Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Biology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

32,236 Full-Text Articles 62,163 Authors 5,868,926 Downloads 336 Institutions

All Articles in Biology

Faceted Search

32,236 full-text articles. Page 1 of 1094.

Use Of Nest Web Cameras And Citizen Science To Quantify Osprey Prey Delivery Rate And Nest Success, Michael H. Academia, Harmony J. Dalgleish 2022 William & Mary

Use Of Nest Web Cameras And Citizen Science To Quantify Osprey Prey Delivery Rate And Nest Success, Michael H. Academia, Harmony J. Dalgleish

Arts & Sciences Articles

Ospreys (Pandion haliaetus) are obligate piscivores and their nesting success depends on sufficient amounts of fish delivered to the nests during the breeding season. Nests are considered successful when pairs raise a minimum of one young to fledging or near-fledging age. Through web cameras and online broadcasts of Osprey nests, citizen scientists quantified daily number of fish deliveries, nest survival, and nest success. We received and analyzed curated data (one to seven seasons, 2014–2020) from citizen scientist groups representing 19 Osprey web cameras from four countries in North America and Europe. We compared the average and the coefficient of ...


Robert Rosen And Relational System Theory: An Overview, James Lennox 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Robert Rosen And Relational System Theory: An Overview, James Lennox

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Relational system theory is the science of organization and function. It is the study of how systems are organized which is based on their functions and the relations between their functions. The science was originally developed by Nicolas Rashevsky, and further developed by Rashevsky’s student Robert Rosen, and continues to be developed by Rosen’s student A. H. Louie amongst others. Due to its revolutionary character, it is often misunderstood, and to some, controversial. We will mainly be focusing on Rosen’s contributions to this science. The formal and conceptual setting for Rosen’s relational system theory is category ...


A Review Of Current Sea Cucumber And Apostichopus Californicus Knowledge And A Proposal For Future Research And Fishery Management, Lily Haug 2022 Portland State University

A Review Of Current Sea Cucumber And Apostichopus Californicus Knowledge And A Proposal For Future Research And Fishery Management, Lily Haug

University Honors Theses

The sea cucumber species Apostichopus californicus is fished in the Pacific Northwest region of North America and has the potential to be an economically beneficial fisheries species. An understanding of their population levels must be present to sustainably regulate their harvest. Current fisheries in North America vary in their methodology and level of regulation. The current regulations are presented and their strengths and shortfalls are described. This review gathers research done on tropical sea cucumber species and presents that knowledge alongside that regarding Apostichopus californicus to suggest future research and fishery management strategies. A. californicus takes four years to sexually ...


Understanding The Drivers And Limiting Factors Of Tui Chub In Pyramid Lake, Nv As The Most Important Food Source For Recovering Lahontan Cutthroat Trout, Phaedra Budy 2022 Utah State University

Understanding The Drivers And Limiting Factors Of Tui Chub In Pyramid Lake, Nv As The Most Important Food Source For Recovering Lahontan Cutthroat Trout, Phaedra Budy

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


Social And Ecological Drivers Of Life History Evolution In Wild Bees, Karen Kapheim 2022 Utah State University

Social And Ecological Drivers Of Life History Evolution In Wild Bees, Karen Kapheim

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


Seasonal Migration Distance Varies With Natal Dispersal And Predicts Parasitic Infection In Song Sparrows, Tosha R. Kelly, Heather L. MacGillivray, Yanina Sarquis-Adamson, Matthew J. Watson, Keith A. Hobson, Elizabeth A. MacDougall-Shackleton 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Seasonal Migration Distance Varies With Natal Dispersal And Predicts Parasitic Infection In Song Sparrows, Tosha R. Kelly, Heather L. Macgillivray, Yanina Sarquis-Adamson, Matthew J. Watson, Keith A. Hobson, Elizabeth A. Macdougall-Shackleton

Biology Publications

Seasonal migration and natal dispersal represent the major large-scale movements in the lives of animals. Individuals that are relatively prone to movement and exploration might thus be more likely to disperse and also to migrate farther. Such movement might be either negatively associated with parasitic infection (if infection prevents hosts from successful long-distance migration) or positively associated (e.g. if longer-distance migrants encounter more abundant or more diverse parasites). We examined whether natal dispersal tendency predicts seasonal migration distance in song sparrows (Melospiza melodia) and whether migration distance predicts infection with bloodborne parasites upon arrival at the breeding grounds. Migration ...


Environmental Toxins Disproportionately Affect Low Income And Minority Communities Along The Providence River, Jalynn Booker 2022 Providence College

Environmental Toxins Disproportionately Affect Low Income And Minority Communities Along The Providence River, Jalynn Booker

Biology Student Scholarship

The effects of environmental toxins emitted from the various industrial businesses along the Providence River and Allen’s Ave have been reported by residents to cause an incline in respiratory diseases and other illnesses in children and adults in nearby neighborhoods. Operations along Allen’s Ave consist of heavy toxin emitting practices such as hot asphalt mixing, fuels emissions, toxic runoff, gas leaks and piles of scrap metal. Many local news articles and blog posts have reported on the fact that this industrial waterfront has adversely impacted neighboring communities. However, there is little research explicitly comparing the socioeconomic differences between ...


Climate Effects On Butterfly Species Richness, Isabelle Heron 2022 Providence College

Climate Effects On Butterfly Species Richness, Isabelle Heron

Biology Student Scholarship

The effects of climate change on the surrounding biodiversity lead scientists to argue an “insect apocalypse” is approaching. Butterflies, as poikilothermic animals, meaning their activity is closely controlled by weather, represent a useful indicator to studying climate change. Scientists can detect changes in butterfly abundance which result in changes in distribution and abundance over a short period of time. BIO 340 final project


Asset Values Of Trees Vary Among Age And Condition, Aidan Castricone 2022 Providence College

Asset Values Of Trees Vary Among Age And Condition, Aidan Castricone

Biology Student Scholarship

Trees are utilized everywhere for visual, physical or functional means with an example being on Providence College campus. We have 1,403 trees part of an inventory and management plan. As part of this plan that was updated this past December 2021 each tree has an asset value calculated with consideration of the size, species, condition, and location. What was not clear in the management plan was whether one factor held more weight in the calculated value compared to another factor. This research focuses on the influence that the age and condition of the tree have on the tree asset ...


Lyme Disease Cases Dependent On Annual Snowfall, Andrew Jordan 2022 Providence College

Lyme Disease Cases Dependent On Annual Snowfall, Andrew Jordan

Biology Student Scholarship

Ticks are parasitic arachnids that inhabit every region of the United States. Ticks can spread diseases through feeding on the blood of mammals and birds. Lyme disease is a bacterial infection you can get from the bite of a Blacklegged tick (deer tick), which can lead to long term health effects and can ultimately lead to fatality. Depending on location, up to 50% of ticks in the given area can carry Lyme disease. Lyme disease is a problem and climate change could make it even worse. Whether or not a tick dies in the winter depends on how deep they ...


The Impacts Of Ph On Biodiversity In Marine Environments, Matthew Rock 2022 Providence College

The Impacts Of Ph On Biodiversity In Marine Environments, Matthew Rock

Biology Student Scholarship

Climate change continues to impact each and every environment on Earth due to rising levels of greenhouse gasses. CO2 is the most pervasive of these gasses, and when mixed with seawater it creates carbonic acid increasing the pH of water. Ocean acidification has led to large-scale die-offs of more sensitive marine species like coral; therefore, this project serves to evaluate the interaction between pH and the biodiversity of coastal marine environments. BIO 340 final project


Bird Nesting Trends In Massachusetts, Dieter Rodriguez 2022 Providence College

Bird Nesting Trends In Massachusetts, Dieter Rodriguez

Biology Student Scholarship

Bird nesting data has long been documented for various species across the United States. While trends between temperature changes or precipitation on bird nesting have been studied for particular species, studies done on the effects of temperature due to climate change on bird nesting on the broader state level are lacking. Using bird nesting data and average annual temperature data for Massachusetts collected over a ten year period, I assessed the effects of temperature changes over time on bird nesting attempts and total eggs laid for all documented species within the state. BIO 340 final project


The Effect Of Temperature On Algal Blooms In New York State, Kylie Taylor 2022 Providence College

The Effect Of Temperature On Algal Blooms In New York State, Kylie Taylor

Biology Student Scholarship

Water shapes all flora and fauna. Urbanization, industrialization, and other human activities have negatively affected this important source. For example, algal blooms arise due to a combination of sunlight, warm temperatures, and excessive nutrient runoff. The nutrients are a result of fertilizer runoff which enters aquatic systems and cause algal blooms. Increased air temperatures cause increased water temperatures which creates ideal conditions for cyanobacteria growth which are responsible for blooms. Algal blooms affect the entire ecosystem by decreasing sunlight availability in the water. Decreased sunlight contributes to low oxygen dead-zones which negatively affect drinking water reservoirs. I examined the relationship ...


Genetically Explicit Model May Explain Multigenerational Control Of Emergent Turing Patterns In Hybrid Mimulus, Emily Simmons 2022 William & Mary

Genetically Explicit Model May Explain Multigenerational Control Of Emergent Turing Patterns In Hybrid Mimulus, Emily Simmons

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Cross-Modal Perception Of Identity By Sound And Taste In Bottlenose Dolphins, Jason N. Bruck, Sam F. Walmsley, Vincent M. Janik 2022 Stephen F Austin State University

Cross-Modal Perception Of Identity By Sound And Taste In Bottlenose Dolphins, Jason N. Bruck, Sam F. Walmsley, Vincent M. Janik

Faculty Publications

While studies have demonstrated concept formation in animals, only humans are known to label concepts to use them in mental simulations or predictions. To investigate whether other animals use labels comparably, we studied cross-modal, individual recognition in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) that use signature whistles as labels for conspecifics in their own communication. First, we tested whether dolphins could use gustatory stimuli and found that they could distinguish between water and urine samples, as well as between urine from familiar and unfamiliar individuals. Then, we paired playbacks of signature whistles of known animals with urine samples from either the same ...


Editorial Board, 2022 Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Editorial Board

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

No abstract provided.


Simulating Photo-Disintegration Of 137cs Radioactive Waste Using Various Energies Of Gamma Photons, Hassanain H. Alkazzaz, Asia H. Al-Mashhadani, Kamal H. Lateef 2022 Ph.D. student, Department of physics, collage of science, University of Baghdad.

Simulating Photo-Disintegration Of 137cs Radioactive Waste Using Various Energies Of Gamma Photons, Hassanain H. Alkazzaz, Asia H. Al-Mashhadani, Kamal H. Lateef

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

In this study, the possibility of using gamma-ray in photo-disintegration method was examined so that it can be used in the remediation of 137Cs radionuclides waste materials by nuclear transmutation to convert long-lived nuclides to other isotopes nuclides, which are shorter half-life (or stable), by different photo-nuclear reaction channels (γ,n), (γ,2n), (γ,p), (γ, a), (γ,d). A simulation code has been written using MATLAB for conducting calculations of reduction and residual. The results showed that gamma-ray fluxes below 1017 [cm-2 s-1] are not adequate to perform effective incinera-tion of 137Cs, and as for gamma flux of 1018 ...


Engineering Of A Multi-Epitope Subunit Vaccine Against Sasrs-Cov-2 Through The Viroinformatic Approach, Aamir Shehzada, Christijogo Sumartono, Jusak Nugraha, Helen Susilowatid, Andi Yasmin Wijayab, Hafiz Ishfaq Ahmad, Wiwiek Tyasningsih, Fedik Abdul Rantam 2022 Virology and Immunology, Division of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Engineering Of A Multi-Epitope Subunit Vaccine Against Sasrs-Cov-2 Through The Viroinformatic Approach, Aamir Shehzada, Christijogo Sumartono, Jusak Nugraha, Helen Susilowatid, Andi Yasmin Wijayab, Hafiz Ishfaq Ahmad, Wiwiek Tyasningsih, Fedik Abdul Rantam

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

The COVID-19 outbreak has infected millions of people worldwide, but no vaccine has been discovered to combat it efficiently. This research aims to design a multi-epitope vaccine using highly efficient B- and T-cell epitopes from the SARS-CoV-2 Surabaya isolate through a viroinformatic approach. First, the putative epitopes were linked together to develop tertiary structures and then docked with toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) that demonstrated a robust interaction with a low eigenvalue of 4.816138 e-06. Furthermore, the structure's high immunogenic response was observed and successfully cloned into the expression vector pET28a (+). This implies that the designed vaccine can prove ...


Does Manuka Honey Induce Antibiotic Resistant Bacterial Persisters And Viable But Non-Culturable Subpopulations?, Bryn Tennyson 2022 Eastern Washington University

Does Manuka Honey Induce Antibiotic Resistant Bacterial Persisters And Viable But Non-Culturable Subpopulations?, Bryn Tennyson

2022 Symposium

Long-term antibiotic use has allowed microbes to develop resistance and cause chronic infectious diseases that were previously treatable. Resistance is phenomenon in which bacteria survive treatment with a concentration of antibiotics that was once lethal. Bacteria resist antibiotic treatment by genetic change or initiating states of dormancy called persisters or Viable but Non-Culturable (VBNCs) cells. These subpopulations of antibiotic resistant persisters and VBNCs increase with exposure to stresses, including antibiotic treatment, and are a major cause of reoccurring infections that result in significant morbidity and mortality. Manuka honey (MH), a well-known alternative broad-spectrum antimicrobial, is a promising treatment for cutaneous ...


Gene Expression Analysis Revealed The Activation Of Immune Responses During The Postnatal Development Of The Cerebellum In A Mouse Model Of Niemann-Pick Type C, Sierra Elizabeth Melli 2022 Rowan University

Gene Expression Analysis Revealed The Activation Of Immune Responses During The Postnatal Development Of The Cerebellum In A Mouse Model Of Niemann-Pick Type C, Sierra Elizabeth Melli

Theses and Dissertations

Niemann-Pick Type C (NPC) is a recessive neurodegenerative lysosomal storage disorder that is caused by autosomal recessive mutations. The mutations result in the inactivation of NPC1 and NPC2 proteins. Inactivation of the NPC1 protein results in the accumulation of cholesterol within the endosomal and lysosomal compartments of cells including Cerebellar Purkinje cells. This accumulation of cholesterol leads to symptoms of dementia, neurodegeneration and potential of early childhood death in cases of early onset. In this study, we analyze the gene expression levels using the RNAseq technique in order to determine whether there is a significant difference between the expression of ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress