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Perfectionism And Depression In The Development Of Anorexia In Girls, 2017 Brigham Young University

Perfectionism And Depression In The Development Of Anorexia In Girls

Intuition: The BYU Undergraduate Journal in Psychology

Many factors can play a role in the development of anorexia, including genes, social issues, extreme dieting, stressful life events, personality traits, and cultural influences. However, many studies have found perfectionism and depression to be strongly correlated with the development of eating disorders. In this literature review I critique published findings and consider the limitations of published research on anorexia. I examine certain factors that play a role in the development of anorexia, as well as the relative strength of each factor, with particular attention to the characteristics of perfectionism and depression and how they interact with each other in ...


Iq: Greatly Influenced By Early Family Life, 2017 Brigham Young University

Iq: Greatly Influenced By Early Family Life

Intuition: The BYU Undergraduate Journal in Psychology

For many years, psychologists and researchers have been interested in the nature and nurture debate with regards to IQ. Some have claimed that IQ is something that can be passed on through genetics and is an inherited trait. Others have declared that IQ level is not something passed on through genetics, but rather something determined by experiences one has in his or her life. This review was created to discuss how a child's IQ may be affected by early family life, a factor that requires more attention in the literature. This report will discuss how early child-parent experiences, intimate ...


Self-Worth In The Development And Treatment Of Eating Disorders, 2017 Brigham Young University

Self-Worth In The Development And Treatment Of Eating Disorders

Intuition: The BYU Undergraduate Journal in Psychology

Eating Disorders (EDs) involve a consuming drive for thinness. They cause significant physical and psychosocial impairment. A core commonality between EDs is the overvaluation of body weight and shape as a measure of selfworth. The purpose of this paper is to review the importance of self-worth perception in the development and treatment of EDs in women and girls. Women and girls with EDs tend to believe their worth comes from body weight and shape, as opposed to intrinsic sources. Self-worth can interact with other factors such as relationships, body dissatisfaction, and perfectionism in ED development. A major goal of treatment ...


Effects Of Media Use On Mental Health Among Adolescents And Emerging Adults, 2017 Brigham Young University

Effects Of Media Use On Mental Health Among Adolescents And Emerging Adults

Intuition: The BYU Undergraduate Journal in Psychology

Media, such as the use of the internet and watching television, allows for quick communication between people, but overexposure to such media is correlated with social anxiety and clinical depression (Becker, Alzahabi, & Hopwood, 2013; Dalbudak et al., 2013; Dittmar, 1994; McNaughton-Cassill, 2001). Media usage is pervasive in our society, especially among adolescents and college students (Dittmar, 1994; Rideout, Foehr, & Roberts, 2010; Romer, Bagdasarov, & More, 2013). Symptoms of these mental illnesses are correlated with all forms of media, and can be influenced by the content of the media as well (Madan, Mrug, & Wright, 2013). Excess use of such media among adolescents and college students correlates ...


Front Matter 11.1, 2017 Brigham Young University

Front Matter 11.1

Intuition: The BYU Undergraduate Journal in Psychology

No abstract provided.


Understanding An Organization’S Culture Through Its Stories, Chris Cummings, Alex Lavidge 2017 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Understanding An Organization’S Culture Through Its Stories, Chris Cummings, Alex Lavidge

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Stories shared either publicly or privately within work environments influence schemata that in turn can affect employee performance. These myriad stories may include how a problem was solved, how productivity was increased on a particular task, or in less positive instances whom is to blame for an unmet expectation. Such stories may also serve to illustrate how and why employees find meaning in their work and/or the broader organization and its mission. This presentation will begin by exploring academic research regarding how the culmination of these stories about the past, present, and future predictions can shape both positive and ...


Time After Time: Creating A Culture Of Development By Assessing At Multiple Times, Emilie Seyfang, Sydney L. Reichin, Kali Thompson, Jessie McClure, Mark Frame 2017 Middle Tennessee State University

Time After Time: Creating A Culture Of Development By Assessing At Multiple Times, Emilie Seyfang, Sydney L. Reichin, Kali Thompson, Jessie Mcclure, Mark Frame

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Organizations that promote a culture of learning and development among their employees are more likely to adapt and remain afloat in the turbulent environment in which most business are facing today. This symposium will discuss how assessing employee performance using varied methods and at different times can help to create culture change over time. The symposium will address the implementation of these methods as well as help practitioners to better understand the implications of changing assessment scores form time-one to time-two. The symposium will address the processes and the obstacles involved with using individual assessments to create long term change ...


Creating The Context For Effective Culture Work, Matthew Berberich 2017 The Clorox Company

Creating The Context For Effective Culture Work, Matthew Berberich

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

A culture that embraces change, responds quickly to changing needs and connects everyone at every level as business owners is an exciting future for companies and employees. In this culture leaders learn to unleash the unique potential in each individual to solve problems never solved before. The opportunity for positive impact goes far beyond our daily work. It spills into every area of our lives and in tangible ways impacts the world. Performance metrics and engagement only put you in line for this door to the future. The door can get locked when organizations become lulled into thinking “good-enough” by ...


Rape Culture And The Workplace: How Do We Change It?, Alexandra Zelin 2017 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Rape Culture And The Workplace: How Do We Change It?, Alexandra Zelin

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

A recent focal article submitted by Cortina et al. (2017) to the Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice journal discusses the need for workplace literature to move away from victim precipitation. Essentially, we as I-O Psychologists need to follow the path of researchers in areas such as criminology and stop placing blame on the victims for being recipients of certain behaviors. The problem with this sentiment is that if we do not measure others’ perceptions of victim behavior in our research we are effectively ignoring the realities of workplace culture, especially when it comes to sexual harassment ...


Making It Stick: The Secret To Developing A Data-Driven Culture, Cheryl Nickel, Lorin Farr, Aimee Wood, Shawn Bergman, Christopher J. L. Cunningham 2017 Appalachian State University

Making It Stick: The Secret To Developing A Data-Driven Culture, Cheryl Nickel, Lorin Farr, Aimee Wood, Shawn Bergman, Christopher J. L. Cunningham

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Big data and analytics has been recognized as fundamental to an organization’s success has consistently identified as one of top 10 Workforce Trends in recent years. One of the final steps in an analytics or applied research project is deployment where a solution is integrated into business practices. Without cultural acceptance, however, organizations risk missing out on the full impact that data and evidence-based practices can deliver. Even with data and analytics solutions deployed in business procedures, employees may still make decisions based on hunches and instinct. In order to harness the full potential of data analytics, organizations need ...


Comparing The Accuracy Of Decision Trees And Logistic Regression In Personnel Selection, Kyle Marks 2017 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Comparing The Accuracy Of Decision Trees And Logistic Regression In Personnel Selection, Kyle Marks

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

The current study aims to compare the accuracy of decision trees to logistic regression in a personnel selection context. To make this comparison, two studies are proposed. The first study uses simulated applicant data. For each applicant, there will be a cognitive ability score, conscientiousness rating, and a structured interview score. Job performance will be simulated as a function of the simulated scores. Additionally, different selection ratios will be applied to the simulated data to mimic how organizations select applicants and to determine whether the selection ratio has an impact on the accuracy of each analytic approach. A second purpose ...


Perceived Work Life Balance: Exploring The Influence Of Cultural Experience On Work Life Balance Perceptions, Alexis McCoy, David Earnest 2017 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Perceived Work Life Balance: Exploring The Influence Of Cultural Experience On Work Life Balance Perceptions, Alexis Mccoy, David Earnest

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Much like the typical employee, college students are often involved in a multitude of activities beyond the classroom that make maintaining work life balance challenging. Research suggests that cultural exposure may influence an individual’s quality of work life perceptions. The present study aims to explore the impact of cultural experience, such as study abroad and international partner conversations, on the individual’s perception of their work life balance and the work life balance of others. Participants will first provide information regarding current work life balance, and cultural exposure, then they will be presented with employee vignettes, and finally, they ...


Retesting In A Promotional Process: Amount Of Time Between Tests Accounting For Magnitude Of Score Increases, Sydney L. Reichin, Mark C. Frame, Alexander T. Jackson, Michael Hein 2017 Middle Tennessee State University

Retesting In A Promotional Process: Amount Of Time Between Tests Accounting For Magnitude Of Score Increases, Sydney L. Reichin, Mark C. Frame, Alexander T. Jackson, Michael Hein

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

There are many reasons why an applicant may retake a selection test, whether it’s due to reasons outside of their control or perhaps their first test administration was unsuccessful. Research has shown that scores generally increase when applicants retake a test. However, research on situational judgment tests and in-basket simulations have been overshadowed by research on admissions tests, cognitive ability tests, and personality tests. Further, much research has focused on retesting effects during the initial selection process, but the current research aims to shed light on retesting effects during the promotional process. The literature shows conflicting findings regarding time ...


Cross Cultural Examination Of Applicant Reactions To Social Media Screening, Yasmin Ayala-Johnson, Yalcin Acikgoz, Ezgi Demircioglu, Canan Sumer 2017 Appalachian State University

Cross Cultural Examination Of Applicant Reactions To Social Media Screening, Yasmin Ayala-Johnson, Yalcin Acikgoz, Ezgi Demircioglu, Canan Sumer

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

With the popularity of social media on the rise, it is no surprise that organizations are beginning to use social networking sites SNS to screen applicants in the hiring process. However, the use of SNS screening may lead to negative outcomes in terms of applicant reactions to selection practices (Stoughton, Thompson, & Meade, 2015). With many companies becoming more and more internationalized, and the possibility of negative reactions to SNS screening potentially not being exclusive to applicants based in the U.S., studies examining applicant reactions in different cultural settings is needed. Accordingly, a cross-cultural study was developed to compare applicant ...


Applicant Reactions To Artificial Intelligence In The Selection Process, Hannah Booth, Katie Maness, Logan Ellis, Thorpe Daley, Yasmin Ayala-johnson, William Hodes, Nile Latowsky, Nkem Obi-Melekwe, Yalcin Acikgoz 2017 Appalachian State University

Applicant Reactions To Artificial Intelligence In The Selection Process, Hannah Booth, Katie Maness, Logan Ellis, Thorpe Daley, Yasmin Ayala-Johnson, William Hodes, Nile Latowsky, Nkem Obi-Melekwe, Yalcin Acikgoz

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

The use of advanced technology such as artificial intelligence (AI) in the selection process has become an increasingly popular practice within organizations. However, little research has examined how applicants react to these new procedures and how those reactions may affect outcomes such as perceptions of fairness, organizational attraction, and job pursuit intentions. Previous research has suggested that the use of technology in the selection process may lead to more negative outcomes when compared to using traditional selection procedures such as face-to-face interviewing. The purpose of this study is to examine applicant reactions to the use of advanced decision-making technologies in ...


The Impact Of Supervisor Gender On Employee's Job Satisfaction, Cody Brumbelow, Janeli Bercerra, Erin Cook, Caroline Wilson 2017 Dalton State College

The Impact Of Supervisor Gender On Employee's Job Satisfaction, Cody Brumbelow, Janeli Bercerra, Erin Cook, Caroline Wilson

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

It is a commonly held notion that there is gender inequality throughout the workforce. There is factual evidence such as salary differences between men and women that supports this claim. In the past, a misconception had developed that men are better suited for executive, leading roles, which also offers an explanation to the differences in wages. In modern times, we understand these differences in gender do not hold up to scientific scrutiny. Our purpose in this research is to continue to dispel the myth that men are better suited for power positions in the workforce and push for further progress ...


Self-Assessments Of Decision Making Under Stress In A Flight Operations Center Simulation, Jessi Pope, Dr. Michael Hein 2017 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Self-Assessments Of Decision Making Under Stress In A Flight Operations Center Simulation, Jessi Pope, Dr. Michael Hein

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Past research has demonstrated individuals’ lack the ability to accurately self-assess their competencies in comparison to external assessments (Davis et al., 2006). Other research has explored various factors that contribute to individuals being able to adequately predict their performance on a task, such as self-concept, prior task experience, and actual task performance (Davis, Fedor, Parsons, & Herold, 2000). The aim of this research is to examine the impact of participation in a flight operations center simulation on individuals’ self-perceptions of their ability to make decisions under stress. Prior to and after participating in three simulations, where teams of senior aerospace students ...


Promotion Recommendations Of All Sizes, Jeanette Badar, Judith Van Hein 2017 Middle Tennessee State University

Promotion Recommendations Of All Sizes, Jeanette Badar, Judith Van Hein

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

This study investigates weight stereotypes on promotion decisions. Previous research has focused on obesity stereotypes in the workplace regarding weight discrimination, when comparing average weight individuals to overweight and/or obese individuals. However, research has not investigated weight discrimination in the workplace setting for very thin individuals as compared to overweight individuals. Additionally, very little research has been conducted regarding weight discrimination on promotion decision-making. Based on previous research, this study hypothesizes: (1) Overweight promotional candidates will be discriminated against at a higher rate than thin promotional candidates; (2) Based on the similarity-attraction theory, thin individuals will be more likely ...


A Noble Task: Testing An Operational Model Of Clergy Occupational Health, Drake Terry, Christopher J. L. Cunningham, Ralph W. Hood, Kristen J. Black 2017 The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

A Noble Task: Testing An Operational Model Of Clergy Occupational Health, Drake Terry, Christopher J. L. Cunningham, Ralph W. Hood, Kristen J. Black

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

In many ways, clergy and religious leaders are an ignored yet high-risk population. In their efforts to ensure the spiritual well-being of their congregations, clergy frequently neglect their own well-being, resulting in stress and burnout, which then can lead to impaired health. This neglect often extends to clergy’s family and congregation. Church members typically seek help from clergy to cope with the loss of loved ones, life crises, and other general life stressors. A clergy member unable to cope with these same challenges in his or her own life may be ineffective at helping church members to cope with ...


Adding Vs. Averaging: How Do Job Applicants Evaluate Job Attributes?, Kirsten Montanari, Yalcin Acikgoz, Brian Thomas, Connor Treyball 2017 Appalachian State University

Adding Vs. Averaging: How Do Job Applicants Evaluate Job Attributes?, Kirsten Montanari, Yalcin Acikgoz, Brian Thomas, Connor Treyball

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Successful recruitment efforts are increasingly important in a competitive job market, where job seekers are exposed to a wealth of opportunities, and employers must provide valuable information to attract talented individuals. Popular job search engines contain thousands of available positions, which allow job seekers to scan and decide which postings align with their goals and expectations. The purpose of this study is to investigate the ways in which applicants evaluate job postings, which by their nature contain information regarding multiple attributes of a job. This will be accomplished by investigating how job candidates combine their evaluations of each attribute to ...


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