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Caste Matters: Perceived Discrimination Among Women In Rural India, Apurv Soni, Jasmine A. Khubchandani, Nisha Fahey, Nitin Raithatha, Anusha Prabhakaran, Nancy Byatt, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Ajay Phatak, Milagros C. Rosal, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Jeroan J. Allison 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Caste Matters: Perceived Discrimination Among Women In Rural India, Apurv Soni, Jasmine A. Khubchandani, Nisha Fahey, Nitin Raithatha, Anusha Prabhakaran, Nancy Byatt, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Ajay Phatak, Milagros C. Rosal, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Jeroan J. Allison

Nancy Byatt

Purpose: To examine the relationship of caste and class with perceived discrimination among pregnant women from rural western India.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 170 pregnant women in rural Gujarat, India, who were enrolled in a longitudinal cohort study. Everyday Discrimination Scale and Experiences of Discrimination questionnaires were used to assess perceived discrimination and response to discrimination. Based on self-reported caste, women were classified to three categories with increasing historical disadvantage: General, Other Backward Castes (OBC), and Scheduled Caste or Tribes (SC/ST). Socioeconomic class was determined using standardized

Kuppuswamy scale. Regression models for count and binomial data ...


Caste Matters: Perceived Discrimination Among Women In Rural India, Apurv Soni, Jasmine A. Khubchandani, Nisha Fahey, Nitin Raithatha, Anusha Prabhakaran, Nancy Byatt, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Ajay Phatak, Milagros C. Rosal, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Jeroan J. Allison 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Caste Matters: Perceived Discrimination Among Women In Rural India, Apurv Soni, Jasmine A. Khubchandani, Nisha Fahey, Nitin Raithatha, Anusha Prabhakaran, Nancy Byatt, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Ajay Phatak, Milagros C. Rosal, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Jeroan J. Allison

Jeroan J. Allison

Purpose: To examine the relationship of caste and class with perceived discrimination among pregnant women from rural western India. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 170 pregnant women in rural Gujarat, India, who were enrolled in a longitudinal cohort study. Everyday Discrimination Scale and Experiences of Discrimination questionnaires were used to assess perceived discrimination and response to discrimination. Based on self-reported caste, women were classified to three categories with increasing historical disadvantage: General, Other Backward Castes (OBC), and Scheduled Caste or Tribes (SC/ST). Socioeconomic class was determined using standardized Kuppuswamy scale. Regression models for count and binomial data ...


Perception And Construction Of Individuals At The Intersect Of Race And Immigration Status, Paolo Aldrin Palma 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Perception And Construction Of Individuals At The Intersect Of Race And Immigration Status, Paolo Aldrin Palma

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Although perceptions of intersectional group identities (e.g., race and gender) have gained focus in recent years, an oft-ignored group in this line of work are immigrants. Across three studies, attitudes and stereotypes of different groups as a function of race and immigrant status, and how experiences of racism affect people’s attitudes towards immigrants, were examined. Study 1 found attitudes and stereotypes clustered around target race, not immigration status (n = 498) though people’s attitudes were most favourable for Canadians with no attached race label. Study 2 found that experiences of racism affected attitudes towards immigrants expressed by a ...


Resolving Conflict Through Explicit Bargaining, Elizabeth Heger Boyle, Edward J. Lawler 2017 Stanford University

Resolving Conflict Through Explicit Bargaining, Elizabeth Heger Boyle, Edward J. Lawler

Edward J Lawler

This article analyzes the impact of conciliatory initiatives on conflict resolution in two-party bargaining. It specifically develops and tests a theory of unilateral initiatives derived from Osgood's (1962) notion of Graduated and Reciprocated Initiatives in Tension Reduction (GRIT). The major propositions of the theory indicate that, given a pattern of mutual resistance or hostility, unilateral initiatives and tit-for-tat retaliation in response to punitive action will produce more conciliation and less hostility by an opponent. To test the theory, a bargaining setting was created in a laboratory experiment in which parties exchanged offers and counteroffers on an issue across a ...


Structural Power And Emotional Processes In Negotiation: A Social Exchange Approach, Edward J. Lawler, Jeongkoo Yoon 2017 Cornell University

Structural Power And Emotional Processes In Negotiation: A Social Exchange Approach, Edward J. Lawler, Jeongkoo Yoon

Edward J Lawler

This chapter focuses in the abstract on when and how repeated negotiations between the same actors foster positive feelings or emotions and, in turn, an affective commitment to their relationship. However, we have in mind applications to pivotal dyads within organizations and also to the emergence of "friction” or "stickiness” in market relations. Implicit in the idea that negotiations in pivotal dyads shape institutional patterns is the notion that repeated negotiations between the same two actors are likely to become more than instrumental ways for the particular actors to get work done. We suggest a simple process by which dyadic ...


Power Processes In Bargaining, Edward J. Lawler 2017 Cornell University

Power Processes In Bargaining, Edward J. Lawler

Edward J Lawler

This is a theoretical article that integrates and extends a particular program of work on power in bargaining relationships. Power is conceptualized as a structurally based capability, and power use as tactical action falling within either conciliatory or hostile categories. The core propositions are (1) the greater the total amount of power in a relationship, the greater the use of conciliatory tactics and the lower the use of hostile tactics; and (2) an unequal power relationship fosters more use of hostile tactics and less use of conciliatory tactics than an equal power relationship. Distinct research on power dependence and bilateral ...


Comparison Of Dependence And Punitive Forms Of Power, Edward J. Lawler, Samuel B. Bacharach 2017 Cornell University

Comparison Of Dependence And Punitive Forms Of Power, Edward J. Lawler, Samuel B. Bacharach

Edward J Lawler

This paper deals with the impact of power on tactical action in conflict. The theory and research is organized around two conceptual distinctions: one between power based on dependence versus punitive capability, and the other between relative power (i.e., power difference) and "total power" in a relationship (i.e., across actors). The paper will argue that these distinctions are important on both theoretical and empirical grounds. Theoretically, they are important to explicate the connection between conceptions of power that stress the coercive foundation of power (Bierstedt 1950; Tedeschi, Schlenker & Bonoma 1973) and those that treat power as dependence (Bacharach & Lawler 1981; Cook & Emerson 1984; Cook et al. 1981; Emerson 1962, 1972a, 1972b; Molm ...


Twisting Masculinity: Harms Of Pornography To Young Boys And Men, Gabe Deem 2017 Reboot Nation

Twisting Masculinity: Harms Of Pornography To Young Boys And Men, Gabe Deem

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Two Questions, The Same Answer: The Role Of Demand In Prostitution And Sex Trafficking, Shamere McKenzie 2017 The Salvation Army

Two Questions, The Same Answer: The Role Of Demand In Prostitution And Sex Trafficking, Shamere Mckenzie

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


The Global Supply Chain Of Sexual Expliotation And The Necessity Of Combating The Demand For Commercial Sex, Lisa L. Thompson 2017 National Center on Sexual Exploitation

The Global Supply Chain Of Sexual Expliotation And The Necessity Of Combating The Demand For Commercial Sex, Lisa L. Thompson

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Random Allocation In Randomized Controlled Trials: Distinguishing Selection Bias From Baseline Imbalance, Allyn Fives, Daniel W. Rusell, Noreen Kearns, Rena Lyons, Patricia Eaton, John Canavan, Carmel Devaney, Aoife O'Brien 2017 National University of Ireland, Galway

The Role Of Random Allocation In Randomized Controlled Trials: Distinguishing Selection Bias From Baseline Imbalance, Allyn Fives, Daniel W. Rusell, Noreen Kearns, Rena Lyons, Patricia Eaton, John Canavan, Carmel Devaney, Aoife O'Brien

Daniel W. Russell

Background: This paper addresses one threat to the internal validity of a randomized controlled trial (RCT), selection bias. Many authors argue that random allocation is used to ensure baseline equality between study conditions in a given study and that statistically significant differences at pretest mean that randomisation has failed. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to clarify the role of random allocation in an RCT study. Is the role of random allocation to protect against selection bias? And does it have a further role, namely to ensure baseline equality and the absence of statistically significant differences between study conditions ...


“That’S Why I Say Stay In School”: Black Mothers’ Parental Involvement, Cultural Wealth, And Exclusion In Their Son’S Schooling, Quaylan Allen, Kimberly A. White-Smith 2017 Chapman University

“That’S Why I Say Stay In School”: Black Mothers’ Parental Involvement, Cultural Wealth, And Exclusion In Their Son’S Schooling, Quaylan Allen, Kimberly A. White-Smith

Education Faculty Articles and Research

This study examines parental involvement practices, the cultural wealth, and school experiences of poor and working-class mothers of Black boys. Drawing upon data from an ethnographic study, we examine qualitative interviews with four Black mothers. Using critical race theory and cultural wealth frameworks, we explore the mothers’ approaches to supporting their sons’ education. We also describe how the mothers and their sons experienced exclusion from the school, and how this exclusion limited the mothers’ involvement. We highlight their agency in making use of particular forms of cultural wealth in responding to the school’s failure of their sons.


Conceptualizing The Emergence Of Social Capital In Young Children, Courtney Wong 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Conceptualizing The Emergence Of Social Capital In Young Children, Courtney Wong

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This paper explores the concept of social capital as it relates to children. Three major theorists, Coleman (1988), Putnam (1995), and Bourdieu (1986), offer different conceptualizations of social capital, but all agree that social capital exists within relationships amongst people and allows them to facilitate an action or receive some sort of benefit. Within much of social capital literature, children are mostly viewed as passive recipients of social capital from their parents and teachers, as opposed to being acknowledged as creators of their own social capital. More recent research is starting to recognize the latter and to conceptualize how children ...


Student Censorship In The Social Work Classrooms, Lisa Kozlowski 2017 California State University, San Bernardino

Student Censorship In The Social Work Classrooms, Lisa Kozlowski

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Through the evolution of the field of social work, a divide in its ideologies has emerged and certain political and ideological groups such as the religious and conservatives have become underrepresented. As a result, over the years the liberal philosophies have emerged as the dominant group. This has led to a decrease in diversity within the field. Recognition of biases in the field of social work is difficult. Through a qualitative analysis method, this study was meant to explore if social work students feel they are free to share openly in the classroom, and if they are accepting of all ...


Post-9/11 Media Coverage Of Terrorism, Zachary S. Mitnik 2017 CUNY John Jay College

Post-9/11 Media Coverage Of Terrorism, Zachary S. Mitnik

Student Theses

Media coverage of terrorist attacks plays an important role in shaping the public understanding of terrorism. While there have been several studies analyzing coverage of terrorist incidents prior to 9/11, there has been little research examining post-9/11 coverage. This study fills this gap by examining the media’s coverage of terrorism in the United States between the dates of September 12, 2001 and December 31, 2015. The analysis is based on a list of terrorist-related incidents and New York Times articles written on each incident. This study documents the amount of coverage received by these incidents and identifies ...


The Power Of Prayer, Victoria Dawn Thompson 2017 SIT Graduate Institute

The Power Of Prayer, Victoria Dawn Thompson

Capstone Collection

If words are arbitrary, how does prayer have power?” is the question of inquiry in this paper. An unobtrusive Content Analysis inquiry methodology was used to answer this question. The answer lies in the finding that words and thoughts are not the same thing, and our thoughts expand beyond the audible and visible. The implication for professional practice these findings present is that a deeper awareness of “Self” is needed to understand people’s miraculous way of resolving conflict via prayer.


Bridges Out Of Poverty As An Anti-Poverty Strategy In Kennett Square, Pennsylvania, Katlyn M. Uhler 2017 SIT Graduate Institute

Bridges Out Of Poverty As An Anti-Poverty Strategy In Kennett Square, Pennsylvania, Katlyn M. Uhler

Capstone Collection

This paper explores the initial results of the Bridges Out of Poverty (“Bridges”) community framework as implemented by the organization Kennett Area Community Service in Kennett Square, Pennsylvania. The aim of this research is to provide perspective on Bridges Out of Poverty’s contribution to the understanding of poverty in the United States and its potential as an antipoverty intervention. It does so first through an exploration of the historical and current discussion on poverty and anti-poverty interventions in the United States, followed by research on the Bridges model itself and its implementation in Kennett Square. This latter research includes ...


The Importance Of Faculty Appreciation And Recognition: A Case Study Of One Institution, Allison Sahl 2017 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

The Importance Of Faculty Appreciation And Recognition: A Case Study Of One Institution, Allison Sahl

Humboldt Journal of Social Relations

This study examines racial differences in faculty satisfaction with appreciation and recognition at a large university in the western United States. Using organizational socialization theory, I argue that appreciation and recognition are important to overall faculty satisfaction and, ultimately, the satisfaction with the institution as a place to work. Racial differences exist in these measures, suggesting Asian faculty are least satisfied. These results suggest that challenges to diversifying higher education institutions may rely, in part, on the acknowledgment faculty members receive for their work and from whom these acknowledgments are made. Additionally, these measures influence overall satisfaction with the institution ...


Caste Matters: Perceived Discrimination Among Women In Rural India, Apurv Soni, Jasmine A. Khubchandani, Nisha Fahey, Nitin Raithatha, Anusha Prabhakaran, Nancy Byatt, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Ajay Phatak, Milagros C. Rosal, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Jeroan J. Allison 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Caste Matters: Perceived Discrimination Among Women In Rural India, Apurv Soni, Jasmine A. Khubchandani, Nisha Fahey, Nitin Raithatha, Anusha Prabhakaran, Nancy Byatt, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Ajay Phatak, Milagros C. Rosal, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Jeroan J. Allison

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Purpose: To examine the relationship of caste and class with perceived discrimination among pregnant women from rural western India.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 170 pregnant women in rural Gujarat, India, who were enrolled in a longitudinal cohort study. Everyday Discrimination Scale and Experiences of Discrimination questionnaires were used to assess perceived discrimination and response to discrimination. Based on self-reported caste, women were classified to three categories with increasing historical disadvantage: General, Other Backward Castes (OBC), and Scheduled Caste or Tribes (SC/ST). Socioeconomic class was determined using standardized

Kuppuswamy scale. Regression models for count and binomial data ...


Overcoming Childhood Trauma: Long-Term Effects Of Early Maltreatment, Kellsey A. Hansen 2017 University of Wyoming

Overcoming Childhood Trauma: Long-Term Effects Of Early Maltreatment, Kellsey A. Hansen

Honors Theses AY 16/17

Child maltreatment is a worldwide problem, often overlooked by the general population. Each year in the United States of America, about 3.6 million referrals are made to Child Protective Services, reflecting 6.6 million individual cases of maltreatment. The short- and long-term effects of abuse and neglect have drastic consequences on individual children and society as a whole. In order to combat these outcomes, it is crucial for victims to demonstrate resiliency after the trauma has occurred.

The goal of this project was to review relevant literature pertaining to the subject of child maltreatment and resilience. After examining several ...


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