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Iowa Incomes As Reported In Income Tax Returns, Margaret G. Reid, Virginia Britton 2017 Iowa State College

Iowa Incomes As Reported In Income Tax Returns, Margaret G. Reid, Virginia Britton

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

In 1934, 124,812 taxable incomes were reported to the state: of Iowa in contrast with 17,991 taxable incomes reported by those living in Iowa in the federal income tax returns. A special analysis has been made of 9,764 incomes, selected at random, which were reported to the state of Iowa. Only incomes of heads of households and of wives who, though living with their husbands, filed separate returns are included. These incomes are classified by size, population of community from where they are returned, number of dependents and occupation reported on the income returns. Source of income ...


Post-War Developments In The Marketing Of Butter, William H. Nicholls 2017 Iowa State College

Post-War Developments In The Marketing Of Butter, William H. Nicholls

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

In spite of the many important changes which have taken place in the marketing of manufactured dairy products since the World War, no analysis which takes adequate account of these changes is yet available. While post-war text books on agricultural marketing have treated the marketing of manufactured dairy products in a very broad manner, their major emphasis has been on cooperation, with almost complete oversight of the marked and increasing importance of very large private business units in the distribution of the several dairy products and the changes in marketing channels under way. It is the aim of this study ...


Differential Mobility Within The Rural Population In 18 Iowa Townships, 1928 To 1935, Ray E. Wakeley 2017 Iowa State College

Differential Mobility Within The Rural Population In 18 Iowa Townships, 1928 To 1935, Ray E. Wakeley

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

Changes and characteristics of the population of Iowa have been described in some detail by the analysis of census data (3, 19, 6, 4). Neither the census nor these special studies, however, give information concerning many differential factors that operate in different ways as important parts of the total migration picture.2

The present investigation was undertaken to obtain more specific information concerning the extent of selected mobility factors, their operation during the depression, their effect on population movements and their relation to certain rural problems, including problems of education, organization, tenancy and relief.


Farm Mortgage Foreclosures In Southern Iowa 1915-1936, William G. Murray 2017 Iowa State College

Farm Mortgage Foreclosures In Southern Iowa 1915-1936, William G. Murray

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

Foreclosures of farm mortgages, if tabulated for a period of years, provide a reasonably accurate financial record of agricultural distress. By their geographical concentration, moreover, they suggest among other things areas where land has been over-valued. With information on these points as the major objective, a study of foreclosures was undertaken in the southern third of the state, an area including 81 counties (see fig. 1). From the court house records of the 81 counties, information was obtained for the years 1915-86 on all farm mortgage foreclosures-a total of 12,86l. The analysis and discussion contained in this report are ...


Social Isolation And Loneliness In Older People: A Closer Look At Definitions, Mary Lou Ciolfi, Frances Jimenez 2017 University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service

Social Isolation And Loneliness In Older People: A Closer Look At Definitions, Mary Lou Ciolfi, Frances Jimenez

Disability & Aging

Social isolation and loneliness are related and the terms are often used interchangeably, but they are distinct concepts with different definitions, health impacts, and interventions. Our population is aging and older people are at increased risk for both social isolation and loneliness and the associated negative health consequences. Understanding the important differences between social isolation and loneliness will help us recognize them earlier in vulnerable populations, engage in more meaningful conversations with older adults about their own risks, and will inform the development and delivery of more individualized, meaningful, and cost-effective interventions.


A Possible Intermediate Step In The Reorganization Of Rural Elementary Education In Iowa, Barton Morgan, W. H. Lancelot 2017 Iowa State College

A Possible Intermediate Step In The Reorganization Of Rural Elementary Education In Iowa, Barton Morgan, W. H. Lancelot

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

Iowa has a very large number of small rural school districts. Of the 4,870 school corporations in the state, 2,807 are rural independent districts and 1,010 are school townships. There are in the state 12,279 public schools of all types, including kindergartens, rural schools, elementary schools (not rural) and high schools. Of this number, 9,223, or about 75 percent, are one-room rural schools. With one exception the number of such schools in Iowa exceeds that found in any other state.

The average enrollment in the one-room rural schools of the state in 1932-33 was only ...


A Method Of Analyzing The Effectiveness Of Local Livestock Marketing Cooperatives In Selling Hogs, Sam H. Thompson, Paul L. Miller 2017 Iowa State College

A Method Of Analyzing The Effectiveness Of Local Livestock Marketing Cooperatives In Selling Hogs, Sam H. Thompson, Paul L. Miller

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

1. A method of analyzing the effectiveness of local livestock cooperatives in selling hogs is described. Through the use of this method a cooperative manager or a research worker may analyze the operations of a local association for any period of time and obtain information regarding the relative profitableness of different market outlets and different marketing dates.

2. The method of analysis has been applied to the hog sales of four associations for 1931. Net returns for hogs of comparable quality are found. The variations appear to be due to varying degrees of success in choosing the time and place ...


Tackling The Participation Of Europe’S Rural Population In The Shadow Economy, Colin C. Williams, Ioana Horodnic 2017 University of Sheffield

Tackling The Participation Of Europe’S Rural Population In The Shadow Economy, Colin C. Williams, Ioana Horodnic

Colin C Williams

To tackle the shadow economy, an emergent literature has called for the conventional
rational economic actor approach (which uses deterrents to ensure that the costs of engaging in shadow
work outweigh the benefits) to be replaced or complemented by a social actor approach which focuses
upon improving tax morale. To evaluate the relevance and validity of doing this in rural areas, we here report
face-to-face interviews conducted with 9,677 rural dwellers conducted across the 28 member states of the
European Union (EU28) in 2013. Multilevel logistic regression analysis reveals that both approaches significantly
reduce the rural shadow economy. When ...


Iowa's Population Prospect, P. K. Whelpton 2017 Scripps Foundation for Research in Population Problems

Iowa's Population Prospect, P. K. Whelpton

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

A state can be no greater than its people. In an agricultural state such as Iowa where the importance of soil conservation and land utilization programs is recognized and where pathological social problems are relatively few, population adjustments are usually taken for granted. In agriculture, however, the union between land and people is closest. Farmers should be most appreciative of the slogan, "Under all, the land, but on the land, the people."

Fundamental long time adjustments are taking place not only in business, industry and agriculture, but also in the number of population. People in Iowa and in the United ...


Confrontational Stigma And Contested ‘Green’ Developments: Biosolid Facility Siting In The Rural Landscape, Sarah A. Mason-Renton 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Confrontational Stigma And Contested ‘Green’ Developments: Biosolid Facility Siting In The Rural Landscape, Sarah A. Mason-Renton

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis examines responses and reappraisal of a proposed and now operational biosolid (sewage sludge) processing facility, the Southgate Organic Material Recovery Centre (OMRC), in the Township of Southgate in rural Ontario. This research is grounded in geographical literatures related to the geography of health, emotional geography, and risk perception and facility siting. The significance of this research is based on a relative absence of literature on public perceptions of transformed waste products, such as biosolids, in rural landscapes and the need to better understand these perceptions and felt impacts in the context of rural residents’ attachments to place. This ...


Dammed Societies: Effects Of Dams On Native Americans In The Columbia River Basin, Elliott McGill 2017 Carroll College, Helena, MT

Dammed Societies: Effects Of Dams On Native Americans In The Columbia River Basin, Elliott Mcgill

Sociology and Anthropology Undergraduate Theses

Since dam construction began in the New Deal Era, it has represented a dominance of humankind over nature. These massive structures have harnessed, collected, and distributed electricity from the rivers they hold back and allow humans to reap the benefits of that cycle. One of the areas where dams are particularly apparent is in the Columbia River Basin in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. While the dams in this region certainly have allowed the area to develop and build by using the electricity collected by these dams, they have also had several negative effects on the tribal ...


On Growing Up Finnish In The Midwest: A Family Oral History Project, Ingrid Ruth Nixon 2017 East Tennessee State University

On Growing Up Finnish In The Midwest: A Family Oral History Project, Ingrid Ruth Nixon

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study explores what oral history interviews with my mother reveal about the familial and community dynamics that influenced Finnish-American children growing up on Michigan’s Upper Peninsula between 1930 and 1950. Close to four hours of oral history interviews were conducted with Viola Nixon, who is second and third-generation Finnish-American on her father’s and mother’s sides, respectively. After conducting a narrative analysis of the interviews, five themes emerged as significant to community function: family, language, education, work and church. I grouped some of these themes together to create three stories informed by materials drawn from the interviews ...


Reconstruction Of The Destroyed Sinjali Secondary School, Isabella Kaganowski 2017 Clark University

Reconstruction Of The Destroyed Sinjali Secondary School, Isabella Kaganowski

International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

This practitioner paper chronicles my involvement of the grant writing proposal that was designed on behalf of a non-for-profit organization, the Association of Dalit Women’s Advancement of Nepal (ADWAN), in order to secure funding and donations for the reconstruction of the destroyed Sinjali Secondary School in Gorkha district, Taklung village, after a 2015 earthquake struck Nepal. The proposal was guided by and collaborated with Professor Jude Fernando of Clark University, as Professor Fernando was able to visit Taklung village and gather information about the needs in the educational sector damaged by the earthquake. Literature review and research was gathered ...


Grassroots Diplomacy And Vernacular Law: The Discourse Of Food Sovereignty In Maine, John Welton 2017 University of Maine-Orono

Grassroots Diplomacy And Vernacular Law: The Discourse Of Food Sovereignty In Maine, John Welton

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis studies the discourse of food sovereignty in Maine, a coalition of small-scale farmers, consumers, and citizens building an alternative food system based on a distributed form of production, processing, selling, purchasing, and consumption. This distribution occurs at the municipal level through the enactment of ordinances. Using critical-rhetorical field methods, I argue that the discourse of food sovereignty in Maine develops a ‘constitutive’ rhetoric that composes rural society through affective relationships. Advocates engage the industrial food system to both expose its systemic bias against small-scale farming and construct their own discourse of belonging. Based upon agrarian values such as ...


Midwest Soybean Farmers' Perceptions And Management Of Glyphosate Weed Resistance, Emily Southard 2017 Iowa State University

Midwest Soybean Farmers' Perceptions And Management Of Glyphosate Weed Resistance, Emily Southard

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

Soybeans are the second most grown crop in the US, and Iowa is the top soy producing state. However, soybean farmers are facing a major problem-- weed resistance to the herbicide glyphosate. Glyphosate, sold under the tradename RoundUp, is a popular herbicide that many soybean farmers have relied on exclusively for weed control since the introduction of genetically modified glyphosate tolerant soybeans (RoundUp Ready Soybeans) in 1996. A growing number of weeds have evolved to resist glyphosate, and this resistance is challenging the economic and environmental sustainability of soy production. In March, 2016 a mail and internet survey was administered ...


Las Ofrendas A La Tierra En Un Mundo Global \ Offerings To Land In A Global World, Alison Wuensch 2017 SIT Study Abroad

Las Ofrendas A La Tierra En Un Mundo Global \ Offerings To Land In A Global World, Alison Wuensch

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Esta investigación aborda si las ofrendas a la Pachamama en el Cusco responden a la desvalorización de las culturas andinas en un mundo globalizado por el turismo, la globalización, la modernización, y la urbanización. El turismo místico en el Perú ha crecido desde las noventas con la promoción del estado peruano de la cultura viva, y una de las ceremonias andinas más importantes es la ofrenda a la Pachamama. El objetivo era identificar y explicar los efectos del turismo, la globalización, la modernización, y la urbanización en las ofrendas a la Pachamama según los chamanes y la observación. Fui a ...


A Syrian In Trump’S America, Singapore Management University 2017 Singapore Management University

A Syrian In Trump’S America, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

How a Syrian family dealt with war, travel bans, and reuniting in turbulent times


2011-2015 Acs South Dakota Countries Population By Age And Sex, Wei Gu, Census Data Center 2017 South Dakota State University

2011-2015 Acs South Dakota Countries Population By Age And Sex, Wei Gu, Census Data Center

Census Data Center Demographic Datasets

This data present South Dakota county level demographics of population by age and sex.

Primary download file: File Type: Excel File size 111 KB
Supplemental file: File type: CSV File size: 24 KB


Aging In Rural Communities: Older Persons’ Narratives Of Relocating In Place To Maintain Rural Identity, Joyce Weil 2017 University of Northern Colorado, Gerontology Program

Aging In Rural Communities: Older Persons’ Narratives Of Relocating In Place To Maintain Rural Identity, Joyce Weil

Online Journal of Rural Research & Policy

Literature often looks at older persons’ rural-to-urban moves, but relocation within the same region is less explored. The purpose of this study is to understand the perspectives of older persons who move to age in town in the same rural setting. Using data from 16 in-depth, semi-structured interviews with older persons in a rural community and directed content analysis, this study examines these older persons’ assessments of their current living situation, still seen as living rurally but now in a more populous location. Although moving within a rural environment, for different reasons, they do not report feelings of being “stuck ...


The Finney County, Kansas Community Assessment Process: Fact Book, Debra J. Bolton PhD, Shannon L. Dick M.S. 2017 Kansas State University

The Finney County, Kansas Community Assessment Process: Fact Book, Debra J. Bolton Phd, Shannon L. Dick M.S.

Dr. Debra Bolton

This multi-lingual/multi-cultural study was called, Community Assets Processt, by the groups that “commissioned” it: Finnup Foundation, Finney County K-State Research & Extension, Western Kansas Community Foundation, Finney County United Way, Finney County Health Department, United Methodist Community Health Center (UMMAM), Center for Children and Families, Garden City Recreation Commission, and the Garden City Cultural Relations Board, because we intend for this to be an ongoing discussion. An objective, for those promoting the study, was to connect foundation, state, and federal funding with activities or services that addressed the true needs of people living in Finney County. The group was looking for data that would offer insights on ways to address the needs of diverse audiences through human services agencies, County Extension, the schools, churches, and other entities working with community members of Finney County. Initially, an online survey was sent to directors of Finney County’s human service organization/agencies and schools. Directors were asked what sorts of data were required to help them quantify the needs of their client/customer bases. It was from those responses that the committee designed the survey instrument. The objective of the resulting survey instrument was to gather data that would: Identify resources available in Finney County (a Minority-majority county) Identify services needed in the community Capture information regarding well-being of people in Finney County Feature General Demographic (gender, age, race/ethnicity, education, household income) Length of years lived in Finney County Primary and secondary languages spoken at home (the survey was conducted in four (4) languages) Educational needs Health questions (insurance, health conditions, mental health, medical care, etc.) Social and health needs; and Questions to measure community engagement and social involvement Target individuals and groups of varying ages, socio-economic backgrounds, ethnic backgrounds, and religious affiliations. Target survey respondents 18 years or older Keep survey respondents’ identities confidential since the study was approved by Kansas State University’s Institutional Review Board for compliance in Research with Human Subjects. Data were gathered from about 1% of Finney County’s population through surveys and focus groups conducted in four languages better to understand the ...


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