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Recent Articles in Other Psychology
An Examination Of Summer Bridge Programs For First-Generation College Students, Emily Christine Otewalt California Polytechnic State University
An Examination Of Summer Bridge Programs For First-Generation College Students, Emily Christine Otewalt
Psychology and Child Development
During the last fifty years, nearly half of all students who entered a two- or four-year university withdrew without obtaining a degree. Students from low socioeconomic backgrounds, ethnic minority students, and students who were the first in their family to attend college were particularly vulnerable to this attrition. The following senior project examines current research on the backgrounds and attrition rates of first-generation college students, how "Summer Bridge Programs" aim to assist these students, and where shortcoming exist in current "Summer Bridge Program" assessments.
The Object Of Desire: How Being Objectified Creates Sexual Pressure For Women In Heterosexual Relationships, Tiffany Hoyt Bridgewater State University
The Object Of Desire: How Being Objectified Creates Sexual Pressure For Women In Heterosexual Relationships, Tiffany Hoyt
Honors Program Theses and Projects
The objectification of women is widespread in the United States (American Psychological Association, 2007), although there is relatively little research on objectification in romantic relationships. The purpose of this research was to explore how partner-objectification might be related to sexual pressure in heterosexual relationships. It was hypothesized that men who objectify their partners would be more likely to sexually pressure and/or coerce their partners. Additionally, a woman who feels objectified by her partner was hypothesized to internalize the objectification, feel like she has less control in the relationship (i.e., less sexual agency), and perceive more sexual pressure and ...
Stimulus Control By Timing In Pigeons, Neil McMillan Western University
Stimulus Control By Timing In Pigeons, Neil Mcmillan
University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Timing has been widely studied in humans and animals across a variety of different timescales. The concept of time as a stimulus dimension, and how it is processed relative to other stimulus dimensions, has only recently been scrutinized. In the current work I present a review of interval timing as it relates to stimulus control, and discuss the role of attention in timing in the context of three sets of studies in pigeons.
In the first set of studies, I analyzed whether the presence of a non-reinforced timed stimulus would disrupt timing of a stimulus reinforced on a fixed-interval schedule ...
The Effect Of Cataract Surgery On Depression And Vision-Related Quality Of Life In An Elderly Population, Paige Martin The University of Maine
The Effect Of Cataract Surgery On Depression And Vision-Related Quality Of Life In An Elderly Population, Paige Martin
Cataracts due to age affect the ability to perform daily visual activities, thereby reducing independence, which can leave a person feeling depressed. This project is designed to study the relationships between cataract surgery and depression and vision-related quality of life in an elderly population. Two groups were studied: Participants undergoing cataract surgery and a wait-list control group. Levels of depression and vision-related quality of life were assessed at baseline and at one-month post-surgery/baseline point. Changes in depressive symptoms did not differ between the two groups; however, vision-related quality of life and visual acuity are significantly increased with cataract removal ...
Early To Bed, Early To Rise: How Changing To An Earlier School Start Time Affects Sleep Patterns And Cognitive Functioning In School-Aged Children, Laura Pistorino Bridgewater State University
Early To Bed, Early To Rise: How Changing To An Earlier School Start Time Affects Sleep Patterns And Cognitive Functioning In School-Aged Children, Laura Pistorino
The purpose of this project was to elucidate the impact of earlier school start times on elementary school children. Research demonstrates that adolescents are chronically sleep deprived due to shifting biological rhythms and early school start times. As a result, some schools have restructured their schedules to allow for later start times for middle and high school students. This change has inadvertently resulted in earlier start times for the elementary school students. Although studies demonstrate a positive impact of later start times for adolescents, no studies have examined younger children. This project, therefore, examined the effect of an earlier start ...
The Object Of Desire: How Being Objectified Creates Sexual Pressure For Heterosexual Women In Relationships, Tiffany Hoyt Bridgewater State University
The Object Of Desire: How Being Objectified Creates Sexual Pressure For Heterosexual Women In Relationships, Tiffany Hoyt
The objectification of women is widespread in the United States (American Psychological Association, 2007). In heterosexual relationships, a woman can feel objectified by her partner. When a woman feels objectified by her partner, she may internalize the objectification, feel like she has less control, and perceive more sexual pressure and coercion. However, there is relatively little research on objectification in romantic relationships. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to explore how partner objectification might be related to sexual pressure in heterosexual relationships. A sample of 162 women from all over the United States participated in an online study that ...
Secondary Victims' Perceptions Of Justice : Implications For Forensic Psychology, Benjamin Bannister Edith Cowan University
Secondary Victims' Perceptions Of Justice : Implications For Forensic Psychology, Benjamin Bannister
Theses: Doctorates and Masters
An emerging area of study has begun to look at the perceptions of justice of the family and friends of crime victims – or, secondary victims. It is important to improve understanding of secondary victims’ experiences of justice, partly because knowledge about how they perceive justice may help forensic psychologists assist them more effectively. This research attempted to assess how well existing justice theories could account for secondary victims’ perceptions of justice, and also help determine what is important to them. Using the largely ignored group of secondary victims of non-sexual violent crime, the research consisted of two interrelated stages. In ...
Correlates Of Help-Seeking Following Stalking Victimization: A Study Of College Women, Saige E. Jutras, Katie Edwards, Kateryna Sylaska University of New Hampshire
Correlates Of Help-Seeking Following Stalking Victimization: A Study Of College Women, Saige E. Jutras, Katie Edwards, Kateryna Sylaska
The current study explored factors related to college women’s coping processes associated with stalking using an online survey methodology. Results (N= 305 college women reporting stalking victimization within the last three years) showed that 85% of women disclosed their stalking experiences most commonly to female friends. Additionally, women used a variety of coping mechanisms in response to their stalking victimization; although avoiding thinking about or acting on the stalking experience were the most common strategies, victims rated direct forms of coping as more effective in deterring the stalking behavior. Women’s coping responses to stalking were related to a ...
To Be Here, Then Gone: A Historical Review Of Psychology’S Influence On Determining Time Of Death, Iby Wellborn University of Tennessee, Knoxville
To Be Here, Then Gone: A Historical Review Of Psychology’S Influence On Determining Time Of Death, Iby Wellborn
University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects
No abstract provided.
Pornography Addiction And Mental Health Disorders, Tabitha Cassidy Liberty University
Pornography Addiction And Mental Health Disorders, Tabitha Cassidy
Senior Honors Papers
This study aims to understand the differences between mental health disorders in a sample of pornography users, addicts, and non-users. Participants in the study included males and females who visited a paraprofessional counseling center on a college campus (n=1048). Between non-users and users of pornography, one-way analysis of variance planned comparison results indicated that participants significantly differed in scores of Depression, Anxiety, and Global Severity Index as measured by the Brief Symptom Inventory 18 (BSI 18). Non-Suicidal Self-Injurious behaviors as measured by the Ottawa Self-Injury Inventory; and Grandiosity/Narcissism as measured by the Spiritual Assessment Inventory. Independent sample t-test ...
The Psychological Relationship Between Spirituality And Emotional Responses To Music, Anais D. Norman Liberty University
The Psychological Relationship Between Spirituality And Emotional Responses To Music, Anais D. Norman
Senior Honors Papers
A study was conducted with 251 undergraduate psychology students at a Christian university to determine the nature of the relationship between spirituality and music-based emotions. Two hypotheses were proposed: First, students with higher levels of spirituality would experience higher emotional intensity while listening to music. Second, students will experience equal emotional intensity when listening to the “sacred” or “secular” selections. In answer to the first hypothesis, results indicated that overall intensity in emotional response to musical selections did significantly and positively correlate with higher spirituality scores. In answer to the second hypothesis, the strength of emotional intensity did differ, and ...
The Relationship Between Self-Directed Learning And Information Literacy Among Adult Learners In Higher Education, Tiffani Reneau Conner University of Tennessee, Knoxville
The Relationship Between Self-Directed Learning And Information Literacy Among Adult Learners In Higher Education, Tiffani Reneau Conner
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-directed learning and information literacy. Participants completed the Personal Orientation in Self-Directed Learning Scale ([PRO-SDLS], Stockdale, 2003) and the Information Literacy Test ([ILT], James Madison University, 2003). The PRO-SDLS is a self-report scale consisting of 25 statements about self-directed learning preferences in college classrooms. The ILT is a 60-item multiple-choice test that assesses the information literacy skills of college students. Correlation, ANOVA, and multiple regressions were used to test relationships and differences between self-directed learning and information literacy. Despite claims that teaching information literacy creates self-directed learners, composite scores ...
Intentional Analysis In Psychological Research, Rodger E. Broome PhD Utah Valley University
Intentional Analysis In Psychological Research, Rodger E. Broome Phd
Rodger E. Broome
http://phenomenologyblog.com/?p=878 Giorgi’s approach to psychological analysis is an analysis of intentionality at the psychological level rather than at the universal level of philosophy. In short, phenomenological research psychologists do not aim at finding universal a priori facts about mental life, but rather to illuminate the lived-experiences of people in various kinds of situations. The purpose of using a Husserlian approach to intentional analysis is to get at the mental acts to see how they are synthesized by the mind into personal meanings. With that in mind, the researcher examines the personal meanings and generates a ...
The Effects Of Hiv/Aids On The Mother-Child Relationship, Margaret Gross University of San Francisco
The Effects Of Hiv/Aids On The Mother-Child Relationship, Margaret Gross
Student Research & Creativity - Day of Celebration
39 semi-structured interviews were conducted with HIV+/- mothers living in central Uganda. Interviews were assisted by a translator and recorded manually on paper then coded and analyzed. The majority of HIV+ mothers were found to be single, supported 5+ children, worked longer days to get by, and emphasized the importance of having a counselor. These findings suggest a strong relationship exists between HIV and motherhood. There is a need for further attention to help single mothers and foster programs that encourage economic growth within their families, nutritional improvement, and overall attention to a group that is currently receiving little assistance.
Metaphors Of Occupation, Rodger E. Broome PhD Utah Valley University
Metaphors Of Occupation, Rodger E. Broome Phd
Rodger E. Broome
When we consider a fire career as a journey, we start seeing the training, education, and experiences as landmarks along a path.
The Relationship Between The Utilization Of Mental Health Services, Coping Mechanisms, And Reputation In Male Firefighters, Rodger E. Broome PhD, Jessica Bulala PsyD Utah Valley University
The Relationship Between The Utilization Of Mental Health Services, Coping Mechanisms, And Reputation In Male Firefighters, Rodger E. Broome Phd, Jessica Bulala Psyd
Rodger E. Broome
The study shows that firefighters believe in masculine ideals, including independence, strength, and straightforwardness. Therefore, it would seem probable that firefighters in treatment would respond well to psychoeducation on communication styles, coping skills, and mental health in general.
A Phenomenological Psychological Study Of The Police Officer's Lived-Experience Of The Use Of Deadly Force, Rodger E. Broome PhD Utah Valley University
A Phenomenological Psychological Study Of The Police Officer's Lived-Experience Of The Use Of Deadly Force, Rodger E. Broome Phd
Rodger E. Broome
A police officer is sometimes required to literally make a potentially life or death decision and act upon it under rapidly evolving and dynamic circumstances involving a variety of mental, physical, and emotional aspects of the deadly force experience. Because the act of using deadly force is so personally impacting, the descriptive phenomenological psychological method was used in this study to provide a qualitative, holistic and personal viewpoint from the officers’ perspective in their lived-experiences. Three city police officers were interviewed and each gave a descriptive account of their experiences with deadly force. It was found that police officers experience ...
Smartphone Usage Pattern And Addiction Probability: A Comparative Analysis Between U.S. And Korea, Luke Shin Georgia State University
Smartphone Usage Pattern And Addiction Probability: A Comparative Analysis Between U.S. And Korea, Luke Shin
Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference
No abstract provided.
Golfing-Unto-Death, Rodger E. Broome PhD Utah Valley University
Golfing-Unto-Death, Rodger E. Broome Phd
Rodger E. Broome
Drawing from Heidegger’s (2008) Being and Time, the game of golf is analogous to our Being-unto-death. Each day that we awake is another swing at the ball of life. How well we hit the ball determines the position from which subsequent shots can be made, or our “lie.” A poorly made shot tends to send the ball flying into an obstacle like a sand trap, rough turf, or grove of trees that are along each fairway. We begin each day from the Tee, which is a place where we can set up our ball on a tee so that ...
Cross-Cultural Cannibalism Throughout Human History, Melissa Cochran California Polytechnic State University
Cross-Cultural Cannibalism Throughout Human History, Melissa Cochran
No abstract provided.
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Positive Media: An Introductory Exploration, Meghan Keener
Signs And Symbols: Art And Language In Art Therapy, Malissa Morrell
The Classroom Environment: The Silent Curriculum, Brittany Allen, Katie Hessick
Perceptions Of Beauty Among Female Chinese Students In The United States And China, Carly Staley, Ginny Zhan
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