Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Experimental Analysis of Behavior Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

769 Full-Text Articles 1037 Authors 113048 Downloads 122 Institutions

All Articles in Experimental Analysis of Behavior

Faceted Search

769 full-text articles. Page 1 of 24.

Lacuna: Transcendence Of The Human Body Through The Space Between, Anica Bottom 2017 Dominican University of California

Lacuna: Transcendence Of The Human Body Through The Space Between, Anica Bottom

Scholarly & Creative Works Conference 2017

Examination of humans as dancers interaction with our surrounding environment. Performance and experimental movement improvisation clips shown.


The Effects Of Gender, Age, And Duration On Motivations To Exercise, Kimberly Murrietta 2017 Dominican University of California

The Effects Of Gender, Age, And Duration On Motivations To Exercise, Kimberly Murrietta

Scholarly & Creative Works Conference 2017

There are a variety of factors that motivate people to engage in physical exercise. The Self-Determination Theory identifies and categorizes the main reasons that people usually give when asked to explain why they exercise (Markland et al., 2014). Some of these factors are experienced as autonomous, meaning that people are independently driven to exercise. Other factors are controlled forms of motivation, causing people to exercise with the means of attaining some sort of outcome other than internal satisfaction. In order to measure and compare the extent to which individuals are motivated to exercise, this study required participants to fill out ...


The Influence Of Advertising On College Students' Alcohol Consumption, Kathryn Wisniewski 2017 Dominican University of California

The Influence Of Advertising On College Students' Alcohol Consumption, Kathryn Wisniewski

Scholarly & Creative Works Conference 2017

No abstract provided.


Assessment Of Olfactory-Based Social Recognition: Designing A Paradigm For Marmosets, Stephanie Womack 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Assessment Of Olfactory-Based Social Recognition: Designing A Paradigm For Marmosets, Stephanie Womack

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Navigation of the social world depends largely on one’s responsiveness to social stimuli and information from a wide range of senses can be used to discriminate between individuals. Mammals use several sensory modes to communicate and respond to their surroundings, but olfaction is the dominant sense across most species. Chemosignals provide a wealth of information including sex, age, reproductive status, and individual identity. Currently, assessment of olfaction is largely limited to the habituation-dishabituation paradigm or the two-choice discrimination task used primarily in rodents. These paradigms are limited by their reliance on inherent reward of interaction with stimuli without providing ...


The Relevance Of Emotions In Presidential Public Appeals: Anger’S Conditional Effect On Perceived Risk And Support For Military Interventions, José D. Villalobos, Cigdem V. Sirin 2017 University of Texas at El Paso

The Relevance Of Emotions In Presidential Public Appeals: Anger’S Conditional Effect On Perceived Risk And Support For Military Interventions, José D. Villalobos, Cigdem V. Sirin

José D. Villalobos

This study investigates whether and to what extent the thematic relevance of emotive stimuli embedded in presidential speeches affects people’s risk perceptions and policy support regarding military interventions in civil conflict. Conducting an experimental study with a total of 1,187 participants, we find the induction of anger via thematically relevant emotive triggers leads to higher levels of support for military interventions in civil conflict even though people’s risk perceptions—which were high across all conditions—remain unaffected. By comparison, the effects of anger on policy support observed in the thematically irrelevant condition do not differ significantly from ...


The Effects Of Parametrically Manipulating The Ratio Of Complimentary To Constructive Feedback Statements On Performance, Amanda Mentzer 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Effects Of Parametrically Manipulating The Ratio Of Complimentary To Constructive Feedback Statements On Performance, Amanda Mentzer

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Performance feedback is frequently discussed and implemented. Although shown to be quite effective, the characteristics of feedback have yet to be fully explored. Feedback ratio was explored in this study. While participants evaluated the postural safety of body positions presented on a computer screen, researchers measured the (a) number of s that it took participants to evaluate body positions (i.e., response time), (b) percent of correctly evaluated body positions (i.e., percent correct), and (c) extent to which participants appreciated the statements they received after responding (i.e., rating). Using a mixed-factorial design, researchers manipulated feedback within groups and ...


Hate Speech And The Freedom To Live, Singapore Management University 2017 Singapore Management University

Hate Speech And The Freedom To Live, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

Drawing the legal line at insult or hurt feelings could do more harm than good at maintaining religious and social tolerance


Beauty And Inequality, Singapore Management University 2017 Singapore Management University

Beauty And Inequality, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

A beautiful body opens doors in almost any society, but what constitutes a beautiful face is a matter of opinion…and racial preference


The 21st Century Woman, Singapore Management University 2017 Singapore Management University

The 21st Century Woman, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

As gender roles change, organisations and society need to adapt to maximise professional and personal fulfillment for both women and men


A Qualitative Study Of The Context Of Child And Adolescent Substance Use Initiation And Patterns Of Use In The First Year For Early And Later Initiators, Sharon Kingston, Maya Rose, Julian Cohen-Serrins, Emily Knight 2017 Dickinson College

A Qualitative Study Of The Context Of Child And Adolescent Substance Use Initiation And Patterns Of Use In The First Year For Early And Later Initiators, Sharon Kingston, Maya Rose, Julian Cohen-Serrins, Emily Knight

Faculty and Staff Publications By Year

Individuals who initiate substance use before high school are at higher risk of negative outcomes. Eighty-six young adults between the ages of 18 and 28 participated in semi-structured qualitative interviews focused on the circumstances surrounding participants’ first use of substances and their pattern of use in the year following initiation in order to investigate similarities and differences between early versus later initiators. Initiation and use among early initiators were more likely to be encouraged by poor parental monitoring or active facilitation of use by parents. Early initiators were more likely to report risky patterns of use such as daily use ...


The Mars Desert Research Station - Erau Crew 160 Expedition, Lycourgos Manolopoulos, Ashley Hollis-Bussey, Hiroki Sugimoto, Cassandra Vella, John Herman, Marc Carofano 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

The Mars Desert Research Station - Erau Crew 160 Expedition, Lycourgos Manolopoulos, Ashley Hollis-Bussey, Hiroki Sugimoto, Cassandra Vella, John Herman, Marc Carofano

Student Works

The Mars Desert Research Station (MDRS) is a research program which is owned and operated by the Mars Society. The MDRS is located in Hanksville, Utah which hosts simulations that are typically two weeks long for professional scientists and engineers as well as college students of all levels, in training for human operations specifically on Mars. This space analog facility is in isolation, allowing for rigorous field studies regarding research that represents a true mission as if the crew members are conducting a real expedition on Mars. Participants are assigned specific roles and tasks that are typically aligned with their ...


Differential Effects Of Rational And Emotional Framing On Ingroup And Outgroup Persuasion, Andrew Finnegan 2016 Seton Hall University

Differential Effects Of Rational And Emotional Framing On Ingroup And Outgroup Persuasion, Andrew Finnegan

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Ingroup and outgroup research has largely focused on why differing attitudes toward the ingroup and outgroup exist. Additionally, persuasion research has focused on the construction of persuasive messages using primarily central routes to persuasion (rational messages) more than peripheral (emotional messages) even though research does support that emotional argumentation is an effective method of persuasion. The current study sought to combine these ideas by observing the most effective method to persuade ingroup and outgroup members through rational and emotional message framing. Persuasive messages were presented to participants that 1) either favored the participant’s ingroup or outgroup and 2) used ...


Dose-Related Sex Differences In The Establishment Of Conditioned Disgust (Anticipatory Nausea), And The Effect Of Peripubertal And Adult Immune System Stimulation With The Endotoxin Lipopolysaccharide (Lps) On Learning And Memory In The Rat, Caylen J. Cloutier 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Dose-Related Sex Differences In The Establishment Of Conditioned Disgust (Anticipatory Nausea), And The Effect Of Peripubertal And Adult Immune System Stimulation With The Endotoxin Lipopolysaccharide (Lps) On Learning And Memory In The Rat, Caylen J. Cloutier

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis examined sex differences in the establishment of lithium chloride (LiCl) – induced conditioned disgust behavior (anticipatory nausea) to a distinct context, as well as, the establishment of conditioned place avoidance (CPA) using rodent models. Also examined were potential sex differences in response to treatment with the bacterial endotoxin, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and its effect on learning and memory. In Chapter 2, male and female naïve Long-Evans rats were injected (intraperitoneally; i.p.) with either 200 µg/kg LPS or 0.9% (NaCl), 90 minutes prior to i.p. injections of either 128 mg/kg LiCl or 0.9% NaCl, and ...


Correspondence Between Haptic And Visual Perception Of Stand-On-Ability: Do Hills Look As Steep As They Feel?, Jonathan Kenealy Doyon 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Correspondence Between Haptic And Visual Perception Of Stand-On-Ability: Do Hills Look As Steep As They Feel?, Jonathan Kenealy Doyon

Master's Theses

Vision and haptics play a central role in perceiving environmental layout to guide action. Hajnal, Wagman, Doyon, and Clark (2016) demonstrated that visual perception of stand-on-ability is accurate compared to action capabilities, whereas haptic perception of stand-on-ability reliably underestimates action capabilities. This finding contradicts Gibson’s (1979) theory of equivalence in perceptual systems, which suggests that perception should be equivalent regardless of modality. Previous comparisons of visual and haptic perception tested the modalities in isolation. The current experiment directly compares visual to haptic perception of stand-on-ability by using one perceptual system to estimate the other. Observers viewed a surface set ...


Effects Of Social Status On Responses To Social Defeat Stress In Female Syrian Hamsters, Ashley V. Campbell, Matthew A. Cooper 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Effects Of Social Status On Responses To Social Defeat Stress In Female Syrian Hamsters, Ashley V. Campbell, Matthew A. Cooper

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Habitat Use By Bottlenose Dolphins, Tursiops Truncatus, In Roanoke Sound, North Carolina, Shauna Marisa McBride 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Habitat Use By Bottlenose Dolphins, Tursiops Truncatus, In Roanoke Sound, North Carolina, Shauna Marisa Mcbride

Dissertations

Information on the habitat use of a species is important to develop conservation efforts and management strategies for that species. Roanoke Sound, North Carolina is primarily a seasonal habitat for bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus, from late spring to early fall, but little information is known about how dolphins use this area. Transect survey data and opportunistic survey data collected by the Outer Banks Center for Dolphin Research from 2009 to 2015 were used to analyze dolphin habitat use. The objectives of this project were to: 1) identify areas that were important to dolphins, 2) determine which behaviors were observed in ...


Animals In The Wild, Brittany Samson 2016 Brittany Samson

Animals In The Wild, Brittany Samson

The STEAM Journal

As a photographer, I am extremely interested in the concept of perception and I let this concept drive most of my artistic work. I present four images from my photographic series “Animals in the Wild,” which explore this idea of perception. These four images: Giraffe, Dinosaur, Buffalo, and Bunny—are drastically varied photos that include no real animals, but instead beg the mind to perceive shapes, colors, figure, and coincidence as an animal.


Differences In Perceptions Of Cheating Between College Students And Professors, Ying-Ruey Chuang, Andrew Voss, Di Wu 2016 Cedarville University

Differences In Perceptions Of Cheating Between College Students And Professors, Ying-Ruey Chuang, Andrew Voss, Di Wu

Di Wu, Ph.D.

The current research aimed to examine whether students and professors who cheated in the past would differ from those who did not cheat on their perceptions on the severity, percentage, and impact of cheating behavior. Data were collected from 434 students (61% female, 39% male, mean age: 19.78) and 42 professors (57% female, 43% male, mean years of experience: 17.29) through an on-line survey in a private Christian university. The current study focused on the severity, the impact, self-report, and the perceived percentage of cheating behavior in the survey. Furthermore, questions on the severity of cheating were categorized ...


Putting Parent-Subsidiary Relationships Right: Lessons From Japanese Corporate Groups, Akira MITSUMASU 2016 Singapore Management University

Putting Parent-Subsidiary Relationships Right: Lessons From Japanese Corporate Groups, Akira Mitsumasu

Asian Management Insights

How do Japanese corporate groups manage their subsidiaries?


Losing My Religion? The Impact Of Spiritual Cues On Noncognitive Skills, Daniel H. Bowen, Albert Cheng 2016 Rice University

Losing My Religion? The Impact Of Spiritual Cues On Noncognitive Skills, Daniel H. Bowen, Albert Cheng

Journal of Catholic Education

Studies consistently show that Catholic schools produce positive impacts on educational outcomes. Many charter school networks in the United States now provide, what are essentially, secularized versions of the Catholic education model. However, charter schools cannot legally replicate the overt religious curriculum and mission of Catholic schools. Although difficult to disentangle its impacts from confounding variables, research suggests that religiosity is a positive predictor of educational outcomes. This relationship might suggest that religious-based education produces effects on outcomes of public value that could be difficult to replicate in secularized contexts. To examine this question we conducted an experiment where 180 ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress