact are challenging. This article describes a patient engagement monitoring and evaluation (PEME) framework, co-created and tailored to the context of community advisory boards (CABs) for rare diseases in Europe. It can be used to stimulate learning and evaluate impacts of engagement activities.

Methods: A participatory approach was used in which data collection and analysis were iterative. The process was based on the principles of interactive learning and action and guided by the PEME framework. Data were collected via …


Impact Of Pooling Samples On Analytic Sensitivity Of A Real-Time Reverse Transcriptase Pcr Assay For Sars Cov-2, Subathra Marimuthu, Stephen P. Furmanek, Holly Aliesky, Leslie A. Wolf 2022 University of Louisville

Impact Of Pooling Samples On Analytic Sensitivity Of A Real-Time Reverse Transcriptase Pcr Assay For Sars Cov-2, Subathra Marimuthu, Stephen P. Furmanek, Holly Aliesky, Leslie A. Wolf

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

During the COVID-19 pandemic, laboratories experienced periods of shortages for certain critical materials required to meet the high demand for SARS-CoV-2 testing. The U.S. Food & Drug Administration provided a template for molecular diagnostic testing, including guidance for a specimen pooling process in order to evaluate performance of the SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid amplification assay. This study aimed to evaluate the testing of pooled specimens consisting of four nasopharyngeal swab specimens using the Luminex ARIES® nucleic acid amplification platform. Results indicated that there was a loss of analytic sensitivity with pooled nasopharyngeal swab samples, demonstrating that this approach should be …


Regulation Of Skeletal Muscle Plasticity By The Gut Microbiome, Taylor R. Valentino 2022 University of Kentucky

Regulation Of Skeletal Muscle Plasticity By The Gut Microbiome, Taylor R. Valentino

Theses and Dissertations--Physiology

Recent evidence suggests that the gut microbiome could play a role in skeletal muscle plasticity, providing novel treatments for muscle wasting diseases and/or performance enhancements. I first sought to determine if the gut microbiome is necessary for skeletal muscle adaptation to exercise. Forty-two, four-month old, female C57Bl/6J underwent nine weeks of weighted wheel running or remained in cage with a locked wheel, without or without the administration of antibiotics (treated). In response to wheel running, I found that antibiotic depletion of the microbiome led to a blunted hypertrophic response in the soleus muscle as measured by normalized muscle wet weight …


The Three-Way Interplay Among Early Life Exposures, The Gut Microbiome, And Outcomes In Infancy, Yuka Moroishi 2022 Dartmouth College

The Three-Way Interplay Among Early Life Exposures, The Gut Microbiome, And Outcomes In Infancy, Yuka Moroishi

Dartmouth College Ph.D Dissertations

The bidirectional relationship between the gut microbiome and immune system plays an important role in host immune status: the immune system provides the gut microbiome the optimal environment to thrive in, and the gut microbiome helps regulate the immune system. This relationship is especially important in infants, whose immune system is still premature and rely on innate immunity.

We investigated the three-way interplay among early-life exposures, the developing gut microbiome, and outcomes in infancy from the general population in New Hampshire, US. We used prospective cohort data from the New Hampshire Birth Cohort study to 1) determine whether timing of …


3d Bioprinting And Implantation Of Mouse Mammary Epithelial Structures Using A Custom Accessible 3d Bioprinting Platform, Xavier-Lewis Palmer, Saad Jafri, Patrick C. Sachs, Robert D. Bruno 2022 Old Dominion University

3d Bioprinting And Implantation Of Mouse Mammary Epithelial Structures Using A Custom Accessible 3d Bioprinting Platform, Xavier-Lewis Palmer, Saad Jafri, Patrick C. Sachs, Robert D. Bruno

College of Engineering & Technology (Batten) Posters

Prior work has shown that our bioprinting system can reliably produce human mammary organoids and tumoroids with high precision. However, this was not previously applied to mouse models, which are also important with respect to translational research in cancer drug development. To address this, we have produced protocols for the development of in vitro structures from murine mammary epithelial and tumor cells. Additionally, we assessed the translatability of both human and murine bioprinted organoids into mouse mammary fat pads over a period of 6 weeks. Our lab found that our produced organoids are reliable, they can survive in vivo, and …


3d Bioprinted Structures From Cells Of Non-Epithelial Mesodermal And Endodermal Lineage Using A Custom Accessible 3d Bioprinting Platform, Xavier-Lewis Palmer, Annette Berkin, Patrick C. Sachs, Robert D. Bruno 2022 Old Dominion University

3d Bioprinted Structures From Cells Of Non-Epithelial Mesodermal And Endodermal Lineage Using A Custom Accessible 3d Bioprinting Platform, Xavier-Lewis Palmer, Annette Berkin, Patrick C. Sachs, Robert D. Bruno

College of Engineering & Technology (Batten) Posters

Prior work within our lab has demonstrated the ability to print both murine and human mammary organoids and tumoroids in vitro that can also be reliably transplanted into a murine host for translational studies. Peripherally, this bioprinting system has also been used for 3D printing neurons, stem cells, cancer cells, and a primary cell line rich with fibroblasts, but each of these efforts were with cells of ectodermal lineage. Thus, the system's capacity for use on cells of other origins had been untested. To address this, we have now developed protocols for cells of endodermal and non-epithelial mesodermal/mesenchymal lineage. In …


Vaping During Pregnancy: Effects On Vascular And Behavioral Outcomes In Offspring, Eiman A. Aboaziza 2022 West Virginia University

Vaping During Pregnancy: Effects On Vascular And Behavioral Outcomes In Offspring, Eiman A. Aboaziza

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Electronic cigarette (e-cig) use is increasing due to aggressive marketing, tempting flavors, and seemingly higher acceptability in the community (lesser perceived social stigma) despite unproven claims of safety. In an alarming trend, pregnant women smokers have turned to novel “modified risk” products, such as e-cigs, in response to heavy marketing of e-cigs as safer alternatives to cigarettes and a tool to help quit smoking. This is despite proven detrimental effects of nicotine on a growing fetus, and scarcity of information regarding toxicity of e-liquid (with and without nicotine) on child development. Moreover, rampant e-cig use among youth (nearly 4 million …


Consultation/Liaison Psychiatry During Covid-19, Robert Frierson, Steven B Lippmann 2021 University of Louisville

Consultation/Liaison Psychiatry During Covid-19, Robert Frierson, Steven B Lippmann

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Consultation/liaison psychiatrists care for people with co-existing medical and psychologic difficulties. The coronavirus pandemic is stressful for patients and their psychiatric caregivers. Patients have lost support systems and harbor fears about exposing family to the virus. COVID-19 sometimes exacerbates previous psychiatric conditions, while diminishing intimacy with physicians. Everyone is oversaturated with COVID-19-related news focusing on rising concerns about the illness and about jobs, school, and housing insecurities.

The psychiatrist maintains a hospital presence despite fear of contracting the disease. Challenges include addressing staff morale, evidencing empathy despite telecommunication devices, and treating anxiety, depression, sleep phobias, post intubation flashbacks, COVID-19-induced cognitive …


Barriers And Facilitators To Implementing Simulation-Based Translational Research: A Qualitative Study, Lisa Ann Paganotti 2021 George Washington University

Barriers And Facilitators To Implementing Simulation-Based Translational Research: A Qualitative Study, Lisa Ann Paganotti

Doctor of Philosophy in Translational Health Sciences Dissertations

Translational simulation research has the potential to inform the way simulation is used to impact patient care and patient outcomes. Understanding how to approach translational simulation and the barriers and facilitators that can be used throughout the process can inform novice simulation and translational researchers. This qualitative dissertation sought to answer the following research questions: How do simulation experts describe the barriers and facilitators to implementing translational simulation programs? How do simulation experts describe their various approaches to implementing translational simulation programs? What recommendations do simulation experts describe for overcoming barriers to implementing translational simulation programs? The key findings include …


Micro-Computed Tomographic Analysis Of The Shaping Ability Of Xp-Endo Shaper In Oval-Shaped Distal Root Canals Of Mandibular Molars, Ane Poly, Wei-Ju Louis Tseng, Fernando Marques, Frank Carsten Setzer, Bekir Karabucak 2021 Rio de Janeiro State University

Micro-Computed Tomographic Analysis Of The Shaping Ability Of Xp-Endo Shaper In Oval-Shaped Distal Root Canals Of Mandibular Molars, Ane Poly, Wei-Ju Louis Tseng, Fernando Marques, Frank Carsten Setzer, Bekir Karabucak

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

Objective: To compare the shaping ability of the XP-endo Shaper (XPS) system to the ProTaper Next (PTN) system in oval-shaped distal root canals.

Methods: From 12 mandibular molars, distal roots with moderately curved single oval canals were randomly assorted to be instrumented with XPS (experimental group) or PTN (control group) and then scanned using micro-computed tomography [Scan 1]. The root canals of the XPS samples were prepared following the manufacturer's instructions using 15 insertions (XPS15) and rescanned [Scan 2]. An additional 10 insertions to the working length were applied, totalling 25 insertions (XPS25), and the roots were rescanned again [Scan …


Ogr1-Dependent Regulation Of The Allergen-Induced Asthma Phenotype, Ajay P Nayak, Deepak A. Deshpande, PhD, Sushrut D. Shah, Dominic R Villalba, Roslyn Yi, Nadan Wang, Raymond B. Penn 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Ogr1-Dependent Regulation Of The Allergen-Induced Asthma Phenotype, Ajay P Nayak, Deepak A. Deshpande, Phd, Sushrut D. Shah, Dominic R Villalba, Roslyn Yi, Nadan Wang, Raymond B. Penn

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Papers

The proton-sensing receptor, ovarian cancer G protein-coupled receptor (OGR1), has been shown to be expressed in airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells and is capable of promoting ASM contraction in response to decreased extracellular pH. OGR1 knockout (OGR1KO) mice are reported to be resistant to the asthma features induced by inhaled allergen. We recently described certain benzodiazepines as OGR1 activators capable of mediating both procontractile and prorelaxant signaling in ASM cells. Here we assess the effect of treatment with the benzodiazepines lorazepam or sulazepam on the asthma phenotype in wild-type (WT) and OGR1KO mice subjected to inhaled house dust mite (HDM; …


Activation Of Crtc2/Creb1 In Skeletal Muscle Enhances Weight Loss During Intermittent Fasting, Nelson E Bruno, Jerome C Nwachukwu, David C Hughes, Sathish Srinivasan, Richard Hawkins, David Sturgill, Gordon L Hager, Stephen Hurst, Shey-Shing Sheu, Sue C Bodine, Michael D Conkright, Kendall W Nettles 2021 The Scripps Research Institute

Activation Of Crtc2/Creb1 In Skeletal Muscle Enhances Weight Loss During Intermittent Fasting, Nelson E Bruno, Jerome C Nwachukwu, David C Hughes, Sathish Srinivasan, Richard Hawkins, David Sturgill, Gordon L Hager, Stephen Hurst, Shey-Shing Sheu, Sue C Bodine, Michael D Conkright, Kendall W Nettles

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

The Creb-Regulated Transcriptional Coactivator (Crtc) family of transcriptional coregulators drive Creb1-mediated transcription effects on metabolism in many tissues, but the in vivo effects of Crtc2/Creb1 transcription on skeletal muscle metabolism are not known. Skeletal muscle-specific overexpression of Crtc2 (Crtc2 mice) induced greater mitochondrial activity, metabolic flux capacity for both carbohydrates and fats, improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity, and increased oxidative capacity, supported by upregulation of key metabolic genes. Crtc2 overexpression led to greater weight loss during alternate day fasting (ADF), selective loss of fat rather than lean mass, maintenance of higher energy expenditure during the fast and reduced binge-eating …


Adult Spiny Mice (Acomys) Exhibit Endogenous Cardiac Recovery In Response To Myocardial Infarction, Hsuan Peng, Kazuhiro Shindo, Renée R. Donahue, Erhe Gao, Brooke M. Ahern, Bryana M. Levitan, Himi Tripathi, David Powell, Ahmed Noor, Garrett A. Elmore, Jonathan Satin, Ashley W. Seifert, Ahmed K. Abdel-Latif 2021 University of Kentucky

Adult Spiny Mice (Acomys) Exhibit Endogenous Cardiac Recovery In Response To Myocardial Infarction, Hsuan Peng, Kazuhiro Shindo, Renée R. Donahue, Erhe Gao, Brooke M. Ahern, Bryana M. Levitan, Himi Tripathi, David Powell, Ahmed Noor, Garrett A. Elmore, Jonathan Satin, Ashley W. Seifert, Ahmed K. Abdel-Latif

Physiology Faculty Publications

Complex tissue regeneration is extremely rare among adult mammals. An exception, however, is the superior tissue healing of multiple organs in spiny mice (Acomys). While Acomys species exhibit the remarkable ability to heal complex tissue with minimal scarring, little is known about their cardiac structure and response to cardiac injury. In this study, we first examined baseline Acomys cardiac anatomy and function in comparison with commonly used inbred and outbred laboratory Mus strains (C57BL6 and CFW). While our results demonstrated comparable cardiac anatomy and function between Acomys and Mus, Acomys exhibited a higher percentage of cardiomyocytes displaying …


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