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Estrogen Disruption Of Hypothalamic Neural Activity, Princess Dickson 2021 Cal Poly Humboldt

Estrogen Disruption Of Hypothalamic Neural Activity, Princess Dickson

Cal Poly Humboldt theses and projects

The brain is highly dependent on the endocrine system for proper neurodevelopment, as it plays a key role in many biological processes. Bisphenol A is a chemical found in plastics that has the potential to mimic the effects of Estrogen in the body, at least weakly. People interact with plastic that contains BPA regularly, and people are at risk for exposure even before being born. The abundance of BPA, along with other exogenous estrogens, makes examining the relationship between early exposure and changes in brain activity imperative. The current study aims to establish a relationship between disrupted estrogen function and …


Rapid Golgi Stain For Dendritic Spine Visualization In Hippocampus And Prefrontal Cortex, Maya Frankfurt, Rachel E. Bowman 2021 Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine

Rapid Golgi Stain For Dendritic Spine Visualization In Hippocampus And Prefrontal Cortex, Maya Frankfurt, Rachel E. Bowman

Psychology Faculty Publications

Golgi impregnation, using the Golgi staining kit with minor adaptations, is used to impregnate dendritic spines in the rat hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex. This technique is a marked improvement over previous methods of Golgi impregnation because the premixed chemicals are safer to use, neurons are consistently well impregnated, there is far less background debris, and for a given region, there are extremely small deviations in spine density between experiments. Moreover, brains can be accumulated after a certain point and kept frozen until further processing. Using this method any brain region of interest can be studied. Once stained and cover …


Bow Lake (Station 3 - Bennett) 2021 Water Quality Highlight Report, Amanda McQuaid, Robert Craycraft 2021 University of New Hampshire, Durham

Bow Lake (Station 3 - Bennett) 2021 Water Quality Highlight Report, Amanda Mcquaid, Robert Craycraft

UNH Cooperative Extension

A Water Quality Highlight Report by UNH CE Lakes Lay Monitoring Program for Bow Lake, Station 3 Bennett (Barrington and Northwood, NH) for 2021.


Bow Lake (Station 1 - Ledges) 2021 Water Quality Highlight Report, Amanda McQuaid, Robert Craycraft 2021 University of New Hampshire, Durham

Bow Lake (Station 1 - Ledges) 2021 Water Quality Highlight Report, Amanda Mcquaid, Robert Craycraft

UNH Cooperative Extension

A Water Quality Highlight Report by UNH CE Lakes Lay Monitoring Program for Bow Lake, Station 1 Ledges (Barrington and Northwood, NH) for 2021.


Baboosic Lake 2021 Water Quality Highlight Report, Amanda McQuaid, Robert Craycraft 2021 University of New Hampshire, Durham

Baboosic Lake 2021 Water Quality Highlight Report, Amanda Mcquaid, Robert Craycraft

UNH Cooperative Extension

A Water Quality Highlight Report by UNH CE Lakes Lay Monitoring Program for Baboosic Lake (Amherst and Merrimack, NH) for 2021.


Province Lake 2021 Water Quality Highlight Report, Amanda McQuaid, Robert Craycraft 2021 University of New Hampshire, Durham

Province Lake 2021 Water Quality Highlight Report, Amanda Mcquaid, Robert Craycraft

UNH Cooperative Extension

A Water Quality Highlight Report by UNH CE Lakes Lay Monitoring Program for Province Lake (Wakefield, NH and Parsonsfield, ME) for 2021.


Pine River Pond 2021 Water Quality Highlight Report, Amanda McQuaid, Robert Craycraft 2021 University of New Hampshire, Durham

Pine River Pond 2021 Water Quality Highlight Report, Amanda Mcquaid, Robert Craycraft

UNH Cooperative Extension

No abstract provided.


Lake Ivanhoe 2021 Water Quality Highlight Report, Amanda McQuaid, Robert Craycraft 2021 University of New Hampshire, Durham

Lake Ivanhoe 2021 Water Quality Highlight Report, Amanda Mcquaid, Robert Craycraft

UNH Cooperative Extension

A Water Quality Highlight Report by UNH CE Lakes Lay Monitoring Program for Lake Ivanhoe (Wakefield, NH) for sampling efforts in 2021.


Lovell Lake 2021 Water Quality Highlight Report, Amanda McQuaid, Robert Craycraft 2021 University of New Hampshire, Durham

Lovell Lake 2021 Water Quality Highlight Report, Amanda Mcquaid, Robert Craycraft

UNH Cooperative Extension

A Water Quality Highlight Report by UNH CE Lakes Lay Monitoring Program for Lovell Lake (Sanbornville, NH) for sampling efforts in 2021.


Belleau Lake 2021 Water Quality Highlight Report, Amanda McQuaid, Robert Craycraft 2021 University of New Hampshire, Durham

Belleau Lake 2021 Water Quality Highlight Report, Amanda Mcquaid, Robert Craycraft

UNH Cooperative Extension

A Water Quality Highlight Report by UNH CE Lakes Lay Monitoring Program for Belleau Lake in Wakefield, NH for 2021.


Great East Lake 2021 Water Quality Highlight Report, Amanda McQuaid, Robert Craycraft 2021 University of New Hampshire, Durham

Great East Lake 2021 Water Quality Highlight Report, Amanda Mcquaid, Robert Craycraft

UNH Cooperative Extension

A Water Quality Highlight Report by UNH CE Lakes Lay Monitoring Program for Great East Lake (Wakefield, NH; Acton , ME) for sampling efforts in 2021.


Balch Pond 2021 Water Quality Highlight Report, Amanda McQuaid, Robert Craycraft 2021 University of New Hampshire, Durham

Balch Pond 2021 Water Quality Highlight Report, Amanda Mcquaid, Robert Craycraft

UNH Cooperative Extension

A Water Quality Highlight Report by UNH CE Lakes Lay Monitoring Program for Balch Pond (Wakefield, NH; Acton and Newfield, ME) for sampling efforts up to 2021.


Single-Fluorophore Sensors For Mechanical Force In Living Cells, Sarah Kricheff 2020 University of Connecticut

Single-Fluorophore Sensors For Mechanical Force In Living Cells, Sarah Kricheff

Honors Scholar Theses

Mechanotransduction is the process by which a mechanical stimulus is converted to a cellular signal. This process is heavily influential of cell morphology, differentiation, and behavior. However, altered levels of mechanical stimuli are also found in many pathological contexts. For example, cancerous cells have stiffer surrounding tissue than healthy cells, and research suggests that this alters cell behavior and promotes metastasis. Despite these findings, the cellular processes behind these signaling alterations remain widely unknown. Understanding these cascades is critical, as involved proteins can give us a deeper understanding of the role of mechanotransduction, and certain proteins can potentially be targeted …


Exposing Lettuce Plants To Cyanobacteria In A Closed Hydroponics System To Reduce Cyanobacterial Growth And Production, Emily Eberly 2020 Bowling Green State University

Exposing Lettuce Plants To Cyanobacteria In A Closed Hydroponics System To Reduce Cyanobacterial Growth And Production, Emily Eberly

Honors Projects

Sandusky Bay is largely populated by cyanobacterial algal blooms, mainly formed by Planktothrix. Fertilizers containing nitrogen and phosphorus run from agricultural lands into the bay, building up excess nutrients forming eutrophic waters. The Planktothrix feed off these nutrients and grow into algal blooms. To determine a potential solution to the growth of these blooms, I implemented a hydroponics system involving Lactuca Sativa for analysis of Planktothrix growth and productivity. Four different nutrient conditions were added to a Planktothrix-only solution and a solution growing Planktothrix with the lettuce in the hydroponics system. The four conditions consisted of no nutrient …


A Context-Forward In Vivo Functional Genomics Platform For Target Discovery And Establishing Vulnerability Context In Pancreatic Cancer, Johnathon Rose, Johnathon Lynn Rose 2020 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

A Context-Forward In Vivo Functional Genomics Platform For Target Discovery And Establishing Vulnerability Context In Pancreatic Cancer, Johnathon Rose, Johnathon Lynn Rose

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a highly aggressive malignancy with a very poor patient prognosis (5-year survival of ≤ 7%). While transcriptional profiling has aided in the classification of this disease into at least two broader subtypes, this alone has so far been insufficient to inform on more nuanced patterns of oncogenic dependency. We hypothesized that a more comprehensive and granular characterization of PDAC disease diversity is required to establish relevant context for targeted therapy. To this end, we sought to establish an integrated platform to: i) more comprehensively characterize differential oncogenic signaling across our tumor models, and ii) establish …


Sgx-Mr: Regulating Dataflows For Protecting Access Patterns Of Data-Intensive Sgx Applications, A.K.M. Mubashwir Alam, Sagar Sharma, Keke Chen 2020 Marquette University

Sgx-Mr: Regulating Dataflows For Protecting Access Patterns Of Data-Intensive Sgx Applications, A.K.M. Mubashwir Alam, Sagar Sharma, Keke Chen

Clinical Lab Sciences Faculty Research and Publications

Intel SGX has been a popular trusted execution environment (TEE) for protecting the integrity and confidentiality of applications running on untrusted platforms such as cloud. However, the access patterns of SGX-based programs can still be observed by adversaries, which may leak important information for successful attacks. Researchers have been experimenting with Oblivious RAM (ORAM) to address the privacy of access patterns. ORAM is a powerful low-level primitive that provides application-agnostic protection for any I/O operations, however, at a high cost. We find that some application-specific access patterns, such as sequential block I/O, do not provide additional information to adversaries. Others, …


Biographical Feature: William A. Hinton, M.D., Erik Munson 2020 Marquette University

Biographical Feature: William A. Hinton, M.D., Erik Munson

Clinical Lab Sciences Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Comprehensive Molecular Screening In A Cohort Of Young Men Who Have Sex With Men And Transgender Women: Effect Of Additive Rectal Specimen Source Collection And Analyte Testing, Erik Munson, Alyssa Reynoso, Morena Pass, Kathleen Buehler, Daniel Ryan, Antonia Clifford, Ethan Morgan, Brian Mustanski 2020 Marquette University

Comprehensive Molecular Screening In A Cohort Of Young Men Who Have Sex With Men And Transgender Women: Effect Of Additive Rectal Specimen Source Collection And Analyte Testing, Erik Munson, Alyssa Reynoso, Morena Pass, Kathleen Buehler, Daniel Ryan, Antonia Clifford, Ethan Morgan, Brian Mustanski

Clinical Lab Sciences Faculty Research and Publications

Background

This study's purposes were to characterize detection rates of several sexually transmitted infection (STI) agents and describe the effect additional specimen source and analyte screening has on STI detection within a cohort of young men who have sex with men and transgender women.

Methods

Within a 16-month interval, 1966 encounters involved dual urine and rectal swab submissions assessed by commercial transcription-mediated amplification–based assays for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae and by off-label transcription-mediated amplification–based Trichomonas vaginalis and Mycoplasma genitalium testing. Identification of STI carriers used algorithms involving Food and Drug Administration–cleared screening methods, laboratory-modified testing for extraurogenital C. trachomatis …


The Impact Of Sample Processing And Media Chemistry On The Culturable Diversity Of Bacteria Isolated From A Cave, Katey E. Bender, Katelyn Glover, Alexander Archey, Hazel A. Barton 2020 University of Akron

The Impact Of Sample Processing And Media Chemistry On The Culturable Diversity Of Bacteria Isolated From A Cave, Katey E. Bender, Katelyn Glover, Alexander Archey, Hazel A. Barton

International Journal of Speleology

Although molecular approaches can identify members of microbial communities in the environment, genomic information does not necessarily correlate with environmental phenotype. Understanding functional roles can be done by cultivating representative species, yet the culturablility of bacteria from caves remains low, at 0.02%, limiting our understanding of microbial community interactions and processes. We have investigated several factors influencing culturability of bacteria from a single sample location in Maxwelton Sink Cave, WV, USA. Extended incubation of inoculated plates showed a significant increase in colony counts from two to four weeks, indicating that extended incubations increase culturability. There were no significant differences in …


The Best Predictions In Experimental Biology Are Critical And Persuasive, Douglas S. Fudge, Andy J. Turko 2020 Chapman University

The Best Predictions In Experimental Biology Are Critical And Persuasive, Douglas S. Fudge, Andy J. Turko

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

A powerful way to evaluate scientific explanations (hypotheses) is to test the predictions that they make. In this way, predictions serve as an important bridge between abstract hypotheses and concrete experiments. Experimental biologists, however, generally receive little guidance on how to generate quality predictions. Here, we identify two important components of good predictions – criticality and persuasiveness – which relate to the ability of a prediction (and the experiment it implies) to disprove a hypothesis or to convince a skeptic that the hypothesis has merit. Using a detailed example, we demonstrate how striving for predictions that are both critical and …


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