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Biomedical Informatics Commons

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Development, Validation, And Diagnostic Performance Of A Novel Radiomic Model For Predicting Prostate Cancer Recurrence, Linda M. Huynh 2024 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Development, Validation, And Diagnostic Performance Of A Novel Radiomic Model For Predicting Prostate Cancer Recurrence, Linda M. Huynh

Theses & Dissertations

Multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (MP-MRI)-derived radiomics have been shown to capture sub-visual patterns for the quantitative characterization of prostate cancer (PC) phenotypes. The present dissertation seeks to develop, evaluate, and compare the performance of an MRI-derived radiomic model for the prediction of PC recurrence following definitive treatment with radical prostatectomy (RP).

MP-MRI was obtained from 339 patients who had a minimum of 2 years follow-up following RP at three institutions. The prostate was manually delineated as the region of interest and 924 radiomic features were extracted. All features were evaluated for stability via intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and image normalization …


Annotation Of Hypothetical Genes In Lactococcus Lactis Ssp. Il403, Jennifer A. Tangires 2024 University of Lynchburg

Annotation Of Hypothetical Genes In Lactococcus Lactis Ssp. Il403, Jennifer A. Tangires

Student Scholar Showcase

The human gastrointestinal tract (GIT) harnesses various microbial organisms involved in almost all processes of physiological homeostasis, among these are lactic acid bacteria (LAB). These bacteria, almost all of which belong to the order Lactobacillales, are able to produce lactic acid, and play an important role in food preservation because they produce bacteriocins. Bacteriocins are antimicrobial proteins that are used to fight off related bacteria in their environment that are competing for the same resources. This study focuses on a specific LAB strain, Lactococcus lactis ssp. IL1403 where 21.9% of its predicted genes have not yet been assigned a function. …


Hgs-3 The Influence Of A Tandem Cycling Program In The Community On Physical And Functional Health, Therapeutic Bonds, And Quality Of Life For Individuals And Care Partners Coping With Parkinson’S Disease, Leila Djerdjour, Jennifer L. Trilk 2024 university of south carolina school of medicine greenville

Hgs-3 The Influence Of A Tandem Cycling Program In The Community On Physical And Functional Health, Therapeutic Bonds, And Quality Of Life For Individuals And Care Partners Coping With Parkinson’S Disease, Leila Djerdjour, Jennifer L. Trilk

SC Upstate Research Symposium

Purpose Statement: Several studies have shown that aerobic exercise can have a positive impact on alleviating symptoms experienced by individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). Despite this evidence, the potential benefits of exercise for both PD patients and their care partners (PD dyad) remain unexplored. This research project investigates the effectiveness, therapeutic collaborations, and physical outcomes of a virtual reality (VR) tandem cycling program specifically designed for PD dyads.

Methods: Following approval from the Prisma Health Institutional Review Board, individuals with PD were identified and screened by clinical neurologists. The pre-testing measures for PD dyads (N=9) included emotional and cognitive status …


"The Relevant History And Medical And Ethical Future Viability Of Xenotransplantation", Morgan Janes 2024 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

"The Relevant History And Medical And Ethical Future Viability Of Xenotransplantation", Morgan Janes

Augustana Center for the Study of Ethics Essay Contest

Xenotransplantation, the transplantation of organs or tissues from one species to another, presents a complex nexus of medical, ethical, and cultural considerations. In this article, we delve into the multifaceted landscape of xenotransplantation, beginning with a thorough examination of its relevant historical trajectory. From early experiments to recent advancements, we chart the evolution of this field, setting the stage for a nuanced discussion. We then confront the central issue: the true medical viability of xenotransplantation and the looming specter of operative risk. By scrutinizing the ethical dilemmas inherent in xenotransplantation through a multicultural lens, we illuminate the diverse perspectives that …


Patient Perspectives On The Use Of Artificial Intelligence In Health Care: A Scoping Review, Sally Moy, Mona Irannejad, Stephanie Jeanneret Manning, Mehrdad Farahani, Yomna Ahmed, Ellis Gao, Radhika Prabhune, Suzan Lorenz, Raza Mirza, Christopher Klinger 2024 University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

Patient Perspectives On The Use Of Artificial Intelligence In Health Care: A Scoping Review, Sally Moy, Mona Irannejad, Stephanie Jeanneret Manning, Mehrdad Farahani, Yomna Ahmed, Ellis Gao, Radhika Prabhune, Suzan Lorenz, Raza Mirza, Christopher Klinger

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose

Artificial intelligence (AI) technology is being rapidly adopted into many different branches of medicine. Although research has started to highlight the impact of AI on health care, the focus on patient perspectives of AI is scarce. This scoping review aimed to explore the literature on adult patients’ perspectives on the use of an array of AI technologies in the health care setting for design and deployment.

Methods

This scoping review followed Arksey and O'Malley’s framework and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR). To evaluate patient perspectives, we conducted a comprehensive literature search using …


The Design Of A Quality Improvement Dashboard For Monitoring Spinal Cord And Column Injuries, Zahra Azadmanjir, Mohsen Sadeghi-Naini, Mohammad Dashtkoohi, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Jalil Arabkheradmand, James Harrop, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

The Design Of A Quality Improvement Dashboard For Monitoring Spinal Cord And Column Injuries, Zahra Azadmanjir, Mohsen Sadeghi-Naini, Mohammad Dashtkoohi, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Jalil Arabkheradmand, James Harrop, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

Background: Interactive dashboards are a powerful tool for dynamic visualization and monitoring of patient performance and serve as a useful to for optimal decision-making. The National Spinal Column and Cord Injury Registry of Iran (NSCIR-IR) was designed to efficiently display and broadcast important patient care data. This has been achieved through an electronic dashboard display (graph and visual displays), rather than traditional static paper reports (text). Objectives: The objective of this study was to design and develop an electronic visual dashboard as a display system to monitor the quality of care in the NSCIR-IR collaborating centers. Methods: The indicators chosen …


Analyzing The Influence Of Design And Operating Conditions On Combustion And Emissions In Premixed Turbulent Flames: A Comprehensive Review, Medhat Elkelawy Prof. Dr. Eng., E. A. El Shenawy Prof. Dr., Hagar Alm-Eldin Bastawissi, Ibrahim Ali Mousa Eng., Mohamed M. Abdel-Raouf Ibrahim Dr. Eng. 2024 Mechanical Power Engineering Departments, Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt

Analyzing The Influence Of Design And Operating Conditions On Combustion And Emissions In Premixed Turbulent Flames: A Comprehensive Review, Medhat Elkelawy Prof. Dr. Eng., E. A. El Shenawy Prof. Dr., Hagar Alm-Eldin Bastawissi, Ibrahim Ali Mousa Eng., Mohamed M. Abdel-Raouf Ibrahim Dr. Eng.

Journal of Engineering Research

Recently, premixed combustion has dominated the field of combustion research worldwide. The current work is a review that addresses the effects of design and operating regimes on the combustion and emission characteristics of premixed turbulent flames. The study accounts for recent developments aimed at overcoming combustor operability issues that influence emissions and flame stability. Various experimental setups have been utilized in investigations, with results pertaining to performance and emissions concerning premixed turbulent flames. Thus, the objective of this paper is to provide a comprehensive review of the effects of swirl vane angles and equivalence fuel-air ratios for tests conducted both …


Building For Safety: Design Considerations For Refuge Areas In Tall Buildings From Quality Management Perspective, Enass. A. Salama, Heba. M. Gaber, Ahmed. M. Selim 2024 Modern University for Technology and Information

Building For Safety: Design Considerations For Refuge Areas In Tall Buildings From Quality Management Perspective, Enass. A. Salama, Heba. M. Gaber, Ahmed. M. Selim

Journal of Engineering Research

New El Alamein City is one of the largest urban projects in Egypt, and the largest project on the north coast. Tall buildings (super high-rise buildings) are considered the prevailing trend by architectural designers to obtain the maximum view of the Mediterranean Sea. The provision of safety evacuation in emergencies for these buildings’ occupants is a crucial challenge from the Quality management point of view. In contrast, there are no sufficient architectural design guidelines for the tall buildings provided by the Egyptian code for protecting buildings from fire, especially the design of the refuge areas. This study aims to investigate …


Effect Of Organic Compounds Additives For Biodiesel Fuel Blends On Diesel Engine Vibrations And Noise Characteristics, Medhat Elkelawy Prof. Dr, Eng., Hagar Alm-Eldin Bastawissi Prof. Dr. Eng., E. A. El Shenawy Prof. Dr., Mahmoud Soliman Eng. 2024 Mechanical Power Engineering Departments, Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt

Effect Of Organic Compounds Additives For Biodiesel Fuel Blends On Diesel Engine Vibrations And Noise Characteristics, Medhat Elkelawy Prof. Dr, Eng., Hagar Alm-Eldin Bastawissi Prof. Dr. Eng., E. A. El Shenawy Prof. Dr., Mahmoud Soliman Eng.

Journal of Engineering Research

The extensive consumption of petroleum fuel directly correlates with both hazardous exhaust emissions affecting human health and contributing to global warming. Initially, biodiesel fuels were proposed as a viable alternative to address these issues. This perspective finds support in numerous published studies that highlight how the significant catalytic effect of nanoparticles allows for their integration into biodiesel blends, resulting in improved combustion characteristics, reduced exhaust emissions, and enhanced performance. This study investigates the impact of additives on biodiesel fuel properties and its effects on engine performance metrics such as brake power, brake thermal efficiency, exhaust gas concentration, engine vibration, and …


Investigation Into The Impact Of Ammonia Hydroxide On Performance And Emissions In Compression Ignition Engines Utilizing Diesel/Biodiesel Blends, Medhat Elkelawy Prof. Dr, Eng., Hagar Alm-Eldin Bastawissi, Mohammed Osama Elsamadony Dr. Eng., Abdallah Salem Abdalhadi 2024 Mechanical Power Engineering Departments, Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt

Investigation Into The Impact Of Ammonia Hydroxide On Performance And Emissions In Compression Ignition Engines Utilizing Diesel/Biodiesel Blends, Medhat Elkelawy Prof. Dr, Eng., Hagar Alm-Eldin Bastawissi, Mohammed Osama Elsamadony Dr. Eng., Abdallah Salem Abdalhadi

Journal of Engineering Research

In recent times, there has been a surge in scientific endeavors aimed at combating global warming. Various methods have been employed to address this issue, including the substitution of fossil fuels with more environmentally sustainable alternatives and the combination of different fuel types. This can be achieved through the integration of innovative injection systems and the simultaneous combustion of alternative fuels alongside fossil fuels, or by modifying fuel injection systems such as in the PCCI, RCCI, or HCCI systems. In a particular research investigation, a blend of ammonia hydroxide and diesel, with volume percentages of 7.5% and 92.5% respectively, was …


Enhancing Diesel Engine Performance By Directly Injecting Blends Of Ammonium Hydroxide And Including Liquid Petroleum Gas As A Partially Premixed Charge, Medhat Elkelawy Prof. Dr, Eng., Hagar Alm-Eldin Bastawissi, Mohammed Osama Elsamadony Dr. Eng., Abdallah Salem Abdalhadi 2024 Mechanical Power Engineering Departments, Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt

Enhancing Diesel Engine Performance By Directly Injecting Blends Of Ammonium Hydroxide And Including Liquid Petroleum Gas As A Partially Premixed Charge, Medhat Elkelawy Prof. Dr, Eng., Hagar Alm-Eldin Bastawissi, Mohammed Osama Elsamadony Dr. Eng., Abdallah Salem Abdalhadi

Journal of Engineering Research

Recently, scientists have made significant strides in addressing or mitigating environmental issues. Researchers have adopted various approaches to tackle these issues, such as replacing fossil fuels with more environmentally friendly alternatives or blending multiple fuel types. This can be achieved by either integrating these two trends through the use of new injection systems and simultaneous combustion of alternative fuels with fossil fuels or by modifying fuel injection systems, exemplified by the PCCI, RCCI, or HCCI systems. Consequently, these methods have proven effective in reducing environmental pollutants, enhancing thermal efficiency, and decreasing specific fuel consumption. In this study, ammonia hydroxide and …


Experimental Investigation On Combustion And Emission Characteristics Of Co-Combustion Of Pulverized Biomass With Diesel Fuel In An Industrial Burner, Medhat Elkelawy Prof. Dr, Eng., Hagar Alm-Eldin Bastawissi, Ahmed Abou El-Yazied Prof. Dr., Saad El-malla Dr. Eng. 2024 Mechanical Power Engineering Departments, Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt

Experimental Investigation On Combustion And Emission Characteristics Of Co-Combustion Of Pulverized Biomass With Diesel Fuel In An Industrial Burner, Medhat Elkelawy Prof. Dr, Eng., Hagar Alm-Eldin Bastawissi, Ahmed Abou El-Yazied Prof. Dr., Saad El-Malla Dr. Eng.

Journal of Engineering Research

This study presents the combustion and emission results obtained from a laboratory furnace equipped with a 35 kW industrial burner that utilizes co-combustion of pulverized biomass and diesel fuel. The experiment compared the co-combustion of pulverized biomass and diesel fuel with diesel fuel alone. Three different loading ratios of pulverized biomass from residual beet samples were used. Temperatures were measured at various positions inside the furnace to analyze combustion performance. It was observed that increasing the biomass loading ratios led to higher flame temperatures and improved combustion compared to diesel fuel alone. The concentrations of pollutants such as Co, HC, …


Cfd Study On Two-Phase Flow Patterns In A Pipe With 90º Elbow In Different Operating Conditions, Hagar Alm-Eldin Bastawissi, Mohammed Ahmed Khafagy, E. A. El Shenawy Prof. Dr., Ahmed M. Salem Dr 2024 Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University

Cfd Study On Two-Phase Flow Patterns In A Pipe With 90º Elbow In Different Operating Conditions, Hagar Alm-Eldin Bastawissi, Mohammed Ahmed Khafagy, E. A. El Shenawy Prof. Dr., Ahmed M. Salem Dr

Journal of Engineering Research

Recently, CFD has offered a technological solution for modelling multi-phase flow in which we can make endless simulations with reduced expenses and effort in high accuracy results; we shall also mention that experimental studies have limitations for safety considerations when experimenting with flow in high temperature or pressure values or medium nature as in nuclear or chemical flows.In this paper, we used the ANSYS FLUENT CFD program to simulate the two-phase flow in a pipe to study the effect of attaching a 90-degree elbow fitting to the piping system, seeking to find out the change in the pattern and resulting …


تقنيات الاضاءة الصناعية وتأثيرها فى الفراغ السكنى على السلوك الانسانى, Samah Kamal Elfeky, Walaa Ahmad Nour, Lobna Abdelfatah Agha 2024 Association of Arab Universities

تقنيات الاضاءة الصناعية وتأثيرها فى الفراغ السكنى على السلوك الانسانى, Samah Kamal Elfeky, Walaa Ahmad Nour, Lobna Abdelfatah Agha

Journal of Engineering Research

* Lighting is considered of main items in daily life begining from natural Lighting to industrial lighting. with all of it's different shapes . it is considerdone of the most important data that point Blank spaces and works to show architectural spaces, aesthetic values through being sharp and weak, ensure borders show texture or hide Features, suggest wideness, narrowness of space as the most beautiful design don't see beautiful without good lighting which designed carefully.Due to diversity of human activities, architictums spaces and it is wideness. Increased dependence on industrial Lighting to strengthen Job of performance, beauty of internal, external …


Optimization Of Gait Analysis System For Clinical Applications, Gerardo Medellin, Katherine S. Bolado, Daniel Salinas, Kelsey Potter-Baker 2024 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Optimization Of Gait Analysis System For Clinical Applications, Gerardo Medellin, Katherine S. Bolado, Daniel Salinas, Kelsey Potter-Baker

Research Symposium

Background: Adequate gait function is pivotal for many activities of daily living and high quality of life. Following many neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson’s Disease, gait abnormalities can manifest and range from reduced stride length, inability to turn, foot drop or shuffling. To track and monitor such changes in gait, gait analysis techniques are gaining clinical popularity and have the ability to gather a range of data in a short duration. Gait analysis techniques go beyond simple visual observation and include instrumental gait analysis and weight distribution of the gait cycle. Here, we sought to optimize the gait analysis …


Sepsis Treatment: Reinforced Sequential Decision-Making For Saving Lives, Dipesh Tamboli, Jiayu Chen, Kiran Pranesh Jotheeswaran, Denny Yu, Vaneet Aggarwal 2024 Purdue University

Sepsis Treatment: Reinforced Sequential Decision-Making For Saving Lives, Dipesh Tamboli, Jiayu Chen, Kiran Pranesh Jotheeswaran, Denny Yu, Vaneet Aggarwal

Graduate Industrial Research Symposium

Sepsis, a life-threatening condition triggered by the body's exaggerated response to infection, demands urgent intervention to prevent severe complications. Existing machine learning methods for managing sepsis struggle in offline scenarios, exhibiting suboptimal performance with survival rates below 50%. Our project introduces the "PosNegDM: Reinforcement Learning with Positive and Negative Demonstrations for Sequential Decision-Making" framework utilizing an innovative transformer-based model and a feedback reinforcer to replicate expert actions while considering individual patient characteristics. A mortality classifier with 96.7% accuracy guides treatment decisions towards positive outcomes. The PosNegDM framework significantly improves patient survival, saving 97.39% of patients and outperforming established machine learning …


Impostor Phenomenon, Mental Health Status And Coping Strategies Among Medical Students In Southern Thailand, Napakhawarat Buathong 2024 Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University

Impostor Phenomenon, Mental Health Status And Coping Strategies Among Medical Students In Southern Thailand, Napakhawarat Buathong

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Impostor phenomenon is an internal experience in successful individuals who realize that their achievements are unintended, although their successes can be proven by objective evidence. The study of impostor phenomenon among medical students remains largely unexplored in Thailand, especially during the transitional period from traditional medical training to online training due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of impostor phenomenon, mental health and the coping strategies as well as to examine the factors related to impostor phenomenon among Thai medical students.

Methods: Two hundred and seventy-two subjects completed online questionnaires enquiring about sociodemographic characteristics and perception …


Caffeine Addiction And Mental Health Of Employees In An Organization In Bangkok, Rasmon Kalayasiri 2024 Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

Caffeine Addiction And Mental Health Of Employees In An Organization In Bangkok, Rasmon Kalayasiri

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Heavy caffeine consumption is the cause of caffeine addiction that might affect sleep quality and mental health. However, people, especially employees in various companies, may want to gain daily energy for efficient work and productivity by drinking high number of caffeinated beverages such as coffee.

Objectives: To explore coffee consumption, mental health, sleep quality, and factors related to caffeine addiction among employees.

Methods: A total of 321 employees at a company in Bangkok were asked about their demographics, coffee consumption and caffeine addiction by using newly developed instruments, namely Caffeine Addiction Questionnaire. Depression and sleep quality were assessed by …


A Quantitative Enhancement Characterization Of Hyperfunctioning Parathyroid Lesions On Four-Dimensional Ct Scans, Netsiri Dumrongpisutikul 2024 Chulalongkorn University

A Quantitative Enhancement Characterization Of Hyperfunctioning Parathyroid Lesions On Four-Dimensional Ct Scans, Netsiri Dumrongpisutikul

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Approximately 20.0% of hyperfunctioning parathyroid lesions do not exhibit typical enhancement characteristics on Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT). The two main mimics of hyperfunctioning parathyroid lesions are thyroid tissue and lymph nodes.

Objective: The study aimed to characterize enhancement patterns of hyperfunctioning parathyroid lesions on four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) and to differentiate hyperfunctioning parathyroid lesions from thyroid gland and lymph node.

Methods: This retrospective study included analysis of 47 hyperfunctioning parathyroid lesions either pathologically proven or uptake on Tc99m-sestamibi SPECT-CT. The attenuation of hyperfunctioning parathyroid lesions, thyroid glands, lymph nodes and muscles at non-contrast, arterial phase and delayed phase were …


Assessing Gait Metrics For Early Parkinson's Disease Prediction: A Preliminary Analysis Of Underfit Models, Daniel Salinas, Gerardo Medellin, Katherine Bolado, Tomas Gomez, Kelsey Potter-Baker, Nawaz Khan Abdul Hack, Ramu Vadukapuram 2024 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Assessing Gait Metrics For Early Parkinson's Disease Prediction: A Preliminary Analysis Of Underfit Models, Daniel Salinas, Gerardo Medellin, Katherine Bolado, Tomas Gomez, Kelsey Potter-Baker, Nawaz Khan Abdul Hack, Ramu Vadukapuram

Research Symposium

Background: Parkinson's Disease (PD) is characterized by both motor and non-motor symptoms, and its diagnosis primarily relies on clinical presentation. There is a growing need for diagnostic tools to identify the early signs of PD, particularly the initial motor impairments often manifested as gait abnormalities. Here we seek to present preliminary findings to address this need. Our study focuses on using Machine Learning techniques (ML) to predict the PD clinical stage most efficiently and accurately. Specifically, we have sought to evaluate how spatiotemporal characteristics and other locomotor performance variables obtained on a walkway system can be utilized to identify the …


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