Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Bioinformatics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3,708 Full-Text Articles 6,340 Authors 699,515 Downloads 147 Institutions

All Articles in Bioinformatics

Faceted Search

3,708 full-text articles. Page 1 of 144.

Transcriptional Profiling Of Neurological Development Of Drosophila Following Bisphenol A Exposure, Eden Johnson 2021 San Jose State University

Transcriptional Profiling Of Neurological Development Of Drosophila Following Bisphenol A Exposure, Eden Johnson

Master's Projects

The ubiquitous environmental chemical bisphenol A (BPA) is an emerging risk factor for neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs). BPA is an endocrine-disrupting chemical (EDC) that is thought to interfere with neuron development by changing neuronal gene expression. Impacting neurodevelopment in this manner can cause lasting changes in behavior and potentially lead to the development of NDDs. Delineating the molecular processes that incur changes in gene expression following BPA exposure will advance our understanding of how BPA impacts neurodevelopmental pathways and affects the pathophysiology of NDDs. An RNA-Sequencing (RNA-Seq) analysis pipeline was created for transcriptional profiling of neurological development in wild-type Drosophila melanogaster ...


Detection Of Antibiotic Resistance Genes In The Wastewater Microbial Metagenome, Alan Caparaz Le 2021 San Jose State University

Detection Of Antibiotic Resistance Genes In The Wastewater Microbial Metagenome, Alan Caparaz Le

Master's Projects

The existential threat of emerging antibiotic resistance in microbial communities poses significant risks to public health. In particular, wastewater can serve as a point of confluence for pharmaceuticals and antibiotic-resistant bacteria from urban and agricultural settings. While this is a prime environment for genetic drift and horizontal transfer of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and mobile genetic elements, it also presents an opportunity for resistome monitoring via shotgun metagenomic sequencing and downstream analysis. This project reports the application of a hybrid assembly approach for the detection of ARGs within DNA derived from a wastewater sample collected from the San José-Santa Clara ...


Differential Gene Expression Analysis Of Mice Thymi After Spaceflight, Roshani Codipilly 2021 San Jose State University

Differential Gene Expression Analysis Of Mice Thymi After Spaceflight, Roshani Codipilly

Master's Projects

With increases in space travel and a desire to inhabit the moon and Mars comes a pressing need to understand the impact of spaceflight on the body. Some effects are already known, such as reduced cardiac function and bone loss, but one area that needs to be further explored is the immune system. Differential gene expression analysis of mice thymi was performed to determine the impact of spaceflight on the immune system. The dataset that was analyzed, GLDS-289, was obtained from GeneLab, a space-omics database developed by NASA. Differential gene expression analysis was accomplished using a Nextflow implementation of GeneLab ...


Summer Marine Bacterial Community Composition Of The Western Antarctic Peninsula, Codey Phoun 2021 San Jose State University

Summer Marine Bacterial Community Composition Of The Western Antarctic Peninsula, Codey Phoun

Master's Projects

The Western Antarctic Peninsula has experienced dramatic warming due to climate change over the last 50 years and the consequences to the marine microbial community are not fully clear. The marine bacterial community are fundamental contributors to biogeochemical cycling of nutrients and minerals in the ocean. Molecular data of bacteria from the surface waters of the Western Antarctic Peninsula are lacking and most existing studies do not capture the annual variation of bacterial community dynamics. In this study, 15 different 16S rRNA gene amplicon samples covering 3 austral summers were processed and analyzed to investigate the marine bacterial community composition ...


Detecting Bacterial Species From Ancient Human Skeletal Samples, Ariel Owens, Daisy McGrath, Tsai-Tien Tseng 2021 Kennesaw State University

Detecting Bacterial Species From Ancient Human Skeletal Samples, Ariel Owens, Daisy Mcgrath, Tsai-Tien Tseng

Symposium of Student Scholars

This paleopathological study aims to identify Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC), Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) and other Mycobacterium species in silico from skeletal samples that belonged to 28 Polish individuals in the Neolithic period under PRJNA422903 from the Sequence Read Archive (SRA). After next-generation sequencing (NGS), bioinformatics methods are heavily relied upon for identification of pathogens from complex samples. We implemented a bioinformatics pipeline, with custom-built databases, utilizing the following software tools: Trim Galore! and Kraken2. After adapter trimming, Kraken2 was used for taxonomic classifications. We have found that Mycobacterium is present in all 28 individuals. The average percentage of MAC ...


Identifying The Cell Composition And Clonal Diversity Of Supratentorial Ependymoma Using Single Cell Rna-Sequencing, James He 2021 University of Connecticut

Identifying The Cell Composition And Clonal Diversity Of Supratentorial Ependymoma Using Single Cell Rna-Sequencing, James He

Honors Scholar Theses

Ependymoma is a primary solid tumor of the central nervous system. Supratentorial ependymoma (ST-EPN), a subtype of ependymomas, is driven by an oncogenic fusion between the ZFTA and RELA genes in 70% of cases. We introduced this fusion into neural progenitor cells of mice embryos via in utero electroporation of a non-viral binary piggyBac transposon system containing ZFTA-RELA. From preliminary data in the LoTurco lab, inducing the expression of ZFTA-RELA into different neural progenitor cells produces tumors of varying lethality and cellular composition. To define the cellular composition and subclonal diversity of ST-EPN tumors, we used single cell RNA-sequencing to ...


Identifying The Cell Composition And Clonal Diversity Of Supratentorial Ependymoma Using Single Cell Rna-Sequencing, James He 2021 University of Connecticut

Identifying The Cell Composition And Clonal Diversity Of Supratentorial Ependymoma Using Single Cell Rna-Sequencing, James He

University Scholar Projects

Ependymoma is a primary solid tumor of the central nervous system. Supratentorial ependymoma (ST-EPN), a subtype of ependymomas, is driven by an oncogenic fusion between the ZFTA and RELA genes in 70% of cases. We introduced this fusion into neural progenitor cells of mice embryos via in utero electroporation of a non-viral binary piggyBac transposon system containing ZFTA-RELA. From preliminary data in the LoTurco lab, inducing the expression of ZFTA-RELA into different neural progenitor cells produces tumors of varying lethality and cellular composition. To define the cellular composition and subclonal diversity of ST-EPN tumors, we used single cell RNA-sequencing to ...


Many Clinical Laboratories Performing Next-Generation Sequencing Have No Future Plans To Migrate To The Most Recent Human Reference Genome Build (Grch38), Lisa A. Lansdon 2021 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Many Clinical Laboratories Performing Next-Generation Sequencing Have No Future Plans To Migrate To The Most Recent Human Reference Genome Build (Grch38), Lisa A. Lansdon

Research Days

Background: Analysis of clinical next-generation sequencing (NGS) data requires the Human Reference Genome (HRG) for alignment. Build GRCh38 was released in December 2013 and resolved ~1,000 issues from GRCh37, including erroneous calls within clinically-relevant genes.

Objectives/Goal: Despite this new release becoming available over seven years ago, most clinical laboratories continue to use build GRCh37. We were interested to learn other clinical laboratory’s plans for migration to GRCh38, including their proposed timelines and related concerns; therefore, we conducted a survey to define the current landscape of genome alignment in clinical NGS.

Methods/Design: Seventy-one clinical laboratories performing constitutional ...


A Tissue Specific Transcriptomic, Proteomic And Phospho-Proteomic Atlas Of The Translational Machinery Of Arabidopsis Thaliana, Abdullah Salim 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

A Tissue Specific Transcriptomic, Proteomic And Phospho-Proteomic Atlas Of The Translational Machinery Of Arabidopsis Thaliana, Abdullah Salim

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Gene expression encompasses the flow of genetic information from DNA to mRNA (transcription) and from mRNA to protein (translation) along with the regulatory mechanisms underlying these processes. Omics technologies offer a powerful toolset with which to study gene expression at each of these stages. A recently published dataset integrating transcriptomic, proteomic and phospho-proteomic measurements from 30 Arabidopsis thaliana tissues provides a unique resource to explore gene expression.1 The translational machinery (the ribosome, and its initiation, elongation, and termination factors) are a core component in gene expression. Defects in translation can be lethal or lead to major developmental defects and ...


Understanding The Effect Of Adaptive Mutations On The Three-Dimensional Structure Of Rna, Justin Cook 2021 Duquesne University

Understanding The Effect Of Adaptive Mutations On The Three-Dimensional Structure Of Rna, Justin Cook

Undergraduate Research and Scholarship Symposium

Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are variations in the genome where one base pair can differ between individuals.1 SNPs occur throughout the genome and can correlate to a disease-state if they occur in a functional region of DNA.1According to the central dogma of molecular biology, any variation in the DNA sequence will have a direct effect on the RNA sequence and will potentially alter the identity or conformation of a protein product. A single RNA molecule, due to intramolecular base pairing, can acquire a plethora of 3-D conformations that are described by its structural ensemble. One SNP, rs12477830, which ...


Trunctrimmer: A First Step Towards Automating Standard Bioinformatic Analysis, Z. Gunner Lawless, Dana Dittoe, Dale R. Thompson, Steven C. Ricke 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Trunctrimmer: A First Step Towards Automating Standard Bioinformatic Analysis, Z. Gunner Lawless, Dana Dittoe, Dale R. Thompson, Steven C. Ricke

Computer Science and Computer Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Bioinformatic analysis is a time-consuming process for labs performing research on various microbiomes. Researchers use tools like Qiime2 to help standardize the bioinformatic analysis methods, but even large, extensible platforms like Qiime2 have drawbacks due to the attention required by researchers. In this project, we propose to automate additional standard lab bioinformatic procedures by eliminating the existing manual process of determining the trim and truncate locations for paired end 2 sequences. We introduce a new Qiime2 plugin called TruncTrimmer to automate the process that usually requires the researcher to make a decision on where to trim and truncate manually after ...


Simulation Of The Interaction Between Striated Muscle Unc-45 And Transcription Factor Gata-4, Drake Alexander Duncan 2021 Stephen F. Austin University

Simulation Of The Interaction Between Striated Muscle Unc-45 And Transcription Factor Gata-4, Drake Alexander Duncan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Striated Muscle UNC-45, also known as UNC-45b, is an important protein that acts as a chaperone for myosin in cardiac and skeletal muscles, binding to myosin at its C-terminal UCS domain and regulating its assembly into thick filaments and sarcomeric structures. The UCS domain contains a large loop that is believed to be the first point of interaction between myosin and UNC-45b. GATA-4 is an essential transcription factor that facilitates transcription of several genes in cardiac development, particularly alpha-heavy chain myosin in heart tissue. Recently, studies have shown that there is interaction of GATA-4 with UNC-45b and that GATA-4 binds ...


Investigating The Relationship Between Power Plant Type And Regional Climate, Christian Cline '23, Sarah Wheeler '23, Sanjana Nekkanti '23 2021 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

Investigating The Relationship Between Power Plant Type And Regional Climate, Christian Cline '23, Sarah Wheeler '23, Sanjana Nekkanti '23

Student Leadership Exchange (SLX)

Climate change (UNSDG Goal 13) is one of the most pressing issues of our lifetime. Though recent years have given the world hope for the Earth’s future, we still rely on fossil fuels to produce a vast majority of our energy. Power plants, the “creator” of said energy, are found around the world, everywhere from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. However, there are multiple types of power plants each of which leave different effects on the environment. At the same time, the world has wildly different climates. The cold winters of Northern Canada could not be more different than the tropical ...


Book Review: Foundations Of Artificial Intelligence In Healthcare And Bioscience, Paul B. Freeman OD 2021 University of the Incarnate Word

Book Review: Foundations Of Artificial Intelligence In Healthcare And Bioscience, Paul B. Freeman Od

Optometric Clinical Practice

Book Review:

Catania LJ. Foundations of Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare and Bioscience. Cambridge: Academic Press; 2020, $150.00, 524 pages, Paperback ISBN:9780128244777, e-book ISBN: 9780323860055.


Unsupervised And Supervised Learning For Rna-Protein Interactions And Annotations, Kateland Sipe 2021 Bowling Green State University

Unsupervised And Supervised Learning For Rna-Protein Interactions And Annotations, Kateland Sipe

Honors Projects

This project analyzed the base and amino acid interactions and annotations through the use of unsupervised and supervised learning techniques. For unsupervised learning, clustering found the data was not able to be distinguished into clear groups which matched the original annotations through kmeans clustering and hierarchical clustering. For supervised learning, the use of random forest, glmnet, and deep learning neural networks were successful in creating accurate predictions. However, machine learning likely will not be able to replace the original complex program, but could be used for possible simplification.


Keap1 Is Required For Artesunate Anticancer Activity In Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer, Kristen S. Hill, Anthony McDowell Jr., J. Robert McCorkle, Erin Schuler, Sally R. Ellingson, Rina Plattner, Jill M. Kolesar 2021 University of Kentucky

Keap1 Is Required For Artesunate Anticancer Activity In Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer, Kristen S. Hill, Anthony Mcdowell Jr., J. Robert Mccorkle, Erin Schuler, Sally R. Ellingson, Rina Plattner, Jill M. Kolesar

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Faculty Publications

Artesunate is the most common treatment for malaria throughout the world. Artesunate has anticancer activity likely through the induction of reactive oxygen species, the same mechanism of action utilized in Plasmodium falciparum infections. Components of the kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (KEAP1)/nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) pathway, which regulates cellular response to oxidative stress, are mutated in approximately 30% of non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLC); therefore, we tested the hypothesis that KEAP1 is required for artesunate sensitivity in NSCLC. Dose response assays identified A549 cells, which have a G333C-inactivating mutation in KEAP1, as resistant to artesunate, with an IC50 ...


B32: Identifying New G Protein Coupled Receptor Kinase 6 Substrates Among Proteins Closely Linked To Prognoses Of Liver Cancer, Rav Jericho Uy 2021 Roseman University of Health Sciences

B32: Identifying New G Protein Coupled Receptor Kinase 6 Substrates Among Proteins Closely Linked To Prognoses Of Liver Cancer, Rav Jericho Uy

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Determining Master Regulatory Genes Of Muscle Senescence In The Hawk Moth, Manduca Sexta, Leah J. Naasz 2021 University of South Dakota

Determining Master Regulatory Genes Of Muscle Senescence In The Hawk Moth, Manduca Sexta, Leah J. Naasz

Honors Thesis

ABSTRACT DETERMINING MASTER REGULATORY GENES OF MUSCLE SENESCENCE IN THE HAWK MOTH, MANDUCA SEXTA Leah Naasz Director: Bernie Wone, Ph.D. Skeletal muscle exhibits a gradual deterioration of its functional capabilities as it senesces. While the adverse effects of muscle aging are well-known, the molecular trigger of this degenerative process is unknown. Here, I aim to identify master regulatory genes (i.e., transcription factors) that might be involved in the initiation of the muscle senescence process in our muscle aging model Manduca sexta. This invertebrate adult moth was chosen as the model organism due to its relatively short lifespan, similarity ...


Toward The Discovery Of Biological Functions Associated With The Mechanosensor Mtl1p Of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Via Integrative Multi-Omics Analysis, Nelson Martínez-Matías, Nataliya Chorna, Sahily González-Crespo, Lilliam Villanueva, Ingrid Montes-Rodríguez, Loyda M. Melendez-Aponte, Abiel Roche-Lima, Kelvin Carrasquillo-Carrión, Ednalise Santiago-Cartagena, Brian C. Rymond, Mohan Babu, Igor Stagljar, José R. Rodríguez-Medina 2021 University of Puerto Rico

Toward The Discovery Of Biological Functions Associated With The Mechanosensor Mtl1p Of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Via Integrative Multi-Omics Analysis, Nelson Martínez-Matías, Nataliya Chorna, Sahily González-Crespo, Lilliam Villanueva, Ingrid Montes-Rodríguez, Loyda M. Melendez-Aponte, Abiel Roche-Lima, Kelvin Carrasquillo-Carrión, Ednalise Santiago-Cartagena, Brian C. Rymond, Mohan Babu, Igor Stagljar, José R. Rodríguez-Medina

Biology Faculty Publications

Functional analysis of the Mtl1 protein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae has revealed that this transmembrane sensor endows yeast cells with resistance to oxidative stress through a signaling mechanism called the cell wall integrity pathway (CWI). We observed upregulation of multiple heat shock proteins (HSPs), proteins associated with the formation of stress granules, and the phosphatase subunit of trehalose 6-phosphate synthase which suggests that mtl1Δ strains undergo intrinsic activation of a non-lethal heat stress response. Furthermore, quantitative global proteomic analysis conducted on TMT-labeled proteins combined with metabolome analysis revealed that mtl1Δ strains exhibit decreased levels of metabolites of carboxylic acid metabolism, decreased ...


Computational And Experimental Investigation Into The Determinants Of Protein Structure, Folding, And Stability In The Β-Grasp Superfamily, John T. Bedford II 2021 Old Dominion University

Computational And Experimental Investigation Into The Determinants Of Protein Structure, Folding, And Stability In The Β-Grasp Superfamily, John T. Bedford Ii

Chemistry & Biochemistry Theses & Dissertations

Elucidating the mechanisms of protein folding and unfolding is one of the greatest scientific challenges in basic science. The overarching goal is to predict three-dimensional structures from their amino acid sequences. Understanding the determinants of protein folding and stability can be facilitated through the study of evolutionarily related but diverse proteins. Insights can also be gained through the study of proteins from extremophiles that may more closely resemble the primordial proteins. In this doctoral research, three aims were accomplished to characterize the structure, folding and unfolding behavior within the β-grasp superfamily. We propose that the determinants of structure, stability, and ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress