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The King Of Kong: A Fistful Of Quarters, Gordon B. Schmidt 2016 Indiana University - Purdue University Fort Wayne

The King Of Kong: A Fistful Of Quarters, Gordon B. Schmidt

Organizational Leadership and Supervision Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Value Congruence And Unethical Decision-Making: The Dark Side Of Person-Organization Fit, Chad C. Parson 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Value Congruence And Unethical Decision-Making: The Dark Side Of Person-Organization Fit, Chad C. Parson

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Unethical decision-making (UDM) in organizations is a topic with a long history in practice and a short history in research. The purpose of this dissertation was to explore whether individual and organizational values interacted to predict Person-Organization Fit (P-O Fit) and UDM. Across two studies I tested the idea that individuals would report better P-O Fit in caring ethical climates to the degree that they reported greater trait empathy, and better P-O Fit in instrumental ethical climates to the degree that they reported greater levels of the Dark Triad traits. I also tested the idea that better P-O Fit would ...


The Effects Of Goal Orientation And Learning Strategies On Managerial Job Performance, Raphael Y. Prager 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Effects Of Goal Orientation And Learning Strategies On Managerial Job Performance, Raphael Y. Prager

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The purpose of this study was to test a theoretical model of the role of informal managerial learning processes in predicting job performance. Using Goal Orientation (GO) as a framework, this study tested the relationships between dispositional GO, learning strategies, and organizational and managerial support in relation to job performance. Participants were 143 employees across several global regions in an insurance firm. Overall, path analyses indicated that dispositional mastery GO was positively associated with learning strategies and job performance. Contrary to hypotheses, the learning strategies did not positively predict job performance. Differential effects were found for the influence of organizational ...


Understanding The Glass Cliff Effect: Why Are Female Leaders Being Pushed Toward The Edge?, Yael S. Oelbaum 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Understanding The Glass Cliff Effect: Why Are Female Leaders Being Pushed Toward The Edge?, Yael S. Oelbaum

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The glass cliff effect describes a real-world phenomenon in which women are more likely to be appointed to precarious leadership positions in poorly performing organizations, while men are more likely to be appointed to stable leadership positions in successful organizations (Ryan & Haslam, 2005). This effect represents a subtle, yet dangerous, form of gender discrimination that may limit workplace diversity as well as women’s ability to become successful leaders. Importantly, research exploring why women are preferred for more perilous leadership positions is lacking. The main focus of this dissertation is to systematically organize previous theory and empirically examine processes underlying ...


Quality Improvement And Safety In Healthcare: Reflections On Essential Frameworks To Guide Applied Scholarship That Promotes Transformation And Innovation, Angelo P. Giardino MD, PhD, MPH 2016 SVP/Chief Quality Officer Texas Children's Hospital Professor & Section Head Academic General Pediatrics Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX

Quality Improvement And Safety In Healthcare: Reflections On Essential Frameworks To Guide Applied Scholarship That Promotes Transformation And Innovation, Angelo P. Giardino Md, Phd, Mph

Journal of Nursing & Interprofessional Leadership in Quality & Safety

The publication of the inaugural issue of the Journal of Nursing and Interprofessional Leadership in Quality and Safety (JONILQS) is a unique milestone that is the culmination of visionary leadership, scholarly effort, and keen attention to the many tasks necessary to launch a journal. The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston’s School of Nursing launches this journal to address the focus on quality and safety initiatives and research that helps to make the health care we provide safer and better. This journal seeks to highlight practical work from the field that will change things for the better ...


Developing The Improving Post-Event Analysis And Communication Together (Impact) Tool To Involve Patients And Families In Post-Event Analysis, Madelene J. Ottosen PhD, RN, Emily W. Sedlock MPH, Aitebureme O. Aigbe DrPH, Jason M. Etchegaray PhD, Sigall K. Bell MD, Thomas H. Gallagher MD, Eric J. Thomas MD, MPH 2016 University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, School of Nursing University of Texas – Memorial Hermann Center for Healthcare Quality and Safety, McGovern Medical School

Developing The Improving Post-Event Analysis And Communication Together (Impact) Tool To Involve Patients And Families In Post-Event Analysis, Madelene J. Ottosen Phd, Rn, Emily W. Sedlock Mph, Aitebureme O. Aigbe Drph, Jason M. Etchegaray Phd, Sigall K. Bell Md, Thomas H. Gallagher Md, Eric J. Thomas Md, Mph

Journal of Nursing & Interprofessional Leadership in Quality & Safety

The analysis of harmful errors is typically led by a team within the hospital and includes clinicians and staff who were involved at the time of the event. However, the patient and family are often left out of this process and are not asked to participate in the investigation. Because little guidance is available for facilitating patient input, an interprofessional team convened to develop a semi-structured tool to be used in eliciting patient feedback. Some 72 persons who had experienced adverse events were interviewed. Using a thematic analysis approach, the team learned that 51% of the interviewees preferred to participate ...


From The Editors-In-Chief, Joanne V. Hickey PhD, RN, ACNP, FAAN, FCCM, Eileen R. Giardino PhD, RN, APRN, FNP 2016 University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, School of Nursing

From The Editors-In-Chief, Joanne V. Hickey Phd, Rn, Acnp, Faan, Fccm, Eileen R. Giardino Phd, Rn, Aprn, Fnp

Journal of Nursing & Interprofessional Leadership in Quality & Safety

The Co-editors in chief welcome The Journal of Nursing & Interprofessional Leadership in Quality and Safety to state what the purpose of the journal is and why it is important for this journal to start.


Environmental Ingredients For Disaster: Developing And Validating The Alvarado Work Environment Scale Of Toxicity, Claudia Alvarado 2016 California State University - San Bernardino

Environmental Ingredients For Disaster: Developing And Validating The Alvarado Work Environment Scale Of Toxicity, Claudia Alvarado

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Leadership has been a much studied area within industrial and organizational psychology. Recently, scholars have begun to focus on the negative side of leadership; however, a lack of research has limited our understanding of toxic leadership. One step forward in this domain has been the development of the toxic triangle, which posits that toxic leaders are aided by toxic followers with a toxic environment. Although the leader has been studied within this triangle, relatively little has been researched regarding the follower or the environment. Specifically, that there has been a lack of research in the organizational environment that allows the ...


Getting To The Heart Of It: Commitment At Work, Grace Cormier 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Getting To The Heart Of It: Commitment At Work, Grace Cormier

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Individuals are looking for purpose-driven work that resonates with who they are, is satisfying, and engaging. At the same time, organizations, necessarily driven by concerns over making profit, are looking to hire individuals who show up, perform consistently, and who have the organization’s best interests in mind. Though conceivably incongruent, what individuals and organizations are seeking is not dissimilar. Instead, when employees find work they can personally identify with and commit to, they are more likely to go above and beyond the call of duty, even when no one is watching. However, not all forms of commitment are created ...


Goal Alignment: Construct Development And Measurement Of A Moderator Of Commitment, Jose A. Espinoza 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Goal Alignment: Construct Development And Measurement Of A Moderator Of Commitment, Jose A. Espinoza

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Previous research has provided evidence that commitment to one target can have implications for outcomes of relevance to another. In this research, I propose a construct, goal alignment, to help explain these crossover effects. I also develop a scale to assess goal alignment, the target-free Goal Alignment Measure (GAM), and investigate its moderating effects as they pertain to organizational and occupational commitment. Two studies were conducted in this research, an experimental vignette design with a student population and a survey study with full-time employees. Results provide support for the psychometric quality of the GAM but mixed support for goal alignment ...


Interview With Dr. George H. Hoemann Assistant Dean, Chair Of Commission For Lgbt People, Donna Marie Braquet, James Roger Weaver 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Interview With Dr. George H. Hoemann Assistant Dean, Chair Of Commission For Lgbt People, Donna Marie Braquet, James Roger Weaver

Roger Weaver

Dr. George H. Hoemann is Assistant Dean for Distance Education and holds the Ph.D. in American Constitutional-Legal History from Rice University (1982) and the M.S.L.S. from the University of Tennessee (1995). His publications include What God Hath Wrought: the Embodiment of Freedom in the Thirteenth Amendment as well as assistant or associate editor on numerous volumes of the Papers of John Marshall, the Papers of Thomas Jefferson and the Papers of Andrew Jackson. He is the co-author and maintainer of the American Civil War Homepage (http://sunsite.utk.edu/civil-war), an award-winning gateway to online materials ...


Interview With Jenny Moshak, Donna Marie Braquet, James Roger Weaver 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Interview With Jenny Moshak, Donna Marie Braquet, James Roger Weaver

Roger Weaver

Jenny Moshak is in her 21st year with the Lady Vols. She directs all sports medicine, athletic training, rehabilitation, strength and conditioning of the players on the eleven women’s teams at UT and continues to work directly with basketball, traveling with the team. Moshak’s vision led to the creation of Team ENHANCE, an unique program which creates a healthy culture for the Lady Vol student-athletes so they can achieve personal bests in their sports and in their lives. Under her leadership, the Women’s Athletics Department established the program to assist student-athletes in the nutritional, mental and emotional ...


I'Ve Got Your Back: Utilizing Improv As A Tool To Enhance Workplace Relationships, Jordana Cole 2016 University of Pennsylvania

I'Ve Got Your Back: Utilizing Improv As A Tool To Enhance Workplace Relationships, Jordana Cole

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

As the average American adult spends more time at work than anywhere else, the workplace, and the relationships built therein, plays a key role in overall well-being. With this in mind, many organizations dedicate significant time and resources to improve employee well-being, often in the form of fun, social events. In recent years, improvisational comedy, or improv, has emerged as a popular teambuilding activity due to its foundations in play, spontaneity, and trust. However, improv is more than just fun and laughs. Beyond merely being an energizing teambuilding event, I argue that improv has the ability to generate positive social ...


A Public-Domain Personality Item Bank For Use With The Raymark, Schmit, And Guion (1997) Pprf, Scott Highhouse, Michael J. Zickar, Margaret E. Brooks, Charlie L. Reeve, Shreya T. Sarkar-Barney, Robert M. Guion 2016 Bowling Green State University

A Public-Domain Personality Item Bank For Use With The Raymark, Schmit, And Guion (1997) Pprf, Scott Highhouse, Michael J. Zickar, Margaret E. Brooks, Charlie L. Reeve, Shreya T. Sarkar-Barney, Robert M. Guion

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

Presented is the development of a repository of work-related personality items that may be used to assess job-related traits identified by the Personality-Related Position Requirements Form (PPRF: Raymark, Schmit, & Guion, 1997). Analyses of the item pool administered to a sample (n = 412) of trade apprentices showed evidence to support the12 work-related Big 5 sub-dimensions identified by the PPRF. A smaller validity study (n = 47) suggested that personality dimensions identified as job-related by the PPRF were related to important job-related outcomes.


Threat Of Technological Unemployment: Are Hiring Managers Discounted For Using Standardized Employee Selection Practices?, Kevin P. Nolan, Nathan T. Carter, Dev K. Dalal 2016 Hofstra University

Threat Of Technological Unemployment: Are Hiring Managers Discounted For Using Standardized Employee Selection Practices?, Kevin P. Nolan, Nathan T. Carter, Dev K. Dalal

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

Two studies were conducted to examine the tenability of Meehl’s (1986) “threat of technological unemployment” explanation for why practitioners of employee selection resist using standardized decision-making practices. The results of Study 1 support the existence of this threat by demonstrating that practitioners received less credit for the outcomes of employment decisions when structured rather than unstructured interviews were used to evaluate candidates and analytical rather than holistic data combination was used to determine candidates’ overall evaluations. The results of Study 2 support the influence of this threat on employee selection by demonstrating that practitioners recognized the effects using the ...


Cheating On Unproctored Internet Intelligence Tests: Strategies And Effects, Wim Bloemers, Arjan Oud, Karen van Dam 2016 Open Universiteit Nederland

Cheating On Unproctored Internet Intelligence Tests: Strategies And Effects, Wim Bloemers, Arjan Oud, Karen Van Dam

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

A crucial issue concerning unproctored Internet-based testing (UIT) of cognitive ability is its susceptibility to cheating. Whereas evidence indicates that cheating during UIT occurs, there is still little information about possible cheating strategies and their effects on (sub)test performance. Using a randomized experimental design, this study investigated the direct effects of cheating on an Internet-based test of cognitive ability by comparing test performance of cheaters (participants who were instructed to cheat) and successful cheaters (participants who thought their cheating had been successful) with that of non-cheaters. Successful cheaters obtained substantially higher scores compared to cheaters who thought they had ...


Technology In The Employment Interview: A Meta-Analysis And Future Research Agenda, Nikki Blacksmith, Jon C. Willford, Tara S. Behrend 2016 The George Washington University

Technology In The Employment Interview: A Meta-Analysis And Future Research Agenda, Nikki Blacksmith, Jon C. Willford, Tara S. Behrend

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

The use of technology such as telephone and video has become common when conducting employment interviews. However, little is known about how technology affects applicant reactions and interviewer ratings. We conducted meta-analyses of twelve studies that resulted in K=13 unique samples and N=1,557. Mean effect sizes for interview medium on ratings (d=-.41) and reactions (d=-.36) were moderate and negative, suggesting that interviewer ratings and applicant reactions are lower in technology-mediated interviews. Generalizing research findings from face-to-face interviews to technology-mediated interviews is inappropriate. Organizations should be especially wary of varying interview mode across applicants, as inconsistency ...


Individual Differences Predicting Impression Management Detection In Job Interviews, Nicolas Roulin 2016 University of Manitoba

Individual Differences Predicting Impression Management Detection In Job Interviews, Nicolas Roulin

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

Applicant impression management (IM), and especially its deceptive side (i.e., faking), has been described as a potential threat to the validity of employment interviews. This threat was confirmed by evidence of interviewers’ inability to detect (deceptive) IM tactics. Previous studies suggested that some interviewers could be better IM detectors than others, but did not examine the reasons explaining higher abilities. Building on interpersonal deception theory, this study explores individual differences in cognitions (i.e., cognitive ability) and social sensitivity (associated with generalized trust and honesty) as predictors of IM detection abilities. Results of a study with 250 individuals suggest ...


Putting Spearman's Hypothesis To Work: Job Iq As A Predictor Of Employee Racial Composition, Bryan J. Pesta, Peter Poznanski 2016 Cleveland State University

Putting Spearman's Hypothesis To Work: Job Iq As A Predictor Of Employee Racial Composition, Bryan J. Pesta, Peter Poznanski

Business Faculty Publications

Job complexity and employee intelligence covary strongly. Likewise, race differences exist on mean IQ / g scores. Spearman’s hypothesis predicts that race differences on cognitive tests are mainly g differences, and that the former should covary with how well mental tests measure the latter. Here we use jobs as “mental tests,” and predict that as job IQ increases, the percent of White and Asian workers will increase, while the percent of Black workers will decrease. We found moderate to strong support for Spearman’s hypothesis across these three racial groups. We also found a very large correlation (.86) between job ...


International Trade Effects Of Regional Economic Integration In Africa: The Case Of The Southern African Development Community (Sadc), Mengesha Yayo, Sisay Asefa 2016 Addis Ababa Science and Technology University

International Trade Effects Of Regional Economic Integration In Africa: The Case Of The Southern African Development Community (Sadc), Mengesha Yayo, Sisay Asefa

International Journal of African Development

Empirical studies on regional economic integration process in Africa exhibit sluggish progress, and there by limited level of intra-trade. The existing literature in Africa, particularly in the Southern African regional integration bloc, has neglected the effects of regional economic integration dealing with disaggregated data. This study analyzes trade creation and diversion effects of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) using disaggregated data. The investigation estimates an augmented gravity model using panel data and random effect estimator methods applying instrumental variables where needed.

The results show that intra-SADC trade is growing in the fuel and minerals and the heavy manufacturing sectors ...


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