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Facilitating Aging In Place And Community By Empowering Participation In Society: A Mixed Methods Study On The Co-Development Of A Theory Of Change With Suburban-Dwelling Older Adults, Emily Balog 2021 George Washington University

Facilitating Aging In Place And Community By Empowering Participation In Society: A Mixed Methods Study On The Co-Development Of A Theory Of Change With Suburban-Dwelling Older Adults, Emily Balog

Doctor of Philosophy in Translational Health Sciences Dissertations

Background: Baby boomers are steadily aging in America and represent an increased population in nearly every sector. In suburban communities today, older adults make up 51% of the population. Ninety-five percent of all older adults live in community settings and have expressed a desire to avoid costly institutionalization and to remain in their homes and communities, also called aging in place. Older adults in moderate income suburban communities are increasingly at a higher risk for institutionalization should their health or finances decline as the access to their wealth is within the home in which they dwell. This process …


Student Research Mentorship Programme: A Novel Solution For Promoting Research In Medical School, Inaara Akbar, Russell S. Martins, Syeda Sadia Fatima 2021 Aga Khan University

Student Research Mentorship Programme: A Novel Solution For Promoting Research In Medical School, Inaara Akbar, Russell S. Martins, Syeda Sadia Fatima

Medical College Documents

No abstract provided.


Bridging The Knowledge-To-Action Gap: A Qualitative Description Of The Use Of Knowledge Translation In Entry-Level Doctor Of Occupational Therapy Capstones, Maria Martino 2021 George Washington University

Bridging The Knowledge-To-Action Gap: A Qualitative Description Of The Use Of Knowledge Translation In Entry-Level Doctor Of Occupational Therapy Capstones, Maria Martino

Doctor of Philosophy in Translational Health Sciences Dissertations

Although developments in the use of knowledge translation (KT) in occupational therapy practice and research are emerging, a gap in education remains. A recent revision of accrediting standards for doctor of occupational therapy (OTD) programs now specifies scholarly study that advances KT. However, little is understood of how this change in accreditation standards is being implemented, nor of its effect on OTD capstones. The purpose of this study was to describe how KT is reflected and can be promoted in entry-level OTD capstones. A descriptive qualitative design was used with semi-structured individual interviews of OTD faculty as well as content …


Why Should People Use Face Masks In The Time Of Covid? The Jri Position, Jose Bordon, Alex Glynn, Forest W. Arnold 2021 University of Louisville, Division of Infectious Diseases

Why Should People Use Face Masks In The Time Of Covid? The Jri Position, Jose Bordon, Alex Glynn, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


No Difference In Clinical Outcomes For African American And White Patients Hospitalized With Sars-Cov-2 Pneumonia In Louisville, Kentucky, Julio A. Ramirez, Stephen P. Furmanek, Thomas Chandler, Stephen S. Hanson, Dawn Balcom, Subathra Marimuthu, Sathya Krishnasamy, Jose Bordon, Rodrigo Cavallazzi, Amr Aboelnasr, Mahder A. Tella, William A. Mattingly, Ashley M. Wilde, Daisy Sangroula, Demetra Antimisiaris, Donghoon Chung, Guillermo Cabral, Gabino R Fernandez-Botran, Jiapeng Huang, Martin Gnoni, Ozan Akca, Paul Schulz, Phillip F. Bressoud, Priya Krishnan, Sally Suliman, William P. McKinney, Bryan Moffett, Leslie A Wolf, Mark Burns, Alex Glynn, Ruth Carrico, Forest W. Arnold 2021 University of Louisville, School of Medicine Infectious Diseases

No Difference In Clinical Outcomes For African American And White Patients Hospitalized With Sars-Cov-2 Pneumonia In Louisville, Kentucky, Julio A. Ramirez, Stephen P. Furmanek, Thomas Chandler, Stephen S. Hanson, Dawn Balcom, Subathra Marimuthu, Sathya Krishnasamy, Jose Bordon, Rodrigo Cavallazzi, Amr Aboelnasr, Mahder A. Tella, William A. Mattingly, Ashley M. Wilde, Daisy Sangroula, Demetra Antimisiaris, Donghoon Chung, Guillermo Cabral, Gabino R Fernandez-Botran, Jiapeng Huang, Martin Gnoni, Ozan Akca, Paul Schulz, Phillip F. Bressoud, Priya Krishnan, Sally Suliman, William P. Mckinney, Bryan Moffett, Leslie A Wolf, Mark Burns, Alex Glynn, Ruth Carrico, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Introduction: Current literature indicates that African American individuals are at increased risk of becoming infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus and suffer higher SARS-CoV-2-related mortality rates. However, there is a lack of consensus as to how the clinical outcomes of African American patients differ from those of other groups. The objective of this study was to define the clinical outcomes of African American and White hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV-2 community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in Louisville, Kentucky.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV-2 CAP at eight hospitals in Louisville, Kentucky. Severity of CAP at time of hospitalization …


Generating Cisplatin Resistant Hpv-Positive Hnscc Cell Lines, Temitope Akintola 2021 Western University

Generating Cisplatin Resistant Hpv-Positive Hnscc Cell Lines, Temitope Akintola

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Acquired or innate resistance to chemotherapy poses a significant challenge in the treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC). HNSCCs are often treated with a combination of surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, with cisplatin being a standard-of-care chemotherapy drug. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) associated HNSCCs have better treatment outcomes and prognosis when compared to HPV- HNSCCs. However, a subset (15-20%) of HPV+ patients develop treatment resistant diseases. The purpose of this study is to generate in-vitro models of cisplatin resistance in five HNSCC cell lines. We aim to characterize the generated cells in order to identify target genes that may …


Strongyloides Stercoralis Hyperinfection And Disseminated Tuberculosis, Hernan Terroba, Alejandra González, Diana Vera Gonzalez, Roxana Mariela Godoy, Analia Santos, Marisol Arrojo 2021 Posadas Hospital

Strongyloides Stercoralis Hyperinfection And Disseminated Tuberculosis, Hernan Terroba, Alejandra González, Diana Vera Gonzalez, Roxana Mariela Godoy, Analia Santos, Marisol Arrojo

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


The Increasing Role Of Pragmatic Clinical Trials And Real-World Data In Healthcare Research, Julio A. Ramirez, Ruth Carrico 2021 University of Louisville

The Increasing Role Of Pragmatic Clinical Trials And Real-World Data In Healthcare Research, Julio A. Ramirez, Ruth Carrico

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


A Moral Dilemma: The Use Of Zinc In Patients Hospitalized With Covid Pneumonia, Ebony M. Manigault, Laura Donohue, Elizabeth Moore, Yara Abuaita 2021 Wayne State University School of Medicine

A Moral Dilemma: The Use Of Zinc In Patients Hospitalized With Covid Pneumonia, Ebony M. Manigault, Laura Donohue, Elizabeth Moore, Yara Abuaita

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Yao JS, Paguio JA, Dee EC, Tan HC, Moulick A, Milazzo C, Jurado J, Della Penna N, Celi LA. The minimal effect of zinc on the survival of hospitalized patients with COVID-19: an observational study. Chest. 2021 Jan;159(1):108-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chest.2020.06.082

for a patient hospitalized with COVID pneumonia requiring high flow oxygen.


Improvement Cycles In Medical Education: From Quality Improvement To Patient Care And Clinical Research, Julio A. Ramirez 2021 University of Louisville

Improvement Cycles In Medical Education: From Quality Improvement To Patient Care And Clinical Research, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Modulation Of Glucose Homeostasis By Nucleotide P2y2 Receptor And Biological Sex, Hailee Anne Marino 2021 Missouri State University

Modulation Of Glucose Homeostasis By Nucleotide P2y2 Receptor And Biological Sex, Hailee Anne Marino

MSU Graduate Theses

Recent insights into the pathological role of Nucleotide P2Y2 receptor suggest P2Y2R involvement in high fat diet-induced obesity and potentiates insulin resistance. However, these recent insights do not demonstrate how P2Y2R modulates glucose homeostasis under physiological conditions. Further, it remains unknown how sex biological factors influence P2Y2R receptor signaling in the regulation of glucose homeostasis. The research objective for the present study is to elucidate the novel roles of P2Y2 in fasting blood glucose and glucose tolerance (basal insulin sensitivity) under resting conditions in males and females. We expected that under physiological …


Development Of Vaccines And Antivirals Against Zika Virus, Aryamav Pattnaik 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Development Of Vaccines And Antivirals Against Zika Virus, Aryamav Pattnaik

Dissertations & Theses in Veterinary and Biomedical Science

The re-emergence of Zika virus (ZIKV), an arbovirus, poses a major global human health concern because of its ability to cause congenital abnormalities and neurological diseases. While many candidate vaccines and antiviral drugs are in the developmental pipeline, none have been approved for use against ZIKV infection. This dissertation describes the characterization of one vaccine and two antiviral drug candidates against ZIKV infection. A bacterial ferritin-based nanoparticle vaccine, termed zDIII-F, is designed to display multiple copies of ZIKV E protein domain III on its surface. These stable nanoparticles are shown to induce robust antibody-mediated protection against lethal ZIKV infection in …


Post-Acute Sequelae Of Covid-19 (Pasc): Association With Inflammation And Autoimmunity, Raghava S. Ambadapoodi, Fnu Deepti, Javaria Anwer MBBS, Rafael Fernandez-Botran 2021 University of Louisville

Post-Acute Sequelae Of Covid-19 (Pasc): Association With Inflammation And Autoimmunity, Raghava S. Ambadapoodi, Fnu Deepti, Javaria Anwer Mbbs, Rafael Fernandez-Botran

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

It has become increasingly evident that a high percentage of patients that recover from acute COVID-19 infection continue to suffer from a variety of persistent symptoms even months after viral clearance, the most common ones being fatigue, dyspnea, anosmia, dysgeusia, cognitive dysfunction, and psychological problems, including anxiety and depression. This syndrome, known as Post-acute sequelae of COVID-19 (PASC), can severely affect the life quality and represents an important health care concern. The exact causes for the symptoms observed in patients with PASC remain to be adequately characterized, but are likely to be associated with multiple factors, including residual disease and/or …


Hiv-1 Persistence In The Cns: Mechanisms Of Latency, Pathogenesis And An Update On Eradication Strategies., Shilpa Sonti, Adhikarimayum Lakhikumar Sharma, Mudit Tyagi 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Hiv-1 Persistence In The Cns: Mechanisms Of Latency, Pathogenesis And An Update On Eradication Strategies., Shilpa Sonti, Adhikarimayum Lakhikumar Sharma, Mudit Tyagi

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

Despite four decades of research into the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1), a successful strategy to eradicate the virus post-infection is lacking. The major reason for this is the persistence of the virus in certain anatomical reservoirs where it can become latent and remain quiescent for as long as the cellular reservoir is alive. The Central Nervous System (CNS), in particular, is an intriguing anatomical compartment that is tightly regulated by the blood-brain barrier. Targeting the CNS viral reservoir is a major challenge owing to the decreased permeability of drugs into the CNS and the cellular microenvironment that facilitates the compartmentalization …


Genetic Approaches For The Study Of Complex Human Diseases, Julieta Lazarte 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Genetic Approaches For The Study Of Complex Human Diseases, Julieta Lazarte

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The field of human genetics has evolved from its initial narrow focus on single-gene Mendelian disorders, which largely affect children, to our current understanding that for most diseases there is continuum of rare to common variants which can exert a range of phenotypic effects. Despite advances in sequencing capabilities and our overall understanding of diseases, there remains a large proportion of heritability unexplained. Through the use of next-generation sequencing technologies and DNA microarray, I have explored a spectrum of genetic variations from rare, single and structural variants to common variants in individuals with i) “lone” atrial fibrillation; ii) familial hypercholesterolemia; …


European Union Food Law Update, Emilie Majster 2021 European Sugar Association, Brussels

European Union Food Law Update, Emilie Majster

Journal of Food Law & Policy

Nutrition is increasingly important in both the European Union (EU) and in global food-related policy making. Governments, which up until recently have focused on regulating food products based on a food safety perspective, are now turning to regulate from a nutritional aspect.


Post-Acute Sequelae Of Covid-19 And Polypharmacy: If You Think There’S Too Much Polypharmacy Now, Just Wait, Demetra Antimisiaris 2021 University of Louisville

Post-Acute Sequelae Of Covid-19 And Polypharmacy: If You Think There’S Too Much Polypharmacy Now, Just Wait, Demetra Antimisiaris

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

The intersection of increased chronic disease burden worldwide with the COVID-19 pandemic was called the “perfect storm”. This article discusses yet another perfect storm: Post COVID-19 (acute and non-acute) syndrome, high chronic disease burdens, advanced age, and polypharmacy. The expected hyper polypharmacy that should result from the added disease and symptom burden due to post COVID-19 syndrome is discussed, as well as the importance of studying the incidence and characteristics to be able to address avoidable medication-related problems.


Autophagy, Apoptosis, The Unfolded Protein Response, And Lung Function In Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis, Pawan Sharma, Javad Alizadeh, Maya Juarez, Afshin Samali, Andrew J Halayko, Nicholas J Kenyon, Saeid Ghavami, Amir A Zeki 2021 University of Manitoba

Autophagy, Apoptosis, The Unfolded Protein Response, And Lung Function In Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis, Pawan Sharma, Javad Alizadeh, Maya Juarez, Afshin Samali, Andrew J Halayko, Nicholas J Kenyon, Saeid Ghavami, Amir A Zeki

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

Autophagy, apoptosis, and the unfolded protein response (UPR) are fundamental biological processes essential for manifold cellular functions in health and disease. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and lethal pulmonary disorder associated with aging that has limited therapies, reflecting our incomplete understanding. We conducted an observational study linking molecular markers of cell stress response pathways (UPR: BiP, XBP1; apoptosis: cleaved caspase-3; autophagy: LC3β) in lung tissues from IPF patients and correlated the expression of these protein markers to each subject's lung function measures. We hypothesized that changes in lung tissue expression of apoptosis, autophagy, and UPR markers correlate with …


The Effect Of Nurse Case Coordination On Management Of Chronic Conditions, Aayush Mittal MS-HSM 2021 Wayne State University

The Effect Of Nurse Case Coordination On Management Of Chronic Conditions, Aayush Mittal Ms-Hsm

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Ishani A, Greer N, Taylor BC, et al. Effect of nurse case management compared with usual care on controlling cardiovascular risk factors in patients with diabetes: a randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Care. 2011;34(8):1689-1694. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc10-2121

for a patient requiring care coordination for management of hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia.


Conjugated Estrogen Is An Effective Option To Manage Chronic Gi Bleeding In A Patient With Atrial Fibrillation And End-Stage Renal Disease, Matthew T. Compton, Krupa Patel 2021 Wayne State University

Conjugated Estrogen Is An Effective Option To Manage Chronic Gi Bleeding In A Patient With Atrial Fibrillation And End-Stage Renal Disease, Matthew T. Compton, Krupa Patel

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Livio M, Mannucci PM, Viganò G, Mingardi G, Lombardi R, Mecca G, Remuzzi G. Conjugated estrogens for the management of bleeding associated with renal failure. N Engl J Med. 1986;315:731-735 https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJM198609183151204

for a patient with chronic GI bleeding and complicated pro- and anti-coagulation needs.


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