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“Eye For An Eye” Or “Turn The Other Cheek?” Exploring The Moderating Roles Of Revenge And Forgiveness When Examining Death Penalty Support And Religious Fundamentalism, William Howard Whited 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

“Eye For An Eye” Or “Turn The Other Cheek?” Exploring The Moderating Roles Of Revenge And Forgiveness When Examining Death Penalty Support And Religious Fundamentalism, William Howard Whited

Dissertations

Public attitudes towards the death penalty appear to influence the usage of legislative policies about this highly debated sanction in the United States. However, existing ways of measuring public opinion about the death penalty are limited in the information they provide. As such, one purpose of the study was to further develop the Revised Attitudes towards the Death Penalty Scale (RATDP), an instrument that measures level of support for the death penalty and is inclusive of the rationales that both proponents and opponents use to justify their stance. Support for a five-factor structure of the RATDP was found in an ...


Most Americans Are Now Opposed To Laws Against Interracial Marriage, But Their Behavior Does Not Yet Reflect These Attitudes, Ginny Garcia-Alexander, Richard Lewis Jr., Joanne Foed-Robertson 2016 Portland State University

Most Americans Are Now Opposed To Laws Against Interracial Marriage, But Their Behavior Does Not Yet Reflect These Attitudes, Ginny Garcia-Alexander, Richard Lewis Jr., Joanne Foed-Robertson

Ginny Garcia-Alexander

Recent decades have seen a dramatic fall in the number of people that support laws which prohibit interracial marriages, and an increase in the number of these marriages. But why does the rate of interracial marriages remain so low, when compared to same-race marriages? Using national data from the past three decades, Ginny E. Garcia, Richard Lewis Jr., and Joanne Ford-Robertson show that while attitudes towards interracial marriages have changed, many groups still have negative attitudes towards Black-White unions. They find that those who perceive social and economic competition with Blacks, such as those with lower levels of education, were ...


Playing Out: The Importance Of The City As A Playground For Skateboard And Parkour, Mike Jeffries, Sebastian Messer, Jon Swords 2016 Northumbria University, Newcastle

Playing Out: The Importance Of The City As A Playground For Skateboard And Parkour, Mike Jeffries, Sebastian Messer, Jon Swords

Occasional Paper Series

The authors document young skaters and freerunners’ improvisational use of public space and the development of their interpersonal relationships and learning.


Changing Through Laughter With “Laughter For A Change”, Laurel J. Felt, Ed Greenberg 2016 University of Southern California, Annenberg

Changing Through Laughter With “Laughter For A Change”, Laurel J. Felt, Ed Greenberg

Occasional Paper Series

This paper describes systematic observation, research, and analysis of Laughter for a Change (L4C)’s 2011–2012 after-school improv workshop, revealing the program’s multiple impacts. Our data suggest that improvising creates a “safe space,” a supportive context in which participants feel empowered to take risks and play freely.


Becoming-Belieber: Girls' Passionate Encounters With Bieber Culture, Kortney Sherbine 2016 Framingham State University

Becoming-Belieber: Girls' Passionate Encounters With Bieber Culture, Kortney Sherbine

Occasional Paper Series

In this article, I draw on French philosophers Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari’s (1987) notion of becoming to consider the ways in which these encounters with people, materials, and technologies are productive, creating space for Beliebers to come into relationship with one another and with popular culture in ways that are new and that I never could have anticipated during my more carefully organized and school-curriculum-driven interactions with girls during my six years as an elementary school teacher. Through my current research into young girls’ after-school fanaticism, I have been able to come to know girls differently than I ...


Front Matter And Introduction, Jennifer Rebecca Teitle 2016 University of Iowa

Front Matter And Introduction, Jennifer Rebecca Teitle

Occasional Paper Series

No abstract provided.


Mediatization In The Arab World: A Cross-Cultural Comparison Of New Media Use, Julie B. Wiest, Nahed Eltantawy 2016 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Mediatization In The Arab World: A Cross-Cultural Comparison Of New Media Use, Julie B. Wiest, Nahed Eltantawy

Julie Wiest

New media (including online and cellular technologies) are being embraced around the world, and younger people have led the way in their adoption. These technologies have spread particularly quickly in the Middle East as a result of innovations in satellite, cellular, and Internet technology. In addition, the Arab Spring was a major milestone for new media adoption in the Middle East and helped define appropriate uses for these technologies. Although they have been used for activism and expression, evidence suggests that these are not (or perhaps are no longer) the primary uses of these technologies among young Arabs. Drawing on ...


Visualizing Spaces Of Childhood, Heather Kaplan 2016 Bank Street College of Education

Visualizing Spaces Of Childhood, Heather Kaplan

Occasional Paper Series

Explores the connections between our images of the child and our understandings of children’s spaces to posit childhood itself as a construction of both image and space.


“Can’T Put My Finger On It”: A Research Report On The Non-Existence And Meaninglessness Of Sin, J. E. Sumerau, Lain A.B. Mathers, Ryan T. Cragun 2016 University of Tampa

“Can’T Put My Finger On It”: A Research Report On The Non-Existence And Meaninglessness Of Sin, J. E. Sumerau, Lain A.B. Mathers, Ryan T. Cragun

The Qualitative Report

This paper presents findings from an exploratory study of sin. Based on nine in-depth interviews with self-identified religious people, we demonstrate that respondents define sin as (1) nonconformity, (2) relative to other social realities, and (3) taught by moral authorities. In so doing, respondents’ definitions reveal that sin, despite its use to justify all types of social policies, is a social construction that has no established concrete meaning in daily life. In conclusion, we argue that social scientists would benefit greatly from systematic analyses of the meaning (lessness) and significance of sin in people’s lives as well as within ...


Patterns Of Adult Cross-Racial Friendships: A Context For Understanding Contemporary Race Relations, Deborah L. Plummer, Rosalie A. Torres Stone, Lauren R. Powell, Jeroan J. Allison 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Patterns Of Adult Cross-Racial Friendships: A Context For Understanding Contemporary Race Relations, Deborah L. Plummer, Rosalie A. Torres Stone, Lauren R. Powell, Jeroan J. Allison

Rosalie A. Torres Stone

OBJECTIVES: This study examined patterns, characteristics, and predictors of cross-racial friendships as the context for understanding contemporary race relations.

METHOD: A national survey included 1,055 respondents, of whom 55% were white, 32% were black, and 74% were female; ages ranged from 18 to > /=65 years. Focus groups were conducted to assess societal and personal benefits. Participants (n = 31) were racially diverse and aged 20 to 66 years.

RESULTS: After accounting for multiple covariates, regression analysis revealed that Asians, Hispanics, and multiracial individuals are more likely than their white and black counterparts to have cross-racial friends. Females were less likely ...


Review: 'High Risk And High Stakes: Health Professionals, Politics And Policy', Patrick G. Donnelly 2016 University of Dayton

Review: 'High Risk And High Stakes: Health Professionals, Politics And Policy', Patrick G. Donnelly

Patrick Donnelly

Many studies of the law and policy creation process examine the efforts of particular interest groups and coalitions to influence the views and votes of legislators. Wysong focuses on the role of professional associations, specifically associations of health care professionals, in the legislative debate over the High Risk Occupational Disease Notification and Prevention Act, an example of what is most commonly known as "right-to-know" legislation.

The ethical codes and service-oriented goals of professions suggest that associations of professionals might act differently than interest groups. Wysong shows that the core groups in debates over health and safety legislation recognize that their ...


Spots On A Gnat’S Ass, Good Soldiers, And Sociology Departments: Stan Saxton’S Pragmatist Approach To Sociology, Dan E. Miller, Fred P. Pestello, Patrick G. Donnelly 2016 University of Dayton

Spots On A Gnat’S Ass, Good Soldiers, And Sociology Departments: Stan Saxton’S Pragmatist Approach To Sociology, Dan E. Miller, Fred P. Pestello, Patrick G. Donnelly

Patrick Donnelly

Most academics build their careers and establish reputations in the traditional manner, through research and publications. Certainly, this is not the only way to secure a place in the lore of academia. Some are great teachers who gather a large following of students. Still others get involved in professional organizations. While Stan Saxton had a respectable record of publications, was a masterful teacher, and a marvelous critic, his notable contributions to sociology came through his organizational work as a chair of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the University of Dayton. After his tenure as chair, Stan continued to ...


Residents' Efforts At Neighborhood Stabilization: Facing The Challenges Of Inner-City Neighborhoods, Patrick G. Donnelly, Theo J. Majka 2016 University of Dayton

Residents' Efforts At Neighborhood Stabilization: Facing The Challenges Of Inner-City Neighborhoods, Patrick G. Donnelly, Theo J. Majka

Patrick Donnelly

This paper examines the response of residents in one inner-city, racially, and economically diverse neighborhood to a sudden increase in crime, drugs and disorder. Rather than withdrawing, residents in this neighborhood responded by organizing a major collective effort to develop a stabilization plan for the neighborhood. Factors useful in understanding this atypical response include a citywide structure that encourages citizen participation, the city government's commitment to the neighborhood, a history of neighborhood activism, and residents' commitment to the neighborhood. A social movement perspective that examines the nature of successful social movement organizations, the political context of movement activities, and ...


Community Organizing, Environmental Change, And Neighborhood Crime, Patrick G. Donnelly, Charles E. Kimble 2016 University of Dayton

Community Organizing, Environmental Change, And Neighborhood Crime, Patrick G. Donnelly, Charles E. Kimble

Patrick Donnelly

This article addresses the effects of an urban neighborhood's response to a significant increase in crime, drugs, and other incivilities in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Residents organized a major effort to stabilize the neighborhood that included implementation of a defensible space plan. Comparisons of crime data and of residents' perceptions of crime between the pre- and postimplementation periods show significant improvements. The data provide greater support for the opportunity model of community crime prevention than for the community model. Cautions are provided regarding transplanting the same plan elsewhere.


Minorities' Perceptions Of Child Protective Services, Vernae Elaine Hicks 2016 California State University - San Bernardino

Minorities' Perceptions Of Child Protective Services, Vernae Elaine Hicks

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

The study examined minority persons’ views and experiences with Child Protective Services (CPS) in the community. This study used a qualitative design with face‑to‑face interviews with 12 participants in the community. This study used the “Post‑Positivist” data analysis, which is qualitative in evaluation and explained each participant’s subjective reality.

The study found that most participants were satisfied with the results and were dissatisfied with the process in and of itself. Overall the study found that most participants felt that there was some sort of a disconnect with social workers in reference to cultural competency. Miscommunication between ...


The One Exhibition The Roots Of The Lgbt Equality Movement One Magazine & The First Gay Supreme Court Case In U.S. History 1943-1958, Joshua R. Edmundson 2016 California State University - San Bernardino

The One Exhibition The Roots Of The Lgbt Equality Movement One Magazine & The First Gay Supreme Court Case In U.S. History 1943-1958, Joshua R. Edmundson

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

The ONE Exhibition explores an era in American history marked by intense government sponsored anti-gay persecution and the genesis of the LGBT equality movement. The study begins during World War II, continues through the McCarthy era and the founding of the nation’s first gay magazine, and ends in 1958 with the first gay Supreme Court case in U.S. history.

Central to the story is ONE The Homosexual Magazine, and its founders, as they embarked on a quest for LGBT equality by establishing the first ongoing nationwide forum for gay people in the U.S., and challenged the government ...


Areas Of Conflict, Coping, And Service Needs Among Co-Parenting Persons In San Bernardino County, Sophia Luisa Hernandez 2016 California State University, San Bernardino

Areas Of Conflict, Coping, And Service Needs Among Co-Parenting Persons In San Bernardino County, Sophia Luisa Hernandez

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This study was conducted in San Bernardino County, California. Participants completed a questionnaire regarding conflicts that arise between co-parents, levels of stress from conflicts, how parts negotiate, cooperate, collaborate and communicate and the types of coping skills that participants use when stressed. The purpose of this study was to examine conflicts between parents and caregivers who share the custody of their children with another parent or caregiver. This study also assessed coping skills and co-parenting resources that are available in San Bernardino County. Twenty-two participants completed the study, 19 were female and 3 were male. Most of the participants were ...


Mental Health Practitioner Stigma, Attitude, And Belief: A Multidimensional Study On Marriage And Family Therapists, Clinical Social Workers, And Clinical Psychologists, Jessica Ann De La Rosa, Ruxandra Elena Tanase 2016 California State University - San Bernardino

Mental Health Practitioner Stigma, Attitude, And Belief: A Multidimensional Study On Marriage And Family Therapists, Clinical Social Workers, And Clinical Psychologists, Jessica Ann De La Rosa, Ruxandra Elena Tanase

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Existing stigma in the form of negative attitudes towards individuals with severe mental illness by mental health practitioners, has the potential to set barriers towards recovery. A survey of 72 mental health practitioners from three disciplines were surveyed, in an attempt to measure mental health practitioner attitudes towards individuals with severe mental illness, and how their attitudes impact their belief in client recovery. This was a quantitative study, based on two Likert Scale surveys and distributed both in paper form and using Survey Monkey. Participants were gathered through a snowball effect, and consisted of 42 social workers, 18 marriage and ...


Exploiting Borders: The Political Economy Of Local Backlash Against Undocumented Immigrants, Jamie Longazel, Benjamin Fleury-Steiner 2016 University of Dayton

Exploiting Borders: The Political Economy Of Local Backlash Against Undocumented Immigrants, Jamie Longazel, Benjamin Fleury-Steiner

Jamie Longazel

Four years prior to Arizona's passage of one of the most far-reaching pieces of anti-Latino immigrant legislation signed into law in decades,3 demands to "seal off the border"4 were being made thousands of miles from the U.S.-Mexico divide. In 2006, Hazleton, Pennsylvania, passed equally harsh legislation aimed at keeping undocumented immigrants out of their community. During this time, commentators described the local backlash in Hazleton and other small cities across the United States as akin to "the opening of a deep and profound fissure in the American landscape" 5 wherein "all immigration politics is local ...


Physiological And Social Stress On Cognitive Performance, Doreet Nagatti, Daniele Anina, Maria Daigle, Kymberlee M. O'Brien 2016 Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Physiological And Social Stress On Cognitive Performance, Doreet Nagatti, Daniele Anina, Maria Daigle, Kymberlee M. O'Brien

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Humans are highly social creatures and this provides us with a number of benefits, such as protection and support, but it also brings new avenues for stress from social sources. Basic and translational neuroendocrine research has yielded a rich set of findings and a general understanding of how acute and chronic stress can result in reduced health, earlier aging, and earlier death. Although stress can be indexed by level of cortisol, the major stress hormone in humans, many interrelated physiological systems are involved in a stress response, including the cardio and vascular systems. Research toward greater understanding of stress buffering ...


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