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Prevalence And Evaluation Of Multidrug Resistance Pattern Of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Among Critical And Non-Critical Areas At A Tertiary Care Hospital Of Multan, Romah Ishfaq, Hubza Ruatt Khan, Mehvish Javeed, Muhammad Ikrama Tanveer, Asma Ashraf 2022 Department of Pathology, Nishtar Medical University, Multan, Pakistan

Prevalence And Evaluation Of Multidrug Resistance Pattern Of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Among Critical And Non-Critical Areas At A Tertiary Care Hospital Of Multan, Romah Ishfaq, Hubza Ruatt Khan, Mehvish Javeed, Muhammad Ikrama Tanveer, Asma Ashraf

Journal of Bioresource Management

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an extremely wide spread microorganism linked to nosocomial illnesses. Effective inspection of variations in antimicrobial resistance patterns of P. aeruginosa is vital for selecting suitable antimicrobial drugs for pragmatic treatment. The current research has been performed for assessing antimicrobial sensitivity profile of P. aeruginosa isolated as of a variety of medical specimens collected from critical and non-critical admitted patients of Nishtar Hospital, Multan. The isolates were detected utilizing standard lab practices, as well as the sensitivity was examined employing Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method corresponding to Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI) recommendations 2019. Out of 373 samples, …


Isolation And Characterization Of Cellulose Degrading Microorganisms Generating Electricity Using Microbial Fuel Cell, Lama Fayad, Rania Amer, Ahmad Abd El Nabi, Ali Hammoud, Hoda Yusef 2022 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Beirut Arab University

Isolation And Characterization Of Cellulose Degrading Microorganisms Generating Electricity Using Microbial Fuel Cell, Lama Fayad, Rania Amer, Ahmad Abd El Nabi, Ali Hammoud, Hoda Yusef

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

Global warming and the accumulation of organic waste constitute a serious environmental problem. Therefore, microbial fuel cells (MFC) are an eco-friendly device that have significant capability for the production of electricity using biodegradable waste as fuel. Microorganisms used as catalysts in the anode compartment, execute a principal function in operating MFCs. The present study was conducted to isolate and to screen potential bioelectricity generating microorganisms from dumpsite soil samples and also to construct a domestic dual-chambered microbial fuel cell (MFC). Streptomyces fimicarius was found to be the best isolate for the degradation of cellulose and the production of bioelectricity. The …


Evaluation Of Antibacterial Potential Of Artemisinin Extracts Of Artemisia Annua In Vivo And In Vitro, Arsalan Khan, Akhtar Ali, Imtiaz Ali Shah, Umm-E- Aimen, Waseem Ullah, Imtiaz Khan 2022 Veterinary Research and Disease Investigation Center, Dera Ismail Khan-29050-Pakistan

Evaluation Of Antibacterial Potential Of Artemisinin Extracts Of Artemisia Annua In Vivo And In Vitro, Arsalan Khan, Akhtar Ali, Imtiaz Ali Shah, Umm-E- Aimen, Waseem Ullah, Imtiaz Khan

Journal of Bioresource Management

To ensure universal health care, the World Health Organization recognized the significance of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) and recommended the use of natural herbs and plants bearing therapeutic potential and fewer adverse effects. Therefore, Artemisia annua herb was evaluated for its antibacterial potential and therapeutic efficacy against Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus and Escherichia coli both in vitro and in vivo. Artemisinin was extracted from Artemisia annua by chemical treatment. Subsequently, the culture sensitivity tests were performed on MHA by disk diffusion method to determine the antibacterial potential of the Artemisinin extracts against the test bacteria (in vitro phase). …


Research Article A New Informatics Framework For Evaluating The Codon Usage Metrics, Evolutionary Models And Phylogeographic Reconstruction Of Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus (Tylcv) In Different Regions Of Asian Countries, Mamathashree Mn, Kuralyanapalya Putta Honnappa Suresh, Sharanagouda S Patil, Uma Bharathi Indrabalan, Mallikarjun S Beelagi, Sushma Pradeep, Krishnamoorthy Paramanandham, Siju Susan Jacob, Chandrashekar Srinivasa, Shiva Prasad Kollur, Raghu Ram Achar, Ashwini Prasad, Shashanka K Prasad, Chandan Shivamallu 2022 ICARNational Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics (NIVEDI), Bengaluru560064, Yelahanka, India

Research Article A New Informatics Framework For Evaluating The Codon Usage Metrics, Evolutionary Models And Phylogeographic Reconstruction Of Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus (Tylcv) In Different Regions Of Asian Countries, Mamathashree Mn, Kuralyanapalya Putta Honnappa Suresh, Sharanagouda S Patil, Uma Bharathi Indrabalan, Mallikarjun S Beelagi, Sushma Pradeep, Krishnamoorthy Paramanandham, Siju Susan Jacob, Chandrashekar Srinivasa, Shiva Prasad Kollur, Raghu Ram Achar, Ashwini Prasad, Shashanka K Prasad, Chandan Shivamallu

International Journal of Health and Allied Sciences

Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) is a major devastating viral disease, majorly affecting the tomato production globally. The disease is majorly transmitted by the Whitefly. The Begomovirus (TYLCV) having a six major protein coding genes, among them the C1/AC1 is evidently associated with viral replication. Owing to immense role of C1/AC1 gene, the present study is an initial effort to elucidate the factors shaping the codon usage bias and evolutionary pattern of TYLCV-C1/AC1 gene in five major Asian countries. Based on publically available nucleotide sequence data the Codon usage pattern, Evolutionary and Phylogeographic reconstruction was carried out. The study …


Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning Based Techniques In Analyzing The Covid-19 Gene Expression Data: A Review, Santhosh K, Ajitha S, Sushma Pradeep, Kuralyanapalya Putta Honnappa Suresh, Sharanagouda S Patil, Shiva Prasad Kollur, Chandan Shivmallu 2022 Department of Computer Science, JSS College for Women, Mysore, India

Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning Based Techniques In Analyzing The Covid-19 Gene Expression Data: A Review, Santhosh K, Ajitha S, Sushma Pradeep, Kuralyanapalya Putta Honnappa Suresh, Sharanagouda S Patil, Shiva Prasad Kollur, Chandan Shivmallu

International Journal of Health and Allied Sciences

The novel Coronavirus associated with respiratory illness has become a new threat to human health as it is spreading very rapidly among the human population. Scientists and healthcare specialists throughout the world are still looking for a breakthrough technology to help combat the Covid-19 outbreak, despite the recent worldwide urgency. The use of Machine Learning (ML) and Artificial Intelligence (AI) in earlier epidemics has encouraged researchers by providing a fresh approach to combating the latest Coronavirus pandemic. This paper aims to comprehensively review the role of AI and ML for analysis of gene expressed data of COVID-19


Guano Among Bat Species From Two Regions Shows Influence Of Geography And Diet On Bacterial Community, Rahma Ahmed, Thomas McElroy, Shannon Whitney, Lydia Moore 2022 Kennesaw State Universtiy

Guano Among Bat Species From Two Regions Shows Influence Of Geography And Diet On Bacterial Community, Rahma Ahmed, Thomas Mcelroy, Shannon Whitney, Lydia Moore

Symposium of Student Scholars

Studies of bat guano have shown that the diversity and structure of associated microbial communities can be related to factors such as host phylogeny, life history and reproductive stage, geography, and diet. Many insectivorous bat species in the southeastern U.S. have generalist diets that may shift seasonally to take advantage of abundant prey species or maximize caloric intake. Seasonal shifts in prey availability or consumption should be reflected in a guano microbiome change. We also expected to detect distinct guano microbiomes within species. Within species, distinct microbial communities related to geography, and finally life history and reproductive stage. We compared …


Alternative Precautionary Measures Yielding Lower C. Diff Infection Rates In Healthcare Facilities, Matthew Kramer 2022 Kennesaw State University

Alternative Precautionary Measures Yielding Lower C. Diff Infection Rates In Healthcare Facilities, Matthew Kramer

Symposium of Student Scholars

Background: An international healthcare concern is the persistent spread of Clostridium difficile, a Gram-positive spore forming bacterium that is responsible for the most common hospital-acquired infection, amongst patients.

Objective: A systematic review was performed to summarize evidence that the interventions utilized in healthcare facilities which indicate a patient’s precautionary status are insufficient, outdated, and commonly lead to infection in neighboring patient rooms. Databases such as PubMed, NCBI, Google Scholar, and APHA’s Medical Care were searched, covering the period from 2017-2022. Studies were included if their focus concentrated on C. diff and the precautionary measures taken by employees at healthcare …


Detecting Bacterial Species From Ancient Human Skeletal Samples, Ariel Owens, Daisy McGrath, Tsai-Tien Tseng 2022 Kennesaw State University

Detecting Bacterial Species From Ancient Human Skeletal Samples, Ariel Owens, Daisy Mcgrath, Tsai-Tien Tseng

Symposium of Student Scholars

Diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) via morphological analysis is difficult and often inconsistent. With next-generation sequencing (NGS), ancient host microbiomes can be subjected to metagenomic analyses for the detection of TB in silico. Suitable bioinformatic workflows are needed for reliable ancient DNA (aDNA) analysis of causative agents. This study aims to enhance available bioinformatic screening methods to create more suitable bioinformatic processes and generate insights in relation to TB.

This research utilizes publicly available NGS data accessed through the Sequence Read Archive (SRA) of the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). Initial quality control steps included adapter trimming with Trim …


Assessing Selective Export Of Fluorescent Ssa4 Reporters, Caroline Firmin, Rebecca Adams 2022 Belmont University

Assessing Selective Export Of Fluorescent Ssa4 Reporters, Caroline Firmin, Rebecca Adams

Science University Research Symposium (SURS)

The process of creating proteins from mRNA is necessary for cell viability. Importantly, the proteins that are generated are differentially regulated so that the cell makes specific proteins in response to its environment. For example, mRNA is selectively exported during stress conditions to allow response to this stress. During heat shock at 42°C, in which proteins are denatured, the gene SSA4 encodes a selectively transported protein chaperone that allows refolding of denatured proteins. This study sought to explore the mechanisms of this selective export. To do this, I analyzed the expression of a fluorescent reporter wherein GFP is expressed with …


Investigating The Pi3k/Akt/Atm Pathway, Telomeric Dna Damage, T Cell Death, And Crispr/Cas9-Mediated Gene Editing During Acute And Chronic Hiv Infection, Sushant Khanal 2022 East Tennessee State University

Investigating The Pi3k/Akt/Atm Pathway, Telomeric Dna Damage, T Cell Death, And Crispr/Cas9-Mediated Gene Editing During Acute And Chronic Hiv Infection, Sushant Khanal

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection initiates major metabolic and cell- survival complications. Anti-retroviral therapy (ART) is the current approach to suppress active HIV replication to a level of undetected viral load, but it is not a curative approach. Newer and sophisticated gene editing technologies could indeed be a potent antiviral therapy to achieve a clinical sterilization/cure of HIV infection. Chronic HIV patients, even under a successful ART regimen, exhibit a low-grade inflammation, immune senescence, premature aging, telomeric DNA attrition, T cell apoptosis, and cellular homeostasis. In this dissertation, we investigated CD4 T cell homeostasis, degree of T cell apoptosis, an …


Single-Cell Approach Reveals Intercellular Heterogeneity In Phage-Producing Capacities, Sherin Kannoly, Gabriella Oken, Jonathan Shadan, David Musheyev, Kevin Singh, Abhyudai Singh, John J. Dennehy 2022 CUNY Queens College

Single-Cell Approach Reveals Intercellular Heterogeneity In Phage-Producing Capacities, Sherin Kannoly, Gabriella Oken, Jonathan Shadan, David Musheyev, Kevin Singh, Abhyudai Singh, John J. Dennehy

Publications and Research

Bacteriophage burst size is the average number of phage virions released from infected bacterial cells, and its magnitude depends on the duration of an intracellular progeny accumulation phase. Burst size is often measured at the population level, not the single-cell level, and consequently, statistical moments are not commonly available. In this study, we estimated the bacteriophage lambda (ƛ) single-cell burst size mean and variance following different intracellular accumulation period durations by employing Escherichia coli lysogens bearing lysis-deficient ƛ prophages. Single lysogens can be isolated and chemically lysed at desired times following prophage induction to quantify progeny intracellular accumulation within individual …


Functional Analysis Of Legionella Pneumophila Effector Protein, Shreya Neupane 2022 Western Kentucky University

Functional Analysis Of Legionella Pneumophila Effector Protein, Shreya Neupane

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Legionella pneumophila is a gram-negative bacterium that causes Legionnaire’s disease (a severe form of pneumonia) in humans. L. pneumophila can cause infection by utilizing its Type IV secretion system, a protein secretion system that transports proteins from the bacterial cytosol into the infected macrophage. Effectors released from the Type Iv secretion system allow L. pneumophila to create a safe environment to survive, replicate and cause infection. One such effector, RavQ, inhibits cell proliferation of mammalian HEK 293T cells and localizes to the cell’s nucleus, leading us to hypothesize that RavQ interferes with cellular activity in the nucleus. To detect its …


Characterizing The Cutaneous Microbiome Of Eurycea Lucifuga As A Potential Defense Against Chytridiomycosis, Madeline Key 2022 Liberty University

Characterizing The Cutaneous Microbiome Of Eurycea Lucifuga As A Potential Defense Against Chytridiomycosis, Madeline Key

Senior Honors Theses

Chytridiomycosis is an emerging infectious disease that is significantly reducing global amphibian populations. The disease is caused by Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), a fungus that lethally modifies amphibian skin. Recent research has suggested that the cutaneous microbiome of individual amphibians may play a role in susceptibility to the pathogen. In this study, twelve cave salamanders (Eurycea lucifuga) were collected. Cutaneous bacteria from each salamander were isolated and identified using Sanger Sequencing. Additionally, a Bd-challenge assay was performed to determine each isolate’s antifungal activity. Results indicated many microbial isolates possessed inhibitory capabilities against Bd, which may …


Identification Of The Type Eleven Secretion System (T11ss) And Characterization Of T11ss-Dependent Effector Proteins, Alex S. Grossman 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Identification Of The Type Eleven Secretion System (T11ss) And Characterization Of T11ss-Dependent Effector Proteins, Alex S. Grossman

Doctoral Dissertations

Host-associated microbes live in dangerous environments as a result of host immune killing, nutrient provisioning, and physiological conditions. Bacteria have evolved a host of surface and secreted proteins to help interact with this host environment and overcome nutrient limitation. The studies included within this dissertation describe the identification of a novel bacterial secretion system which has evolved to transport these symbiosis mediating proteins. This system, termed the type eleven secretion system (T11SS), is present throughout the Gram negative phylum Proteobacteria, including many human pathogens such as Neisseria meningitidis, Acinetobacter baumanii, Haemophilus haemolyticus, and Proteus vulgaris. Furthermore, …


Comparison Of Kanamycin-Resistant Bacteria In Earthworm Digestive Tracts And Soil From Compost Bins, Samantha Dooyema, Martin Dolan, Abigal Morse 2022 Belmont University

Comparison Of Kanamycin-Resistant Bacteria In Earthworm Digestive Tracts And Soil From Compost Bins, Samantha Dooyema, Martin Dolan, Abigal Morse

Science University Research Symposium (SURS)

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are becoming more prevalent in soil as humans have increased impacts on the environment. Previous research proposed that earthworms could affect bacteria distribution as soil is ingested and filtered through their bodies. This research aims to see if kanamycin-resistance bacteria is the same in earthworm digestive tracts as in the soil the earthworms inhabit. We expect that the gut contents and soil will vary in the occurrence of kanamycin-resistant bacteria. Earthworms and composted soil samples were collected from compost bins at a residential home in Nashville, Tennessee. Digestive tracts were dissected from the earthworms and homogenized. Kanamycin-resistant bacteria …


Hematophagy And Tick-Borne Rickettsial Pathogen Shape The Microbial Community Structure And Predicted Functions Within The Tick Vector, Amblyomma Maculatum., Abdulsalam Adegoke, Deepak Kumar, Khemraj Budachetri, Shahid Karim 2022 University of Southern Mississippi

Hematophagy And Tick-Borne Rickettsial Pathogen Shape The Microbial Community Structure And Predicted Functions Within The Tick Vector, Amblyomma Maculatum., Abdulsalam Adegoke, Deepak Kumar, Khemraj Budachetri, Shahid Karim

Faculty Publications

Background: Ticks are the primary vectors of emerging and resurging pathogens of public health significance worldwide. Analyzing tick bacterial composition, diversity, and functionality across developmental stages and tissues is crucial for designing new strategies to control ticks and prevent tick-borne diseases.

Materials and methods: Here, we explored the microbial communities across the developmental timeline and in different tissues of the Gulf-Coast ticks (Amblyomma maculatum). Using a high-throughput sequencing approach, the influence of blood meal and Rickettsia parkeri, a spotted fever group rickettsiae infection in driving changes in microbiome composition, diversity, and functionality was determined.

Results: This study …


Algae And Cyanobacteria In The Aphotic Habitats Of Veternica Cave (Medvednica Mt., Croatia) And Selected Caves Of The Dinaric Karst (South-Eastern Europe), Najla Baković, Tanja Pipan, Robert Baković, Roman Ozimec, Josip Rubinić, Renata Matoničkin Kepčija 2022 ADIPA – Society for Research and Conservation of Croatian Natural Diversity, Croatia

Algae And Cyanobacteria In The Aphotic Habitats Of Veternica Cave (Medvednica Mt., Croatia) And Selected Caves Of The Dinaric Karst (South-Eastern Europe), Najla Baković, Tanja Pipan, Robert Baković, Roman Ozimec, Josip Rubinić, Renata Matoničkin Kepčija

International Journal of Speleology

Microphototrophs (algae and cyanobacteria) in karst environments have been intensively studied in aquatic epigean habitats. In recent decades knowledge about the communities inhabiting cave entrances and lampenflora has grown substantially, but the data about the communities in aphotic cave zone are scarce. This study aimed to investigate spatio-temporal presence of microphototrophs in the aphotic zone of Veternica Cave (Mt. Medvednica karst) and to present additional preliminary data from 22 caves of the Dinaric karst. The data were collected over ten years, in parallel with research on cave phagotrophic protists. In addition to the remains of microphototrophs, living algae and cyanobacteria …


Potential Use Of Proteolytic Bacteria Paenibacillus Dendritiformis (Bt7) Isolated From Batu Tannery Effluents For The Detergent Industry, Chandran Masi, Degafneh Tadesse, Abate Ayele 2022 Department of Biotechnology, College of Biological and Chemical Engineering, Addis Ababa Science and Technology University,

Potential Use Of Proteolytic Bacteria Paenibacillus Dendritiformis (Bt7) Isolated From Batu Tannery Effluents For The Detergent Industry, Chandran Masi, Degafneh Tadesse, Abate Ayele

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

This research was aimed at identifying a bacterium that can produce alkaline proteases. As a result, bacteria that produce proteases were isolated from Batu tannery effluents, tested for protease synthesis on skim milk agar plates, and validated with a protease assay. Microscopic and molecular phylogenetic analyses identified Paenibacillus dendritiformis (BT7) as the bacterial isolate with the highest alkaline protease production. The isolate's maximum enzyme production was obtained by 2% inoculum size, 40°C temperature, 9.0 pH, and a 48-hour incubation time with production media components such as glucose, casein, MgCl2, and 2% NaCl. The maximal enzyme activity was 270 U/mL under …


Rickettsia Parkeri Infection Modulates The Sialome And Ovariome Of The Gulf Coast Tick, Amblyomma Maculatum, Melina Garcia Guizzo, Khemraj Budachetri, Abdulsalam Adegoke, Jose M.C. Ribeiro, Shahid Karim 2022 National Institutes of Health

Rickettsia Parkeri Infection Modulates The Sialome And Ovariome Of The Gulf Coast Tick, Amblyomma Maculatum, Melina Garcia Guizzo, Khemraj Budachetri, Abdulsalam Adegoke, Jose M.C. Ribeiro, Shahid Karim

Faculty Publications

The Gulf Coast tick, Amblyomma maculatum, is a vector of several tick-borne pathogens, including Rickettsia parkeri. The ability of R. parkeri to persist within the tick population through transovarial and transstadial transmission, without apparently harming the ticks, contributes to the pathogen’s perpetuation in the tick population. Previous studies have shown that the R. parkeri load in A. maculatum is regulated by the tick tissues’ oxidant/antioxidant balance and the non-pathogenic tick microbiome. To obtain further insights into the interaction between tick and pathogen, we performed a bulk RNA-Seq for differential transcriptomic analysis of ovaries and salivary …


The Presence Of Microcystin In The Northwest Indiana Watershed, Breeann Mild 2022 Purdue University

The Presence Of Microcystin In The Northwest Indiana Watershed, Breeann Mild

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


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