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Effectiveness Of Adeno-Associated Virus In H9c2 Cardiomyoblast And Hek293t Cell Lines, Cristian Saenz, Andres J. Medina, Genaro A. Ramirez-Correa 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Effectiveness Of Adeno-Associated Virus In H9c2 Cardiomyoblast And Hek293t Cell Lines, Cristian Saenz, Andres J. Medina, Genaro A. Ramirez-Correa

MEDI 8127 Scholarly Activities Pre-Clerkship

Diabetes mellitus type 2 (DMT2) is a prevalent disease that affects many people throughout the world leading to issues such as diabetic cardiomyopathy. O-GlcNAcylation dysregulation, caused by increased levels of serum glucose, contributes to the pathophysiology of decreased cardiac function. O-GlcNAcylation modulates cardiac contraction by reacting with either serine or threonine residues. Our goal was to demonstrate the success of infection of adeno-associated virus 9 (AAV9) carrying the gene of alpha-cardiac actin (ACTC) mutated at Thr326. Here we show the expression of the mutant ACTC T326D in H9C2 cardiomyoblasts and HEK293T cell lines. Expression in H9C2 cells was significantly increased ...


Effects Of Self-Myofascial Release Instruments On Performance And Recovery: An Umbrella Review, Ricardo M. Ferreira, Pedro N. Martins, Rui S. Gonçalves 2022 IPMAIA

Effects Of Self-Myofascial Release Instruments On Performance And Recovery: An Umbrella Review, Ricardo M. Ferreira, Pedro N. Martins, Rui S. Gonçalves

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(3): 861-883, 2022. Introduction: Currently, the use of self-myofascial release (SMR) instruments is not uncommon in our society, especially in sports. The most common SMR instruments are foam rollers, roller massagers, and balls. Regardless of the instrument used, the main objectives are to enhance performance and recovery. Nevertheless, many studies point out that there is still a lack of robust scientific evidence documenting the exact mechanisms that explain its true effects, therefore some authors affirm that the reported benefits are anecdotal in nature. Objective: This overview aims to summarize, from systematic reviews, the effectiveness ...


The Effects Of Acute Caffeine Supplementation On Repeated-Sprint Ability In Healthy Young Non-Athletes, Michael D. Belbis, Peter J. Chomentowski 3rd, Clayton L. Camic, Steve M. Howell, Shuqi Zhang 2022 Purdue University, West Lafayette

The Effects Of Acute Caffeine Supplementation On Repeated-Sprint Ability In Healthy Young Non-Athletes, Michael D. Belbis, Peter J. Chomentowski 3rd, Clayton L. Camic, Steve M. Howell, Shuqi Zhang

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 846-860, 2022. The ergogenic effects of caffeine supplementation on repeated-sprint ability (RSA) have produced equivocal results. This study aimed to examine the effects of 200 mg of caffeine during repeated-sprint running on heart rate (HR), rating of perceived exertion (RPE), blood lactate (BLa) concentration, and sprint time (ST). Thirty-two individuals (males: n = 17, females: n = 15; age: 22 ± 1 years) participated in the study. The study followed a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover design, in which each participant ingested 200 mg of caffeine or placebo on separate visits 60 minutes prior to repeated-sprinting exercise ...


Acute Handgrip Fatigue And Forearm Girth In Recreational Sport Rock Climbers, Grace Antoinette Macdonald, Jacob W. Manning, Nathaniel Bodell, John C. Young, Brian K. Schilling, Szu-Ping Lee, James W. Navalta 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Acute Handgrip Fatigue And Forearm Girth In Recreational Sport Rock Climbers, Grace Antoinette Macdonald, Jacob W. Manning, Nathaniel Bodell, John C. Young, Brian K. Schilling, Szu-Ping Lee, James W. Navalta

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 834-845, 2022. Indoor sport rock climbing has been increasing in popularity both recreationally and competitively. Despite this increase in popularity, the physiological responses to sport climbing as an exercise to specific muscle groups are not well defined. The purpose of this study was to quantify the change in handgrip strength over a 30-minute bout of continuous climbing, specifically in intermediate-level sport climbers. Ten intermediate rock climbers (age = 27 ± 2 years; climbing experience: 7.3 ± 1.5 years) completed baseline handgrip strength and forearm girth measurements. Each participant ascended one of two 5.9 ...


Development Of A Standard Push-Up Scale For College-Aged Females, Melanie M. Adams, Sophie A. Hatch, Elizabeth G. Winsor, Caitlyn Parmelee 2022 Keene State College

Development Of A Standard Push-Up Scale For College-Aged Females, Melanie M. Adams, Sophie A. Hatch, Elizabeth G. Winsor, Caitlyn Parmelee

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 820-833, 2022. The ACSM/CESP push-up test exemplifies the limiting nature of the gender binary in fitness. Males perform the standard push-up (from toes) while females perform the modified push-up (from knees), even if capable of multiple standard push-ups. Differences in upper body strength are used to justify the test protocol. Though the load difference between modified and standard positions is substantially less than the gender strength gap. Additionally, current fitness ratings are over 30 years old. The purpose of this study was to develop a new standard push-up rating scale for college-age ...


Lifestyle Choices And Risk Of Developing Cardiovascular Disease In College Students, Dieu-My T. Tran, Angela E. Silvestri-Elmore, Angela Sojobi 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Lifestyle Choices And Risk Of Developing Cardiovascular Disease In College Students, Dieu-My T. Tran, Angela E. Silvestri-Elmore, Angela Sojobi

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 808-819, 2022. The purpose of the study was to examine and evaluate the cardiovascular risk factors in college students including their nutritional and social choices and how those choices related to their cardiovascular health. A descriptive, cross-sectional study of 148 college students, obtaining their blood pressure, body mass index, fasting lipid panel, fasting glucose, hemoglobin A1c, serum cotinine levels, physical activity, alcohol consumption, and dietary habits. A high prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors was found: 23.8% were current or past smokers with more male than female smokers (p = .009); 65.5 ...


Differences Between Pullover And Pulldown Exercises On Maximal Isometric Force And Myoelectric Activity In Recreationally-Trained Men, Luis Felipe M. Teixeira, Willy A. Gomes, Josinaldo J. da Silva, Roberto A. Magalhaes, Paulo Henrique Marchetti 2022 Campinas State University, Campinas

Differences Between Pullover And Pulldown Exercises On Maximal Isometric Force And Myoelectric Activity In Recreationally-Trained Men, Luis Felipe M. Teixeira, Willy A. Gomes, Josinaldo J. Da Silva, Roberto A. Magalhaes, Paulo Henrique Marchetti

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 797-807, 2022. The aim of the present study was to compare the myoelectric activation and peak force (PF) between pullover (PO) and pulldown (PW) exercises in different shoulder joint positions during maximal isometric contractions (0º, 45º, 90º, 135º, and 180°). Fifteen young, healthy, resistance-trained men were recruited. The participants performed three maximal voluntary isometric contractions for each exercise at five shoulder joint positions. The myoelectric activation (iEMG) from pectoralis major (PM); latissimus dorsi (LD); posterior deltoid (PD), and PF were measured. For PF, there were significant main effects for exercise and joint positions ...


Unilateral Handgrip Holds To Failure Result In Sex-Dependent Contralateral Facilitation, Caleb C. Voskuil, Taylor K. Dinyer-McNeely, Pasquale J. Succi, Marilyn S. Campbell, Mark G. Abel, Haley C. Bergstrom 2022 University of Kentucky

Unilateral Handgrip Holds To Failure Result In Sex-Dependent Contralateral Facilitation, Caleb C. Voskuil, Taylor K. Dinyer-Mcneely, Pasquale J. Succi, Marilyn S. Campbell, Mark G. Abel, Haley C. Bergstrom

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 782-796, 2022. This study examined changes in maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) force following dominant (Dm) and nondominant (NDm) unilateral, handgrip isometric holds to failure (HTF) for the exercised ipsilateral (IPS) and non-exercised contralateral (CON) limbs and determined if there are sex- and hand- (Dm vs NDm) dependent responses in the HTF time, performance fatigability (PF) for the exercised IPS limb, and changes in MVIC force for the CON limb after unilateral fatigue. Ten men and 10 women (Age = 22.2 years) completed an isometric HTF at 50% MVIC for the Dm and ...


High And Low-Speed Resistance Training Induce Similar Physical And Functional Responses In Older Women, Ádria S. N. Noronha, Eduardo M. Penna, Rayra K. N. Dias, Antenor B. C. de Azevedo, Victor S. Coswig 2022 Federal University of Pará

High And Low-Speed Resistance Training Induce Similar Physical And Functional Responses In Older Women, Ádria S. N. Noronha, Eduardo M. Penna, Rayra K. N. Dias, Antenor B. C. De Azevedo, Victor S. Coswig

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 771-782, 2022. This study aimed to compare the effects of high-speed resistance training (HSRT) and low-speed resistance training (LSRT) in physical fitness, and functional performance in untrained older women. Twenty-four women (62.2 ± 2.7 years old) were allocated to the HSRT or LSRT groups. The HSRT and LSRT groups underwent a similar training program [3 sets of 8 to 12 repetitions at 90% of 10 maximum repetitions] for 14 weeks, twice a week. The LSRT group performed the exercises with 3 seconds in the concentric and eccentric phases, while the HSRT group ...


The Effects Of Vitamin D Supplementation On Athletic Performance And Injury Prevention, Amani Adeeb Abushamma 2022 Wright State University

The Effects Of Vitamin D Supplementation On Athletic Performance And Injury Prevention, Amani Adeeb Abushamma

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

Vitamin D supplementation has numerous effects on athletic performance and plays a significant role in preventing an athlete’s risk of getting injuries. Vitamin D has an impact on numerous physiological functions such as: bone health, muscle function, inflammatory response, and immune function. An athlete’s bone and muscle health are essential for maximum performance and career success. A bone fracture due to vitamin D deficiency can delay an athlete’s training and ultimately inhibit obtaining a collegiate scholarship and/or contract. A cross sectional study found that more than half of athletic trainers did not view 25-hydroxyvitamin D(25 ...


The Effect Of Breathing Patterns Common To Competitive Swimming On Gas Exchange And Muscle Deoxygenation During Heavy-Intensity Fartlek Exercise, Kevin J. Grossman 2022 The University of Western Ontario

The Effect Of Breathing Patterns Common To Competitive Swimming On Gas Exchange And Muscle Deoxygenation During Heavy-Intensity Fartlek Exercise, Kevin J. Grossman

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The purpose of this study was to compare the respiratory and muscle deoxygenation (HHb) responses of regulated breathing versus free-breathing, during continuous exercise (CONLD) and intermittent 5s breath holds (BH) (CONLD-BH), intermittent 5s sprint (FLK) and combined 5s BH and sprint (FLK-BH) followed by 25s of free-breathing. Oxygen uptake(V̇O2)was unchanged between CONLD (2.12±0.35L/min) and CONLD-BH (2.15±0.42L/min; p=0.116), and FLK (2.24±0.40L/min) and FLK-BH (2.20±0.45L/min; p=0.861). Δ[Hbtot]: CONLD (3.3±1.6µM) > CONLD-BH (-2.5±1 ...


Biochemistry Of Trehalose Accumulation In The Spring Field Cricket, Gryllus Veletis, Alyssa R. Stephens 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Biochemistry Of Trehalose Accumulation In The Spring Field Cricket, Gryllus Veletis, Alyssa R. Stephens

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The freeze tolerant spring field cricket, Gryllus veletis, accumulates trehalose in the blood and tissues during cold acclimation. Trehalose is the main blood sugar in insects, thus its blood concentration is tightly regulated, and trehalose is readily metabolized. How do crickets modify their metabolism to accumulate trehalose in their hemolymph and tissues? I hypothesized that trehalose production, transport, and consumption were modified during the cold acclimation to facilitate trehalose accumulation. Trehalose and the trehalose-specific transporter, TRET-1, are distributed among all tissues, and trehalose accumulates in the hemolymph, fat body, Malpighian tubules, and gut. Trehalose production increases during cold acclimation via ...


Influence Of Resistance Training Exercise Order On Acute Thyroid Hormone Responses, José Maria Pereira da Silva, Gabriel Costa e Silva, Rodrigo Rodrigues da Conceição, Roberto Laureano-Melo, Gisele Giannocco, Monica Akemi Sato, Cláudio Melibeu Bentes, Roberto Fares Simão 2022 University of Rio de Janeiro

Influence Of Resistance Training Exercise Order On Acute Thyroid Hormone Responses, José Maria Pereira Da Silva, Gabriel Costa E Silva, Rodrigo Rodrigues Da Conceição, Roberto Laureano-Melo, Gisele Giannocco, Monica Akemi Sato, Cláudio Melibeu Bentes, Roberto Fares Simão

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 760-770, 2022. The present study aimed to compare the exercise order of an acute bout of resistance exercise (RT) on acute thyroid hormonal responses. Eight (n = 8) healthy men were randomly separated into two experimental groups: A) the order from multi- to single-joint exercises (MJ-SJ) and B) the order from single- to multijoint exercises (SJ-MJ). For all exercises in both orders, the subjects were submitted to 3 sets of 10 repetitions, with rest intervals of 2 minutes between sets and 3 minutes between exercises. Blood samples were collected at rest and 0, 15 ...


Women's Health: Optimal Nutrition Throughout The Lifecycle, Edith J M Feskens, Regan Bailey, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Hans-Konrad Biesalski, Heather Eicher-Miller, Klaus Krämer, Wen-Harn Pan, James C. Griffiths 2022 Wageningen University

Women's Health: Optimal Nutrition Throughout The Lifecycle, Edith J M Feskens, Regan Bailey, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Hans-Konrad Biesalski, Heather Eicher-Miller, Klaus Krämer, Wen-Harn Pan, James C. Griffiths

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Sex differences are an important consideration when researching and establishing policies for nutrition and optimal health. For women's health, there are important physiologic, neurologic, and hormonal distinctions throughout the lifecycle that impact nutritional needs. Distinct from those for men, these nutritional needs must be translated into appropriate nutrition policy that aims to not only avoid overt nutritional deficiency, but also to promote health and minimize risk for chronic disease. Through a series of webinars, scientific experts discussed the advances in the understanding of the unique nutritional needs, challenges and opportunities of the various life stages for women across the ...


Prediction Of Functional Threshold Power From Graded Exercise Test Data In Highly-Trained Individuals, Eanna Mc Grath, Bernard Donne, Alessio Benavoli, Neil Fleming, Nicholas Mahony 2022 Trinity College Dublin

Prediction Of Functional Threshold Power From Graded Exercise Test Data In Highly-Trained Individuals, Eanna Mc Grath, Bernard Donne, Alessio Benavoli, Neil Fleming, Nicholas Mahony

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 747-759, 2022. The purpose of the current investigation was to derive an equation that could predict Functional Threshold Power (FTP) from Graded Exercise Test (GxT) data. The FTP test has been demonstrated to represent the highest cycling power output that can be maintained in a quasi-steady state for 60-min. Previous investigations to determine a comparable marker derived from a Graded Exercise test have had limited success to date. Consequently, the current study aimed to predict FTP from GxT data to provide an additional index of cycling performance. FTP has been reported to provide ...


An Examination Of Two Resistance Training Frequency Techniques In Morphological And Functional Adaptations Of The Patellar Tendon., Tiago Volpi Braz, Danilo Rodrigues Batista, Julio Benvenutti Bueno de Camargo, Luan Oenning Col, Wellington Gonçalves Dias, Guilherme Borsetti Businari, Jhenipher Moniky Rosolem, Felipe Alves Brigatto, Paulo Henrique Barbosa, Charles Ricardo Lopes 2022 Methodist University of Piracicaba, Sao Paulo

An Examination Of Two Resistance Training Frequency Techniques In Morphological And Functional Adaptations Of The Patellar Tendon., Tiago Volpi Braz, Danilo Rodrigues Batista, Julio Benvenutti Bueno De Camargo, Luan Oenning Col, Wellington Gonçalves Dias, Guilherme Borsetti Businari, Jhenipher Moniky Rosolem, Felipe Alves Brigatto, Paulo Henrique Barbosa, Charles Ricardo Lopes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 709-720, 2022. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of distinct resistance training frequencies with equated-volume conditions in morphological and functional adaptations of the patellar tendon. Twenty-seven recreationally resistance-trained subjects (men [n=17] and women [n=10]) (age: 20.8 ± 1.9 years [range 18 to 25 years]; height: 1.73 ± 9.8 cm; total body mass = 73.2 ± 11.7 kg; previous RT experience = 3.3 ± 1.6 years) volunteered to participate in this study. A total of 16 training sessions were performed during the study period. Each ...


Effects Of Two Different Exercise Training Programs Periodization On Anthropometric And Functional Parameters In People Living With Hiv: A Randomized Clinical Trial, Weverton Fonseca Soares, Vitor Lopes Soares, Hugo Ribeiro Zanetti, Fernando Freitas Neves, Mário Leon Silva-Vergara, Edmar Lacerda Mendes 2022 Federal University of Triângulo Mineiro

Effects Of Two Different Exercise Training Programs Periodization On Anthropometric And Functional Parameters In People Living With Hiv: A Randomized Clinical Trial, Weverton Fonseca Soares, Vitor Lopes Soares, Hugo Ribeiro Zanetti, Fernando Freitas Neves, Mário Leon Silva-Vergara, Edmar Lacerda Mendes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(3): 733-746, 2022. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of two different exercise training programs periodization on anthropometric and functional parameters in people living with HIV (PLHIV). This was a randomized clinical trial that involved participants (n = 31) living with HIV aged over 18 years and undergoing antiretroviral therapy which were randomized to periodized exercise training (PET; n = 13), non-periodized exercise training (NPET; n = 13), or control group (CON; n = 15). The PET and NPET groups performed 12 weeks of combined training while the CON group maintained the usual activities ...


The Relationship Between Eating Disorders, Weight Control Methods, And Body Satisfaction In Elite Female Runners Competing At The 2020 U.S. Olympic Marathon Trials, Sophia Charitou, Kelly Pritchett, Dana Ogan, Abigail Larson 2022 Central Washington University

The Relationship Between Eating Disorders, Weight Control Methods, And Body Satisfaction In Elite Female Runners Competing At The 2020 U.S. Olympic Marathon Trials, Sophia Charitou, Kelly Pritchett, Dana Ogan, Abigail Larson

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 721-732, 2022. Athletes participating in endurance sports report frequent attempts to lose weight and greater training volumes in attempt to gain a competitive advantage. Increased exercise energy expenditure through training, weight periodization, and prevalence of eating disorder (ED) may affect energy availability. Low energy availability (LEA) is associated with negative physiological effects and an increased risk of bone fractures and illness in athletes. This study investigated the relationship between self-reported history of an ED with training, body satisfaction, and weight-control methods among female Olympic marathon trials participants. Female runners (n = 146; 30.8 ...


Analysis Of Tear-Film Breakup Using Fluorescence Video Recordings, Tobin Driscoll, Richard Braun, Rayanne Luke, Carolyn G. Begley 2022 University of Delaware

Analysis Of Tear-Film Breakup Using Fluorescence Video Recordings, Tobin Driscoll, Richard Braun, Rayanne Luke, Carolyn G. Begley

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Participation In Higher Intensity Physical Activity Predicts Lower Depressive Symptom Incidence In College Students, Lucas D. Elliott, Oliver Wilson, Michele Duffey, Melissa Bopp 2022 The Pennsylvania State University

Participation In Higher Intensity Physical Activity Predicts Lower Depressive Symptom Incidence In College Students, Lucas D. Elliott, Oliver Wilson, Michele Duffey, Melissa Bopp

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(7): 667-675, 2022. The prevalence of depression and insufficient physical activity (PA) continue to rise in the United States, particularly among college students. PA is typically associated with decreased levels of depressive symptoms; however, the association between different intensities of PA and depressive symptoms is unclear among college students. The aim of this study was to examine how well weekly moderate PA (MPA), vigorous PA (VPA) and strength training (ST) volumes predicted depressive symptoms in college students. Students self-reported weekly MPA, VPA, ST, depressive symptoms (CESD-7), restful nights of sleep, grade point average (GPA ...


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