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Overcoming Stereotypes That Hinder Academic Performance Through Psychological Priming, Jessica A. Cole 2017 Chapin High School, Chapin, SC

Overcoming Stereotypes That Hinder Academic Performance Through Psychological Priming, Jessica A. Cole

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

This study is focused on the effects psychological priming has on low to average performing high school sophomores and juniors, in regards to their SAT scores. The brain is constantly receiving stimuli and utilizes memories to correctly respond to the situation at hand. Thus, the environment and the information it yields directly or indirectly affects a person’s mindset at a subconscious level. This is known as psychological priming. Prior studies have found that the subconscious can often control not only one's mood, but also one’s actions and thoughts. This study builds upon a foundation of research focused ...


Developing Community Reinforcement And Family Training (Craft) For Parents Of Treatment-Resistant Adolescents., Kimberly C Kirby, Brian Versek, Mary Louise Kerwin, Kathleen Meyers, Lois A Benishek, Elena Bresani, Yukiko Washio, Amelia Arria, Robert J Meyers 2017 Rowan University

Developing Community Reinforcement And Family Training (Craft) For Parents Of Treatment-Resistant Adolescents., Kimberly C Kirby, Brian Versek, Mary Louise Kerwin, Kathleen Meyers, Lois A Benishek, Elena Bresani, Yukiko Washio, Amelia Arria, Robert J Meyers

Mary Louise E. Kerwin

We describe a project focused on training parents to facilitate their treatment-resistant adolescent's treatment entry and to manage their child after entry into community-based treatment. Controlled studies show that Community Reinforcement and Family Training (CRAFT) is a unilateral treatment that fosters treatment entry of adults; however, there are no controlled trials for parents with a substance-abusing child. We examined the behavioral parent training literature to guide us in tailoring CRAFT for parents of adolescents. We discuss adaptations to CRAFT, outcomes and experiences gained from a brief pilot of the revised CRAFT program, and the future directions of this work.


What Can Parents Do? A Review Of State Laws Regarding Decision Making For Adolescent Drug Abuse And Mental Health Treatment, Mary Louise Kerwin, Kimberly C. Kirby, Dominic Speziali, Morgan Duggan, Cynthia Mellitz, Brian Versek, Ashley McNamara 2017 Rowan University

What Can Parents Do? A Review Of State Laws Regarding Decision Making For Adolescent Drug Abuse And Mental Health Treatment, Mary Louise Kerwin, Kimberly C. Kirby, Dominic Speziali, Morgan Duggan, Cynthia Mellitz, Brian Versek, Ashley Mcnamara

Mary Louise E. Kerwin

This study examined US state laws regarding parental and adolescent decision-making for substance use and mental health inpatient and outpatient treatment. State statues for requiring parental consent favored mental health over drug abuse treatment and inpatient over outpatient modalities. Parental consent was sufficient in 53%–61% of the states for inpatient treatment, but only for 39% – 46% of the states for outpatient treatment. State laws favored the rights of minors to access drug treatment without parental consent, and to do so at a younger age than for mental health treatment. Implications for how these laws may impact parents seeking help ...


An Alternating Treatments Comparison Of Two Intensive Interventions For Food Refusal., W H Ahearn, Mary Louise Kerwin, P S Eicher, J Shantz, W Swearingin 2017 Rowan University

An Alternating Treatments Comparison Of Two Intensive Interventions For Food Refusal., W H Ahearn, Mary Louise Kerwin, P S Eicher, J Shantz, W Swearingin

Mary Louise E. Kerwin

We compared two treatment packages involving negative reinforcement contingencies for 3 children with chronic food refusal. One involved physically guiding the child to accept food contingent on noncompliance, whereas the other involved nonremoval of the spoon until the child accepted the presented food. Subsequent to baseline, an alternating treatments comparison was implemented in a multiple baseline design across subjects. After each child had been exposed to at least nine sessions of each treatment condition and percentage of bites accepted had increased to at least 80%, the child's caregivers selected the preferred treatment package. The results indicated that both treatments ...


The Costs Of Eating: A Behavioral Economic Analysis Of Food Refusal., Mary Louise Kerwin, W H Ahearn, P S Eicher, D M Burd 2017 Rowan University

The Costs Of Eating: A Behavioral Economic Analysis Of Food Refusal., Mary Louise Kerwin, W H Ahearn, P S Eicher, D M Burd

Mary Louise E. Kerwin

Behavioral economic concepts were applied to the analysis and treatment of pediatric feeding disorders in a clinical setting. In Experiment 1, children who chronically refused food were presented with varying amounts of food on a spoon (empty, dipped, quarter, half, and level). Each child exhibited a different but orderly demand function of response (acceptance, expulsion, and mouth clean) by cost (increasing spoon volume) for a constant pay-off of toys and social interaction. In Experiment 2, physical guidance or nonremoval of the spoon for food refusal was initiated at the smallest spoon volume with low levels of acceptance, and was subsequently ...


Interdependent Group Contingency Management For Cocaine-Dependent Methadone Maintenance Patients., Kimberly C Kirby, Mary Louise Kerwin, Carolyn M Carpenedo, Beth J Rosenwasser, Robert S Gardner 2017 Rowan University

Interdependent Group Contingency Management For Cocaine-Dependent Methadone Maintenance Patients., Kimberly C Kirby, Mary Louise Kerwin, Carolyn M Carpenedo, Beth J Rosenwasser, Robert S Gardner

Mary Louise E. Kerwin

Contingency management (CM) for drug abstinence has been applied to individuals independently even when delivered in groups. We developed a group CM intervention in which the behavior of a single, randomly selected, anonymous individual determined reinforcement delivery for the entire group. We also compared contingencies placed only on cocaine abstinence (CA) versus one of four behaviors (CA, treatment attendance, group CM attendance, and methadone compliance) selected randomly at each drawing. Two groups were formed with 22 cocaine-dependent community-based methadone patients and exposed to both CA and multiple behavior (MB) conditions in a reversal design counterbalanced across groups for exposure order ...


Pediatric Feeding Problems: A Behavior Analytic Approach To Assessment And Treatment., MaryLouise E. Kerwin 2017 Rowan University

Pediatric Feeding Problems: A Behavior Analytic Approach To Assessment And Treatment., Marylouise E. Kerwin

Mary Louise E. Kerwin

Although eating is considered an automatic physiologic process, many children experience feeding difficulties. The purpose of this article is to present a behavior analytic conceptualization of feeding problems and to summarize the empirically supported behavioral interventions for these problems. While negative reinforcement appears to maintain food refusal, classical conditioning may contribute to its initiation. Differential reinforcement of alternative behavior with escape extinction is an empirically supported intervention for feeding problems and has been successfully implemented by trained staff or parents, in multiple settings, with maintained gains over time and generalization to new foods for many children. While the efficacy of ...


The Nyc Board Of Education Mandates Pledging Allegiance [Poem], Kate Abell 2017 Bank Street College of Education

The Nyc Board Of Education Mandates Pledging Allegiance [Poem], Kate Abell

Occasional Paper Series

Kate Abell shares a poem following September 11. It is a criticism of the requirement of pledging allegiance to the flag in school.


Principles For Responding To Children In A Traumatic Time, Sal Vascellaro 2017 Bank Street College of Education

Principles For Responding To Children In A Traumatic Time, Sal Vascellaro

Occasional Paper Series

A list of principles that aim to help educators in their struggle to respond to the range of traumatic experiences many children have to live with—the death of a loved one, serious illness, violence, drug addiction, homelessness. This list offers something tangible to use as they respond to the children in their care.


The Children Keep Reminding Us: One School's Experience After 9/11, Kate Delacorte 2017 Downtown Little School

The Children Keep Reminding Us: One School's Experience After 9/11, Kate Delacorte

Occasional Paper Series

This essay reflects on the experience of a new preschool that was located a few blocks away from the World Trade Center and had not yet opened at the time of September 11. After the event, the school held meetings with teachers, parents, and their children. The conversations highlighted the overwhelming difference between the needs of the parents and the needs of the children. Through sharing of fears, experiences, and emotions, the new community grew closer.


"Building Up": Block Play After September 11, Lisa Edstrom 2017 Bank Street School for Children

"Building Up": Block Play After September 11, Lisa Edstrom

Occasional Paper Series

Like most people in New York City, the children in Edstrom's class were affected by the events of September 11. However, not until five weeks later did these particular five- and six year-olds begin to make sense of what happened. Through the use of block play, they were able to explore the difficult emotions and questions we all had about the World Trade Center attack


A Story To Tell, Megan Rose 2017 Little Red Schoolhouse Elisabeth Irwin High School

A Story To Tell, Megan Rose

Occasional Paper Series

Rose recounts her experience on September 11 while being the teacher of an eleventh grade class. This essay demonstrates a teacher's need to be a leader and caregiver in the face of disaster, and subsequently allow for reflection and processing of emotions. Initially, her job stifled her own emotional response to the attack, but she was eventually able to use curriculum and creativity in the classroom to help herself and her students engage and reflect on their experiences.


Introduction: Teaching Through A Crisis: September 11 And Beyond, Alison McKersie 2017 Bank Street School for Children

Introduction: Teaching Through A Crisis: September 11 And Beyond, Alison Mckersie

Occasional Paper Series

An introduction to a volume of essays that provided a vehicle through which educators could share their experiences following September 11. This includes how teachers were addressing the troubling questions that the tragedy raised: What kinds of conversations had been sparked among children, teachers, and parents? How had curriculum shifted in response to this heretofore unimaginable event?


Reading Between The Lines Of Participation: Tenant Participation And Participatory Budgeting In Toronto Community Housing, Behrang Foroughi 2017 Arizona State University

Reading Between The Lines Of Participation: Tenant Participation And Participatory Budgeting In Toronto Community Housing, Behrang Foroughi

Journal of Public Deliberation

Participatory Budgeting (PB) is currently practiced in more than a dozen of American cities. It is indicated by the White House as best practice in civic engagement and by scholars as a new wave of democratic innovation. With the enthusiastic spread of PB in the US, it is imperative to continuously integrate reflective learning to sustain and enhance its impact. In this paper, I share learning drawn form the practice of PB at the Toronto Community Housing (TCH), highlighting a host of communicative and procedural challenges, hindering the growth of collaborative partnerships among the management, staff and the tenants. I ...


Prompting Deliberation About Nanotechnology: Information, Instruction, And Discussion Effects On Individual Engagement And Knowledge, Lisa M. PytlikZillig, Myiah J. Hutchens, Peter Muhlberger, Alan J. Tomkins 2017 University of Nebraska

Prompting Deliberation About Nanotechnology: Information, Instruction, And Discussion Effects On Individual Engagement And Knowledge, Lisa M. Pytlikzillig, Myiah J. Hutchens, Peter Muhlberger, Alan J. Tomkins

Journal of Public Deliberation

Deliberative (and educational) theories typically predict knowledge gains will be enhanced by information structure and discussion. In two studies, we experimentally manipulated key features of deliberative public engagement (information, instructions, and discussion) and measured impacts on cognitive-affective engagement and knowledge about nanotechnology. We also examined the direct and moderating impacts of individual differences in need for cognition and gender. Findings indicated little impact of information (organized by topic or by pro-con relevance). Instructions (prompts to think critically) decreased engagement in Study 1, and increased it in Study 2, but did not impact post-knowledge. Group discussion had strong positive benefits for ...


Patient Experience Of Taking Adjuvant Endocrine Therapy For Breast Cancer: A Tough Pill To Swallow, Kuang-Yi Wen, Rita Smith, Aruna Padmanabhan, Lori Goldstein 2017 Fox Chase Cancer Center

Patient Experience Of Taking Adjuvant Endocrine Therapy For Breast Cancer: A Tough Pill To Swallow, Kuang-Yi Wen, Rita Smith, Aruna Padmanabhan, Lori Goldstein

Patient Experience Journal

Adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) has substantially improved the mortality rate among breast cancer survivors. Despite the proven efficacy, the non-adherence rate to therapy is still high. This study is aimed to examine women’s challenges related to AET adherence and management. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six Caucasian and six African American breast cancer survivors who were prescribed for AET. The transcripts of audio-taped interviews were qualitatively analyzed. Key themes were: 1) positive beliefs in AET, 2) uncertainty about long-term adherence, 3) experiences with side effects, 4) forgetting and remembering, 5) other concerns and information needs, 6) potential intervention format ...


The Effect Of Music Tempo On The Psychophysiological Measures Of Stress, Briana Brownlow 2017 Spelman College

The Effect Of Music Tempo On The Psychophysiological Measures Of Stress, Briana Brownlow

Continuum

Music and its influence on stress have been researched extensively (Pelletier, 2004). Specifically, the tempo of music has been identified as a quality of music with a greater role on impacting the stress response than other components of music (Gomez & Danuser, 2007). An experimental study was conducted in order to assess music tempo’s role in stress reduction, utilizing psychophysiological measures. This study used a convenience sample of African-American undergraduate students from an all-female, Historical Black College in the southeast region of the United States (N = 102). It was hypothesized that participants who were exposed to slower tempo music, rather than the faster tempo music or silence, would have a significantly lower stress level compared to baseline, as assessed through psychophysiological measures of arousal (heart rate and galvanic skin response). One musical piece was utilized: Nuvole Bianche by Ludovico Einaudi, and this piece was manipulated to have a faster and slower tempo. These manipulated versions were used for the slow tempo and fast tempo condition; for the silence condition (control) participants used ear buds. The results indicated that faster tempo music produces a significant increase in participant heart rate, as compared to baseline. Participants in the slow tempo music and the silent condition demonstrated a significant decrease in heart rate. GSR was significantly higher for participants in the fast tempo music and the control conditions ...


A Changing World Of Workplace Conflict Resolution And Employee Voice: An Australian Perspective, Bernadine Van Gramberg, Julian Teicher, Greg J. Bamber, Brian Cooper 2017 Swinburne University of Technology - Australia

A Changing World Of Workplace Conflict Resolution And Employee Voice: An Australian Perspective, Bernadine Van Gramberg, Julian Teicher, Greg J. Bamber, Brian Cooper

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

The authors contribute to dispute resolution theory and provide new insights on such important issues as employee voice, workplace disputes and employees’ intentions to quit. They conducted and analyzed a survey of managers in Australian workplaces. They apply Budd and Colvin’s (2008) path-finding dispute resolution framework to examine two research questions: first, is there a relationship between the resolution of disputes and employee voice as measured by employee perceptions of influence over decision-making? Second, is there a relationship between the resolution of workplace disputes and employees’ intentions to quit? These are important questions in view of the high costs ...


A-2 Intimate Partner Violence And Substance Abuse: Male And Female Perpetrators, Christiana D. Atkins 2017 Andrews University

A-2 Intimate Partner Violence And Substance Abuse: Male And Female Perpetrators, Christiana D. Atkins

Celebration of Research and Creative Scholarship

Domestic violence has been a pervasive, long-standing problem in our society, likely for as long as society has been around. In the United States, it wasn’t until 1871 that the first state (Alabama) rescinded the “husbandly” right to physically punish their wives. Societal views on relationship violence have since changed significantly. Male perpetrators of intimate partner violence have been the focus of studies since the 1970’s when domestic violence started gaining attention in literature and in popular culture. Contrary to popular belief, females have been found to be more likely to initiate violence. Female intimate partner violence perpetration ...


P-13 Understanding Dv Attitudes In A College Sample, Amy Manjarres, Melissa Ponce-Rodas 2017 Andrews University

P-13 Understanding Dv Attitudes In A College Sample, Amy Manjarres, Melissa Ponce-Rodas

Celebration of Research and Creative Scholarship

More than 20,000 phone calls are placed to domestic violence (DV) hotlines on a typical day, and one in three women and one in four men have been victims of some form of physical violence at the hands of an intimate partner within their lifetime (www.enditnow.org). Even though rates of DV are pandemic, very little literature has examined how religious beliefs impact people’s perceptions of DV. Even less has focused on perceptions of college students. Therefore, using online surveys, the current study aimed to document student’s religious and gender role beliefs, and assess their relationships ...


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