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Covid-19 Case Complicated With Organizing Pneumonia And Pneumothorax: Correspondence, Hammad A. Bhatti, Minh Q. Ho 2022 Orlando VA

Covid-19 Case Complicated With Organizing Pneumonia And Pneumothorax: Correspondence, Hammad A. Bhatti, Minh Q. Ho

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Regulation Of Oxidative Phosphorylation Of Liver Mitochondria In Sepsis, Pierre Eyenga, Benjamin Rey, Lilia Eyenga, Shey-Shing Sheu 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Regulation Of Oxidative Phosphorylation Of Liver Mitochondria In Sepsis, Pierre Eyenga, Benjamin Rey, Lilia Eyenga, Shey-Shing Sheu

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

The link between liver dysfunction and decreased mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation in sepsis has been clearly established in experimental models. Energy transduction is plastic: the efficiency of mitochondrial coupling collapses in the early stage of sepsis but is expected to increase during the recovery phases of sepsis. Among the mechanisms regulating the coupling efficiency of hepatic mitochondria, the slipping reactions at the cytochrome oxidase and ATP synthase seem to be a determining element, whereas other regulatory mechanisms such as those involving proton leakage across the mitochondrial membrane have not yet been formally proven in the context of sepsis. If the dysfunction …


Akt Inhibition In The Central Nervous System Induces Signaling Defects Resulting In Psychiatric Symptomatology, Apostolia-Maria Tsimberidou, Antonis Skliris, Alan Valentine, Jamie Shaw, Ursula Hering, Henry Hiep Vo, Tung On Chan, Roger S Armen, Jeffrey R Cottrell, Jen Q Pan, Philip N Tsichlis 2022 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Akt Inhibition In The Central Nervous System Induces Signaling Defects Resulting In Psychiatric Symptomatology, Apostolia-Maria Tsimberidou, Antonis Skliris, Alan Valentine, Jamie Shaw, Ursula Hering, Henry Hiep Vo, Tung On Chan, Roger S Armen, Jeffrey R Cottrell, Jen Q Pan, Philip N Tsichlis

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

Background: Changes in the expression and activity of the AKT oncogene play an important role in psychiatric disease. We present translational data assessing the role of AKT in psychiatric symptoms.

Methods: (1) We assessed the protein activity of an AKT3 mutant harboring a PH domain mutation (Q60H) detected in a patient with schizophrenia, the corresponding AKT1 mutant (Q61H), and wild-type AKT1 and AKT3 transduced in AKT-null mouse fibroblasts and modeled the Q61H mutation onto the crystal structure of the Akt1 PH domain. (2) We analyzed the results of earlier genome-wide association studies to determine the distribution of schizophrenia-associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms …


Covid-19, Vaccination, And Heart Transplantation, Forest W. Arnold 2022 University of Louisville

Covid-19, Vaccination, And Heart Transplantation, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Hdac6 Inhibition Reverses Long-Term Doxorubicin-Induced Cognitive Dysfunction By Restoring Microglia Homeostasis, Blake McAlpin 2022 The Texas Medical Center Library

Hdac6 Inhibition Reverses Long-Term Doxorubicin-Induced Cognitive Dysfunction By Restoring Microglia Homeostasis, Blake Mcalpin

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

One in 8 women in the US will be diagnosed with breast cancer. Currently, doxorubicin is one of the most effective chemotherapies for breast cancer. Unfortunately, up to 60% of survivors report long-term chemotherapy-induced cognitive dysfunction (CICD) characterized by deficits in working memory, processing speed, and executive functioning. Currently, no interventions for CICD have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. I show here that a 14-day treatment with a blood-brain barrier permeable histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) inhibitor successfully reverses long-term CICD following a therapeutic doxorubicin dosing schedule in female mice, as assessed by the puzzle box test …


Adipose-Derived Stromal Vascular Fraction Therapy Improves Age-Related Adrenergic Mediated Microvascular Dysfunction And Increases Revascularization Potential Following Injury., Gabrielle Brown 2022 University of Louisville

Adipose-Derived Stromal Vascular Fraction Therapy Improves Age-Related Adrenergic Mediated Microvascular Dysfunction And Increases Revascularization Potential Following Injury., Gabrielle Brown

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The role of the microcirculation is to balance blood flow and oxygen delivery to meet local metabolic and oxygen demands. With advancing age, the health of the endothelium declines leading to improper augmentation of the microcirculation; decreasing vasoreactivity and angiogenic potential which can further increase the risk of ischemia. The multiple contributing factors that drive the decline in endothelial health with age make traditional pharmacological interventions challenging whereas cell-based therapies can exert multifactorial gains. Adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF) is an emerging therapeutic for its easily accessible, autologous, anti-inflammatory, and angiogenic properties. It is a heterogenous population comprised of leukocyte …


A Survey To Highlight Areas Of Focus For Patient Care In Settings Utilizing Medical Interpretation, Azayzel DeRegis 2022 East Tennessee State University

A Survey To Highlight Areas Of Focus For Patient Care In Settings Utilizing Medical Interpretation, Azayzel Deregis

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis recounts my personal experience working as a volunteer medical interpreter for the Language and Culture Resource Center at East Tennessee State University. The result of my time spent volunteering as a medical interpreter, shadowing professional medical interpreters, and witnessing patient-provider interactions during interpreted sessions was an inspiration to study medical interpretation further and delve into the challenges faced by patients who require medical interpreters. During my time researching this topic, I found that the United States is severely lacking in Spanish medical interpreters—with some healthcare facilities employing no medical interpreters—even though the size of the Hispanic population is …


Development And Application Of 3d Kinematic Methodologies For Biomechanical Modelling In Adaptive Sports And Rehabilitation, Anne Marie Severyn 2022 Clemson University

Development And Application Of 3d Kinematic Methodologies For Biomechanical Modelling In Adaptive Sports And Rehabilitation, Anne Marie Severyn

All Dissertations

Biomechanical analysis is widely used to assess human movement sciences, specifically using three-dimensional motion capture modelling. There are unprecedented opportunities to increase quantitative knowledge of rehabilitation and recreation for disadvantaged population groups. Specifically, 3D models and movement profiles for human gait analysis were generated with emphasis on post-stroke patients, with direct model translation to analyze equivalent measurements while horseback riding in use of the alternative form of rehabilitation, equine assisted activities and therapies (EAAT) or hippotherapy (HPOT). Significant improvements in gait symmetry and velocity were found within an inpatient rehabilitation setting for patients following a stroke, and the developed movement …


Insulin Therapy Versus Oral Sitagliptin For Treatment Of Latent Autoimmune Diabetes In Adults, Sarah Nasser 2022 Wayne State University

Insulin Therapy Versus Oral Sitagliptin For Treatment Of Latent Autoimmune Diabetes In Adults, Sarah Nasser

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Hals IK, Fiskvik Fleiner H, Reimers N, et al. Investigating optimal β-cell-preserving treatment in latent autoimmune diabetes in adults: Results from a 21-month randomized trial. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2019;21(10):2219-2227. https://doi.org/10.1111/dom.13797

for a patient with an aversion to needles.


Indications For Esophagogastroduodenoscopy In Anemic Patients Without Overt Signs Of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding, Geoffrey M. Ginter 2022 Wayne State University

Indications For Esophagogastroduodenoscopy In Anemic Patients Without Overt Signs Of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding, Geoffrey M. Ginter

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Majid S, Salih M, Wasaya R, Jafri W. Predictors of gastrointestinal lesions on endoscopy in iron deficiency anemia without gastrointestinal symptoms. BMC Gastroenterol. 2008;8:52. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-230X-8-52

for a patient with a complicated presentation of severe anemia


Exercise Therapy Improves Quality Of Life In Patients With Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (Pots), Heya Batah, Scott L. Baughan 2022 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Exercise Therapy Improves Quality Of Life In Patients With Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (Pots), Heya Batah, Scott L. Baughan

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using

George SA, Bivens TB, Howden EJ, et al. The international POTS registry: Evaluating the efficacy of an exercise training intervention in a community setting. Heart Rhythm. 2016;13(4):943-950. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrthm.2015.12.012

for exercise efficacy in patients with POTS.


Sotrovimab: Neutralizing Antibody To Combat Covid-19, Aya Allam, Steven Lippmann 2022 Menoufia University

Sotrovimab: Neutralizing Antibody To Combat Covid-19, Aya Allam, Steven Lippmann

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Are Antipyretic Medications Compatible With Sars-Cov-2 Vaccines?, Sharanya S E Santhi, Niguma Rayamajhi, Steven B Lippmann 2022 University of Louisville

Are Antipyretic Medications Compatible With Sars-Cov-2 Vaccines?, Sharanya S E Santhi, Niguma Rayamajhi, Steven B Lippmann

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Leptospirosis Presenting As Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage, Alejandra González, Paola Alvarez, Mariano Fielli, Analia Santos, Neil Gomez Querales, Elkin Rodriguez Arzuaga 2022 Alejandro Posadas National Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Leptospirosis Presenting As Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage, Alejandra González, Paola Alvarez, Mariano Fielli, Analia Santos, Neil Gomez Querales, Elkin Rodriguez Arzuaga

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) syndrome has a mortality rate of 30 to 60%. A 15-year-old male patient presented with a seven-day abdominal pain, vomiting, non-dysenteric diarrhea, conjunctival injection, and fever. Chest radiography revealed bilateral interstitial infiltrates predominating in the lower left lobe. The patient’s condition worsened within hours, with the development of massive hemoptysis, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), arterial hypotension, and hematocrit decline requiring mechanical ventilation. A chest computed tomography (CT) showed ground-glass opacities with consolidation areas in lower lobes, diffuse tree-in-bud opacities, and centrilobular nodules. A bronchoscopy was conducted without endoluminal lesions and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) consistent with …


Mucormycosis: Covid-19 And Corticosteroids, Mittal Savaliya, Nivedita Jha, Steven B Lippmann 2022 Gujarat Medical Education and Research Society Medical College

Mucormycosis: Covid-19 And Corticosteroids, Mittal Savaliya, Nivedita Jha, Steven B Lippmann

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Oxybenzone And The Mammary Gland: Impact Of An Environmental Pollutant On Health, Disease & Ethical Decision-Making, Klara Matouskova 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Oxybenzone And The Mammary Gland: Impact Of An Environmental Pollutant On Health, Disease & Ethical Decision-Making, Klara Matouskova

Doctoral Dissertations

The environmental pollutant and common sunscreen compound oxybenzone is a benzophenone type UV light chemical filter used in industrial and consumer goods. This chemical widely contaminates human tissues, non-human species, and environmental matrices. In this dissertation, oxybenzone is investigated for its effects on the mouse mammary gland in the offspring following perinatal exposure; after perinatal and prepubertal exposures as a dual environmental insult during two sensitive times of development; and in adults after exposure during pregnancy & lactation as an environmental factor potentially increasing the tissue susceptibility to mammary tumors. Chapter 1 introduces the mammary gland. Chapter 2 reviews UV …


Aorta In Pathologies May Function As An Immune Organ By Upregulating Secretomes For Immune And Vascular Cell Activation, Differentiation And Trans-Differentiation-Early Secretomes May Serve As Drivers For Trained Immunity, Yifan Lu, Yu Sun, Keman Xu, Fatma Saaoud, Ying Shao, Charles Drummer, Sheng Wu, Wenhui Hu, Jun Yu, Satya P Kunapuli, John R Bethea, Roberto I Vazquez-Padron, Jianxin Sun, Xiaohua Jiang, Hong Wang, Xiaofeng Yang 2022 Temple University Lewis Katz School of Medicine

Aorta In Pathologies May Function As An Immune Organ By Upregulating Secretomes For Immune And Vascular Cell Activation, Differentiation And Trans-Differentiation-Early Secretomes May Serve As Drivers For Trained Immunity, Yifan Lu, Yu Sun, Keman Xu, Fatma Saaoud, Ying Shao, Charles Drummer, Sheng Wu, Wenhui Hu, Jun Yu, Satya P Kunapuli, John R Bethea, Roberto I Vazquez-Padron, Jianxin Sun, Xiaohua Jiang, Hong Wang, Xiaofeng Yang

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

To determine whether aorta becomes immune organ in pathologies, we performed transcriptomic analyses of six types of secretomic genes (SGs) in aorta and vascular cells and made the following findings: 1) 53.7% out of 21,306 human protein genes are classified into six secretomes, namely, canonical, caspase 1, caspase 4, exosome, Weibel-Palade body, and autophagy; 2) Atherosclerosis (AS), chronic kidney disease (CKD) and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) modulate six secretomes in aortas; and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV, COVID-19 homologous) infected endothelial cells (ECs) and angiotensin-II (Ang-II) treated vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) modulate six secretomes; 3) AS aortas upregulate …


Pkcε Activation Restores Loss Of Pkcε, Manganese Superoxide Dismutase, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor, And Microvessels In Aged And Alzheimer's Disease Hippocampus, Guetchyn Millien, Huaixing Wang, Zongxiu Zhang, Dan L Alkon, Jarin Hongpaisan 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Pkcε Activation Restores Loss Of Pkcε, Manganese Superoxide Dismutase, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor, And Microvessels In Aged And Alzheimer's Disease Hippocampus, Guetchyn Millien, Huaixing Wang, Zongxiu Zhang, Dan L Alkon, Jarin Hongpaisan

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

Vascular endothelial dysfunction and capillary loss are currently considered to be a primary phenotype of normal human aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Activation of protein kinase C (PKCε) improves several molecular, cellular, physiological, and behavioral endpoints, yet it is not known whether a loss of PKCε activity occurs in the microvascular endothelium in aged and AD hippocampi, whether this loss contributes to microvascular change, or whether activation of PKCε protects against microvascular damage, an early change that induces age-associated memory defect and AD. We investigated the effect of the PKCε activation on microvascular loss in the hippocampus, important for memory …


Pulmonary Post-Acute Sequelae Of Covid-19, Usman Akbar, Shivam Gulati, Johnny Zakhour MD, Alex Glynn, Jose Bordon 2022 University of Louisville

Pulmonary Post-Acute Sequelae Of Covid-19, Usman Akbar, Shivam Gulati, Johnny Zakhour Md, Alex Glynn, Jose Bordon

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Introduction: Persistent symptoms have been observed in a substantial proportion of survivors of COVID-19 since relatively early in the pandemic. Among these post-acute sequelae of COVID-19 (PASC), respiratory symptoms appear to be the most prevalent.

Methods: We conducted a literature review of peer-reviewed publications in English on the clinical and epidemiological features of respiratory PASC in cohorts of 100 or more patients with a follow-up of four weeks or more after acute infection. Included studies reported the prevalence of persistent respiratory symptoms and/or the results of follow-up pulmonary function tests.

Results: On our review included 14 studies across eight countries …


Abi1 Mediates Airway Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation And Airway Remodeling Via Jak2/Stat3 Signaling, Ruping Wang, Yinna Wang, Guoning Liao, Bohao Chen, Reynold A. Panettieri, Jr., Raymond B. Penn, Albany Medical College 2022 Albany Medical College

Abi1 Mediates Airway Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation And Airway Remodeling Via Jak2/Stat3 Signaling, Ruping Wang, Yinna Wang, Guoning Liao, Bohao Chen, Reynold A. Panettieri, Jr., Raymond B. Penn, Albany Medical College

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

Asthma is a complex pulmonary disorder with multiple pathological mechanisms. A key pathological feature of chronic asthma is airway remodeling, which is largely attributed to airway smooth muscle (ASM) hyperplasia that contributes to thickening of the airway wall and further drives asthma pathology. The cellular processes that mediate ASM cell proliferation are not completely elucidated. Using multiple approaches, we demonstrate that the adapter protein Abi1 (Abelson interactor 1) is upregulated in ∼50% of ASM cell cultures derived from patients with asthma. Loss-of-function studies demonstrate that Abi1 regulates the activation of Jak2 (Janus kinase 2) and STAT3 (signal transducers and activators …


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