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Identities And Persistence Of Family Farm Operators, Parker T. Arnold 2017 East Tennessee State University

Identities And Persistence Of Family Farm Operators, Parker T. Arnold

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study focuses on the identities of family farm operators and the challenges to maintaining viable farm operations in today’s agricultural economy. Employing a grounded qualitative approach, the author conducted 18 in-depth interviews with principal farm operators from Iowa and Tennessee. Using the insights of farmers from geographically different agricultural regions, this study notes how preserving family histories, socialization processes, and farming as a moral career inform operators’ understandings of themselves and the work they do. The analysis also focuses on how family farm operators contend with a globalized agricultural economy and the moral and ethical concerns of managing ...


The Behavioral Effects Divorce Can Have On Children, Wanda M. Williams-Owens 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Behavioral Effects Divorce Can Have On Children, Wanda M. Williams-Owens

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

According to a statistical study (Cherlin et al. 1991) 40% of children who live in the United States will experience parental divorce before they reach the age of 18. Consequently, many children are affected by the process of divorce and its finalization. When my daughter was just nine years old, she asked incredulously why my husband and I were the only married couple in our neighborhood? After twenty-two years of marriage, I realized long-term marriages in my community are not conventional. When parents’ divorce, children often face the loss of one parent's constant presence and economic stability; as a ...


Chinese And World Cultural Models Of Developmental Hierarchy, Shawn F. Dorius 2017 Iowa State University

Chinese And World Cultural Models Of Developmental Hierarchy, Shawn F. Dorius

Shawn Dorius

Prior research on cultural models of developmental hierarchy finds broad cross-national agreement among publics about the rank ordering of societies on perceived level of development, based on an omnibus measure of development. In this research, I use a multidimensional index of world hierarchy derived from subjective evaluations of a large number of national attributes to explore dimensionality in Chinese perceptions of global hierarchy. Statistical analysis show that the data exhibit over time stability and strong association with objective measures of development and with alternate subjective measures of world hierarchy. Irrespective of the national attributes evaluated, Chinese respondents produced a very ...


Handling Challenging Student Situations, Ruth Rodgers, Karen Candlish, Marla Smith 2017 Marian University - Indianapolis

Handling Challenging Student Situations, Ruth Rodgers, Karen Candlish, Marla Smith

Fall Faculty Development Conference

Today’s classroom can be a challenging learning environment. In this session we will share best practices, suggestions, and Marian University resources to support student learning environments. We will explore setting boundaries; what to do when students become agitated or hostile (in person or online); classroom disruptions; health issues (anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation, chronic physical issues, etc.); and requests for accommodations. We will discuss identifying students who require additional assistance and share suggestions for student referrals to support services.


An Examination Of The Relationship Between Ethnic Identity Development, Cognitive Complexity, Differentiation Of Self, And Reports Of Racial And Ethnic Microaggressions, DeShae C. Gatti 2017 Stephen F Austin State University

An Examination Of The Relationship Between Ethnic Identity Development, Cognitive Complexity, Differentiation Of Self, And Reports Of Racial And Ethnic Microaggressions, Deshae C. Gatti

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Although individuals may not engage in racism consciously due to social undesirability, they may have biases that manifest in more subtle and unconscious ways. Research has found that people of color experiencing different racial and ethnic microaggressions in their everyday lives are subject to pervasive and negative impacts on their mental health, though little is known about the influence of one’s ethnic identity formation, affective processes, and cognitive processes. A multiple regression analysis was conducted to examine the degree to which ethnic identity development, cognitive complexity, and differentiation of self were associated reported experiences of microaggressions. The analysis indicated ...


The Dynamics Of Participatory Monitoring And Evaluation (Pm&E) In Traditional Pakistan., Aamer Shams 2017 SIT Graduate Institute

The Dynamics Of Participatory Monitoring And Evaluation (Pm&E) In Traditional Pakistan., Aamer Shams

Capstone Collection

This research seeks to explore the interpretation and application of Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation (PM&E) in the context of Educational Empowerment by analyzing insights gathered from multiple stakeholder groups in four cities of Pakistan, Islamabad, Lahore, Quetta, and Peshawar. Analysis of the findings reveals nuances of PM&E, including “Equality and Equity, Respect and Tolerance” (pg. 58-61) that limit the potential of this transdisciplinary empowerment process. Empowerment and educational programs often employ the continuous processes of Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) to gain an understanding of the implementation, efficiency, impact, and overall performance of the program. M&E also ...


Born To Run: A Grounded Theory Study Of Cheating In The Online Speedrunning Community, Christopher G. Brewer 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

Born To Run: A Grounded Theory Study Of Cheating In The Online Speedrunning Community, Christopher G. Brewer

Master's Theses

Video games represent a growing genre of media quickly becoming one of the leading forms of entertainment (Jordan, 2014). This popularity has allowed new playstyles to emerge across the video game genre, such as e-Sports and speedrunning. In particular, the speedrunning community has somewhat redefined what it means to “cheat” in a video game by accepting the use certain software and hardware violations that could be seen as “cheating” to the general gaming community. This paper examined the social construction of cheating in this digital community through the use of grounded theory methods.


Job Satisfaction In The Digital Age: A Qualitative Study Of Social Responsibility And Burnout In Local Television News Reporters, Christi Welter 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Job Satisfaction In The Digital Age: A Qualitative Study Of Social Responsibility And Burnout In Local Television News Reporters, Christi Welter

Theses and Dissertations

This is an exploratory study of job satisfaction, burnout, and social responsibility among local television news reporters with three years of experience or less. Through in-depth qualitative interviews, this study applied existing theory while exploring the factors that influence job satisfaction and burnout in local television news reporters. This study explored whether local television journalists feel they are able to meet the normative professional standards outlined in the social responsibility theory as their work demands increase with rise of digital media and one-man band expectations. The job satisfaction levels of the participants in this study varied. Those with higher job ...


Upstanders, Whistle-Blowers, And Rescuers, Martha Minow 2017 SJ Quinney College of Law, University of Utah

Upstanders, Whistle-Blowers, And Rescuers, Martha Minow

Utah Law Review

Communities of responsibility and the cultures that nurture them take many steps to build. An important step is to honor remarkable individuals with courage and commitment. Raphael Lemkin, Benjamin Ferencz, Luis Moreno Ocampo, Emmanuel Uwurukundo, Samantha Power, filmmaker Edet Belzberg, and Victor Koningsberger deserve recognition and honor. At the same time, we need to emphasize that an upstander does not need extraordinary qualities. Ordinary people can and do stand up in small and big ways against oppression and injustice. Education can help. Speeches can help. When we honor heroes, we should not simply recognize individual courage. Doing so can help ...


Caste Matters: Perceived Discrimination Among Women In Rural India, Apurv Soni, Jasmine A. Khubchandani, Nisha Fahey, Nitin Raithatha, Anusha Prabhakaran, Nancy Byatt, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Ajay Phatak, Milagros C. Rosal, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Jeroan J. Allison 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Caste Matters: Perceived Discrimination Among Women In Rural India, Apurv Soni, Jasmine A. Khubchandani, Nisha Fahey, Nitin Raithatha, Anusha Prabhakaran, Nancy Byatt, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Ajay Phatak, Milagros C. Rosal, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Jeroan J. Allison

Nancy Byatt

Purpose: To examine the relationship of caste and class with perceived discrimination among pregnant women from rural western India.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 170 pregnant women in rural Gujarat, India, who were enrolled in a longitudinal cohort study. Everyday Discrimination Scale and Experiences of Discrimination questionnaires were used to assess perceived discrimination and response to discrimination. Based on self-reported caste, women were classified to three categories with increasing historical disadvantage: General, Other Backward Castes (OBC), and Scheduled Caste or Tribes (SC/ST). Socioeconomic class was determined using standardized

Kuppuswamy scale. Regression models for count and binomial data ...


Caste Matters: Perceived Discrimination Among Women In Rural India, Apurv Soni, Jasmine A. Khubchandani, Nisha Fahey, Nitin Raithatha, Anusha Prabhakaran, Nancy Byatt, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Ajay Phatak, Milagros C. Rosal, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Jeroan J. Allison 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Caste Matters: Perceived Discrimination Among Women In Rural India, Apurv Soni, Jasmine A. Khubchandani, Nisha Fahey, Nitin Raithatha, Anusha Prabhakaran, Nancy Byatt, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Ajay Phatak, Milagros C. Rosal, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Jeroan J. Allison

Jeroan J. Allison

Purpose: To examine the relationship of caste and class with perceived discrimination among pregnant women from rural western India. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 170 pregnant women in rural Gujarat, India, who were enrolled in a longitudinal cohort study. Everyday Discrimination Scale and Experiences of Discrimination questionnaires were used to assess perceived discrimination and response to discrimination. Based on self-reported caste, women were classified to three categories with increasing historical disadvantage: General, Other Backward Castes (OBC), and Scheduled Caste or Tribes (SC/ST). Socioeconomic class was determined using standardized Kuppuswamy scale. Regression models for count and binomial data ...


Perception And Construction Of Individuals At The Intersect Of Race And Immigration Status, Paolo Aldrin Palma 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Perception And Construction Of Individuals At The Intersect Of Race And Immigration Status, Paolo Aldrin Palma

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Although perceptions of intersectional group identities (e.g., race and gender) have gained focus in recent years, an oft-ignored group in this line of work are immigrants. Across three studies, attitudes and stereotypes of different groups as a function of race and immigrant status, and how experiences of racism affect people’s attitudes towards immigrants, were examined. Study 1 found attitudes and stereotypes clustered around target race, not immigration status (n = 498) though people’s attitudes were most favourable for Canadians with no attached race label. Study 2 found that experiences of racism affected attitudes towards immigrants expressed by a ...


Power Processes In Bargaining, Edward J. Lawler 2017 Cornell University

Power Processes In Bargaining, Edward J. Lawler

Edward J Lawler

This is a theoretical article that integrates and extends a particular program of work on power in bargaining relationships. Power is conceptualized as a structurally based capability, and power use as tactical action falling within either conciliatory or hostile categories. The core propositions are (1) the greater the total amount of power in a relationship, the greater the use of conciliatory tactics and the lower the use of hostile tactics; and (2) an unequal power relationship fosters more use of hostile tactics and less use of conciliatory tactics than an equal power relationship. Distinct research on power dependence and bilateral ...


Structural Power And Emotional Processes In Negotiation: A Social Exchange Approach, Edward J. Lawler, Jeongkoo Yoon 2017 Cornell University

Structural Power And Emotional Processes In Negotiation: A Social Exchange Approach, Edward J. Lawler, Jeongkoo Yoon

Edward J Lawler

This chapter focuses in the abstract on when and how repeated negotiations between the same actors foster positive feelings or emotions and, in turn, an affective commitment to their relationship. However, we have in mind applications to pivotal dyads within organizations and also to the emergence of "friction” or "stickiness” in market relations. Implicit in the idea that negotiations in pivotal dyads shape institutional patterns is the notion that repeated negotiations between the same two actors are likely to become more than instrumental ways for the particular actors to get work done. We suggest a simple process by which dyadic ...


Resolving Conflict Through Explicit Bargaining, Elizabeth Heger Boyle, Edward J. Lawler 2017 Stanford University

Resolving Conflict Through Explicit Bargaining, Elizabeth Heger Boyle, Edward J. Lawler

Edward J Lawler

This article analyzes the impact of conciliatory initiatives on conflict resolution in two-party bargaining. It specifically develops and tests a theory of unilateral initiatives derived from Osgood's (1962) notion of Graduated and Reciprocated Initiatives in Tension Reduction (GRIT). The major propositions of the theory indicate that, given a pattern of mutual resistance or hostility, unilateral initiatives and tit-for-tat retaliation in response to punitive action will produce more conciliation and less hostility by an opponent. To test the theory, a bargaining setting was created in a laboratory experiment in which parties exchanged offers and counteroffers on an issue across a ...


Comparison Of Dependence And Punitive Forms Of Power, Edward J. Lawler, Samuel B. Bacharach 2017 Cornell University

Comparison Of Dependence And Punitive Forms Of Power, Edward J. Lawler, Samuel B. Bacharach

Edward J Lawler

This paper deals with the impact of power on tactical action in conflict. The theory and research is organized around two conceptual distinctions: one between power based on dependence versus punitive capability, and the other between relative power (i.e., power difference) and "total power" in a relationship (i.e., across actors). The paper will argue that these distinctions are important on both theoretical and empirical grounds. Theoretically, they are important to explicate the connection between conceptions of power that stress the coercive foundation of power (Bierstedt 1950; Tedeschi, Schlenker & Bonoma 1973) and those that treat power as dependence (Bacharach & Lawler 1981; Cook & Emerson 1984; Cook et al. 1981; Emerson 1962, 1972a, 1972b; Molm ...


The World Is Complex – That's Why We Need All Of Us, Bruce Janz 2017 University of Central Florida

The World Is Complex – That's Why We Need All Of Us, Bruce Janz

UCF Forum

Humanities is just about reading old books and writing new ones, isn’t it? Not anymore – think digital.


Twisting Masculinity: Harms Of Pornography To Young Boys And Men, Gabe Deem 2017 Reboot Nation

Twisting Masculinity: Harms Of Pornography To Young Boys And Men, Gabe Deem

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


誰人發明了「單身狗」? : 情感與單身者罪名建構之關係, Pui Yiu LO 2017 Lingnan University

誰人發明了「單身狗」? : 情感與單身者罪名建構之關係, Pui Yiu Lo

Cultural Studies@Lingnan 文化研究@嶺南

本文將會探討「單身狗」如何由多種情感而建構。先從現代社會中,政府政策的實施,和傳媒、流行文化的渲染,解構單身至今變成「罪」的原因。當單身者默默接受社會加諸於身上的「罪惡感」,如何演變成羞恥(Shame)、焦慮(Anxiety)。而Renata Salecl提倡「焦慮」是市場學一大策略,那麼單身而產生的焦躁是否適用於此理論,而更鞏固及有利消費主義發展?若是,單身者有何出路?又或者應該問,有出路嗎?


屬於這一代的情緒 : 從《民困愁城》到《一念無明》, Kit Man WONG 2017 Lingnan University

屬於這一代的情緒 : 從《民困愁城》到《一念無明》, Kit Man Wong

Cultural Studies@Lingnan 文化研究@嶺南

電影《一念無明》上映期間,大眾就電影的主題及內容引起不少討論,亦重新引起社會大眾對躁鬱症,甚至精神病患的關注。不少評論指出,《一念無明》透過阿東及其父親的視角,赤裸裸地道出不少香港人正在面對的困境 (困局)。本文希望藉《一念無明》中各人面對的情緒困局,嘗試套用於《民困愁城》(甯應斌、何春蕤,2012) 一書中對「現代性的情感」的觀點作分析。


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