Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Pharmacology, Toxicology and Environmental Health Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3,831 Full-Text Articles 8,491 Authors 1,401,371 Downloads 235 Institutions

All Articles in Pharmacology, Toxicology and Environmental Health

Faceted Search

3,831 full-text articles. Page 1 of 154.

Pharmacokinetics Of Single Feeding Of Cannabidiol In Cattle: A Pilot Study, Haley Cornette 2023 Murray State University

Pharmacokinetics Of Single Feeding Of Cannabidiol In Cattle: A Pilot Study, Haley Cornette

Honors College Theses

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a substance that has been used in complementary medicine for many years. However, modern medicine has little knowledge of how this substance is utilized and metabolized in ruminant animals. Regulations on quality assurance and use in animals are lacking, and CBD supplementation in livestock is not approved. If CBD supplements can be shown to be safe and effective, detection in the animal will be important for determining regulation of use. A withdrawal period can then be established to allow time for deterioration of product to safe levels before livestock products enter human markets. This study sought to ...


Validation Of The 40 Hz Auditory Steady State Response As A Pharmacodynamic Biomarker Of Evoked Neural Synchrony, Muhammad Ummear Raza 2022 East Tennessee State University

Validation Of The 40 Hz Auditory Steady State Response As A Pharmacodynamic Biomarker Of Evoked Neural Synchrony, Muhammad Ummear Raza

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Schizophrenia is a troubling and severe mental illness that is only incompletely treated by currently available drugs. New drug development is hindered by a scarcity of functionally relevant pharmacodynamic biomarkers that are translatable across preclinical and human subjects. Although psychosis is a major feature of schizophrenia, cognitive and negative symptoms determine the long-term functional outcomes for patients. Stimulus-evoked neural synchrony at gamma (~ 40 Hz) frequency plays an important role in the processing and integration of sensory information. Not surprisingly, schizophrenia patients show deficits in gamma oscillations. NMDA receptor (NMDAR) activation on fast-spiking parvalbumin-positive interneurons is deemed important for the generation ...


Dibutyl Amine Detection, Quantification, And Removal With Iron(Ii)Tetrasulfophthalocyanine (Fetspc), Kyle Bittner 2022 East Tennessee State University

Dibutyl Amine Detection, Quantification, And Removal With Iron(Ii)Tetrasulfophthalocyanine (Fetspc), Kyle Bittner

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Pesticide testing is of practical interest in various areas of today’s world due to their prevalence and toxicity. These areas include agriculture, environmental, chemical plants, and many others. Herbicides, like Roundup, contain secondary amines such as glyphosate. The ability to detect secondary amines could offer a method for glyphosate detection in agricultural and environmental samples. Secondary amines can interact with metal complexes through electron charge transfer. Such interactions can cause a change in the metal’s electron configuration and energy state and can be seen in the UV-Vis spectrum. Metal phthalocyanines (MPc’s) and other organometallic complexes have been ...


Biomimetic Strategies To Control Therapeutic Release From Novel Dna Nanoparticles, Robert J. Mosley 2022 Rowan University

Biomimetic Strategies To Control Therapeutic Release From Novel Dna Nanoparticles, Robert J. Mosley

Theses and Dissertations

The inherent chemical, mechanical, and structural properties of nucleic acids make them ideal candidates for the formulation of tunable, personalized drug nanocarriers. However, none so far have exploited these properties for the controlled release of therapeutic drugs. In this dissertation, a biomimetic approach to controlling drug release is exhibited by specifically manipulating the architecture of novel, DNA nanoparticles to take advantage of drug binding mechanisms of action. Rationally designed DNA strands were immobilized on gold surfaces via a terminal thiol modification. Immobilized monomers can be manipulated to form distinct monolayer architectures including flat, folded, coiled, or stretched structures. Increasing the ...


Knowledge And Attitudes Of Pharmacogenetics Among Canadian Nurses: Implications For Nursing Education, Noopur Swadas, Sarah Dewell, Sandra J. Davidson 2022 University of Calgary

Knowledge And Attitudes Of Pharmacogenetics Among Canadian Nurses: Implications For Nursing Education, Noopur Swadas, Sarah Dewell, Sandra J. Davidson

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

Pharmacogenetic testing is used to tailor medication recommendations based on an individual's genetic makeup. Increased precision in prescribing medication through the use of genetics leads to a reduction in adverse drug reactions resulting in decreased morbidity and mortality. Due to the noted benefits to patient health outcomes and reduction in healthcare costs, a growing number of Canadian health centers and community pharmacies are beginning to offer pharmacogenetic testing. Previous studies indicate that Canadian nurses have minimal education in genomics; however, there has been an increase in attention to nursing roles in the implementation of genomic health practices in recent ...


Biowill - Characterising Willow Bark Bio-Actives For Skin Therapies, Arnold Marisa 2022 Department of Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Munster Technological University, Kerry, Ireland

Biowill - Characterising Willow Bark Bio-Actives For Skin Therapies, Arnold Marisa

ORBioM (Open Research BioSciences Meeting)

Willow bark is considered as a disposable by-product when processing willow for biomass. Willow (Salix) is known to contain high value bioactive compounds which include salicin and its derivatives, and other phytochemicals of interest such as polyphenols and flavonoids. The plant is historically known as the primary source of salicylates to which the well-known drug aspirin is derived from. The work forms part of the Interreg project BioWILL, which is focused on integrated “Zero Waste” biorefinery utilising all fractions of willow feedstock for the production of biochemicals and renewable energy. This project aims to investigate the crude and processed bark ...


Corrigendum To “The Impact Of The Rare Disease And Orphan Drug Act In Taiwan” [J Food Drug Anal 29 (2021) 717-725], 2022 Taiwan Food and Drug Administration

Corrigendum To “The Impact Of The Rare Disease And Orphan Drug Act In Taiwan” [J Food Drug Anal 29 (2021) 717-725]

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

No abstract provided.


The Study Of Distribution Of Ingested Terbinafine On Skin With Ambient Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry, Yi-Tzu Cho, Hung Su, Ching-Ying Wu, Jingyueh Jeng, Chi-Wei Lee, Deng‐Chyang Wu, Tiao-Lai Huang, Jentaie Shiea 2022 Department of Cosmetic Applications and Management, Yuh-Ing Junior College of Health Care & Management, No. 15, Ln. 420, Dachang 2nd Rd. Sanmin Dist., Kaohsiung 807634, Taiwan

The Study Of Distribution Of Ingested Terbinafine On Skin With Ambient Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry, Yi-Tzu Cho, Hung Su, Ching-Ying Wu, Jingyueh Jeng, Chi-Wei Lee, Deng‐Chyang Wu, Tiao-Lai Huang, Jentaie Shiea

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

We aim to develop an efficient and non-invasive strategy for monitoring of drugs and their metabolites via human skin. Probe sampling was combined with thermal desorption-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (TD-ESI/MS/MS) to characterize trace terbinafine, which was secreted on patient’s skin after ingesting terbinafine tablets. The terbinafine ion signals were directly detected in the samples collected from different skin regions and the signals were monitored for 8 weeks. The detection and location of terbinafine via the skin suggest that the methods are useful in rapidly and noninvasively collecting the molecular information of the ingested drug on skin ...


Chemiluminescence Of Lucigenin-Tetracycline And Itsapplication For Sensitive Determination Of Procyanidin, Shuai Quan, Kaixiang Ji, Fangshuo Liu, Tesfaye Hailemariam Barkae, Mohamed Ibrahim Halawa, Saima Hanif, Baohua Lou, Jianping Li, Guobao Xu 2022 College of Chemistry and Bioengineering, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin, 541004, China

Chemiluminescence Of Lucigenin-Tetracycline And Itsapplication For Sensitive Determination Of Procyanidin, Shuai Quan, Kaixiang Ji, Fangshuo Liu, Tesfaye Hailemariam Barkae, Mohamed Ibrahim Halawa, Saima Hanif, Baohua Lou, Jianping Li, Guobao Xu

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Tetracycline was reported to trigger intense lucigenin chemiluminescence (CL). Based on its significant quenching to lucigenin-tetracycline CL, procyanidin was detected. The mechanism of the lucigenin-tetracycline CL and its quenching by procyanidin were proposed. Under the optimum conditions, the calibration curve is linear in the range of 10-1000 nM for procyanidin with a detection limit of 4.4 nM. The RSD for nine replicate determinations of procyanidin was less than 1.7%. Moreover, this method was satisfactorily applied to the determination of procyanidin in human urine samples and health food capsule of grape seed.


Quantitation Of Mycophenolic Acid And Metabolites By Uplc-Ms/Ms In Renal Transplant Patients, Yun-Fen Huang, Ya-Ching Huang, Hsiao-Chen Ning, Chia-Ni Lin 2022 Department of Laboratory Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Quantitation Of Mycophenolic Acid And Metabolites By Uplc-Ms/Ms In Renal Transplant Patients, Yun-Fen Huang, Ya-Ching Huang, Hsiao-Chen Ning, Chia-Ni Lin

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS), specific inhibitors of lymphocyte proliferation, are commonly used as adjuvant therapy with calcineurin inhibitor agents after kidney transplantation. After administration, MMF and EC-MPS are hydrolyzed to mycophenolic acid (MPA), the active form of the drug, which must be monitored due to its narrow therapeutic window, drug–drug interactions, and large intra-and inter-individual pharmacokinetic variability despite a fixed dose. Monitoring plasma MPA level is recommended to maintain the drug within the therapeutic window, optimize its efficacy, and minimize side effects. This study aims to develop a method for quantifying MPA and its major ...


Camphorataimide B Suppresses The Metastasis Of Human Colorectal Cancer Cell By Inhibiting Smad/Fak/Akt Axis And Promoting Degradation Of Snail/Bmp4 Complex, Chi-Chou Huang, Chia-Hung Hung, Yi-Ju Lee, Tsui-Hwa Tseng, Yean-Jang Lee, Shao-Hsuan Kao, Chau-Jong Wang 2022 Department of Colorectal Surgery, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Camphorataimide B Suppresses The Metastasis Of Human Colorectal Cancer Cell By Inhibiting Smad/Fak/Akt Axis And Promoting Degradation Of Snail/Bmp4 Complex, Chi-Chou Huang, Chia-Hung Hung, Yi-Ju Lee, Tsui-Hwa Tseng, Yean-Jang Lee, Shao-Hsuan Kao, Chau-Jong Wang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Camphorataimide B (CamB) has anticancer activities against several tumors. Here, we aimed to investigate the mechanism(s) by which CamB inhibits metastasis of colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. Low-dose CamB did not affect the cell viability and cell cycle progression of CRC cells, but significantly inhibited the metastatic potentials of CRC cells. Mechanically, CamB reduced the protein and mRNA expression of BMP4, and inhibited Smad and FAK/Src/Akt signaling. CamB also decreased Snail levels by promoting its degradation via proteasome and thereafter reduced Snail-mediated BMP4 transcription. Moreover, CamB considerably inhibited the in vivo metastasis of DLD-1 cells in xenograft mice.


Orally Delivered Perilla (Perilla Frutescens) Leaf Extract Effectively Inhibits Sars-Cov-2 Infection In A Syrian Hamster Model, Yuan-Fan Chin, Wen-Fan Tang, Yu-Hsiu Chang, Tein-Yao Chang, Wen-Chin Lin, Chia-Yi Lin, Chuen-Mi Yang, Hsueh-Ling Wu, Ping-Cheng Li, Jun-Ren Sun, Shu-Chen Hsu, Chia-Ying Lee, Hsuan-Ying Lu, Jia-Yu Chang, Jia-Rong Jheng, Cheng Cheung Chen, Jyh-Hwa Kau, Chih-Heng Huang, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Yi-Jen Hung, Hui-Ping Tsai, Jim-Tong Horng 2022 Institute of Preventive Medicine, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan

Orally Delivered Perilla (Perilla Frutescens) Leaf Extract Effectively Inhibits Sars-Cov-2 Infection In A Syrian Hamster Model, Yuan-Fan Chin, Wen-Fan Tang, Yu-Hsiu Chang, Tein-Yao Chang, Wen-Chin Lin, Chia-Yi Lin, Chuen-Mi Yang, Hsueh-Ling Wu, Ping-Cheng Li, Jun-Ren Sun, Shu-Chen Hsu, Chia-Ying Lee, Hsuan-Ying Lu, Jia-Yu Chang, Jia-Rong Jheng, Cheng Cheung Chen, Jyh-Hwa Kau, Chih-Heng Huang, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Yi-Jen Hung, Hui-Ping Tsai, Jim-Tong Horng

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

On analyzing the results of cell-based assays, we have previously shown that perilla (Perilla frutescens) leaf extract (PLE), a food supplement and orally deliverable traditional Chinese medicine approved by the Taiwan Food and Drug Administration, effectively inhibits SARS-CoV-2 by directly targeting virions. PLE was also found to modulate virus-induced cytokine expression levels. In this study, we explored the anti-SARS-CoV-2 activity of PLE in a hamster model by examining viral loads and virus-induced immunopathology in lung tissues. Experimental animals were intranasally challenged with different SARS-CoV-2 doses. Jugular blood samples and lung tissue specimens were obtained in the acute disease stage (3 ...


Assessing The Fate Of Fatty Acid Esters Of Hydroxy Fatty Acids, Diglycerides And Monoacetyldiacylglycerides In Grilled Ruminant Meats Marinated With Unfiltered Beer-Based Marinades, Charles F. Manful, Thu H. Pham, Evan Wheeler, Muhammad Nadeem, Oludoyin A. Adigun, Nicole Walsh, Raymond H. Thomas 2022 School of Science and the Environment/Boreal Ecosystem Research Initiative, Grenfell Campus, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Corner Brook, NL A2H 5G4, Canada

Assessing The Fate Of Fatty Acid Esters Of Hydroxy Fatty Acids, Diglycerides And Monoacetyldiacylglycerides In Grilled Ruminant Meats Marinated With Unfiltered Beer-Based Marinades, Charles F. Manful, Thu H. Pham, Evan Wheeler, Muhammad Nadeem, Oludoyin A. Adigun, Nicole Walsh, Raymond H. Thomas

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Ruminant meats contain functional lipids including fatty acid esters of hydroxy fatty acids (FAHFA), diglycerides (DG), monoacetyldiglycerides (MAcDG) and medium chain triglycerides (McTG) whose consumption in the normal diet can confer benefits for consumer health. However, very little is known concerning how meat processing techniques such as marination and grilling affect the quantity and quality of these functional lipids in ruminant meats. We used ultra high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to high resolution accurate mass tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-HRAM-MS/MS) to show how grilling following marination with either India or Wheat ale unfiltered beer-based marinades affected the quantity and quality of ...


Exosomal Proteomics In Kidney Disease: From Technical Approaches To Clinical Applications, Ageng Brahmadhi, Yung-Kun Chuang, San-Yuan Wang, Chih-Chin Kao, I-Lin Tsai 2022 Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Cell Biology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan

Exosomal Proteomics In Kidney Disease: From Technical Approaches To Clinical Applications, Ageng Brahmadhi, Yung-Kun Chuang, San-Yuan Wang, Chih-Chin Kao, I-Lin Tsai

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Exosomes are small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) secreted from cells and have a general diameter ranging from 30~150 nm. It was reported that exosomes have essential roles in intercellular communication and can be targeted as biomarkers of disease or as therapeutic agents. Among the different techniques used for exosome investigation, the mass spectrometry-based proteomics approach has accelerated the unraveling of the molecular composition of exosomes and has contributed to improved knowledge of molecular processes in various diseases. In this review, we focused on proteomics-based studies of exosomes and clinical applications in kidney diseases. A general introduction of exosomes, isolation and ...


Differential Scanning Calorimetry For Authentication Of Edible Fats And Oils - What Can We Learn From The Past To Face The Current Challenges?, Mahbuba Islam, Liliana Bełkowska, Piotr Konieczny, Emilia Fornal, Jolanta Tomaszewska-Gras 2022 Department of Food Quality and Safety Management, Poznań University of Life Sciences

Differential Scanning Calorimetry For Authentication Of Edible Fats And Oils - What Can We Learn From The Past To Face The Current Challenges?, Mahbuba Islam, Liliana Bełkowska, Piotr Konieczny, Emilia Fornal, Jolanta Tomaszewska-Gras

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Fats and oils authentication has become an important issue recently, due to the growing interest in consumption of cold-pressed oils. Therefore, it is becoming more and more difficult to maintain official control over the growing assortment of new cold-pressed oils. Authenticity of plant oils is also an important issue for religious or cultural reasons.This review article focuses on the application of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) in the field of assessing authenticity of various fats and oils (e.g. olive oil, palm oil, confectionery fats, butter). Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is the most comprehensively tested oil by means of ...


Trends And Applications Of Food Protein-Origin Hydrolysates And Bioactive Peptides, Yi-Hsieng Samuel Wu, Yi-Chen Chen 2022 Department of Animal Science and Technology, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan

Trends And Applications Of Food Protein-Origin Hydrolysates And Bioactive Peptides, Yi-Hsieng Samuel Wu, Yi-Chen Chen

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

It was reported that protein hydrolysates or derived peptides have more functionalities than their parent protein. Most functional protein hydrolysates or peptides are identified from various food products, including plant, fish, and land-animal protein sources. Within a few decades, the application of food protein-origin functional hydrolysates or peptides could be divided into two main categories according to their applied intentions: 1) preservatives and bioactive packing materials; 2) nutraceutical ingredients. According to the literature, the applications of food protein-origin functional hydrolysates or peptides on food preservative and nutraceutical ingredients have attracted much attention. However, the approach method should be changed. Multi-activities ...


Crude Extract Of Desmodium Gangeticum Process Anticancer Activity Via Arresting Cell Cycle In G1 And Modulating Cell Cycle-Related Protein Expression In A549 Human Lung Carcinoma Cells, Yuh-Fung Chen, Yi-Hsien Lu, Huei-Yann Tsai 2022 China Medical University - Taiwan

Crude Extract Of Desmodium Gangeticum Process Anticancer Activity Via Arresting Cell Cycle In G1 And Modulating Cell Cycle-Related Protein Expression In A549 Human Lung Carcinoma Cells, Yuh-Fung Chen, Yi-Hsien Lu, Huei-Yann Tsai

BioMedicine

Background: Desmodium gangeticum (L.)DC., which belongs to the Leguminosae family, has been used in Taiwan and other subtropical countries as an external medicine to remove blood stasis, activate blood circulation, and reduce inflammation. It has been reported to have antioxidant effects and improve inflammatory responses in rats stimulated by pro-inflammatory agents and induced gastric ulcers in experimental animals over the past few decades. This plant has also been used to treat parasitic infections, but there are no reports regarding its effects on lung cancer. Therefore, this study attempted to investigate its water crude extract (in abbreviation DG) on lung ...


Monitoring The Abundance Of Microplastics In Mussels And Marine Ecosystems May Indicate Human Health Risks., Puja Kaur Janda 2022 University of San Francisco

Monitoring The Abundance Of Microplastics In Mussels And Marine Ecosystems May Indicate Human Health Risks., Puja Kaur Janda

Master's Projects and Capstones

The numerous scientific methodologies and procedures used in marine research on microplastic pollution restrict our present understanding of this severe environmental issue threatening marine organisms and human health. The abundance and bioaccumulation of microplastic in the food web is causing adverse implications for marine wildlife and potentially human health via seafood consumption. The absence of standardized methods for quantifying and characterizing microplastics is a major limiting factor in comparing current research. To evaluate the issue of monitoring microplastics in the marine environment, I conducted a Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT) analysis on mussels as a biomonitoring tool. Because mussels ...


Mathematical Model Of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer In Response To Combination Chemotherapies, Angelica Davenport, Yun Lu, Carlos Gallegos, Adriana Massicano, Katherine Heinzman, Patrick Song, Anna Sorace, Nick Cogan 2022 Florida State University

Mathematical Model Of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer In Response To Combination Chemotherapies, Angelica Davenport, Yun Lu, Carlos Gallegos, Adriana Massicano, Katherine Heinzman, Patrick Song, Anna Sorace, Nick Cogan

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Improving Nutrition And Food Safety Knowledge Of Small-Scale Fish Processors In Delta State, Nigeria, Grace Adeola Adegoye 2022 Mississippi State University

Improving Nutrition And Food Safety Knowledge Of Small-Scale Fish Processors In Delta State, Nigeria, Grace Adeola Adegoye

Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: Fish is an affordable animal source food that provides nutrition and serves as a source of income for many people especially women in Nigeria. Smoking and sun drying are the processing methods in practice that expose the fish products to possible contaminants which may consequentially negate their nutritive value.

Aim: To improve the knowledge of fish processors on nutrition and safe fish handling.

Methodology: A 3-day participatory training was organized to train 122 fish processors, 95 women, and 25 men. The training was conducted in the three senatorial districts in Delta State, Nigeria. Knowledge was assessed using the pre ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress