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Using A Walking Test To Assess Firefighter Fitness, Stephanie Donahue, Bilal Chaudhry, Carly McMorrow, Morgan Daly, Summer B. Cook, Michael Brian, Deborah L. Feairheller 2024 Department of Kinesiology, University of New Hampshire; Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Using A Walking Test To Assess Firefighter Fitness, Stephanie Donahue, Bilal Chaudhry, Carly Mcmorrow, Morgan Daly, Summer B. Cook, Michael Brian, Deborah L. Feairheller

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(4): 285-297, 2024. Tactical populations face increased risk on the job, and it is known that firefighters have high levels of cardiac-related death. Aerobic fitness is a modifiable cardiac risk factor, but many fire stations lack the proper equipment to easily assess aerobic fitness levels of their firefighters. Additionally, many fire stations lack wellness programs to hold firefighters accountable for maintaining their fitness levels. Purpose: We assessed the validity of the submaximal 6-minute walk test (6MWT) as a measure of aerobic capacity compared to a maximal treadmill test and the submaximal Gerkin protocol. Methods: Twenty-four …


Influence Of The International Journal Of Exercise Science, Duane V. Knudson, Gracie K. Burson 2024 Texas State University

Influence Of The International Journal Of Exercise Science, Duane V. Knudson, Gracie K. Burson

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(2): 265-273, 2024. The International Journal of Exercise Science (IJES) publishes research from numerous subdisciplines of exercise science and health. This study documented the scholarly influence of the initial 15-year history (2008-2022) of the IJES. Publication, indexing, from the IJES website and four database services: Dimensions, Google Scholar (GS), PubMed, and SCImago Journal & Rank. The IJES has published 1055 articles in 79 issues in the first 15 years. The top 106 (10%) cited articles received a total of 7,195 citations according to GS. Top-cited IJES articles …


Acute Effects In Postural Sway As A Result Of Self-Myofascial Release On The Lower Extremities In Collegiate Female Athletes., MacKenzie Melton, Andrew Shim, Monica Dial, Guilherme M. Cesar 2024 College of Saint Mary

Acute Effects In Postural Sway As A Result Of Self-Myofascial Release On The Lower Extremities In Collegiate Female Athletes., Mackenzie Melton, Andrew Shim, Monica Dial, Guilherme M. Cesar

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(1): 274-284, 2024. Myofascial release is a popular therapy technique used to manipulate connective muscle tissue to become more pliable. The maintenance of body posture relies on mechanoreceptors located in connective tissue, thus manipulation of connective tissue should affect postural control. The effects of this phenomenon have not been well studied, leaving room for this investigation. PURPOSE: To observe if postural sway scores changed before and after foam rolling proximal (quadriceps and hamstrings) in comparison to distal (calves) muscles. METHODS: Thirty-six, college-aged female athletes (age 20.39 ± 0.25 years, mass 68.70 ± 1.97 kg, height …


Effects Of Hypopressive Exercise On Dynamic Neuromuscular Control In Female Roller-Skaters, Esther Hernández-Rovira, Tamara Rial-Rebullido, Diego A. Alonso-Aubin, Dolors Cañabate Ortiz 2024 University of Girona

Effects Of Hypopressive Exercise On Dynamic Neuromuscular Control In Female Roller-Skaters, Esther Hernández-Rovira, Tamara Rial-Rebullido, Diego A. Alonso-Aubin, Dolors Cañabate Ortiz

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(6): 252-264, 2024. The effects of hypopressive exercise (HE) on dynamic balance have never been studied. We aimed to study the effects of a HE program on dynamic balance, posterior chain kinematics and expiratory peak flow on female competitive roller skaters over a 6-week training period. Twenty competitive female roller-skaters (13-22 years of age, SD 2.25) performed a 30-minute HE session once weekly before the regular roller-skating practice for 6 weeks. The HE program consisted of breathing and postural awareness exercises in addition to 5 basic HE poses performed three times each. Dynamic neuromuscular control …


Correlation Between Lower-Body Strength And Performance Tests Among Female Ncaa Division Ii Softball Players, Elizabeth L. Alfaro, JoCarol Shields, Javier Zaragoza, Marcel Lopes Dos Santos, J. Jay Dawes, Doug Smith 2024 Oklahoma State University

Correlation Between Lower-Body Strength And Performance Tests Among Female Ncaa Division Ii Softball Players, Elizabeth L. Alfaro, Jocarol Shields, Javier Zaragoza, Marcel Lopes Dos Santos, J. Jay Dawes, Doug Smith

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(4): 212-219, 2024. Softball is a sport that requires speed, agility, and lower-body power to be successful. Accordingly, strength and conditioning programs have focused on improving speed and lower-body power, which are beneficial to players performing softball-related tasks. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between absolute and relative lower-body strength to performance measures among female collegiate softball players. Archived data collected during pre-season performance testing for twenty-one (n = 21) NCAA Division II collegiate softball players was used for this analysis. Measurements included countermovement jump (CMJ), broad jump (BJ), linear …


Isokinetic Shoulder Strength And Its Associations To Injury In Tactical Populations: A Critical Review, Michael Wilkinson, Steven Obst, Joshua Guy 2024 Central Queensland University

Isokinetic Shoulder Strength And Its Associations To Injury In Tactical Populations: A Critical Review, Michael Wilkinson, Steven Obst, Joshua Guy

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(3): 235-251, 2024. The aim of this review is to evaluate existing isokinetic testing protocols for the shoulder in tactical occupations, document their shoulder strength profiles, and determine any associations to shoulder injury. Four electronic databases were searched (Medline/Pubmed, Ovid/Emcare, CINAHL/Ebsco and Embase) using the keywords police OR law enforcement, firefighter, military, AND isokinetic. Articles were eligible if they had at least one cohort of a tactical population and included isokinetic testing of the glenohumeral joint. The search yielded 275 articles. After screening for duplicates and inclusion criteria, 19 articles remained for review, six of …


Changes In Brain Activity Immediately Post-Exercise Indicate A Role For Central Fatigue In The Volitional Termination Of Exercise, Grant Chesbro, Cameron Owens, Melody Reese, Lisa DeStefano, J. Mikhail Kellawan, Daniel Larson, Michael Wenger, Rebecca Larson 2024 University of Oklahoma Norman Campus

Changes In Brain Activity Immediately Post-Exercise Indicate A Role For Central Fatigue In The Volitional Termination Of Exercise, Grant Chesbro, Cameron Owens, Melody Reese, Lisa Destefano, J. Mikhail Kellawan, Daniel Larson, Michael Wenger, Rebecca Larson

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(1): 220-234, 2024. Electroencephalography (EEG) allows for the evaluation of real time changes in brain (electrocortical) activity during exercise. A few studies have examined changes in electrocortical activity using stationary cycling, but the findings have been mixed. Some of these studies have found increases in brain activity following exercise, while others have found decreases in brain activity following exercise. Hence, it is of importance to identify post-exercise changes in brain activity. Sixteen healthy, untrained subjects (8 males; 8 females) participated in the study. All 16 participants performed a graded exercise test (GXT) to volitional exhaustion …


Formulation Of Preservation Solutions For Model Generation With In Vivo Tissue Morphology, Holly Pickett 2024 Purdue University

Formulation Of Preservation Solutions For Model Generation With In Vivo Tissue Morphology, Holly Pickett

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of The Covid-19 Pandemic And A Physical Therapy Program On Students’ Health Outcomes, Kristin S. Moreno, Caitlyn P. Ferguson, Vanessa A. Garcia, Manuel Gomez, Alvaro N. Gurovich 2024 The University of Texas at El Paso

The Impact Of The Covid-19 Pandemic And A Physical Therapy Program On Students’ Health Outcomes, Kristin S. Moreno, Caitlyn P. Ferguson, Vanessa A. Garcia, Manuel Gomez, Alvaro N. Gurovich

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(3): 199-211, 2024. The COVID-19 pandemic affected many aspects of everyday life including school, fitness regimens, and social interactions. The purpose of this study is to understand how COVID-19 restrictions affect the cardiovascular and mental health of Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) students as they progressed through the program. Data collection occurred in 16 DPT students (8F:8M, 24±3 years) over a total of 3 visits from 2020 to 2022, during high, moderate, and low COVID-19 restrictions. Outcome measures included VO2max, Venous Occlusion Plethysmography (VOP), %fat mass measured via DEXA, Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and International …


Estimating Physical Activity And Sleep Using The Combination Of Movement And Heart Rate: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, JAMES W. WHITE III, CHRISTOPHER D. PFLEDDERER, PARKER KINARD, MICHAEL W. BEETS, LAUREN von KLINGGRAEFF, BRIDGET ARMSTRONG, ELIZABETH L. ADAMS, GREGORY J. WELK, SARAH BURKART, R. GLENN WEAVER 2024 University of South Carolina

Estimating Physical Activity And Sleep Using The Combination Of Movement And Heart Rate: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, James W. White Iii, Christopher D. Pfledderer, Parker Kinard, Michael W. Beets, Lauren Von Klinggraeff, Bridget Armstrong, Elizabeth L. Adams, Gregory J. Welk, Sarah Burkart, R. Glenn Weaver

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 16(7): 1514-1539, 2023. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to quantify the difference in physical activity and sleep estimates assessed via 1) movement, 2) heart rate (HR), or 3) the combination of movement and HR (MOVE+HR) compared to criterion indicators of the outcomes. Searches in four electronic databases were executed September 21-24 of 2021. Weighted mean was calculated from standardized group-level estimates of mean percent error (MPE) and mean absolute percent error (MAPE) of the proxy signal compared to the criterion measurement method for physical activity, HR, or sleep. Standardized mean difference (SMD) effect sizes …


Older Persons Participation In Hard Martial Arts: Opportunities To Improve Psychological Well-Being? A Scoping Review., Dan Sullivan, Mike Climstein, Brian Moore, Luke Del Vecchio Dr 2024 Southern Cross University

Older Persons Participation In Hard Martial Arts: Opportunities To Improve Psychological Well-Being? A Scoping Review., Dan Sullivan, Mike Climstein, Brian Moore, Luke Del Vecchio Dr

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(5): 183-198, 2024. This study aims to explore the potential psychological and cognitive advantages for older individuals engaged in hard martial arts (HMA), through a comprehensive scoping review of literature up to 2023. Specifically, it examines the extent of changes in cognition, mental state, and quality of life among elderly participants of HMA. Inclusion criteria were studies conducted on healthy persons who were over 50 years of age. Only papers published in the English language were included. The search was undertaken in electronic databases and sources of grey literature. Thirteen papers with a total of …


Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of Rotc Army Cadet Exercise Training For The Army Combat Fitness Test, Simone A. Cannon, Jake A. Mintz, Brandon Roberts, Kelsey Rushing, Gregor W. Jenkins, Gordon Fisher, Eric P. Plaisance, Cody E. Morris 2024 University of Alabama at Birmingham

Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of Rotc Army Cadet Exercise Training For The Army Combat Fitness Test, Simone A. Cannon, Jake A. Mintz, Brandon Roberts, Kelsey Rushing, Gregor W. Jenkins, Gordon Fisher, Eric P. Plaisance, Cody E. Morris

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(4): 172-182, 2024. The Army Combat Fitness Test (ACFT) is used to evaluate the fitness level of potential Cadets for military readiness. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the exercise training program implemented by an Army Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC) program to gauge the performance metrics of the ACFT. METHODS: Twenty-six student Cadets of the ROTC at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) program participated in the study. Over an 8-month period, the ROTC Cadets trained on campus three days per week. Training was performed in a circuit …


Acute Effects Of Post-Activation Performance Enhancement Exercises On Army Combat Fitness Test Performance, Christopher Bonilla, Robert L. Herron, Greg Ryan, Jason Casey, Brandon Spradley 2024 United States Sports Academy

Acute Effects Of Post-Activation Performance Enhancement Exercises On Army Combat Fitness Test Performance, Christopher Bonilla, Robert L. Herron, Greg Ryan, Jason Casey, Brandon Spradley

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(4): 154-171, 2024. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of implementing task-specific, post-activation performance enhancement (PAPE) strategies, to acutely improve Army Combat Fitness Test (ACFT) performance. Nineteen ROTC cadets completed two ACFTs, separated by 72 hours. Approximately half (n = 10) completed the traditional “Preparation Drill” as their warm-up prior to the first session and added PAPE warm-up strategies as part of their second session. The other group (n = 9) completed the treatments in the opposite order to facilitate a repeated-measures, crossover design. The participants’ composite ACFT score was used …


Studying Adherence To Reporting Standards In Kinesiology: A Post-Publication Peer Review Brief Report, Nikki M. Watson, Jafra D. Thomas 2024 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Studying Adherence To Reporting Standards In Kinesiology: A Post-Publication Peer Review Brief Report, Nikki M. Watson, Jafra D. Thomas

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(7): 25-37, 2024. To demonstrate how post-publication peer reviews—using journal article reporting standards—could improve the design and write-up of kinesiology research, the authors performed a post-publication peer review on one systematic literature review published in 2020. Two raters (1st & 2nd authors) critically appraised the case article between April and May 2021. The latest Journal Article Reporting Standards by the American Psychological Association relevant to the review were used: i.e., Table 1 (quantitative research standards) and Table 9 (research synthesis standards). A standard fully met was deemed satisfactory. Per Krippendorff’s alpha-coefficient, inter-rater agreement …


Effects Of Supramaximal Anderson Quarter-Squats As A Potentiating Stimulus On Discus Performance In Division I Throwers: A Pilot Study, Ogochukwu I. Nwachukwu, Mark DeBeliso PhD, Marcus M. Lawrence PhD 2024 Southern Utah University

Effects Of Supramaximal Anderson Quarter-Squats As A Potentiating Stimulus On Discus Performance In Division I Throwers: A Pilot Study, Ogochukwu I. Nwachukwu, Mark Debeliso Phd, Marcus M. Lawrence Phd

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(6): 99-114, 2024. No study has assessed supramaximal (over 100% 1RM) back squat variations as a potentiating stimulus in collegiate throwers. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that a supramaximal Anderson (bottom-up) quarter squat potentiating stimulus would improve discus throw performance in Division I throwers compared to a dynamic warm-up alone. Nine NCAA division I thrower athletes (age: 20.1±1.4 years; 1RM back squat/body weight: 2.5±0.4 kg) randomly completed two sessions separated by at least 72 hours. One session involved a standardized dynamic warm-up alone (DyWU) followed by three trials of maximal …


The Relationship Between Athlete Perceptions Of Coaching Leadership Behaviors And Athlete Grit, Landon Braun, Lindsay Ross-Stewart, BARBARA B. MEYER 2024 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

The Relationship Between Athlete Perceptions Of Coaching Leadership Behaviors And Athlete Grit, Landon Braun, Lindsay Ross-Stewart, Barbara B. Meyer

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(5): 12-23, 2023. Coach leadership style has long been positively correlated with athlete experiences such as motivation, health (i.e., burnout), and performance outcomes (i.e., enhanced execution time to complete tasks) (24). More recently, grit (18) has been positively correlated with athlete experiences such as engagement (39) and decreased burnout (32). Given the impact coaches have on their athletes and the positive psychological benefits of grit, it is reasonable to explore the intersections of coaching behaviors and grit. As such, the purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship between athlete perceptions of coach …


Fat-Free Mass Index In A Large Sample Of Collegiate American Football Athletes, Jennifer B. Fields, Margaret T. Jones, Adam Feit, Meghan K. Magee, Nicholas M. Kuhlman, Andrew R. Jagim 2024 University of Connecticut

Fat-Free Mass Index In A Large Sample Of Collegiate American Football Athletes, Jennifer B. Fields, Margaret T. Jones, Adam Feit, Meghan K. Magee, Nicholas M. Kuhlman, Andrew R. Jagim

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(4): 129-139, 2024. High levels of fat-free mass (FFM) are favorable for athletes and are related to sport performance. However, fat-free mass index (FFMI), which includes adjustments for height, may offer a better way to characterize FFM beyond raw values. As FFMI is understudied relative to sport, the purpose of the current study was to assess position and age group differences in FFMI among collegiate American football players. National Collegiate Athletic Association DIII (n=111) football players underwent body composition assessment via bioelectrical impedance analysis. FFMI was calculated by dividing FFM by height squared. One-way analyses …


Stance Time And Impact Loading Rates Are Significant Predictors Of Critical Speed During A 3-Minute All-Out Running Test, Trevor Short, Cris Stickley, Bret Freemyer, Andrew Takata, Paulette Yamada 2024 University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa

Stance Time And Impact Loading Rates Are Significant Predictors Of Critical Speed During A 3-Minute All-Out Running Test, Trevor Short, Cris Stickley, Bret Freemyer, Andrew Takata, Paulette Yamada

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(4): 115-128, 2024. The addition of wearable technology during a 3-minute all-out overground running test (3MAOT) could provide additional insights to guide training and coaching strategies. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between critical speed (CS) and biomechanical parameters (cadence, stride length, vertical oscillation, stance time, form power, leg spring stiffness, and impact loading rate), and changes in biomechanical parameters throughout the 3MAOT. Sixty-three (male, n=37, female, n=26) recreationally active college-aged (23.4±3.9 years) subjects completed a 3MAOT while wearing a Stryd foot-pod. The correlations between CS and biomechanical parameters were evaluated …


Lower-Body Strength Relationships With Sprint, Jump, And Sport-Specific Skill Performance In High School Girls Softball Players, Robert G. Lockie, Jacob D. Patron, J. Jay Dawes, Erika Viramontes 2024 California State University, Fullerton

Lower-Body Strength Relationships With Sprint, Jump, And Sport-Specific Skill Performance In High School Girls Softball Players, Robert G. Lockie, Jacob D. Patron, J. Jay Dawes, Erika Viramontes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(4): 86-98, 2024. Softball athletes require multiple fitness traits (e.g., strength, speed, power) and sport-specific skills (e.g., hitting, throwing) for success. Lower-body strength could underpin these qualities; this has received little analysis among high school female athletes. This research investigated correlations between absolute and relative lower-body strength with age, linear speed, lower-body power, and throwing and hitting velocity in high school girls softball athletes. Archival data collected from 34 high school girls softball players (age=14.91±1.00 years; height=1.66±0.07 m; body mass=63.21±9.59 kg) from a private strength and conditioning facility was analyzed. The data included: age, height, …


Physical Fitness Responses After Sixteen Weeks Of Three Fitness Program Trainings In Untrained Subjects, Habil Hamdouni, Brian Kliszczewicz, Hassane Zouhal, Abderraouf Ben Abderrahman 2024 Higher Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Ksar-Said

Physical Fitness Responses After Sixteen Weeks Of Three Fitness Program Trainings In Untrained Subjects, Habil Hamdouni, Brian Kliszczewicz, Hassane Zouhal, Abderraouf Ben Abderrahman

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(4): 54 - 72, 2024. The remarkable popularity of fitness trends like high intensity functional training (HIFT), choreographed high intensity classes (CHIC) and resistance (RT) trainings raises the question on their effect on cardio-respiratory, lactate removal rate, endurance and body composition responses. The purpose of this study was to assess and compare these effects. Ninety-five participants were randomly assigned into 16 weeks of these trainings, five sessions/week. Anthropometric and fitness tests were carried out before training (PRE), after eight (8W) and sixteen weeks (16W). Body composition measures demonstrated significant decrease in body fat percentage ( …


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