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Addressing Athletes Coexisting Conditions Of Autism And Depression: Participants Self-Report Decreased Feelings Of Depression Post Exercise, Joshua Sutton, Saundra Shillingstad, Jessica Baldwin 2024 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Addressing Athletes Coexisting Conditions Of Autism And Depression: Participants Self-Report Decreased Feelings Of Depression Post Exercise, Joshua Sutton, Saundra Shillingstad, Jessica Baldwin

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

The goal of this study was to evaluate if exercise would decrease depressive symptoms of participants who reported having coexisting conditions of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and depression. Research has reported that autistic people have increased rates of depression, in comparison to general populations (Unruh et al., 2020). The purpose of this research was to evaluate if exercise would decrease depressive symptoms of the Unified Fitness athlete participants who self-identified as having depressive symptoms and ASD. This research was conducted during the Fall 2023 semester as an extension of the class Kinesiology Practicum, using the University of Nebraska Omaha (UNO) …


Ncaa Di Student-Athletes’ Understanding Of And Attitudes Toward Mental Performance Services, Allison Rudisill 2024 The University of Southern Mississippi

Ncaa Di Student-Athletes’ Understanding Of And Attitudes Toward Mental Performance Services, Allison Rudisill

Honors Theses

Mental performance services are designed to assist student-athletes with psychological challenges affiliated with performance (McHenry et al., 2022). Currently, only 65 NCAA DI athletic institutions employ a psychological provider, with only 23.2% of those being mental performance consultants (MPCs; Jones et al., 2022). As student athletes are aware of the mental demand of sport (Bemiller & Wrisberg, 2011) and the NCAA begins to bring awareness to the importance of the mental well-being of the athlete (NCAA Transformational Committee, 2023), it is important to understand student athletes’ attitudes toward these services. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to learn about …


The Impact Of Differing Instability Devices On Postural Sway Parameters, Kacey Wallace 2024 The University of Southern Mississippi

The Impact Of Differing Instability Devices On Postural Sway Parameters, Kacey Wallace

Honors Theses

Single-limb balance training is an integral part of preventing and rehabilitating lower extremity injuries. Practitioners use instability devices to provide a progressive overload to an individual during single-limb balance training sessions. Previous investigations have shown that when using instability devices, differences may or may not exist in postural sway parameters during use depending on the specific devices being assessed. Thus, this investigation sought to examine differences between a commonly used foam pad and a novel instability device (block) in measures of postural sway.

This experiment consisted of 22 healthy individuals with no history of lower extremity injury and neurological disorders. …


Reliability Of Popliteal Artery Flow-Mediated Dilation In The Seated Position, Taskina Akhter 2024 Old Dominion University

Reliability Of Popliteal Artery Flow-Mediated Dilation In The Seated Position, Taskina Akhter

Rehabilitation Sciences Theses & Dissertations

Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) is a noninvasive measurement of endothelial function, which is a useful prognostic tool for cardiovascular disease risk. Despite its widespread use since 1992, the reproducibility of FMD varies widely between studies. This variability in reproducibility is especially significant in the case of the popliteal artery due to different methodological approaches. Studies perform popliteal FMD in various body positions, with the prone and seated positions most common. However, no studies have examined the reproducibility of both the seated and prone positions of the popliteal artery FMD. Therefore, the aim of this study is to examine the test-retest and …


A Longitudinal Look At Student Attitude, Perceived Competence, And Fitness Test Performance Of Elementary Students, Risto Marttinen, Kevin Mercier, Jung Yeon Park, Kelly L. Simonton, Erin Centeio, Kevin Andrew Richards, Kathleen Wilson 2024 George Mason University

A Longitudinal Look At Student Attitude, Perceived Competence, And Fitness Test Performance Of Elementary Students, Risto Marttinen, Kevin Mercier, Jung Yeon Park, Kelly L. Simonton, Erin Centeio, Kevin Andrew Richards, Kathleen Wilson

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

The purpose of this study was to assess relationships between students’ attitudes toward physical education (PE), their perceived competence toward PE, and their fitness test performance, as well as how these relationships change over time. Measurements were conducted with validated instruments across five time points during two school years with fourth and fifth grade students across ten schools (n = 636, 48% = female). This study was developed to address a need for examining how attitudes and perceived competence change over time. Descriptive statistics and latent growth models were run with the variables of interest to investigate four research …


Using A Walking Test To Assess Firefighter Fitness, Stephanie Donahue, Bilal Chaudhry, Carly McMorrow, Morgan Daly, Summer B. Cook, Michael Brian, Deborah L. Feairheller 2024 Department of Kinesiology, University of New Hampshire; Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Using A Walking Test To Assess Firefighter Fitness, Stephanie Donahue, Bilal Chaudhry, Carly Mcmorrow, Morgan Daly, Summer B. Cook, Michael Brian, Deborah L. Feairheller

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(4): 285-297, 2024. Tactical populations face increased risk on the job, and it is known that firefighters have high levels of cardiac-related death. Aerobic fitness is a modifiable cardiac risk factor, but many fire stations lack the proper equipment to easily assess aerobic fitness levels of their firefighters. Additionally, many fire stations lack wellness programs to hold firefighters accountable for maintaining their fitness levels. Purpose: We assessed the validity of the submaximal 6-minute walk test (6MWT) as a measure of aerobic capacity compared to a maximal treadmill test and the submaximal Gerkin protocol. Methods: Twenty-four …


Influence Of The International Journal Of Exercise Science, Duane V. Knudson, Gracie K. Burson 2024 Texas State University

Influence Of The International Journal Of Exercise Science, Duane V. Knudson, Gracie K. Burson

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(2): 265-273, 2024. The International Journal of Exercise Science (IJES) publishes research from numerous subdisciplines of exercise science and health. This study documented the scholarly influence of the initial 15-year history (2008-2022) of the IJES. Publication, indexing, from the IJES website and four database services: Dimensions, Google Scholar (GS), PubMed, and SCImago Journal & Rank. The IJES has published 1055 articles in 79 issues in the first 15 years. The top 106 (10%) cited articles received a total of 7,195 citations according to GS. Top-cited IJES articles …


Acute Effects In Postural Sway As A Result Of Self-Myofascial Release On The Lower Extremities In Collegiate Female Athletes., MacKenzie Melton, Andrew Shim, Monica Dial, Guilherme M. Cesar 2024 College of Saint Mary

Acute Effects In Postural Sway As A Result Of Self-Myofascial Release On The Lower Extremities In Collegiate Female Athletes., Mackenzie Melton, Andrew Shim, Monica Dial, Guilherme M. Cesar

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(1): 274-284, 2024. Myofascial release is a popular therapy technique used to manipulate connective muscle tissue to become more pliable. The maintenance of body posture relies on mechanoreceptors located in connective tissue, thus manipulation of connective tissue should affect postural control. The effects of this phenomenon have not been well studied, leaving room for this investigation. PURPOSE: To observe if postural sway scores changed before and after foam rolling proximal (quadriceps and hamstrings) in comparison to distal (calves) muscles. METHODS: Thirty-six, college-aged female athletes (age 20.39 ± 0.25 years, mass 68.70 ± 1.97 kg, height …


A04: A Pilot Study On The Persistence Of Children's Online Sports Games, Haoye Shen, Xiaozan Wan, Meiyuan Chen, Mengke Kang, Hao Li, Yiang Yuan 2024 East China Normal University

A04: A Pilot Study On The Persistence Of Children's Online Sports Games, Haoye Shen, Xiaozan Wan, Meiyuan Chen, Mengke Kang, Hao Li, Yiang Yuan

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: In the post-epidemic era, children's physical activity has decreased sharply, and smart sports at home have gradually emerged, making online sports games an important path for children's sports participation. This pilot study was to explore the persistence of children's online sports game participation through exercise frequency recording and provided guidance for online sports game intervention programs. Methods: A total of 29 primary school children were enrolled, including 24 boys and 5 girls. Participants exercise autonomously through motion software. In this study, the movement of each participant was recorded through the background of the software system and exported to Excel. …


A08: Effects Of Participation In Sports Clubs Activity On College Students’ Perceived Stress And Well-Being, Zhonghui He, Hui Xie, Xiaoyuan Zhang 2024 Peking University

A08: Effects Of Participation In Sports Clubs Activity On College Students’ Perceived Stress And Well-Being, Zhonghui He, Hui Xie, Xiaoyuan Zhang

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Mandated social distancing to prevent the spread of COVID-19 pandemic has brought more anxiety and stress to college students. The primary purpose of this study was to examine whether college students' participation in sports club activities can reduce anxiety and stress. The secondary purpose was to compare the effects of different types of sport clubs. Methods: The sample consisted of 242 college students (143 males; mean age=22.63 years old) in an academically prestigious university. They were voluntarily enrolled in either team sports clubs, such as volleyball, football, baseball, and softball, etc. (n=96), or individual sports clubs, such as squash, …


A155: Research On The Influence Of Kinesthetic Intelligence Courses With Industrialized Education On Children's Physical Fitness, Yanli Luo, Xiaoming Gong, Yanqing Chen, Lianglei Xiana, Jie Luo, Kaidi Wu 2024 Sichuan University of Science and Engineering

A155: Research On The Influence Of Kinesthetic Intelligence Courses With Industrialized Education On Children's Physical Fitness, Yanli Luo, Xiaoming Gong, Yanqing Chen, Lianglei Xiana, Jie Luo, Kaidi Wu

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Nowadays, the industrialization of education has led to the shortage of teachers and consequently hindered resource allocation and curriculum optimization. These problems are profound for educators when applying Kinesthetic Intelligence (KI) curriculum for children in early childhood. This paper examines the impact of the current KI course delivery on children’s physical fitness to provide reference for researchers and educators. Methods: Forty-six kids were randomly selected from two intermediate Kindergarten classes and were divided into an experimental group (EG) and a control group (CG). A pre-test of physical fitness was done on eight indices such as stature, weight, throwing, and …


Inverse Association Between Exercising Blood Pressure Response And Left Ventricular Chamber Size And Mass In Women Who Habitually Resistance Train, Evan L. Matthews, John J. Guers, Meghan G. Ramick, Peter A. Hosick 2024 Montclair State University

Inverse Association Between Exercising Blood Pressure Response And Left Ventricular Chamber Size And Mass In Women Who Habitually Resistance Train, Evan L. Matthews, John J. Guers, Meghan G. Ramick, Peter A. Hosick

Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Exercise is a major modifiable lifestyle factor that leads to temporarily increased systolic blood pressure (SBP), which is thought to influence left ventricular mass normalized to body surface area (LVM/BSA). This relationship has never been studied in women who habitually perform resistance exercise. Purpose: To determine if a direct correlation exists between the SBP response to resistance exercise (change from rest; eSBP) and LVM/BSA in young healthy women who habitually resistance train. Methods: Leg extension resistance exercise was performed while continuously monitoring blood pressure using finger plethysmography. LVM was estimated using echocardiography. Data are shown as mean +/- SD. Results: …


A68: Volleyball Coaches' Leadership Behaviors And Athletes' Competition Anxiety: A Mediating Effect Of Sport Self-Confidence, Sixu Yi, Ke Wang 2024 Huazhong University of Science and Technology

A68: Volleyball Coaches' Leadership Behaviors And Athletes' Competition Anxiety: A Mediating Effect Of Sport Self-Confidence, Sixu Yi, Ke Wang

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Volleyball is not only a contest between technical and tactical levels, but also a duel between psychological and tactical aspects. Coaches' leadership behaviors play a key role in athletes' trust, team effectiveness and competition status. Coaches' leadership behaviors, as perceived from the athletes' perspective, have a greater impact on athletes' competition anxiety than the actual leadership behaviors of coaches. The purpose of this study was to examine how athletes perceived the possible role of coaches' leadership behaviors on college men's volleyball players' competition anxiety and the possible mediating effect of athletic self-confidence in it was examined. Methods: 216 athletes …


A108: Mood State Of The University Students During The Covid-19 And Its Influencing Factors: A Longitudinal Analysis Based On Three-Year Data, Liqiang Zhang, Huina Gao, Xiaozan Wang 2024 Xizang Minzu University

A108: Mood State Of The University Students During The Covid-19 And Its Influencing Factors: A Longitudinal Analysis Based On Three-Year Data, Liqiang Zhang, Huina Gao, Xiaozan Wang

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Employing a stratified random sampling approach, we conducted an investigation into the mental state and its influencing factors among 10,285 college students across 80 universities in 20 provinces (cities), spanning Beijing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shandong, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Tibet, Zhejiang, and Chongqing. This study, conducted in 2020, 2021, and 2022, aims to effectively enhance the mental well-being of college students within the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Frequency was employed to examine the basic characteristics of the respondents. The Pearson chi-square test was then utilized to test the rates …


A135: Challenges And Strategies Of Physical Fitness Course In Primary And Middle Schools, Yuxiao Lian, Haohui Liu, Zhihua Yin 2024 East China Normal University

A135: Challenges And Strategies Of Physical Fitness Course In Primary And Middle Schools, Yuxiao Lian, Haohui Liu, Zhihua Yin

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Developing students’ overall competencies and physical health is an important goal of physical education and health curriculum (PEHC). PEHC Standards for Compulsory Education (2022) and PEHC Standards for Senior High Schools (2017) both designate Physical Fitness as a required course to achieve this goal. To date, it’s not clear about how the course has been implemented and its effectiveness. Therefore, this study was to identify problems associated with teaching Physical Fitness courses in primary and middle schools in China and to propose strategies for an improved implementation. Methods: First, the literature from CNKI, East China Normal University Library was …


A10: Analyzing Perceptual Differences Toward Esports Among Students Across Various Educational Levels Of America, Xianhua Luo, Li Chen, Yong Yang, Hui Deng 2024 Delaware State University

A10: Analyzing Perceptual Differences Toward Esports Among Students Across Various Educational Levels Of America, Xianhua Luo, Li Chen, Yong Yang, Hui Deng

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Electronic sports (Esports) draw increasing attention in the world and become popular across institutions of American higher education. Scholars in Esports research have explored various findings and discussions related to education, marketing and promotion, organization and management, and sociology and psychology of sport. However, the perceptual differences of Esports participants remain unknown across educational levels across American institutions. The purposes of this study were to examine the perceptual differences toward Esports across educational levels in the United States. Methods: A total of 397 voluntary participates with various education levels took part in a reginal survey in the east coast …


A111: Relationship Between Physical Activity And Mental Toughness: A Cross-Sectional Study Among Chinese College Students, Ke Wang, Jiaju Hu 2024 Northwestern Polytechnical University

A111: Relationship Between Physical Activity And Mental Toughness: A Cross-Sectional Study Among Chinese College Students, Ke Wang, Jiaju Hu

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Physical activity has favorable impacts on exercisers' stress levels, psychological distress and anxiety, emotional regulation, and mental wellness. In recent years, the global outbreak of COVID-19 has subtly altered college students' lifestyles. Studies have shown that the physical and mental health of students has deteriorated dramatically, which is alarming. Mental toughness refers to the ability to adapt well in the face of major pressures, setbacks, and adversity in life. The purpose of the present study was to examine variations in mental toughness depending on the intensity, length, and frequency of physical activity. Methods: A total of 3,120 Chinese college …


A132: The Impact Of Baby Swimming On Motor Development Of Toddlers, Jiayu Gu, Yuhong Wen 2024 Chang'an University

A132: The Impact Of Baby Swimming On Motor Development Of Toddlers, Jiayu Gu, Yuhong Wen

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Infancy and early childhood are important stages of basic motor skills formation. Baby swimming provides a unique opportunity for toddlers aged 2–3 to develop motor skills. The literature documents that baby swimming can promote physical growth in toddlers, but how it affects motor development remains unclear. Therefore, the present study aims to address this gap. Methods: Using interviews, field investigations, assessment tools, this study was conducted in two stages. Stage 1 focused on the instructional information about baby swimming courses, and Stage 2 examined the difference in body indices and motor competencies between two groups of toddlers recruited through …


A127: Difficulties Facing And Coping Strategies Of Physical Education And Health Interdisciplinary Teaching In China, Jie Yang, Liping Xu, Zhihua Yin 2024 East China Normal University

A127: Difficulties Facing And Coping Strategies Of Physical Education And Health Interdisciplinary Teaching In China, Jie Yang, Liping Xu, Zhihua Yin

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: In response to the national demand for compound talents, “Physical Education (PE) and Health Curriculum (2022 version) for Compulsory Education” proposes to include interdisciplinary teaching in five major courses in China. Due to the lack of course cases for reference, there’s a certain gap between interdisciplinary theory and practice. Therefore, it’s urgent to analyze the difficulties faced by interdisciplinary teaching and find out the coping strategies. Methods: By using keywords such as "interdisciplinary teaching," "PE and health curriculum," and "interdisciplinary," this study collected and studied 39 articles from CNKI, Web of Science, Scopus, and other databases, and analyzed the …


A69: Data Visualization Of Core Literacy Of Physical Education: A Case Study Of Sci-Tech Empowerment, Ling Xiao, Feifei Li, Wenxue Yuan 2024 Dalian University of Technology

A69: Data Visualization Of Core Literacy Of Physical Education: A Case Study Of Sci-Tech Empowerment, Ling Xiao, Feifei Li, Wenxue Yuan

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Physical education (PE) in colleges and universities in the new era focuses on mastering smart PE technology, deepening the connotation of big data education, and cultivating and achieving disciplinary core literacy. The paper designs a monitoring plan based on three key aspects of core literacy, namely, athletic capabilities, health-related actions, and PE morality. It aims at strengthening the value of AI-powered methods in core literacy cultivation, providing more teaching methods to traditional PE classroom teaching, and promoting students’ core literacy. Methods: The paper selects 105 college students from 5 classes who voluntarily take part in the research. It also …


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