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Pirna Expression In Regenerative Tissue Of Octopus Bimaculoides, Bailey Ervin 2023 The University of Southern Mississippi

Pirna Expression In Regenerative Tissue Of Octopus Bimaculoides, Bailey Ervin

Honors Theses

Tissue regeneration is present in varying capacities across the animal kingdom. Animals such as Hydra and planarians have the capacity to regenerate entire bodies from extremely small sections of amputated tissue. Others, such as humans, have restricted capacities of regeneration, especially in terms of full appendages and specialized tissues such as cardiac and nervous tissue. One of the primary goals of studying regeneration in other organisms is to achieve the development of regenerative medicine. Interaction of P-element induced WImpy testis (PIWI) proteins and PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) have been implicated in germline genome maintenance, as well as transposable element silencing. Research …


Computational Analysis Of Microbial Sequence Data Using Statistics And Machine Learning, Zhixiu Lu 2023 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Computational Analysis Of Microbial Sequence Data Using Statistics And Machine Learning, Zhixiu Lu

Doctoral Dissertations

Since the discovery of the double helix of DNA in 1953, modern molecular biology has opened the door to a better understanding of how genes control chemical processes within cells, including protein synthesis. Although we are still far from claiming a complete understanding, recent advances in sequencing technologies, increased computational capacity, and more sophisticated computational methods have allowed the development of various new applications that provide further insight into DNA sequence data and how the information they encode impacts living organisms and their environment. Sequencing data can now be used to start identifying the relationships between microorganisms, where they live, …


Ecology, Evolution, And Gene Transfer Between Diatoms And Bacteria, Cory B. Gargas 2023 University of Arkansas-Fayetteville

Ecology, Evolution, And Gene Transfer Between Diatoms And Bacteria, Cory B. Gargas

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Although photosynthetic macro-eukaryotes (i.e., plants) make up the majority of organic biomass on earth, bacteria are the second largest taxonomic group, by biomass. Bacteria are ubiquitous in our environment, living on, and within, man-made surfaces, natural environments, and eukaryotes themselves. The relationship between bacteria and eukaryotes has existed from the very beginning of eukaryotic life in the form of bacterial endosymbioses that resulted in mitochondria and plastids. Other eukaryote–bacteria relationships have evolved since then, ranging from the beneficial (e.g., mutualistic) to harmful (e.g., parasitic or pathogenic). Understanding these eukaryote–bacteria relationships is key to understanding both the evolution of important ecosystem …


Gene Expression–Based Algorithms For The Identification Of Drug Combinations In Personalized Medicine, Lon Fong 2023 The Texas Medical Center Library

Gene Expression–Based Algorithms For The Identification Of Drug Combinations In Personalized Medicine, Lon Fong

Dissertations & Theses (Open Access)

Three of the major problems facing cancer therapeutics are 1) drug resistance, the intrinsic or acquired ability of cancer cells to evade the effect of the therapies used to treat them; 2) heterogeneity among individual patients’ disease at the molecular level and the resulting variability in therapeutic response; and 3) the limitations of genomics biomarkers in matching patients to the most effective therapy. One possible solution to drug resistance is the use of combination therapies rather than monotherapies. Use of multiple drugs, each with a different mechanism of action, lowers the chances that the cancer cells will develop or have …


Adipocytes And Innate Immunity In Systemic Sclerosis, Nancy Wareing 2023 The Texas Medical Center Library

Adipocytes And Innate Immunity In Systemic Sclerosis, Nancy Wareing

Dissertations & Theses (Open Access)

Systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma) is a chronic systemic autoimmune and connective tissue disorder characterized by vasculopathy, autoimmune phenomena, and widespread fibrosis. Skin thickening and tightening is the cardinal feature of SSc and is responsible, in part, for the considerable morbidity of this disease. There are currently no targeted treatments for skin manifestations in SSc, primarily due to our fragmented understanding of its pathophysiologic mechanisms. In PART I, we report a previously unappreciated link between aberrant expression of the developmental gene sine oculis homeobox homolog 1 (SIX1) in skin-associated adipocytes in SSc skin and the early loss of dermal white adipose …


Assesment Of Structure, Function, And Microevolutionary Dynamics Of Extrachromosomal Circular Dna In Chinese Hamster Ovary Cells, Dylan Chitwood 2023 Clemson University

Assesment Of Structure, Function, And Microevolutionary Dynamics Of Extrachromosomal Circular Dna In Chinese Hamster Ovary Cells, Dylan Chitwood

All Dissertations

Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines are among the most popular expression hosts used in biopharmaceutical manufacturing due to relative ease of culture, capacity to perform human-like post-translational modifications, and non-susceptibility to viruses. However, the intrinsic plasticity of the CHO genome can lead to undesired genetic rearrangements, phenotypic shifts, reduced product quality, and early culture termination that prevents continuous biomanufacturing. A characteristic of plastic and unstable genomes that is poorly understood in CHO cells is extrachromosomal circular DNA (eccDNA). EccDNAs are focal amplifications of the genome that reside in the extranuclear space. These plasmid-like entities are structurally complex and are …


Clustering And Analysis Of G Quadruplex Sequences., Aryan Neupane 2023 University of Louisville

Clustering And Analysis Of G Quadruplex Sequences., Aryan Neupane

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

G quadruplex structures are secondary structures located throughout the genome of various organisms with involvement in regulatory functions in different transcription, translation, genome stability, epigenetic regulation as well as cell division. Even with the diverse acknowledgement of G4 structure in vivo, there are no current search tools for G quadruplexes based on already identified G quadruplexes and identified families across different genomes based on sequence diversity. Construction of families of G4 sequences and identifying their polymorphisms within disease and disorders will lead to a better understanding of their functional roles and will further research into the biophysical modeling of interactions …


Investigating The Role Of Spatial Compartmentalization And Genomic Translocations In Metastatic Cancer: A Multi-Omic Analysis, Joshua Harris Garretson 2023 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Investigating The Role Of Spatial Compartmentalization And Genomic Translocations In Metastatic Cancer: A Multi-Omic Analysis, Joshua Harris Garretson

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Pirna Expression In The Tube Feet Of Lytechinus Variegatus, Reagan Milliet 2023 The University of Southern Mississippi

Pirna Expression In The Tube Feet Of Lytechinus Variegatus, Reagan Milliet

Honors Theses

Tissue regeneration is an area of research with implications for medicine and animal health. While nearly all living multi-cellular organisms are capable of regeneration, there are major differences in the animal kingdom. Some organisms are capable of regenerating virtually every cell in their bodies. In hopes of engineering tissue regeneration for medical applications, the mechanisms by which organisms regenerate are being widely investigated. To better understand regeneration, the role of P-element Induced WImpy testis (PIWI) proteins are being evaluated. In collaboration with PIWIinteracting RNAs (piRNAs), PIWI proteins have been proven instrumental to transposon silencing and maintenance of the genome in …


Wearable Sensor Gait Analysis For Fall Detection Using Deep Learning Methods, Haben Girmay Yhdego 2023 Old Dominion University

Wearable Sensor Gait Analysis For Fall Detection Using Deep Learning Methods, Haben Girmay Yhdego

Electrical & Computer Engineering Theses & Dissertations

World Health Organization (WHO) data show that around 684,000 people die from falls yearly, making it the second-highest mortality rate after traffic accidents [1]. Early detection of falls, followed by pneumatic protection, is one of the most effective means of ensuring the safety of the elderly. In light of the recent widespread adoption of wearable sensors, it has become increasingly critical that fall detection models are developed that can effectively process large and sequential sensor signal data. Several researchers have recently developed fall detection algorithms based on wearable sensor data. However, real-time fall detection remains challenging because of the wide …


Distribution Of Micropredators In The Longleaf Pine Soil Microbiome, Faith Arends, Eithar Mirghani 2023 Kennesaw State University

Distribution Of Micropredators In The Longleaf Pine Soil Microbiome, Faith Arends, Eithar Mirghani

Symposium of Student Scholars

Bacterial micropredators of the soil, like their larger-scale counterparts, play a key role in shaping their ecosystem and are thus of particular interest from an ecological standpoint. An important micropredator to study are Myxobacteria. Myxobacteria are gram-negative rod-shaped social bacteria that hunt in wolf packs to lyse their prey and facilitate their growth. Myxobacteria are a potential source of novel antibiotics, therefore, the isolation of new strains is of great interest. We investigated longleaf pine soil as a source of novel isolates. The Longleaf Pine Ecosystem is an endangered ecosystem that is of crucial importance due to its ability to …


Effects Of Cyanobacteria Harmful Algal Blooms On The Microbial Community Within Lake Okeechobee, Fl, Usa, Paisley S. Samuel 2023 Nova Southeastern University

Effects Of Cyanobacteria Harmful Algal Blooms On The Microbial Community Within Lake Okeechobee, Fl, Usa, Paisley S. Samuel

All HCAS Student Capstones, Theses, and Dissertations

The Lake Okeechobee (Lake O) watershed is a Floridian freshwater ecosystem that has been affected by the increased frequency and intensity of harmful cyanobacterial bloom (cyanoHAB) events occurring over recent decades. Lake O has several ecological and economic purposes such as providing habitats for various organisms and providing drinking water to urban communities surrounding the lake. Toxic cyanoHAB events are posing a threat to the ecosystem and economy of the lake due to the degradation of water quality. This study investigates how the microbial community structure within Lake O is affected by annual cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms over several years …


Soil Microbial Community Composition Of White Oak Mountain, Tennessee, Matthew Gano, Timothy D. Trott 2023 Southern Adventist University

Soil Microbial Community Composition Of White Oak Mountain, Tennessee, Matthew Gano, Timothy D. Trott

Research in Biology

Abstract - Soil microbial communities are responsible for nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems and have symbiotic and parasitic relationships with the plant community. However, little is known about the factors that determine the soil microbial community composition. In this study we examined how spring wildflower diversity and geographical factors influence the soil microbial community composition of the second growth oak hickory forests of White Oak Mountain in Southeast Tennessee. The characterization of the soil microbial community was completed with 16S/18S/ITS rDNA amplicon sequencing of total DNA extracted from soil samples that were normalized for each sample plot. Here we characterize …


Examining The Different Soil Horizons Of White Oak Mountain, Tn And Their Effect On The Soil Microbial Community, Ji Won Moon, Timothy D. Trott 2023 Southern Adventist University

Examining The Different Soil Horizons Of White Oak Mountain, Tn And Their Effect On The Soil Microbial Community, Ji Won Moon, Timothy D. Trott

Research in Biology

Soil microorganisms participate in the diverse interaction within virtually all ecosystems, consequently affecting the associated human and animal population. Identifying how edaphic variables alter the functional and taxonomic diversity of the soil microbial community requires an examination of total microbial soil diversity and abundance. This research study examined the effect of soil depth and horizon on the soil microbial community composition of White Oak Mountain. The soil microbial community was characterized by 16S/18S/ITS rDNA amplicon sequencing of the DNA extract of six samples from the three major soil types identified: HcE, MoE, and uMvC. OTU clustering analysis and both alpha …


Darwin Core Archive File, Stover-Ebinger Herbarium, Eastern Illinois University 2023 Eastern Illinois University

Darwin Core Archive File, Stover-Ebinger Herbarium, Eastern Illinois University

Darwin Core Archive Download

ZIP file contains occurrences.csv, identivications.csv, and images.csv. The meta.xml document describes the content. Fields within the occurrences.csv file are defined by the Darwin Core exchange standard.

This file is updated as new occurrence records are added.


The Genomics Of Autism-Related Genes Il1rapl1 And Il1rapl2: Insights Into Their Cortical Distribution, Cell-Type Specificity, And Developmental Trajectories, Jacob Weaver 2023 Medical University of South Carolina

The Genomics Of Autism-Related Genes Il1rapl1 And Il1rapl2: Insights Into Their Cortical Distribution, Cell-Type Specificity, And Developmental Trajectories, Jacob Weaver

MUSC Theses and Dissertations

Neuropsychiatric disorders have a significant impact on modern society. These disorders affect a large percentage of the population: schizophrenia has a world-wide prevalence of 1% and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affects 1 in 59 school-aged children in the US. There is substantial evidence that most neuropsychiatric disorders have a genetic component. Thus, with the advent of high throughput sequencing much effort has gone into identifying genetic variants associated with these disorders. The emerging picture from these studies is a complex one where hundreds of genes with small effects interact with a varied landscape of common variants to result in disease. …


Molecular Biodiversity Of Foraminifera, Rabindra Thakur 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Molecular Biodiversity Of Foraminifera, Rabindra Thakur

Masters Theses

Foraminifera are a diverse clade of mostly shell-building single-celled organisms. Estimation of foraminiferal diversity is critical for understanding past and present climatic conditions, as they are highly sensitive to environmental perturbations. Biodiversity estimates of foraminifera began with the counting of test (i.e., shell) microfossils composed of calcium carbonate, as they are well preserved in sediment samples. However, this view has changed with molecular biodiversity estimates, which suggest that early-diverging single-chamber (i.e., "monothalamid") species that lack preservation ability are more diverse than anticipated. Although biodiversity estimates of foraminifera at the molecular level have changed our perceptions, they possess various challenges, especially …


The Genomic Dynamics Of Fermented Food Microbes, Katherine Chacón-Vargas 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

The Genomic Dynamics Of Fermented Food Microbes, Katherine Chacón-Vargas

Doctoral Dissertations

Along with the agriculture and domestication revolution, humans have utilized bacteria, yeasts, and molds for millennia in the production of traditionally fermented foods and beverages. Fermentation is a very ancient practice of high relevance nowadays since it contributes with a great variety of foods worldwide. Microbial fermentation allows metabolic transformation of the raw food materials leading to biochemical changes that played a key role in food preservation, health benefits, nutrition, flavors, and texture, among others. Food fermentation practices could diverge from traditional artisanal spontaneous fermentation to industrialize methods with specialized microbial starters and although fermented environments tend to be very …


Hydropower To The People: Implications Of A Comparative Macroinvertebrate Study On Either Side Of The Central Hidroeléctrica Topo In Tungurahua, Ecuador, Grace Mazur 2023 SIT Study Abroad

Hydropower To The People: Implications Of A Comparative Macroinvertebrate Study On Either Side Of The Central Hidroeléctrica Topo In Tungurahua, Ecuador, Grace Mazur

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This study uses macroinvertebrates as bioindicators to assess the water quality upstream and downstream of a hydroelectric project in Ecuador’s eastern cloud forest. Ecuador has increasingly turned to hydropower to supply its energy needs as pressure mounts to turn away from fossil fuels. This transition has been realized on the Río Topo, located in the province of Tungurahua. This study aims to determine how the Central Hidroeléctrica Topo (CHT), a diversion hydroelectric project (HEP) constructed on the Río Topo in the 2010s, has affected the water quality of the river. Samples were taken of benthic (bottom-dwelling) macroinvertebrates in the Río …


Evaluation Of An Adaptive Sampling Approach To Characterize Microbes Associated With Pneumonia In White-Tailed Deer, Claire Nowak 2023 University of Maine - Main

Evaluation Of An Adaptive Sampling Approach To Characterize Microbes Associated With Pneumonia In White-Tailed Deer, Claire Nowak

Honors College

Infectious diseases have a tremendous global impact, adversely affecting the health and well-being of humans, domestic livestock, and wildlife. Consequently, pathogen surveillance in wild animals is essential for managing the risk of disease transmission to humans and domesticated animals, as well as for understanding host-pathogen interactions. However, pathogen detection methods are often focused on one to a few pathogen species, which limits our understanding of the distributions and effects of multiple co-infecting pathogens on host individuals and populations. In this study, I employed a metagenomic sequencing approach to (1) characterize the microbial community in a white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus …


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